Results for 'Richard Shuntich'

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  1.  24
    Evidence for an interruption theory of backward masking.Terry J. Spencer & Richard Shuntich - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):198.
  2.  19
    Psychology and ethical development: a collection of articles on psychological theories, ethical development and human understanding.Richard Stanley Peters - 1974 - London: Allen & Unwin.
    First published in 1974, this book presents a coherent collection of major articles by Richard Stanley Peters. It displays his work on psychology and philosophy, with special attention given to the areas of ethical development and human understanding. The book is split into four parts. The first combines a critique of psychological theories, especially those of Freud, Piaget and the Behaviourists, with some articles on the nature and development of reason and the emotions. The second looks in historical order (...)
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  3. Liberalism, distributive subjectivism, and equal opportunity for welfare.Richard J. Arneson - 1990 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (2):158-194.
  4. Egalitarianism.Richard Arneson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  5. Egalitarianism and responsibility.Richard J. Arneson - 1999 - The Journal of Ethics 3 (3):225-247.
    This essay examines several possible rationales for the egalitarian judgment that justice requires better-off individuals to help those who are worse off even in the absence of social interaction. These rationales include equality (everyone should enjoy the same level of benefits), moral meritocracy (each should get benefits according to her responsibility or deservingness), the threshold of sufficiency (each should be assured a minimally decent quality of life), prioritarianism (a function of benefits to individuals should be maximized that gives priority to (...)
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  6. Attacking the Bounds of cognition.Richard Menary - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):329-344.
    Recently internalists have mounted a counter-attack on the attempt to redefine the bounds of cognition. The counter-attack is aimed at a radical project which I call "cognitive integration," which is the view that internal and external vehicles and processes are integrated into a whole. Cognitive integration can be defended against the internalist counter arguments of Adams and Aizawa (A&A) and Rupert. The disagreement between internalists and integrationists is whether the manipulation of external vehicles constitutes a cognitive process. Integrationists think that (...)
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  7.  46
    The use of statistical heuristics in everyday inductive reasoning.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Ziva Kunda - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (4):339-363.
  8. Extreme Cosmopolitanisms Defended.Richard J. Arneson - 2016 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (5):555-573.
    Some theorists hold that there is no serious, significant issue concerning cosmopolitanism. They hold that cosmopolitanism is either the anodyne doctrine that we have some duties to distant strangers merely on the ground of shared humanity or the absurd doctrine that we have no special moral duties based on special-ties such as those of friendship, family, and national community. This essay argues against this deflationary position by defending (1) a very extreme cosmopolitan doctrine that denies special-tie moral duties altogether and (...)
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  9.  33
    The ancestor's tale: a pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution.Richard Dawkins - 2004 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Edited by Yan Wong.
    The renowned biologist and thinker Richard Dawkins presents his most expansive work yet: a comprehensive look at evolution, ranging from the latest developments in the field to his own provocative views. Loosely based on the form of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Dawkins's Tale takes us modern humans back through four billion years of life on our planet. As the pilgrimage progresses, we join with other organisms at the forty "rendezvous points" where we find a common ancestor. The band of pilgrims (...)
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  10.  25
    John Locke.Richard Ithamar Aaron - 1937 - New York [etc.]: Oxford university press.
    In this third edition of "John Locke", the text is divided into three parts. The first is biographical, giving an account of the development of Locke's mind. The second expounds the teaching of the "Essay", and relates this to its background; while the third deals with Locke's teaching in political theory, moral philosophy, education, and religion. -- From publisher's description.
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  11.  10
    Troubled voices: stories of ethics and illness.Richard M. Zaner - 1993 - Cleveland, Ohio: Pilgrim Press.
    This honest, forthright, and beautifully-written book introduces readers to the human variations on medical topics spoken of in abstract in the daily news--euthanasia, assisted suicide, abortion, "extreme procedures", genetic testing, experimental surgeries--and to the people who must agonize over those decisions regarding themselves and their loved ones.
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  12.  19
    Reasoning and logic.Richard B. Angell - 1964 - New York,: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
  13.  26
    Action Production and Event Perception as Routine Sequential Behaviors.Richard P. Cooper - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):63-78.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 13, Issue 1, Page 63-78, January 2021.
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  14. Primary goods reconsidered.Richard J. Arneson - 1990 - Noûs 24 (3):429-454.
  15. Exploitation and outcome.Richard Arneson - 2013 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (4):392-412.
    Exploitation is interacting with another in a way that takes unfair advantage of that person. Exploitation is thought to be morally wrong even when it would bring about the best attainable outcome, hence conflicts with the consequentialist morality that holds one ought always to do whatever would bring about the best outcome. This essay aims to reconcile norms against exploitation and act consequentialism. A puzzle about exploitation is raised and resolved.
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  16.  16
    Value, variable, and coarse coding by posterior parietal neurons.Richard A. Andersen - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):90-91.
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  17.  37
    On the accuracy of group credences.Richard Pettigrew - 2016 - In Oxford Studies in Epistemology Vol.6. Oxford University Press.
  18.  23
    How Can Evolution Learn?Richard A. Watson & Eörs Szathmáry - 2016 - Trends in Ecology and Evolution 31 (2):147--157.
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  19. Examples and possibles: A criticism of Husserl's theory of free-phantasy variation.Richard M. Zaner - 1973 - Research in Phenomenology 3 (1):29-43.
  20.  19
    Speaking for Buddhas: Scriptural Commentary in Indian Buddhism.Richard F. Nance - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    Buddhist intellectual discourse owes its development to a dynamic interplay between primary source materials and subsequent interpretation, yet scholarship on Indian Buddhism has long neglected to privilege one crucial series of texts. Commentaries on Buddhist scriptures, particularly the sutras, offer rich insights into the complex relationship between Buddhist intellectual practices and the norms that inform—and are informed by—them. Evaluating these commentaries in detail for the first time, Richard F. Nance revisits—and rewrites&mdashthe critical history of Buddhist thought, including its unique (...)
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  21.  68
    VII*—Aristotle On the Rôle of Intellect in Virtue.Richard Sorabji - 1974 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 74 (1):107-129.
    Richard Sorabji; VII*—Aristotle On the Rôle of Intellect in Virtue, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 74, Issue 1, 1 June 1974, Pages 107–129, htt.
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  22. Troubled Voices: Stories of Ethics and Illness.Richard M. Zaner - 1998 - Human Studies 21 (1):49-55.
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  23. Commodification and commerical surrogacy.Richard J. Arneson - 1992 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (2):132-164.
  24. Feminism and Pragmatism.Richard Rorty - 1956 - Radical Philosophy 59.
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  25. Making Things Right: The True Consequences of Decision Theory in Epistemology.Richard Pettigrew - 2018 - In Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij & Jeff Dunn (eds.), Epistemic Consequentialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 220-239.
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  26.  16
    Walter Benjamin: An Aesthetic of Redemption.Richard Wolin - 1994 - University of California Press.
    Few twentieth-century thinkers have proven as influential as Walter Benjamin, the German-Jewish philosopher and cultural and literary critic. Richard Wolin's book remains among the clearest and most insightful introductions to Benjamin's writings, offering a philosophically rich exposition of his complex relationship to Adorno, Brecht, Jewish Messianism, and Western Marxism. Wolin provides nuanced interpretations of Benjamin's widely studied writings on Baudelaire, historiography, and art in the age of mechanical reproduction. In a new Introduction written especially for this edition, Wolin discusses (...)
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  27.  47
    Experience and the World’s Own Language: A Critique of John Mcdowell’s Empiricism.Richard Gaskin - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    John McDowell's "minimal empiricism" is one of the most influential and widely discussed doctrines in contemporary philosophy. Richard Gaskin subjects it to careful examination and criticism, arguing that it has unacceptable consequences, and in particular that it mistakenly rules out something we all know to be the case: that infants and non-human animals experience a world. Gaskin traces the errors in McDowell's empiricism to their source, and presents his own, still more minimal, version of empiricism, suggesting that a correct (...)
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  28. Film theory and philosophy.Richard Allen & Murray Smith (eds.) - 1997 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume of new essays energizes a growing movement in film theory which questions and seeks to overturn many of the assumptions that have governed film theory for the last twenty years. The book brings together film scholars and philosophers in a united commitment to the standards of argumentation that characterize analytic philosophy rather than a single doctrinal approach. The essays address such topics as authorship, emotion, ideology, representation, and expression in film.
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  29.  11
    Paternalism, Utility, and Fairness in Egalitarian Ethics.Richard J. Arneson - 1989 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 43 (170):409-437.
  30.  7
    Exploring Meinong’s Jungle and Beyond: The Sylvan Jungle - Volume 1.Richard Routley - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    In this first volume of The Sylvan Jungle, the editors present a scholarly edition of the first chapter, "Exploring Meinong's Jungle," of Richard Routley's 1000-plus page book, Exploring Meinong's Jungle and Beyond. Going against the Quinean orthodoxy, Routley’s aim was to support Meinong’s idea that we can truthfully refer to non-existent and even impossible objects, like Superman, unicorns and the round-square cupola on Berkeley College. The tools of non-classical logic at Routley’s disposal enabled him to update Meinong’s project for (...)
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  31.  25
    A-Logic.Richard Bradshaw Angell - 2002 - University Press of America.
    A-LOGIC is a full-length book (600+ pg). It functions as a system of logic designed to: 1) solve the standard paradoxes and major problems of standard mathematical logic; 2) minimize that logic's anomalies with respect to ordinary language, yet; 3) prove that all theorems in mathematical logic are tautologies. It covers lst order logic the logic of the words "and", "or", "not", "all" and "some". But it also has a non truth functional "if...then" and differs in its definition of validity, (...)
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  32. Moral Conscience Through the Ages.Richard Sorabji - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Richard Sorabji presents a unique discussion of the development of moral conscience over a period of 2500 years, from the playwrights of the fifth century BCE to the present. He addresses key topics including the original meaning and continuing nature of conscience, the ideas of freedom of religion and conscience with climaxes in the early Christian centuries and the seventeenth, the disputes on absolution or 'terrorisation' of conscience, dilemmas of conscience, and moral double-bind, the reliability of conscience if it (...)
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  33.  22
    Having less means wanting more: Children hold an intuitive economic theory of diminishing marginal utility.Richard E. Ahl, Emma Cook & Katherine McAuliffe - 2023 - Cognition 234 (C):105367.
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  34.  10
    Gurus and Griots: Revisiting the research informed consent process in rural African contexts.Richard Appiah - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundResearchers conducting community-based participatory action research (CBPAR) in highly collectivistic and socioeconomically disadvantaged community settings in sub-Saharan Africa are confronted with the distinctive challenge of balancing universal ethical standards with local standards, where traditional customs or beliefs may conflict with regulatory requirements and ethical guidelines underlying the informed consent (IC) process. The unique ethnic, socioeconomic, and cultural diversities in these settings have important implications for the IC process, such as individual decisional autonomy, beneficence, confidentiality, and signing the IC document.Main textDrawing (...)
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  35.  96
    A defense of equal opportunity for welfare.Richard J. Arneson - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 62 (2):187 - 195.
  36.  42
    Fideism.Richard Amesbury - 2007 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  37.  39
    Loose Notes and Capacious Memory: Robert Boyle's Note‐Taking and its Rationale.Richard Yeo - 2010 - Intellectual History Review 20 (3):335-354.
    Whereas his contemporaries were explicitly aware that the limits of memory called for scrupulous arrangement of one?s papers, Boyle?s papers remained chaotic throughout his life, necessitating a habitual recourse to memory. This invites consideration of Boyle?s views on the use of memory and notes, taking account of the precepts and options of his day. Like many other early modern virtuosi, Boyle made copious notes comprising both textual extracts and empirical information, but he did not maintain large commonplace books of the (...)
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  38.  29
    Perception, Sensation and Verification.Richard W. Miller - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (3):403.
  39. What do we owe to distant needy strangers?Richard J. Arneson - unknown
    As an affluent person in a world of needy poor, I should probably do more to aid badly off persons around the globe. Many people subscribe to this thought, which prompts guilt and chagrin. However, the thought readily becomes an extremely demanding vise. If I am contemplating using a few dollars of mine to go to a restaurant and a movie, I might reflect that the money would do more good, yield more moral value, if I refrained from the personal (...)
     
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  40.  16
    Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Richard H. Popkin (ed.) - 1998 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    Hume's brilliant and dispassionate essay Of Miracles has been added in this expanded edition of his _Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion_, which also includes Of the Immortality of the Soul, Of Suicide, and Richard Popkin's illuminating Introduction.
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  41.  78
    Semantics and Proof Theory of the Epsilon Calculus.Richard Zach - 2017 - In Ghosh Sujata & Prasad Sanjiva (eds.), Logic and Its Applications. ICLA 2017. Springer. pp. 27-47.
    The epsilon operator is a term-forming operator which replaces quantifiers in ordinary predicate logic. The application of this undervalued formalism has been hampered by the absence of well-behaved proof systems on the one hand, and accessible presentations of its theory on the other. One significant early result for the original axiomatic proof system for the epsilon-calculus is the first epsilon theorem, for which a proof is sketched. The system itself is discussed, also relative to possible semantic interpretations. The problems facing (...)
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  42.  18
    The symmetry problem: current theories and prospects.Richard Breheny, Nathan Klinedinst, Jacopo Romoli & Yasutada Sudo - 2018 - Natural Language Semantics 26 (2):85-110.
    The structural approach to alternatives :669–690, 2007; Fox and Katzir in Nat Lang Semant 19:87–107, 2011; Katzir in Semantics, pragmatics and the case of scalar implicatures, Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 40–71, 2014) is the most developed attempt in the literature at solving the symmetry problem of scalar implicatures. Problematic data with indirect and particularised scalar implicatures have however been raised :249–270, 2015). To address these problems, Trinh and Haida proposed to augment the theory with the Atomicity Constraint. Here we show (...)
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  43.  56
    Reaching a consensus.Richard Bradley - unknown
    This paper explores some aspects of the relation between different ways of achieving a consensus on the judgemental values of a group of indviduals; in particular, aggregation and deliberation. We argue firstly that the framing of an aggregation problem itself generates information that individuals are rationally obliged to take into account. And secondly that outputs of the deliberative process that this initiates is in tension with constraints on consensual values typically imposed by aggregation theory, at least when deliberation is modelled (...)
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  44. The Enforcement of Morals Revisited.Richard J. Arneson - 2013 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (3):435-454.
    Against Patrick Devlin, H. L. A. Hart rejects the enforcement of morals as such. Hart defends an expanded version of John Stuart Mill’s harm principle, but this expanded version is no more defensible than Mill’s original claim. Hart’s discussion fails to clarify what is really at stake in controversies regarding the moral acceptability of criminal prohibition of such activities as suicide and assisted suicide, recreational drug use, prostitution, and so on. Regarding the enforcement of morals as such, we should acknowledge (...)
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  45.  7
    What Chance‐Credence Norms Should Not Be.Richard Pettigrew - 2015 - Noûs 49 (1):177-196.
    A chance‐credence norm states how an agent's credences in propositions concerning objective chances ought to relate to her credences in other propositions. The most famous such norm is the Principal Principle (PP), due to David Lewis. However, Lewis noticed that PP is too strong when combined with many accounts of chance that attempt to reduce chance facts to non‐modal facts. Those who defend such accounts of chance have offered two alternative chance‐credence norms: the first is Hall's and Thau's New Principle (...)
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  46. Egalitarian perspectives on paternalism.Richard Arneson - 2018 - In Kalle Grill & Jason Hanna (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Paternalism. New York: Routledge.
     
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  47.  39
    The End of Welfare As We Know It?Richard J. Arneson - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (2):315-336.
    A notable achievement of T.M. Scanlon's What We Owe to Each Other is its sustained critique of welfarist consequentialism. Consequentialism is the doctrine that one morally ought always to do an act, of the alternatives, that brings about a state of affairs that is no less good than any other one could bring about. Welfarism is the view that what makes a state of affairs better or worse is some increasing function of the welfare for persons realized in it. I (...)
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  48.  17
    Elective Impairment Minus Elective Disability: The Social Model of Disability and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):145-155.
    Individuals with body integrity identity disorder seek to address a non-delusional incongruity between their body image and their physical embodiment, sometimes via the surgical amputation of healthy body parts. Opponents to the provision of therapeutic healthy-limb amputation in cases of BIID make appeals to the envisioned harms that such an intervention would cause, harms such as the creation of a lifelong physical disability where none existed before. However, this concept of harm is often based on a normative biomedical model of (...)
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  49.  14
    Elective Impairment Minus Elective Disability: The Social Model of Disability and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):145-155.
    Individuals with body integrity identity disorder seek to address a non-delusional incongruity between their body image and their physical embodiment, sometimes via the surgical amputation of healthy body parts. Opponents to the provision of therapeutic healthy-limb amputation in cases of BIID make appeals to the envisioned harms that such an intervention would cause, harms such as the creation of a lifelong physical disability where none existed before. However, this concept of harm is often based on a normative biomedical model of (...)
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  50.  13
    Elective Impairment Minus Elective Disability: The Social Model of Disability and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):145-155.
    Individuals with body integrity identity disorder seek to address a non-delusional incongruity between their body image and their physical embodiment, sometimes via the surgical amputation of healthy body parts. Opponents to the provision of therapeutic healthy-limb amputation in cases of BIID make appeals to the envisioned harms that such an intervention would cause, harms such as the creation of a lifelong physical disability where none existed before. However, this concept of harm is often based on a normative biomedical model of (...)
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