Results for 'Richard L. Summers'

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  1.  11
    Contextual Associations and Memory for Serial Position.Douglas L. Hintzman, Richard A. Block & Jeffery J. Summers - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (2):220.
  2.  29
    Freedom and Education: The Philosophy of Summer‐Hill.Richard L. Hopkins - 1976 - Educational Theory 26 (2):188-213.
  3.  30
    Promoting Moral Growth in a Summer Sport Camp: The Implementation of Theoretically Grounded Instructional Strategies.Brenda Jo Bredemeier, Maureen R. Weiss, David L. Shields & Richard M. Shewchuk - 1986 - Journal of Moral Education 15 (3):212-220.
    Abstract The present field experiment was designed to explore the effectiveness of social learning and structural developmental prescriptions for moral pedagogy in a summer sports camp. Eighty?four children, aged five to seven years, were matched on relevant variables and randomly assigned to one of three classes: (a) social learning, (b) structural developmental, or (c) control. Each of the classes shared similar curricula and was taught by two trained instructors for a six?week period. Educators is the experimental conditions implemented theoretically grounded (...)
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  4. Theories of Truth: A Critical Introduction.Richard L. Kirkham - 1992 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Theories of Truth provides a clear, critical introduction to one of the most difficult areas of philosophy. It surveys all of the major philosophical theories of truth, presenting the crux of the issues involved at a level accessible to nonexperts yet in a manner sufficiently detailed and original to be of value to professional scholars. Kirkham's systematic treatment and meticulous explanations of terminology ensure that readers will come away from this book with a comprehensive general understanding of one of philosophy's (...)
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  5.  18
    An Activation‐Based Model of Sentence Processing as Skilled Memory Retrieval.Richard L. Lewis & Shravan Vasishth - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (3):375-419.
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  6.  11
    Flew and the Free Will Defence: RICHARD L. PURTILL.Richard L. Purtill - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (4):477-483.
    In a recent paper Anthony Flew gives an argument which can be outlined as follows: 1. Any attempt to give a ‘free will defence’ must be based either on a compatibilist notion of free will or a libertarian, incompatibilist, notion of free will. 2. A free will defence based on a compatibilist notion of free will must fail, for on a compatibilist view of free will, God could make creatures who were free but never chose evil. 3. A free will (...)
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  7.  51
    Computational Rationality: Linking Mechanism and Behavior Through Bounded Utility Maximization.Richard L. Lewis, Andrew Howes & Satinder Singh - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):279-311.
    We propose a framework for including information-processing bounds in rational analyses. It is an application of bounded optimality (Russell & Subramanian, 1995) to the challenges of developing theories of mechanism and behavior. The framework is based on the idea that behaviors are generated by cognitive mechanisms that are adapted to the structure of not only the environment but also the mind and brain itself. We call the framework computational rationality to emphasize the incorporation of computational mechanism into the definition of (...)
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  8.  23
    Criminal Record, Character Evidence, and the Criminal Trial*: Richard L. Lippke.Richard L. Lippke - 2008 - Legal Theory 14 (3):167-191.
    The question addressed here is whether evidence concerning defendants' past criminal records should be introduced at their trials because such evidence reveals their character and thus reveals whether they are the kinds of persons likely to have committed the crimes with which they are currently charged. I strongly caution against the introduction of such evidence for a number of reasons. First, the link between defendants' past criminal records and claims about their standing dispositions to think and act is tenuous, at (...)
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  9.  17
    Foreknowledge and Fatalism: RICHARD L. PURTILL.Richard L. Purtill - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (3):319-324.
    In a recent book, J. R. Lucas presents an argument to show that if God has infallible knowledge of the future, our will is not free. Thus, Lucas concludes, like the medieval Jewish philosopher Gersonides, that God in creating beings with genuinely free will, abdicates some of his omniscience as well as some of his omnipotence. God could, but will not, determine our choices, since such an exercise of his power would rob us of free will. Similarly, Lucas holds, God (...)
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  10. The Mere Exposure Phenomenon: A Lingering Melody by Robert Zajonc.Richard L. Moreland & Sascha Topolinski - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):329-339.
    The mere exposure phenomenon (repeated exposure to a stimulus is sufficient to improve attitudes toward that stimulus) is one of the most inspiring phenomena associated with Robert Zajonc’s long and productive career in social psychology. In the first part of this article, Richard Moreland (who was trained by Zajonc in graduate school) describes his own work on exposure and learning, and on the relationships among familiarity, similarity, and attraction in person perception. In the second part, Sascha Topolinski (a recent (...)
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  11. Emergence for Nihilists.Richard L. J. Caves - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (1):2-28.
    I defend mereological nihilism, the view that there are no composite objects, against a challenge from ontological emergence, the view that some things have properties that are ‘something over and above’ the properties of their parts. As the nihilist does not believe in composite wholes, there is nothing in the nihilist's ontology to instantiate emergent properties – or so the challenge goes. However, I argue that some simples can collectively instantiate an emergent property, so the nihilist's ontology can in fact (...)
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  12.  15
    Seeing Cézanne.Richard Shiff - 1978 - Critical Inquiry 4 (4):769-808.
    While different groups of viewers may have sought different values in Cézanne's art, the artist's manner of painting and personality both contributed to the ambiguity of his work. Until the last decade of his life he seldom exhibited, and even then his paintings seemed unfinished. He was generally regarded as an "incomplete" artist and often as a "primitive," one whose art was in some way simple or rudimentary, devoid of the refinements and complexities of his materialistic, industrialized society.1 He was (...)
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  13.  33
    Some Surprising Implications of Negative Retributivism.Richard L. Lippke - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):49-62.
    Negative retributivism is the view that though the primary justifying aim of legal punishment is the reduction of crime, the state's efforts to do so are subject to side-constraints that forbid punishment of the innocent and disproportionate punishment of the guilty. I contend that insufficient attention has been paid to what the side-constraints commit us to in constructing a theory of legal punishment, even one primarily oriented toward reducing crime. Specifically, I argue that the side-constraints limit the kinds of actions (...)
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  14.  16
    Redemption and the Divine Realities: A Study of Hick, and an Alternative: RICHARD L. CORLISS.Richard L. Corliss - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (2):235-248.
    One of the most difficult problems for a student of religion is the problem of how to relate different religious views of life. It is not difficult to say, ‘My religious orientation has the only truth,’ but the art of giving evidence and argument to support a view on how they should be compared is almost nonexistent. Because of this, the recent work that John Hick has done in this area deserves thoughtful consideration. Since I am working on a book (...)
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  15.  20
    Schleiermacher's Hermeneutic and Its Critics: RICHARD L. CORLISS.Richard L. Corliss - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (3):363-379.
    The critics of Schleiermacher's hermeneutic are legion and its defenders few – due, to a great extent, to the popularity of Gadamer's Truth and Method and its attack on Schleiermacher. I believe that the critics of Schleiermacher have not understood him very well and the failure of his hermeneutics to gain very much respect lies, at least partially, to a lack of understanding of what he had to say. Besides, if we look at contemporary scholars who focus on the study (...)
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  16. Perceptions as Hypotheses.Richard L. Gregory - 1974 - In Philosophy Of Psychology. London: : Macmillan.
  17. Speaking of Everything.Richard L. Cartwright - 1994 - Noûs 28 (1):1-20.
  18. Mind In Science: A History Of Explanations In Psychology And Physics.Richard L. Gregory - 1981 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  19.  1
    The Oxford Companion to the Mind.Richard L. Gregory (ed.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    The Oxford Companion to the Mind is a classic. Published in 1987, to huge acclaim, it immediately took its place as the indispensable guide to the mysteries - and idiosyncracies - of the human mind. In no other book can the reader find discussions of concepts such as language, memory, and intelligence, side by side with witty definitions of common human experiences such as the 'cocktail-party' and 'halo' effects, and the least effort principle. Richard Gregory again brings his wit, (...)
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  20.  17
    Semantics of Natural Language. [REVIEW]L. J. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 26 (3):531-533.
    J. L. Austin, in "Ifs and Cans," proclaimed the common hope that we soon "may see the birth, through the joint labors of philosophers, grammarians, and numerous other students of language, of a true and comprehensive science of language." The problem has always been with the "joint labors" part. Philosophers have always been willing to issue linguists dictums and linguists have been happy to teach philosophers "plain facts." Austin’s general view of language, and his particular notion of performative utterance, can (...)
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  21.  36
    An Opponent-Process Theory of Motivation: I. Temporal Dynamics of Affect.Richard L. Solomon & John D. Corbit - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (2):119-145.
  22.  39
    Computational Principles of Working Memory in Sentence Comprehension.Richard L. Lewis, Shravan Vasishth & Julie A. Van Dyke - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (10):447-454.
  23.  83
    After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic.Richard L. Tieszen - 2011 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Gödel's relation to the work of Plato, Leibniz, Kant, and Husserl is examined, and a new type of platonic rationalism that requires rational intuition, called ...
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  24.  1
    After Godel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic.Richard L. Tieszen - 2011 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    Richard Tieszen presents an analysis, development, and defense of a number of central ideas in Kurt Gödel's writings on the philosophy and foundations of mathematics and logic. Tieszen structures the argument around Gödel's three philosophical heroes - Plato, Leibniz, and Husserl - and his engagement with Kant, and supplements close readings of Gödel's texts on foundations with materials from Gödel's Nachlass and from Hao Wang's discussions with Gödel. He provides discussions of Gödel's views, and develops a new type of (...)
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  25.  5
    Rethinking Imprisonment.Richard L. Lippke - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    This book draws upon philosophical arguments, criminological evidence, and legal literature on prisoners' rights and sentencing to explore the restrictions and deprivations that can be legitimately imposed on serious offenders in the name of punishment.
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  26.  8
    The Semantic Foundations of Logic: Predicate Logic.Richard L. Epstein - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    This book presents modern logic as the formalization of reasoning that needs and deserves a semantic foundation. Chapters on propositional logic; parsing propositions; and meaning, truth and reference give the reader a basis for establishing criteria that can be used to judge formalizations of ordinary language arguments. Over 120 worked examples illustrate the scope and limitations of modern logic, as analyzed in chapters on identity, quantifiers, descriptive names, and functions. The chapter on second-order logic shows how different conceptions of predicates (...)
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  27.  95
    On Singular Propositions.Richard L. Cartwright - 1997 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 27 (sup1):67-83.
  28.  11
    Traumatic Avoidance Learning: The Principles of Anxiety Conservation and Partial Irreversibility.Richard L. Solomon & Lyman C. Wynne - 1954 - Psychological Review 61 (6):353-385.
  29.  38
    The Philosophy of Gottlob Frege.Richard L. Mendelsohn - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This analysis of Frege's views on language and metaphysics in On Sense and Reference, arguably one of the most important philosophical essays of the past hundred years, provides a thorough introduction to the function/argument analysis and applies Frege's technique to the central notions of predication, identity, existence and truth. Of particular interest is the analysis of the Paradox of Identity and a discussion of three solutions: the little-known Begriffsschrift solution, the sense/reference solution, and Russell's 'On Denoting' solution. Russell's views wend (...)
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  30. Saving Life and Taking Life.Richard L. Trammell - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (5):131-137.
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the distinction between "negative" and "positive" duties. Special attention will be given to certain criticism raised against this distinction by Michael Tooley.
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  31.  1
    Freedom and the End of Reason: On the Moral Foundation of Kant's Critical Philosophy.Richard L. Velkley - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
    In _Freedom and the End of Reason_, Richard L. Velkley offers an influential interpretation of the central issue of Kant’s philosophy and an evaluation of its position within modern philosophy’s larger history. He persuasively argues that the whole of Kantianism—not merely the Second Critique—focuses on a “critique of practical reason” and is a response to a problem that Kant saw as intrinsic to reason itself: the teleological problem of its goodness. Reconstructing the influence of Rousseau on Kant’s thought, Velkley (...)
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  32. The Adaptive Nature of Eye Movements in Linguistic Tasks: How Payoff and Architecture Shape Speed‐Accuracy Trade‐Offs.Richard L. Lewis, Michael Shvartsman & Satinder Singh - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (3):581-610.
    We explore the idea that eye-movement strategies in reading are precisely adapted to the joint constraints of task structure, task payoff, and processing architecture. We present a model of saccadic control that separates a parametric control policy space from a parametric machine architecture, the latter based on a small set of assumptions derived from research on eye movements in reading (Engbert, Nuthmann, Richter, & Kliegl, 2005; Reichle, Warren, & McConnell, 2009). The eye-control model is embedded in a decision architecture (a (...)
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  33. Ontology and the Theory of Meaning.Richard L. Cartwright - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (4):316-325.
  34.  34
    Being After Rousseau: Philosophy and Culture in Question.Richard L. Velkley - 2002 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Being after Rousseau, Richard L. Velkley presents Jean-Jacques Rousseau as the founder of a modern European tradition of reflection on the relation of philosophy to culture—a reflection that calls both into question.
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  35.  23
    Computational Principles of Working Memory in Sentence Comprehension.Julie A. Van Dyke Richard L. Lewis, Shravan Vasishth - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (10):447.
  36.  39
    Comments on L. E. Krueger's "Disconfirming Evidence" of R. L. Gregory's Theory of Illusions.Richard L. Gregory - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (6):540-541.
  37.  52
    Punishment Drift: The Spread of Penal Harm and What We Should Do About It.Richard L. Lippke - 2017 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 11 (4):645-659.
    It is well documented that the effects of legal punishment tend to drift to the family members, friends, and larger communities of convicted offenders. Instead of conceiving of punishment drift as incidental to legal punishment, or as merely foreseen but not intended by state authorities and thus permissible, I argue that efforts ought to be undertaken to limit or ameliorate it. Failure to confine punishment drift comes perilously close to punishment of the innocent and is at odds with other legal (...)
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  38.  34
    The Inner Citadel: Essays on Individual Autonomy.Richard L. Lippke - 1991 - Ethics 101 (4):865-866.
  39.  44
    Frege on Predication.Richard L. Mendelsohn - 1981 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):69-82.
  40. Negative Existentials.Richard L. Cartwright - 1960 - Journal of Philosophy 57 (20/21):629-639.
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  41. Some Remarks on Essentialism.Richard L. Cartwright - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (20):615-626.
  42. No Easy Way Out: Dangerous Offenders and Preventive Detention. [REVIEW]Richard L. Lippke - 2008 - Law and Philosophy 27 (4):383 - 414.
  43. Mathematical Intuition: Phenomenology and Mathematical Knowledge.Richard L. TIESZEN - 1993 - Studia Logica 52 (3):484-486.
    The thesis is a study of the notion of intuition in the foundations of mathematics which focuses on the case of natural numbers and hereditarily finite sets. Phenomenological considerations are brought to bear on some of the main objections that have been raised to this notion. ;Suppose that a person P knows that S only if S is true, P believes that S, and P's belief that S is produced by a process that gives evidence for it. On a phenomenological (...)
     
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  44.  41
    Comparative Studies of Lawyer Deviance and Discipline.Richard L. Abel - 2012 - Legal Ethics 15 (2):187-195.
    Comparative case studies of lawyer deviance and discipline offer a unique perspective on how and why lawyers misbehave, how regulatory bodies respond, and the efficacy of those responses. Such studies also provide valuable pedagogic tools, opening the eyes of law students to the ways in which they, too, could transgress ethical rules. This special issue builds on my two books on misbehaving lawyers in New York and California by presenting vivid accounts of such lawyers in the UK, Canada, Australia, New (...)
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  45.  31
    Nature, God and Humanity: Envisioning an Ethics of Nature.Richard L. Fern - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Nature, God and Humanity clarifies the task of forming an ethics of nature, thereby empowering readers to develop their own critical, faith-based ethics. Calling on original, thought-provoking analyses and arguments, Richard L. Fern frames a philosophical ethics of nature, assesses it scientifically, finds support for it in traditional biblical theism, and situates it culturally. Though defending the moral value of beliefs affirming the radical Otherness of God and human uniqueness, this book aims not to compel the adoption of any (...)
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  46.  70
    Advertising and the Social Conditions of Autonomy.Richard L. Lippke - 1989 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 8 (4):35-58.
  47.  55
    Fatalism and the Omnitemporality of Truth.Richard L. Purtill - 1988 - Faith and Philosophy 5 (2):185-192.
    In this paper I will show that the omnitemporality of truth does indeed imply fatalism if the past is unchangeable. I then argue that it is very likely indeed that the past is unchangeable and thus, since it is very likely that fatalism is false, it is very likely that the doctrine of the omnitemporality of truth is false. I argue that the rejection of the omnitemporality of truth has no undesirable consequences for either logic or theology, that in fact (...)
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  48.  37
    Relatedness and Implication.Richard L. Epstein - 1979 - Philosophical Studies 36 (2):137 - 173.
  49.  11
    Grandparental Investment as a Function of Relational Uncertainty and Emotional Closeness with Parents.Richard L. Michalski & Todd K. Shackelford - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (3):293-305.
  50.  60
    The Prosecutor and the Presumption of Innocence.Richard L. Lippke - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (2):337-352.
    In what ways is the conduct of prosecutors constrained by the presumption of innocence? To address this question, I first develop an account of the presumption in the trial context, according to which it is a vital element in a moral assurance procedure for the justified infliction of legal punishment. Jurors must presume the factual innocence of defendants at the outset of trials and then be convinced beyond a reasonable doubt by the government’s evidence before they convict defendants. Prosecutors’ responsibilities (...)
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