12 found
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  1.  27
    Lossy‐Context Surprisal: An Information‐Theoretic Model of Memory Effects in Sentence Processing.Richard Futrell, Edward Gibson & Roger P. Levy - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (3):e12814.
    A key component of research on human sentence processing is to characterize the processing difficulty associated with the comprehension of words in context. Models that explain and predict this difficulty can be broadly divided into two kinds, expectation‐based and memory‐based. In this work, we present a new model of incremental sentence processing difficulty that unifies and extends key features of both kinds of models. Our model, lossy‐context surprisal, holds that the processing difficulty at a word in context is proportional to (...)
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  2.  19
    Comprehenders model the nature of noise in the environment.Rachel Ryskin, Richard Futrell, Swathi Kiran & Edward Gibson - 2018 - Cognition 181 (C):141-150.
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  3.  18
    Communication efficiency of color naming across languages provides a new framework for the evolution of color terms.Bevil R. Conway, Sivalogeswaran Ratnasingam, Julian Jara-Ettinger, Richard Futrell & Edward Gibson - 2020 - Cognition 195 (C):104086.
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  4.  26
    Grammatical cues to subjecthood are redundant in a majority of simple clauses across languages.Kyle Mahowald, Evgeniia Diachek, Edward Gibson, Evelina Fedorenko & Richard Futrell - 2023 - Cognition 241 (C):105543.
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  5.  18
    A verb-frame frequency account of constraints on long-distance dependencies in English.Yingtong Liu, Rachel Ryskin, Richard Futrell & Edward Gibson - 2022 - Cognition 222 (C):104902.
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  6.  4
    An Information-Theoretic Account of Semantic Interference in Word Production.Richard Futrell - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    I present a computational-level model of semantic interference effects in online word production within a rate–distortion framework. I consider a bounded-rational agent trying to produce words. The agent's action policy is determined by maximizing accuracy in production subject to computational constraints. These computational constraints are formalized using mutual information. I show that semantic similarity-based interference among words falls out naturally from this setup, and I present a series of simulations showing that the model captures some of the key empirical patterns (...)
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  7.  26
    Cross-linguistic gestures reflect typological universals: A subject-initial, verb-final bias in speakers of diverse languages.Richard Futrell, Tina Hickey, Aldrin Lee, Eunice Lim, Elena Luchkina & Edward Gibson - 2015 - Cognition 136 (C):215-221.
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  8.  14
    What's new? A comprehension bias in favor of informativity.Hannah Rohde, Richard Futrell & Christopher G. Lucas - 2021 - Cognition 209 (C):104491.
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  9.  56
    Alternative Solutions to a Language Design Problem: The Role of Adjectives and Gender Marking in Efficient Communication.Melody Dye, Petar Milin, Richard Futrell & Michael Ramscar - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):209-224.
    A central goal of typological research is to characterize linguistic features in terms of both their functional role and their fit to social and cognitive systems. One long-standing puzzle concerns why certain languages employ grammatical gender. In an information theoretic analysis of German noun classification, Dye, Milin, Futrell, and Ramscar enumerated a number of important processing advantages gender confers. Yet this raises a further puzzle: If gender systems are so beneficial to processing, what does this mean for languages that make (...)
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  10.  8
    An information-theoretic approach to the typology of spatial demonstratives.Sihan Chen, Richard Futrell & Kyle Mahowald - 2023 - Cognition 240 (C):105505.
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  11.  10
    Modeling word and morpheme order in natural language as an efficient trade-off of memory and surprisal.Michael Hahn, Judith Degen & Richard Futrell - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (4):726-756.
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  12.  15
    Structural priming is most useful when the conclusions are statistically robust.Kyle Mahowald, Ariel James, Richard Futrell & Edward Gibson - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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