Results for 'Richard F. Gustafson'

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  1.  17
    Russian Religious Thought.Judith Deutsch Kornblatt & Richard F. Gustafson (eds.) - 1996 - University of Wisconsin Press.
    This book explores central issues of modern Russian religious thought by focusing on the work of Soloviev and three religious philosophers who further developed his ideas in the early twentieth century: P. A. Florensky, Sergei Bulgakov, and ...
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  2.  25
    "Moral Education: Five Lectures," by James M. Gustafson, Richard S. Peters, Lawrence Kohlberg, Bruno Bettelheim, and Kenneth Keniston, with an Introduction by Nancy F. And Theodore R. Sizer. [REVIEW]Vernon J. Bourke - 1972 - Modern Schoolman 49 (2):196-196.
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  3. On the Non-Existence of Parallel Universes in Chemistry.Richard F. W. Bader - 2011 - Foundations of Chemistry 13 (1):11-37.
    This treatise presents thoughts on the divide that exists in chemistry between those who seek their understanding within a universe wherein the laws of physics apply and those who prefer alternative universes wherein the laws are suspended or ‘bent’ to suit preconceived ideas. The former approach is embodied in the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM), a theory based upon the properties of a system’s observable distribution of charge. Science is experimental observation followed by appeal to theory that, upon (...)
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  4.  43
    Concerns of College Students Regarding Business Ethics.Richard F. Beltramini, Robert A. Peterson & George Kozmetsky - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (3):195 - 200.
    Although some attention has been devoted to assessing the attitudes and concerns of businesspeople toward ethics, relatively little attention has focused on the attitudes and concerns of tomorrow's business leaders, today's college students. In this investigation a national sample was utilized to study college students' attitudes toward business ethics, with the results being analyzed by academic classification, academic major, and sex. Results of the investigation indicate that college students are currently somewhat concerned about business ethics in general, and that female (...)
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  5.  28
    Habituation: A Model Phenomenon for the Study of Neuronal Substrates of Behavior.Richard F. Thompson & William A. Spencer - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (1):16-43.
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  6.  55
    Do Children Think Philosophically?Richard F. Kitchener - 1990 - Metaphilosophy 21 (4):416-431.
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  7.  65
    Atoms in Molecules as Non-Overlapping, Bounded, Space-Filling Open Quantum Systems.Richard F. W. Bader & Chérif F. Matta - 2013 - Foundations of Chemistry 15 (3):253-276.
    The quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) uses physics to define an atom and its contribution to observable properties in a given system. It does so using the electron density and its flow in a magnetic field, the current density. These are the two fields that Schrödinger said should be used to explain and understand the properties of matter. It is the purpose of this paper to show how QTAIM bridges the conceptual gulf that separates the observations of chemistry (...)
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  8.  87
    Natural Myside Bias is Independent of Cognitive Ability.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):225 – 247.
    Natural myside bias is the tendency to evaluate propositions from within one's own perspective when given no instructions or cues (such as within-participants conditions) to avoid doing so. We defined the participant's perspective as their previously existing status on four variables: their sex, whether they smoked, their alcohol consumption, and the strength of their religious beliefs. Participants then evaluated a contentious but ultimately factual proposition relevant to each of these demographic factors. Myside bias is defined between-participants as the mean difference (...)
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  9.  11
    Speaking for Buddhas: Scriptural Commentary in Indian Buddhism.Richard F. Nance - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    Nance reads these texts against the social and cultural conditions of their making, establishing a solid historical basis for the interpretation of key beliefs and doctrines.
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  10. Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):645-665.
    Much research in the last two decades has demonstrated that human responses deviate from the performance deemed normative according to various models of decision making and rational judgment (e.g., the basic axioms of utility theory). This gap between the normative and the descriptive can be interpreted as indicating systematic irrationalities in human cognition. However, four alternative interpretations preserve the assumption that human behavior and cognition is largely rational. These posit that the gap is due to (1) performance errors, (2) computational (...)
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  11. On the Failure of Cognitive Ability to Predict Myside and One-Sided Thinking Biases.Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):129-167.
    Two critical thinking skills—the tendency to avoid myside bias and to avoid one-sided thinking—were examined in three different experiments involving over 1200 participants and across two different paradigms. Robust indications of myside bias were observed in all three experiments. Participants gave higher evaluations to arguments that supported their opinions than those that refuted their prior positions. Likewise, substantial one-side bias was observed—participants were more likely to prefer a one-sided to a balanced argument. There was substantial variation in both types of (...)
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  12.  37
    Review of The Natural and the Normative by Gary Hatfield. [REVIEW]Richard F. Kitchener - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (2):334-335.
  13. Is Genetic Epistemology Possible?Richard F. Kitchener - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (3):283-299.
    Several philosophers have questioned the possibility of a genetic epistemology, an epistemology concerned with the developmental transitions between successive states of knowledge in the individual person. Since most arguments against the possibility of a genetic epistemology crucially depend upon a sharp distinction between the genesis of an idea and its justification, I argue that current philosophy of science raises serious questions about the universal validity of this distinction. Then I discuss several senses of the genetic fallacy, indicating which sense of (...)
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  14.  20
    D. F. Gustafson and B. L. Tapscott's "Body, Mind, and Method, Essays in Honor of Virgil C. Aldrich". [REVIEW]Mary B. Mahowald - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (2):300.
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  15.  12
    Death is Not the Enemy.Richard L. Landau & James M. Gustafson - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (1):150-151.
  16.  15
    Piaget's Social Psychology.Richard F. Kitchener - 1981 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 11 (3):253–277.
    Piaget's social psychology is not widely discussed among psychologists, partly because much of it is still contained in untranslated French works. In this article I summarize the main lines of Piaget's social psychology and briefly indicate its relation to current theories in social psychology. Rejecting both Durkheim's sociological holism and Tarde's individualism, Piaget advances a sociological relativism in which all social facts are reducible to social relations and these, in turn, are reducible to rules, values and signs. Piaget's theory of (...)
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  17.  81
    Genetic Epistemology, History of Science and Genetic Psychology.Richard F. Kitchener - 1985 - Synthese 65 (1):3 - 31.
    Genetic epistemology analyzes the growth of knowledge both in the individual person (genetic psychology) and in the socio-historical realm (the history of science). But what the relationship is between the history of science and genetic psychology remains unclear. The biogenetic law that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny is inadequate as a characterization of the relation. A critical examination of Piaget's Introduction à l'Épistémologie Généntique indicates these are several examples of what I call stage laws common to both areas. Furthermore, there is at (...)
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  18.  30
    Genetic Epistemology, Equilibration and the Rationality of Scientific Change.Richard F. Kitchener - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (3):339-366.
  19.  43
    Assessing Miserly Information Processing: An Expansion of the Cognitive Reflection Test.Maggie E. Toplak, Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):147-168.
  20.  47
    Genetic Epistemology, Normative Epistemology, and Psychologism.Richard F. Kitchener - 1980 - Synthese 45 (2):257 - 280.
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  21. Behavior and Behaviorism.Richard F. Kitchener - 1977 - Behavior and Philosophy 5 (2):11.
  22.  58
    Consumer Believability of Information in Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) Advertising of Prescription Drugs.Richard F. Beltramini - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (4):333 - 343.
    Direct to consumer (DTC) advertising has attracted significant research attention, yet none has focused on empirical assessments of its overall impact on U.S. consumers nationally, and tying assessment to relevant behavioral outcomes. This paper addresses the ethical issue of DTC advertising providing a balance of product and risk information that is both understandable and believable, and contributes direction to those exploring this phenomenon.
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  23.  14
    Callimachus, the Victoria Berenices, and Roman Poetry.Richard F. Thomas - 1983 - Classical Quarterly 33 (01):92-.
    It is now five years since P. J. Parsons published the Lille Callimachus, and the dust appears to have settled. The appearance of these fragments, which greatly increase our knowledge of the opening of the third book of the Aetia, has been followed by no great critical reaction. Apart from the attractive suggestion of E. Livrea that the ‘Mousetrap’ may belong within the story of Heracles and Molorchus, the episode has had somewhat limited impact. This is against the usual trend (...)
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  24.  54
    Habituation: A Dual-Process Theory.Philip M. Groves & Richard F. Thompson - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (5):419-450.
  25. The Nature and Scope of Genetic Epistemology.Richard F. Kitchener - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (3):400-415.
    Although the theory of Jean Piaget is correctly characterized as genetic epistemology, its nature and scope remain unclear and controversial. An examination of Piaget's Introduction a l'epistemologie genetique indicates that Piaget relies heavily upon a model of comparative anatomy and, consequently, that genetic epistemology is about both the history of science and individual development. This biological model seems to be the basis for Piaget's view that the history of science can be seen as a (Kantian) history of scientific concepts whereas (...)
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  26.  32
    Application of the Unfairness Doctrine to Marketing Communications on the Internet.Richard F. Beltramini - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (4):393 - 400.
    The increased usage of marketing communications on the internet has presented a number of significant business ethics issues. And, while regulatory agencies have increased their vigilance in protecting consumers from injury, the uniqueness of business via the internet has challenged these agencies to respond in evolving ways. This paper provides a brief overview of the application of the FTC''s lesser known unfairness doctrine as a potential framework for better understanding emerging privacy and e-commerce issues, and specific examples are provided for (...)
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  27.  34
    Ethics and the Use of Competitive Information Acquisition Strategies.Richard F. Beltramini - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):307 - 311.
    Several business trends have forced accelerated efforts to acquire competitive intelligence. While coverage of business ethics in classroom instruction has accelerated, concerns over unethical competitive information acquisition strategies persist. The frequency of use by individuals, their companies, and their competitors is assessed, and the findings reveal the extent of this ethics gap.
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  28.  15
    Developmental Explanations.Richard F. Kitchener - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):791 - 817.
    ALTHOUGH the nature of scientific explanation has been a topic much discussed by philosophers of science, one type of scientific explanation has received scant attention. In several of the sciences one often encounters a developmental explanation, an attempt, according to Woodward, "to explain why a system is in a certain stage of development by reference to a developmental 'law' which describes an orderly sequence of stages which systems of that kind go through.".
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  29.  24
    The Niebuhrian Legacy and the Idea of Responsibility.Douglas F. Ottati - 2009 - Studies in Christian Ethics 22 (4):399-422.
    Reinhold and H. Richard Niebuhr developed different stances in theological ethics as well as contrasting interpretations of important circumstances and events. Despite their differences, however, when it came to the idea of responsibility, they shared a fundamental insight about the situated character of human agency. Their insight points to a substantial if also flexible Niebuhrian legacy in theological ethics, and promising and problematic features of this legacy have continued to engage the critical and constructive energies of diverse thinkers, including (...)
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  30.  37
    Piaget's Epistemic Subject and Science Education: Epistemological Vs. Psychological Issues.Richard F. Kitchener - 1993 - Science & Education 2 (2):137-148.
  31.  8
    Consumer Believability of Information in Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs.Richard F. Beltramini - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (4):333-343.
    Direct to consumer advertising has attracted significant research attention, yet none has focused on empirical assessments of its overall impact on U.S. consumers nationally, and tying assessment to relevant behavioral outcomes. This paper addresses the ethical issue of DTC advertising providing a balance of product and risk information that is both understandable and believable, and contributes direction to those exploring this phenomenon.
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  32.  11
    The World View of Contemporary Physics: Does It Need a New Metaphysics?Richard F. Kitchener (ed.) - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    Papers from a conference held at Colorado State Univ., Sept. 1986. Addresses such related topics as the nature of the mind, our place in society, and the nature of ethics. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  33.  6
    New Knowledge in Human Values.Richard F. Grabau - 1961 - Philosophy of Science 28 (1):85-86.
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  34.  93
    Cognitive Ability and Variation in Selection Task Performance.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):193-230.
    Individual differences in performance on a variety of selection tasks were examined in three studies employing over 800 participants. Nondeontic tasks were solved disproportionately by individuals of higher cognitive ability. In contrast, responses on two deontic tasks that have shown robust performance facilitationthe Drinking-age Problem and the Sears Problem-were unrelated to cognitive ability. Performance on deontic and nondeontic tasks was consistently associated. Individuals in the correct/correct cell of the bivariate performance matrix were over-represented. That is, individuals giving the modal response (...)
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  35.  2
    The Making of Keynes' General Theory.Richard F. Kahn - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    This 1984 book describes the development of thought, both of Keynes and others, culminating in the publication in 1936 of Keynes' General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. As one of Keynes' close collaborators - from December 1929, when the writing of the Treatise was nearing its completion - Richard Khan provides a uniquely insightful analysis of these events. The author starts with a brief survey of the contributions influential in forming Keynes' early ideas, and moves on to explore (...)
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  36.  13
    Modeling the Neural Substrates of Associative Learning and Memory: A Computational Approach.Mark A. Gluck & Richard F. Thompson - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):176-191.
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  37.  25
    Piaget’s Genetic Epistemology.Richard F. Kitchener - 1980 - International Philosophical Quarterly 20 (4):377-405.
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  38.  36
    Concerns of College Students Regarding Business Ethics: A Replication. [REVIEW]Robert A. Peterson, Richard F. Beltramini & George Kozmetsky - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (10):733 - 738.
    In 1984 we reported the results of surveying a nationwide sample of college students about selected business ethics issues. We concluded that (a) college students were in general concerned about the issues investigated and (b) female students were relatively more concerned than were male students. The present study replicated our earlier study and not only corroborated both of its conclusions, but also found a higher level of concern than had been observed previously.
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  39.  10
    Individual Differences in Rational Thought.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (2):161-188.
  40.  3
    Believability of Direct to Consumer (DTC) Advertising of Pharmaceutical Products.Richard F. Beltramini - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (4):333-43.
    Direct to consumer advertising has attracted significant research attention, yet none has focused on empirical assessments of its overall impact on U.S. consumers nationally, and tying assessment to relevant behavioral outcomes. This paper addresses the ethical issue of DTC advertising providing a balance of product and risk information that is both understandable and believable, and contributes direction to those exploring this phenomenon.
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  41.  43
    Legal Utilitarianism.Richard F. Bernstein - 1979 - Ethics 89 (2):127-146.
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  42.  18
    Logic, Language, and Albert the Great.Richard F. Washell - 1973 - Journal of the History of Ideas 34 (3):445.
  43.  27
    On Priming by a Sentence Context.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):1-36.
  44.  93
    Advancing the Rationality Debate.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):701-717.
    In this response, we clarify several misunderstandings of the understanding/acceptance principle and defend our specific operationalization of that principle. We reiterate the importance of addressing the problem of rational task construal and we elaborate the notion of computational limitations contained in our target article. Our concept of thinking dispositions as variable intentional-level styles of epistemic and behavioral regulation is explained, as is its relation to the rationality debate. Many of the suggestions of the commentators for elaborating two-process models are easily (...)
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  45.  73
    Advertising Ethics: The Ultimate Oxymoron? [REVIEW]Richard F. Beltramini - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (3):215-216.
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  46.  9
    A Case Study Exploration of Development in Preservice Science Teachers.Richard F. Gunstone, Monica Slattery, John R. Baird & Jeff R. Northfield - 1993 - Science Education 77 (1):47-73.
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  47.  31
    Bibliography of Philosophical Work on Piaget.Richard F. Kitchener - 1985 - Synthese 65 (1):139 - 151.
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  48.  13
    B. F. Skinner: The Butcher, the Baker, the Behavior-Shaper.Richard F. Kitchener - 1972 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:87 - 98.
  49.  67
    Individual Differences in Framing and Conjunction Effects.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (4):289-317.
    Individual differences on a variety of framing and conjunction problems were examined in light of Slovic and Tversky's (1974) understanding/acceptance principle-that more reflective and skilled reasoners are more likely to affirm the axioms that define normative reasoning and to endorse the task construals of informed experts. The predictions derived from the principle were confirmed for the much discussed framing effect in the Disease Problem and for the conjunction fallacy on the Linda Problem. Subjects of higher cognitive ability were disproportionately likely (...)
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  50.  13
    Teofilo F. Ruiz, Crisis and Continuity: Land and Town in Late Medieval Castile.(Middle Ages Series.) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994. Pp. Xvi, 351; Black-and-White Figures, Maps, Tables. $46.95. [REVIEW]Richard F. Gyug - 1996 - Speculum 71 (4):1013-1014.
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