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Richard J. Evans [23]Richard Evans [18]Richard I. Evans [1]
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Richard Evans
Cambridge University
  1.  30
    In Defence of History.Richard J. Evans - 1997 - Granta Books.
    Introduction i This book is about how we study history, how we research and write about it, and how we read it. In the postmodern age, historians are being ...
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  2.  29
    Making Sense of Raw Input.Richard Evans, Matko Bošnjak, Lars Buesing, Kevin Ellis, David Pfau, Pushmeet Kohli & Marek Sergot - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 299 (C):103521.
    How should a machine intelligence perform unsupervised structure discovery over streams of sensory input? One approach to this problem is to cast it as an apperception task [1]. Here, the task is to construct an explicit interpretable theory that both explains the sensory sequence and also satisfies a set of unity conditions, designed to ensure that the constituents of the theory are connected in a relational structure. However, the original formulation of the apperception task had one fundamental limitation: it assumed (...)
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  3.  51
    The Apperception Engine.Richard Evans - 2022 - In Hyeongjoo Kim & Dieter Schönecker (eds.), Kant and Artificial Intelligence. De Gruyter. pp. 39-104.
    This paper describes an attempt to repurpose Kant’s a priori psychology as the architectural blueprint for a machine learning system. First, it describes the conditions that must be satisfied for the agent to achieve unity of experience: the intuitions must be connected, via binary relations, so as to satisfy various unity conditions. Second, it shows how the categories are derived within this model: the categories are pure unary predicates that are derived from the pure binary relations. Third, I describe how (...)
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  4.  28
    A Kantian Cognitive Architecture.Richard Evans - 2019 - In Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso & Don Berkich (eds.), On the Cognitive, Ethical, and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence. Springer Verlag. pp. 233-262.
    In this paper, I reinterpret Kant’s Transcendental Analytic as a description of a cognitive architecture. I describe a computer implementation of this architecture, and show how it has been applied to two unsupervised learning tasks. The resulting program is very data efficient, able to learn from a tiny handful of examples. I show how the program achieves data-efficiency: the constraints described in the Analytic of Principles are reinterpreted as strong prior knowledge, constraining the set of possible solutions.
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  5.  83
    Making Sense of Sensory Input.Richard Evans, José Hernández-Orallo, Johannes Welbl, Pushmeet Kohli & Marek Sergot - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 293 (C):103438.
    This paper attempts to answer a central question in unsupervised learning: what does it mean to “make sense” of a sensory sequence? In our formalization, making sense involves constructing a symbolic causal theory that both explains the sensory sequence and also satisfies a set of unity conditions. The unity conditions insist that the constituents of the causal theory – objects, properties, and laws – must be integrated into a coherent whole. On our account, making sense of sensory input is a (...)
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  6.  18
    The Feminist Movement in Germany, 1894-1933.Richard J. Evans - 1976 - London [etc.] : Sage Publications.
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  7.  86
    Self-Legislating Machines: What Can Kant Teach Us About Original Intentionality?Richard Evans - 2022 - Kant Studien 113 (3):555-576.
    In this paper, I attempt to address a fundamental challenge for machine intelligence: to understand whether and how a machine’s internal states and external outputs can exhibit original non-derivative intentionality. This question has three aspects. First, what does it take for a machine to exhibit original de dicto intentionality? Second, what does it take to exhibit original de re intentionality? Third, what is required for the machine to defer to the external objective world by respecting the word-to-world direction of fit? (...)
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  8.  19
    Response.Richard J. Evans - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (3):457-467.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 457 - 467 This reply to the critiques by Daniel Woolf, Cass R. Sunstein and Daniel Nolan of my book _Altered Pasts: Counterfactuals in History_, takes each of their contributions in turn, and reasserts the centrality to counterfactual history of positing definite, long term alternative timelines rather than a vague claim that things might have turned out differently to the way they actually did. Such alternate timelines have no claim to either truth or (...)
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  9. Formalizing Kant’s Rules.Richard Evans, Andrew Stephenson & Marek Sergot - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48:1-68.
    This paper formalizes part of the cognitive architecture that Kant develops in the Critique of Pure Reason. The central Kantian notion that we formalize is the rule. As we interpret Kant, a rule is not a declarative conditional stating what would be true if such and such conditions hold. Rather, a Kantian rule is a general procedure, represented by a conditional imperative or permissive, indicating which acts must or may be performed, given certain acts that are already being performed. These (...)
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  10.  37
    History, memory, and the law: The historian as expert witness.Richard J. Evans - 2002 - History and Theory 41 (3):326–345.
    There has been a widespread recovery of public memory of the events of the Second World War since the end of the 1980s, with war crimes trials, restitution actions, monuments and memorials to the victims of Nazism appearing in many countries. This has inevitably involved historians being called upon to act as expert witnesses in legal actions, yet there has been little discussion of the problems that this poses for them. The French historian Henry Rousso has argued that this confuses (...)
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  11. Introducing Exclusion Logic as a Deontic Logic.Richard Evans - 2010 - DEON 2010 10 (1):179-195.
    This paper introduces Exclusion Logic - a simple modal logic without negation or disjunction. We show that this logic has an efficient decision procedure. We describe how Exclusion Logic can be used as a deontic logic. We compare this deontic logic with Standard Deontic Logic and with more syntactically restricted logics.
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  12. Representing Personality Traits as Conditionals.Richard Evans - 2011 - Aisb 4 (1):35-42.
    This paper compares two approaches to representing personality traits in synthetic agents. It proposes a set of goals that any computational implementation of personality should satisfy. It describes the personality trait system used in The Sims 3. Then an alternative system is described, in which traits are represented as conditionals relating world state to emotional state. It is shown that the conditionals model does a better job of satisfying the desiderata.
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  13. Computer Models of Constitutive Social Practices.Richard Evans - 2016 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 389-409.
    Research in multi-agent systems typically assumes a regulative model of social practice. This model starts with agents who are already capable of acting autonomously to further their individual ends. A social practice, according to this view, is a way of achieving coordination between multiple agents by restricting the set of actions available. For example, in a world containing cars but no driving regulations, agents are free to drive on either side of the road. To prevent collisions, we introduce driving regulations, (...)
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  14. The Logical Form of Status-Function Declarations.Richard Evans - 2009 - Etica E Politica 11 (1):203-259.
    We are able to participate in countless different sorts of social practice. This indefinite set of capacities must be explainable in terms of a finite stock of capacities. This paper compares and contrasts two different explanations. A standard decomposition of the capacity to participate in social practices goes something like this: the interpreter arrives on the scene with a stock of generic practice-types. He looks at the current scene to fill-in the current tokens of these types. He looks at the (...)
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  15. Cathoristic Logic.Richard Evans - manuscript
    Cathoristic logic is a multi-modal logic where negation is replaced by a novel operator allowing the expression of incompatible sentences. We present the syntax and semantics of the logic including complete proof rules, and establish a number of results such as compactness, a semantic characterisa- tion of elementary equivalence, the existence of a quadratic-time decision pro- cedure, and Brandom’s incompatibility semantics property. We demonstrate the usefulness of the logic as a language for knowledge representation.
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  16. The Feminists Women's Emancipation Movements in Europe, America, and Australasia, 1840-1920.Richard J. Evans - 1979
  17. Re-Expressing Normative Pragmatism.Richard Evans - 2009 - In Collective Intentionality VI, Berkeley.
    The central claim of normative pragmatism is that intentional states can be explained in terms of participation in practices. My aim in this paper is not so much to defend this claim as to rearticulate it in a different medium: the medium of computation. I describe two computer programs in which this claim is re-expressed. The first is the latest version of THE SIMS, in which participation in practices enables the Sims to do and understand more. The second is a (...)
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  18.  16
    Business ethics and changes in society.Richard Evans - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (11):871 - 876.
    The business world is not a separate universe of economic values and goals distinct from society, but an aspect of the behaviour of society as a whole. Ethics cannot be a cosmetic applied to established practice in the business world, a mere restraint on the unsocial or criminal behaviour of managers or a pragmatic response to consumer pressure. The author argues for a Total Ethics concept analogous to Zero Defects concepts in operations management. This ethic should form the foundation of (...)
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  19. Collective Intentionality VI, Berkeley.Richard Evans - 2009
  20. Die Cholera in Medizin und Pharmazie im Zeitalter des Hygienikers Max von Pettenkofer by Ellen Jahn. [REVIEW]Richard Evans - 1995 - Isis 86:508-508.
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  21. Diodorus siculus: The reign of Philip II. the greek and macedonian narrative from book XVI. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1997 - Mnemosyne 50 (2):232-234.
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  22.  3
    Jung on Elementary Psychology: A Discussion Between C. G. Jung and Richard I. Evans.Richard I. Evans - 1979 - Routledge.
    First published in 1979. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  23. Lepidus The Tarnished Triumvir. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1996 - Mnemosyne 49 (4):508-510.
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  24. Philip of Macedon. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1997 - Mnemosyne 50 (1):124-127.
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  25. Review: The Culture of the Roman Plebs. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (1):311-313.
  26. The Women's Movement in Germany, 1890-1919.Richard J. Evans - 1972
  27. Waarheid en herinnering.Richard J. Evans - 2009 - Nexus 53.
    Richard Evans trad in 2000 op als expert-getuige in het proces dat historica Deborah Lipstadt aanspande tegen haar collega David Irving. Lipstadt beschuldigde Irving ervan in zijn geschriften een grote hoeveelheid goedverkopende historische boeken over de Tweede Wereldoorlog, stelselmatig de Holocaust te ontkennen. Evans, eveneens een historicus, kreeg de taak te onderzoeken of er inderdaad sprake was van verdraaiing van de feiten in het werk van Irving. Zijn bevindingen, die hij in dit essay uit de doeken doet, en het uiteindelijke (...)
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  28.  25
    Review: From Historicism to Postmodernism: Historiography in the Twentieth Century. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 2002 - History and Theory 41 (1):79-87.
  29. Theory and practice in German social-democracy 1880-1914-zetkin, Clara and the socialist theory of womens emancipation.Richard J. Evans - 1982 - History of Political Thought 3 (2):285-304.
     
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  30.  12
    W. Suerbaum: Cato Censorius in der Forschung des 20. Jahrhunderts. Eine kommentierte chronologische Bibliographie für 1900–1999 nebst systematischen Hinweisen und einer Darstellung des Schriftstellers M. Porcius Cato (234–149 v. Chr.). (Bibliographien zur Klassischen Philologie 2.) Pp. 312. Hildesheim, Zurich, and New York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2004. Cased, €44.80. ISBN: 3-487-12589-7. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (2):695-695.
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  31.  22
    Arena Libertas and the Practice of Politics in the Late Roman Republic. Pp. x + 324, ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Cased, £60, US$99. ISBN: 978-1-107-02817-3. [REVIEW]Richard Evans - 2014 - The Classical Review 64 (1):225-227.
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  32.  18
    Welch (K.), Hillard (T.W.) (edd.) Roman Crossings. Theory and Practice in the Roman Republic. Pp. viii + 344. Swansea: The Classical Press of Wales, 2005. Cased. ISBN: 978-1-905125-00-. [REVIEW]Richard Evans - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (1):208-210.
  33.  22
    W. Suerbaum: Cato Censorius in der Forschung des 20. Jahrhunderts. Eine kommentierte chronologische Bibliographie für 1900–1999 nebst systematischen Hinweisen und einer Darstellung des Schriftstellers M. Porcius Cato (234–149 v. Chr.) . (Bibliographien zur Klassischen Philologie 2.) Pp. 312. Hildesheim, Zurich, and New York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2004. Cased, €44.80. ISBN: 3-487-12589-. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (02):695-.
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  34.  20
    Roman Popular Culture N. Horsfall: The Culture of the Roman Plebs . Pp. 176. London: Duckworth, 2003. Paper, £12.99. ISBN: 0-7156-3238-. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (01):311-.
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  35.  7
    Die Cholera in Medizin und Pharmazie im Zeitalter des Hygienikers Max von PettenkoferEllen Jahn.Richard J. Evans - 1995 - Isis 86 (3):508-508.
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  36.  4
    Roman Popular Culture. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (1):311-313.
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  37.  3
    Plutarch's Lives of Galba and Otho: A Companion. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1997 - Mnemosyne 50 (1):104-107.
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  38.  3
    The Cambridge Ancient History. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1998 - Mnemosyne 51 (4):489-497.
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  39.  2
    The Cambridge Ancient History. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1998 - Mnemosyne 51 (6):742-748.
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  40.  2
    The Second Punic War: A Reappraisal. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1998 - Mnemosyne 51 (2):246-249.
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  41.  1
    Lucullus, A Life. [REVIEW]Richard J. Evans - 1996 - Mnemosyne 49 (4):504-507.
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  42.  2
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Richard Evans - 2001 - Medical Humanities 27 (1):55.
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