Results for 'Richard E. Passingham'

999 found
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  1.  45
    Medial frontal cortex: from self-generated action to reflection on one's own performance.Hakwan C. Lau Richard E. Passingham, Sara L. Bengtsson - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):16.
  2.  66
    Medial frontal cortex: from self-generated action to reflection on one's own performance.Richard E. Passingham, Sara L. Bengtsson & Hakwan C. Lau - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):16-21.
  3. Free choice and the human brain.Richard E. Passingham & Hakwan C. Lau - 2006 - In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. pp. 53-72.
  4.  91
    Relative blindsight in normal observers and the neural correlate of visual consciousness.Hakwan C. Lau & Richard E. Passingham - 2006 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (49):18763-18768.
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  5.  9
    Memory or Attentional Selection?Richard E. Passingham & James B. Rowe - 2002 - In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press. pp. 221.
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  6.  12
    Computational Theories and Their Implementation in the Brain: The Legacy of David Marr.Lucia M. Vaina & Richard E. Passingham (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the late 1960s and early 1970s David Marr produced three astonishing papers in which he gave a detailed account of how the fine structure and known cell types of the cerebellum, hippocampus and neocortex perform the functions that they do. Marr went on to become one of the main founders of Computational Neuroscience. In his classic work 'Vision' he distinguished between the computational, algorithmic, and implementational levels, and the three early theories concerned implementation. However, they were produced when Neuroscience (...)
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  7. An Informal Internet Survey on the Current State of Consciousness Science.Matthias Michel, Stephen M. Fleming, Hakwan Lau, Alan L. F. Lee, Susana Martinez-Conde, Richard E. Passingham, Megan A. K. Peters, Dobromir Rahnev, Claire Sergent & Kayuet Liu - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    The scientific study of consciousness emerged as an organized field of research only a few decades ago. As empirical results have begun to enhance our understanding of consciousness, it is important to find out whether other factors, such as funding for consciousness research and status of consciousness scientists, provide a suitable environment for the field to grow and develop sustainably. We conducted an online survey on people’s views regarding various aspects of the scientific study of consciousness as a field of (...)
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  8.  10
    A Role for the Action Observation Network in Apraxia After Stroke.Gloria Pizzamiglio, Zuo Zhang, James Kolasinski, Jane M. Riddoch, Richard E. Passingham, Dante Mantini & Elisabeth Rounis - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  9.  60
    Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Psychological Review; Psychological Review 84 (3):231.
  10. Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment.Richard E. Nisbett & Lee Ross - 1980 - Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA: Prentice-Hall.
  11. Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (3):231-59.
    Reviews evidence which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive processes. Ss are sometimes unaware of the existence of a stimulus that importantly influenced a response, unaware of the existence of the response, and unaware that the stimulus has affected the response. It is proposed that when people attempt to report on their cognitive processes, that is, on the processes mediating the effects of a stimulus on a response, they do not do (...)
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  12.  86
    Culture and systems of thought: Holistic versus analytic cognition.Richard E. Nisbett, Kaiping Peng, Incheol Choi & Ara Norenzayan - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (2):291-310.
    The authors find East Asians to be holistic, attending to the entire field and assigning causality to it, making relatively little use of categories and formal logic, and relying on "dialectical" reasoning, whereas Westerners, are more analytic, paying attention primarily to the object and the categories to which it belongs and using rules, including formal logic, to understand its behavior. The 2 types of cognitive processes are embedded in different naive metaphysical systems and tacit epistemologies. The authors speculate that the (...)
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  13.  25
    Socrates' alleged suicide.Richard E. Walton - 1980 - Journal of Value Inquiry 14 (3-4):287-299.
  14.  23
    The Mercy Argument for Euthanasia: Some Logical Considerations.Richard E. Walton - 1993 - Public Affairs Quarterly 7 (1):71-84.
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  15.  54
    On the transfer of fitness from the cell to the multicellular organism.Richard E. Michod - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):967-987.
    The fitness of any evolutionary unit can be understood in terms of its two basic components: fecundity (reproduction) and viability (survival). Trade-offs between these fitness components drive the evolution of life-history traits in extant multicellular organisms. We argue that these trade-offs gain special significance during the transition from unicellular to multicellular life. In particular, the evolution of germ–soma specialization and the emergence of individuality at the cell group (or organism) level are also consequences of trade-offs between the two basic fitness (...)
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  16.  61
    Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind.Richard E. Aquila - 1985 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (1):159-170.
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  17.  23
    Depth-first iterative-deepening.Richard E. Korf - 1985 - Artificial Intelligence 27 (1):97-109.
  18. Artifacts: Parts and principles.Richard E. Grandy - 2007 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Creations of the Mind: Theories of Artifacts and Their Representaion. Oxford University Press. pp. 18--32.
     
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  19.  72
    The halo effect: Evidence for unconscious alteration of judgments.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35 (4):250-256.
    Staged 2 different videotaped interviews with the same individual—a college instructor who spoke English with a European accent. In one of the interviews the instructor was warm and friendly, in the other, cold and distant. 118 undergraduates were asked to evaluate the instructor. Ss who saw the warm instructor rated his appearance, mannerisms, and accent as appealing, whereas those who saw the cold instructor rated these attributes as irritating. Results indicate that global evaluations of a person can induce altered evaluations (...)
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  20.  27
    The weak truth table degrees of recursively enumerable sets.Richard E. Ladner & Leonard P. Sasso - 1975 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 8 (4):429-448.
  21. Rules for reasoning.Richard E. Nisbett (ed.) - 1993 - Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
    This book examines two questions: Do people make use of abstract rules such as logical and statistical rules when making inferences in everyday life? Can such abstract rules be changed by training? Contrary to the spirit of reductionist theories from behaviorism to connectionism, there is ample evidence that people do make use of abstract rules of inference -- including rules of logic, statistics, causal deduction, and cost-benefit analysis. Such rules, moreover, are easily alterable by instruction as it occurs in classrooms (...)
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  22.  28
    Hermeneutics.Richard E. Palmer - 1969 - Northwestern University Press.
    This classic, first published in 1969, introduces to English-speaking readers a field which is of increasing importance in contemporary philosophy and theology--hermeneutics, the theory of understanding, or interpretation. Richard E. Palmer, utilizing largely untranslated sources, treats principally of the conception of hermeneutics enunciated by Heidegger and developed into a "philosophical hermeneutics" by Hans-Georg Gadamer. He provides a brief overview of the field by surveying some half-dozen alternate definitions of the term and by examining in detail the contributions of Friedrich (...)
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  23.  17
    Real-time heuristic search.Richard E. Korf - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 42 (2-3):189-211.
  24. The Evolutionary Origin of Complex Features.Richard E. Lenski - 2003 - 423 (May):139–144.
    A long-standing challenge to evolutionary theory has been whether it can explain the origin of complex organismal features. We examined this issue using digital organisms—computer programs that self-replicate, mutate, compete and evolve. Populations of digital organisms often evolved the ability to perform complex logic functions requiring the coordinated execution of many genomic instructions. Complex functions evolved by building on simpler functions that had evolved earlier, provided that these were also selectively favoured. However, no particular intermediate stage was essential for evolving (...)
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  25.  15
    Linear-space best-first search.Richard E. Korf - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 62 (1):41-78.
  26.  8
    Planning as search: A quantitative approach.Richard E. Korf - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):65-88.
  27. Sartre's Other and The Field of Consciousness: A ‘Husserlian’ Reading.Richard E. Aquila - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):253-276.
  28.  46
    The use of statistical heuristics in everyday inductive reasoning.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Ziva Kunda - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (4):339-363.
  29.  58
    Sortals.Richard E. Grandy - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  30.  30
    Evolutionary transitions in individuality: multicellularity and sex.Richard E. Michod - 2011 - In Brett Calcott & Kim Sterelny (eds.), The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited. MIT Press. pp. 169--198.
    This chapter combines formal models of how the fitness of a collective can become decoupled from the fitness with more empirical work on the volvocine algae. It uses the Volvox clade as a model system. It describes the evolution of altruism in the volvocine green algae. This chapter suggests that altruism may evolve from genes involved in life-history trade-offs. It shows the several cooperation, conflict, and conflict mediation cycles in the volvocine green algae. This cycle of cooperation, conflict, and conflict (...)
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  31.  16
    Evolutionary causation: how proximate is ultimate?Richard E. Whalen - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):202-203.
  32.  73
    Philosophical grounds of rationality: intentions, categories, ends.Richard E. Grandy & Richard Warner (eds.) - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    H.P. Grice is known principally for his influential contributions to the philosophy of language, but his work also includes treatises on the philosophy of mind, ethics, and metaphysics--much of which is unpublished to date. This collection of original essays by such philosophers as Nancy Cartwright, Donald Davidson, Gilbert Harman, and P.F. Strawson demonstrates the unified and powerful character of Grice's thoughts on being, mind, meaning, and morals. An introductory essay by the editors provides the first overview of Grice's work.
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  33. An information processing framework for research on human reasoning.Richard E. Mayer & Russell Revlin - 1978 - In Russell Revlin & Richard E. Mayer (eds.), Human Reasoning. Distributed Solely by Halsted Press.
  34.  28
    Strips: A new approach to the application of theorem proving to problem solving.Richard E. Fikes & Nils J. Nilsson - 1971 - Artificial Intelligence 2 (3-4):189-208.
  35. Principles of health care ethics.Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.) - 2007 - Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition_is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the art introductions to (...)
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  36.  12
    Mindware: tools for smart thinking.Richard E. Nisbett - 2015 - New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
    Thinking about thought -- Everything's an inference -- Out of context or the situation -- The rational unconscious -- The formerly dismal science -- Should you think like an economist? -- Spilt milk and free lunch -- Foiling foibles -- Coding, counting, correlation, and causality -- Odds and Ns -- Linked up -- Experiments -- Ignore the hippo -- Experiments natural and experiments proper -- Eekonomics -- Don't ask, can't tell -- Thinking, straight and curved -- Logic -- Dialecticism -- (...)
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  37. Implications of Socio-Cultural Contexts for the Ethics of Clinical Trials.Richard E. Ashcroft, D. Chadwick, S. Clark, Richard H. T. Edwards & Lucy Frith - 1997 - Core Research.
     
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  38.  9
    Macro-operators: A weak method for learning.Richard E. Korf - 1985 - Artificial Intelligence 26 (1):35-77.
  39. Improving inductive inference.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Geoffrey T. Fong - 1982 - In Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.), Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  40.  29
    Child Workers, Globalization, and International Business Ethics.Richard E. Wokutch - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (4):615-640.
    Disputes regarding the ethics of work by children have intensified in recent years, with little resolution. The impasses stem from failure to recognize the diverse forms of child work and a lack of empirical research regarding its causes and consequences. We report on data gathered in Brazil’s export-oriented shoe industry, which is notorious for the employment of children. Central findings are: 1) the causes of child work have less to do with backwardness and more to do with how shoe workers (...)
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  41.  18
    Reinforcement, extinction, and spontaneous recovery in a non-Pavlovian reaction.Richard E. P. Youtz - 1938 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (4):305.
  42.  24
    The change with time of a Thorndikian response in the rat.Richard E. P. Youtz - 1938 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (2):128.
  43.  15
    Autobiographical memory in dysphoric and non‐dysphoric college students using a computerised version of the AMT.Richard E. Zinbarg, Kathleen Newcomb Rekart & Susan Mineka - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (3-4):506-515.
  44.  11
    Disjoint pattern database heuristics.Richard E. Korf & Ariel Felner - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 134 (1-2):9-22.
  45.  84
    Intentionality: A Study Of Mental Acts.Richard E. Aquila - 1976 - Penn St University Press.
    This book is a critical and analytical survey of the major attempts, in modern philosophy, to deal with the phenomenon of intentionality—those of Descartes, Brentano, Meinong, Husserl, Frege, Russell, Bergmann, Chisholm, and Sellars. By coordinating the semantical approaches to the phenomenon, Dr. Aquila undertakes to provide a basis for dialogue among philosophers of different persuasions. "Intentionality" has become, since Franz Brentano revived its original medieval use, the standard term describing the mind's apparently paradoxical capacity to relate itself to objects existing (...)
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  46.  14
    Bioethics and conflicts of interest.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):155-165.
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  47.  9
    Toward a model of representation changes.Richard E. Korf - 1980 - Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):41-78.
  48.  31
    Must Managers Leave Ethics at Home? Economics and Moral Anomie in Business Organisations.Richard Mckenna & Eva E. Tsahuridu - 2001 - Philosophy of Management 1 (3):67-76.
    Why is it that some business managers appear to behave differently in private and at work? How, if at all, are the decisions managers make affected by the nature of their organisations? What impact do organisational values have on the moral autonomy of managers? A research project into these questions is now under way in three disparate Australian business firms and this paper sets out the premise underlying it. For purposes of research the general premise is that the moral character (...)
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  49. Truth and Historicity.Richard Campbell, Lawrence E. Johnson, Luiz F. Moreno, Dorothy Grover, Anil Gupta & Nuel Belnap - 1992 - Studia Logica 53 (4):582-586.
  50.  28
    Mitotic recursively enumerable sets.Richard E. Ladner - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):199-211.
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