Results for 'Richard B. McKenzie'

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  1.  30
    The economic dimensions of ethical behavior.Richard B. McKenzie - 1977 - Ethics 87 (3):208-221.
  2. Corporate failure as a means to corporate responsibility.Dwight R. Lee & Richard B. McKenzie - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (12):969 - 978.
    Milton Friedman has argued that corporations have no responsibility to society beyond that of obeying the law and maximizing profits for shareholders. Individuals may have social responsibilities according to Friedman, but not corporations.When executives make contributions to address social problems in the name of the corporation, they are doing so with other people''s (shareholders'') money. The responsibility of corporate executives is a fiduciary one, to serve as an agent for the corporation''s shareholders, and to uphold shareholders'' trust, which requires executives (...)
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  3.  46
    The Jónsson-Kiefer Property.Kira Adaricheva, Ralph Mckenzie, Eric Richard Zenk, M. Mar & James B. Nation - 2006 - Studia Logica 83 (1-3):111-131.
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  4.  6
    Recognition memory of letter and nonletter configurations matched for imagery.Jessie Wong & Richard B. May - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (2):162-164.
    Some researchers have concluded that nonverbal recognition is generally superior to verbal recognition memory performance. The present study involved two experiments designed to assess claims of superior nonverbal memory. Experiment 1 compared performance for letter (common words) and nonletter (meaningful line drawings) items with matched high-imagery values. Experiment 2 compared performance for matched low-imagery items consisting of letters (pseudowords) and nonletter items (geometric matrices). Performance did not differ significantly between verbal and nonverbal items in either experiment, although the expected effects (...)
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  5. A theory of the good and the right.Richard B. Brandt - 1979 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    What system of morals should rational people select as the best for society? Using a contemporary psychological theory of action and of motivation, Richard Brandt's Oxford lectures argue that the purpose of living should be to strive for the greatest good for the largest number of people. Brandt's discussions range from the concept of welfare to conflict between utilitarian moral codes and the dictates of self-interest.
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  6. Ethical theory.Richard B. Brandt - 1959 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
  7. A Theory of the Good and the Right.Richard B. Brandt - 1979 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 35 (2):307-310.
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  8. A Theory of the Good and the Right.Richard B. Brandt - 1979 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 44 (1):181-182.
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  9. A Theory of the Good and the Right.Richard B. Brandt - 1979 - Philosophy 55 (213):412-414.
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  10.  6
    Knowledge, action, and the frame problem.Richard B. Scherl & Hector J. Levesque - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence 144 (1-2):1-39.
  11.  16
    Elective Impairment Minus Elective Disability: The Social Model of Disability and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):145-155.
    Individuals with body integrity identity disorder seek to address a non-delusional incongruity between their body image and their physical embodiment, sometimes via the surgical amputation of healthy body parts. Opponents to the provision of therapeutic healthy-limb amputation in cases of BIID make appeals to the envisioned harms that such an intervention would cause, harms such as the creation of a lifelong physical disability where none existed before. However, this concept of harm is often based on a normative biomedical model of (...)
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  12.  16
    Elective Impairment Minus Elective Disability: The Social Model of Disability and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):145-155.
    Individuals with body integrity identity disorder seek to address a non-delusional incongruity between their body image and their physical embodiment, sometimes via the surgical amputation of healthy body parts. Opponents to the provision of therapeutic healthy-limb amputation in cases of BIID make appeals to the envisioned harms that such an intervention would cause, harms such as the creation of a lifelong physical disability where none existed before. However, this concept of harm is often based on a normative biomedical model of (...)
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  13.  13
    Elective Impairment Minus Elective Disability: The Social Model of Disability and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):145-155.
    Individuals with body integrity identity disorder seek to address a non-delusional incongruity between their body image and their physical embodiment, sometimes via the surgical amputation of healthy body parts. Opponents to the provision of therapeutic healthy-limb amputation in cases of BIID make appeals to the envisioned harms that such an intervention would cause, harms such as the creation of a lifelong physical disability where none existed before. However, this concept of harm is often based on a normative biomedical model of (...)
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  14.  12
    Elective Impairment Minus Elective Disability: The Social Model of Disability and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):145-155.
    Individuals with body integrity identity disorder seek to address a non-delusional incongruity between their body image and their physical embodiment, sometimes via the surgical amputation of healthy body parts. Opponents to the provision of therapeutic healthy-limb amputation in cases of BIID make appeals to the envisioned harms that such an intervention would cause, harms such as the creation of a lifelong physical disability where none existed before. However, this concept of harm is often based on a normative biomedical model of (...)
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  15.  59
    The Complete Works of Chuang-tzu.Richard B. Mather, Burton Watson & Chuang-tzu - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (2):334.
  16.  18
    Desirability of Difference: Georges Canguilhem and Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Richard B. Gibson - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (6):711-722.
    Opponents of the provision of therapeutic, healthy limb amputation in Body Integrity Identity Disorder cases argue that such surgeries stand in contrast to the goal of medical practice – that of health restoration and maintenance. This paper refutes such a conclusion via an appeal to the nuanced and reflective model of health proposed by Georges Canguilhem. The paper examines the conceptual entanglement of the statistically common with the normatively desirable, arguing that a healthy body can take multiple forms, including that (...)
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  17.  55
    Dedicated and intrinsic models of time perception.Richard B. Ivry & John E. Schlerf - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (7):273-280.
  18.  17
    Elective amputation and neuroprosthetic limbs.Richard B. Gibson - 2021 - The New Bioethics 27 (1):30-45.
    This paper explores the impact that developments in the field of neuroprosthetics will have on the ethical viability of healthy limb amputation, specifically in cases of Body Integrity Identity Dis...
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  19.  44
    Body integrity dysphoria and medical necessity: Amputation as a step towards health.Richard B. Gibson - 2023 - Clinical Ethics (3):321-329.
    Interventions are medically necessary when they are vital in achieving the goal of medicine. However, with varying perspectives comes varying views on what interventions are (un)necessary and, thus, what potential treatment options are available for those suffering from the myriad of conditions, pathologies and disorders afflicting humanity. Medical necessity's teleological nature is perhaps best illustrated in cases where there is debate over using contentious medical interventions as a last resort. For example, whether it is appropriate for those suffering from body (...)
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  20. Morality, utilitarianism, and rights.Richard B. Brandt - 1992 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Brandt is one of the most eminent and influential of contemporary moral philosophers. His work has been concerned with how to justify what is good or right not by reliance on intuitions or theories about what moral words mean but by the explanation of moral psychology and the description of what it is to value something, or to think it immoral. His approach thus stands in marked contrast to the influential theories of John Rawls. The essays reprinted in (...)
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  21.  11
    Is humanitys survival really that important?Richard B. Gibson - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (1):28-28.
    In her paper, Robinson asserts that if one is convinced by the arguments assigning personhood according to a threshold criterion, one should also be open to the potential for a secondary personhood threshold, satisfied when one is pregnant, which confers temporary enhanced moral status. Rather than grounding such a claim on a fetus’s possession, or lack thereof, of personhood, Robinson argues that the pregnant person’s status as a ‘unique being’ is enough to satisfy the requirements of such an additional personhood (...)
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  22.  14
    An Immortal Ghost in the Machine?Richard B. Gibson - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (2):81-83.
    In their paper, Hildt (2023) surveys several socio-ethical and regulatory issues arising from research into, and the potential emergence of, artificial consciousness—synthetic beings with a claim t...
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  23.  20
    The cryonic refugee: appropriate analogy or confusing rhetoric?Richard B. Gibson - 2022 - The New Bioethics 28 (2):97-115.
    Cryopreservation presents the possibility of circumventing irreversible death through the body’s extreme cooling. Once cooled, this ‘cryon’ is then stored at sub-zero temperatures until medical kno...
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  24.  66
    Ethical Theory: The Problems of Normative and Critical Ethics.Richard B. Brandt - 1959 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,: Prentice-Hall.
  25.  19
    Reasoning and logic.Richard B. Angell - 1964 - New York,: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
  26. Actual Rule Utilitarianism.Richard B. Miller - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (1):5-28.
  27.  20
    Is Suffering the Enemy?Richard B. Gunderman - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (2):40-44.
    The relief of suffering is the great goal of medicine. That physicians give up on suffering when they can do nothing about the underlying condition is one of the contemporary criticisms of medicine. Yet even in irremediable suffering there is something noble, to which physicians should attend.
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  28. Facts, values, and morality.Richard B. Brandt - 1996 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Brandt is one of the most influential moral philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century. He is especially important in the field of ethics for his lucid and systematic exposition of utilitarianism. This new book represents in some ways a summation of his views and includes many useful applications of his theory. The focus of the book is how value judgments and moral belief can be justified. More generally, the book assesses different moral systems and theories (...)
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  29. The Principlism Debate: A Critical Overview.Richard B. Davis - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1):85-105.
    Clouser and Gert’s 'A Critique of Principlism’ (1990) has ignited debate over the adequacy of substituting principlism for moral theory as a means for dealing with biomedical dilemmas. Clouser and Gert argue that this sort of substitution is not adequate to the task. I examine their argument in light of recent defences of principlism on this score, those of B. Andrew Lustig (1992), David Degrazia (1992), and Beauchamp and Childress (1994). I argue that both sides in the debate have assumed (...)
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  30.  82
    Traits of Character: A Conceptual Analysis.Richard B. Brandt - 1970 - American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (1):23 - 37.
  31.  67
    The consistency of the axiom of comprehension in the infinite-valued predicate logic of łukasiewicz.Richard B. White - 1979 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):509 - 534.
  32.  48
    The Epistemology of Plea Bargaining.Richard B. Miller - 2020 - Social Epistemology 34 (5):501-512.
    Systems-oriented social epistemology, studies epistemic systems in which individuals work together to determine the epistemic status (true, justified, true beyond a reasonable doubt, e...
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  33.  27
    Homoeotic mutants and evolution.Richard B. Goldschmidt - 1952 - Acta Biotheoretica 10 (1-2):87-104.
  34.  62
    Dog bites man: A defence of modal realism.Richard B. Miller - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (4):476 – 478.
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  35.  46
    Intergenerational Justice and the Chain of Obligation.Richard B. Howarth - 1992 - Environmental Values 1 (2):133-140.
    The actions and decisions taken by the present generation will affect not only the welfare but also the composition of future generations. A number of authors have used this fact to bolster the conclusion that the present is only weakly obligated to provide for future welfare since in choosing between futures of poverty and abundance, we are not deciding the welfare of a well-defined group of future persons but instead deciding which set of potential persons – the poor or the (...)
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  36.  28
    Synthesizing Methuselah: The Question of Artificial Agelessness.Richard B. Gibson - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (1):60-75.
    As biological organisms, we age and, eventually, die. However, age’s deteriorating effects may not be universal. Some theoretical entities, due to their synthetic composition, could exist independently from aging—artificial general intelligence (AGI). With adequate resource access, an AGI could theoretically be ageless and would be, in some sense, immortal. Yet, this need not be inevitable. Designers could imbue AGIs with artificial mortality via an internal shut-off point. The question, though, is, should they? Should researchers curtail an AGI’s potentially endless lifespan (...)
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  37.  74
    A purely causal solution to one of the qua problems.Richard B. Miller - 1992 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70 (4):425 – 434.
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  38. Moral valuation.Richard B. Brandt - 1945 - Ethics 56 (2):106-121.
  39.  11
    Corporate social responsibility and employee attitudes: The moderating role of employee age.Richard B. Nyuur, Daniel F. Ofori, Majoreen O. Amankwah & Kwame Amin Baffoe - 2021 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 31 (1):100-117.
    Business Ethics, the Environment & Responsibility, EarlyView.
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  40.  13
    Media Multitasking Is Associated With Higher Body Mass Index in Pre-adolescent Children.Richard B. Lopez, John Brand & Diane Gilbert-Diamond - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  41. A utilitarian theory of excuses.Richard B. Brandt - 1969 - Philosophical Review 78 (3):337-361.
    The article explains a rule-Utilitarian normative thesis about when actions are morally excused; that an act otherwise morally objectionable in some way is excused if a moral system, The acceptance of which in the agent's society would be utility-Maximizing, Would not condemn it. What is meant by a "moral system condemning" an action is explained. The parallel between this moral thesis and the benthamite theory of criminal justice is developed. It is argued that this rule-Utilitarian thesis implies that an action (...)
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  42.  1
    Full Employment: The History of a Receding Target.Richard B. Duboff - 1977 - Politics and Society 7 (1):1-25.
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  43.  39
    Hopi ethics.Richard B. Brandt - 1954 - [Chicago]: University of Chicago Press.
  44. Hopi Ethics a Theoretical Analysis.Richard B. Brandt - 1954 - University of Chicago Press.
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  45.  20
    Psychedelics as a Holistic Cognitive Enhancement.Richard B. Gibson - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (4):355-357.
    In their study, Dasgupta et al. interviewed seven Indian-based experts to gauge their views on using cognitive enhancement (CE) technologies from a low-and-middle-income country perspective. Specif...
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  46.  65
    Genuine modal realism: Still the only non-circular game in town.Richard B. Miller - 1993 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):159 – 160.
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  47.  51
    Supervenience is a two-way street.Richard B. Miller - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (12):695-701.
  48.  29
    Supervenience Is a Two-Way Street.Richard B. Miller - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (12):695.
  49.  48
    There is nothing magical about possible worlds.Richard B. Miller - 1990 - Mind 99 (395):453-457.
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  50. The definition of an "ideal observer" theory in ethics.Richard B. Brandt - 1954 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (3):407-413.
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