79 found
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  1.  36
    Degree spectra and computable dimensions in algebraic structures.Denis R. Hirschfeldt, Bakhadyr Khoussainov, Richard A. Shore & Arkadii M. Slinko - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 115 (1-3):71-113.
    Whenever a structure with a particularly interesting computability-theoretic property is found, it is natural to ask whether similar examples can be found within well-known classes of algebraic structures, such as groups, rings, lattices, and so forth. One way to give positive answers to this question is to adapt the original proof to the new setting. However, this can be an unnecessary duplication of effort, and lacks generality. Another method is to code the original structure into a structure in the given (...)
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  2.  49
    Combinatorial principles weaker than Ramsey's Theorem for pairs.Denis R. Hirschfeldt & Richard A. Shore - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (1):171-206.
    We investigate the complexity of various combinatorial theorems about linear and partial orders, from the points of view of computability theory and reverse mathematics. We focus in particular on the principles ADS (Ascending or Descending Sequence), which states that every infinite linear order has either an infinite descending sequence or an infinite ascending sequence, and CAC (Chain-AntiChain), which states that every infinite partial order has either an infinite chain or an infinite antichain. It is well-known that Ramsey's Theorem for pairs (...)
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  3.  39
    Computable Models of Theories with Few Models.Bakhadyr Khoussainov, Andre Nies & Richard A. Shore - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (2):165-178.
    In this paper we investigate computable models of -categorical theories and Ehrenfeucht theories. For instance, we give an example of an -categorical but not -categorical theory such that all the countable models of except its prime model have computable presentations. We also show that there exists an -categorical but not -categorical theory such that all the countable models of except the saturated model, have computable presentations.
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  4.  57
    Pseudo-Jump Operators. II: Transfinite Iterations, Hierarchies and Minimal Covers.Carl G. Jockusch & Richard A. Shore - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1205 - 1236.
  5.  31
    Degrees of Categoricity and the Hyperarithmetic Hierarchy.Barbara F. Csima, Johanna N. Y. Franklin & Richard A. Shore - 2013 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 54 (2):215-231.
    We study arithmetic and hyperarithmetic degrees of categoricity. We extend a result of E. Fokina, I. Kalimullin, and R. Miller to show that for every computable ordinal $\alpha$, $\mathbf{0}^{}$ is the degree of categoricity of some computable structure $\mathcal{A}$. We show additionally that for $\alpha$ a computable successor ordinal, every degree $2$-c.e. in and above $\mathbf{0}^{}$ is a degree of categoricity. We further prove that every degree of categoricity is hyperarithmetic and show that the index set of structures with degrees (...)
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  6.  41
    Then-rea enumeration degrees are dense.Alistair H. Lachlan & Richard A. Shore - 1992 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 31 (4):277-285.
  7.  62
    Computably categorical structures and expansions by constants.Peter Cholak, Sergey Goncharov, Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Richard A. Shore - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (1):13-37.
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  8.  47
    Computable isomorphisms, degree spectra of relations, and Scott families.Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Richard A. Shore - 1998 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 93 (1-3):153-193.
    The spectrum of a relation on a computable structure is the set of Turing degrees of the image of R under all isomorphisms between and any other computable structure . The relation is intrinsically computably enumerable if its image under all such isomorphisms is c.e. We prove that any computable partially ordered set is isomorphic to the spectrum of an intrinsically c.e. relation on a computable structure. Moreover, the isomorphism can be constructed in such a way that the image of (...)
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  9.  14
    Reducibility orderings: Theories, definability and automorphisms.Anil Nerode & Richard A. Shore - 1980 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 18 (1):61-89.
  10.  12
    A non-inversion theorem for the jump operator.Richard A. Shore - 1988 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 40 (3):277-303.
  11.  35
    Working below a low2 recursively enumerably degree.Richard A. Shore & Theodore A. Slaman - 1990 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 29 (3):201-211.
  12.  32
    Countable thin Π01 classes.Douglas Cenzer, Rodney Downey, Carl Jockusch & Richard A. Shore - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59 (2):79-139.
    Cenzer, D., R. Downey, C. Jockusch and R.A. Shore, Countable thin Π01 classes, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59 79–139. A Π01 class P {0, 1}ω is thin if every Π01 subclass of P is the intersection of P with some clopen set. Countable thin Π01 classes are constructed having arbitrary recursive Cantor- Bendixson rank. A thin Π01 class P is constructed with a unique nonisolated point A and furthermore A is of degree 0’. It is shown that no (...)
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  13. Reverse mathematics: the playground of logic.Richard A. Shore - 2010 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):378-402.
    This paper is essentially the author's Gödel Lecture at the ASL Logic Colloquium '09 in Sofia extended and supplemented by material from some other papers. After a brief description of traditional reverse mathematics, a computational approach to is presented. There are then discussions of some interactions between reverse mathematics and the major branches of mathematical logic in terms of the techniques they supply as well as theorems for analysis. The emphasis here is on ones that lie outside the usual main (...)
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  14.  61
    Highness and bounding minimal pairs.Rodney G. Downey, Steffen Lempp & Richard A. Shore - 1993 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):475-491.
  15.  43
    Working below a high recursively enumerable degree.Richard A. Shore & Theodore A. Slaman - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (3):824-859.
  16.  67
    The prospects for mathematical logic in the twenty-first century.Samuel R. Buss, Alexander S. Kechris, Anand Pillay & Richard A. Shore - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):169-196.
    The four authors present their speculations about the future developments of mathematical logic in the twenty-first century. The areas of recursion theory, proof theory and logic for computer science, model theory, and set theory are discussed independently.
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  17.  50
    Π 1 1 relations and paths through.Sergey S. Goncharov, Valentina S. Harizanov, Julia F. Knight & Richard A. Shore - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (2):585-611.
  18.  29
    Controlling the dependence degree of a recursive enumerable vector space.Richard A. Shore - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (1):13-22.
  19.  38
    Direct and local definitions of the Turing jump.Richard A. Shore - 2007 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):229-262.
    We show that there are Π5 formulas in the language of the Turing degrees, [Formula: see text], with ≤, ∨ and ∧, that define the relations x″ ≤ y″, x″ = y″ and so {x ∈ L2 = x ≥ y|x″ = y″} in any jump ideal containing 0. There are also Σ6&Π6 and Π8 formulas that define the relations w = x″ and w = x', respectively, in any such ideal [Formula: see text]. In the language with just ≤ (...)
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  20.  98
    The maximal linear extension theorem in second order arithmetic.Alberto Marcone & Richard A. Shore - 2011 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (5-6):543-564.
    We show that the maximal linear extension theorem for well partial orders is equivalent over RCA0 to ATR0. Analogously, the maximal chain theorem for well partial orders is equivalent to ATR0 over RCA0.
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  21.  58
    The theory of the recursively enumerable weak truth-table degrees is undecidable.Klaus Ambos-Spies, André Nies & Richard A. Shore - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (3):864-874.
    We show that the partial order of Σ0 3-sets under inclusion is elementarily definable with parameters in the semilattice of r.e. wtt-degrees. Using a result of E. Herrmann, we can deduce that this semilattice has an undecidable theory, thereby solving an open problem of P. Odifreddi.
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  22.  15
    Minimal α-degrees.Richard A. Shore - 1972 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 4 (4):393-414.
  23.  41
    On homogeneity and definability in the first-order theory of the Turing degrees.Richard A. Shore - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (1):8-16.
  24.  31
    Recursion theory.Anil Nerode & Richard A. Shore (eds.) - 1985 - Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society.
    iterations of REA operators, as well as extensions, generalizations and other applications are given in [6] while those for the ...
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  25.  30
    Undecidability and 1-types in the recursively enumerable degrees.Klaus Ambos-Spies & Richard A. Shore - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 63 (1):3-37.
    Ambos-Spies, K. and R.A. Shore, Undecidability and 1-types in the recursively enumerable degrees, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 63 3–37. We show that the theory of the partial ordering of recursively enumerable Turing degrees is undecidable and has uncountably many 1-types. In contrast to the original proof of the former which used a very complicated O''' argument our proof proceeds by a much simpler infinite injury argument. Moreover, it combines with the permitting technique to get similar results for any (...)
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  26. Nowhere simple sets and the lattice of recursively enumerable sets.Richard A. Shore - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (2):322-330.
  27. A computably categorical structure whose expansion by a constant has infinite computable dimension.Denis R. Hirschfeldt, Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Richard A. Shore - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1199-1241.
    Cholak, Goncharov, Khoussainov, and Shore [1] showed that for each k > 0 there is a computably categorical structure whose expansion by a constant has computable dimension k. We show that the same is true with k replaced by ω. Our proof uses a version of Goncharov's method of left and right operations.
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  28.  48
    Topological aspects of the Medvedev lattice.Andrew Em Lewis, Richard A. Shore & Andrea Sorbi - 2011 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (3-4):319-340.
    We study the Medvedev degrees of mass problems with distinguished topological properties, such as denseness, closedness, or discreteness. We investigate the sublattices generated by these degrees; the prime ideal generated by the dense degrees and its complement, a prime filter; the filter generated by the nonzero closed degrees and the filter generated by the nonzero discrete degrees. We give a complete picture of the relationships of inclusion holding between these sublattices, these filters, and this ideal. We show that the sublattice (...)
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  29.  69
    Degree theoretic definitions of the low2 recursively enumerable sets.Rod Downey & Richard A. Shore - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (3):727 - 756.
  30. Σn sets which are Δn-incomparable.Richard A. Shore - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):295 - 304.
  31. Definability in the recursively enumerable degrees.André Nies, Richard A. Shore & Theodore A. Slaman - 1996 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):392-404.
    §1. Introduction. Natural sets that can be enumerated by a computable function always seem to be either actually computable or of the same complexity as the Halting Problem, the complete r.e. set K. The obvious question, first posed in Post [1944] and since then called Post's Problem is then just whether there are r.e. sets which are neither computable nor complete, i.e., neither recursive nor of the same Turing degree as K?Let be the r.e. degrees, i.e., the r.e. sets modulo (...)
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  32. Degree structures: Local and global investigations.Richard A. Shore - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (3):369-389.
    The occasion of a retiring presidential address seems like a time to look back, take stock and perhaps look ahead.Institutionally, it was an honor to serve as President of the Association and I want to thank my teachers and predecessors for guidance and advice and my fellow officers and our publisher for their work and support. To all of the members who answered my calls to chair or serve on this or that committee, I offer my thanks as well. Your (...)
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  33.  16
    Interpreting true arithmetic in the theory of the r.e. truth table degrees.André Nies & Richard A. Shore - 1995 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 75 (3):269-311.
    We show that the elementary theory of the recursively enumerable tt-degrees has the same computational complexity as true first-order arithmetic. As auxiliary results, we prove theorems about exact pairs and initial segments in the tt-degrees.
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  34.  10
    Some More Minimal Pairs of α‐Recursively Enumerable Degrees.Richard A. Shore - 1978 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 24 (25‐30):409-418.
  35.  34
    Some More Minimal Pairs of α-Recursively Enumerable Degrees.Richard A. Shore - 1978 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 24 (25-30):409-418.
  36.  16
    Conservativity of ultrafilters over subsystems of second order arithmetic.Antonio Montalbán & Richard A. Shore - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (2):740-765.
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  37.  46
    Boolean Algebras, Tarski Invariants, and Index Sets.Barbara F. Csima, Antonio Montalbán & Richard A. Shore - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (1):1-23.
    Tarski defined a way of assigning to each Boolean algebra, B, an invariant inv(B) ∈ In, where In is a set of triples from ℕ, such that two Boolean algebras have the same invariant if and only if they are elementarily equivalent. Moreover, given the invariant of a Boolean algebra, there is a computable procedure that decides its elementary theory. If we restrict our attention to dense Boolean algebras, these invariants determine the algebra up to isomorphism. In this paper we (...)
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  38. The n-r.E. Degrees: Undecidability and σ1 substructures.Mingzhong Cai, Richard A. Shore & Theodore A. Slaman - 2012 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 12 (1):1250005-.
    We study the global properties of [Formula: see text], the Turing degrees of the n-r.e. sets. In Theorem 1.5, we show that the first order of [Formula: see text] is not decidable. In Theorem 1.6, we show that for any two n and m with n < m, [Formula: see text] is not a Σ1-substructure of [Formula: see text].
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  39.  20
    Halin’s infinite ray theorems: Complexity and reverse mathematics.James S. Barnes, Jun Le Goh & Richard A. Shore - forthcoming - Journal of Mathematical Logic.
    Halin in 1965 proved that if a graph has [Formula: see text] many pairwise disjoint rays for each [Formula: see text] then it has infinitely many pairwise disjoint rays. We analyze the complexity of this and other similar results in terms of computable and proof theoretic complexity. The statement of Halin’s theorem and the construction proving it seem very much like standard versions of compactness arguments such as König’s Lemma. Those results, while not computable, are relatively simple. They only use (...)
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  40.  33
    Types of simple α-recursively enumerable sets.Anne Leggett & Richard A. Shore - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (3):681-694.
  41. A computably stable structure with no Scott family of finitary formulas.Peter Cholak, Richard A. Shore & Reed Solomon - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (5):519-538.
  42.  36
    Interpolating d-r.e. and REA degrees between r.e. degrees.Marat Arslanov, Steffen Lempp & Richard A. Shore - 1996 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 78 (1-3):29-56.
    We provide three new results about interpolating 2-r.e. or 2-REA degrees between given r.e. degrees: Proposition 1.13. If c h are r.e. , c is low and h is high, then there is an a h which is REA in c but not r.e. Theorem 2.1. For all high r.e. degrees h g there is a properly d-r.e. degree a such that h a g and a is r.e. in h . Theorem 3.1. There is an incomplete nonrecursive r.e. A (...)
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  43.  30
    Undecidability and initial segments of the (r.E.) TT-Degrees.Christine Ann Haught & Richard A. Shore - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):987-1006.
  44.  30
    Conjectures and questions from Gerald Sacks's Degrees of Unsolvability.Richard A. Shore - 1997 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 36 (4-5):233-253.
    We describe the important role that the conjectures and questions posed at the end of the two editions of Gerald Sacks's Degrees of Unsolvability have had in the development of recursion theory over the past thirty years.
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  45. Decomposition and infima in the computably enumerable degrees.Rodney G. Downey, Geoffrey L. Laforte & Richard A. Shore - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (2):551-579.
    Given two incomparable c.e. Turing degrees a and b, we show that there exists a c.e. degree c such that c = (a ⋃ c) ⋂ (b ⋃ c), a ⋃ c | b ⋃ c, and c < a ⋃ b.
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  46. The reviews.Richard A. Shore - 2003 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 9 (1):1-2.
  47.  39
    Domination, forcing, array nonrecursiveness and relative recursive enumerability.Mingzhong Cai & Richard A. Shore - 2012 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (1):33-48.
    We present some abstract theorems showing how domination properties equivalent to being $\overline{GL}_{2}$ or array nonrecursive can be used to construct sets generic for different notions of forcing. These theorems are then applied to give simple proofs of some known results. We also give a direct uniform proof of a recent result of Ambos-Spies, Ding, Wang, and Yu [2009] that every degree above any in $\overline{GL}_{2}$ is recursively enumerable in a 1-generic degree strictly below it. Our major new result is (...)
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  48.  26
    Undecidability and 1-types in intervals of the computably enumerable degrees.Klaus Ambos-Spies, Denis R. Hirschfeldt & Richard A. Shore - 2000 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 106 (1-3):1-47.
    We show that the theory of the partial ordering of the computably enumerable degrees in any given nontrivial interval is undecidable and has uncountably many 1-types.
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  49.  9
    Theorems of hyperarithmetic analysis and almost theorems of hyperarithmetic analysis.James S. Barnes, Jun le Goh & Richard A. Shore - 2022 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 28 (1):133-149.
    Theorems of hyperarithmetic analysis occupy an unusual neighborhood in the realms of reverse mathematics and recursion-theoretic complexity. They lie above all the fixed iterations of the Turing jump but below ATR $_{0}$. There is a long history of proof-theoretic principles which are THAs. Until the papers reported on in this communication, there was only one mathematical example. Barnes, Goh, and Shore [1] analyze an array of ubiquity theorems in graph theory descended from Halin’s [9] work on rays in graphs. They (...)
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  50.  25
    The Settling-Time Reducibility Ordering.Barbara F. Csima & Richard A. Shore - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (3):1055 - 1071.
    To each computable enumerable (c.e.) set A with a particular enumeration {As}s∈ω, there is associated a settling function mA(x), where mA(x) is the last stage when a number less than or equal to x was enumerated into A. One c.e. set A is settling time dominated by another set B (B >st A) if for every computable function f, for all but finitely many x, mB(x) > f(m₄(x)). This settling-time ordering, which is a natural extension to an ordering of the (...)
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