Results for 'Reuben J. Stern'

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  1. Stakeholder Theory and Media Management: Ethical Framework for News Company Executives.Reuben J. Stern - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (1):51 – 65.
    Contrary to stockholder theories that place the interests of profit-seeking owners above all else, stakeholder theorists argue that corporate executives have moral and ethical obligations to consider equally the interests of a wide range of stakeholders affected by the actions of a corporation. This paper argues that the stakeholder approach is particularly appropriate for the governance of news media companies and outlines an ethical framework to guide news company executives.
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  2. J. Reuben Clark.J. Reuben Clark & David H. Yarn - 1987
     
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  3.  9
    Bernhard J. Stern.Corliss Lamont - 1957 - Science and Society 21 (1):3 - 6.
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  4.  6
    Effect of Amount and Distribution of Warming-Up Activity on Retention in Motor Learning.Reuben J. Silver - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (2):88.
  5.  35
    Should We Discount the Welfare of Future Generations? : Ramsey and Suppes Versus Koopmans and Arrow.Graciela Chichilnisky, Peter J. Hammond & Nicholas Stern - unknown
    Ramsey famously pronounced that discounting “future enjoyments” would be ethically indefensible. Suppes enunciated an equity criterion implying that all individuals’ welfare should be treated equally. By contrast, Arrow accepted, perhaps rather reluctantly, the logical force of Koopmans’ argument that no satisfactory preference ordering on a sufficiently unrestricted domain of infinite utility streams satisfies equal treatment. In this paper, we first derive an equitable utilitarian objective based on a version of the Vickrey–Harsanyi original position, extended to allow a variable and uncertain (...)
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  6.  8
    Specificity Within the EGF Family/ErbB Receptor Family Signaling Network.David J. Riese & David F. Stern - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (1):41-48.
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  7.  12
    Fundamental Utilitarianism and Intergenerational Equity with Extinction Discounting.Graciela Chichilnisky, Peter J. Hammond & Nicholas Stern - forthcoming - Social Choice and Welfare.
    Ramsey famously condemned discounting “future enjoyments” as “ethically indefensible”. Suppes enunciated an equity criterion which, when social choice is utilitarian, implies giving equal weight to all individuals’ utilities. By contrast, Arrow accepted, perhaps reluctantly, what he called Koopmans’ :287–309, 1960) “strong argument” implying that no equitable preference ordering exists for a sufficiently unrestricted domain of infinite utility streams. Here we derive an equitable utilitarian objective for a finite population based on a version of the Vickrey–Harsanyi original position, where there is (...)
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  8.  37
    A New Global Deal on Climate Change.Cameron J. Hepburn & Nicholas Stern - 2008 - Oxford Review of Economic Policy.
    A global target of stabilizing greenhouse-gas concentrations at between 450 and 550 parts per million carbon-dioxide equivalent has proven robust to recent developments in the science and economics of climate change. Retrospective analysis of the Stern Review suggests that the risks were underestimated, indicating a stabilization target closer to 450 ppm CO2e. Climate policy at the international level is now moving rapidly towards agreeing an emissions pathway, and distributing responsibilities between countries. A feasible framework can be constructed in which (...)
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  9.  5
    Review: David Marker, J. Stern, Degrees of Models of True Arithmetic; Julia Knight, Alistair H. Lachlan, Robert I. Soare, Two Theorems on Degrees of Models of True Arithmetic. [REVIEW]Terrence S. Millar - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):562-563.
  10.  15
    Arthur F. Smullyan 1912-1998.Robert J. Matthews & Laurent Stern - 1999 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 72 (5):216 - 217.
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  11.  13
    In Memory of Bernhard J. Stern.Robert K. Merton - 1957 - Science and Society 21 (1):7 - 9.
  12. Antireductionist Interventionism.Reuben Stern & Benjamin Eva - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Kim’s causal exclusion argument purports to demonstrate that the non-reductive physicalist must treat mental properties (and macro-level properties in general) as causally inert. A number of authors have attempted to resist Kim’s conclusion by utilizing the conceptual resources of Woodward’s (2005) interventionist conception of causation. The viability of these responses has been challenged by Gebharter (2017a), who argues that the causal exclusion argument is vindicated by the theory of causal Bayesian networks (CBNs). Since the interventionist conception of causation relies crucially (...)
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  13.  91
    A Causal Understanding of When and When Not to Jeffrey Conditionalize.Ben Schwan & Reuben Stern - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    There are cases of ineffable learning — i. e., cases where an agent learns something, but becomes certain of nothing that she can express — where it is rational to update by Jeffrey conditionalization. But there are likewise cases of ineffable learning where updating by Jeffrey conditionalization is irrational. In this paper, we first characterize a novel class of cases where it is irrational to update by Jeffrey conditionalization. Then we use the d-separation criterion to develop a causal understanding of (...)
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  14. The Johannine Synopsis of the Gospels.H. F. D. Sparks, Reuben J. Swanson, Fred O. Francis & J. Paul Sampley - 1974
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  15.  61
    The Frugal Inference of Causal Relations.Malcolm Forster, Garvesh Raskutti, Reuben Stern & Naftali Weinberger - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (3):821-848.
    Recent approaches to causal modelling rely upon the causal Markov condition, which specifies which probability distributions are compatible with a directed acyclic graph. Further principles are required in order to choose among the large number of DAGs compatible with a given probability distribution. Here we present a principle that we call frugality. This principle tells one to choose the DAG with the fewest causal arrows. We argue that frugality has several desirable properties compared to the other principles that have been (...)
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  16.  93
    Interventionist Decision Theory.Reuben Stern - 2017 - Synthese 194 (10):4133-4153.
    Jim Joyce has argued that David Lewis’s formulation of causal decision theory is inadequate because it fails to apply to the “small world” decisions that people face in real life. Meanwhile, several authors have argued that causal decision theory should be developed such that it integrates the interventionist approach to causal modeling because of the expressive power afforded by the language of causal models, but, as of now, there has been little work towards this end. In this paper, I propose (...)
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  17.  41
    Decision and Intervention.Reuben Stern - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (4):783-804.
    Meek and Glymour use the graphical approach to causal modeling to argue that one and the same norm of rational choice can be used to deliver both causal-decision-theoretic verdicts and evidential-decision-theoretic verdicts. Specifically, they argue that if an agent maximizes conditional expected utility, then the agent will follow the causal decision theorist’s advice when she represents herself as intervening, and will follow the evidential decision theorist’s advice when she represents herself as not intervening. Since Meek and Glymour take no stand (...)
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  18. Philip J. Davis, Reuben Hersh, and Elena Anne Marchisotto. The Mathematical Experience Study Guide and The Companion Guide to the Mathematical Experience Study Edition. [REVIEW]J. P. Burgess & P. Ernest - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (2):175-188.
     
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  19.  21
    Causal Explanatory Power.Benjamin Eva & Reuben Stern - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (4):1029-1050.
    Schupbach and Sprenger introduce a novel probabilistic approach to measuring the explanatory power that a given explanans exerts over a corresponding explanandum. Though we are sympathetic to their general approach, we argue that it does not adequately capture the way in which the causal explanatory power that c exerts on e varies with background knowledge. We then amend their approach so that it does capture this variance. Though our account of explanatory power is less ambitious than Schupbach and Sprenger’s in (...)
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  20.  83
    Two Sides of Modus Ponens.Stern Reuben & Hartmann Stephan - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy 115 (11):605-621.
    McGee argues that it is sometimes reasonable to accept both x and x-> without accepting y->z, and that modus ponens is therefore invalid for natural language indicative conditionals. Here, we examine McGee's counterexamples from a Bayesian perspective. We argue that the counterexamples are genuine insofar as the joint acceptance of x and x-> at time t does not generally imply constraints on the acceptability of y->z at t, but we use the distance-based approach to Bayesian learning to show that applications (...)
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  21.  56
    Causal Concepts and Temporal Ordering.Reuben Stern - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 27):6505-6527.
    Though common sense says that causes must temporally precede their effects, the hugely influential interventionist account of causation makes no reference to temporal precedence. Does common sense lead us astray? In this paper, I evaluate the power of the commonsense assumption from within the interventionist approach to causal modeling. I first argue that if causes temporally precede their effects, then one need not consider the outcomes of interventions in order to infer causal relevance, and that one can instead use temporal (...)
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  22.  14
    An Interventionist’s Guide to Exotic Choice.Reuben Stern - forthcoming - Mind:fzab034.
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  23.  23
    Decision Theory with a Human Face, Richard Bradley. Cambridge University Press, 2017, Xiv + 335 Pages. [REVIEW]Reuben Stern - 2019 - Economics and Philosophy 35 (1):186-193.
  24. JONES, PETER "Philosophy and the Novel: Philosophical Aspects of 'Middlemarch', 'Anna Karenina', 'The Brothers Karamazov', 'A la Recherche du Temps Perdu' and of the Methods of Criticism". [REVIEW]J. P. Stern - 1978 - Philosophy 53:408.
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  25. Wittgenstein: A Life: Volume I: Young Ludwig(1889–1921) By Brian McGuinness London: Duckworth, 1988, Xii + 322 Pp., £15.95. [REVIEW]J. P. Stern - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (249):409-419.
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  26.  57
    Causal Explanatory Power.Benjamin Eva & Reuben Stern - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axy012.
    Schupbach and Sprenger introduce a novel probabilistic approach to measuring the explanatory power that a given explanans exerts over a corresponding explanandum. Though we are sympathetic to their general approach, we argue that it does not adequately capture the way in which the causal explanatory power that c exerts on e varies with background knowledge. We then amend their approach so that it does capture this variance. Though our account of explanatory power is less ambitious than Schupbach and Sprenger’s in (...)
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  27.  49
    Comparative Opinion Loss.Benjamin Eva & Reuben Stern - 2022 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    It is a consequence of the theory of imprecise credences that there exist situations in which rational agents inevitably become less opinionated toward some propositions as they gather more evidence. The fact that an agent's imprecise credal state can dilate in this way is often treated as a strike against the imprecise approach to inductive inference. Here, we show that dilation is not a mere artifact of this approach by demonstrating that opinion loss is countenanced as rational by a substantially (...)
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  28. An Interventionist’s Guide to Exotic Choice.Reuben Stern - 2021 - Mind 130 (518):537-566.
    In this paper, I use interventionist causal models to identify some novel Newcomb problems, and subsequently use these problems to refine existing interventionist treatments of causal decision theory. The new Newcomb problems that make trouble for existing interventionist treatments involve so-called ‘exotic choice’—that is, decision-making contexts where the agent has evidence about the outcome of her choice. I argue that when choice is exotic, the interventionist can adequately capture causal decision-theoretic reasoning by introducing a new interventionist approach to updating on (...)
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  29.  82
    Diachronic and Interpersonal Coherence.Kenny Easwaran & Reuben Stern - forthcoming - In A. K. Flowerree & Baron Reed (eds.), Towards an Expansive Epistemology: Norms, Action, and the Social Sphere. Routledge.
    Bayesians standardly claim that there is rational pressure for agents’ credences to cohere across time because they face bad (epistemic or practical) consequences if they fail to diachronically cohere. But as David Christensen has pointed out, groups of individual agents also face bad consequences if they fail to interpersonally cohere, and there is no general rational pressure for one agent's credences to cohere with another’s. So it seems that standard Bayesian arguments may prove too much. Here, we agree with Christensen (...)
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  30. STERN, J. P. "A Study of Nietzsche". [REVIEW]J. Grundy - 1981 - Mind 90:610.
     
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  31.  34
    Verena H. Dyson, James P. Jones, and John C. Shepherdson. Some Diophantine Forms of Gödel's Theorem. Archiv Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagenforschung, Vol. 22 , Pp. 51–60. - James P. Jones. Universal Diophantine Equation. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 47 , Pp. 549–571. - J. P. Jones and Ju. V. Matijasevič. Exponential Diophantine Representation of Recursively Enumerable Sets. English with French Abstract. Proceedings of the Herbrand Symposium, Logic Colloquium '81, Proceedings of the Herbrand Symposium Held in Marseilles, France, July 1981, Edited by J. Stern, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 107, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1982, Pp. 159–177. - J. P. Jones and Y. V. Matijasevič. Register Machine Proof of the Theorem on Exponential Diophantine Representation of Enumerable Sets. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 49 , Pp. 818–829. [REVIEW]Martin Davis - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (2):477-479.
  32. Russian-English Technical and Chemical Dictionary.Ludmilla Ignatiev Callaham, James S. Gregory, D. W. Shave, Ernest J. Simmons, Bernhard J. Stern & Samuel Smith - 1947 - Science and Society 11 (3):291-295.
     
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  33. Lewis Henry Morgan: Social Evolutionist. By L. P. Chambers. [REVIEW]Bernhard J. Stern - 1931 - International Journal of Ethics 42:498.
     
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  34.  13
    David Marker. Degrees of Models of True Arithmetic. Proceedings of the Herbrand Symposium, Logic Colloquium '81, Proceedings of the Herbrand Symposium Held in Marseilles, France, July 1981, Edited by J. Stern, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 107, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1982, Pp. 233–242. - Julia Knight, Alistair H. Lachlan, and Robert I. Soare. Two Theorems on Degrees of Models of True Arithmetic. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 49 , Pp. 425–436. [REVIEW]Terrence S. Millar - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):562-563.
  35.  25
    Review. Phlegon of Tralles' Book of Marvels. W Hansen\palaephatus: On Unbelievable Tales: Translation, Introduction and Commentary with Notes and Greek Text From the 190s B G Teubner Edition. J Stern[REVIEW]Richard Hawley - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):378-379.
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  36.  7
    Book Review:Lewis Henry Morgan: Social Evolutionist. Bernhard J. Stern[REVIEW]L. P. Chambers - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (4):498-.
  37.  2
    Lewis Henry Morgan: Social Evolutionist. Bernhard J. Stern.L. P. Chambers - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (4):498-499.
  38.  27
    Interventionist Counterfactuals and the Nearness of Worlds.Reuben Stern - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10721-10737.
    A number of authors have recently used causal models to develop a promising semantics for non-backtracking counterfactuals. Briggs shows that when this semantics is naturally extended to accommodate right-nested counterfactuals, it invalidates modus ponens, and therefore violates weak centering given the standard Lewis/stalnaker interpretation of the counterfactual in terms of nearness or similarity of worlds. In this paper, I explore the possibility of abandoning the Lewis/stalnaker interpretation for some alternative that is better suited to accommodate the causal modeling semantics. I (...)
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  39.  36
    Can the Contextualist Win the Free Will Debate?Reuben E. Stern - unknown
    This thesis explores the merits and limits of John Hawthorne’s contextualist analysis of free will. First, I argue that contextualism does better at capturing the ordinary understanding of ‘free will’ than competing views because it best accounts for the way in which our willingness to attribute free will ordinarily varies with context. Then I consider whether this is enough to conclude that the contextualist has won the free will debate. I argue that this would be hasty, because the contextualist, unlike (...)
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  40.  61
    In Defense of Interventionist Solutions to Exclusion.Thomas W. Polger, Lawrence A. Shapiro & Reuben Stern - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 68:51-57.
  41.  25
    Reuben Hersh. Proving is Convincing and Explaining. Educational Studies in Mathematics, Vol. 24 , Pp. 389–399. - Philip J. Davis. Visual Theorems. Educational Studies in Mathematics, Vol. 24 , Pp. 333–344. - Gila Hanna and H. Niels Jahnke. Proof and Application. Educational Studies in Mathematics, Vol. 24 , Pp. 421–438. - Daniel Chazan. High School Geometry Students' Justification for Their Views of Empirical Evidence and Mathematical Proof. Educational Studies in Mathematics Vol. 24 ,Pp. 359–387. [REVIEW]Don Fallis - 1998 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (3):1196-1200.
    Reviewed Works:Reuben Hersh, Proving is Convincing and Explaining.Philip J. Davis, Visual Theorems.Gila Hanna, H. Niels Jahnke, Proof and Application.Daniel Chazan, High School Geometry Students' Justification for Their Views of Empirical Evidence and Mathematical Proof.
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  42. Systems Without a Graphical Causal Representation.Daniel M. Hausman, Reuben Stern & Naftali Weinberger - 2014 - Synthese 191 (8):1925-1930.
    There are simple mechanical systems that elude causal representation. We describe one that cannot be represented in a single directed acyclic graph. Our case suggests limitations on the use of causal graphs for causal inference and makes salient the point that causal relations among variables depend upon details of causal setups, including values of variables.
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  43.  45
    The Yes Men Fix the World (2009). Written, Produced and Directed by Andy Bichlbaum and Mike Bonanno.Reuben Stern - 2009 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (4):310-311.
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  44. La Communion Universelle Comme Lieu Théologique de Vatican I, Selon J.H. Newman.J. Stern - 1977 - Nouvelle Revue Théologique 99 (2):171-188.
     
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  45. L’infaillibilité De L’église Dans La Pensée De J. H. Newman.J. Stern - 1973 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 61 (2):161.
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  46. Traditions apostoliques et Magistère selon J.-H. Newman.J. Stern - 1963 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 47 (1):35.
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  47. Puzzles for ZFEL, McShea and Brandon’s Zero Force Evolutionary Law.Martin Barrett, Hayley Clatterbuck, Michael Goldsby, Casey Helgeson, Brian McLoone, Trevor Pearce, Elliott Sober, Reuben Stern & Naftali Weinberger - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):723-735.
    In their 2010 book, Biology’s First Law, D. McShea and R. Brandon present a principle that they call ‘‘ZFEL,’’ the zero force evolutionary law. ZFEL says (roughly) that when there are no evolutionary forces acting on a population, the population’s complexity (i.e., how diverse its member organisms are) will increase. Here we develop criticisms of ZFEL and describe a different law of evolution; it says that diversity and complexity do not change when there are no evolutionary causes.
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  48.  32
    The Similarity of Causal Structure.Benjamin Eva, Reuben Stern & Stephan Hartmann - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (5):821-835.
    Does y obtain under the counterfactual supposition that x? The answer to this question is famously thought to depend on whether y obtains in the most similar world in which x obtains. What this notion of ‘similarity’ consists in is controversial, but in recent years, graphical causal models have proved incredibly useful in getting a handle on considerations of similarity between worlds. One limitation of the resulting conception of similarity is that it says nothing about what would obtain were the (...)
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  49. STERN, J. P. "A Study of Nietzsche". [REVIEW]H. P. Rickman - 1980 - Philosophy 55:423.
     
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  50.  36
    Translation Reuben A. Brower: Mirror on Mirror: Translation, Imitation, Parody. Pp. Vii + 183; 7 Illustrations. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974. Cloth, £4·75. [REVIEW]J. C. Maxwell - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (01):96-98.
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