Results for 'Rebecca Davis Pentz'

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  1.  43
    Providing Research Results to Participants: Attitudes and Needs of Adolescents and Parents of Children with Cancer.Conrad Vincent Fernandez, Jun Gao, Caron Strahlendorf, Albert Moghrabi, Rebecca Davis Pentz, Raymond Carlton Barfield, Justin Nathaniel Baker, Darcy Santor, Charles Weijer & Eric Kodish - unknown
    PURPOSE: There is an increasing demand for researchers to provide research results to participants. Our aim was to define an appropriate process for this, based on needs and attitudes of participants. METHODS: A multicenter survey in five sites in the United States and Canada was offered to parents of children with cancer and adolescents with cancer. Respondents indicated their preferred mode of communication of research results with respect to implications; timing, provider, and content of the results; reasons for and against (...)
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  2.  47
    Decision-making by Adolescents and Parents of Children with Cancer Regarding Health Research Participation.Kate Read, Conrad Vincent Fernandez, Jun Gao, Caron Strahlendorf, Albert Moghrabi, Rebecca Davis Pentz, Raymond Carlton Barfield, Justin Nathaniel Baker, Darcy Santor, Charles Weijer & Eric Kodish - unknown
    Background: Low rates of participation of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) in clinical oncology trials may contribute to poorer outcomes. Factors that influence the decision of AYAs to participate in health research and whether these factors are different from those that affect the participation of parents of children with cancer. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of data from validated questionnaires provided to adolescents (>12 years old) diagnosed with cancer and parents of children with cancer at 3 sites in Canada (...)
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  3. Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes.Katrina Karkazis, Rebecca Jordan-Young, Georgiann Davis & Silvia Camporesi - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):3-16.
    In May 2011, more than a decade after the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) abandoned sex testing, they devised new policies in response to the IAAF's treatment of Caster Semenya, the South African runner whose sex was challenged because of her spectacular win and powerful physique that fueled an international frenzy questioning her sex and legitimacy to compete as female. These policies claim that atypically high levels of endogenous testosterone in women (caused by (...)
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  4. Silvia Camporesi, King's College, London and University of California San Francisco.Katrina Karkazis, Rebecca Jordan-Young & Georgiann Davis - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):43.
     
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  5.  29
    Revisiting Ethical Guidelines for Research with Terminal Wean and Brain‐Dead Participants.Rebecca D. Pentz, Anne L. Flamm, Renata Pasqualini, Christopher J. Logothetis & Wadih Arap - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (1):20-26.
    Some research is too risky to be conducted on anyone whose life expectancy is more than a few hours. Yet sometimes, the research can still be carried out using subjects who are brain dead or are soon to undergo a terminal wean, and who have articulated values that inclusion in the study can honor. So argues a team of ethicists and researchers at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, where such research was recently undertaken.
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  6.  38
    Designing an Ethical Policy for Bone Marrow Donation by Minors and Others Lacking Capacity.Rebecca D. Pentz, Ka Wah Chan, Joyce L. Neumann, Richard E. Champlin & Martin Korbling - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (2):149-155.
    The child was 2 years, 8 months old and weighed 25 pounds, one-fifth the weight of her mother, for whom she was to be the bone marrow donor. The mother had suffered a relapse of acute myelogenous leukemia; her physicians recommended a bone marrow transplant. The child was the closest human leukocyte antigen match and thus the best donor candidate for her mother's transplant.
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  7.  4
    Duty and Altruism: Alternative Analyses of the Ethics of Sibling Bone Marrow Donation.Rebecca Pentz - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (3):227-230.
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  8.  26
    Beyond Case Consultation: An Expanded Model for Organizational Ethics.Rebecca D. Pentz - 1999 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (1):34-41.
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  9.  29
    The Poster Child for the Need for Central Review of Research Protocols: The Children's Oncology Group.Rebecca D. Pentz & Anita F. Khayat - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (4):359-365.
    Multiple groups, including the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the National Coalition of Comprehensive Cancer Centers, Workgroup 6 of the Summit Series on Cancer, PRIM&R, the Bell Report, and prominent ethicists have called for replacing the current system of local institutional review with central review for multisite national trials. We argue that this need is particularly acute in pediatric oncology, as shown by the experience of the Children's Oncology Group.
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  10.  19
    Revisiting Ethical Guidelines for Research with Terminal Wean and Brain‐Dead Participants.Rebecca D. Pentz & Anne L. Flamm - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (1):20-26.
    Some research is too risky to be conducted on anyone whose life expectancy is more than a few hours. Yet sometimes, the research can still be carried out using subjects who are brain dead or are soon to undergo a terminal wean, and who have articulated values that inclusion in the study can honor. So argues a team of ethicists and researchers at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, where such research was recently undertaken.
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  11.  10
    Relieving Investigator Angst After an Appropriate But Concerning Ethics Consultation.Rebecca D. Pentz, Margie Dixon, Hannah Claire Sibold & Shannon Blee - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):102-104.
    Even appropriate, ethically sound recommendations can generate angst. In this case, the principal investigator is concerned about the ethics consult recommendation to not inform the participan...
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  12.  13
    Improving oncology first-in-human and Window of opportunity informed consent forms through participant feedback.Rebecca D. Pentz, R. Donald Harvey, Margie Dixon, Shannon Blee, Tekiah McClary, John Bourgeois, Eli Abernethy, Gavin Campbell, Hannah Claire Sibold & Anna M. Avinger - 2023 - BMC Medical Ethics 24 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundAlthough patient advocates have developed templates for standard consent forms, evaluating patient preferences for first in human (FIH) and window of opportunity (Window) trial consent forms is critical due to their unique risks. FIH trials are the initial use of a novel compound in study participants. In contrast, Window trials give an investigational agent over a fixed duration to treatment naïve patients in the time between diagnosis and standard of care (SOC) surgery. Our goal was to determine the patient-preferred presentation (...)
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  13.  34
    Rules and values and the problem of evil.Rebecca D. Pentz - 1982 - Sophia 21 (2):23-29.
  14.  18
    Who Should Go First in Trials with Scarce Agents? the Views of Potential Participants.Rebecca D. Pentz, Anne L. Flamm, Jeremy Sugarman, Marlene Z. Cohen, Zhiheng Xu, Roy S. Herbst & James L. Abbruzzese - 2007 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 29 (4):1.
    Access to investigational drugs is a concern to patients and regulatory agencies. In order to determine potential trial participants’ views on access to investigational drugs, we surveyed one hundred people who had been referred to a phase I clinical trial. Most respondents indicated that patients had a right to investigational drugs, that the drugs should be offered only in the context of research, that getting access to these drugs is too hard, and that knowing the right people and being persistent (...)
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  15.  47
    Hick and Saints.Rebecca Pentz - 1991 - Faith and Philosophy 8 (1):96-103.
  16.  11
    Hick and Saints: Is Saint-Production a Valid Test?Rebecca Pentz - 1991 - Faith and Philosophy 8 (1):96-103.
  17.  23
    Veatch and Brain Death: A Plea for Soul.Rebecca D. Pentz - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (2):132-135.
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  18.  62
    Reassessing Biopsychosocial Psychiatry.Will Davies & Rebecca Roache - 2017 - British Journal of Psychiatry 210 (1):3-5.
    Psychiatry uncomfortably spans biological and psychosocial perspectives on mental illness, an idea central to Engel's biopsychosocial paradigm. This paradigm was extremely ambitious, proposing new foundations for clinical practice as well as a non-reductive metaphysics for mental illness. Perhaps given this scope, the approach has failed to engender a clearly identifiable research programme. And yet the view remains influential. We reassess the relevance of the biopsychosocial paradigm for psychiatry, distinguishing a number of ways in which it could be (re)conceived.
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  19.  16
    Expanding into organizational ethics: The experience of one clinical ethics committee. [REVIEW]Rebecca D. Pentz - 1998 - HEC Forum 10 (2):213-221.
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  20.  93
    Abortion—Northern Ireland.Martin Davies, Veronica English, Julian C. Sheather, Sophie Brannan, Ruth Campbell & Rebecca Mussell - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):141-143.
  21.  32
    Ethics briefing.Martin Davies, Ruth Campbell, Sophie Brannan, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):429-430.
    In April, the UK House of Commons Science and Technology committee published a report evaluating the readiness of the National Health Service to incorporate genomic testing into mainstream service provision.1 The committee also examined some of the research and regulatory considerations in relation to the ongoing development of genome editing. ### Genomics in the NHS The main focus of the report is the 100,000 Genomes Project and the various practical and ethical challenges associated with the planned roll-out of the Genomics (...)
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  22.  18
    Genomic Research with the Newly Dead: A Crossroads for Ethics and Policy.Rebecca L. Walker, Eric T. Juengst, Warren Whipple & Arlene M. Davis - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):220-231.
    Recent advances in next generation sequencing along with high hopes for genomic medicine have inspired interest in genomic research with the newly dead. However, applicable law does not adequately determine ethical or policy responses to such research. In this paper we propose that such research stands at a crossroads between other more established biomedical clinical and research practices. In addressing the ethical and policy issues raised by a particular research project within our institution comparatively with these other practices, we illustrate (...)
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  23.  44
    Incorporating ethical principles into clinical research protocols: a tool for protocol writers and ethics committees.Rebecca H. Li, Mary C. Wacholtz, Mark Barnes, Liam Boggs, Susan Callery-D'Amico, Amy Davis, Alla Digilova, David Forster, Kate Heffernan, Maeve Luthin, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Lindsay McNair, Jennifer E. Miller, Jacquelyn Murphy, Luann Van Campen, Mark Wilenzick, Delia Wolf, Cris Woolston, Carmen Aldinger & Barbara E. Bierer - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):229-234.
    A novel Protocol Ethics Tool Kit (‘Ethics Tool Kit’) has been developed by a multi-stakeholder group of the Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of Brigham and Women9s Hospital and Harvard. The purpose of the Ethics Tool Kit is to facilitate effective recognition, consideration and deliberation of critical ethical issues in clinical trial protocols. The Ethics Tool Kit may be used by investigators and sponsors to develop a dedicated Ethics Section within a protocol to improve the consistency and transparency between clinical trial (...)
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  24.  20
    Psychiatry Reborn: Biopsychosocial Psychiatry in Modern Medicine.Will Davies, Julian Savulescu & Rebecca Roache (eds.) - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    With contributions from psychiatry, psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy, this book provides the most comprehensive account to date of the interplay between biological, psychological, and social factors in mental health and their ethical dimensions.
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  25.  38
    Ethics briefing.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Ruth Campbell, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian Sheather - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (3):188-190.
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  26.  13
    Genomic Research with the Newly Dead: A Crossroads for Ethics and Policy.Rebecca L. Walker, Eric T. Juengst, Warren Whipple & Arlene M. Davis - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):220-231.
    Research uses of human bodies maintained by mechanical ventilation after being declared dead by neurological criteria, were first published in the early 1980s with a renewed interest in research on the newly or nearly dead occurring in about last decade. While this type of research may take many different forms, recent technologic advances in genomic sequencing along with high hopes for genomic medicine, have inspired interest in genomic research with the newly dead. For example, the Genotype-Tissue Expression program through the (...)
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  27.  29
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English & Rebecca Mussell - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):599-600.
    Force-feeding of detainees at Guantánamo BayIn April, the US Department of Defense reportedly sent 40 additional military medical personnel, including doctors and nurses, to the Guantánamo Bay Naval Base to carry out the force-feeding of detainees on hunger strike.1 By the end of June, up to 104 of the remaining 166 individuals held in US military detention at Guantánamo were refusing food. The protest against conditions at the base, and the fate of those being held there—including those already cleared for (...)
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  28.  57
    Core values: An ethics committee's foray into management theory. [REVIEW]Rebecca D. Pentz - 2000 - HEC Forum 12 (3):225-234.
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  29.  6
    The Role of Emotional Intelligence in the Maintenance of Depression Symptoms and Loneliness Among Children.Sarah K. Davis, Rebecca Nowland & Pamela Qualter - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  30.  23
    Ethics briefing.Martin Davies, Ruth Campbell, Sophie Brannan, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):725-726.
    The Supreme Court has ruled in the case of Y that there is no requirement to seek the approval of the Court of Protection in decisions to withdraw clinically assisted nutrition and hydration from patients in a prolonged disorder of consciousness.1 Mr Y was 52-year-old man who suffered a cardiac arrest after a myocardial infarction as a result of coronary artery disease. It was not possible to resuscitate him for well over 10 min, resulting in severe cerebral hypoxia which caused (...)
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  31.  33
    Ethics briefing.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Ruth Campbell, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):871-872.
    ### High Court rejects assisted dying challenge The High Court has rejected the latest challenge to the law on assisted dying in the UK, brought by Noel Conway. Mr Conway, a retired college lecturer, was diagnosed with motor neuron disease in 2012. Since his diagnosis, his health has deteriorated and he is dependent on ever-increasing levels of assistance with daily life, including the use of non-invasive ventilation to help him breathe. He sought a declaration from the court that section 2 (...)
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  32.  30
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):446-448.
  33. Book Reviews-Genetic Ethics: Do the Ends Justify the Genes?John F. Kilner, Rebecca D. Pentz, Frank E. Young & Richard Ashcroft - 2000 - Bioethics 14 (3):274-275.
     
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  34.  12
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English & Rebecca Mussell - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):322-324.
  35.  56
    Ethics briefing.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):413-414.
    Ever so often in the UK, there is a flurry of activity around the information requirements of donor-conceived individuals. In April 2013, it was the launch of a report from the Nuffield Council on Bioethics that brought the issue back to public consciousness.1Since 1991, information about treatment with donor gametes or embryos has been collected by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority . Since then, over 35 000 donor-conceived individuals have been born through treatment in licensed clinics. Medical information and (...)
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  36.  12
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English & Rebecca Mussell - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9):575-576.
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  37.  15
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell, Julian C. Sheather & Ann Sommerville - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):190-192.
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  38. 50 Ways to Help Save the Earth: How You and Your Church Can Make a Difference.Rebecca Barnes-Davies - 2009
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  39.  21
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell, Julian C. Sheather & Ann Sommerville - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):64-66.
  40.  23
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian Sheather - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (3):191-192.
    This year marks the 10th anniversary of the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003.1 i The Act makes it an offence for any person to excise, infibulate or otherwise mutilate the whole or any part of a female's labia majora, labia minora or clitoris, or to aid, abet, counsel or procure the mutilation by another person. The exception is where a surgical or obstetric procedure is clinically indicated. There has long been UK legalisation against female genital mutilation but the 2003 Act (...)
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  41.  33
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English & Rebecca Mussell - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):701-702.
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  42.  88
    Broad Consent for Research With Biological Samples: Workshop Conclusions.Christine Grady, Lisa Eckstein, Ben Berkman, Dan Brock, Robert Cook-Deegan, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Hank Greely, Mats G. Hansson, Sara Hull, Scott Kim, Bernie Lo, Rebecca Pentz, Laura Rodriguez, Carol Weil, Benjamin S. Wilfond & David Wendler - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):34-42.
    Different types of consent are used to obtain human biospecimens for future research. This variation has resulted in confusion regarding what research is permitted, inadvertent constraints on future research, and research proceeding without consent. The National Institutes of Health Clinical Center's Department of Bioethics held a workshop to consider the ethical acceptability of addressing these concerns by using broad consent for future research on stored biospecimens. Multiple bioethics scholars, who have written on these issues, discussed the reasons for consent, the (...)
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  43.  31
    Ethics briefing.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Ruth Campbell, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian Sheather - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (6):423-424.
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  44. Reframing Consent for Clinical Research: A Function-Based Approach.Scott Y. H. Kim, David Wendler, Kevin P. Weinfurt, Robert Silbergleit, Rebecca D. Pentz, Franklin G. Miller, Bernard Lo, Steven Joffe, Christine Grady, Sara F. Goldkind, Nir Eyal & Neal W. Dickert - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):3-11.
    Although informed consent is important in clinical research, questions persist regarding when it is necessary, what it requires, and how it should be obtained. The standard view in research ethics is that the function of informed consent is to respect individual autonomy. However, consent processes are multidimensional and serve other ethical functions as well. These functions deserve particular attention when barriers to consent exist. We argue that consent serves seven ethically important and conceptually distinct functions. The first four functions pertain (...)
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  45.  30
    Partnering With Patients to Bridge Gaps in Consent for Acute Care Research.Neal W. Dickert, Amanda Michelle Bernard, JoAnne M. Brabson, Rodney J. Hunter, Regina McLemore, Andrea R. Mitchell, Stephen Palmer, Barbara Reed, Michele Riedford, Raymond T. Simpson, Candace D. Speight, Tracie Steadman & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):7-17.
    Clinical trials for acute conditions such as myocardial infarction and stroke pose challenges related to informed consent due to time limitations, stress, and severe illness. Consent processes shou...
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  46.  44
    Ethics briefings.Sophie Brannan, Ruth Campbell, Martin Davies, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (3):285-286.
  47.  41
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):62-64.
    In August 2012, the drug manufacturer, Fresenius Kabi, barred the sale of the anaesthetic, propofol, for use in lethal injections. The company announced that it would not accept orders for the drug from US departments of correction, and put in place similar requirements on all its wholesalers and distributors.1Propofol is one of the world's most widely used anaesthetics. Earlier in 2012, US states began to use propofol in executions following shortages of other drugs which had previously been used in lethal (...)
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  48.  8
    Ethics briefings.Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Samuel Mason & Rebecca Mussell - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):574-576.
    Proponents of fetal rights argue that, from the moment of conception, a fetus has significant human rights. There are degrees of opinion, however, about the scope of those rights, with some arguing that, in certain circumstances, such as where the conception is the result of rape, the mother's rights predominate. Others argue that the fetus' rights are absolute and should override the woman's right to life and health so that pregnancies cannot be terminated, even to save women's lives. Various countries (...)
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  49.  24
    Appraising Harm in Phase I Trials: Healthy Volunteers' Accounts of Adverse Events.Lisa McManus, Arlene Davis, Rebecca L. Forcier & Jill A. Fisher - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (2):323-333.
    While risk of harm is an important focus for whether clinical research on humans can and should proceed, there is uncertainty about what constitutes harm to a trial participant. In Phase I trials on healthy volunteers, the purpose of the research is to document and measure safety concerns associated with investigational drugs, and participants are financially compensated for their enrollment in these studies. In this article, we investigate how characterizations of harm are narrated by healthy volunteers in the context of (...)
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  50.  39
    Ethics briefing.Sophie Brannan, Ruth Campbell, Martin Davies, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (4):285-286.
    Erdoğan intensifies assault on Turkish civil society Deeply worrying reports from the Turkish Medical Association suggest that the Turkish President Recep Erdoğan is hardening his attack on civil society in Turkey, using the legitimate activities of the TTB as the flimsiest of pretexts. In January 2018, the TTB issued a short statement raising concerns about the impact on public health of Turkey’s military operation in the Kurdish-controlled region of northern Syria. It denounced the operation saying ‘No to war, peace immediately’. (...)
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