Results for 'Raymond W. Gibbs Jr'

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  1.  25
    Metaphor Wars: Conceptual Metaphors in Human Life.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2017 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    The study of metaphor is now firmly established as a central topic within cognitive science and the humanities. We marvel at the creative dexterity of gifted speakers and writers for their special talents in both thinking about certain ideas in new ways, and communicating these thoughts in vivid, poetic forms. Yet metaphors may not only be special communicative devices, but a fundamental part of everyday cognition in the form of 'conceptual metaphors'. An enormous body of empirical evidence from cognitive linguistics (...)
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  2.  15
    Making good psychology out of blending theory.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2001 - Cognitive Linguistics 11 (3-4):347-358.
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  3.  43
    Pragmatics in understanding what is said.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Jessica F. Moise - 1997 - Cognition 62 (1):51-74.
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  4. Why many concepts are metaphorical (Cognition, vol. 61, no. 3 (1996) 309–319).Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Gregory L. Murphy - 1997 - Cognition 62 (1):99-108.
     
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  5.  31
    Psycholinguistics and mental representations.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Teenie Matlock - 2000 - Cognitive Linguistics 10 (3):263-269.
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  6.  19
    Embodied Motivations for Metaphorical Meanings.Marlene Johansson Falck & Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2012 - Cognitive Linguistics 23 (2):251-272.
    This paper explores the relationship between people's mental imagery for their experiences of paths and roads and the metaphorical use of path and road in discourse. We report the results of two studies, one a survey examining people's mental imagery about their embodied experiences with paths and roads, with the second providing a corpus analysis of the ways path and road are metaphorically used in discourse. Our hypothesis is that both people's mental imagery for path and road, and speakers' use (...)
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  7. Review of Bridging and Relevance by Tomoko Matsui. [REVIEW]W. Gibbs Raymond Jr - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (1):191-196.
     
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  8. Journal of The Cognitive Science Society.Robert L. Goldstone, John R. Anderson, Nick Chater, Andy Clark, Shimon Edelman, Kenneth Forbus, Dedre Gentner, Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, James Greeno & Robert A. Jacobs - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3).
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  9.  13
    Figurative Language and Thought.Albert N. Katz, Cristina Cacciari, Raymond W. Gibbs & Mark Turner - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Our understanding of the nature and processing of figurative language is central to several important issues in cognitive science, including the relationship of language and thought, how we process language, and how we comprehend abstract meaning. Over the past fifteen years, traditional approaches to these issues have been challenged by experimental psychologists, linguists, and other cognitive scientists interested in the structures of the mind and the processes that operate on them. In Figurative Language and Thought, internationally recognized experts in the (...)
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  10.  54
    Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr.,The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding. [REVIEW]Mark Turner - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):181-187.
  11.  13
    Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr., The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding. [REVIEW]Mark Turner - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):181-187.
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  12.  46
    Review of Raymond W. Gibbs, jr., Embodiment and Cognitive Science[REVIEW]Robert D. Rupert - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (8).
  13. Embodiment and cognitive science.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2006 - New York ;: Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores how people's subjective, felt experiences of their bodies in action provide part of the fundamental grounding for human cognition and language. Cognition is what occurs when the body engages the physical and cultural world and must be studied in terms of the dynamical interactions between people and the environment. Human language and thought emerge from recurring patterns of embodied activity that constrain ongoing intelligent behavior. We must not assume cognition to be purely internal, symbolic, computational, and disembodied, (...)
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  14. Cognitive effort and effects in metaphor comprehension: Relevance theory and psycholinguistics.Raymond W. Gibbs & Markus Tendahl - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (3):379–403.
    This paper explores the trade-off between cognitive effort and cognitive effects during immediate metaphor comprehension. We specifically evaluate the fundamental claim of relevance theory that metaphor understanding, like all utterance interpretation, is constrained by the presumption of optimal relevance (Sperber and Wilson, 1995, p. 270): the ostensive stimulus is relevant enough for it to be worth the addressee's effort to process it, and the ostensive stimulus is the most relevant one compatible with the communicator's abilities and preferences. One important implication (...)
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  15.  24
    Cognitive Effort and Effects in Metaphor Comprehension: Relevance Theory and Psycholinguistics.Raymond W. Gibbs & Markus Tendahl - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (3):379-403.
    This paper explores the trade-off between cognitive effort and cognitive effects during immediate metaphor comprehension. We specifically evaluate the fundamental claim of relevance theory that metaphor understanding, like all utterance interpretation, is constrained by the presumption of optimal relevance (Sperber and Wilson, 1995, p. 270): the ostensive stimulus is relevant enough for it to be worth the addressee’s effort to process it, and the ostensive stimulus is the most relevant one compatible with the communicator’s abilities and preferences. One important implication (...)
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  16.  55
    Psycholinguistic studies on the conceptual basis of idiomaticity.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1990 - Cognitive Linguistics 1 (4):417-452.
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  17.  62
    Metaphor Interpretation as Embodied Simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2006 - Mind Language 21 (3):434-458.
    Cognitive theories of metaphor understanding are typically described in terms of the mappings between different kinds of abstract, schematic, disembodied knowledge. My claim in this paper is that part of our ability to make sense of metaphorical language, both individual utterances and extended narratives, resides in the automatic construction of a simulation whereby we imagine performing the bodily actions referred to in the language. Thus, understanding metaphorical expressions like ‘grasp a concept’ or ‘get over’ an emotion involve simulating what it (...)
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  18. Metaphor interpretation as embodied simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (3):434–458.
    Cognitive theories of metaphor understanding are typically described in terms of the mappings between different kinds of abstract, schematic, disembodied knowledge. My claim in this paper is that part of our ability to make sense of metaphorical language, both individual utterances and extended narratives, resides in the automatic construction of a simulation whereby we imagine performing the bodily actions referred to in the language. Thus, understanding metaphorical expressions like ‘grasp a concept’ or ‘get over’ an emotion involve simulating what it (...)
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  19.  24
    Marcelo Dascal and the literal meaning debates.Raymond Gibbs Jr - 2002 - Manuscrito 25 (2):199-224.
    What role does literal meaning play in people’s understanding of indirect and figurative language? Scholars from many disciplines have debated this issue for several decades. This chapter describes these debates, especially focusing on the arguments between the author and Marcelo Dascal. I suggest that Dascal’s defense of “moderate literalism” may have some validity, contrary to some of my earlier arguments against this point of view. The chapter acknowledges the strong contribution that Marcelo Dascal has made to interdisciplinary discussions on language (...)
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  20.  17
    Metaphor Interpretation as Embodied Simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2006 - Mind Language 21 (3):434-458.
    Cognitive theories of metaphor understanding are typically described in terms of the mappings between different kinds of abstract, schematic, disembodied knowledge. My claim in this paper is that part of our ability to make sense of metaphorical language, both individual utterances and extended narratives, resides in the automatic construction of a simulation whereby we imagine performing the bodily actions referred to in the language. Thus, understanding metaphorical expressions like ‘grasp a concept’ or ‘get over’ an emotion involve simulating what it (...)
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  21.  27
    Literal Meaning and Psychological Theory.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (3):275-304.
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  22.  11
    Speakers' intuitions and pragmatic theory.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1999 - Cognition 69 (3):355-359.
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  23.  8
    Metaphor Interpretation as Embodied Simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (3):434-458.
    Cognitive theories of metaphor understanding are typically described in terms of the mappings between different kinds of abstract, schematic, disembodied knowledge. My claim in this paper is that part of our ability to make sense of metaphorical language, both individual utterances and extended narratives, resides in the automatic construction of a simulation whereby we imagine performing the bodily actions referred to in the language. Thus, understanding metaphorical expressions like ‘grasp a concept’ or ‘get over’ an emotion involve simulating what it (...)
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  24.  89
    Cognitive Science Meets Metaphor and Metaphysics.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (3):433-436.
  25.  59
    Images Schemas in Conceptual Development: What Happened to the Body?Raymond W. Gibbs - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (2):231-239.
    Mandler's target article claims that infants' capacity to abstract certain kinds of information from perceptual ldisplays occurs through a special mechanism of ?perceptual meaning analysis?, which generates abstract, ?image-schemas? that are analogical representations summarizing spatial relations and movement in space. Under this view, perceptual processes give input to forming conceptual representations, but higher-order concepts are disembodied, symbolic representations that are stripped of their embodied roots. My alternative argument is that bodily experience has an enduring role in early conceptual development, and (...)
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  26.  53
    Are emotional expressions intentional?: A self-organizational approach.R. W. Gibbs Jr & G. C. Van Orden - 2003 - Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):1-16.
    This paper discusses the debate over whether emotional expressions are spontaneous or intentional actions. We describe a variety of empirical evidence supporting these two possibilities. But we argue that the spontaneous-intentional distinction fails to explain the psychological dynamics of emotional expressions. We claim that a complex systems perspective on intentions, as self-organized critical states, may yield a unified view of emotional expressions as a consequence of situated action. This account simultaneously acknowledges the embodied status of environment, evolution, culture and mind (...)
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  27. How do you know when you have understood? Psycholinguistic criteria for understanding verbal communication.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1988 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 21 (2):201-225.
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  28. Idioms and mental imagery: The metaphorical motivation for idiomatic meaning.Raymond W. Gibbs & Jennifer E. O'Brien - 1990 - Cognition 36 (1):35-68.
  29.  95
    The cognitive psychological reality of image schemas and their transformations.Raymond W. Gibbs & Herbert L. Colston - 1995 - Cognitive Linguistics 6 (4):347-378.
  30.  43
    Why many concepts are metaphorical.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1996 - Cognition 61 (3):309-319.
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  31.  51
    Real and Imagined Body Movement Primes Metaphor Comprehension.Nicole L. Wilson & Raymond W. Gibbs - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (4):721-731.
    We demonstrate in two experiments that real and imagined body movements appropriate to metaphorical phrases facilitate people's immediate comprehension of these phrases. Participants first learned to make different body movements given specific cues. In two reading time studies, people were faster to understand a metaphorical phrase, such as push the argument, when they had previously just made an appropriate body action (e.g., a push movement) (Experiment 1), or imagined making a specific body movement (Experiment 2), than when they first made (...)
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  32.  11
    Pragmatic complexity in metaphor interpretation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2023 - Cognition 237 (C):105455.
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  33.  16
    Categorization and metaphor understanding.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):572-577.
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  34.  98
    Pragmatic Choice in Conversation.Raymond W. Gibbs & Guy Van Orden - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):7-20.
    How do people decide what to say in context? Many theories of pragmatics assume that people have specialized knowledge that drives them to utter certain words in different situations. But these theories are mostly unable to explain both the regularity and variability in people’s speech behaviors. Our purpose in this article is to advance a view of pragmatics based on complexity theory, which specifically explains the pragmatic choices speakers make in conversations. The concept of self-organized criticality sheds light on how (...)
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  35.  10
    Pragmatics Always Matters: An Expanded Vision of Experimental Pragmatics.Raymond W. Gibbs & Herbert L. Colston - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  36.  76
    Understanding and Literal Meaning.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):243-251.
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  37.  14
    Metaphor as Dynamical–Ecological Performance.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2019 - Metaphor and Symbol 34 (1):33-44.
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  38.  11
    Metaphors in the flesh: Metaphorical pantomimes in sports celebrations.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2021 - Cognitive Linguistics 32 (1):67-96.
    When athletes make significant plays in sporting competitions, such as scoring a goal in soccer, a touchdown in American football, they often immediately express their joy by performing some bodily action for others to see and understand. Many sports celebrations are staged pantomimes that express metaphorical meanings as a part of athletes’ pretending to perform certain source-path-goal sequences of action from other competitive events. This article examines the possible metaphoricity in different sports celebrations and whether casual observers may understand these (...)
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  39.  21
    Striving for optimal relevance when answering questions.Raymond W. Gibbs & Gregory A. Bryant - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):345-369.
    When people are asked “Do you have the time?” they can answer in a variety of ways, such as “It is almost 3”, “Yeah, it is quarter past two”, or more precisely as in “It is now 1:43”. We present the results of four experiments that examined people’s real-life answers to questions about the time. Our hypothesis, following previous research findings, was that people strive to make their answers optimally relevant for the addressee, which in many cases allows people to (...)
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  40.  68
    Language understanding is grounded in experiential simulations: a response to Weiskopf.Raymond W. Gibbs & Marcus Perlman - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):305-308.
    Several disciplines within the cognitive sciences have advanced the idea that people comprehend the actions of others, including the linguistic meanings they communicate, through embodied simulations where they imaginatively recreate the actions they observe or hear about. This claim has important consequences for theories of mind and meaning, such as that people’s use and interpretation of language emerges as a kind of bodily activity that is an essential part of ordinary cognition. Daniel Weiskopf presents several arguments against the idea that (...)
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  41.  11
    The relevance of Relevance for psychological theory.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):718.
  42.  2
    The Allegorical Impulse.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2011 - Metaphor and Symbol 26 (2):121-130.
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  43.  36
    Embodied metaphor in perceptual symbols.Raymond W. Gibbs & Eric A. Berg - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):617-618.
    We agree with Barsalou's claim about the importance of perceptual symbols in a theory of abstract concepts. Yet we maintain that the richness of many abstract concepts arises from the metaphorical mapping of recurring patterns of perceptual, embodied experience to provide essential structure to these abstract ideas.
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  44.  30
    Artistic understanding as embodied simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):143 - 144.
    Bullot & Reber (B&R) correctly include historical perspectives into the scientific study of art appreciation. But artistic understanding always emerges from embodied simulation processes that incorporate the ongoing dynamics of brains, bodies, and world interactions. There may not be separate modes of artistic understanding, but a continuum of processes that provide imaginative simulations of the artworks we see or hear.
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  45.  11
    “Holy Cow, My Irony Detector Just Exploded!” Calling Out Irony During The Coronavirus Pandemic.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2021 - Metaphor and Symbol 36 (1):45-60.
    One of the compelling events during the 2020 spring coronavirus pandemic is the extent to which people call-out “irony” in regard to the speech and actions of other individuals, as well as, in some...
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  46.  19
    Marcelo Dascal, Interpretation and Understanding.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (2):405-413.
  47.  8
    My Great Life with “Metaphor and Symbol”.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2020 - Metaphor and Symbol 35 (1):1-1.
    It has been my great honor to serve as editor of “Metaphor and Symbol” for the last 19 years. Yet all good things must come to an end and with this issue I am stepping down from my duties as editor...
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  48.  46
    No need for instinct: Coordinated communication as an emergent self organized process.Raymond W. Gibbs & Nathaniel Clark - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):241-262.
    Language serves many purposes in our individual lives and our varied interpersonal interactions. Daniel Everett's claim that language primarily emerges from an “interactional instinct“ and not a classic “language instinct“ gives proper weight to the importance of coordinated communication in meeting our adaptive needs. Yet the argument that language is a “cultural tool“, motivated by an underlying “instinct“, does not adequately explain the complex, yet complementary nature of both linguistic regularities and variations in everyday speech. Our alternative suggestion is that (...)
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  49.  11
    No need for instinct.Raymond W. Gibbs & Nathaniel Clark - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):241-262.
    Language serves many purposes in our individual lives and our varied interpersonal interactions. Daniel Everett’s claim that language primarily emerges from an “interactional instinct” and not a classic “language instinct” gives proper weight to the importance of coordinated communication in meeting our adaptive needs. Yet the argument that language is a “cultural tool”, motivated by an underlying “instinct”, does not adequately explain the complex, yet complementary nature of both linguistic regularities and variations in everyday speech. Our alternative suggestion is that (...)
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  50.  15
    Stability and variability in linguistic pragmatics.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2010 - Pragmatics and Society 1 (1):32-49.
    The study of linguistic pragmatics is always caught in the wonderful tension between seeking broad human pragmatic abilities and showing the subtle ways that communication is dependent on specific people and social situations. These different foci on areas of stability and variability in linguistic and nonlinguistic behavior are often accompanied by very different theoretical accounts of how and why people act, speak, and understand in the ways they do. Within contemporary research in experimental pragmatics, there are always instances of some (...)
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