Results for 'Raymond Gibbs Jr'

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  1.  17
    Metaphor Wars: Conceptual Metaphors in Human Life.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2017 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    The study of metaphor is now firmly established as a central topic within cognitive science and the humanities. We marvel at the creative dexterity of gifted speakers and writers for their special talents in both thinking about certain ideas in new ways, and communicating these thoughts in vivid, poetic forms. Yet metaphors may not only be special communicative devices, but a fundamental part of everyday cognition in the form of 'conceptual metaphors'. An enormous body of empirical evidence from cognitive linguistics (...)
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  2. Metaphor Interpretation as Embodied Simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (3):434–458.
    Cognitive theories of metaphor understanding are typically described in terms of the mappings between different kinds of abstract, schematic, disembodied knowledge. My claim in this paper is that part of our ability to make sense of metaphorical language, both individual utterances and extended narratives, resides in the automatic construction of a simulation whereby we imagine performing the bodily actions referred to in the language. Thus, understanding metaphorical expressions like ‘grasp a concept’ or ‘get over’ an emotion involve simulating what it (...)
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  3. Cognitive Effort and Effects in Metaphor Comprehension: Relevance Theory and Psycholinguistics.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Markus Tendahl - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (3):379–403.
    This paper explores the trade-off between cognitive effort and cognitive effects during immediate metaphor comprehension. We specifically evaluate the fundamental claim of relevance theory that metaphor understanding, like all utterance interpretation, is constrained by the presumption of optimal relevance (Sperber and Wilson, 1995, p. 270): the ostensive stimulus is relevant enough for it to be worth the addressee's effort to process it, and the ostensive stimulus is the most relevant one compatible with the communicator's abilities and preferences. One important implication (...)
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  4.  6
    Embodied Simulation in Metaphor Interpretation.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (3):434-458.
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  5.  35
    Pragmatics in Understanding What is Said.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Jessica F. Moise - 1997 - Cognition 62 (1):51-74.
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  6.  22
    Marcelo Dascal and the Literal Meaning Debates.Raymond Gibbs Jr - 2002 - Manuscrito 25 (2):199-224.
    What role does literal meaning play in people’s understanding of indirect and figurative language? Scholars from many disciplines have debated this issue for several decades. This chapter describes these debates, especially focusing on the arguments between the author and Marcelo Dascal. I suggest that Dascal’s defense of “moderate literalism” may have some validity, contrary to some of my earlier arguments against this point of view. The chapter acknowledges the strong contribution that Marcelo Dascal has made to interdisciplinary discussions on language (...)
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  7. Why Many Concepts Are Metaphorical (Cognition, Vol. 61, No. 3 (1996) 309–319).Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Gregory L. Murphy - 1997 - Cognition 62 (1):99-108.
     
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  8.  41
    Review of Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr., Embodiment and Cognitive Science[REVIEW]Robert D. Rupert - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (8).
  9.  14
    Embodied Motivations for Metaphorical Meanings.Marlene Johansson Falck & Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2012 - Cognitive Linguistics 23 (2):251-272.
    This paper explores the relationship between people's mental imagery for their experiences of paths and roads and the metaphorical use of path and road in discourse. We report the results of two studies, one a survey examining people's mental imagery about their embodied experiences with paths and roads, with the second providing a corpus analysis of the ways path and road are metaphorically used in discourse. Our hypothesis is that both people's mental imagery for path and road, and speakers' use (...)
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  10.  11
    Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr., The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding. [REVIEW]Mark Turner - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):181-187.
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  11.  51
    Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr.,The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding. [REVIEW]Mark Turner - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):181-187.
  12.  12
    Making Good Psychology Out of Blending Theory.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr - 2001 - Cognitive Linguistics 11 (3-4).
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  13.  29
    Psycholinguistics and Mental Representations.Raymond W. Gibbs Jr & Teenie Matlock - 2000 - Cognitive Linguistics 10 (3).
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  14. Journal of The Cognitive Science Society.Robert L. Goldstone, John R. Anderson, Nick Chater, Andy Clark, Shimon Edelman, Kenneth Forbus, Dedre Gentner, Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, James Greeno & Robert A. Jacobs - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3).
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  15. Review of Bridging and Relevance by Tomoko Matsui. [REVIEW]W. Gibbs Raymond Jr - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (1):191-196.
     
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  16.  5
    Figurative Language and Thought.Albert N. Katz, Cristina Cacciari, Raymond W. Gibbs & Mark Turner - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Our understanding of the nature and processing of figurative language is central to several important issues in cognitive science, including the relationship of language and thought, how we process language, and how we comprehend abstract meaning. Over the past fifteen years, traditional approaches to these issues have been challenged by experimental psychologists, linguists, and other cognitive scientists interested in the structures of the mind and the processes that operate on them. In Figurative Language and Thought, internationally recognized experts in the (...)
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  17.  7
    Interpreting Figurative Meaning.Gibbs Jr & Herbert L. Colston - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Interpreting Figurative Meaning critically evaluates the recent empirical work from psycholinguistics and neuroscience examining the successes and difficulties associated with interpreting figurative language. There is now a huge, often contradictory literature on how people understand figures of speech. Gibbs and Colston argue that there may not be a single theory or model that adequately explains both the processes and products of figurative meaning experience. Experimental research may ultimately be unable to simply adjudicate between current models in psychology, linguistics and (...)
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  18.  4
    A Bibliography of Studies and Translations of Modern Chinese Literature, 1918-1942.Raymond Murray, Donald A. Gibbs & Yun-Chen Li - 1976 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (3):455.
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  19.  48
    Are Emotional Expressions Intentional?: A Self-Organizational Approach.R. W. Gibbs Jr & G. C. Van Orden - 2003 - Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):1-16.
    This paper discusses the debate over whether emotional expressions are spontaneous or intentional actions. We describe a variety of empirical evidence supporting these two possibilities. But we argue that the spontaneous-intentional distinction fails to explain the psychological dynamics of emotional expressions. We claim that a complex systems perspective on intentions, as self-organized critical states, may yield a unified view of emotional expressions as a consequence of situated action. This account simultaneously acknowledges the embodied status of environment, evolution, culture and mind (...)
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  20.  24
    Response to Raymond Gibbs.S. Gillian Parker - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (3):437-439.
  21.  1
    Identification of Common Variants Influencing Risk of the Tauopathy Progressive Supranuclear Palsy.G. U. Höglinger, N. M. Melhem, D. W. Dickson, P. M. A. Sleiman, L. S. Wang, L. Klei, R. Rademakers, R. De Silva, I. Litvan, J. C. de RileyVan Swieten, P. Heutink, Z. K. Wszolek, R. J. Uitti, J. Vandrovcova, H. I. Hurtig, R. G. Gross, W. Maetzler, S. Goldwurm, E. Tolosa, B. Borroni, P. Pastor, L. B. Cantwell, M. R. Han, A. Dillman, M. P. Van Der Brug, Gibbs Jr, M. R. Cookson, D. G. Hernandez, A. B. Singleton, M. J. Farrer, C. E. Yu, L. I. Golbe, T. Revesz, J. Hardy, A. J. Lees, B. Devlin, H. Hakonarson, U. Müller, G. D. Schellenberg, R. L. Albin, E. Alonso, A. Antonini, M. Apfelbacher, S. E. Arnold, J. Avila, T. G. Beach, S. Beecher, D. Berg, T. D. Bird, N. Bogdanovic, A. J. W. Boon, Y. Bordelon, A. Brice, H. Budka, M. Canesi, W. Z. Chiu, R. Cilia, C. Colosimo, P. P. De Deyn, J. G. De Yebenes, L. D. Kaat, R. Duara, A. Durr, S. Engelborghs, G. Fabbrini, N. A. Finch, R. Flook, M. P. Frosch, C. Gaig, D. R. Galasko, T. Gasser, M. Gearing, E. T. Geller, B. Ghetti, N. R. Graff-Radford & Grossm - unknown
    Progressive supranuclear palsy is a movement disorder with prominent tau neuropathology. Brain diseases with abnormal tau deposits are called tauopathies, the most common of which is Alzheimer's disease. Environmental causes of tauopathies include repetitive head trauma associated with some sports. To identify common genetic variation contributing to risk for tauopathies, we carried out a genome-wide association study of 1,114 individuals with PSP and 3,247 controls followed by a second stage in which we genotyped 1,051 cases and 3,560 controls for the (...)
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  22. Embodiment and Cognitive Science.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2005 - New York ;Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores how people's subjective, felt experiences of their bodies in action provide part of the fundamental grounding for human cognition and language. Cognition is what occurs when the body engages the physical and cultural world and must be studied in terms of the dynamical interactions between people and the environment. Human language and thought emerge from recurring patterns of embodied activity that constrain ongoing intelligent behavior. We must not assume cognition to be purely internal, symbolic, computational, and disembodied, (...)
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  23.  60
    Metaphor Interpretation as Embodied Simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2006 - Mind Language 21 (3):434-458.
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  24.  18
    Inferring Pragmatic Messages From Metaphor.Raymond Gibbs, Markus Tendahl & Lacey Okonski - 2011 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 7 (1):3-28.
    When speakers utter metaphors, such as "Lawyers are also sharks," they often intend to communicate messages beyond those expressed by the metaphorical meaning of these expressions. For instance, in some circumstances, a speaker may state "Lawyers are also sharks" to strengthen a previous speaker's negative beliefs about lawyers, to add new information about lawyers to listeners to some context, or even to contradict a previous speaker's positive assertions about lawyers. In each case, speaking metaphorically communicates one of these three social (...)
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  25.  57
    Images Schemas in Conceptual Development: What Happened to the Body?Raymond W. Gibbs - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (2):231-239.
    Mandler's target article claims that infants' capacity to abstract certain kinds of information from perceptual ldisplays occurs through a special mechanism of ?perceptual meaning analysis?, which generates abstract, ?image-schemas? that are analogical representations summarizing spatial relations and movement in space. Under this view, perceptual processes give input to forming conceptual representations, but higher-order concepts are disembodied, symbolic representations that are stripped of their embodied roots. My alternative argument is that bodily experience has an enduring role in early conceptual development, and (...)
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  26.  88
    Cognitive Science Meets Metaphor and Metaphysics.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (3):433-436.
  27. Why Teach Environmental Ethics? Because We Already Do.Raymond Benton Jr & Christine S. Benton - 2001 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 17:18.
     
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  28.  24
    Literal Meaning and Psychological Theory.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (3):275-304.
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  29.  14
    Metaphor Interpretation as Embodied Simulation.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2006 - Mind Language 21 (3):434-458.
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  30.  35
    Real and Imagined Body Movement Primes Metaphor Comprehension.Nicole L. Wilson & Raymond W. Gibbs - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (4):721-731.
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  31.  10
    Speakers' Intuitions and Pragmatic Theory.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1999 - Cognition 69 (3):355-359.
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  32.  88
    Idioms and Mental Imagery: The Metaphorical Motivation for Idiomatic Meaning.Raymond W. Gibbs & Jennifer E. O'Brien - 1990 - Cognition 36 (1):35-68.
  33.  45
    Building Capacity for the Development of a Critical Democratic Citizenry Through the Redefinition of Education.Raymond A. Horn Jr - 2004 - World Futures 60 (3):169 – 182.
    This article answers the question, How can we build capacity for the development of a critical democratic citizenry? This is achieved by generally describing postmodern society, and by introducing the idea of evolutionary consciousness as the next step in meeting the needs of a postmodern society. Secondly, the current nature of education is described, which is followed by a redefinition of education within the context of a critical ideal. The discussion concludes with a presentation of the pragmatics of building capacity (...)
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  34.  21
    Cognitive Effort and Effects in Metaphor Comprehension: Relevance Theory and Psycholinguistics.Raymond W. Gibbs & Markus Tendahl - 2006 - Mind Language 21 (3):379-403.
  35. How Do You Know When You Have Understood? Psycholinguistic Criteria for Understanding Verbal Communication.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1988 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 21 (2):201-225.
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  36. Metarepresentations in Staged Communicative Acts.Raymond Gibbs - 2000 - In Dan Sperber (ed.), Metarepresentations: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Oxford University Press.
     
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  37.  58
    The Cognitive Psychological Reality of Image Schemas and Their Transformations.Raymond W. Gibbs & Herbert L. Colston - 1995 - Cognitive Linguistics 6 (4):347-378.
  38.  94
    Pragmatic Choice in Conversation.Raymond W. Gibbs & Guy Van Orden - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):7-20.
    How do people decide what to say in context? Many theories of pragmatics assume that people have specialized knowledge that drives them to utter certain words in different situations. But these theories are mostly unable to explain both the regularity and variability in people’s speech behaviors. Our purpose in this article is to advance a view of pragmatics based on complexity theory, which specifically explains the pragmatic choices speakers make in conversations. The concept of self-organized criticality sheds light on how (...)
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  39.  38
    Why Many Concepts Are Metaphorical.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1996 - Cognition 61 (3):309-319.
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  40.  14
    Irony in Talk Among Friends.Raymond Gibbs - 2000 - Metaphor and Symbol 15 (1):5-27.
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  41.  11
    Raymond P. Tripp Jr, Ed. And Trans., More About the Fight with the Dragon: Beowulf 2208b–3182. Commentary, Edition and Translation. Lanham, Md., and London: University Press of America, 1983. Pp. X, 480. $29.75 ; $17.50. [REVIEW]Daniel G. Calder - 1985 - Speculum 60 (3):755-756.
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  42.  8
    Conditioned Stimulus Intensity and Response Speed.Raymond M. Bragiel & Charles C. Perkins Jr - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (6):437.
  43.  74
    Understanding and Literal Meaning.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):243-251.
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  44.  7
    Raymond L. Lee, Jr.;, Alistair B. Fraser. The Rainbow Bridge: Rainbows in Art, Myth, and Science. 393 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. University Park: Penn State University Press, 2001. $65. [REVIEW]Alan E. Shapiro - 2004 - Isis 95 (1):106-107.
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  45.  15
    Categorization and Metaphor Understanding.Raymond W. Gibbs - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):572-577.
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  46.  3
    Symbol and Structure in Heraclitus.Raymond A. Prier Jr - 1973 - Apeiron 7 (2):23 - 37.
  47.  12
    Metaphor as Dynamical–Ecological Performance.Raymond W. Gibbs - 2019 - Metaphor and Symbol 34 (1):33-44.
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  48.  60
    Language Understanding is Grounded in Experiential Simulations: A Response to Weiskopf.Raymond W. Gibbs & Marcus Perlman - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):305-308.
    Several disciplines within the cognitive sciences have advanced the idea that people comprehend the actions of others, including the linguistic meanings they communicate, through embodied simulations where they imaginatively recreate the actions they observe or hear about. This claim has important consequences for theories of mind and meaning, such as that people’s use and interpretation of language emerges as a kind of bodily activity that is an essential part of ordinary cognition. Daniel Weiskopf presents several arguments against the idea that (...)
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  49. Conceptual Knowledge and Polysemy: Psycholinguistic Studies on the Meanings of Make.Teenie Matlock & Raymond C. Gibbs - 2001 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 34 (3-4):231-256.
  50.  2
    Evaluating Contemporary Models of Figurative Language Understanding.Raymond Gibbs - 2001 - Metaphor and Symbol 16 (3):317-333.
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