Results for 'Raven Rowanchilde'

376 found
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  1.  15
    Male genital modification.Raven Rowanchilde - 1996 - Human Nature 7 (2):189-215.
    By modifying the body in meaningful ways, human beings establish their identity and social status. Lip plugs, ear plugs, penis sheaths, cosmetics, ornaments, scarification, body piercings, and genital modifications encode and transmit messages about age, sex, social status, health, and attractiveness from one individual to another. Through sociocultural sexual selection, male genital modification plays an important role as a sociosexual signal in both male competition and female mate choice. The reliability of the signal correlates with the cost of acquiring the (...)
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  2. The Presocratic Philosophers a Critical History with a Selection of Texts /by G.S. Kirk, J.E. Raven, M. Schofield. --. --. [REVIEW]G. S. Kirk, J. Raven & Malcolm Schofield - 1983 - Cambridge University Press, 1983.
  3. The Presocratic Philosophers a Critical History with a Selection of Texts, by G.S. Kirk & J.E. Raven.G. S. Kirk & John Earle Jt Author Raven - 1962 - University Press.
  4. The Raven Paradox.John-Michael Kuczynski - 2016 - Amazon Digital Services LLC.
    "All ravens are black" is logically but not confirmationally equivalent with "all non-black things are non-ravens." But this is impossible, given that logical equivalence guarantees confirmational equivalence. In this paper, this paradox is solved.
     
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  5.  47
    How Ravens Came to the Tower of London.Boria Sax - 2007 - Society and Animals 15 (3):269-283.
    According to popular belief, Charles II of England once heard a prophecy that if ravens left the Tower of London it would "fall," so he ordered that the wings of seven ravens in the Tower be trimmed. Until recently, this claim was not challenged even in scholarly literature. There are, however, no allusions to the Tower Ravens before the end of the nineteenth century. The ravens, today meticulously cared for by Yeoman Warders, are largely an invented tradition, designed to give (...)
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  6.  70
    Black ravens and a white shoe.Herbert A. Simon - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (3):339-342.
    This paper provides an explanation of why sightings of black ravens increase the degree of warranted belief in the proposition that all ravens are black, while observations of white shoes do not. The explanation, which allows a Bayesian interpretation, rests on an assumption of the redundancy (i.e., lawfulness) of nature.
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  7. Can Time Pass at the Rate of 1 Second Per Second?Michael J. Raven - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):459 - 465.
    Some believe reality is dynamic: time passes, not just in our experience of reality, but objectively, in reality itself. There are many objections to this view. I focus on the rate objection: that time passes only if it passes at the rate of 1 second per second, but that it cannot coherently pass at that rate. Existing replies to this objection do not fully engage with its motivation. My aim is to refute the rate objection. Time can coherently pass at (...)
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  8. “The Ravens Paradox” is a misnomer.Roger Clarke - 2010 - Synthese 175 (3):427-440.
    I argue that the standard Bayesian solution to the ravens paradox— generally accepted as the most successful solution to the paradox—is insufficiently general. I give an instance of the paradox which is not solved by the standard Bayesian solution. I defend a new, more general solution, which is compatible with the Bayesian account of confirmation. As a solution to the paradox, I argue that the ravens hypothesis ought not to be held equivalent to its contrapositive; more interestingly, I argue that (...)
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  9.  39
    Alexander Raven Thomson, Philosopher of the British Union of Fascists.Matthew McMurray - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (1):33 - 59.
    This study surveys the career and political philosophy of Alexander Raven Thomson, one of Sir Oswald Mosley's lieutenants in the British Union of Fascists (BUF), the largest party on the extreme right in Britain in the interwar era. It explores key issues relating to the BUF, such as: What type of society did Thomson and the Blackshirts wish to establish in Britain? Who were some of the major domestic and international intellectual influences on him and the BUF? Was the (...)
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  10.  46
    The Raven Paradox Revisited in Terms of Random Variables.Bruno Carbonaro & Federica Vitale - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (4):763-795.
    The discussion about the Raven Paradox is ever-renewing: after nearly 70 years, many authors propose from time to time new solutions, and many authors state that these solutions are unsatisfactory. It is worthy to be carefully noted that though most arguments in favor or against the paradox are based on the notion of “probability” and on the application of Bayes’ law, not one of them makes use of the Kolmogorov axiomatic theory of probability and on the subsequent notion of (...)
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  11. Resolving the Raven Paradox: Simple Random Sampling, Stratified Random Sampling, and Inference to Best Explanation.Barry Ward - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (2):360-377.
    Simple random sampling resolutions of the raven paradox relevantly diverge from scientific practice. We develop a stratified random sampling model, yielding a better fit and apparently rehabilitating simple random sampling as a legitimate idealization. However, neither accommodates a second concern, the objection from potential bias. We develop a third model that crucially invokes causal considerations, yielding a novel resolution that handles both concerns. This approach resembles Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) and relates the generalization’s confirmation to confirmation of (...)
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  12.  6
    All Ravens can be Black, After All.Ruurik Holm - 2021 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 30 (4):657-669.
    This article discusses the problem of non-zero probabilities for non-tautologous universal generalizations in Rudolf Carnap’s inductive logic when the domain of discourse is infinite. A solution is provided for a generalization of the form “all Xs are Ys”, for example “all ravens all black”. The solution is based on assuming that a significant part of the domain consists of non-Xs. This assumption can often be justified as a kind of ceteris paribus principle.
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  13. A Raven with a Halo: The Translation of Aristotle's "Politics".J. Schmidt - 1986 - History of Political Thought 7 (2):295.
  14. Ground.Michael J. Raven - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (5):322-333.
    This essay focuses on a recently prominent notion of ground which is distinctive for how it links metaphysics to explanation. Ground is supposed to serve both as the common factor in diverse in virtue of questions as well as the structuring relation in the project of explaining how some phenomena are “built” from more fundamental phenomena. My aim is to provide an opinionated synopsis of this notion of ground without engaging with others. Ground, so understood, generally resists illumination by appeal (...)
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  15.  15
    Ravens and writing-desks: Sokal and the two cultures.Ronald Shusterman - 1998 - Philosophy and Literature 22 (1):119-135.
  16. In Defence of Ground.Michael J. Raven - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):687 - 701.
    I defend (metaphysical) ground against recent, unanswered objections aiming to dismiss it from serious philosophical inquiry. Interest in ground stems from its role in the venerable metaphysical project of identifying which facts hold in virtue of others. Recent work on ground focuses on regimenting it. But many reject ground itself, seeing regimentation as yet another misguided attempt to regiment a bad idea (like phlogiston or astrology). I defend ground directly against objections that it is confused, incoherent, or fruitless. This vindicates (...)
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  17.  3
    Ravens at Play.Deborah Bird Rose, Stuart Cooke & Thom van Dooren - 2011 - Cultural Studies Review 17 (2).
    ‘We were driving through Death Valley, an American-Australian and two Aussies, taking the scenic route from Las Vegas to Santa Cruz.’ This multi-voiced account of multispecies encounters along a highway takes up the challenge of playful and humorous writing that is as well deeply serious and theoretically provocative. Our travels brought us into what Donna Haraway calls the contact zone: a region of recognition and response. The contact zone is a place of significant questions: ‘Who are you, and so who (...)
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  18. Fundamentality without Foundations.Michael J. Raven - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (3):607-626.
    A commonly held view is that a central aim of metaphysics is to give a fundamental account of reality which refers only to the fundamental entities. But a puzzle arises. It is at least a working hypothesis for those pursuing the aim that, first, there must be fundamental entities. But, second, it also seems possible that the world has no foundation, with each entity depending on others. These two claims are inconsistent with the widely held third claim that the fundamental (...)
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  19. RAVEN, C. E. - Natural Religion and Christian Theology. [REVIEW]R. J. Spilsbury - 1955 - Mind 64:280.
  20. RAVEN, Experience and Interpretation. [REVIEW]J. Heywood Thomas - 1953 - Hibbert Journal 52:209.
     
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  21. Hempel's Raven paradox: A lacuna in the standard bayesian solution.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (3):545-560.
    According to Hempel's paradox, evidence (E) that an object is a nonblack nonraven confirms the hypothesis (H) that every raven is black. According to the standard Bayesian solution, E does confirm H but only to a minute degree. This solution relies on the almost never explicitly defended assumption that the probability of H should not be affected by evidence that an object is nonblack. I argue that this assumption is implausible, and I propose a way out for Bayesians. Introduction (...)
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  22.  24
    Ravens and relevance.Yael Cohen - 1987 - Erkenntnis 26 (2):153 - 179.
  23.  5
    The Ravenous Hyenas and the Wounded Sun: Myth and Ritual in Ancient India.Joel P. Brereton & Stephanie W. Jamison - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (4):601.
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  24. Raven consciousness.Bernd Heinrich - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 47-52.
     
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  25. Is ground a strict partial order?Michael J. Raven - 2013 - American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (2):191-199.
    Interest surges in a distinctively metaphysical notion of ground. But a Schism has emerged between Orthodoxy’s view of ground as inducing a strict partial order structure on reality and Heresy’s rejection of this view. What’s at stake is the structure of reality (for proponents of ground), or even ground itself (for those who think this Schism casts doubt upon its coherence). I defend Orthodoxy against Heresy.
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  26. RAVEN, J. E. - Pythagoreans and Eleatics. [REVIEW]A. C. Lloyd - 1950 - Mind 59:117.
     
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  27. Inductive logic and the ravens paradox.Patrick Maher - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (1):50-70.
    Hempel's paradox of the ravens arises from the inconsistency of three prima facie plausible principles of confirmation. This paper uses Carnapian inductive logic to (a) identify which of the principles is false, (b) give insight into why this principle is false, and (c) identify a true principle that is sufficiently similar to the false one that failure to distinguish the two might explain why the false principle is prima facie plausible. This solution to the paradox is compared with a variety (...)
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  28.  17
    The enigma of the Raven.Vinciane Despret - 2015 - Angelaki 20 (2):57-72.
    Bernd Heinrich and Maine ravens are exemplars of Despret's concepts of politeness, “faire connaissance” and recruitment. He was dissuaded by his mentor from studying them due to their intelligence and their recalcitrance against reductive methods. Gaining their confidence would take years. Once he did so they allowed him to see an astonishing range of behaviors and they accepted him as a socius. This was research that took into account the interests of the ravens themselves to answer complicated questions about their (...)
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  29.  12
    The Raven, the Dove, and the owl of minerva: The creation of humankind in athens and jerusalemmark Glouberman toronto: University of toronto press, 2012; 356 pp.; $75.00. [REVIEW]Steven Burns - 2014 - Dialogue 53 (2):367-369.
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  30.  76
    The Ravens Revisited.Peter Lipton - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 61:75-95.
    Astronomers study the behaviour of the stars; philosophers of science study the behaviour of the astronomers. Philosophers of science, alongside historians and sociologists of science, are in the business of accounting for how science works and what it achieves. There is more to the philosophy of science than principled descriptions of scientific activity, since there are also all the normative questions of justification and warrant, but the descriptive task is an important part of the discipline and the primary focus of (...)
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  31.  1
    My Health Too: Investigating the Feasibility and the Acceptability of an Internet-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Program Developed for Healthcare Workers.Raven Bureau, Doha Bemmouna, Clara Gitahy Falcao Faria, Anne-Aline Catteau Goethals, Floriane Douhet, Amaury C. Mengin, Aurélie Fritsch, Anna Zinetti Bertschy, Isabelle Frey & Luisa Weiner - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: The COVID-19 crisis has had a considerable mental health impact on healthcare workers. High levels of psychological distress are expected to have a significant impact on healthcare systems, warranting the need for evidence-based psychological interventions targeting stress and fostering resilience in this population. Online cognitive behavioral therapy has proved to be effective in targeting stress and promoting resilience. However, online CBT programs targeting stress in healthcare workers are lacking.Objective: The aim of our study is to evaluate the feasibility and (...)
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  32.  3
    The Raven, the Dove, and the Owl of Minerva: The Creation of Humankind in Athens and Jerusalem.Mark Glouberman - 2012 - Toronto, ON, Canada: University of Toronto Press.
    This study presents a substantial revision to received ideas about the relationship between biblical and ancient Greek conceptions of human nature.
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  33.  10
    Bayesianism, Ravens, and Evidential Relevance.Robert T. Pennock - 2004 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 13 (1):1-26.
  34. New work for a theory of ground.Michael J. Raven - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (6):625-655.
    There has been much recent interest in a distinctively metaphysical kind of determinative explanation: ground. This paper concerns various skeptical challenges to ground’s relevance to metaphysics, such as that it is an empty posit, that the work it is supposed to do is appropriated by other notions, and that it is inapt for specific issues it should serve. I argue against these challenges. My strategy is both critical and constructive. Critical because I argue that versions of these challenges raised by (...)
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  35.  14
    Subadult ravens generally don't transfer valuable tokens to conspecifics when there is nothing to gain for themselves.Jorg J. M. Massen, Megan Lambert, Martina Schiestl & Thomas Bugnyar - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  36.  42
    The ravens, hempel and goodman.C. A. Hooker - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):82-89.
  37.  30
    Mistaking Judgments of the Agreeable and Judgments of Taste.Francis Raven - 2008 - Kritike 2 (2):112-130.
    In the Critique of the Power of Judgment, Kant develops a rigorous formulation of aesthetic judgments, in which he makes a sharp distinction between judgments of taste and judgments of the agreeable if only to dismiss judgments of the agreeable as worthy objects of study. Kant is primarily concerned with judgments of taste, the main example of which is judging something to be beautiful. He asserts that such judgments are subjective, universal, necessary, disinterested, and do not presuppose a purpose. The (...)
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  38. A Puzzle for Social Essences.Michael J. Raven - 2022 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 8 (1):128-148.
    The social world contains institutions, groups, objects, and more. This essay explores a puzzle about the essences of social items. There is widespread consensus against social essences because of problematic presuppositions often made about them. But it is argued that essence can be freed from these presuppositions and their problems. Even so, a puzzle still arises. In a Platonic spirit, essences in general seem detached from the world. In an Aristotelian spirit, social essences in particular seem embedded in the world. (...)
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  39.  6
    Diderick Raven, Wolfgang Krohn and Robert S. Cohen , Edgar Zilsel: The social origins of modern science. Boston studies in the philosophy of science, 200. Dordrecht, boston and London: Kluwer academic publishers, 2000. Pp. lix+267. Isbn 0-7923-6457-0. 89.00, $143.00. [REVIEW]John Henry - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (4):477-478.
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  40.  5
    Raven, Pythagoreans and Eleatics.Benson Mates - 1949 - Classical Weekly 43:59.
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  41. Explaining essences.Michael J. Raven - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (4):1043-1064.
    This paper explores the prospects of combining two views. The first view is metaphysical rationalism : all things have an explanation. The second view is metaphysical essentialism: there are real essences. The exploration is motivated by a conflict between the views. Metaphysical essentialism posits facts about essences. Metaphysical rationalism demands explanations for all facts. But facts about essences appear to resist explanation. I consider two solutions to the conflict. Exemption solutions attempt to exempt facts about essences from the demand for (...)
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  42.  3
    Anaxagoras. [REVIEW]J. E. Raven - 1950 - The Classical Review 64 (3-4):108-109.
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  43. The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding.Michael J. Raven (ed.) - 2020 - New York: Routledge.
    A collection of 37 essays surveying the state of the art on metaphysical ground. -/- Essay authors are: Fatema Amijee, Ricki Bliss, Amanda Bryant, Margaret Cameron, Phil Corkum, Fabrice Correia, Louis deRosset, Scott Dixon, Tom Donaldson, Nina Emery, Kit Fine, Martin Glazier, Kathrin Koslicki, David Mark Kovacs, Stephan Krämer, Stephanie Leary, Stephan Leuenberger, Jon Litland, Marko Malink, Michaela McSweeney, Kevin Mulligan, Alyssa Ney, Asya Passinsky, Francesca Poggiolesi, Kevin Richardson, Stefan Roski, Noel Saenz, Benjamin Schnieder, Erica Shumener, Alexander Skiles, Olla Solomyak, (...)
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  44. On 'ravens and relevance' and a likelihood solution of the paradox of confirmation.L. Gibson - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):75-80.
  45. The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts.G. S. Kirk & John Earle Raven - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book traces the intellectual revolution initiated by Thales in the sixth century BC to its culmination in the metaphysics of Parmenides.
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  46. Is Logic Out of This World?Michael J. Raven - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy 117 (10):557-577.
    Is logic out of this world? This elusive question reveals a tension in our thinking about the basis of logic: both worldly and unworldly answers get something right and yet they conflict. My aim is to clarify the question and explore a conciliatory answer. I focus on a characterization of unworldliness in terms of ground. This allows for a distinction between proximal and distal unworldliness. That in turn reconfigures our approach to the question. It may now be taken as asking (...)
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  47.  1
    Swans, Ravens, Death and Tyranny: On the Mythology of Freedom.Wendy C. Hamblet - 2009 - Philosophical Frontiers: A Journal of Emerging Thought 4 (2).
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  48.  2
    The Category of Person in Language.Raven I. McDavid & Paul Forchheimer - 1957 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 77 (1):63.
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  49. The Presocratic Philosophers.G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven & M. Schofield - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):465-469.
     
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  50.  17
    A Problem for Immanent Universals in States of Affairs.Michael J. Raven - 2022 - American Philosophical Quarterly 59 (1):1-9.
    This paper raises a problem for the pair of views that universals are immanent in their instantiations and that these instantiations, or states of affairs, are somehow constructed from the instantiated universals. It is argued that the pair is inconsistent. The first view implies that universals are prior to states of affairs, whereas the second view implies that states of affairs are prior to universals. This paper does not attempt to solve this problem, but rather to formulate it precisely. That (...)
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