Results for 'Randall R. Rojas'

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  1.  28
    A Bayesian Theory of Sequential Causal Learning and Abstract Transfer.Hongjing Lu, Randall R. Rojas, Tom Beckers & Alan L. Yuille - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (2):404-439.
    Two key research issues in the field of causal learning are how people acquire causal knowledge when observing data that are presented sequentially, and the level of abstraction at which learning takes place. Does sequential causal learning solely involve the acquisition of specific cause-effect links, or do learners also acquire knowledge about abstract causal constraints? Recent empirical studies have revealed that experience with one set of causal cues can dramatically alter subsequent learning and performance with entirely different cues, suggesting that (...)
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  2. Socrates’ Version of the Opacity Objection.R. Wolfe Randall & Nicholas D. Smith - 2019 - In Nicholas D. Smith Stephen Hetherington (ed.), What the Ancients Offer to Contemporary Epistemology. New York, NY, USA: pp. 8-24.
    This chapter argues that the objection that Socrates makes against diviners, poets, and rhapsodies having knowledge is an example of what has come to be known as an opacity objection: that is, some aspect of what would be required for them to know is unrecognised by them. This chapter contends that the opacity is of a different kind than what contemporary epistemologists have considered, and claims that Socrates’ specific version should have a place in contemporary theory of knowledge.
     
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  3.  99
    Artifacts, Art Works, and Agency.Randall R. Dipert - 1993 - Temple University Press.
    This is the first philosophical study of artifacts that is book length. In it Randall Dipert develops a theory of what artifacts are and applies it extensively to one of the most complex and intriguing kind of artifacts, art works. He presents his own account of what agents, intentions, and actions are, then uses these notions to clarify what it is for an agent to "make" something. From this starting point, he develops a full theory of artifacts and other (...)
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  4. The mathematical structure of the world: The world as graph.Randall R. Dipert - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (7):329-358.
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  5.  24
    The Mathematical Structure of the World: The World as Graph.Randall R. Dipert - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (7):329-358.
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  6.  65
    The Ethics of Cyberwarfare.Randall R. Dipert - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):384-410.
    The paper addresses several issues in the morality of cyberwar and cyberwarfare, defined as one nation's attacks on the governmental or civilian information systems of another nation. It sketches the diverse technical ways in which an attack may occur, including denial-of-service attacks and the insertion of various forms of malware. It argues that existing international law and widely discussed principles of Just War Theory do not straightforwardly apply to cyberwarfare, and many forms of cyberwarfare differ from previous forms of warfare (...)
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  7.  14
    The Puzzle of Music and Emotion in Rand's Aesthetics.Randall R. Dipert - 2001 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):387 - 394.
    Randall R. Dipert argues that, at first glance, Rand's view of representational arts, such as literature and the visual arts, might seem to have little applicability to pure music. Nevertheless, Rand took music without words as a serious art form, and struggled to develop a plausible theory of music. As Torres and Kamhi note in What Art Is, Rand's approach probably contradicted certain elements of her full aesthetic theory. But her theory of music and its relationship to emotions offers (...)
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  8. Some Issues in the Theory of Artifacts.Randall R. Dipert - 1995 - The Monist 78 (2):119-135.
    I do not think that previous writing on artifacts has been satisfactory, for reasons that will become clear. This situation has only been slightly remedied, I believe, by works such as my Artifacts, Agency, and Art Works, Dipert, sometimes referred to here as “AAA.” At the same time, I believe that a general notion of artifact is crucial for philosophy: the concept of an artifact is a central piece of our conception of the world. One of the important projects in (...)
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  9.  3
    Living Well Now and in the Future: Why Sustainability Matters.Randall R. Curren - 2017 - Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
    The main focus of this book is the normative or ethical aspects of sustainability, including matters of justice in governance that is important to sustainability. The idea of sustainability is widely perceived as having a normative dimension, often referred to as equity, but the character of this normative dimension is seldom explored. The book aims to fill this gap in the literature of sustainability. It proposes a conceptualization of sustainability that is geared to clarifying its essential ethical structure. It frames (...)
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  10. Peirce’s Propositional Logic.Randall R. Dipert - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (3):569 - 595.
    BEFORE Frege’s Begriffsschrift, propositional logic was submerged in the often murky theory of the "hypothetical syllogism." With the exception of the Stoa, a handful of astute mediaeval logicians, Leibniz, and Bolzano, one might well obtain the impression from studying the history of logic that Frege created his theory ex nihilo—which is substantially true, since Frege was apparently little influenced by previous work. One might also obtain the impression, especially by reading Frege himself, that very little was being done on propositional (...)
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  11. Reflections on iconicity, representation, and resemblance: Peirce's theory of signs, Goodman on resemblance, and modern philosophies of language and mind.Randall R. Dipert - 1996 - Synthese 106 (3):373 - 397.
  12.  20
    Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Randall R. Curren - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Aristotle regarded law and education as the two fundamental and deeply interdependent tools of political art, making the use of education by the statesman a topic of the first importance in his practical philosophy. The present work develops the first comprehensive treatment of this neglected topic, and assesses the importance of Aristotle's defense of public education for current debates about school choice and privatization, and educational equality.
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  13.  22
    Other-than-Internet (OTI) Cyberwarfare: Challenges for Ethics, Law, and Policy.Randall R. Dipert - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (1):34-53.
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  14. Randall R. Dipert, Artifacts, Art Works, and Agency. [REVIEW]Brigitte Sassen - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (2):89-91.
     
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  15.  14
    Paths to Reducing Medical Injury: Professional Liability and Discipline vs. Patient Safety ? and the Need for a Third Way.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Robert H. Miller & David W. Shapiro - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 29 (3-4):369-380.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of care. Clinicians may mistakenly cause new harm to a patient or fail to take established steps to improve the presenting condition. Medical institutions within which they work may lack mechanisms to reduce errors or prevent them from harming patients. Many, perhaps even most, injuries are preventable, probably numbering in the hundreds of thousands a year for hospital care alone. Long ignored by medical practitioners and health-care payers and little appreciated by the (...)
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  16.  8
    Paths to Reducing Medical Injury: Professional Liability and Discipline vs. Patient Safety — And the Need for a Third Way.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Robert H. Miller & David W. Shapiro - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 29 (3-4):369-380.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of care. Clinicians may mistakenly cause new harm to a patient or fail to take established steps to improve the presenting condition. Medical institutions within which they work may lack mechanisms to reduce errors or prevent them from harming patients. Many, perhaps even most, injuries are preventable, probably numbering in the hundreds of thousands a year for hospital care alone. Long ignored by medical practitioners and health-care payers and little appreciated by the (...)
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  17.  15
    U.S. Health Care Coverage and Costs: Historical Development and Choices for the 1990s.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Charles C. Griffin & Caitlin E. Carroll - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):141-162.
    American health policy today faces dual problems of too little coverage at too high a cost. The mix of private and public financing leaves about one seventh of the population without any insurance coverage. At the same time, the coverage Americans do have costs an ever-larger share of our country’s productive capacity. The U.S. pays well above what other countries pay and what many people, health plans, businesses, and governments want to pay. This “paradox of excess and deprivation” results from (...)
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  18.  19
    U.S. Health Care Coverage and Costs: Historical Development and Choices for the 1990s.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Charles C. Griffin & Caitlin E. Carroll - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):141-162.
    American health policy today faces dual problems of too little health coverage at too high a cost. The mix of public and private financing leaves about one seventh of the population without any insurance coverage. At the same time, the coverage Americans do have costs an ever-larger share of our country's productive capacity. This "paradox of excess and deprivation" results from the incremental approach the U.S. has taken to promoting incompatible policy goals of increasing health insurance coverage and medical quality (...)
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  19. Randall R. Curren, Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education Reviewed by.Frances Kroeker - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (2):106-108.
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  20. Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Randall R. Curren, Barbara Koziak, Waller Newell, Nalin Ranasinghe & Patrick J. Deneen - 2000 - Political Theory 30 (3):441-448.
     
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  21.  63
    Set—Theoretical Representations of Ordered Pairs and Their Adequacy for the Logic of Relations.Randall R. Dipert - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):353 - 374.
    One of the most significant discoveries of early twentieth century mathematical logic was a workable definition of ‘ordered pair’ totally within set theory. Norbert Wiener, and independently Casimir Kuratowski, are usually credited with this discovery. A definition of ‘ordered pair’ held the key to the precise formulation of the notions of ‘relation’ and ‘function’ — both of which are probably indispensable for an understanding of the foundations of mathematics. The set-theoretic definition of ‘ordered pair’ thus turned out to be a (...)
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  22.  11
    The High Cost of Administration in Health Care: Part of the Problem or Part of the Solution?Randall R. Bovbjerg - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (2):186-194.
  23. Peirce's underestimated place in the history of logic: A response to Quine.Randall R. Dipert - 1995 - In Kenneth Laine Ketner (ed.), Peirce and Contemporary Thought: Philosophical Inquiries. Fordham University Press. pp. 32--58.
     
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  24. Can Virtue be Measured?Randall R. Curren & Randall Curren & Ben Kotzee - 2014 - Theory and Research in Education 3 (12):266-283.
    This paper explores some general considerations bearing on the question of whether virtue can be measured. What is moral virtue? What are measurement and evaluation, and what do they presuppose about the nature of what is measured or evaluated? What are the prospective contexts of, and purposes for, measuring or evaluating virtue, and how would these shape the legitimacy, methods, and likely success of measurement and evaluation? We contrast the realist presuppositions of virtue and measurement of virtue with the behavioral (...)
     
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  25. Aristotelian Necessities.Randall R. Curren & Randall Curren - 2013 - The Good Society 2 (22):247-163.
     
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  26. A Neo-Aristotelian Account of Education, Justice, and the Human Good.Randall R. Curren - 2013 - Theory and Research in Education 3 (11):232-250.
     
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  27.  4
    Aristotle's Educational Politics and the Aristotelain Renaissance in Philosophy of Education.Randall R. Curren - 2010 - Oxford Review of Education 5 (36):543-559.
    This paper assesses the historical meaning and contemporary significance of Aristotle’s educational ideas. It begins with a broad characterization of the project of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Politics, which he calls “political science” (hê politikê epistêmê), and the central place of education in his vision of statesmanship. It proceeds through a series of topics fundamental to his educational ideas, culminating in the account of education in Politics VIII. A concluding section appraises the uses to which Aristotelian ideas are currently put (...)
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  28.  25
    Toward a Hermeneutics of Memory and Multiple Personality.Randall R. Lyle - 1998 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (2/3):39-43.
    Barnhardt, in “Dissociation: An Evolutionary Interpretation,” makes a case for understanding multiple personality as a “natural”phenomenon resulting from human biological evolution. He also argues that the reason that “multiple personalities” are not encountered more frequently is a result of a social construction encouraging “single” personalities. He concludes that it is from the interaction between the two that ethics derive. In this response I offer an alternative hermeneutic, using memory as the interpretive key, and by introducing Ricoeur’s work on narrative. highlight (...)
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  29. Virtue Epistemology and Education.Randall R. Curren - 2019 - In Heather Battaly (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Virtue Epistemology. New York, NY, USA: pp. 470-482.
    This chapter addresses some basic questions about the cultivation of responsibilist intellectual virtue. What is intellectual virtue? How are specific intellectual virtues defined and how do they contribute to intellectual virtue in general? What are the epistemic goods at which intellectual virtue and virtues aim? What justifies education in epistemic virtue, understood as a state of intellectual character? How should the motivational aspect of epistemic character be understood? How can educators cultivate a devotion to epistemic goods for themselves? How can (...)
     
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  30.  24
    The Life and Logical Contributions of O. H. Mitchell, Peirce's Gifted Student.Randall R. Dipert - 1994 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 30 (3):515 - 542.
  31.  18
    Liability Reform Should Make Patients Safer: "Avoidable Classes of Events" are a Key Improvement.Randall R. Bovbjerg & Laurence R. Tancredi - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):478-500.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of medical care. This truth is as distressing now as it was four years ago when it began an article in this journal’s last similar symposium. Many or most injuries seem preventable. Yet today’s systems of care and of oversight of care too often fail to prevent them, despite generations of increasing legal intervention. Few injuries are litigated, even fewer addressed through medical peer review or state disciplinary authorities. The Institute of Medicine’s (...)
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  32.  25
    Peirce on Mach and Absolute Space.Randall R. Dipert - 1973 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 9 (2):79 - 94.
  33.  10
    Liability Reform Should Make Patients Safer: “Avoidable Classes of Events” are a Key Improvement.Randall R. Bovbjerg & Laurence R. Tancredi - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):478-500.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of medical care. This truth is as distressing now as it was four years ago when it began an article in this journal’s last similar symposium. Many or most injuries seem preventable. Yet today’s systems of care and of oversight of care too often fail to prevent them, despite generations of increasing legal intervention. Few injuries are litigated, even fewer addressed through medical peer review or state disciplinary authorities. The Institute of Medicine’s (...)
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  34.  5
    Wisdom and the Origins of Moral Knowledge.Randall R. Curren & Randall Curren - 2019 - In Elisa Grimi (ed.), Virtue Ethics: Retrospect and Prospect. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 67-80.
    Aristotle presents his Nicomachean Ethics and Politics as an ordered pair comprising political science (hê politikê epistêmê), suggesting an axiomatic structure of theorems that are demonstratively deduced from first principles. He holds that this systematic knowledge of ethical and legislative matters provides the ‘universals’ essential to phronesis or practical wisdom, and that its acquisition begins in sound habituation. Aristotle thereby assigns habituation an epistemic role that must be understood in light of his account of the nature of a science. This (...)
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  35.  9
    Peirce's Theory of the Geometrical Structure of Physical Space.Randall R. Dipert - 1977 - Isis 68 (3):404-413.
  36. Lewis Rowell, Thinking About Music Reviewed by.Randall R. Dipert - 1984 - Philosophy in Review 4 (4):178-181.
     
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  37.  7
    Education, history of philosophy of.Randall R. Curren - 2018 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  38.  18
    Joseph Brent. Charles Sanders Peirce. A life. Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis1993, xvi + 388 pp. [REVIEW]Randall R. Dipert - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (1):348-352.
  39.  26
    The Substantive Impact of Computers on Philosophy Prolegomena to a Computational and Information-The.Randall R. Dipert - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (1&2):146-157.
  40. The nature and structure of emotions.Randall R. Dipert - 1998
    Philosophers have almost always said something about emotions and passions whenever they have discussed human mental life. Many have asserted that it is some emotions or, more broadly, passions, that are to be primarily valued and sought. These valued passionate states of mind might include emotions, moods, desires, belief-like feelings of conviction and commitment, and romantic or erotic love, which are typically scarcely distinguished. Not only are these states of mind lumped together, but the reasons why they are valued may (...)
     
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  41. Two unjustly neglected aspects of C.s. Peirce's philosophy of mind.Randall R. Dipert - manuscript
    Few philosophers today know much about Charles Peirce’s metaphysics, although a great many know something about his epistemology, philosophy of science, and logic. Indeed, few Peirce experts have written much on his metaphysics or made it the focus of their research. To an extent, this is understandable. Peirce’s writings were left in a disastrously disorganized state (mostly unpublished), and the crucial papers on metaphysics from his later years have not yet been republished in the first-rate chronological edition, the incomplete Writings (...)
     
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  42.  33
    The substantive impact of computers on philosophy: Prolegomena to a computational and information-theoretic metaphysics.Randall R. Dipert - 2002 - In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Metaphilosophy. Blackwell. pp. 146-157.
  43.  33
    Peirce's theory of the dimensionality of physical space.Randall R. Dipert - 1978 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (1):61-70.
  44.  19
    Review: A. T. Shearman, The Development of Symbolic Logic. A Critical-Historical Study of the Logical Calculus. [REVIEW]Randall R. Dipert - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (4):1485-1487.
  45.  21
    Coherence and engineering design.Randall R. Dipert - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (1):152-158.
  46.  17
    Thinking, Language, and Experience.Randall R. Dipert - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (3):618-620.
    This is an extensive and diffuse collection of essays woven together by a number of leitmotifs. It is a work by a technically virtuosic professional philosopher for readers with the same credentials; even many of the complicated examples use extensive insider information about the institution of professional analytic philosophy in the last half of the twentieth century in the United States. In the sequence of its chapters, we see a development that in some ways mirrors Castañeda's philosophical career and topics (...)
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  47. Populism and the Fate of Civic Friendship.Randall R. Curren - 2019 - In James Arthur (ed.), Virtues in the Public Sphere: Citizenship, Civic Friendship and Duty. Abingdon, UK: pp. 92-107.
    Aristotle’s Politics offers both a broad diagnosis of the hazards of contemporary populism and a broad characterization of actionable remedies, and it does so in conjunction with an ideal of political societies as properly partnerships in living well, characterized by voluntary cooperation, mutual advantage, and civic friendship. The task of this paper is to explain the diagnosis, remedies, and ideals more fully and to illustrate their currency and value in contemporary political analysis. It addresses Aristotle’s views on demagogues and civic (...)
     
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  48.  7
    A. T. Shearman. The development of symbolic logic. A critical-historical study of the logical calculus. A reprint of 1413. Thoemmes, Bristol1990, xi + 242 pp. [REVIEW]Randall R. Dipert - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (4):1485-1487.
  49.  44
    Art, Artifacts, and Regarded Intentions.Randall R. Dipert - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (4):401 - 408.
  50.  44
    Types and tokens: A reply to Sharpe.Randall R. Dipert - 1980 - Mind 89 (356):587-588.
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