Results for 'Randall R. Rojas'

999 found
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  1.  39
    A Bayesian Theory of Sequential Causal Learning and Abstract Transfer.Hongjing Lu, Randall R. Rojas, Tom Beckers & Alan L. Yuille - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (2):404-439.
    Two key research issues in the field of causal learning are how people acquire causal knowledge when observing data that are presented sequentially, and the level of abstraction at which learning takes place. Does sequential causal learning solely involve the acquisition of specific cause-effect links, or do learners also acquire knowledge about abstract causal constraints? Recent empirical studies have revealed that experience with one set of causal cues can dramatically alter subsequent learning and performance with entirely different cues, suggesting that (...)
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  2. Philosophy of Education.Randall R. Curren (ed.) - 1999 - Philosophy of Education Society.
  3.  38
    The substantive impact of computers on philosophy: Prolegomena to a computational and information-theoretic metaphysics.Randall R. Dipert - 2002 - In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Cyberphilosophy: the intersection of philosophy and computing. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 146-157.
  4.  13
    Living Well Now and in the Future: Why Sustainability Matters.Randall R. Curren - 2017 - Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
    The main focus of this book is the normative or ethical aspects of sustainability, including matters of justice in governance that is important to sustainability. The idea of sustainability is widely perceived as having a normative dimension, often referred to as equity, but the character of this normative dimension is seldom explored. The book aims to fill this gap in the literature of sustainability. It proposes a conceptualization of sustainability that is geared to clarifying its essential ethical structure. It frames (...)
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  5.  39
    Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Randall R. Curren - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Aristotle regarded law and education as the two fundamental and deeply interdependent tools of political art, making the use of education by the statesman a topic of the first importance in his practical philosophy. The present work develops the first comprehensive treatment of this neglected topic, and assesses the importance of Aristotle's defense of public education for current debates about school choice and privatization, and educational equality.
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  6. Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Randall R. Curren, Barbara Koziak, Waller Newell, Nalin Ranasinghe & Patrick J. Deneen - 2000 - Political Theory 30 (3):441-448.
     
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  7.  22
    Paths to Reducing Medical Injury: Professional Liability and Discipline vs. Patient Safety ? and the Need for a Third Way.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Robert H. Miller & David W. Shapiro - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 29 (3-4):369-380.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of care. Clinicians may mistakenly cause new harm to a patient or fail to take established steps to improve the presenting condition. Medical institutions within which they work may lack mechanisms to reduce errors or prevent them from harming patients. Many, perhaps even most, injuries are preventable, probably numbering in the hundreds of thousands a year for hospital care alone. Long ignored by medical practitioners and health-care payers and little appreciated by the (...)
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  8.  20
    Paths to Reducing Medical Injury: Professional Liability and Discipline vs. Patient Safety — And the Need for a Third Way.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Robert H. Miller & David W. Shapiro - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 29 (3-4):369-380.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of care. Clinicians may mistakenly cause new harm to a patient or fail to take established steps to improve the presenting condition. Medical institutions within which they work may lack mechanisms to reduce errors or prevent them from harming patients. Many, perhaps even most, injuries are preventable, probably numbering in the hundreds of thousands a year for hospital care alone. Long ignored by medical practitioners and health-care payers and little appreciated by the (...)
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  9. Artifacts, art works, and agency.Randall R. Dipert - 1993 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    This is the first philosophical study of artifacts that is book length. In it Randall Dipert develops a theory of what artifacts are and applies it extensively to one of the most complex and intriguing kind of artifacts, art works. He presents his own account of what agents, intentions, and actions are, then uses these notions to clarify what it is for an agent to "make" something. From this starting point, he develops a full theory of artifacts and other (...)
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  10. Can Virtue be Measured?Randall R. Curren & Randall Curren & Ben Kotzee - 2014 - Theory and Research in Education 3 (12):266-283.
    This paper explores some general considerations bearing on the question of whether virtue can be measured. What is moral virtue? What are measurement and evaluation, and what do they presuppose about the nature of what is measured or evaluated? What are the prospective contexts of, and purposes for, measuring or evaluating virtue, and how would these shape the legitimacy, methods, and likely success of measurement and evaluation? We contrast the realist presuppositions of virtue and measurement of virtue with the behavioral (...)
     
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  11.  11
    Aristotle's Educational Politics and the Aristotelain Renaissance in Philosophy of Education.Randall R. Curren - 2010 - Oxford Review of Education 5 (36):543-559.
    This paper assesses the historical meaning and contemporary significance of Aristotle’s educational ideas. It begins with a broad characterization of the project of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Politics, which he calls “political science” (hê politikê epistêmê), and the central place of education in his vision of statesmanship. It proceeds through a series of topics fundamental to his educational ideas, culminating in the account of education in Politics VIII. A concluding section appraises the uses to which Aristotelian ideas are currently put (...)
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  12. Virtue Epistemology and Education.Randall R. Curren - 2019 - In Heather Battaly (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Virtue Epistemology. New York, NY, USA: pp. 470-482.
    This chapter addresses some basic questions about the cultivation of responsibilist intellectual virtue. What is intellectual virtue? How are specific intellectual virtues defined and how do they contribute to intellectual virtue in general? What are the epistemic goods at which intellectual virtue and virtues aim? What justifies education in epistemic virtue, understood as a state of intellectual character? How should the motivational aspect of epistemic character be understood? How can educators cultivate a devotion to epistemic goods for themselves? How can (...)
     
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  13. A Neo-Aristotelian Account of Education, Justice, and the Human Good.Randall R. Curren - 2013 - Theory and Research in Education 3 (11):232-250.
     
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  14.  26
    U.S. Health Care Coverage and Costs: Historical Development and Choices for the 1990s.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Charles C. Griffin & Caitlin E. Carroll - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):141-162.
    American health policy today faces dual problems of too little health coverage at too high a cost. The mix of public and private financing leaves about one seventh of the population without any insurance coverage. At the same time, the coverage Americans do have costs an ever-larger share of our country's productive capacity. This "paradox of excess and deprivation" results from the incremental approach the U.S. has taken to promoting incompatible policy goals of increasing health insurance coverage and medical quality (...)
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  15.  22
    U.S. Health Care Coverage and Costs: Historical Development and Choices for the 1990s.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Charles C. Griffin & Caitlin E. Carroll - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):141-162.
    American health policy today faces dual problems of too little coverage at too high a cost. The mix of private and public financing leaves about one seventh of the population without any insurance coverage. At the same time, the coverage Americans do have costs an ever-larger share of our country’s productive capacity. The U.S. pays well above what other countries pay and what many people, health plans, businesses, and governments want to pay. This “paradox of excess and deprivation” results from (...)
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  16. Aristotelian Necessities.Randall R. Curren & Randall Curren - 2013 - The Good Society 2 (22):247-163.
     
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  17. The mathematical structure of the world: The world as graph.Randall R. Dipert - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (7):329-358.
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  18. Philosophy of Education: An Anthology.Randall R. Curren (ed.) - 2006 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Philosophy of Education: An Anthology brings together the essential historical and contemporary readings in the philosophy of education. The readings have been selected for their philosophical merit, their focus on important aspects of educational practice and their readability. Includes classic pieces by Plato, Aristotle, Isocrates, Locke, Rousseau, Mill, and Dewey. Addresses topical issues such as teacher professionalism and accountability, the commercialization of schooling, multicultural education, and parental choice.
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  19. Justice, instruction, and the good: The case for public education in Aristotle and Plato'sLaws.Randall R. Curren - 1994 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 13 (1):1-31.
    This paper develops an interpretation and analysis of the arguments for public education which open Book VIII of Aristotle's Politics , drawing on both the wider Aristotelian corpus and on examination of continuities with Plato's Laws . Part III : Sections VIII-XI examine the two arguments which Aristotle adduces in support of the claim that education should be provided through a public system. The first of these arguments concerns the need to unify society through education for friendship and the sharing (...)
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  20.  22
    Liability Reform Should Make Patients Safer: "Avoidable Classes of Events" are a Key Improvement.Randall R. Bovbjerg & Laurence R. Tancredi - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):478-500.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of medical care. This truth is as distressing now as it was four years ago when it began an article in this journal’s last similar symposium. Many or most injuries seem preventable. Yet today’s systems of care and of oversight of care too often fail to prevent them, despite generations of increasing legal intervention. Few injuries are litigated, even fewer addressed through medical peer review or state disciplinary authorities. The Institute of Medicine’s (...)
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  21.  14
    Liability Reform Should Make Patients Safer: “Avoidable Classes of Events” are a Key Improvement.Randall R. Bovbjerg & Laurence R. Tancredi - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):478-500.
    Too many patients are injured in the course of medical care. This truth is as distressing now as it was four years ago when it began an article in this journal’s last similar symposium. Many or most injuries seem preventable. Yet today’s systems of care and of oversight of care too often fail to prevent them, despite generations of increasing legal intervention. Few injuries are litigated, even fewer addressed through medical peer review or state disciplinary authorities. The Institute of Medicine’s (...)
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  22.  18
    Education, history of philosophy of.Randall R. Curren - 2018 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  23.  35
    The Mathematical Structure of the World.Randall R. Dipert - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (7):329-358.
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  24.  31
    Justice, instruction, and the good: The case for public education in Aristotle and Plato's Laws.Randall R. Curren - 1993 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 11 (4):293-311.
    This paper develops an interpretation and analysis of the arguments for public education which open Book VIII of Aristotle's Politics, drawing on both the wider Aristotelian corpus and on examination of continuities with Plato's Laws. Part I: The paper opens with the question of why Aristotle would say that no one will doubt that education should be the concern of the legislator, and Sections I–III identify the nature of his enterprise in the Politics, the audience he wishes to address, the (...)
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  25.  11
    Justice, instruction, and the good: The case for public education in Aristotle and Plato's Laws.Randall R. Curren - 1993 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 12 (2-4):103-126.
    This paper develops an interpretation and analysis of the arguments for public education which open Book VIII of Aristotle's Politics, drawing on both the wider Aristotelian corpus and on examination of continuities with Plato's Laws.Part II: Sections IV–VII examine the arguments for the first of the two conclusions which Aristotle advances in VIII. 1, namely that education is important enough to merit the legislator's attention. It is shown, through a development of links between Politics V and the arguments of VIII. (...)
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  26.  28
    The Idea of Popular Sovereignty Two Hundred Years After Bastille.Randall R. Curren - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 3:119-137.
  27.  90
    The Ethics of Cyberwarfare.Randall R. Dipert - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):384-410.
    The paper addresses several issues in the morality of cyberwar and cyberwarfare, defined as one nation's attacks on the governmental or civilian information systems of another nation. It sketches the diverse technical ways in which an attack may occur, including denial-of-service attacks and the insertion of various forms of malware. It argues that existing international law and widely discussed principles of Just War Theory do not straightforwardly apply to cyberwarfare, and many forms of cyberwarfare differ from previous forms of warfare (...)
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  28. Friday Night Lights Out: The End of Football in Schools.Randall R. Curren - 2018 - Harvard Educational Review 2 (88):141-162.
     
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  29.  11
    Wisdom and the Origins of Moral Knowledge.Randall R. Curren & Randall Curren - 2019 - In Elisa Grimi, John Haldane, Maria Margarita Mauri Alvarez, Michael Wladika, Marco Damonte, Michael Slote, Randall Curren, Christian B. Miller, Liezl Zyl, Christopher D. Owens, Scott J. Roniger, Michele Mangini, Nancy Snow & Christopher Toner (eds.), Virtue Ethics: Retrospect and Prospect. Springer. pp. 67-80.
    Aristotle presents his Nicomachean Ethics and Politics as an ordered pair comprising political science (hê politikê epistêmê), suggesting an axiomatic structure of theorems that are demonstratively deduced from first principles. He holds that this systematic knowledge of ethical and legislative matters provides the ‘universals’ essential to phronesis or practical wisdom, and that its acquisition begins in sound habituation. Aristotle thereby assigns habituation an epistemic role that must be understood in light of his account of the nature of a science. This (...)
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  30. Some Issues in the Theory of Artifacts.Randall R. Dipert - 1995 - The Monist 78 (2):119-135.
    I do not think that previous writing on artifacts has been satisfactory, for reasons that will become clear. This situation has only been slightly remedied, I believe, by works such as my Artifacts, Agency, and Art Works, Dipert, sometimes referred to here as “AAA.” At the same time, I believe that a general notion of artifact is crucial for philosophy: the concept of an artifact is a central piece of our conception of the world. One of the important projects in (...)
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  31. Pluralism About Group Knowledge: A Reply to Jesper Kallestrup.Avram Hiller & R. Wolfe Randall - 2023 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 12 (1):39-45.
    Jesper Kallestrup has provided an insightful response to our paper, “Epistemic Structure in Non-Summative Social Knowledge”. Kallestrup identifies some important issues pertaining to our non-summative, non-supervenient account of group knowledge which we did not address in our original paper. Here, we develop our view further in light of Kallestrup’s helpful reply.
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  32. Group Dispositional Belief, Information Possession, and “Epistemic Explosion”: A Further Reply to Jesper Kallestrup.Avram Hiller & R. Wolfe Randall - 2023 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 12 (5):8-16.
  33.  46
    A Causal Theory of Negligence.Randall R. Curren - 1992 - Social Philosophy Today 7:111-124.
    The aim of this paper is to outline a novel rationale for the negligence standard of liability in tort law. On this view, the negligence standard has a causal character which is seldom recognized, but which was recognized by Aristotle, who first formulated the standard. The proposed rationale is extracted from its Aristotelian roots and presented as an alternative to the two others which have been discussed in recent years, both of which are widely regarded as flawed.
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  34. Academic Standards and Constitutive Luck.Randall R. Curren - 2009 - In Maureen Eckert & Robert B. Talisse (eds.), A Teacher's Life: Essays for Steven M. Cahn. Lanham, MD 20706, USA: pp. 13-32.
     
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  35. Cardinal Virtues of Academic Administration.Randall R. Curren - 2008 - Theory and Research in Education 3 (6):63-86.
    The aim of this paper is to articulate the basic elements of a comprehensive ethic of academic administration, organized around a set of three cardinal virtues: commitment to the good of the institution; good administrative judgment; and conscientiousness in discharging the duties of the office. In addition to explaining this framework and defending its adequacy, the paper develops an account of the nature of integrity, and argues that the three cardinal virtues of academic administration can be captured in the concept (...)
     
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  36.  31
    Handbook of philosophy of education.Randall R. Curren (ed.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The Handbook of Philosophy of Education is a comprehensive guide to the most important questions about education that are being addressed by philosophers today. Authored by an international team of distinguished philosophers, its thirty-five chapters address fundamental, timely, and controversial questions about educational aims, justice, policy, and practices. Section I (Fundamental Questions) addresses the aims of education, authority to educate, the roles of values and evidence in guiding educational choices, and fundamental questions about human cognition, learning, well-being, and identity. Section (...)
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  37.  28
    Other-than-Internet (OTI) Cyberwarfare: Challenges for Ethics, Law, and Policy.Randall R. Dipert - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (1):34-53.
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  38. Peirce’s Propositional Logic.Randall R. Dipert - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (3):569 - 595.
    BEFORE Frege’s Begriffsschrift, propositional logic was submerged in the often murky theory of the "hypothetical syllogism." With the exception of the Stoa, a handful of astute mediaeval logicians, Leibniz, and Bolzano, one might well obtain the impression from studying the history of logic that Frege created his theory ex nihilo—which is substantially true, since Frege was apparently little influenced by previous work. One might also obtain the impression, especially by reading Frege himself, that very little was being done on propositional (...)
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  39. Reflections on iconicity, representation, and resemblance: Peirce's theory of signs, Goodman on resemblance, and modern philosophies of language and mind.Randall R. Dipert - 1996 - Synthese 106 (3):373 - 397.
  40. Peirce's underestimated place in the history of logic: A response to Quine.Randall R. Dipert - 1995 - In Kenneth Laine Ketner (ed.), Peirce and Contemporary Thought: Philosophical Inquiries. Fordham University Press. pp. 32--58.
     
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  41.  76
    Set—Theoretical Representations of Ordered Pairs and Their Adequacy for the Logic of Relations.Randall R. Dipert - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):353 - 374.
    One of the most significant discoveries of early twentieth century mathematical logic was a workable definition of ‘ordered pair’ totally within set theory. Norbert Wiener, and independently Casimir Kuratowski, are usually credited with this discovery. A definition of ‘ordered pair’ held the key to the precise formulation of the notions of ‘relation’ and ‘function’ — both of which are probably indispensable for an understanding of the foundations of mathematics. The set-theoretic definition of ‘ordered pair’ thus turned out to be a (...)
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  42.  36
    On the Importance of Getting it Right: A Response to Professor Götz.Randall R. Curren - 2003 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 22 (1):83-94.
  43.  32
    The Life and Logical Contributions of O. H. Mitchell, Peirce's Gifted Student.Randall R. Dipert - 1994 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 30 (3):515 - 542.
  44.  18
    The Puzzle of Music and Emotion in Rand's Aesthetics.Randall R. Dipert - 2001 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):387 - 394.
    Randall R. Dipert argues that, at first glance, Rand's view of representational arts, such as literature and the visual arts, might seem to have little applicability to pure music. Nevertheless, Rand took music without words as a serious art form, and struggled to develop a plausible theory of music. As Torres and Kamhi note in What Art Is, Rand's approach probably contradicted certain elements of her full aesthetic theory. But her theory of music and its relationship to emotions offers (...)
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  45. Philosophy of Education 1995.Alven Neiman, Randall R. Curren, Paul Farber, Christine McCarthy, Luise Prior McCarty, Suzanne Rice, Diana Dummitt & Barbara Duncan (eds.) - 1996 - Urbana, IL, USA:
     
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  46.  68
    Preventive War and the Epistemological Dimension of the Morality of War.Randall R. Dipert - 2006 - Journal of Military Ethics 5 (1):32-54.
    This essay makes three claims about preventive war, which is demarcated from preemptive war and is part of a broader class of ?anticipatory? wars. Anticipatory wars, but especially preventive war, are ?hard cases? for traditional Just War theory; other puzzles for this tradition include nuclear deterrence, humanitarian intervention, and provability a priori of the success of Tit-for-Tat. First, and despite strong assertions to the contrary, it is far from clear that preventive war is absolutely prohibited in traditional Just War Theory, (...)
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  47.  26
    Toward a Hermeneutics of Memory and Multiple Personality.Randall R. Lyle - 1998 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (2-3):39-43.
    Barnhardt, in “Dissociation: An Evolutionary Interpretation,” makes a case for understanding multiple personality as a “natural”phenomenon resulting from human biological evolution. He also argues that the reason that “multiple personalities” are not encountered more frequently is a result of a social construction encouraging “single” personalities. He concludes that it is from the interaction between the two that ethics derive. In this response I offer an alternative hermeneutic, using memory as the interpretive key, and by introducing Ricoeur’s work on narrative. highlight (...)
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  48.  36
    Peirce on Mach and Absolute Space.Randall R. Dipert - 1973 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 9 (2):79 - 94.
  49.  15
    Peirce's Theory of the Geometrical Structure of Physical Space.Randall R. Dipert - 1977 - Isis 68 (3):404-413.
  50.  48
    Art, Artifacts, and Regarded Intentions.Randall R. Dipert - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (4):401 - 408.
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