70 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Ralph D. Ellis [70]Ralph David Ellis [1]
  1.  28
    Questioning Consciousness: The Interplay of Imagery, Cognition, and Emotion in the Human Brain.Ralph D. Ellis - 1995 - John Benjamins.
    ... Geoffrey Underwood (University of Nottingham) Francisco Varela (CREA, Ecole Polytechnique. Paris) Volume 2 Ralph D. Ellis Questioning Consciousness ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  2.  64
    Curious Emotions: Roots of Consciousness and Personality in Motivated Action.Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    Emotion drives all cognitive processes, largely determining their qualitative feel, their structure, and in part even their content.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  3.  3
    An Ontology of Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1986 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The object of this study is to find a coherent theoretical approach to three problems which appear to interrelate in complex ways: (1) What is the ontological status of consciousness? (2) How can there be 'un conscious,' 'prereflective' or 'self-alienated' consciousness? And (3) Is there a 'self' or 'ego' formed by means of the interrelation of more elementary states of consciousness? The motivation for combining such a diversity of difficult questions is that we often learn more by looking at interrelations (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  4.  28
    How the Mind Uses the Brain: To Move the Body and Image the Universe.Ralph D. Ellis - 2010 - Open Court.
    Introduction: Searching for the covert agent of consciousness -- The devil's pact (or, why the hard problem is now so hard) -- Action at the macro level : an agent-based theory of intentionality -- Action imagery and representation of the external world -- Do we need an emergency metaphysician? : action versus reaction at the micro level -- Herding neurons : the causal structure of self-organizing systems -- The paradoxes of phenomenal consciousness -- The self-organizing imagination : addressing the mind-body (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5.  64
    Three Paradoxes of Phenomenal Consciousness: Bridging the Explanatory Gap.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (4):419-42.
    Any physical explanation of consciousness seems to leave unresolved the ‘explanatory gap': Isn't it conceivable that all the elements in that explanation could occur, with the same information processing outcomes as in a conscious process, but in the absence of consciousness? E.g. any digital computational process could occur in the absence of consciousness. To resolve this dilemma, we propose a biological-process-oriented physiological- phenomenological characterization of consciousness that addresses three ‘paradoxical’ qualities seemingly incompatible with the empirical realm: The dual location of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  6.  92
    Implications of Inattentional Blindness for "Enactive" Theories of Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 2001 - Brain and Mind 2 (3):297-322.
    Mack and Rock show evidence that no consciousperception occurs without a prior attentiveact. Subjects already executing attention taskstend to neglect visible elements extraneous tothe attentional task, apparently lacking evenbetter-than-chance ``implicit perception,''except in certain cases where the unattendedstimulus is a meaningful word or has uniquepre-tuned salience similar to that ofmeaningful words. This is highly consistentwith ``enactive'' notions that consciousnessrequires selective attention via emotional subcortical and limbic motivationalactivation as it influences anterior attentionmechanisms. Occipital activation withoutconsciousness suggests that motivated search,enacted through the organism's (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  7.  43
    Toward a Reconciliation of Liberalism and Communitarianism.Ralph D. Ellis - 1991 - Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (1):55-64.
  8.  37
    A Thought Experiment Concerning Universal Expansion.Ralph D. Ellis - 1992 - Philosophia 21 (3-4):257-275.
  9.  16
    Afferent-Efferent Connections and ?Neutrality-Modifications? In Perceptual and Imaginative Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1990 - Man and World 23 (1):23-33.
  10. Enactivism and the New Teleology: Reconciling the Warring Camps.Ralph D. Ellis - 2014 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies (2):173-198.
    Enactivism has the potential to provide a sense of teleology in purpose-directed action, but without violating the principles of efficient causation. Action can be distinguished from mere reaction by virtue of the fact that some systems are self-organizing. Self-organization in the brain is reflected in neural plasticity, and also in the primacy of motivational processes that initiate the release of neurotransmitters necessary for mental and conscious functions, and which guide selective attention processes. But in order to flesh out the enactivist (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  49
    Neuroscience as a Human Science: Integrating Phenomenology and Empiricism in the Study of Action and Consciousness. [REVIEW]Ralph D. Ellis - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (4):491-507.
    This paper considers where contemporary neuroscience leaves us in terms of how human consciousness fits into the material world, and whether consciousness is reducible to merely mechanical physical systems, or on the contrary whether consciousness is a self-organizing system that can in a sense use the brain for its own purposes. The paper discusses how phenomenology can be integrated with new findings about “neural plasticity” to yield new approaches to the mind–body problem and the place of consciousness as a causal (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12. Coherence and Verification in Ethics.Ralph D. Ellis - 1991 - Upa.
    This book is an attempt to come to grips with problems of the epistemological basis of ethical beliefs by building on criticisms of approaches to this problem which have been attempted in the recent past. Because of the extensive discussions and criticism of these various alternatives, the book is useful to all who are concerned with the epistemology of ethics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13. Just Results: Ethical Foundations for Policy Analysis.Ralph D. Ellis - 1999 - The Personalist Forum 15 (1):196-200.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  46
    Factual Adequacy and Comparative Coherentism in Ethical Theory.Ralph D. Ellis - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):57-81.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15.  34
    The Dance Form of the Eyes: What Cognitive Science Can Learn From Art.Ralph D. Ellis - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (6-7):6-7.
    Art perception offers action affordances for the self-generated movement of the eyes, the mind, and the emotions; thus some scenes are ’easy to look at', and evoke different kinds of moods depending on what kind of affordances they present for the eyes, the brain, and the action schemas that further the dynamical self-organizing patterns of activity toward which the organism tends, as reflected in its ongoing emotional life. Art can do this only because perception is active rather than passive, and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  29
    A Critique of Concepts of Non-Sufficient Causation.Ralph D. Ellis - 1992 - Philosophical Inquiry 14 (1-2):1-10.
  17.  46
    The Interdependence of Consciousness and Emotion.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):1-10.
  18.  25
    Ray Jackendoff's Phenomenology of Language as a Refutation of the 'Appendage' Theory of Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1996 - Pragmatics and Cognition 4 (1):125-137.
    Since Jackendoff has shown that language facilitates abstract and complex thought by making possible subtle manipulations of the focus of attention, and since the kind of attention relevant here is attention to aspects of intentional objects in conscious awareness, it follows that the abstract and complex thinking that language facilitates owes much to the working of a conscious process. This, however, conflicts with Jackendoff's view of consciousness as something which does not play a direct part in thinking, but is only (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19. The Roles of Imagery and Metaemotion in Deliberate Choice and Moral Psychology.Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):140-157.
    Understanding the role of emotion in reasoned, deliberate choice -- particularly moral experience -- requires three components: Meta-emotion, allowing self-generated voluntary imagery and/or narratives that in turn trigger first-order emotions we may not already have, but would like to have for moral or other reasons. Hardwired mammalian altruistic sentiments, necessary but not sufficient for moral motivation. Neuropsychological grounding for what Hume called 'love of truth,' with two important effects in humans: generalization of altruistic feelings beyond natural sympathy for conspecifics; and (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  40
    Efferent Brain Processes and the Enactive Approach to Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):40-50.
    [opening paragraph]: Nicholas Humphrey argues persuasively that consciousness results from active and efferent rather than passive and afferent functions. These arguments contribute to the mounting recent evidence that consciousness is inseparable from the motivated action planning of creatures that in some sense are organismic and agent-like rather than passively mechanical and reactive in the way that digital computers are. Newton calls this new approach the ‘action theory of understanding'; Varela et al. dubbed it the ‘enactive’ view of consciousness. It was (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21. Integrating Neuroscience and Phenomenology in the Study of Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1999 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 30 (1):18-47.
    Phenomenology and physiology become commensurable through a self-organizational physiology and an "enactive" view of consciousness. Self-organizing processes appropriate and replace their own needed substrata, rather than merely being caused by interacting components. Biochemists apply this notion to the living/nonliving distinction. An enactive approach sees consciousness as actively executed by an agent rather than passively reacting to stimuli. Perception does not result from mere stimulation of brain areas by sensory impulses; unless motivated organismic purposes first anticipate and "look for" emotionally relevant.stimuli, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  30
    The Enactive Approach to Education: The Crucial Role of the Humanities.Ralph D. Ellis - 2010 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 17 (2):131-141.
    If human motivation is "enactive" rather than merely a series of passive reactions to extemal stimuli, then a correspondingly "enactive" approach to education should be taken seriously. This paper argues that recent research on the emotional brain by such neuropsychologists as Jaak Panksepp, combined with a self-organizational approach to the concept of action, and the importance of the questioning process in human understanding of information, suggests that treating humanities education as intrinsically valuable, and not just as means toward other ends, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23. Phenomenology-Friendly Neuroscience: The Return to Merleau-Ponty as Psychologist.Ralph D. Ellis - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (1):33 - 55.
    This paper reports on the Kuhnian revolution now occurring in neuropsychology that is finally supportive of and friendly to phenomenology – the “enactive” approach to the mind-body relation, grounded in the notion of self-organization, which is consistent with Husserl and Merleau-Ponty on virtually every point. According to the enactive approach, human minds understand the world by virtue of the ways our bodies can act relative to it, or the ways we can imagine acting. This requires that action be distinguished from (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24. Luc Faucher and Christine Tappolet.Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton & Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (2):105-144.
  25.  2
    Running and the Paradox of Suffering.Ralph D. Ellis - 2021 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 5 (4):8-20.
    What motivates the voluntary suffering of training for a long-distance run – or any other difficult athletic skill? Long-term pleasure cannot adequately explain this seemingly masochistic activity. On the contrary, I argue that pleasure, or “reinforcement,” is not the only ultimate motivator of behavior. Each of the emotion systems defines its own intrinsic values, including an innate “play” system and an innate “exploratory drive” that is included in what neuropsychologist Jaak Panksepp calls the “SEEKING system” of the emotional brain. Panksepp’s (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Why Isn't Consciousness Empirically Observable? Emotion, Self-Organization, and Nonreductive Physicalism.Ralph D. Ellis - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (4):391-402.
    Most versions of the knowledge argument say that, since scientists observing my brain wouldn't know what my consciousness "is like," consciousness isn't describable as a physical process. Although this argument unwarrantedly equates the physical with the empirically observable, we can conclude, not that consciousness is nonphysical but that consciousness isn't identical with anything empirically observable. But what kind of mind&endash;body relation would render possible this empirical inaccessibility of consciousness? Even if multiple realizability may allow a distinction between consciousness and its (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  16
    Existentialism and the Demonstrability of Ethical Theories.Ralph D. Ellis - 1982 - Journal of Value Inquiry 16 (3):165-175.
  28.  30
    The Embodied and Transcendental Self: Toward a Synthesis and a Way of Knowing.Ralph D. Ellis - 1998 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (2/3):67-83.
    The ‘embodied self’ is the purposeful dimension of any organism capable of acting toward a unified motivation to maintain a self-organizing structure by appropriating, replacing, and reproducing material components to serve as substrata. We reflect on the ‘self’ in this sense when we direct attention away from the objects of experience and toward the way our bodies motivate our experiences in terms of emotional purposes of the organism, by looking, searching, shifting the focus of attention, etc.---actions rather than reactions of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  29
    The Snake That Eats Itself: Increasing Contradictions Between Globalization and Nation-State Warfare.Ralph D. Ellis - 2012 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 19 (2):103-114.
    As globalized corporations are traded intemationally, with investors and workers from many countries, nation-states have diminishing interest in fighting wars promoting competitive profit interests of intemational companies. Theoretically, this trend could prompt diminution in the role of warfare. Militarism continues to serve corporations that are globally owned, operated, and controlled, fought by the very workers who then must compete against the resulting unregulated and often cormpt intemational labor and resource markets—driving down the real wages of domestic and foreign workers. But (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. A Theoretical Model of the Role of the Cerebellum in Cognition, Attention and Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 2001 - Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):300-309.
  31. Ethical Consequences of Recent Work on Incompatibilism.Ralph D. Ellis - 1991 - Philosophical Inquiry 13 (3-4):22-42.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  2
    Foundations of Civic Engagement: Rethinking Social and Political Philosophy.Ralph D. Ellis, Norman Fischer & James B. Sauer - 2006 - Upa.
    Foundations of Civic Engagement is a comprehensive survey and reassessment of the entire field of social and political philosophy. Suitable for use as a primary text for courses on political thought, this book explores the basic arguments of the most important historical and contemporary figures—including Ancient Greek, modern and contemporary theories of communitarianism, social contract, feminism, postmodernsim, Marxism, and theories of communicative actions—and offers a thematic critique and integration of these philosophies.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Irwin Goldstein.Ralph D. Ellis, Natika Newton & Peter Zachar - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (1):21-33.
  34. Love and the Abyss an Essay on Finitude and Value.Ralph D. Ellis - 2004 - Open Court Publishing Company.
    Ellis describes a number of different kindsf abnormalities that result from the detrimental effects of narcissism onhe ability to love. Developing the notion of a culture of narcissism firstroposed by Christopher Lasch, he presents a theory of the role played byove in human attempts to grapple with ontologica.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Phenomenotogy and the Empiricist Criteria for Meaning.Ralph D. Ellis - 1980 - Philosophy Today 24 (2):146-152.
  36. Phenomenological Psychology and the Empirical Observation of Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1983 - International Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):191-204.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Responses and Reactions.Ralph D. Ellis - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (2):129-163.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  58
    The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization.Ralph D. Ellis (ed.) - 2000 - John Benjamins.
  39.  18
    The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect, and Self-Organization : An Anthology.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.) - 2000 - Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    CHAPTER 1 Integrating the Physiological and Phenomenological Dimensions of Affect and Motivation Ralph D. Ellis Clark Atlanta University A neglected but ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization- An Anthology. Advances in Consciousness Research.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.) - 2000 - John Benjamins.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  2
    The Moral Psychology of Internal Conflict: Value, Meaning, and the Enactive Mind.Ralph D. Ellis - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Pushing back against the potential trivialization of moral psychology that would reduce it to emotional preferences, this book takes an enactivist, self-organizational, and hermeneutic approach to internal conflict between a basic exploratory drive motivating the search for actual truth, and opposing incentives to confabulate in the interest of conformity, authoritarianism, and cognitive dissonance, which often can lead to harmful worldviews. The result is a new possibility that ethical beliefs can have truth value and are not merely a result of ephemeral (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Theories of Criminal Justice a Critical Reappraisal.Ralph D. Ellis & Carol Suzette Ellis - 1989 - Longwood PressLtd.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  55
    Generating Predictions From a Dynamical Systems Emotion Theory.Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):202-203.
    Lewis's dynamical systems emotion theory continues a tradition including Merleau-Ponty, von Bertallanfy, and Aristotle. Understandably for a young theory, Lewis's new predictions do not follow strictly from the theory; thus their failure would not disconfirm the theory, nor their success confirm it – especially given that other self-organizational approaches to emotion (e.g., those of Ellis and of Newton) may not be inconsistent with these same predictions.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. The Ambiguity of 'in Here/Out There' Talk: In What Sense is Perception 'Out in the World'?Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (6):82-87.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  35
    In What Sense is “Rationality” a Criterion for Emotional Self-Awareness?☆.Ralph D. Ellis - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):972-973.
  46.  5
    Ray Jackendoff's Phenomenology of Language as a Refutation of the 'Appendage' Theory of Consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 1996 - Pragmatics and Cognition 4 (1):125-137.
    Since Jackendoff has shown that language facilitates abstract and complex thought by making possible subtle manipulations of the focus of attention, and since the kind of attention relevant here is attention to aspects of intentional objects in conscious awareness, it follows that the abstract and complex thinking that language facilitates owes much to the working of a conscious process. This, however, conflicts with Jackendoff's view of consciousness as something which does not play a direct part in thinking, but is only (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47.  83
    Fairness and the Etiology of Criminal Behavior.Ralph D. Ellis - 1987 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 13 (2):175-194.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  37
    Moral Pluralism Reconsidered: Is There an Intrinsic-Extrinsic Value Distintion?Ralph D. Ellis - 1992 - Philosophical Papers 21 (1):45-64.
  49.  30
    Love, Religion, and the Psychology of Inspiration.Ralph D. Ellis - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (2):6-40.
    While much of contemporary psychology preserves the legacy of behaviorism and consummatory drive-reductionism, this paper by contrast grounds itself in an "enactivist" approach to emotion and motivation, and goes on to consider the implications of this view for the psychology of inspiration, especially as applied to love and religion. Emotions are not responses to stimuli, but expressions of an active system. The tendency of complex systems is to prefer higher-energy basins of attraction rather than settle into satiation and dull comfort. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. The Unity of Consciousness: An Enactivist Approach.Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton - 2005 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 26 (4):225-280.
    The enactivist account of consciousness posits that motivated activation of sensorimotor action imagery anticipates possible action affordances of environmental situations, resulting in representation of the environment with a conscious “feel” associated with the valences motivating the anticipations. This approach makes the mind–body problem and the problem of mental causation easier to resolve, and offers promise for understanding how consciousness results from natural processes. Given a process-oriented understanding of the way many systems in non-conscious nature are “proto-motivated” toward realizing unactualized possibilities, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 70