Results for 'Radu-Bogdan Uszkai'

788 found
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  1.  15
    Fusionism, Religion and the Tea Party.Uszkai Radu-Bogdan & Socaciu Emanuel-Mihail - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (33):89-106.
    This article aims to explore two different but interrelated problems. The first objective, the more abstract one, is to discuss the plausibility of fusionism as a theoretical project of bridging the philosophical gap between libertarianism and free-market conservatism. Our thesis is that while fusionism could succeed, as a strategic alliance, in promoting specific policies, the differences between libertarianism and conservatism are irreconcilable at the level of fundamental intellectual assumptions. More precisely, starting from Hayek’s objections to conservatism, we argue that the (...)
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  2. Emanuel-Mihail socaciu.Radu-Bogdan Uszkai - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (33):89-106.
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  3. Radu Bogdan, Ed., Jaakko Hintikka. [REVIEW]Michael Hand - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8:84-86.
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  4. Radu Bogdan, Ed., Jaakko Hintikka Reviewed By.Michael Hand - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8 (3):84-86.
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  5. "Andreescu": Radu Bogdan[REVIEW]Z. Barbu - 1973 - British Journal of Aesthetics 13 (3):306.
     
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  6.  51
    Review of Radu Bogdan, Our Own Minds: Sociocultural Grounds for Self-Consciousness. [REVIEW]Joel Smith - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (2).
    Our Own Minds presents an account of the nature and development of self-consciousness. Bogdan describes the mind of the infant as outward looking, turning in on itself only at a relatively late stage of development. This it does as a response to the increasingly sophisticated sociocultural pressures it faces throughout infancy and early childhood. The book is difficult to follow (about which, more later) but the main line of argument is this: to begin with, infants are attuned to their (...)
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  7.  15
    Young Believers or Secular Citizens? An Exploratory Study of the Influence of Religion on Political Attitudes and Participation in Romanian High-School Students.Bogdan Mihai Radu - 2010 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9 (25):155-179.
    In this paper, I explore the effects of religious denomination and patterns of church-going on the construction of political values for high-school students. I argue that religion plays a role in the formation of political attitudes among teenagers and it influences their political participation. I examine whether this relationship is constructed along denominational lines. From a theoretical perspective, previous research heralded the compatibility between Western Christianity and the democratic form of government. Samuel Huntington, in his famous Clash of Civilization, argued (...)
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  8.  6
    Why the Folk Aren't Doing Psychology: Review of Interpreting Minds by Radu Bogdan[REVIEW]Carol Slater - 1999 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 5.
  9.  18
    Understanding Responsibility in Responsible AI. Dianoetic Virtues and the Hard Problem of Context.Mihaela Constantinescu, Cristina Voinea, Radu Uszkai & Constantin Vică - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (4):803-814.
    During the last decade there has been burgeoning research concerning the ways in which we should think of and apply the concept of responsibility for Artificial Intelligence. Despite this conceptual richness, there is still a lack of consensus regarding what Responsible AI entails on both conceptual and practical levels. The aim of this paper is to connect the ethical dimension of responsibility in Responsible AI with Aristotelian virtue ethics, where notions of context and dianoetic virtues play a grounding role for (...)
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  10. Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Common Sense Psychology.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    The contributors to this volume examine recent controversies about the importance of common sense psychology for our understanding of the human mind. Common sense provides a familiar and friendly psychological scheme by which to talk about the mind. Its categories tend to portray the mind as quite different from the rest of nature, and thus irreducible to physical matters and its laws. In this volume a variety of positions on common sense psychology from critical to supportive, from exegetical to speculative, (...)
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  11. Minding Minds: Evolving a Reflexive Mind by Interpreting Others.Radu J. Bogdan - 2003 - MIT Press.
    In this book, Radu Bogdan proposes that humans think reflexively because they interpret each other's minds in social contexts of cooperation, communication, ...
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  12.  20
    Belief: Form, Content, and Function.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Some of the topics presented in this volume of original essays on contemporary approaches to belief include the problem of misrepresentation and false belief, conscious versus unconscious belief, explicit versus tacit belief, and the durable versus ephemeral question of the nature of belief. The contributors, Fred Dretske, Keith Lehrer, William Lycan, Stephen Schiffer, Stephen P. Stich, and the editor, Radu Bogdan, focus on the mental realization of belief, its cognitive and behavioral aspects, and the semantic aspects of its (...)
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  13. How to Assess the Emergence of the European Pirate Parties. Towards a Research Agenda.Radu Uszkai & Constantin Vică - 2012 - Sfera Politicii (169):46-55.
    The purpose of this paper is to assess the emergence of the pirate movements in the European Union. Our goal is to sketch the steps towards a research agenda for this grassroots political movement which gained momentum since 2009. To attain our goal we showed the re-signification of the concept of piracy in the debate around intellectual property and its institutional settlement. Afterwards we analysed the big political themes of several European Pirate Parties and their struggle to follow the preferences (...)
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  14. Interpreting Minds: The Evolution of a Practice.Radu J. Bogdan - 1997 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Unlike most current researchers in philosophy and psychology, who view interpretation as a way to understand the minds and behavior of others, Radu J. Bogdan sets out to establish a new evolutionary and practical view of interpretation. According to Bogdan, the ability to interpret others' mental states has evolved under communal, political, and epistemic pressures to enable us to cope with the impact of other organisms on our own goals in the competition to survive. Interpretation evolved among (...)
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  15.  20
    Local Induction.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1976 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
    The local justification of beliefs and hypotheses has recently become a major concern for epistemologists and philosophers of induction. As such, the problem of local justification is not entirely new. Most pragmatists had addressed themselves to it, and so did, to some extent, many classical inductivists in the Bacon-Whewell-Mill tradition. In the last few decades, however, the use of logic and semantics, probability calculus, statistical methods, and decision-theoretic concepts in the reconstruction of in ductive inference has revealed some important technical (...)
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  16.  12
    Blame It on the AI? On the Moral Responsibility of Artificial Moral Advisors.Mihaela Constantinescu, Constantin Vică, Radu Uszkai & Cristina Voinea - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-26.
    Deep learning AI systems have proven a wide capacity to take over human-related activities such as car driving, medical diagnosing, or elderly care, often displaying behaviour with unpredictable consequences, including negative ones. This has raised the question whether highly autonomous AI may qualify as morally responsible agents. In this article, we develop a set of four conditions that an entity needs to meet in order to be ascribed moral responsibility, by drawing on Aristotelian ethics and contemporary philosophical research. We encode (...)
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  17. The Emperor is Naked: Moral Diplomacies and the Ethics of AI.Constantin Vica, Cristina Voinea & Radu Uszkai - 2021 - Információs Társadalom 21 (2):83-96.
    With AI permeating our lives, there is widespread concern regarding the proper framework needed to morally assess and regulate it. This has given rise to many attempts to devise ethical guidelines that infuse guidance for both AI development and deployment. Our main concern is that, instead of a genuine ethical interest for AI, we are witnessing moral diplomacies resulting in moral bureaucracies battling for moral supremacy and political domination. After providing a short overview of what we term ‘ethics washing’ in (...)
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  18. Radu J. Bogdan, Ed., D. M. Armstrong. [REVIEW]Howard Robinson - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (5):191-193.
     
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  19.  24
    Our Own Minds: Sociocultural Grounds for Self-Consciousness.Radu J. Bogdan - 2010 - Bradford.
    An argument that in response to sociocultural pressures, human minds develop self-consciousness by activating a complex machinery of self-regulation.
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  20.  37
    Predicative Minds: The Social Ontogeny of Propositional Thinking.Radu J. Bogdan - 2008 - MIT Press/Bradford Books.
    An exploration of why and how the human competence for predication came to be.
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  21. Radu J. Bogdan, Ed., Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Commonsense Psychology Reviewed By.Jeffrey Foss - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (3):162-166.
     
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  22. Radu J. Bogdan, Minding Minds: Evolving A Reflexive Mind by Interpreting Others Reviewed By.Fernando Martínez-Manrique - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (6):392-394.
  23.  45
    Local Induction. Radu J. Bogdan[REVIEW]Jonathan E. Adler - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (1):173-177.
  24.  75
    Grounds for Cognition: How Goal-Guided Behavior Shapes the Mind.Radu J. Bogdan - 1994 - Erlbaum.
    This is how guidance of behavior to goal grounds and explains cognition and the main forms in which it manages information.
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  25.  11
    How Drug Patents Might Lead to Disincentives for Moral Bioenhancement.Emanuel Mihail Socaciu & Radu Uszkai - 2015 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 6 (1-2):125-137.
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  26. The Architectural Nonchalance of Commonsense Psychology.Radu J. Bogdan - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (2):189-205.
    Eliminativism assumes that commonsense psychology describes and explains the mind in terms of the internal design and operation of the mind. If this assumption is invalidated, so is eliminativism. The same conditional is true of intentional realism. Elsewhere (Bogdan 1991) I have argued against this 'folk- theory-theory' assumption by showing that commonsense psychology is not an empirical prototheory of the mind but a biosocially motivated practice of coding, utilizing, and sharing information from and about conspecifics. Here, without presupposing a (...)
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  27. D. M. Armstrong.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1984 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
  28.  9
    How Drug Patents Might Provide Disincentives for Moral Bioenhancement.Emanuel Mihail Socaciu & Radu Uszkai - forthcoming - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal.
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  29.  68
    POSTER: The Shy Mayor: Private Badges in GeoSocial Networks.Bogdan Carbunar, Radu Sion, Rahul Potharaju & Moussa Ehsan - unknown - Nexus 103 (103).
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  30.  46
    Review of Radu J. Bogdan’s Predicative Minds: The Social Ontogeny of Propositional ThinkingBogdanRadu J.Predicative Minds: The Social Ontogeny of Propositional ThinkingCambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009. 156 Pp., $25.00. [REVIEW]Itay Shani - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (4):596-605.
    In this book, Bogdan offers an empirically informed theory of the emergence and nature of predication with unmistakable pragmatic and developmental overtones. While the emphasis on psycho-pragmatic and developmental factors is most welcome, and while the discussion is informed and informative, Bogdan’s thesis suffers from some major weaknesses, in particular philosophical ones. Chief among these is an insufficient clarity with regard to the problem domain being addressed: Bogdan professes to offer a theory of predication as a general (...)
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  31. The Manufacture of Belief.Radu J. Bogdan - 1986 - In R. Bogdan (ed.), Belief: Form, Content, and Function. Bew York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  32.  22
    Mindvaults: Sociocultural Grounds for Pretending and Imagining.Radu J. Bogdan - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Looks at what the author calls "mindvaulting," or the human mind's ability to vault over the realm of current perception, motivation, emotion and action, to leap—consciously and deliberately—to past or future, possible or impossible, ...
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  33.  93
    Information and Semantic Cognition: An Ontological Account.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):81-122.
    Information is the fuel of cognition. At its most basic level, information is a matter of structures interacting under laws. The notion of information thus reflects the (relational) fact that a structure is created by the impact of another structure. The impacted structure is an encoding, in some concrete form, of the interaction with the impacting structure. Information is, essentially, the structural trace in some system of an interaction with another system; it is also, as a consequence, the structural fuel (...)
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  34. ``Cognition and Epistemic Closure".Radu Bogdan - 1985 - American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):55--63.
    JUSTIFICATION and knowledge are thought to be closed under known implication..1 This widely shared assumption is embodied in the following principles of epistemic closure.
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  35. The Future of Folk Psychology: Intentionality and Cognitive Science.John D. Greenwood, Radu J. Bogdan, Scott M. Christensen & Dale R. Turner - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):246-251.
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  36.  65
    Why Self-Ascriptions Are Difficult and Develop Late.Radu J. Bogdan - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. Hodges. (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press. pp. 190--206.
    Many philosophers and a few psychologists think that we understand our own minds before we understand those of others. Most developmental psychologists think that children understand their own minds at about the same time they understand other minds, by using the same cognitive abilities. I disagree with both views. I think that children understand other minds before they understand their own. Their self-understanding depends on some cognitive abilities that develop later than, and independently of, the abilities involved in understanding other (...)
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  37. Mental Attitudes and Common Sense Psychology: The Case Against Elimination.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Noûs 22 (3):369-398.
    Aside from brute force, there are several philosophically respectable ways of eliminating the mental. In recent years the most popular elimination strategy has been directed against our common sense or folk psychological understanding of the mental. The strategy goes by the name of eliminative materialism (or eliminativism, in short). The motivation behind this strategy seems to be the following. If common sense psychology can be construed as the principled theory of the mental, whose vocabulary and principles implicitly define what counts (...)
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  38. Radu J. Bogdan, Ed., Profiles: Roderick M. Chisholm. [REVIEW]Matthias Steup - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7:435-437.
     
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  39. The Importance of Belief.Radu J. Bogdan - 1986 - In R. Bogdan (ed.), Belief: Form, Content, and Function. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1--16.
     
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  40.  24
    Replies to Commentators.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):145-151.
  41. Pretending as Imaginative Rehearsal for Cultural Conformity.Radu Bogdan - 2005 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 5 (1-2):191-213.
    Pretend play and pretense develop in distinct phases of childhood as ontogenetically adaptive responses to pressures specific to those phases, and may have evolved in different periods of human ancestry. These are pressures to assimilate cultural artifacts, norms, roles, and behavioral scripts. The playful and creative elements in both forms of pretending are dictated by the variable, open-ended, and evolving nature and function of the cultural tasks they handle. The resulting creativity of the adult intellect is likely to be a (...)
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  42.  41
    Roderick M. Chisholm.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1986 - Reidel.
    RODERICK M. CHISHOLM SELF-PROFILE A. My Philosophical Education Academic What brought me into philosophy was an excellent introductory course in the subject ...
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  43. Mind, Content and Information.Radu J. Bogdan - 1987 - Synthese 70 (February):205-227.
    What is it that one thinks or believes when one thinks or believes something? A mental formula? A sentence in some natural language? Its truth conditions? Or perhaps an abstract proposition? The current story of content is fairly ecumenical. It says that a number of aspects, some mental, other semantic, go into our understanding of content. Yet the current story is incomplete. It leaves out a very important aspect of content, one which I call incremental information. It is information in (...)
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  44.  11
    The Clash Between Global Justice and Drug Patents: A Critical Analysis.Mihail-Valentin Cernea & Radu Uszkai - 2012 - Public Reason 4 (1-2):210-21.
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  45.  6
    Why Me?: The Sociocultural Evolution of a Self-Reflective Mind.Radu Bogdan - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores the evolution of the mental competence for self-reflection: why it evolved, under what selection pressures, in what environments, out of what precursors, and with what mental resources. Integrating evolutionary, psychological, and philosophical perspectives, Radu J. Bogdan argues that the competence for self-reflection, uniquely human and initially autobiographical, evolved under strong and persistent sociocultural and political pressures on the developing minds of older children and later adults. Self-reflection originated in a basic propensity of the human brain (...)
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  46.  10
    Information and Semantic Cognition: An Ontological Account.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):81-122.
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  47.  73
    Our Own Minds. Socio‐Cultural Grounds for Self‐Consciousness. By Radu J. Bogdan.Åsa Wikforss - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):814-816.
    © 2013 The Editors of The Philosophical QuarterlyOpening this book the philosopher might expect a treatise on self‐knowledge. However, despite its title, this is not a book on knowledge of our own minds, or even on self‐consciousness in the usual sense of being conscious of oneself. Rather, it is a book on developmental psychology, spelling out the fascinating details of the development of the human mind with a particular focus on the emergence of human consciousness. The question Radu J. (...)
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  48. By Way of Means and Ends.Radu J. Bogdan - 1994 - In Grounds for Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This chapter provides the teleological foundations for our analysis of guidance to goal. Its objective is to ground goal-directedness genetically. The basic suggestion is this. Organisms are small things, with few energy resources and puny physical means, battling a ruthless physical and biological nature. How do they manage to survive and multiply? CLEVERLY, BY ORGANIZING.
     
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  49. The Folklore of the Mind.Radu J. Bogdan - 1991 - In Radu Bogdan (ed.), Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Common Sense Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    A distinguished wise man, Emil Cioran, with whom I share a country of birth and the thought that follows, said once that the two most interesting things in life are gossip and metaphysics. I can hardly think of a more self evident and enjoyable truth, if wisely construed. This volume combines the two pleasures, for it is an exercise in the metaphysics of wise gossip, of how we make sense of each other, and how, as a result we interpret, explain, (...)
     
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  50. Does Semantics Run the Psyche?Radu J. Bogdan - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (June):687-700.
    If there is a dogma in the contemporary philosophy of the cognitive mind, it must be the notion that cognition is semantic causation or, differently put, that it is semantics that runs the psyche. This is what the notion of psychosemantics and (often) intentionality are all about. Another dogma, less widespread than the first but almost equally potent, is that common sense psychology is the implicit theory of psychosemantics. The two dogmas are jointly encapsulated in the following axiom. Mental attitudes (...)
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