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Roger Strand [22]Robert Strand [8]Richard F. Strand [1]R. Strand [1]
  1.  45
    Strategic Leadership of Corporate Sustainability.Robert Strand - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (4):687-706.
    Strategic leadership and corporate sustainability have recently come together in conspicuously explicit fashion through the emergence of top management team positions with dedicated corporate sustainability responsibilities. These TMT positions, commonly referred to as “Chief Sustainability Officers,” have found their way into the upper echelons of many of the world’s largest corporations alongside more traditional TMT positions including the CEO and CFO. We explore this phenomenon and consider the following two questions: Why are corporate sustainability positions being installed to the TMT?What (...)
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  2.  48
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability in Scandinavia: An Overview.Robert Strand, R. Edward Freeman & Kai Hockerts - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):1-15.
    Scandinavia is routinely cited as a global leader in corporate social responsibility and sustainability. In this article, we explore the foundation for this claim while also exploring potential contributing factors. We consider the deep-seated traditions of stakeholder engagement across Scandinavia including the claim that the recent concept of “creating shared value” has Scandinavian origins, institutional and cultural factors that encourage strong CSR and sustainability performances, and the recent phenomenon of movement from implicit to explicit CSR in a Scandinavian context and (...)
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  3.  60
    Teaching Responsible Research and Innovation: A Phronetic Perspective.Milena Wuketich, Núria Saladié, Gemma Rodríguez, Gema Revuelta, Ana Marušić, Alexander Lang, Erich Griessler, Marta Cayetano I. Giralt, Mar Carrió, Ivan Buljan, Roger Strand, Malene Vinther Christensen & Niels Mejlgaard - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):597-615.
    Across the European research area and beyond, efforts are being mobilized to align research and innovation processes and products with societal values and needs, and to create mechanisms for inclusive priority setting and knowledge production. A central concern is how to foster a culture of “Responsible Research and Innovation” (RRI) among scientists and engineers. This paper focuses on RRI teaching at higher education institutions. On the basis of interviews and reviews of academic and policy documents, it highlights the generic aspects (...)
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  4.  80
    Corporate Responsibility in Scandinavian Supply Chains.Robert Strand - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):179 - 185.
    This article examines corporate responsibility in the supply chains of four of the largest Scandinavian multinational corporations - IKEA, Nokia, Novo Nordisk, and StatoilHydro - and offers two key findings. First, these Scandinavian companies have all implemented responsible supply chain practices where suppliers in developing nations, and the communities of these suppliers, are engaged as key stakeholders and treated as partners. Second, these supply chain practices all share the common bond of having honesty and the establishment of trust-based relationships at (...)
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  5.  28
    Conversations About Responsible Nanoresearch.Kamilla Lein Kjølberg & Roger Strand - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):99-113.
    There is currently a strong focus on responsible research in relation to the development of nanoscience and nanotechnology. This study presents a series of conversations with nanoresearchers, with the ‘European Commission recommendation on a code of conduct for responsible nanosciences and nanotechnologies research’ (EC-CoC) as its point of departure. Six types of reactions to the document are developed, illustrating the diversity existing within the scientific community in responses towards this kind of new approaches to governance. Three broad notions of responsible (...)
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  6.  40
    Theories of complexity.Dominique Chu, Roger Strand & Ragnar Fjelland - 2003 - Complexity 8 (3):19-30.
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  7.  60
    Teaching Responsible Research and Innovation: A Phronetic Perspective.Niels Mejlgaard, Malene Vinther Christensen, Roger Strand, Ivan Buljan, Mar Carrió, Marta Cayetano I. Giralt, Erich Griessler, Alexander Lang, Ana Marušić, Gema Revuelta, Gemma Rodríguez, Núria Saladié & Milena Wuketich - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):597-615.
    Across the European research area and beyond, efforts are being mobilized to align research and innovation processes and products with societal values and needs, and to create mechanisms for inclusive priority setting and knowledge production. A central concern is how to foster a culture of “Responsible Research and Innovation” among scientists and engineers. This paper focuses on RRI teaching at higher education institutions. On the basis of interviews and reviews of academic and policy documents, it highlights the generic aspects of (...)
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  8.  43
    The Walkshop Approach to Science and Technology Ethics.Fern Wickson, Roger Strand & Kamilla Lein Kjølberg - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):241-264.
    In research and teaching on ethical aspects of emerging sciences and technologies, the structure of working environments, spaces and relationships play a significant role. Many of the routines and standard practices of academic life, however, do little to actively explore and experiment with these elements. They do even less to address the importance of contextual and embodied dimensions of thinking. To engage these dimensions, we have benefitted significantly from practices that take us out of seminar rooms, offices and laboratories as (...)
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  9.  19
    Can agent‐based models assist decisions on large‐scale practical problems? A philosophical analysis.Dominique Gross & Roger Strand - 2000 - Complexity 5 (6):26-33.
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  10.  45
    In vivo interpretation of in vitro effect studies with a detailed analysis of the method of in vitro transcription in isolated cell nuclei.Roger Strand, Ragnar Fjelland & Torgeir Flatmark - 1996 - Acta Biotheoretica 44 (1):1-21.
    In vitro experimental approaches are of central importance to contemporary molecular and cellular biology and toxicology. However, the scientific value or impact of in vitro results depends on their relevance in vivo. In vitro effect studies address inobservable in vivo phenomena through experiments on analogous in vitro phenomena. We present a theoretical basis developed to evaluate the in vivo relevance of in vitro effect studies. As a case study, the procedure for measuring specific gene transcription in isolated cell nuclei (nuclear (...)
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  11.  18
    Transforming Scientists’ Understanding of Science–Society Relations. Stimulating Double-Loop Learning when Teaching RRI.Maria Bårdsen Hesjedal, Heidrun Åm, Knut H. Sørensen & Roger Strand - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1633-1653.
    The problem of developing research and innovation in accordance with society’s general needs and values has received increasing attention in research policy. In the last 7 years, the concept of “Responsible Research and Innovation” has gained prominence in this regard, along with the resulting question of how best to integrate awareness about science–society relations into daily practices in research and higher education. In this context, post-graduate training has been seen as a promising entrance point, but tool-kit approaches more frequently have (...)
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  12.  11
    Science on the verge.Alice Benessia, Silvio Funtowicz, Andrea Saltelli, Mario Giampietro, Ângela Guimarães Pereira, Jerome R. Ravetz, Roger Strand & Jeroen P. Van der Sluijs (eds.) - 2016 - Tempe, AZ: Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes.
    A crisis looms over the scientific enterprise. Not a day passes without news of retractions, failed replications, fraudulent peer reviews, or misinformed science-based policies. The social implications are enormous, yet this crisis has remained largely uncharted-until now. In Science on the Verge, luminaries in the field of post-normal science and scientific governance focus attention on worrying fault-lines in the use of science for policymaking, and the dramatic crisis within science itself. This provocative new volume in The Rightful Place of Science (...)
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  13.  14
    How to Understand Nano Images.Tore Birkeland & Roger Strand - 2009 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 13 (3):182-189.
    Nanoscale objects are presented by ever more sophisticated pictures. There is a need to reflect on the status of such nano images, because the “seeing” involved is of a highly indirect kind. The aim of this paper is to complement existing philosophical critique of nano images with a scientific practitioner's perspective. First, we show some reasons to consider seeing and imaging as complex endeavours not only on the micro and nano scale, but also on the macro level. Secondly, we argue (...)
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  14.  48
    How to Understand Nano Images.Roger Strand - 2009 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 13 (3):182-189.
    Nanoscale objects are presented by ever more sophisticated pictures (nano images). There is a need to reflect on the status of such nano images, because the “seeing” involved is of a highly indirect kind. The aim of this paper is to complement existing philosophical critique of nano images with a scientific practitioner's perspective. First, we show some reasons to consider seeing and imaging as complex endeavours not only on the micro and nano scale, but also on the macro level. Secondly, (...)
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  15. Fra in vitro til in vivo.Roger Strand - 2003 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 38 (1-2):147-156.
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  16.  33
    Erratum to: Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage: The Theory and Practice of Stakeholder Engagement in Scandinavia.Kai Hockerts, R. Edward Freeman & Robert Strand - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):87-87.
    In this article, we first provide evidence that Scandinavian contributions to stakeholder theory over the past 50 years play a much larger role in its development than is presently acknowledged. These contributions include the first publication and description of the term “stakeholder”, the first stakeholder map, and the development of three fundamental tenets of stakeholder theory: jointness of interests, cooperative strategic posture, and rejection of a narrowly economic view of the firm. We then explore the current practices of Scandinavian companies (...)
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  17. Authors index volume.B. G. Malmström, L. McIntyre, P. H. Plesch, R. M. Richman, D. Rothbart, E. R. Scerri, R. Strand, J. Van Brakel, H. Vancik & G. K. Vemulapalli - 1999 - Foundations of Chemistry 1 (313).
  18.  68
    Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage: The Theory and Practice of Stakeholder Engagement in Scandinavia. [REVIEW]Robert Strand & R. Edward Freeman - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):1-21.
    In this article, we first provide evidence that Scandinavian contributions to stakeholder theory over the past 50 years play a much larger role in its development than is presently acknowledged. These contributions include the first publication and description of the term “stakeholder”, the first stakeholder map, and the development of three fundamental tenets of stakeholder theory: jointness of interests, cooperative strategic posture, and rejection of a narrowly economic view of the firm. We then explore the current practices of Scandinavian companies (...)
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  19.  59
    Making Common Sense of Vaccines: An Example of Discussing the Recombinant Attenuated Salmonella Vaccine with the Public.Dorothy J. Dankel, Kenneth L. Roland, Michael Fisher, Karen Brenneman, Ana Delgado, Javier Santander, Chang-Ho Baek, Josephine Clark-Curtiss, Roger Strand & I. I. I. Roy Curtiss - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (2):179-185.
    Researchers have iterated that the future of synthetic biology and biotechnology lies in novel consumer applications of crossing biology with engineering. However, if the new biology’s future is to be sustainable, early and serious efforts must be made towards social sustainability. Therefore, the crux of new applications of synthetic biology and biotechnology is public understanding and acceptance. The RASVaccine is a novel recombinant design not found in nature that re-engineers a common bacteria to produce a strong immune response in humans. (...)
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  20.  57
    Making Common Sense of Vaccines: An Example of Discussing the Recombinant Attenuated Salmonella Vaccine with the Public.Dorothy J. Dankel, Kenneth L. Roland, Michael Fisher, Karen Brenneman, Ana Delgado, Javier Santander, Chang-Ho Baek, Josephine Clark-Curtiss, Roger Strand & Roy Curtiss - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (2):179-185.
    Researchers have iterated that the future of synthetic biology and biotechnology lies in novel consumer applications of crossing biology with engineering. However, if the new biology’s future is to be sustainable, early and serious efforts must be made towards social sustainability. Therefore, the crux of new applications of synthetic biology and biotechnology is public understanding and acceptance. The RASVaccine is a novel recombinant design not found in nature that re-engineers a common bacteria to produce a strong immune response in humans. (...)
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  21.  27
    Can Agent-Based Models Assist Decisions on Large-Scale Practical Problems: A Philosophical Analysis.C. Gross & Roger Strand - 2000 - Complexity 5 (5):26-33.
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  22.  27
    Precision medicine and the principle of equal treatment: a conjoint analysis.Ole Frithjof Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, Roger Strand & Eirik Joakim Tranvåg - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundIn precision medicine biomarkers stratify patients into groups that are offered different treatments, but this may conflict with the principle of equal treatment. While some patient characteristics are seen as relevant for unequal treatment and others not, it is known that they all may influence treatment decisions. How biomarkers influence these decisions is not known, nor is their ethical relevance well discussed.MethodsWe distributed an email survey designed to elicit treatment preferences from Norwegian doctors working with cancer patients. In a forced-choice (...)
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  23.  12
    God nanoetikk – god nanoteknologiutvikling.Rune Nydal & Roger Strand - 2008 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):33-51.
    Trenger vi en nanoetikk? Spørsmålet undersøkes ofte gjennom analyser av hva som er spesifikt nytt med nanoteknologi som skulle rettferdiggjøre etableringen av et eget nanoetikkfelt. Artikkelen knytter ikke det nye til teknologiens produkter som sådan, men til det at nanoteknologien oppstår som et nytt og ekspansivt satsningsfelt i en tid med enighet om at etikkrefleksjonen må komme inn på et tidlig tidspunkt. Nanoetikken synliggjør generelle utfordringer for den profesjonaliserte anvendte etikk ettersom nanoetikken etterspørres forut for at feltet kan sies å (...)
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  24.  14
    Erratum to: Scandinavian Stakeholder Thinking: Seminal Offerings from the Late Juha Näsi.Kai Hockerts, R. Edward Freeman & Robert Strand - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):107-107.
    In this article, we first provide evidence that Scandinavian contributions to stakeholder theory over the past 50 years play a much larger role in its development than is presently acknowledged. These contributions include the first publication and description of the term “stakeholder”, the first stakeholder map, and the development of three fundamental tenets of stakeholder theory: jointness of interests, cooperative strategic posture, and rejection of a narrowly economic view of the firm. We then explore the current practices of Scandinavian companies (...)
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  25.  65
    Health Ideologies, Objectivism, and the Common Good: On the Rights of Dissidents.Roger Strand - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):605-611.
    With the development of large-scale health registries and human biobanks to be used as research infrastructures, bioethicists, lawyers, philosophers, and social scientists have worked intensely to cast light on current challenges to the principle of informed consent.
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  26.  8
    Notes on the Nūristāni and Dardic LanguagesNotes on the Nuristani and Dardic Languages.Richard F. Strand - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (3):297.
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  27. Reflexivity and modesty in the application of complexity theory.Roger Strand & Silvia Canellas-Bolta - 2006 - In Ângela Guimarães Pereira, Sofia Guedes Vaz & Sylvia S. Tognetti (eds.), Interfaces between science and society. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf.
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  28.  13
    Reframing cancer: challenging the discourse on cancer and cancer drugs—a Norwegian perspective: Reframing Cancer.Roger Strand, Caroline Engen & Mille Sofie Stenmarck - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-10.
    BackgroundAs the range of therapeutic options in the field of oncology increases, so too does the strain on health care budgets. The imbalance between what is medically possible and financially feasible is frequently rendered as an issue of tragic choices, giving rise to public controversies around health care rationing.Main bodyWe analyse the Norwegian media discourse on expensive cancer drugs and identify four underlying premises: (1) Cancer drugs are de facto expensive, and one does not and should not question why. (2) (...)
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  29.  37
    The Chief Officer of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Study of Its Presence in Top Management Teams. [REVIEW]Robert Strand - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (4):721-734.
    I present a review of the top management teams (TMTs) of the largest public corporations in the U.S. and Scandinavia (one thousand in total) to identify corporations that have a TMT position with “corporate social responsibility” (CSR) or a “CSR synonym” like sustainability or citizenship explicitly included in the position title. Through this I present three key findings. First, I establish that a number of CSR TMT positions exist and I list all identified corporations and associated position titles. Second, I (...)
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  30.  73
    Towards a useful philosophy of biochemistry: Sketches and examples. [REVIEW]Roger Strand - 1999 - Foundations of Chemistry 1 (3):269-292.
    Scientific development influences philosophical thought, and vice versa. If philosophy is to be of any use to the production, evaluation or application of biochemical knowledge, biochemistry will have to explicate its needs. This paper concentrates on the need for a philosophical analysis of methodological challenges in biochemistry, above all the problematic relation between in vitro experiments and the desire for in vivo knowledge. This problem receives much attention within biochemistry, but the focus is on practical detail. It is discussed how (...)
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  31.  28
    Scandinavian Stakeholder Thinking: Seminal Offerings from the Late Juha Näsi. [REVIEW]Robert Strand - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):1-17.
    In this article, we first provide evidence that Scandinavian contributions to stakeholder theory over the past 50 years play a much larger role in its development than is presently acknowledged. These contributions include the first publication and description of the term “stakeholder”, the first stakeholder map, and the development of three fundamental tenets of stakeholder theory: jointness of interests, cooperative strategic posture, and rejection of a narrowly economic view of the firm. We then explore the current practices of Scandinavian companies (...)
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