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  1.  22
    Philosophy of Medicine: An Introduction.R. Paul Thompson & Ross Upshur - 2016 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Ross Upshur.
    What kind of knowledge is medical knowledge? Can medicine be explained scientifically? Is disease a scientific concept, or do explanations of disease depend on values? What is ‘evidence-based’ medicine? Are advances in neuroscience bringing us closer to a scientific understanding of the mind? The nature of medicine raises fundamental questions about explanation, causation, knowledge and ontology – questions that are central to philosophy as well as medicine. In this book Paul R. Thompson and Ross E. G. Upshur introduce the fundamental (...)
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  2.  43
    Causality, mathematical models and statistical association: dismantling evidence‐based medicine.R. Paul Thompson - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):267-275.
  3. Causality, theories, and medicine.R. Paul Thompson - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 25.
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  4.  40
    Agro-Technology: A Philosophical Introduction.R. Paul Thompson - 2011 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Humans have been modifying plants and animals for millennia. The dawn of molecular genetics, however, has kindled intense public scrutiny and controversy. Crops, and the food products which include them, have dominated molecular modification in agriculture. Organisations have made unsubstantiated claims and scare mongering is common. In this textbook Paul Thompson presents a clear account of the significant issues - identifying harms and benefits, analysing and managing risk - which lie beneath the cacophony of public controversy. His comprehensive analysis looks (...)
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  5.  5
    An Evolutionary Account of Evil.R. Paul Thompson - 2009 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), Philosophy After Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Princeton University Press. pp. 533-539.
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  6. Alexander Rosenberg, Sociobiology and the Preemption of Social Science Reviewed by.R. Paul Thompson - 1981 - Philosophy in Review 1 (4):183-185.
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  7.  16
    Darwin and teleology: Redefinition or historicizing?R. Paul Thompson - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 63:94-97.
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  8. Darwin's theory and the value of mathematical formalization.R. Paul Thompson - 2014 - In R. Paul Thompson & Denis Walsh (eds.), Evolutionary biology: conceptual, ethical, and religious issues. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  9.  17
    Evolutionary biology: conceptual, ethical, and religious issues.R. Paul Thompson & Denis Walsh (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Evolution - both the fact that it occurred and the theory describing the mechanisms by which it occurred - is an intrinsic and central component in modern biology. Theodosius Dobzhansky captures this well in the much-quoted title of his 1973 paper 'Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution'. The correctness of this assertion is even more obvious today: philosophers of biology and biologists agree that the fact of evolution is undeniable and that the theory of evolution (...)
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  10.  18
    Explaining Complexity in Evolution.R. Paul Thompson - 1982 - Dialogue 21 (2):255-260.
    Rolf Gruner has argued that natural selection plus time does not entail, and hence does not explain, evolution. This according to Gruner is the result of the undeniable fact that evolution involves an increase in the complexity of organisms:Since increase in complexity is part of the concept of evolution, evolution is not explained by the theory of natural selection. The Darwinian or Neo-Darwinian affirms the reality of evolution and seems to believe that it can be accounted for in terms of (...)
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  11.  8
    Evolution, Morality and the Fabric of Society.R. Paul Thompson - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    Recent interest in the evolution of the social contract is extended by providing a throughly naturalistic, evolutionary account of the biological underpinnings of a social contract theory of morality. This social contract theory of morality provides an evolutionary justification of the primacy of a moral principle of maximisation of the opportunities for evolutionary reproductive success, where maximising opportunities does not entail an obligation on individuals to choose to maximise their ERS. From that primary principle, the moral principles of inclusion, individual (...)
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  12.  34
    Is Sociobiology a Pseudoscience?R. Paul Thompson - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:363 - 370.
    Among the numerous criticisms of sociobiology is the criticism that it is not genuine science. This paper defends sociobiology against this criticism. There are three aspects to the defense. First, it is argued that the testability criterion of pseudoscience is generally problematic as a criterion and that even if accepted it fails to mark sociobiology as a pseudoscience. Second, it is argued that Thagard's more comprehensive and sophisticated criterion of pseudoscience fails to mark sociobiology as a pseudoscience. Third, a positive (...)
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  13.  23
    Sociobiology: Sense or Nonsense?R. Paul Thompson - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (2):173-177.
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  14.  29
    The role of models in the medical explanation of socially maladaptive behavior.R. Paul Thompson - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (4):423-436.
    Medical explanations of socially maladaptive behaviors most often involve an appeal to neuro-physiological models. One consequence of the appeal to such models is a lack of attention to the social character of the behaviors. It is, I argue, the social character of the behaviors that, even accepting a neuro-physiological etiology, makes classification and, hence, explanation of these disorders controversial and suspect. At the heart of the problem is the difficulty, resulting from the social aspects of the disorder, in fulfilling the (...)
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  15.  37
    Sociobiology: Sense or Nonsense? [REVIEW]R. Paul Thompson - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 2 (2):173-177.