Results for 'R. J. Baron'

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  1.  30
    Eye contact and the perception of intelligence.R. Wade Wheeler, Joan C. Baron, Susan Michell & Harvey J. Ginsburg - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (2):101-102.
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  2.  18
    Giving answers or raising questions?: the problematic role of institutional ethics committees.J. E. Fleetwood, R. M. Arnold & R. J. Baron - 1989 - Journal of Medical Ethics 15 (3):137-142.
    Institutional ethics committees (IECs) are part of a growing phenomenon in the American health care system. Although a major force driving hospitals to establish IECs is the desire to resolve difficult clinical dilemmas in a quick and systematic way, in this paper we argue that such a goal is naive and, to some extent, misguided. We assess the growing trend of these committees, analyse the theoretical assumptions underlying their establishment, and evaluate their strengths and shortcomings. We show how the 'medical (...)
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  3. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Normative and prescriptive implications of individual differences.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & J. Baron - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):668-668.
     
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  4.  6
    How Change Happens with Difficulty.R. J. Martin - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (1):109-110.
    Open peer commentary on the article “A Cybernetic Approach to Contextual Teaching and Learning” by Philip Baron. Upshot: I consider implications of Baron’s article on change in university education. In particular, I address the problem of why change happens with difficulty and how the principles and practices of second-order cybernetics that Baron discusses are applicable beyond South Africa to a wide range of situations.
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  5.  52
    The Life Of Baron Von Hügel.R. J. Schoeck - 1952 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 27 (4):632-634.
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  6. Teaching medical ethics and law within medical education: a model for the UK core curriculum. Consensus statement by teachers of medical ethics and law in UK medical schools.R. Ashcroft, D. Baron, S. Benstar, S. Bewley, K. Boyd, J. Caddick, A. Campbell, A. Cattan, G. Claden & A. Day - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (3):188-192.
     
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  7.  24
    Name lndex.R. Banse, K. S. Barber, J. A. Bargh, R. M. Baron, R. Bartle, F. C. Bartlett, P. Baumgartner & L. Van Beethoven - 2002 - In Robert Trappl (ed.), Emotions in Humans and Artifacts. Bradford Book/Mit Press. pp. 377.
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  8.  40
    Atomic dynamics of i-ScZnMg and its 1/1 approximant phase: Experiment and simulation.M. Mihalkovič, S. Francoual, K. Shibata, M. De Boissieu, A. Q. R. Baron, Y. Sidis, T. Ishimasa, D. Wu, T. Lograsso, L. -Pierre Regnault, F. Gähler, S. Tsutsui, B. Hennion, P. Bastie, T. J. Sato, H. Takakura, R. Currat & A. -P. Tsai - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (13-15):2311-2318.
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  9.  94
    Why Studies of Autism Spectrum Disorders Have Failed to Resolve the Theory Theory Versus Simulation Theory Debate.Meredith R. Wilkinson & Linden J. Ball - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (2):263-291.
    The Theory Theory (TT) versus Simulation Theory (ST) debate is primarily concerned with how we understand others’ mental states. Theory theorists claim we do this using rules that are akin to theoretical laws, whereas simulation theorists claim we use our own minds to imagine ourselves in another’s position. Theorists from both camps suggest a consideration of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) can help resolve the TT/ST debate (e.g., Baron-Cohen 1995; Carruthers 1996a; Goldman 2006). We present a three-part argument (...)
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  10. Author Albrecht, RW 251 Baid, NK 110 Barone, JM 168.S. Benayoun, S. Bocionek, S. K. Chakravarthy, S. Chi, A. Cimatti, V. Clement, J. Cooper, K. R. Cox, L. Dafa & B. Fade - forthcoming - Proceedings: Ai, Simulation and Planning in High Autonomy Systems.
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  11.  29
    Essays on Maimonides.Moses Maimonides & Salo Wittmayer Baron (eds.) - 1941 - New York,: AMS Press.
    The celebration of the eight-hundredth anniversary of the birth of Moses Maimonides, Casa de las Españas, Columbia University, March 30, 1935: Introduction by N. M. Butler. Moses Maimonides, the philosopher, by R. McKeon. Maimonides, the scientist, by R. Gottheil. Maimonides, the leader and lawgiver, by S. W. Baron.--Homage to Maimonides, by E. Gilson.--The literary character of the Guide for the perplexed, by L. Strauss.--Maimonides' treaties on resurrection: a comparative study, by J. Finkel.--A responsum of Maimonides, by R. Gottheil.--The economic (...)
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  12.  16
    Ironie, littérature, philosophie.Christine Baron - 2009 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 93 (3):463-478.
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  13.  15
    Life of John William Strutt Third Baron Rayleigh, O.M., F.R.S.Robert John Strutt.J. Brookes Spencer - 1971 - Isis 62 (1):118-118.
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  14. The Atomists.R. J. Hankinson - 1998 - In Cause and explanation in ancient Greek thought. New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this chapter, Hankinson discusses the theory of Atomism, from Leucippus and Democritus to Epicurus and his followers. The early Atomists were concerned with the circumvention of the Eleatic denial of motion; they did so by positing unchanging atoms and the existence of the void in which the atoms move. Democritean Atomism is thoroughly mechanistic and reductionist; Epicurean Atomism is ontologically more generous, accepting, for instance, the reality of properties and guaranteeing, by virtue of the controversial notion of the ‘swerve’, (...)
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  15. Abstracta and Abstraction in Trope Theory.A. R. J. Fisher - 2020 - Philosophical Papers 49 (1):41-67.
    Trope theory is a leading metaphysical theory in analytic ontology. One of its classic statements is found in the work of Donald C. Williams who argued that tropes qua abstract particulars are the very alphabet of being. The concept of an abstract particular has been repeatedly attacked in the literature. Opponents and proponents of trope theory alike have levelled their criticisms at the abstractness of tropes and the associated act of abstraction. In this paper I defend the concept of a (...)
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  16. Instantiation in Trope Theory.A. R. J. Fisher - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (2):153-164.
    The concept of instantiation is realized differently across a variety of metaphysical theories. A certain realization of the concept in a given theory depends on what roles are specified and associated with the concept and its corresponding term as well as what entities are suited to fill those roles. In this paper, the classic realization of the concept of instantiation in a one-category ontology of abstract particulars or tropes is articulated in a novel way and defended against unaddressed objections.
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  17.  20
    Life of John William Strutt Third Baron Rayleigh, O.M., F.R.S. by Robert John Strutt. [REVIEW]J. Spencer - 1971 - Isis 62:118-118.
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  18.  31
    An Historian's Approach to Religion.R. J. Adam - 1959 - Philosophical Quarterly 9 (34):94.
  19. The psychopath. Emotion and the brain.R. J. R. Blair, D. Mitchell & K. Blair - 2005 - Blackwell.
    Psychopaths continue to be demonised by the media and estimates suggest that a disturbing percentage of the population has psychopathic tendencies. This timely and controversial new book summarises what we already know about psychopathy and antisocial behavior and puts forward a new case for its cause - with far-reaching implications. Presents the scientific facts of psychopathy and antisocial behavior. Addresses key questions, such as: What is psychopathy? Are there psychopaths amongst us? What is wrong with psychopaths? Is psychopathy due to (...)
     
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  20.  27
    Visual Analysis and Representation of Spatial Relations.R. J. Watt - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (4):267-288.
  21. Responding to the emotions of others: Dissociating forms of empathy through the study of typical and psychiatric populations.R. J. R. Blair - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):698-718.
    Empathy is a lay term that is becoming increasingly viewed as a unitary function within the field of cognitive neuroscience. In this paper, a selective review of the empathy literature is provided. It is argued from this literature that empathy is not a unitary system but rather a loose collection of partially dissociable neurocognitive systems. In particular, three main divisions can be made: cognitive empathy , motor empathy, and emotional empathy. The two main psychiatric disorders associated with empathic dysfunction are (...)
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  22.  57
    Spinoza.R. J. Delahunty - 1985 - New York: Routledge.
    This book is available either individually, or as part of the specially-priced Arguments of the Philosphers Collection.
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  23.  19
    Herodas, Col. XL LL. 11, 12.R. J. Walker - 1892 - The Classical Review 6 (06):262-263.
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  24. Box 1. Gestalt arguments for grouping.R. J. Watt & W. A. Phillips - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):447-454.
  25.  20
    What is Weber's Law?R. J. Watt - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):313-314.
  26. Political Liberalism and Political Community.R. J. Leland & Han van Wietmarschen - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):142-167.
    We provide a justification for political liberalism’s Reciprocity Principle, which states that political decisions must be justified exclusively on the basis of considerations that all reasonable citizens can reasonably be expected to accept. The standard argument for the Reciprocity Principle grounds it in a requirement of respect for persons. We argue for a different, but compatible, justification: the Reciprocity Principle is justified because it makes possible a desirable kind of political community. The general endorsement of the Reciprocity Principle, we will (...)
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  27.  23
    Epicharmus, Sicily, and Early Greek Philosophy.R. J. Barnes - 2023 - In Phillip Mitsis & Victoria Pichugina (eds.), Paideia on Stage. Parnassos Press. pp. 43-74.
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  28.  61
    The Sceptics.R. J. Hankinson - 1995 - New York: Routledge.
    _The Sceptics_ is the first comprehensive, up-to-date treatment of Greek scepticism, from the beginnings of epistemology with Xenophanes, to the final full development of Pyrrhonism as presented in the work of Sextus Empiricus. Tracing the evolution of scepticism from 500 B.C to A.D 200, this clear and rigorous analysis presents the arguments of the Greek sceptics in their historical context and provides an in-depth study of the various strands of the sceptical tradition.
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  29.  77
    Civic Friendship, Public Reason.R. J. Leland - 2019 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 47 (1):72-103.
    Philosophy &Public Affairs, Volume 47, Issue 1, Page 72-103, Winter 2019.
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  30.  2
    The Sceptics.R. J. Hankinson - 1998 - In Cause and explanation in ancient Greek thought. New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this chapter, Hankinson discusses the sceptical attacks on dogmatic accounts of cause and explanation, beginning with the Eight Modes of Aenesidemus, before moving on to discuss Sextus Empiricus’ general attack on the very coherence of the notions of causation. Aenesidemus’ Eight Modes are a set of arguments of varying scope and power against the Aetiology of the Dogmatists; they demonstrate the fundamental difficulties in any attempt to investigate the hidden structures of things, and also raise methodological difficulties. Sextus Empiricus (...)
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  31. Reasonableness, Intellectual Modesty, and Reciprocity in Political Justification.R. J. Leland & Han van Wietmarschen - 2012 - Ethics 122 (4):721-747.
    Political liberals ask citizens not to appeal to certain considerations, including religious and philosophical convictions, in political deliberation. We argue that political liberals must include a demanding requirement of intellectual modesty in their ideal of citizenship in order to motivate this deliberative restraint. The requirement calls on each citizen to believe that the best reasoners disagree about the considerations that she is barred from appealing to. Along the way, we clarify how requirements of intellectual modesty relate to moral reasons for (...)
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  32.  20
    Twinning and martensitic transformations in oriented high-density polyethylene.R. J. Young & P. B. Bowden - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 29 (5):1061-1073.
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  33.  46
    Hartle-Hawking cosmology and unconditional probabilities.R. J. Deltete & R. A. Guy - 1997 - Analysis 57 (4):304-315.
  34.  9
    Naming and Reference: The Link of Word to Object.R. J. Nelson - 1992 - New York: Routledge.
    First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  35.  3
    Naming and Reference: The Link of Word to Object.R. J. Nelson - 1992 - New York: Routledge.
    First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  36.  42
    On mechanical recognition.R. J. Nelson - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (1):24-52.
    In this paper I argue that human pattern recognition can be simulated by automata. In particular, I show that gestalt recognition and recognition of family resemblances are within the capabilities of sufficiently complex Turing machines. The argument rests on elementary facts of automata and computability theory which are used to explicate our preanalytic, informal concepts concerning gestalt patterns and recognition. The central idea is that of a machine which "knows" its own structure. Although the paper thus aims to support mechanism, (...)
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  37.  3
    Philosophy and the human sciences.R. J. Anderson - 1986 - Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble. Edited by J. A. Hughes & wW Sharrock.
  38.  12
    Derivatives of matching.R. J. Herrnstein - 1979 - Psychological Review 86 (5):486-495.
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  39.  71
    On machine expectation.R. J. Nelson - 1975 - Synthese 31 (1):129 - 139.
  40. Somatic Markers and Response Reversal: Is There Orbitofrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Boys With Psychopathic Tendencies?R. J. R. Blair, E. Colledge & D. G. V. Mitchell - 2001 - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 29 (6):499-511.
    This study investigated the performance of boys with psychopathic tendencies and comparison boys, aged 9 to 17 years, on two tasks believed to be sensitive to amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex func- tioning. Fifty-one boys were divided into two groups according to the Psychopathy Screening Device (PSD, P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, in press) and presented with two tasks. The tasks were the gambling task (A. Bechara, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, & S. W. Anderson, 1994) and the Intradimensional/ (...)
     
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  41.  67
    The Behavioral Basis of Perception.R. J. Hirst, J. G. Taylor & Seymour Papert - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (58):80.
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  42. A Theory of Natural Philosophy.R. J. Boscovitch - 1966
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  43.  34
    Reason, cause, and explanation in presocratic philosophy.R. J. Hankinson - 2008 - In Patricia Curd & Daniel Graham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy. Oxford University Press USA.
    In the Archaic Geek world of epic poetry, the causes of things are shrouded in divine mystery; the gods intervene in human affairs, and bring about events, in a cruel and capricious fashion, according to their whims; Apollo visits the devastating plague of Iliad 1 on the Greek host to avenge Agamemnon's ill-treatment of one of his priests; Poseidon shakes the earth and angers the sea, bringing to destruction those who have incurred his ire, as does Zeus himself with his (...)
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  44.  10
    Nietzsche.R. J. Hollingdale - 1973 - Boston,: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    I Foundations i Every account of Nietzsche is an interpretation. Perhaps students of him are inclined to forget the extent to which this is also true of ...
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  45. Gene regulation for higher cells : a theory.R. J. Britten & E. H. Davidson - 2014 - In Francisco José Ayala & John C. Avise (eds.), Essential readings in evolutionary biology. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  46.  19
    David Hume and the myth of the ‘Warburtonian School’.R. J. W. Mills - 2023 - History of European Ideas 49 (2):200-223.
    David Hume (1711–1776) believed a ‘confederacy of authors’, brought together by the notoriously pugnacious William Warburton (1698–1779), were his most consistent and scurrilous critics. Warburton and his ‘School’ were Hume’s bêtes noires and embodied so much of what he fought against. Only there is reason to believe that the ‘Warburtonian School’ was more a useful fiction than a historical reality. The following deep dive into Humeana and the ‘stuff of anecdote’ digs up substantial conclusions about Hume’s philosophical project and context. (...)
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  47. Passive avoidance learning in individuals with psychopathy: modulation by reward but not by punishment.R. J. R. Blair, D. G. V. Mitchell, A. Leonard, S. Budhani, K. S. Peschardt & C. Newman - 2004 - Personality and Individual Differences 37:1179–1192.
    This study investigates the ability of individuals with psychopathy to perform passive avoidance learning and whether this ability is modulated by level of reinforcement/punishment. Nineteen psychopathic and 21 comparison individuals, as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised (Hare, 1991), were given a passive avoidance task with a graded reinforcement schedule. Response to each rewarding number gained a point reward specific to that number (i.e., 1, 700, 1400 or 2000 points). Response to each punishing number lost a point punishment specific (...)
     
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  48. Realism.R. J. Hirst - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of philosophy. New York,: Macmillan. pp. 7--77.
  49.  57
    Nietzsche: the man and his philosophy.R. J. Hollingdale - 1965 - Baton Rouge,: Louisiana State University Press.
    This is the ideal book for anyone interested in Nietzsche's life and work who wishes to learn why he is such a significant figure for the development of modern ...
  50. Carroll, N.-A. Philosophy of Mass Art.R. J. Yanal - 1999 - Philosophical Books 40:200-201.
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