191 found
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  1.  59
    The Scientific Image. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):636-638.
    The doctrine of scientific realism has once again come into the center of attention for many philosophers of science, although of course the approaches, arguments, and emphases have somewhat changed. This book is an excellent entree to the current debates on this topic, as seen by van Fraassen who is probably the most direct and severe opponent of scientific realism. What is at stake is nothing less than the ultimate goal of science and the significance of its theories.
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  2.  17
    A Realist Theory of Science. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (3):619-620.
    First published in 1975 by Leeds Books Ltd., this second, revised edition adds only a short, twelve page Postscript and an Index. The former replies to reviews of the original edition by clarifying the use of two key terms, by commenting on its principal weaknesses, and by indicating the direction of further work required by the position advocated.
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  3.  17
    Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):681-681.
    A new translation which is eminently readable and extremely accurate. Much of the awkwardness and unnecessary obscurity of the Ogden translation has been eliminated. The comprehensive index which combines both English and German expressions is designed to meet the special problems involved in understanding the Tractatus. Unfortunately Russell's introduction to the 1922 edition is reproduced without any indication of the controversy concerning Russell's interpretation, or subsequent interpretations of the Tractatus.--R. J. B.
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  4.  36
    Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):349-349.
    During the past decade some of the most provocative and controversial disputes concerning the philosophy and history of science have centered about the work of Thomas Kuhn and Sir Karl Popper. One, therefore, looks with anticipation to this volume which is based on a symposium held in July, 1965 where Kuhn, Popper and several of Popper's former students met for an intellectual confrontation. But the result is depressing. The volume is an editorial mess. Two of the main scheduled speakers never (...)
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  5.  21
    Critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy of Right'. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):131-132.
    Despite the enormous and growing interest in Marx and the availability of Marx's writing in paperback, it is scandalous how little care has been taken in producing careful texts and English translations of Marx's work. O'Malley's edition is an outstanding exception. It is carefully and intelligently edited. The result makes available an extremely interesting text of Marx. A number of scholars have already argued that in this early critique, one can discover some of the earliest formulations of distinctive Marxian themes. (...)
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  6.  11
    Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):150-150.
    A provocative collection of technical and popular essays dealing with a variety of scientific and political topics which Popper has treated in his major works. For the most part Popper develops, sharpens, and extends to new areas, themes which he has already explored. The major theme running through the essays is that knowledge grows by unjustified and unjustifiable anticipations, guesses and conjectures. These are controlled by criticisms and refutations. Theories can never be positively justified; they can only prove to be (...)
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  7.  78
    On Existence and the Human World. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):156-156.
    Although this book consists of a number of essays, some of which have been published, there is a remarkable unity of perspective and metaphysical orientation. Mrs. De Laguna writes with clarity and vigor and tackles some of the toughest philosophical problems and positions. Beginning with a discussion of science and teleology, she argues that recent science requires the recognition of "teleonomy" in nature. In her analysis of existence and potentiality, the thesis that whatever exists contains potentialities is defended. This enables (...)
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  8.  59
    The Presence of the Word. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):559-559.
    Ten years ago Father Ong published a scholarly book, Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue which led him to raise fundamental questions about the history of the spoken word. Since that time, he has returned to this complex topic from a variety of perspectives, extending his vision over the entire development of Western Civilization. Now in this book he traces the development of the "shifting sensorium," from its oral-aural sources to the subtle take over of the visual world to (...)
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  9.  54
    Philosophy and Scientific Realism. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):184-184.
    During the past few years, Smart has published a series of provocative articles in which he has argued for a "tough-minded" scientific materialism. In this book, which makes use of the articles and combines them with new material, he boldly defends the possibility of a synthetic philosophy which attempts to think clearly and comprehensively about the nature of the universe and the principles of conduct. Starting with a critique of phenomenalism, he argues that the physicist's picture of the world is (...)
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  10.  10
    The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):153-153.
    A sampler of Russell's writings from 1963 to 1959 which provides representative selections from his multifarious writings. The book is designed more for the general reader than for the scholar interested in piecing together the complex mosaic of the man and his work. There is a preface by Bertrand Russell. Handsomely printed, the total effect shows once again how unique and many-sided is this twentieth-century intellectual explorer.--R. J. B.
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  11.  44
    Political Theory and the Rights of Man. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):393-393.
    Although political theory was pronounced dead only a few short years ago, this collection of articles shows that much life is left in contemporary political theory. Based on a symposium concerning human rights held at the Sixth World Congress of the International Political Science Association held at Geneva in 1964, the collection includes papers by Macpherson, Polin, Chapman, Cranston, Raphael, Mayo, Schneider, and Fawcett. Macpherson and Polin set the context by exploring the concept of rights in Hobbes and Locke. While (...)
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  12.  43
    Classics in Logic. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):311-311.
    A hodgepodge of selections from Abailard to Zabarella, lacking any of the scholarly care which might have made it a useful volume.--R. J. B.
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  13.  43
    Studies in Philosophy. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):476-476.
    A medley of sensible and informative papers ranging over Advaita Vedanta, the similarities of Eastern and Western philosophy, and social problems of contemporary India.--R. J. B.
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  14.  42
    On Intellectuals. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):365-366.
    Ever since Plato's Republic, a persistent problem and dilemma in Western thought has been the relation of the love of wisdom and political power, especially the role that the intellectual does or ought to play in the world of action. This volume includes both theoretical studies and case studies of modern intellectuals. Most of the articles have been published before but several, including T. Parson's "'The Intellectual': A Social Role Category" and J. Netl's "Ideas, Intellectuals, and Structures of Dissent" were (...)
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  15.  39
    The Quest for Being. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):192-192.
    A collection of popular and semi-technical philosophic essays written during the past twenty-five years, in which Hook defends an "experimental or pragmatic naturalism." A large part of the essays are concerned with defending naturalism against its critics and subjecting the recent revival of religion and theology to a devasting polemical attack. Hook's tough-minded intelligence is evident throughout, though he does little toward a careful explication of the knottier problems that cluster about naturalism.--R. J. B.
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  16.  38
    Must We Mean What We Say? [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (1):134-135.
    Cavell is one of the most gifted and sensitive philosophers who has been influenced by Wittgenstein and Austin. He is no slavish disciple but an intelligent and perceptive interpreter of the contemporary sensibility. Six of the ten essays have already appeared in print and some have already become intellectual gems. In "The Availability of Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy," Cavell better than most has managed to capture and convey the spirit and the intensity of the later Wittgenstein. The title essay is the (...)
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  17.  38
    The Perception of Causality. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):180-181.
    Since the time of Hume and Maine de Biran there have been two dominant views concerning our experience or perception of causality: Humians maintain that there is no direct experience of a causal link between successive events, while followers of Maine de Biran have argued that there is an internal experience of causality. By devising a series of ingenious experiments, Michotte attempts to show that both traditions are mistaken, and that there are causal impressions in the realm of external experience. (...)
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  18.  37
    Man and His Becoming. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):816-817.
    The demand for a synoptic philosophic overview is a perennial one. If contemporary professional philosophers are reluctant to satisfy such a demand, others will attempt it. In this brief sketch, Phenix argues that there are three perspectives for understanding the complexity of human nature. The natural sciences disclose the universal aspects of human nature, the social sciences describe those aspects shared with some but not all other persons, and the humanities show man in his uniqueness. Throughout his discussion Phenix is (...)
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  19.  35
    Hegel's Philosophy of Nature. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):741-742.
    This is the first complete translation of the second part of Hegel's Encyclopaedia. It is based on the recent German text edited by Nicolin and Pöggeler and contains the Zusätze from Michelet's text. Findlay is to be congratulated for encouraging the publication of this book which is part of a project of completing the translation of the three parts of Hegel's Encyclopaedia together with their Zusätze. A. V. Miller who has already provided a new translation of Hegel's Science of Logic (...)
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  20.  35
    Metaphysics. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):482-482.
    A lively introduction to metaphysical problems, including the relation of mind and body, freedom and determinism, time and becoming, and God. Starting with common sense beliefs, Taylor uses a natural dialectic to show how metaphysical problems arise. The clarity and forcefulness of his discussions and arguments invite the reader to join issue.--R. J. B.
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  21.  35
    The Federal Convention and the Formation of the Union of the American States. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 12 (4):669-669.
    Madison's Notes of the Convention debates are the central document in this fine series covering the period from the Declaration of Rights of the Stamp Act Congress to the ratification of the Constitution. The editor's excellent introduction and notes sketch the background and influences on American Constitutionalism.--R. J. B.
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  22.  34
    Science and Philosophy. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):818-818.
    Beginning with a sketch of Aristotelian science and the challenge of the new sciences, Smith leads the reader into a consideration of problems concerning the relation of philosophy and science. Smith provides a panoramic view of traditional and contemporary points of views. Smith also attempts to develop and defend an Aristotelian theory of the philosophy of nature.—R. J. B.
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  23. Must We Mean What We Say? [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (1):134-134.
    Cavell is one of the most gifted and sensitive philosophers who has been influenced by Wittgenstein and Austin. He is no slavish disciple but an intelligent and perceptive interpreter of the contemporary sensibility. Six of the ten essays have already appeared in print and some have already become intellectual gems. In "The Availability of Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy," Cavell better than most has managed to capture and convey the spirit and the intensity of the later Wittgenstein. The title essay is the (...)
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  24. Studies in Philosophy. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):476-476.
    A medley of sensible and informative papers ranging over Advaita Vedanta, the similarities of Eastern and Western philosophy, and social problems of contemporary India.--R. J. B.
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  25. Science and Philosophy. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):818-818.
    Beginning with a sketch of Aristotelian science and the challenge of the new sciences, Smith leads the reader into a consideration of problems concerning the relation of philosophy and science. Smith provides a panoramic view of traditional and contemporary points of views. Smith also attempts to develop and defend an Aristotelian theory of the philosophy of nature.—R. J. B.
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  26.  32
    Essays in Philosophy. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):821-821.
    Fifty two scholars from the east and west have contributed essays to this volume presented to T. M. P. Mahadevan, head of the Department of Philosophy, University of Madras on his fiftieth birthday. Although the range of papers is broad, collectively they present an overview of the diverse currents in traditional and contemporary Indian philosophy. A bibliography of Mahadevan's writings is also included.—R. J. B.
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  27.  31
    Introduction to William James. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):560-560.
    This book was originally written for the French series, Philosophes de tous les temps. It follows the format of this series with an introductory essay and series of brief selections from James. Although Reck states that he "sought to see James as the French see him," he does not limit himself to a single perspective but presents a judicious, balanced interpretation of James. There is little exploitation of the recent "discovery" of James by phenomenologically oriented philosophers. In his introductory essay, (...)
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  28.  30
    Bibliographic Sources of Existential Thought. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):531-531.
    An extensive bibliography of existential literature published in English covering the fields of art, literature, philosophy, psychiatry, and theology.--R. J. B.
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  29.  29
    Being-in-the-World. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):171-171.
    This is much more than a translation of Binswanger's important papers. Needleman's stimulating introduction explicates the core of Binswanger's Daseinanalyse. Focusing his attention on what Needleman calls the "existential a priori," he attempts to show how Binswanger's thought is related to the tradition of Kant, Husserl and Heidegger. In a suggestive analysis of the nature of explanation, Needleman also argues that Binswanger's Daseinanalyse complements Freudian psychoanalysis. A well-designed study which serves as an excellent introduction to the thought of Binswanger and (...)
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  30.  27
    Hegel's Concept of Experience. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):340-340.
    Whatever one thinks of Heidegger's philosophy, he is one of the most incisive philosophic commentators of our time. He is frequently at his best and is most lucid in his close examinations of other philosophers. The introduction to Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit has been overshadowed by the much more famous preface. In his paragraph-by-paragraph analysis, Heidegger reveals how much we learn from this introduction about Hegel's conception of knowledge, philosophy, and experience. At the same time that Heidegger illuminates Hegel's text, (...)
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  31.  26
    The Chicago Pragmatists. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):138-139.
    We frequently think of American pragmatism as consisting of the philosophies of Peirce, James, and Dewey. But this picture of pragmatism distorts the actual historical development of this loosely associated movement. As Rucker notes and convincingly shows, it was at the University of Chicago that a truly co-operative movement among pragmatically inclined thinkers evolved. It is the story of this movement that he tells in this book. It is a movement very much involved in the history of the University of (...)
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  32.  36
    Review: Wolff, Kant's Theory of Mental Activity: A Commentary on the Transcendental Analytic of the Critique of Pure Reason. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):484-484.
    A brilliant attempt to show how the Transcendental Deduction can be construed as a strict logical deduction. Using Kemp Smith's "pathwork" theory in a novel way, Wolff organizes his commentary around four versions of the main argument which reflect Kant's increasing philosophic subtlety. The heart of the commentary is an analysis of synthesis as a rule-directed mental activity. Throughout there is a judicious balance of historical, textual and philosophic analysis, making this a truly rich commentary.--R. J. B.
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  33.  25
    Reason, Action and Morality. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):154-154.
    Kemp's purpose is to investigate the function of reason in man's practical life. He proceeds by critically discussing the view of Cudworth, Locke, Clarke, Hume, and Kant on the relation between reason and morality. This serves as a basis for Kemp's own discussion in which, as is characteristic of many contemporary philosophers, he attempts to distinguish carefully between describing a line of conduct and assessing it. He delineates four methods of assessment: conformity of an action to law, consistency of a (...)
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  34.  25
    The Morality of Scholarship. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):760-761.
    This book consists of the papers by Northrop Frye, Stuart Hampshire, and Conor Cruise O'Brien read at the inauguration of the Society for the Humanities. The topic was eminently suitable for the inauguration because it provided the occasion for three respected humanistic scholars to reflect on the fragile status of scholarship in our troubled times. While each defends the virtues of objectivity and detachment in scholarship, each is aware how easily these virtues can and do degenerate into vices. Frye sketches (...)
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  35.  24
    A Companion to Wittgenstein's "Tractatus.". [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):149-149.
    During the past few years there has appeared an enormous amount of secondary literature dealing with various aspects of the Tractatus. In the main, the purpose animating this scholarship has been a search for a coherent interpretation or key to the Tractatus. Those who have looked forward to the appearance of Black's book for a definitive interpretation of the Tractatus will be disappointed. For Black is not primarily concerned with arguing for a definitive, coherent interpretation. Instead, this book is a (...)
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  36.  24
    Lectures on the Essence of Religion. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):750-750.
    These lectures, translated for the first time in English, provide the best English source for Feuerbach's mature position. The style of these lectures is informal and clear. Feuerbach escapes the excesses of polemic that are characteristic of many of his earlier works. Feuerbach no longer restricts himself to Christianity but extends his analysis to nature religions, arguing that all religions are grounded in man and nature. The projection theory of God, the claim that the foundation of religion is a feeling (...)
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  37.  24
    Marxism and the Existentialists. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):124-124.
    This book consists of five essays written at three different times, 1946, 1955, and 1964. Aron characterizes these essays as "a dialogue between existentialists and the Marxists as interpreted by a third speaker, namely the author of the book." Aron is primarily concerned with the existentialism of Sartre and Merleau-Ponty, especially their attempts to reconcile existentialism and Marxism. While Aron tries to present a fair statement of their philosophic positions and Marxism, he is deeply skeptical of a successful synthesis of (...)
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  38.  24
    Pragmatic Philosophy. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):565-565.
    This is an anthology with a thesis. For Mrs. Rorty is not only concerned to present us with selections from the "classical" American pragmatists, but to show us how pragmatic themes pervade many aspects of contemporary philosophy. Part One contains ample selections from Peirce, James and Dewey. Part Two consists of some of the criticisms of pragmatism by Russell, Moore and Lovejoy. Part Three is the most interesting and original section. By judiciously selecting papers from a variety of contemporary philosophers, (...)
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  39.  23
    Marxism and Christianity. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):758-758.
    When the original version of this book appeared in 1953, MacIntyre was one of a very few Anglo-Saxon philosophers who exhibited any depth understanding of Marx and Marxism. The course of scholarship since that time both vindicates and supersedes many of the points that MacIntyre makes. He not only shows how Marx secularized the world view ingredient in Christianity, but how Marx moved from the critique of religion to the critique of philosophy. And he nicely sketches for us the move (...)
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  40.  23
    Philosophy and Cybernetics. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):393-393.
    Recently, work in cybernetics, information theory, computers, artificial intelligence, etc. has become of increasing interest to philosophers. This collection of papers delivered to the Philosophic Institute for Artificial Intelligence at Notre Dame surveys some of the main areas of this field and raises a number of important philosophic issues concerning this work. The introduction by the editors and the selected bibliography are extremely helpful for getting acquainted with the variety of approaches and problems that have been in the foreground of (...)
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  41.  23
    Realism and the Background of Phenomenology. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (4):728-728.
    Chisholm's lucid and subtle introduction enables one to understand a wide diversity of selections as well as the import of contemporary realism. Several selections from Brentano, Meinong and Husserl are translated for the first time. The bibliography is the best and most complete we have in English.--R. J. B.
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  42.  23
    The Words. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):385-385.
    This autobiography is a sheer joy to read. It can be read solely for the biographical information it provides, especially of Sartre's childhood. But it combines the best of Sartre's philosophical and literary skills and is an example of what might be called "phenomenological biography." Sartre, in describing his youth, self-referentially exhibits in a vivid and concrete way the themes that have preoccupied him as an intellectual. The translation is good, although it is difficult to capture the spareness and directness (...)
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  43.  22
    Locke on War and Peace. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (3):566-567.
    Contrary to the usual interpretation of Locke, Cox argues that Locke's political philosophy has a strong Hobbesian flavor. The state of nature is really a state of war, and the law of nature turns out to be a "con- struct of the mind." To justify this interpretation, Cox carefully analyzes Locke's two Treatises. He suggests that Locke accommodated his philosophic argument to the prevailing political, philosophical, and religious atmosphere of the day, but that this is only a device for presenting (...)
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  44.  22
    Notebooks 1914-1918. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):197-197.
    The editors have continued the procedure of placing the English translation opposite the corresponding German text. In addition to the Notebooks, there are some additional English notes given to Moore and Russell as well as some letters to Russell. All of this material is extremely helpful for understanding the context of the Tractatus. The philosophic style of these remarks also reveals a greater continuity between the so-called earlier and later Wittgenstein than is frequently acknowledged.--R. J. B.
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  45.  22
    Philosophical Comments on the Philosophies of Charles Sanders Peirce and Ludwig Wittgenstein. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):527-528.
    A comparison of the views of Peirce and Wittgenstein on logic and mathematics with special reference to negation, relations, and computation. No attempt is made to distinguish carefully the different stages in the development of either philosopher.--R J. B.
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  46.  22
    Representation. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):366-367.
    This anthology is part of the Atherton Controversies Series which is designed to focus on controversial topics in the social sciences. Although the notion of "representation" has been a central one in political theory--especially since the seventeenth century--and has been discussed by a great variety of political theorists and philosophers, there has been a surprising lack of theoretical investigation into just what representation does or ought to mean. Pitkin has written a fine introduction that helps guide the reader through the (...)
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  47.  22
    The Origins of Pragmatism. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):372-372.
    Discussions of American philosophy have too frequently fallen into two extreme categories: slavish and plodding exposition; and supercilious and superficial criticism. But what the "classic" American philosophers need is sympathetic but judicious criticism. This book is a model of such criticism. Basically, it consists of two relatively independent monographs--one dealing with Peirce and one with James. Ayer makes no claims to produce a work of historical scholarship. And scholars will find much to quarrel with in this book. But their argument (...)
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  48.  21
    Existential Phenomenology. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (4):725-725.
    A rethinking of problems in "the 'climate' of thought proper to existentialists and phenomenologists." The author works out his own version of existential phenomenology--one which sees man as radically dependent on the Transcendent "To Be." Though there is insufficient discussion of the more complex and subtle issues of phenomenology, the work can serve as a guide to the entire movement.--R. J. B.
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  49.  21
    Hegel's Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):351-351.
    Was Hegel a good guy or a bad guy? Was he a conservative or a liberal? Was he a proto-fascist as Popper has claimed or the greatest philosophic champion of human freedom as Marcuse has claimed? The debate has been a long and heated one and in this volume, Kaufmann includes a number of articles written in English that are concerned with these related issues. But one feels that something is missing from these heated controversies and that is Hegel himself. (...)
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  50.  21
    Karl Marx on Colonialism and Modernization. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):771-771.
    Considering the renewed interest in Marx and Marxism, this book is especially timely. For Marxism as an appealing political outlook frequently seems most alive for those countries that have suffered the effects of colonization. And for western Marxists, the crucial test of their views is to be found in their attitudes toward colonialism and neocolonialism. But paradoxically, in the search for a viable view of "underdeveloped" countries, most professed Marxists have built upon the teachings of Lenin rather Marx. Avineri has (...)
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