59 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Ralph Hertwig [50]R. Hertwig [9]
  1. Time and moral judgment.Renata S. Suter & Ralph Hertwig - 2011 - Cognition 119 (3):454-458.
  2. Nudge Versus Boost: How Coherent are Policy and Theory?Till Grüne-Yanoff & Ralph Hertwig - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):149-183.
    If citizens’ behavior threatens to harm others or seems not to be in their own interest, it is not uncommon for governments to attempt to change that behavior. Governmental policy makers can apply established tools from the governmental toolbox to this end. Alternatively, they can employ new tools that capitalize on the wealth of knowledge about human behavior and behavior change that has been accumulated in the behavioral sciences. Two contrasting approaches to behavior change are nudge policies and boost policies. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  3.  46
    The priority heuristic: Making choices without trade-offs.Eduard Brandstätter, Gerd Gigerenzer & Ralph Hertwig - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (2):409-432.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   65 citations  
  4. Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?Ralph Hertwig & Andreas Ortmann - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):383-403.
    This target article is concerned with the implications of the surprisingly different experimental practices in economics and in areas of psychology relevant to both economists and psychologists, such as behavioral decision making. We consider four features of experimentation in economics, namely, script enactment, repeated trials, performance-based monetary payments, and the proscription against deception, and compare them to experimental practices in psychology, primarily in the area of behavioral decision making. Whereas economists bring a precisely defined “script” to experiments for participants to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  5.  48
    Cognitive Success: A Consequentialist Account of Rationality in Cognition.Gerhard Schurz & Ralph Hertwig - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):7-36.
    One of the most discussed issues in psychology—presently and in the past—is how to define and measure the extent to which human cognition is rational. The rationality of human cognition is often evaluated in terms of normative standards based on a priori intuitions. Yet this approach has been challenged by two recent developments in psychology that we review in this article: ecological rationality and descriptivism. Going beyond these contributions, we consider it a good moment for psychologists and philosophers to join (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  6.  9
    Simple Heuristics in a Social World.Ralph Hertwig & Ulrich Hoffrage (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    This title invites readers to discover the simple heuristics that people use to navigate the complexities and surprises of environments populated with others.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  7.  48
    How Forgetting Aids Heuristic Inference.Lael J. Schooler & Ralph Hertwig - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):610-628.
    Some theorists, ranging from W. James to contemporary psychologists, have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of beneficial forgetting by proposing that loss of information aids inference heuristics that exploit mnemonic information. To this end, the authors bring together 2 research programs that take an ecological approach to studying cognition. Specifically, they implement fast and frugal heuristics within the ACT-R cognitive architecture. Simulations of the recognition heuristic, which relies on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  8.  17
    Studies in Ecological Rationality.Ralph Hertwig, Christina Leuker, Thorsten Pachur, Leonidas Spiliopoulos & Timothy J. Pleskac - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (3):467-491.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 14, Issue 3, Page 467-491, July 2022.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9.  47
    The interpretation of uncertainty in ecological rationality.Anastasia Kozyreva & Ralph Hertwig - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):1517-1547.
    Despite the ubiquity of uncertainty, scientific attention has focused primarily on probabilistic approaches, which predominantly rely on the assumption that uncertainty can be measured and expressed numerically. At the same time, the increasing amount of research from a range of areas including psychology, economics, and sociology testify that in the real world, people’s understanding of risky and uncertain situations cannot be satisfactorily explained in probabilistic and decision-theoretical terms. In this article, we offer a theoretical overview of an alternative approach to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  10.  30
    Decisions from experience: Why small samples?Ralph Hertwig & Timothy J. Pleskac - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):225-237.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  11.  19
    A map of ecologically rational heuristics for uncertain strategic worlds.Leonidas Spiliopoulos & Ralph Hertwig - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (2):245-280.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  12.  90
    Grandparental investment: Past, present, and future.David A. Coall & Ralph Hertwig - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (1):1-19.
    What motivates grandparents to their altruism? We review answers from evolutionary theory, sociology, and economics. Sometimes in direct conflict with each other, these accounts of grandparental investment exist side-by-side, with little or no theoretical integration. They all account for some of the data, and none account for all of it. We call for a more comprehensive theoretical framework of grandparental investment that addresses its proximate and ultimate causes, and its variability due to lineage, values, norms, institutions (e.g., inheritance laws), and (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  13.  24
    The ecology of competition: A theory of risk–reward environments in adaptive decision making.Timothy J. Pleskac, Larissa Conradt, Christina Leuker & Ralph Hertwig - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (2):315-335.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  14.  39
    How choice ecology influences search in decisions from experience.Tomás Lejarraga, Ralph Hertwig & Cleotilde Gonzalez - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):334-342.
  15.  47
    Finding Foundations for Bounded and Adaptive Rationality.Ralph Hertwig & Arthur Paul Pedersen - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):1-8.
  16. The psychology and rationality of decisions from experience.Ralph Hertwig - 2012 - Synthese 187 (1):269-292.
    Most investigations into how people make risky choices have employed a simple drosophila: monetary gambles involving stated outcomes and probabilities. People are asked to make decisions from description . When people decide whether to back up their computer hard drive, cross a busy street, or go out on a date, however, they do not enjoy the convenience of stated outcomes and probabilities. People make such decisions either in the void of ignorance or in the twilight of their own often limited (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  17. More is not always better: The benefits of cognitive limits.Ralph Hertwig & Peter M. Todd - 2003 - Thinking: Psychological Perspectives on Reasoning, Judgment and Decision Making.
  18.  33
    The role of cognitive abilities in decisions from experience: Age differences emerge as a function of choice set size.Renato Frey, Rui Mata & Ralph Hertwig - 2015 - Cognition 142 (C):60-80.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  19.  68
    The conjunction fallacy and the many meanings of and.Ralph Hertwig, Björn Benz & Stefan Krauss - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):740-753.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  20.  29
    The reiteration effect in hindsight bias.Ralph Hertwig, Gerd Gigerenzer & Ulrich Hoffrage - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (1):194-202.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  21.  24
    The robust beauty of ordinary information.Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, Lael J. Schooler & Ralph Hertwig - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1259-1266.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  22.  16
    How (in)variant are subjective representations of described and experienced risk and rewards?David Kellen, Thorsten Pachur & Ralph Hertwig - 2016 - Cognition 157 (C):126-138.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  23.  90
    Deception in experiments: Revisiting the arguments in its defense.Ralph Hertwig & Andreas Ortmann - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (1):59 – 92.
    In psychology, deception is commonly used to increase experimental control. Yet, its use has provoked concerns that it raises participants' suspicions, prompts second-guessing of experimenters' true intentions, and ultimately distorts behavior and endangers the control it is meant to achieve. Over time, these concerns regarding the methodological costs of the use of deception have been subjected to empirical analysis. We review the evidence stemming from these studies.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  24.  5
    Why people choose deliberate ignorance in times of societal transformation.Ralph Hertwig & Dagmar Ellerbrock - 2022 - Cognition 229 (C):105247.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  15
    Two distinct exploratory behaviors in decisions from experience: Comment on Gonzalez and Dutt (2011).Thomas T. Hills & Ralph Hertwig - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):888-892.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  26.  11
    Deliberate ignorance: choosing not to know.Ralph Hertwig & Christoph Engel (eds.) - 2021 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
    Psychologists, economists, historians, computer scientists, sociologists, philosophers, and legal scholars discuss when is deliberate ignorance a virtue, and what type of environment does it require.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  24
    Fear shapes information acquisition in decisions from experience.Renato Frey, Ralph Hertwig & Jörg Rieskamp - 2014 - Cognition 132 (1):90-99.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  28.  37
    Exploiting risk–reward structures in decision making under uncertainty.Christina Leuker, Thorsten Pachur, Ralph Hertwig & Timothy J. Pleskac - 2018 - Cognition 175 (C):186-200.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29.  14
    What makes a market transaction morally repugnant?Christina Leuker, Lasare Samartzidis & Ralph Hertwig - 2021 - Cognition 212 (C):104644.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  44
    Abnormality, rationality, and sanity.Ralph Hertwig & Kirsten G. Volz - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (11):547-549.
  31.  21
    Description and experience: How experimental investors learn about booms and busts affects their financial risk taking.Tomás Lejarraga, Jan K. Woike & Ralph Hertwig - 2016 - Cognition 157 (C):365-383.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  14
    A brief history of risk.Ying Li, Thomas Hills & Ralph Hertwig - 2020 - Cognition 203 (C):104344.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33.  65
    Money, lies, and replicability: On the need for empirically grounded experimental practices and interdisciplinary discourse.Ralph Hertwig & Andreas Ortmann - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):433-444.
    This response reinforces the major themes of our target article. The impact of key methodological variables should not be taken for granted. Rather, we suggest grounding experimental practices in empirical evidence. If no evidence is available, decisions about design and implementation ought to be subjected to systematic experimentation. In other words, we argue against empirically blind conventions and against methodological choices based on beliefs, habits, or rituals. Our approach will neither inhibit methodological diversity nor constrain experimental creativity. More likely, it (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  34.  22
    Social nature of eating could explain missing link between food insecurity and childhood obesity.Jutta Mata, Mattea Dallacker & Ralph Hertwig - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  19
    How short- and long-run aspirations impact search and choice in decisions from experience.Dirk U. Wulff, Thomas T. Hills & Ralph Hertwig - 2015 - Cognition 144 (C):29-37.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  15
    Measuring Cognitive Abilities in the Wild: Validating a Population‐Scale Game‐Based Cognitive Assessment.Mads Kock Pedersen, Carlos Mauricio Castaño Díaz, Qian Janice Wang, Mario Alejandro Alba-Marrugo, Ali Amidi, Rajiv V. Basaiawmoit, Carsten Bergenholtz, Morten H. Christiansen, Miroslav Gajdacz, Ralph Hertwig, Byurakn Ishkhanyan, Kim Klyver, Nicolai Ladegaard, Kim Mathiasen, Christine Parsons, Janet Rafner, Anders R. Villadsen, Mikkel Wallentin, Blanka Zana & Jacob F. Sherson - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (6):e13308.
    Rapid individual cognitive phenotyping holds the potential to revolutionize domains as wide‐ranging as personalized learning, employment practices, and precision psychiatry. Going beyond limitations imposed by traditional lab‐based experiments, new efforts have been underway toward greater ecological validity and participant diversity to capture the full range of individual differences in cognitive abilities and behaviors across the general population. Building on this, we developed Skill Lab, a novel game‐based tool that simultaneously assesses a broad suite of cognitive abilities while providing an engaging (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  17
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Author's Response-Money, lies, and replicability: On the need for empirically grounded experimental practices.Ralph Hertwig & Andreas Ortmann - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):433-452.
    This response reinforces the major themes of our target article. The impact of key methodological variables should not be taken for granted. Rather, we suggest grounding experimental practices in empirical evidence. If no evidence is available, decisions about design and implementation ought to be subjected to systematic experimentation. In other words, we argue against empirically blind conventions and against methodological choices based on beliefs, habits, or rituals. Our approach will neither inhibit methodological diversity nor constrain experimental creativity. More likely, it (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  10
    Rivals in the dark: How competition influences search in decisions under uncertainty.Nathaniel D. Phillips, Ralph Hertwig, Yaakov Kareev & Judith Avrahami - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):104-119.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-The questionable utility of cognitive ability in explaining cognitive illusions.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & R. Hertwig - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):678-678.
  40.  21
    Postscript: Rejoinder to Johnson et al. (2008) and Birnbaum (2008).Eduard Brandstätter, Gerd Gigerenzer & Ralph Hertwig - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):289-290.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  73
    Toward an integrative framework of grandparental investment.David A. Coall & Ralph Hertwig - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (1):40-59.
    This response outlines more reasons why we need the integrative framework of grandparental investments and intergenerational transfers that we advocated in the target article. We discusses obstacles that stand in the way of such a framework and of a better understanding of the effects of grandparenting in the developed world. We highlight new research directions that have emerged from the commentaries, and we end by discussing some of the things in our target article about which we may have been wrong.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  11
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Different perspective of human behavior entail different experimental practices.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann & R. Suleiman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):429.
    My main argument is that the advice offered to experimental psychologists by Hertwig & Ortmann overlooks fundamental differences between the goals of researchers in psychology and economics. Furthermore, it is argued that the reduction of data variability is not always an end to be sought by psychologists. Variability that originates in individual differences constitutes valuable data for psychological research.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  8
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Varying the scale of financial incentives under real and hypothetical conditions.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. A. Holt & S. K. Laury - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):417-417.
    The use of high hypothetical payoffs has been justified by the realism and relevance of large monetary consequences and by the impracticality of making high cash payments. We argue that subjects may not be able to imagine how they would behave in high payoff situations.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  7
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Choice output and choice processing: An analogy to similarity.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann & A. B. Markman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):423-423.
    The target article suggests that many practices of experimental economists are preferable to those used by psychologists studying judgment and decision making. The advantages of the psychological approach become clear when the focus of research shifts from choice output to choice processes. I illustrate this point with an example from research on similarity comparisons.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  15
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Behavioral and economic approaches to decision making: A common ground.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, E. Fantino & S. Stolarz-Fantino - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):407-407.
    Experimental psychologists in the learning tradition stress the importance of three of the authors' four key variables of experimental design. We review research investigating the roles played by these variables in studies of choice from our laboratory. Supporting the authors' claims, these studies show that the effects of these variables are not fixed and should not be taken for granted.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46.  9
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Financial incentives do not pave the road to good experimentation.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, T. Betsch & S. Haberstroh - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):404-404.
    Hertwig and Ortmann suggest paying participants contingent upon performance in order to increase the thoroughness they devote to a decision task. We argue that monetary incentives can yield a number of unintended effects including distortions of the subjective representation of the task and impaired performance. Therefore, we conclude that performance-contingent payment should not be generally employed in judgment and decision research.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  6
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Participant skepticism: If you can't beat it, model it.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. R. M. McKenzie & J. T. Wixted - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):424-424.
    For a variety of reasons, including the common use of deception in psychology experiments, participants often disbelieve experimenters' assertions about important task parameters. This can lead researchers to conclude incorrectly that participants are behaving non- normatively. The problem can be overcome by deriving and testing normative models that do not assume full belief in key task parameters. A real experimental example is discussed.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  8
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-We should not impose narrow restrictions on psychological methods.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann & M. Maratsos - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):422-422.
    Hertwig and Ortmann suggest greater standardization of procedures in experimental psychology to help with problems of replicability and consistency of findings. It is argued that, this view is inconsistent with their other interesting proposals, and heterogeneity of method is appropriate in psychology.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  6
    Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Theory-testing experiments in the economics laboratory.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, A. S. Gillies & M. Rigdon - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):410-410.
    Features of experimental design impose auxiliary hypotheses on experimenters. Hertwig & Ortmann rightly argue that the ways some variables are implemented in psychology cloud results, whereas the different implementations in economics provide for more robust results. However, not all design variables support this general conclusion. The repetition of trials may confuse results depending on what theory is being tested. We explore this in the case of simple bargaining games.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  59
    Out of the theoretical cul-de-sac.Ralph Hertwig & Annika Wallin - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):342-343.
    A key premise of the heuristics-and-biases program is that heuristics are “quite useful.” Let us now pay more than lip service to this premise, and analyse the environmental structures that make heuristics more or less useful. Let us also strike from the long list of biases those phenomena that are not biases and explore to what degree those that remain are adaptive or can be understood as by-products of adaptive mechanisms.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 59