Results for 'R. Duncan Campbell'

998 found
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  1.  12
    Genes and Genomes: Genes, Genes and More Genes in the Human Major Histocompatibility Complex.Caroline M. Milner & R. Duncan Campbell - 1992 - Bioessays 14 (8):565-571.
    The human major histocompatibility complex (MHC), on the short arm of chromosome 6, represents one of the most extensively characterised regions of the human genome. This ∼4 Mb segment of DNA contains genes encoding the polymorphic MHC class I and class II molecules which are involved in antigen presentation during an immune response. Recently the whole of the MHC has been cloned in cosmids and/or yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) and large portions have been characterised for the presence of novel genes. (...)
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  2. Neural mechanisms of selective visual attention.R. Desimone & J. Duncan - 1995 - Annual Review of Neuroscience 18 (1):193-222.
  3.  84
    Games and Decisions: Introduction and Critical Survey.R. Duncan Luce & Howard Raiffa - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (1):122-123.
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  4.  35
    A neural timing theory for response times and the psychophysics of intensity.R. Duncan Luce & David M. Green - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (1):14-57.
  5.  25
    On the possible psychophysical laws.R. Duncan Luce - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (2):81-95.
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  6.  16
    A Threshold Theory for Simple Detection Experiments.R. Duncan Luce - 1963 - Psychological Review 70 (1):61-79.
  7.  28
    The derivation of subjective scales from just noticeable differences.R. Duncan Luce & Ward Edwards - 1958 - Psychological Review 65 (4):222-237.
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  8. Discrimination.R. Duncan Luce & Eugene Galanter - 1963 - In D. Luce (ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Psychology. John Wiley & Sons.. pp. 191-243.
     
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  9. Detection and recognition.R. Duncan Luce - 1963 - In D. Luce (ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Psychology. John Wiley & Sons.. pp. 1--103.
     
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  10.  30
    Is There an Element of Immediacy in Knowledge?R. I. Aaron & C. M. Campbell - 1934 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 13 (1):203-236.
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  11. Dimensionally invariant numerical laws correspond to meaningful qualitative relations.R. Duncan Luce - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (1):1-16.
    In formal theories of measurement meaningfulness is usually formulated in terms of numerical statements that are invariant under admissible transformations of the numerical representation. This is equivalent to qualitative relations that are invariant under automorphisms of the measurement structure. This concept of meaningfulness, appropriately generalized, is studied in spaces constructed from a number of conjoint and extensive structures some of which are suitably interrelated by distribution laws. Such spaces model the dimensional structures of classical physics. It is shown that this (...)
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  12.  37
    Lexicographic tradeoff structures.R. Duncan Luce - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (2):187-193.
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  13.  8
    Psychophysical scaling.R. Duncan Luce & Eugene Galanter - 1963 - In D. Luce (ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Psychology. John Wiley & Sons.. pp. 1--245.
  14. The attentional blink does not require selection from among nontargets.R. Ward, J. Duncan & K. Shapiro - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):462-462.
     
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  15.  45
    A "fundamental" axiomatization of multiplicative power among three variables.R. Duncan Luce - 1965 - Philosophy of Science 32 (3/4):301.
    Suppose that entities composed of two independent components are qualitatively ordered by a relation that satisfies the axioms of conjoint measurement. Suppose, in addition, that each component has a concatenation operation that, together either with the ordering induced on the component by the conjoint ordering or with its converse, satisfies the axioms of extensive measurement. Without further assumptions, nothing can be said about the relation between the numerical scales constructed from the two measurement theories except that they are strictly monotonic. (...)
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  16.  12
    A psychophysical theory of intensity proportions, joint presentations, and matches.R. Duncan Luce - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (3):520-532.
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  17.  3
    Thurstone and sensory scaling: Then and now.R. Duncan Luce - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (2):271-277.
  18.  71
    A Qualitative Equivalent to the Relativistic Addition Law for Velocities.R. Duncan Luce - 1976 - Synthese 33 (2/4):483.
  19. Similar systems and dimensionally invariant laws.R. Duncan Luce - 1971 - Philosophy of Science 38 (2):157-169.
    Using H. Whitney's algebra of physical quantities and his definition of a similarity transformation, a family of similar systems (R. L. Causey [3] and [4]) is any maximal collection of subsets of a Cartesian product of dimensions for which every pair of subsets is related by a similarity transformation. We show that such families are characterized by dimensionally invariant laws (in Whitney's sense, [10], not Causey's). Dimensional constants play a crucial role in the formulation of such laws. They are represented (...)
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  20.  58
    On Elements of Chance.R. Duncan Luce & Anthony A. J. Marley - 2000 - Theory and Decision 49 (2):97-126.
    One aspect of the utility of gambling may evidence itself in failures of idempotence, i.e., when all chance outcomes give rise to the same consequence the `gamble' may not be indifferent to its common consequence. Under the assumption of segregation, such gambles can be expressed as the joint receipt of the common consequence and what we call `an element of chance', namely, the same gamble with the common consequence replaced by the status quo. Generalizing, any gamble is indifferent to the (...)
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  21.  35
    Qualitative independence in probability theory.R. Duncan Luce & Louis Narens - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (3):225-239.
  22.  42
    Several possible measures of risk.R. Duncan Luce - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (3):217-228.
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  23.  9
    Are psychophysical scales of intensities the same or different when stimuli vary on other dimensions? Theory with experiments varying loudness and pitch.R. Duncan Luce, Ragnar Steingrimsson & Louis Narens - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1247-1258.
  24.  11
    "On the possible psychophysical laws" revisited: Remarks on cross-modal matching.R. Duncan Luce - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):66-77.
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  25.  6
    Symmetric and Asymmetric Matching of Joint Presentations.R. Duncan Luce - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (2):446-454.
  26.  26
    Decision Making; an Experimental Approach. [REVIEW]R. Duncan Luce - 1959 - Journal of Philosophy 56 (4):173-177.
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  27. Increasing increment generalizations of rank-dependent theories.R. Duncan Luce - 2003 - Theory and Decision 55 (2):87-146.
    Empirical evidence from both utility and psychophysical experiments suggests that people respond quite differently—perhaps discontinuously—to stimulus pairs when one consequence or signal is set to `zero.' Such stimuli are called unitary. The author's earlier theories assumed otherwise. In particular, the key property of segregation relating gambles and joint receipts (or presentations) involves unitary stimuli. Also, the representation of unitary stimuli was assumed to be separable (i.e., multiplicative). The theories developed here do not invoke separability. Four general cases based on two (...)
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  28.  30
    A conceptual, an experimental, and a modeling question about imagery research.R. Duncan Luce - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):559-560.
  29.  6
    A Note on Boolean Matrix Theory.R. Duncan Luce - 1956 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (1):102-103.
  30.  18
    Behavior theory: A contradiction in terms?R. Duncan Luce - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):525-526.
  31.  32
    Conditional expected, extensive utility.R. Duncan Luce - 1972 - Theory and Decision 3 (2):101-106.
  32.  7
    Conjoint Measurement.R. Duncan Luce - 1978 - In A. Hooker, J. J. Leach & E. F. McClennen (eds.), Foundations and Applications of Decision Theory. D. Reidel. pp. 311--336.
  33.  28
    Correction to?several possible measures of risk?R. Duncan Luce - 1981 - Theory and Decision 13 (4):381-381.
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  34.  24
    Fast, frugal, and surprisingly accurate heuristics.R. Duncan Luce - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):757-758.
    A research program is announced, and initial, exciting progress described. Many inference problems, poorly modeled by some traditional approaches, are surprisingly well handled by kinds of simple-minded Bayesian approximations. Fuller Bayesian approaches are typically more accurate but rarely are they either fast or frugal. Open issues include codifying when to use which heuristic and to give detailed evolutionary explanations.
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  35.  83
    Interpersonal comparisons of utility for 2 of 3 types of people.R. Duncan Luce - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):5-24.
    This article argues that there is a natural solution to carry out interpersonal comparisons of utility when the theory of gambles is supplemented with a group operation of joint receipts. If so, three types of people can exist, and the two types having multiplicative representations of joint receipt have, in contrast to most utility theories, absolute scales of utility. This makes possible, at least in principle, meaningful interpersonal comparisons of utility with desirable properties, thus resolving a long standing philosophical problem (...)
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  36.  24
    Let's not promulgate either Fechner's erroneous algorithm or his unidimensional approach.R. Duncan Luce - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):155-156.
  37.  5
    Predictions about bisymmetry and cross-modal matches from global theories of subjective intensities.R. Duncan Luce - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (2):373-387.
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  38.  14
    Physical correlate theory: A question and a prediction.R. Duncan Luce - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):197-198.
  39.  19
    Preference probability between gambles as a step function of event probability.R. Duncan Luce & Elizabeth F. Shipley - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):42.
  40.  90
    Purity, Resistance, and Innocence in Utility Theory.R. Duncan Luce - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (2-3):109-118.
    This note addresses 3 issues that seem to pervade much of economic thought about individual decisions among uncertain alternatives: (1) Restricting primitives to just orderings of first-order gambles and not admitting, e.g., compound acts or joint receipt of consequences and gambles. (2) Great resistance to experimental findings that strongly suggest that most current theories fail descriptively. (3) Taking for granted the innocence of some assumptions when, in fact, they are not innocent, e.g., that constant acts are idempotent. My conclusion is (...)
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  41.  24
    Reliability is neither to be expected nor desired in peer review.R. Duncan Luce - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):399-400.
  42.  13
    "Symmetric and asymmetric matching of joint presentations": Correction to Luce (2004).R. Duncan Luce - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (3):601-601.
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  43.  40
    Power Day: Addressing the Use and Abuse of Power in Medical Training.Nancy R. Angoff, Laura Duncan, Nichole Roxas & Helena Hansen - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (2):203-213.
    Problem: Medical student mistreatment, as well as patient and staff mistreatment by all levels of medical trainees and faculty, is still prevalent in U.S. clinical training. Largely missing in interventions to reduce mistreatment is acknowledgement of the abuse of power produced by the hierarchical structure in which medicine is practiced. Approach: Beginning in 2001, Yale School of Medicine has held annual “Power Day” workshops for third year medical students and advanced practice nursing students, to define and analyse power dynamics within (...)
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  44.  38
    Symposium: Is There an Element of Immediacy in Knowledge?R. I. Aaron & C. M. Campbell - 1934 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 13:203 - 236.
  45. Symposium: Is There an Element of Immediacy in Knowledge?R. I. Aaron & C. M. Campbell - 1934 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 13:203-236.
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  46.  48
    Axiomatic thermodynamics and extensive measurement.Fred S. Roberts & R. Duncan Luce - 1968 - Synthese 18 (4):311 - 326.
  47.  32
    How we may have been misled into believing in the interpersonal comparability of utility.Louis Narens & R. Duncan Luce - 1983 - Theory and Decision 15 (3):247-260.
  48.  17
    The interacting effects of prices and weather on population cycles in a preindustrial community.Susan Scott, S. R. Duncan & C. J. Duncan - 1998 - Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (1):15-32.
    The exogenous cycles and population dynamics of the community at Penrith, Cumbria, England, have been studied (1557-1812) using aggregative analysis, family reconstitution and time series analysis. This community was living under marginal conditions for the first 200 years and the evidence presented is of a homeostatic regime where famine, malnutrition and epidemic disease acted to regulate the balance between resources and population size. This provides an ideal historic population for an investigation of the direct and indirect effects of malnutrition. Throughout (...)
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  49.  27
    Some Experiments on Simple and Choice Reaction Time.Joan Gay Snodgrass, R. Duncan Luce & Eugene Galanter - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):1.
  50.  59
    SOAR as a world view, not a theory.Earl Hunt & R. Duncan Luce - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):447-448.
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