171 found
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  1.  52
    Human Genetic Research: Emerging Trends in Ethics.Ruth Chadwick & Bartha Maria Knoppers - 2005 - .
    Genetic research has moved from Mendelian genetics to sequence maps to the study of natural human genetic variation at the level of the genome. This past decade of discovery has been accompanied by a shift in emphasis towards the ethical principles of reciprocity, mutuality, solidarity, citizenry and universality.
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  2.  9
    The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know: Genetic Privacy and Responsibility.Ruth Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The privacy concerns discussed in the 1990s in relation to the New Genetics failed to anticipate the relevant issues for individuals, families, geneticists and society. Consumers, for example, can now buy their personal genetic information and share it online. The challenges facing genetic privacy have evolved as new biotechnologies have developed, and personal privacy is increasingly challenged by the irrepressible flow of electronic data between the personal and public spheres and by surveillance for terrorism and security risks. This book considers (...)
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  3. The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know.Ruth F. Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume contains essays which cover a range of aspects in the debate over genetic testing. It looks at both the advantages and disadvantages involved in knowing or not knowing whether one is a carrier of certain genetic traits.
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  4.  42
    Solidaroty and Equity : New Ethical Frameworks for Genetic Databases.Ruth Chadwick & Kåre Berg - 2001 - .
    Genetic database initiatives have given rise to considerable debate about their potential harms and benefits. The question arises as to whether existing ethical frameworks are sufficient to mediate between the competing interests at stake. One approach is to strengthen mechanisms for obtaining informed consent and for protecting confidentiality. However, there is increasing interest in other ethical frameworks, involving solidarity — participation in research for the common good — and the sharing of the benefits of research.
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  5.  23
    Classically Conditioned Enhancement of Antibody Production.Peter E. Jenkins, Robin A. Chadwick & John A. Nevin - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (6):485-487.
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  6.  89
    The Market for Bodily Parts: Kant and Duties to Oneself.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1989 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):129-140.
    The demand for bodily parts such as organs is increasing, and individuals in certain circumstances are responding by offering parts of their bodies for sale. Is there anything wrong in this? Kant had arguments to suggest that there is, namely that we have duties towards our own bodies, among which is the duty not to sell parts of them. Kant's reasons for holding this view are examined, and found to depend on a notion of what is intrinsically degrading. Rom Harré's (...)
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  7.  38
    Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics: J-R.Ruth Chadwick (ed.) - 1998 - Elsivier.
    Applied ethics, a subdiscipline of philosophy, lends itself to an encyclopedia format because of the many industries and intellectual fields that it encompasses. The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics is based on twelve major categories, such as Biomedical Ethics and Environmental Ethics. Religious traditions that embody normative beliefs, as well as classical theories of ethics, are explored in a non-judgmental manner. Each of the twelve categories is divided into discrete areas that are covered by 5,000-6,000 word articles. Each of the 281 (...)
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  8.  12
    COVID‐19 and the Possibility of Solidarity.Ruth Chadwick - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (7):637-637.
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  9.  49
    What Counts as Success in Genetic Counselling?R. F. Chadwick - 1993 - Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):43-49.
    The question of what counts as a successful outcome of the process of genetics counselling has recently become central because of the increasing calls for efficiency in health care, and for means of measuring efficiency. Angus Clarke has drawn attention to this trend, and has argued against both a measure in terms of the number of terminations of pregnancy performed as a result of counselling, and an assessment in terms of the contribution of genetics counselling to a national eugenics policy. (...)
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  10.  89
    The Communitarian Turn: Myth or Reality?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):546-553.
    This quotation from the London Review of Books is an example of a turn—a different way of looking at things that involves a redefinition of the kind of thing higher education is and how it should be provided. It is a turn away from a public good perspective—the opposite, it might be said, of the kind of turn addressed in this article.
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  11.  32
    Which Enhancement? What Kind of Obsolescence?Ruth Chadwick - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):20-22.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 20-22.
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  12.  58
    The Ethics of Nonmedical Sex Selection.H. Strange & R. Chadwick - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (3):252-266.
    The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that there are significant ethical problems with nonmedical sex selection, and that prohibitive legislation is justified. The central argument put forward is that nonmedical sex selection is a sexist practice which promotes socially restrictive conceptions of sex, gender and family. Several steps are taken to justify this position: background information on technology and legislation is provided, the neoliberal position that is supportive of nonmedical sex selection is described, and preliminary reasons for rejecting (...)
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  13.  40
    Genomic Databases as Global Public Goods?Ruth Chadwick & Sarah Wilson - 2004 - Res Publica 10 (2):123-134.
    Recent discussions of genomics and international justice have adopted the concept of ‘global public goods’ to support both the view of genomics as a benefit and the sharing of genomics knowledge across nations. Such discussion relies on a particular interpretation of the global public goods argument, facilitated by the ambiguity of the concept itself. Our aim in this article is to demonstrate this by a close examination of the concept of global public goods with particular reference to its use in (...)
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  14.  67
    Playing God.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1989 - Cogito 3 (3):186-193.
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  15.  46
    Beware! Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis May Solve Some Old Problems but It Also Raises New Ones.H. Draper & R. Chadwick - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (2):114-120.
    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PIGD) goes some way to meeting the clinical, psychological and ethical problems of antenatal testing. We should guard, however, against the assumption that PIGD is the answer to all our problems. It also presents some new problems and leaves some old problems untouched. This paper will provide an overview of how PIGD meets some of the old problems but will concentrate on two new challenges for ethics (and, indeed, law). First we look at whether we should always (...)
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  16.  72
    The Ethics of Screening: Is 'Screeningitis' an Incurable Disease?D. Shickle & R. Chadwick - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):12-18.
    Screening programmes are becoming increasingly popular since prevention is considered 'better than cure'. While earlier diagnosis may result in more effective treatment for some, there will be consequent harm for others due to anxiety, stigma, side-effects etc. A screening test cannot guarantee the detection of all 'abnormal' cases, therefore there will be false reassurance for some. A proper consideration of the potential benefit and harm arising from screening may lead to the conclusion that the programme should not be offered. A (...)
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  17.  25
    The Organs Crisis and the Spanish Model: Theoretical Versus Pragmatic Considerations.M. Quigley, M. Brazier, R. Chadwick, M. N. Michel & D. Paredes - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):223-224.
    In the United Kingdom, the debate about how best to meet the shortfall of organs for transplantation has persisted on and off for many years. It is often presumed that the answer is simply to alter the law to a system of presumed consent. Acting perhaps on that presumption in his annual report launched in July, the Chief Medical Officer, Sir Liam Donaldson, advocated a system of organ donation based on presumed consent, the so-called “opt-out” system.1 He is calling for (...)
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  18. Encyclopedia of Allpied Ethics, 2nd Ed.Ruth Chadwick (ed.) - 2012 - Academic Press.
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  19.  30
    Cloning.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201 - 209.
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  20. The Right Not to Know: A Challenge for Accurate Self-Assessment.Ruth F. Chadwick - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):299-301.
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  21.  61
    Genetic Screening and Ethics: European Perspectives.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Jfrgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):255 – 273.
    Analysis and comparison of genetic screening programs shows that the extent of development of programs varies widely across Europe. Regional variations are due not only to genetic disease patterns but also reflect the novelty of genetic services. In most countries, the focus for genetic screening programs has been pregnant women and newborn children. Newborn children are screened only for disorders which are treatable. Prenatal screening when provided is for conditions for which termination may be offered. The only population screening programs (...)
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  22. Responsibilities for Healthcare - Kantian Reflections.Garrath Williams & Ruth Chadwick - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):155-165.
    This paper explores some ways in which Immanuel Kant’s ethical theory can be brought to bear on professional and health care ethics. Health care professionals are not mere individuals acting upon their own ends. Rather, their principles of action must be defined in terms of participation in a cooperative endeavor. This generates complex questions as to how well their roles mesh with one another and whether they comprise a well-formed collective agent. We argue that Kant’s ethics therefore, and perhaps surprisingly, (...)
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  23.  48
    Novel, Natural, Nutritious: Towards a Philosophy of Food.Ruth Chadwick - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):193–208.
    The possibilities of genetic engineering, particularly as applied to human beings, have provoked considerable debate for over two decades, but more recently the focus of public concern, at least, has turned to genetically modified (GM) food. Food has occasionally caught the attention of philosophers (Telfer, 1996) and bioethicists (Mepham, 1996) but is now ripe for further attention in the light of the implications of GM for policy in health, economics and politics. Macer has identified opposing reactions to novel foods—to prefer (...)
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  24.  67
    How the Role of Computing is Driving New Genetics Public Policy.Antonio Marturano & Ruth Chadwick - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (1):43-53.
    In this paper we will examine some ethical aspects of the role that computers and computing increasingly play in new genetics. Our claim is that there is no new genetics without computer science. Computer science is important for the new genetics on two levels: from a theoretical perspective, and from the point of view of geneticists practice. With respect to , the new genetics is fully impregnate with concepts that are basic for computer science. Regarding , recent developments in the (...)
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  25.  51
    Cloning: Ruth F. Chadwick.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):201-209.
    Every body cell of an animal or human being contains the same complete set of genes. In theory any of these cells can be used to start a new embryo. The technique has been employed in the case of frogs. The nucleus is taken out of a body cell of a frog and implanted in an enucleated frog's egg. The resulting egg cell is stimulated to develop into a normal frog, and will be an exact copy of that frog which (...)
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  26.  39
    From ELSA to Responsible Research and Promisomics.Hub Zwart & Ruth Chadwick - 2013 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (1):1-3.
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  27.  19
    Anne Donchin.Ruth Chadwick & Udo Schuklenk - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (9):ii-ii.
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  28.  24
    The Icelandic Database : Do Modern Times Need Modern Sagas?Ruth Chadwick - unknown
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  29.  95
    Professional Ethics and the 'Good' of Science.Ruth Chadwick - 2005 - .
    Proposals for an ethical code for scientists raise questions about the usefulness of the framework of professional ethics for debating relevant issues surrounding ethics and science. Is science a profession and if so should its professional ethic be self-derived or subject to external input? What needs to be addressed is the nature of the 'good' that science promotes. Explanations of science as a public good in terms of knowledge and diversity are possibilities, but science's answer to the basic philosophical question (...)
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  30. Response to Ruud ter Meulen.Ruth Chadwick - 2015 - Diametros 43:21-27.
    In addition to thinking about the meanings of solidarity, it is important to address how solidarity of the appropriate sort can be cultivated. Possibilities include the transformative power of key individuals or events; and the role of institutions. In health care it is suggested that a combination of the two strategies is required. Professional conduct includes not only acting in 'face to face' delivery, but also engaging with those institutions which enable or disable certain ways of acting, so that they (...)
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  31.  10
    Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth F. Chadwick (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy. The common concern of the authors is to promote ethical conduct in the practice of journalism, as well as the quality of the information that readers and audience receive from the media.
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  32. Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth Chadwick (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy.
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  33.  55
    Personal Genomes: No Bad News?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (2):62-65.
    Issues in genetics and genomics have been centre stage in Bioethics for much of its history, and have given rise to both negative and positive imagined futures. Ten years after the completion of the Human Genome Project, it is a good time to assess developments. The promise of whole genome sequencing of individuals requires reflection on personalization, genetic determinism, and privacy.
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  34.  11
    What’s in a Name: Conceptions of Personalized Medicine and Their Ethical Implications.Ruth Chadwick - 2017 - Lato Sensu, Revue de la Société de Philosophie des Sciences 4 (2):5-11.
    Medicine is said to be moving rapidly down the road towards personalization, but it is not entirely clear how we are to understand this term, or its implications for ethics. In understanding the concept of personalized medicine there are multiple possible interpretations of ‘personalization’ at stake. These may in turn presuppose different concepts of ‘person’, with resulting variations in the ethical implications.
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  35.  52
    Genetic Screening: A Comparative Analysis of Three Recent Reports.R. Hoedemaekers, H. ten Have & R. Chadwick - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):135-141.
    Three recent reports on genetic screening published in the United Kingdom, Denmark and the Netherlands are discussed. Comparison of the Dutch report with the Danish and the Nuffield reports reveals that the Dutch report focuses on the aim of enlarging the scope for action, emphasising protection of autonomy and self-determination of the screenee more than the other two reports. The three reports have in common that the main concern is with concrete issue such as stigmatisation, discrimination, protection of the private (...)
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  36.  10
    Ways of Showing Respect for Life.Ruth Chadwick - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (7):494-494.
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  37.  11
    X-Novel, Natural, Nutritious: Towards a Philosophy of Food.Ruth Chadwick - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):193-208.
    The possibilities of genetic engineering, particularly as applied to human beings, have provoked considerable debate for over two decades, but more recently the focus of public concern, at least, has turned to genetically modified food. Food has occasionally caught the attention of philosophers and bioethicists but is now ripe for further attention in the light of the implications of GM for policy in health, economics and politics. Macer has identified opposing reactions to novel foods—to prefer to eat down the food (...)
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  38.  13
    Professional Ethics.R. Chadwick - unknown
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  39.  37
    Kant, Thought Insertion, and Mental Unity.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (2):105-113.
  40.  41
    Professional Ethics and Labor Disputes: Medicine and Nursing in the United Kingdom.Ruth Chadwick & Alison Thompson - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):483-497.
    The term “industrial action” includes any noncooperation with management, such as strict “working to rule,” refusal of certain duties, going slow, and ultimately withdrawal of labor. The latter form of action, striking, has posed particular problems for professional ethics, especially in those professions that provide healthcare, because of the potential impact on patients' well-being. Examination of the issues, however, displays a difference in response between the healthcare professions, in particular between doctors and nurses. In considering the ethics of industrial (especially (...)
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  41.  17
    The Ethics Weathervane.Bartha Maria Knoppers & Ruth Chadwick - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-5.
    BackgroundGlobal collaboration in genomic research is increasingly both a scientific reality and an ethical imperative. This past decade has witnessed the emergence of six new, interconnected areas of ethical consensus and emphasis for policy in genomics: governance, security, empowerment, transparency, the right not to know, and globalization.DiscussionThe globalization of genomic research warrants an approach to governance policies grounded in human rights.SummaryA human rights approach activates the ethical principles underpinning genomic research. It lends force to the right of all citizens to (...)
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  42.  11
    Freedom and Responsibility in the COVID Debate.Ruth Chadwick - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (7):607-607.
    Bioethics, Volume 35, Issue 7, Page 607-607, September 2021.
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  43.  12
    Gender And The Human Genome.R. Chadwick - 2009 - Mens Sana Monographs 7 (1):10.
    _Gender issues arise in relation to the human genome across a number of dimensions: the level of attention given to the nuclear genome as opposed to the mitochondrial; the level of basic scientific research; decision-making in the clinic related to both reproductive decision-making on the one hand, and diagnostic and predictive testing on the other; and wider societal implications. Feminist bioethics offers a useful perspective for addressing these issues._.
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  44.  88
    Genetic Technology: A Threat to Deafness. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick & Mairi Levitt - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (3):209-215.
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  45.  16
    Ethical Issues in Journalism and the Media.Andrew Belsey & Ruth F. Chadwick (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    This book examines the ethical concepts which lie at the heart of journalism, including freedom, democracy, truth, objectivity, honesty and privacy. The common concern of the authors is to promote ethical conduct in the practice of journalism, as well as the quality of the information that readers and audience receive from the media.
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  46. Ethics and Nursing Practice: A Case Study Approach.Ruth F. Chadwick - 1992 - Macmillan.
    Looks at ethical procedure in the choices and decisions made by nurses with regard to such questions as obeying doctors, covering up of a colleague's mistakes, recent developments in foetal surgery and whether the nurse's advocate role is tenable in practice. These questions are taken from the personal case studies recounted by 450 nurses in Britain and North America. The issues are to be found in many hospital situations and are faced in day-to-day practice by student and qualified nurses. A (...)
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  47.  23
    Ethics, Reproduction, and Genetic Control.Ruth F. Chadwick (ed.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    In this revised edition with a new preface from the editor, leading scientists explain the nature and goals of `test tube' reproduction and genetic engineering, and their eugenic implications. In contrast to the Warnock report, the extended commentary considers the issues in the context of a social ethic rather than the individualist viewpoint.
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  48.  11
    Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control.The Vatican, the Law and the Human Embryo.G. E. M. Anscombe, Ruth Chadwick & Michael Coughlan - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):126.
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  49.  83
    Enhancements: Improvements for Whom?Ruth Chadwick - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (4).
  50.  19
    The Sage Handbook of Health Care Ethics: Core and Emerging Issues.Ruth F. Chadwick, H. ten Have & Eric Mark Meslin (eds.) - 2011 - Sage Publications.
    This authoritative Handbook brings together experts with backgrounds in philosophy, sociology, law, public policy and the health professions and reflects the increasing impact of globalization and the dynamic advances in the fields of ...
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