Results for 'R. A.-M.'

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  1.  30
    Moral Tales: R. A. Sharpe.R. A. Sharpe - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (260):155-168.
    In the 11th chapter of the second book of Samuel, we read how King David saw Bathsheba in the evening: ‘v.2. And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.’.
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  2.  15
    Attempted Homicide: R. A. Duff.R. A. Duff - 1995 - Legal Theory 1 (2):149-178.
    Criminal attempts, it is often said, are crimes of intention. While many complete crimes can be committed recklessly, criminal attempts require “purposive conduct”; in attempts “the intent is the essence of the crime.” But what kind of intention is required; what must be intended, or purposed, by someone who is to be guilty of a criminal attempt?
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  3.  25
    Aristotle and Plotinus on Memory.R. A. H. King - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Two treatises on memory which have come down to us from antiquity are Aristotle’s “On memory and recollection” and Plotinus’ “On perception and memory” ; the latter also wrote at length about memory in his “Problems connected with the soul”. In both authors memory is treated as a ‘modest’ faculty: both authors assume the existence of a persistent subject to whom memory belongs; and basic cognitive capacities are assumed on which memory depends. In particular, both theories use phantasia to explain (...)
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  4.  23
    R. A. BILLINGTON with the Collaboration of C. P. HILL, A. J. JOHNSTONE II, and C. F. MULLETT, "The Historian's Contribution to Anglo-American Misunderstanding. Report of a Committee on National Bias in Anglo-American History Textbooks". [REVIEW]T. H. von Laue, E. H. Dance, R. A. Billington, C. P. Hill, A. J. Johnstone Ii, C. L. Mowat & C. F. Mullett - 1967 - History and Theory 6 (2):219.
  5.  25
    Integrity and Rights to Gender-Affirming Healthcare.R. A. Rowland - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Gender-Affirming healthcare (GAH) interventions are medical or surgical interventions that aim to allow trans and non-binary people to better affirm their gender identity. It has been argued that rights to GAH must be grounded in either a right to be cured of or mitigate an illness—gender dysphoria—or in harm-prevention, given the high rates of depression and suicide amongst trans and non-binary people. However, these grounds of a right to GAH conflict with the prevalent view amongst theorists, institutions, and activists that (...)
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  6. Towards a Modest Legal Moralism.R. A. Duff - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):217-235.
    After distinguishing different species of Legal Moralism I outline and defend a modest, positive Legal Moralism, according to which we have good reason to criminalize some type of conduct if it constitutes a public wrong. Some of the central elements of the argument will be: the need to remember that the criminal law is a political, not a moral practice, and therefore that in asking what kinds of conduct we have good reason to criminalize, we must begin not with the (...)
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  7.  4
    Defining Crimes: Essays on the Special Part of the Criminal Law.R. A. Duff & Stuart Green (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This collection of original essays, by some of the best known contemporary criminal law theorists, tackles a range of issues about the criminal law's 'special part' - the part of the criminal law that defines specific offences. One of its aims is to show the importance, for theory as well as for practice, of focusing on the special part as well as on the general part which usually receives much more theoretical attention. Some of the issues covered concern the proper (...)
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  8. Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy [by] A.H. Armstrong and R.A. Markus.A. H. Armstrong & R. A. Markus - 1960 - Darton, Longman & Todd.
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  9.  63
    Obesity: Towards a System of Libertarian Paternalistic Public Health Interventions.R. A. Skipper - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):181-191.
    This article draws on scientific explanations of obesity to motivate the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into the obesity epidemic. Libertarian paternalists argue that paternalism is warranted in light of the cognitive limits of human decision-making abilities. There are further, specific biological limits on our capacity to choose and maintain a healthy diet. These biological facts strengthen the general motivation for libertarian paternalism. As a consequence, the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into (...)
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  10.  15
    A Realist Theory of Science.R. A. Sharpe - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):284-285.
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  11.  4
    Philosophical Foundations of Criminal Law.R. A. Duff & Stuart Green (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press UK.
    25 leading contemporary theorists of criminal law tackle a range of foundational issues about the proper aims and structure of the criminal law in a liberal democracy. The challenges facing criminal law are many. There are crises of over-criminalization and over-imprisonment; penal policy has become so politicized that it is difficult to find any clear consensus on what aims the criminal law can properly serve; governments seeking to protect their citizens in the face of a range of perceived threats have (...)
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  12.  11
    The Greek and Latin Literary Texts From Greco-Roman Egypt. By R. A. Pack. Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 1952 . Pp. Ix + 105. 28s. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees & R. A. Pack - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:205-206.
  13. The Persistence of the R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy.Robert A. Skipper - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):341-367.
    This paper considers recent heated debates led by Jerry A. Coyne andMichael J. Wade on issues stemming from the 1929–1962 R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wrightcontroversy in population genetics. William B. Provine once remarked that theFisher-Wright controversy is central, fundamental, and very influential.Indeed,it is also persistent. The argumentative structure of therecent (1997–2000) debates is analyzed with the aim of eliminating a logicalconflict in them, viz., that the two sides in the debates havedifferent aims and that, as such, they are talking past each other. (...)
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  14. An Accuracy‐Dominance Argument for Conditionalization.R. A. Briggs & Richard Pettigrew - 2020 - Noûs 54 (1):162-181.
  15. MACMILLAN, R. A. C. - The Crowning Phase of the Critical Philosophy: A Study in Kant's Critique of Judgement. [REVIEW]R. F. A. Hoernlé - 1914 - Mind 23:597.
     
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  16.  16
    WHITE, A. R.: "Modal Thinking".R. A. Girle - 1978 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 56:72.
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  17.  8
    Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 1, Ch. Xxvii. Immigrants From the North. By R. A. Crossland. Cambridge: The University Press. 1967. Pp. 61. 6s. [REVIEW]James Mellaart & R. A. Crossland - 1969 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 89:172-173.
  18. Variation in Working Memory.Andrew R. A. Conway, Michael J. Kane, Akira Miyake & John N. Towse (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Working memory--the ability to keep important information in mind while comprehending, thinking, and acting--varies considerably from person to person and changes dramatically during each person's life. Understanding such individual and developmental differences is crucial because working memory is a major contributor to general intellectual functioning. This volume offers a state-of-the-art, integrative, and comprehensive approach to understanding variation in working memory by presenting explicit, detailed comparisons of the leading theories. It incorporates views from the different research groups that operate on each (...)
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  19.  13
    Congress. Bronze Age Migrations in the Aegean: Archaeological and Linguistic Problems in Greek Prehistory: Proceedings of the Ist International Colloquium on Aegean Prehistory. Ed. R. A. Crossland and A. Birchall. London: Duckworth. 1973. Pp. Xxvi + 361. Plates 34 . 35 Text Figs. 6 Maps . £12·50. [REVIEW]G. Huxley, Congress, R. A. Crossland & A. Birchall - 1975 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 95:256-257.
  20.  16
    A Nonlow2 R. E. Degree with the Extension of Embeddings Properties of a Low2 Degree.Y. Yang & R. A. Shore - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (1):131-146.
    We construct a nonlow2 r.e. degree d such that every positive extension of embeddings property that holds below every low2 degree holds below d. Indeed, we can also guarantee the converse so that there is a low r.e. degree c such that that the extension of embeddings properties true below c are exactly the ones true belowd.Moreover, we can also guarantee that no b ≤ d is the base of a nonsplitting pair.
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  21.  2
    Philosophy and the Criminal Law: Principle and Critique.R. A. Duff - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Five pre-eminent legal theorists tackle a range of fundamental questions on the nature of the philosophy of criminal law. Their essays explore the extent to which and the ways in which our systems of criminal law can be seen as rational and principled. The essays discuss some of the principles by which, it is often thought, a system of law should be structured, and they ask whether our own systems are genuinely principled or riven by basic contradictions, reflecting deeper political (...)
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  22.  5
    Çanakkale Savaşı'nda Yahudi Katır Birliği.A. Murat Ağdemi̇r - 2015 - Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (Volume 10 Issue 1):47-47.
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  23. Towards a Theory of Criminal Law?R. A. Duff - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):1-28.
    After an initial discussion (§i) of what a theory of criminal law might amount to, I sketch (§ii) the proper aims of a liberal, republican criminal law, and discuss (§§iii–iv) two central features of such a criminal law: that it deals with public wrongs, and provides for those who perpetrate such wrongs to be called to public account. §v explains why a liberal republic should maintain such a system of criminal law, and §vi tackles the issue of criminalization—of how we (...)
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  24.  4
    Making the Human Mind.R. A. Sharpe (ed.) - 1990 - Routledge.
    "Making the Human Mind" is an attack on the widespread assumption that the mind has parts and that it is the interaction between these parts which accounts for some of the most characteristic human behaviour, the sorts of irrational behaviour displayed in self-deception and weakness of will. The implications of this attack are considerable: Professor Sharpe contests a realism about the mind, the belief that there is an inventory which an all-seeing deity could compile and which could contain answers to (...)
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  25. Philosophy of Music: An Introduction.R. A. Sharpe - 2004 - Routledge.
    This lively and lucid introduction to the philosophy of music concentrates on the issues that illuminate musical listening and practice. It examines the conceptual debates relevant to the understanding and performing of music and grounds the philosophy to practical matters throughout. Ideal for a beginning readership with little philosophical background, the author provides an overview of the central debates enlivened by a real sense of enthusiasm for the subject and why it matters. The book begins by filling in the historical (...)
     
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  26. Punishment, Communication, and Community.R. A. Duff - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    Part of the Studies in Crime and Public Policy series, this book, written by one of the top philosophers of punishment, examines the main trends in penal theorizing over the past three decades. Duff asks what can justify criminal punishment, and then explores the legitimacy of actual practices by examining what would count as adequate justification for them. Duff argues that a "communicative conception of punishment," which he presents as a third way between consequentialist and retributive theories, offers the most (...)
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  27. R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin of Genotype–Environment Interaction.James Tabery - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717-761.
    This essay examines the origin of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\], and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \]. R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the main problems in (...)
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  28. SEMON, R. -The Mneme. [REVIEW]A. D. R. A. D. R. - 1922 - Mind 31:233.
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  29.  19
    A Modal Extension of Intuitionist Logic.R. A. Bull - 1965 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (2):142-146.
  30. ACT-R: A Higher-Level Account of Processing Capacity.John R. Anderson, Christian Lebiere, Marsha Lovett & Lynne Reder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):831-832.
    We present an account of processing capacity in the ACT-R theory. At the symbolic level, the number of chunks in the current goal provides a measure of relational complexity. At the subsymbolic level, limits on spreading activation, measured by the attentional parameter W, provide a theory of processing capacity, which has been applied to performance, learning, and individual differences data.
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  31.  56
    Excuses, Moral and Legal: A Comment on Marcia Baron’s ‘Excuses, Excuses’.R. A. Duff - 2007 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):49-55.
    Marcia Baron has offered an illuminating and fruitful discussion of extra-legal excuses. What is particularly useful, and particularly important, is her focus on our excusatory practices—on the ways and contexts in which we make, offer, accept, bestow and reject excuses: if we are to reach an adequate understanding of excuses, their implications and their grounds, we must attend to the roles that they can play in our human activities and relationships—and to the complexities and particularities of those roles. However, I (...)
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  32.  4
    A General Interpreted Modal Calculus.R. A. Bull - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):352-352.
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  33.  49
    The Very Idea of a Folk Psychology.R. A. Sharpe - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (December):381-93.
    Three arguments are proposed against the idea that ordinary talk about the mind constitutes a folk psychology, a sort of prescientific theory which explains human behaviour and which is ripe for replacement by a neurological or computational theory with better scientific credentials. First, not all talk of the mind is introduced to explain in the way assumed by those who think that mental talk hypothesizes inner processes to explain behaviour. Second, the individuation of the behaviour which is explained by the (...)
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  34.  47
    Aristote: L'Éthique À Nicomaque.R. A. Gauthier & J. Y. Jolif - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 11 (45):366-372.
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  35. Enthusiasm, A Chapter in the History of Religion.R. A. Knox - 1951 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 13 (1):138-139.
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  36. Blame, Moral Standing and the Legitimacy of the Criminal Trial.R. A. Duff - 2010 - Ratio 23 (2):123-140.
    I begin by discussing the ways in which a would-be blamer's own prior conduct towards the person he seeks to blame can undermine his standing to blame her. This provides the basis for an examination of a particular kind of 'bar to trial' in the criminal law – of ways in which a state or a polity's right to put a defendant on trial can be undermined by the prior misconduct of the state or its officials. The examination of this (...)
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  37. Punishment, Communication, and Community.R. A. Duff - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):310-313.
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  38.  18
    Georg Simmel 1858-1918. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (4):705-705.
    This is an able book of essays, written by well-qualified scholars, about an unjustly neglected nineteenth century German philosopher. He is known in this country primarily as the founder of "formal sociology," but much of what he has to say belongs with equal propriety to the philosophy of culture. The aim of the volume is to rehabilitate Simmel's reputation, which suffered much among sociologists from attacks by Abel and Sorokin. The volume also contains about 100 pages of Simmel's own essays (...)
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  39.  29
    Catalogue of the Terracottas in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum. Vol. I, Greek: 730–330 B.C. Text and Plates. By R. A. Higgins. Pp. Viii + 432, with 208 Plates. London: British Museum, 1954. £15 15s. [REVIEW]T. B. L. Webster & R. A. Higgins - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:184-184.
  40.  25
    Does Christianity Make a Difference?R. A. McCormick - 1995 - Christian Bioethics 1 (1):97-101.
    The human person makes great demands on the physician and calls for unique attention. Hence the doctor-patient relationship calls for the highest ideals of kindness, patience, trustworthiness, generosity and skill. The Catholic physician brings to these demands a specific meaning: ministering to the sick is to see Christ in them and to show Him to them.
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  41.  37
    Bioethics Consultation Practices and Procedures: A Survey of a Large Canadian Community of Practice.R. A. Greenberg, K. W. Anstey, R. Macri, A. Heesters, S. Bean & R. Zlotnik Shaul - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (2):135-146.
    The literature fails to reflect general agreement over the nature of the services and procedures provided by bioethicists, and the training and core competencies this work requires. If bioethicists are to define their activities in a consistent way, it makes sense to look for common ground in shared communities of practice. We report results of a survey of the services and procedures among bioethicists affiliated with the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB). This is the largest group of (...)
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  42.  21
    A Manual of Intensional Logic.R. A. Bull & Johan van Benthem - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (4):1489.
  43.  4
    Moral Dilemmas.R. A. Duff - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 39 (155):240-242.
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  44.  6
    Modal Logic and Classical Logic.R. A. Bull - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):557-558.
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  45.  13
    Socrates, Ironist and Moral Philosopher.R. A. McNeal - 1994 - History and Theory 33 (3):382.
  46. Alan R. White, Grounds of Liability: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law Reviewed By.R. A. Duff - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (6):316-318.
     
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  47. BHASKAR, R. "A Realist Theory of Science". [REVIEW]R. Harré - 1976 - Mind 85:627.
     
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  48. DAVIES, R.-Descartes.R. A. Watson - 2003 - Philosophical Books 44 (2):163-163.
     
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  49.  3
    Decision Making: An Experimental Approach. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (2):355-355.
    A revised and expanded version of studies by McKinsey, Winet and the authors, in axiomatic theories of value, together with a report of experiments designed to test the formal theories. This volume makes an important contribution to the theoretical and experimental investigation of values and decision-making, both of which subjects are still in their infancy. Experimental studies by Mosteller and Nogee and theoretical discussions of von Neumann and Morgenstern are criticized and improved. Ch. IV contains original suggestions for a theory (...)
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  50.  83
    Fittingness: A User’s Guide.Chris Howard & R. A. Rowland - forthcoming - In Chris Howard & R. A. Rowland (eds.), Fittingness. Oxford University Press.
    The chapter introduces and characterizes the notion of fittingness. It charts the history of the relation and its relevance to contemporary debates in normative and metanormative philosophy and proceeds to survey issues to do with fittingness covered in the volume’s chapters, including the nature and epistemology of fittingness, the relations between fittingness and reasons, the normativity of fittingness, fittingness and value theory, and the role of fittingness in theorizing about responsibility. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of issues to (...)
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