Results for 'R. A. Gatter'

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  1.  24
    From Futility to Triage.R. A. Gatter & J. C. Moskop - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):191-205.
    Basic disagreements about what makes human life valuable hinder use of the concept of futility to decide whether it is appropriate to continue life support for one in a permanent state of unconsciousness, or to provide intensive medical care to one in the last stages of a terminal illness (the “paradigm cases”). Triage planning (the process of establishing criteria for health care prioritization) is an attractive alternative framework for addressing the paradigm cases. Triage planning permits society to see the cases (...)
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  2.  24
    Self-Regulation of Science: What Can We Still Learn from Asilomar?Carole R. Baskin, Robert A. Gatter, Mark J. Campbell, James M. Dubois & Allison C. Waits - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (3):364-381.
    Ethical decision-making in public health rarely involves simply avoiding a bad choice in favor of a good choice. Instead, it requires policymakers to strike a balance among conflicting goals that are all good—goals such as the health of populations and individuals, knowledge gained through scientific research, autonomy, social justice, and the efficient use of limited resources. This balance can be elusive, and perfect examples are the legal instruments governing dual-use research, a term describing scientific endeavors meant to produce beneficial knowledge (...)
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  3.  15
    Attempted Homicide: R. A. Duff.R. A. Duff - 1995 - Legal Theory 1 (2):149-178.
    Criminal attempts, it is often said, are crimes of intention. While many complete crimes can be committed recklessly, criminal attempts require “purposive conduct”; in attempts “the intent is the essence of the crime.” But what kind of intention is required; what must be intended, or purposed, by someone who is to be guilty of a criminal attempt?
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  4. MACMILLAN, R. A. C. - The Crowning Phase of the Critical Philosophy: a Study in Kant's Critique of Judgement. [REVIEW]R. F. A. Hoernlé - 1914 - Mind 23:597.
     
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  5.  17
    WHITE, A. R.: "Modal Thinking".R. A. Girle - 1978 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 56:72.
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  6. Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy [by] A.H. Armstrong and R.A. Markus.A. H. Armstrong & R. A. Markus - 1960 - Darton, Longman & Todd.
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  7.  17
    M. R. Haight, "A Study of Self-Deception".D. W. R. A. Hamlyn - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (127):184.
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  8.  18
    A nonlow2 R. E. Degree with the Extension of Embeddings Properties of a low2 Degree.Y. Yang & R. A. Shore - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (1):131-146.
    We construct a nonlow2 r.e. degree d such that every positive extension of embeddings property that holds below every low2 degree holds below d. Indeed, we can also guarantee the converse so that there is a low r.e. degree c such that that the extension of embeddings properties true below c are exactly the ones true belowd.Moreover, we can also guarantee that no b ≤ d is the base of a nonsplitting pair.
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  9. Towards a Modest Legal Moralism.R. A. Duff - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):217-235.
    After distinguishing different species of Legal Moralism I outline and defend a modest, positive Legal Moralism, according to which we have good reason to criminalize some type of conduct if it constitutes a public wrong. Some of the central elements of the argument will be: the need to remember that the criminal law is a political, not a moral practice, and therefore that in asking what kinds of conduct we have good reason to criminalize, we must begin not with the (...)
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  10.  16
    A Realist Theory of Science.R. A. Sharpe - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):284-285.
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  11.  5
    Çanakkale Savaşı'nda Yahudi Katır Birliği.A. Murat Ağdemi̇r - 2015 - Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (Volume 10 Issue 1):47-47.
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  12. Augustine; a Collection of Critical Essays.R. A. Markus - 1972 - Garden City, N.Y., Anchor Books.
    Introduction, by R. A. Markus.--St. Augustine and Christian Platonism, by A. H. Armstrong.--Action and contemplation, by F. R. J. O'Connell.--St. Augustine on signs, by R. A. Markus.--The theory of signs in St. Augustine's De doctrina Christiana, by B. D. Jackson.--Si fallor, sum, by G. B. Matthews.--Augustine on speaking from memory, by G. B. Matthews.--The inner man, by G. B. Matthews.--On Augustine's concept of a person, by A. C. Lloyd.--Augustine on foreknowledge and free will, by W. L. Rowe.--Augustine on free will (...)
     
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  13. Towards a theory of criminal law?R. A. Duff - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):1-28.
    After an initial discussion (§i) of what a theory of criminal law might amount to, I sketch (§ii) the proper aims of a liberal, republican criminal law, and discuss (§§iii–iv) two central features of such a criminal law: that it deals with public wrongs, and provides for those who perpetrate such wrongs to be called to public account. §v explains why a liberal republic should maintain such a system of criminal law, and §vi tackles the issue of criminalization—of how we (...)
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  14. WENLEY, R. M., Kant and His Philosophical Revolution. [REVIEW]R. A. C. Macmillan - 1911 - Mind 20:584.
  15. ACT-R: A higher-level account of processing capacity.John R. Anderson, Christian Lebiere, Marsha Lovett & Lynne Reder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):831-832.
    We present an account of processing capacity in the ACT-R theory. At the symbolic level, the number of chunks in the current goal provides a measure of relational complexity. At the subsymbolic level, limits on spreading activation, measured by the attentional parameter W, provide a theory of processing capacity, which has been applied to performance, learning, and individual differences data.
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  16.  6
    A General Interpreted Modal Calculus.R. A. Bull - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):352-352.
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  17. R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin of Genotype–Environment Interaction.James Tabery - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717-761.
    This essay examines the origin of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\], and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \]. R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the main problems in (...)
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  18. DAVIES, R.-Descartes.R. A. Watson - 2003 - Philosophical Books 44 (2):163-163.
     
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  19. Alan R. White, Grounds of Liability: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law Reviewed by.R. A. Duff - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (6):316-318.
     
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  20. BHASKAR, R. "A Realist Theory of Science". [REVIEW]R. Harré - 1976 - Mind 85:627.
     
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  21. SEMON, R. -The Mneme. [REVIEW]A. D. R. A. D. R. - 1922 - Mind 31:233.
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  22. Enthusiasm, A Chapter in the History of Religion.R. A. Knox - 1951 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 13 (1):138-139.
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  23.  30
    Lloyd (G.E.R.) Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections . Pp. 240. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004. Cased, £27.50, US$35.00. ISBN: 0-19-927016-. [REVIEW]R. A. H. King - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (01):237-.
  24.  65
    Obesity: Towards a System of Libertarian Paternalistic Public Health Interventions.R. A. Skipper - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):181-191.
    This article draws on scientific explanations of obesity to motivate the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into the obesity epidemic. Libertarian paternalists argue that paternalism is warranted in light of the cognitive limits of human decision-making abilities. There are further, specific biological limits on our capacity to choose and maintain a healthy diet. These biological facts strengthen the general motivation for libertarian paternalism. As a consequence, the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into (...)
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  25.  20
    A modal extension of intuitionist logic.R. A. Bull - 1965 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (2):142-146.
  26.  53
    Aristote: L'Éthique à Nicomaque.R. A. Gauthier & J. Y. Jolif - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 11 (45):366-372.
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  27.  53
    The very idea of a folk psychology.R. A. Sharpe - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (December):381-93.
    Three arguments are proposed against the idea that ordinary talk about the mind constitutes a folk psychology, a sort of prescientific theory which explains human behaviour and which is ripe for replacement by a neurological or computational theory with better scientific credentials. First, not all talk of the mind is introduced to explain in the way assumed by those who think that mental talk hypothesizes inner processes to explain behaviour. Second, the individuation of the behaviour which is explained by the (...)
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  28. A treatise on pronostications by Venancius of Moerbeke.R. A. Pack - 1976 - Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 43.
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  29.  23
    A Manual of Intensional Logic.R. A. Bull & Johan van Benthem - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (4):1489.
  30.  59
    Excuses, moral and legal: a comment on Marcia Baron’s ‘excuses, excuses’.R. A. Duff - 2007 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):49-55.
    Marcia Baron has offered an illuminating and fruitful discussion of extra-legal excuses. What is particularly useful, and particularly important, is her focus on our excusatory practices—on the ways and contexts in which we make, offer, accept, bestow and reject excuses: if we are to reach an adequate understanding of excuses, their implications and their grounds, we must attend to the roles that they can play in our human activities and relationships—and to the complexities and particularities of those roles. However, I (...)
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  31. A History of Color. The Evolution of Theories of Lights and Color. [REVIEW]R. A. Crone - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (2):327-328.
  32.  96
    Young Kuwaitis' views of the acceptability of physician-assisted suicide.R. A. Ahmed, P. C. Sorum & E. Mullet - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (11):671-676.
    Aim To study the views of people in a largely Muslim country, Kuwait, of the acceptability of a life-ending action such as physician-assisted suicide (PAS). Method 330 Kuwaiti university students judged the acceptability of PAS in 36 scenarios composed of all combinations of four factors: the patient's age (35, 60 or 85 years); the level of incurability of the illness (completely incurable vs extremely difficult to cure); the type of suffering (extreme physical pain or complete dependence) and the extent to (...)
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  33.  25
    Does Christianity Make a Difference?R. A. McCormick - 1995 - Christian Bioethics 1 (1):97-101.
    The human person makes great demands on the physician and calls for unique attention. Hence the doctor-patient relationship calls for the highest ideals of kindness, patience, trustworthiness, generosity and skill. The Catholic physician brings to these demands a specific meaning: ministering to the sick is to see Christ in them and to show Him to them.
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  34.  36
    Theory of Games as a Tool for the Moral Philosopher. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (3):516-516.
    An extension of game theory to the two-person game involving collaboration. In a detailed discussion of a simple case, the author argues persuasively that his methods yield a strategy which is sensible, prudent and fair for both participants. One of the more interesting by-products is a method for comparing inter-personal preference scales, thus providing an answer to one of the standard objections to the Hedonistic calculus. Braithwaite's approach is novel, and should be of interest to game-theorists as well as philosophers.--A. (...)
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  35. An Accuracy‐Dominance Argument for Conditionalization.R. A. Briggs & Richard Pettigrew - 2020 - Noûs 54 (1):162-181.
  36.  27
    The Structure of a Moral Code. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):722-722.
    This book consists of three parts: a general theory of descriptive ethics, a general theory of ethical discourse, and an application of II to the ethical discourse of the Navaho Indians, based on the writer's own field studies. The work is careful, clear, thorough, and detailed, and the inclusion of field notes is helpful in understanding and evaluating Ladd's reconstructions. There are questions of detail where one might cavil, but the book is an important contribution to the relatively unexplored area (...)
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  37. Bast, R.A., Der Wissenschaftsbegriff Martin Heideggers im Zusammenhang seiner Philosophie. [REVIEW]A. Lichtigfeld - 1988 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 50:372.
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  38.  57
    A Capacity That Surpasses Human Understanding.R. A. Naulty - 1976 - The Monist 59 (4):507-518.
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  39. Review: A. Ehrenfeucht, S. Feferman, Representability of Recursively Enumerable Sets in Formal Theories. [REVIEW]R. A. DiPaola - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):530-530.
  40.  10
    A note on the modal calculi S 4.2 and S 4.3.R. A. Bull - 1964 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 10 (4):53-55.
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  41.  46
    A Centenary of Lamarck.R. A. Muttkowski - 1929 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 4 (3):391-413.
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  42. Chisholm, R.-A Realist Theory of Categories.A. Gallois - 1997 - Philosophical Books 38:255-256.
     
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  43.  20
    Ehrenfeucht A. and Feferman S.. Representability of recursively enumerable sets informal theories. Archiv für mathematische Logik und Grundlagenforschung, vol. 5 no. 1–2 , pp. 37–41. [REVIEW]R. A. DiPaola - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):530-530.
  44.  30
    Introduction To Logic. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (2):353-353.
    An excellent introduction to symbolic logic. Part I, "Principles of Inference and Definition," carries the reader through the first order predicate calculus with identity, and relates the formal theory of inference to many standard informal arguments. Chapter 8 contains by far the best elementary discussion of the theory of definition now in print. Part II, "Elementary Intuitive Set Theory," gives a clear introduction to the fundamental concepts, and prepares the way for more advanced work in the field. The book is (...)
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  45. A radical reversal in cortical information flow as the mechanism for human cognitive abilities: The frontal feedback model.R. A. Noack - 1995 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 16 (3):281-304.
    The paper argues that the rich cognitive abilities of humans are the result of a unique functional system in the human brain which is absent in the nonhuman brain. This "frontal feedback system" is suggested to have evolved in the transition from the great apes to humans and is a product of a reversal in the preferred direction of information flow in the human cortex due to the phylogenetic enlargement of the human frontal lobe. The frontal feedback system forms an (...)
     
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  46.  20
    A note on the modal calculi S 4.2 and S 4.3.R. A. Bull - 1964 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 10 (4):53-55.
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  47.  39
    Bioethics Consultation Practices and Procedures: A Survey of a Large Canadian Community of Practice.R. A. Greenberg, K. W. Anstey, R. Macri, A. Heesters, S. Bean & R. Zlotnik Shaul - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (2):135-146.
    The literature fails to reflect general agreement over the nature of the services and procedures provided by bioethicists, and the training and core competencies this work requires. If bioethicists are to define their activities in a consistent way, it makes sense to look for common ground in shared communities of practice. We report results of a survey of the services and procedures among bioethicists affiliated with the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB). This is the largest group of (...)
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  48.  18
    Georg Simmel 1858-1918. [REVIEW]R. A. A. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (4):705-705.
    This is an able book of essays, written by well-qualified scholars, about an unjustly neglected nineteenth century German philosopher. He is known in this country primarily as the founder of "formal sociology," but much of what he has to say belongs with equal propriety to the philosophy of culture. The aim of the volume is to rehabilitate Simmel's reputation, which suffered much among sociologists from attacks by Abel and Sorokin. The volume also contains about 100 pages of Simmel's own essays (...)
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  49.  7
    A theory of visual movement perception.R. A. Kinchla & Lorraine G. Allan - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (6):537-558.
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  50. A Modified Voucher System and Public School Accountability.R. A. Clifton - 2002 - Journal of Thought 37 (3):25-32.
     
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