Results for 'Public health'

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  1. Oversimplifications II: Public health ethics ignores individual rights.Matthew K. Wynia Public Health Editor - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):6 – 8.
     
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  2.  57
    Worst case bioethics: death, disaster, and public health.George J. Annas - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    American healthcare -- Bioterror and bioart -- State of emergency -- Licensed to torture -- Hunger strikes -- War -- Cancer -- Drug dealing -- Toxic tinkering -- Abortion -- Culture of death -- Patient safety -- Global health -- Statue of security -- Pandemic fear -- Bioidentifiers -- Genetic genocide.
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  3. The New International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for International Law and Public Health.David P. Fidler & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):85-94.
    The adoption of the new International Health Regulations in May 2005 represents an historic development for international law and public health. This article describes the IHR revision process and analyzes why the new IHR constitute an advance in global health governance.
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  4.  27
    Individual and Collective Considerations in Public Health: Influenza Vaccination in Nursing Homes.Marcel Verweij - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (5-6):536-546.
    Many nursing homes have an influenza vaccination policy in which it is assumed that express (proxy) consent is not necessary. Tacit consent procedures are more efficient if one aims at high vaccination rates. In this paper I focus on incompetent residents and proxy consent. Tacit proxy consent for vaccination implies a deviance of standard proxy consent requirements. I analyse several arguments that may possibly support such a deviance. The primary reason to offer influenza vaccination is that vaccinated persons have a (...)
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  5.  48
    The Individual Mandate: Implications for Public Health Law.Wendy E. Parmet - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):401-413.
    No provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) has been more contentious than the so-called “individual mandate,” the constitutionality of which is now before several appellate courts. Critics claim that the mandate represents an unprecedented attempt by the federal government to compel individual action. Yet, states frequently employ similar mandates to protect the public's health. These public health mandates have also often aroused deep opposition. This essay situates PPACA's mandate, and the opposition to (...)
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  6. 8 Tokens of Trust or Token Trust?Public Consultation - 2008 - In Julie Brownlie, Alexandra Greene & Alexandra Howson (eds.), Researching trust and health. New York: Routledge. pp. 152.
     
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  7.  42
    Addressing the Legacy of the U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study at Tuskegee: Optimal Health in Health Care Reform Philosophy.Rueben C. Warren, Luther S. Williams & Wylin D. Wilson - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (6):496-500.
    This article is guided by principles and practices of bioethics and public health ethics focused on health care reform within the context of promoting Optimal Health. The Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care is moving beyond the traditions of bioethics to incorporate public health ethics and Optimal Health. It is imperative to remember the legacy of the ill-fated research entitled Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro (...)
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  8.  40
    Why and How States are Updating Their Public Health Laws.Susan M. Allan, Benjamin Mason Meier, Joan Miles, Gregg Underheim & Anne C. Haddix - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (s4):39-42.
    In confronting the insalubrious ramifications of globalization, human rights scholars and activists have argued for greater national and international responsibility pursuant to the human right to health. Codified seminally in Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the right to health proclaims that states bear an obligation to realize the “highest attainable standard” of health for all. However, in pressing for the highest attainable standard for each individual, the right to health (...)
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  9.  15
    Technologies to Detect Concealed Weapons: Fourth Amendment Limits on a New Public Health and Law Enforcement Tool.Jon S. Vernick, Matthew W. Pierce, Daniel W. Webster, Sara B. Johnson & Shannon Frattaroli - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):567-579.
    Firearm violence is a major public health problem in the United States. In 2000, firearms were used in 10,801 homicides – two-thirds of all homicides in the U.S. – and 533,470 non-fatal criminal victimizations including rapes, robberies, and assaults. The social costs of gun violence in the United States are also staggering, and have been estimated to be on the order of $100 billion per year.Illegal gun carrying, usually concealed, in public places is an important risk factor (...)
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  10.  17
    Nonsmokers-only hiring policies: personal liberty vs. promoting public health.Wendell C. Taylor & William J. Winslade - 2022 - Ethics and Behavior 32 (4):359-373.
    ABSTRACT There is a fierce debate about nonsmokers-only hiring policies, also referred to as no-nicotine hiring policies and “tobacco free” hiring policies. The favorable outcomes of no-nicotine hiring policies include reduced health costs, improved worker productivity, enhanced organizational image, and symbolic messaging. The unfavorable consequences of such policies include violating personal liberty, risking a “slippery slope” to other health-compromising behaviors, exacerbating socio-economic disparities, and discriminating against smokers. No-nicotine hiring policies have not been adequately evaluated and a new approach (...)
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  11.  42
    "Typhoid Mary" Strikes Back Bacteriological Theory and Practice in Early Twentieth-Century Public Health.Judith Leavitt - 1992 - Isis 83 (4):608-629.
  12.  31
    The Deadly Ideas of Neoliberalism: How the IMF undermined Public Health and the Fight Against AIDS – By Rick Rowden.Solomon R. Benatar - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):55-56.
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  13. Introduction: The moral imperative to maintain public health.M. Boylan - 2004 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), Public Health Policy and Ethics. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  14.  47
    Philosophy, freedom and the public good: a review and analysis of 'Public Health Ethics' Holland, S. (2007).Andrew Miles & Michael Loughlin - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (5):838-858.
  15. The Critical Role and Integration of Public Health Within the Healthcare Delivery System.Tracie Collins - 2020 - In Frankie Perry (ed.), The tracks we leave: ethics and management dilemmas in healthcare. Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.
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  16. ‘Less Mudslinging and More Facts’: A New Look at an Old Debate about Public Health in Late Medieval English Towns.Carole Rawcliffe - 2012 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 89 (1):203-221.
    Many current assumptions about health provision in medieval English cities derive not from the surviving archival or archaeological evidence but from the pronouncements of Victorian sanitary reformers whose belief in scientific progress made them dismissive of earlier attempts to ameliorate the quality of urban life. Our own tendency to judge historical responses to disease by the exacting standards of modern biomedicine reflects the same anachronistic attitude, while a widespread conviction that England lagged centuries behind Italy in matters of (...) and hygiene seems to reinforce presumptions of ‘backwardness’ and ‘ignorance’. By contrast, this paper argues that a systematic exploration of primary source material reveals a very different approach to collective health, marked by direct intervention on the part of the crown and central government and the active involvement of urban communities, especially after the Black Death of 1348-49. A plethora of regulations for the elimination of recognized hazards was then accompanied by major schemes for environmental improvement, such as the introduction of piped water systems and arrangements for refuse collection. (shrink)
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  17.  28
    Transformational Medical Education Leadership: Ethics, Justice and Equity—The U. S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study at Tuskegee Provides Insight for Health Care Reform.John E. Maupin Jr & Rueben C. Warren - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (6):501-504.
  18.  7
    Applying the Regulatory Powers of Public Health.Angela Z. Monson, Jake Pauls & Michelle Leverett - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (s4):68-69.
    The advent of sales over the Internet has led to interesting developments in sales tax policy as states attempt to monitor, control, and collect revenue from illusive Internet tobacco vendors. Tobacco sales have been successfully monitored and regulated, to some extent, in convenience stores, grocery stores, and smoke shops, and in most cases sales taxes are collected. The Internet, however, is extremely difficult to regulate. States could use their regulatory powers to ban the sale of products such as tobacco and (...)
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  19.  29
    Is Advanced Maternal Age a Public Health Issue?Angel Petropanagos - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (11):56-58.
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  20. The republic of health : motivating the republican turn in public health.Richard Ashcroft - 2019 - In Alastair V. Campbell, Voo Teck Chuan, Richard Huxtable & N. S. Peart (eds.), Healthcare ethics, law and professionalism: essays on the works of Alastair V. Campbell. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
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  21.  64
    Carrying Guns in Public: Legal and Public Health Implications.Jon S. Vernick - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):84-87.
    The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” Until recently, no federal appellate court had ever struck down any gun law as a violation of the Second Amendment. In fact, even laws outlawing most handgun possession, or restricting other types of firearms, had been upheld, in part, because the laws did not interfere with (...)
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  22.  24
    Carrots and sticks: Keeping healthcare workers on the job in a public health disaster.Tia Powell - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):20 – 21.
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  23.  25
    Failing Those at Ground Zero … Again: American Public Health Responses to AIDS and 9/11.Lance Wahlert & Autumn Fiester - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (9):1-2.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 9, Page 1-2, September 2011.
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  24. Going too far? How the public health anti-obesity drives could cause harm by promoting eating disorders.Jacinta O. A. Tan, Suzana Corciova & Dasha Nicholls - 2019 - In Kelso Cratsley & Jennifer Radden (eds.), Mental Health as Public Health: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention. San Diego, CA: Elsevier.
  25.  29
    Learning from the economic crisis: public health and private ventures.T. Koch - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (3):145-146.
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  26.  12
    Getting Unstuck: Rubber Bands and Public Health.Summer McGee - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (12):1-2.
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  27.  11
    Commercial Advertising of Alcohol: Using Law to Challenge Public Health Regulation.Paula O’Brien, Robin Room & Dan Anderson-Luxford - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (2):240-249.
    In most countries, the alcohol industry enjoys considerable freedom to market its products. Where government regulation is proposed or enacted, the alcohol industry has often deployed legal arguments and used legal forums to challenge regulation. Governments considering marketing regulation must be cognizant of relevant legal constraints and be prepared to defend their policies against industry legal challenges.
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  28.  45
    Public Health Virtue Ethics.Kathryn MacKay - 2022 - Public Health Ethics 15 (1):1-10.
    This paper proposes that public health is the sort of institution that has a role in producing structures of virtue in society. This proposal builds upon work that describes how virtues are structured by the practices of institutions, at the collective or whole-of-society level. This work seeks to fill a gap in public health ethics when it comes to virtues. Mainstay moral theories tend to incorporate some role for virtues, but within public health ethics (...)
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  29.  24
    Public Health Ethics.Stephen Holland - 2007 - Hoboken, NJ: Polity.
    How far should we go in protecting and promoting public health? Can we force people to give up unhealthy habits and make healthier choices, or does everyone have the right to decide their own lifestyle? Should we stop treating smokers who refuse to give up smoking? Should we put a tax on fatty foods and ban vending machines in schools to address the obesity epidemic? Should parents be required to have their children vaccinated? Are some of our screening (...)
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  30.  27
    Ethics, public health and technology responses to COVID‐19.Seumas Miller & Marcus Smith - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (4):366-371.
    The COVID‐19 pandemic has infected millions around the world. Governments initially responded by requiring businesses to close and citizens to self‐isolate, as well as funding vaccine research and implementing a range of technologies to monitor and limit the spread of the disease. This article considers the use of smartphone metadata and Bluetooth applications for public health surveillance purposes in relation to COVID‐19. It undertakes ethical analysis of these measures, particularly in relation to collective moral responsibility, considering whether citizens (...)
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  31.  45
    "Public Health Ethics".Ruth Faden & Justin Bernstein - 2020 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This encyclopedia entry provides an overview of the field of public health ethics. It focuses on what distinguishes public health ethics from other nearby subfields—especially biomedical ethics. It also frames the problems of public health ethics in terms of the concepts of justice and political legitimacy.
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  32.  4
    Public Health, Public Health Ethics Principlism, and Good Governance During the Covid-19 Pandemic.Udo Schüklenk - 2023 - Social Philosophy and Policy 40 (2):306-328.
    The COVID-19 pandemic brought about at least two normative challenges on unprecedented scale for liberal democracies. One concerned prioritization decisions when health care resources were constrained. The other, which arguably led to lasting damage to social cohesion and citizens’ trust in government and government public health institutions, concerned policies introduced with the aim of reducing the spread of SARS-CoV2, some of which turned out to be mistaken. I discuss in this essay a few examples of misguided, liberty-limiting (...)
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  33.  11
    Bioethics, Public Health, and the Social Sciences for the Medical Professions: An Integrated, Case-Based Approach.Amy E. Caruso Brown, Travis R. Hobart & Cynthia B. Morrow (eds.) - 2019 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This unique textbook utilizes an integrated, case-based approach to explore how the domains of bioethics, public health and the social sciences impact individual patients and populations. It provides a structured framework suitable for both educators (including course directors and others engaged in curricular design) and for medical and health professions students to use in classroom settings across a range of clinical areas and allied health professions and for independent study. The textbook opens with an introduction, describing (...)
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  34.  17
    Public health nurses as social mediators navigating discourses with new mothers.Megan Aston - 2008 - Nursing Inquiry 15 (4):280-288.
    Public health nurses (PHN) have had a long history of working with new mothers in the community. Their practice includes collaboration, building therapeutic relationships, mutual goal setting, establishing trust, supporting clients’ strengths, empowerment and social justice. The wealth of information that new mothers receive both solicited and unsolicited may come from many different sources such as medicine, midwifery and those created personally by families. Although much of the information on mothering is presented with the intent of helping, it (...)
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  35.  12
    Kristy Wilson Bowers. Plague and Public Health in Early Modern Seville. x + 139 pp., illus., bibl., index. Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press, 2013. $80. [REVIEW]Mary Lindemann - 2014 - Isis 105 (3):641-642.
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  36.  15
    Alan M. Kraut. Goldberger’s War: The Life and Work of a Public Health Crusader. xvi + 313 pp., illus., index. New York: Hill & Wang, 2003. $25. [REVIEW]Kenneth J. Carpenter - 2004 - Isis 95 (1):149-150.
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  37.  15
    Ian F. McNeely. “Medicine on a Grand Scale”: Rudolf Virchow, Liberalism, and the Public Health. 97 pp., bibl, index. London: Trustee of the Wellcome Trust, 2002. £10. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Cocks - 2005 - Isis 96 (1):133-134.
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  38.  35
    Akira Akabayashi, MD, Ph. D., is Professor in the Department of Biomedical Ethics at the School of Health Science and Nursing at the University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, and Professor at the School of Public Health, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. [REVIEW]Rachel A. Ankeny, M. L. S. Bette Anton, Alister Browne, Nuket Buken, Murat Civaner, Arthur R. Derse, Brent Dickson, Dan Eastwood, Todd Gilmer & Michael L. Gross - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12:229-231.
  39.  45
    Teaching seven principles for public health ethics: towards a curriculum for a short course on ethics in public health programmes.Peter Schröder-Bäck, Peter Duncan, William Sherlaw, Caroline Brall & Katarzyna Czabanowska - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):73.
    Teaching ethics in public health programmes is not routine everywhere – at least not in most schools of public health in the European region. Yet empirical evidence shows that schools of public health are more and more interested in the integration of ethics in their curricula, since public health professionals often have to face difficult ethical decisions.
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  40.  23
    When Public Health Goes Wrong: Toward a New Concept of Public Health Error.Itai Bavli - 2023 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 51 (2):385-402.
    Studies of public health decisions that have had harmful effects tend to disagree about what constitutes a public health error. Debates exist about whether public health errors must be culpable or not, as well as about what the criteria for judging public health errors should be.
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  41.  26
    Public Health and the Built Environment: Historical, Empirical, and Theoretical Foundations for an Expanded Role.Wendy C. Perdue, Lawrence O. Gostin & Lesley A. Stone - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):557-566.
    In 2000, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Environmental Health issued a report that explored some of the ways in which “sprawl” impacts public health. The report has generated great interest, and state health officials are beginning to discuss the relationship between land use and public health. The CDC report has also produced a backlash. For example, the Southern California Building Industry Association labeled the report “a ludicrous sham” and argued (...)
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  42.  21
    A Public Health Ethics Case for Mitigating Zoonotic Disease Risk in Food Production.Justin Bernstein & Jan Dutkiewicz - 2021 - Food Ethics 6 (2):1-25.
    This article argues that governments in countries that currently permit intensive animal agriculture - especially but not exclusively high-income countries - are, in principle, morally justified in taking steps to restrict or even eliminate intensive animal agriculture to protect public health from the risk of zoonotic pandemics. Unlike many extant arguments for restricting, curtailing, or even eliminating intensive animal agriculture which focus on environmental harms, animal welfare, or the link between animal source food (ASF) consumption and noncommunicable disease, (...)
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  43.  27
    Public Health, Ethics, and Human Rights: A Tribute to the Late Jonathan Mann.Lawrence O. Gostin - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 29 (2):121-130.
    The late Jonathan Mann famously theorized that public health, ethics, and human rights are complementary fields motivated by the paramount value of human well-being. He felt that people could not be healthy if governments did not respect their rights and dignity as well as engage in health policies guided by sound ethical values. Nor could people have their rights and dignity if they were not healthy. Mann and his colleagues argued that public health and human (...)
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  44.  93
    public Health Ethics From Foundations and Frameworks to Justice and Global public Health.Nancy E. Kass - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):232-242.
    Public health ethics in the future will be distinguished from public health ethics in the past by this new subfield being labeled as such, acknowledged, and called upon for service. Ethical dilemmas have been present throughout the history of public health. The question of whether to force Henning Jacobson to be immunized in 1905 in accordance with the 1902 Massachusetts smallpox vaccination law was one of ethics as well as law. How Thomas Parran, Surgeon (...)
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  45.  52
    Public Health and the Virtues of Responsibility, Compassion and Humility.Jessica Nihlén Fahlquist - 2019 - Public Health Ethics 12 (3):213-224.
    In contrast to medical care, which is focused on the individual patient, public health is focused on collective health. This article argues that, in order to better protect the individual, discussions of public health would benefit from incorporating the insights of virtue ethics. There are three reasons to for this. First, the collective focus may cause neglect of the effects of public health policy on the interests and rights of individuals and minorities. Second, (...)
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  46.  59
    Public Health Ethics and a Status for Pets as Person-Things: Revisiting the Place of Animals in Urbanized Societies.Melanie Rock & Chris Degeling - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):485-495.
    Within the field of medical ethics, discussions related to public health have mainly concentrated on issues that are closely tied to research and practice involving technologies and professional services, including vaccination, screening, and insurance coverage. Broader determinants of population health have received less attention, although this situation is rapidly changing. Against this backdrop, our specific contribution to the literature on ethics and law vis-à-vis promoting population health is to open up the ubiquitous presence of pets within (...)
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  47.  52
    Public health, public trust and lobbying.Matthew K. Wynia - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):4 – 7.
    Each year, infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) leads to millions of abnormal Pap smears and thousands of cases of cervical cancer in the US. Throughout the developing world, where Pap smears are less common, HPV is a leading cause of cancer death among women. So when the international pharmaceutical giant Merck developed a vaccine that could prevent infection with several key strains of HPV, the public health community was anxious to celebrate a major advance. But then marketing and (...)
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  48.  79
    Should public health respect autonomy?S. A. Hall - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (4):197-201.
    This paper suggests that public health, due to its community orientation, may be ignoring certain ethical principles--namely the rights of individuals and communities to self-determination. The expectation of individual rights as a member of a community is reviewed and the additional right of a community for self-determination is proposed. The influences on ethical evaluations by the legal and economic environments are suggested, using US examples. The conclusion argues that as the focus of health-care delivery changes, it will (...)
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  49.  71
    Public Health Ethics: Resource Allocation and the Ethics of Legitimacy.Kristine Bærøe - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 4 (1).
    Public health ethics is a relatively new academic field. Crucially, it is distinguished from traditional medical ethics by its focus on populations rather than individuals. Still, the ethics of public health cannot be perceived completely detached from the ethics of individuals, as populations are made up of individuals. One issue that clearly falls within the intersection of a population- and an individual based perspective on ethics is resource allocation. Resource allocation takes place at various stages within (...)
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  50.  47
    Public Health or Clinical Ethics: Thinking beyond Borders.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (2):35-45.
    A normatively adequate public health ethics needs to be anchored in political philosophy rather than in ethics. Its central ethical concerns are likely to include trust and justice, rather than autonomy and informed consent.
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