Results for 'ProfDr Bert'

849 found
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  1.  37
    Was ist empirische Ethik?ProfDr Bert - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):187-199.
    Empirische Ethik ist ein relativ neues Vorgehen in der Ethikforschung, das vor allem in der Medizinethik angewandt wird. Dieser Beitrag bespricht die kennzeichnenden Charakteristika der empirischen Ethik und unterscheidet zwischen generalistischer und kontextualistischer empirischer Ethik. Zuerst werden verschiedene Beispiele beider Arten von empirischer Ethik vorgestellt, danach werden für beide Ansätze mögliche Schwachpunkte diskutiert. Die Schlussfolgerung des Beitrages besteht darin, dass das Entstehen der empirischen Ethik eine positive Entwicklung ist. Empirische Ethik sollte jedoch als eine Ergänzung der traditionellen philosophischen Medizinethik betrachtet (...)
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  2. Can Mechanisms Really Replace Laws of Nature?Bert Leuridan - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (3):317-340.
    Today, mechanisms and mechanistic explanation are very popular in philosophy of science and are deemed a welcome alternative to laws of nature and deductive‐nomological explanation. Starting from Mitchell's pragmatic notion of laws, I cast doubt on their status as a genuine alternative. I argue that (1) all complex‐systems mechanisms ontologically must rely on stable regularities, while (2) the reverse need not hold. Analogously, (3) models of mechanisms must incorporate pragmatic laws, while (4) such laws themselves need not always refer to (...)
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  3. ›Religion‹ AlS Thema Evangelischer Theologie. Zur Religionstheoretischen Bedeutung Einer Konfessionellen Disziplin.ProfDr Jörg Dierken - 2001 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 43 (2).
    Theology as a confessional discipline is challenged to prove its academic character. Only the distanced view to religion, as it is significant for non-confessional religious studies, seems to be in a position to deal with the cultural phenomenon called ‘religion’ in a serious academic manner. Theology should to live up to the challenge by proposing itselfs specific concept of ‘religion’. It is in this field, that we find the topic of an fruitful and dialectical encounter between both disciplines, theology and (...)
     
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  4. De zogenaamde theologie Van aristoteles en de araabse plotinos-traditie.Bert MariËn - 1948 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 10 (1):125-146.
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  5. God or the Subject? Karl Barth's Critique of the “Turn to the Subject”.ProfDr Dirk-Martin Grube - 2008 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 49 (3).
    In this article, I argue that Barth resists the modern “turn to the subject” and that important features of his approach can be explained as being motivated by this resistance. Under the parameters of this “turn”, the human subject occupies a position which should be reserved for God. As an antidote to this turn, Barth suggests an exchange of subjects: The role that the subject occupies under subjectivist parameters should be taken over by a Trinitarian notion of God. This suggestion (...)
     
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  6.  4
    Zeitschriftenschau.ProfDr Horst G. Pöhlmann - 2001 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 43 (1):181-195.
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  7. Three Problems for the Mutual Manipulability Account of Constitutive Relevance in Mechanisms.Bert Leuridan - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (2):399-427.
    In this article, I present two conceptual problems for Craver's mutual manipulability account of constitutive relevance in mechanisms. First, constitutive relevance threatens to imply causal relevance despite Craver (and Bechtel)'s claim that they are strictly distinct. Second, if (as is intuitively appealing) parthood is defined in terms of spatio-temporal inclusion, then the mutual manipulability account is prone to counterexamples, as I show by a case of endosymbiosis. I also present a methodological problem (a case of experimental underdetermination) and formulate two (...)
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  8. The Skill of Identifying Argumentation.Bert Meuffels, Rob Grootendorst, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren - 2015 - In Bert Meuffels, Rob Grootendorst, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
     
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  9.  5
    An Interactional Approach to Epistemic and Evidential Adverbs in Spanish Conversation.Bert Cornillie - 2010 - In Gabriele Diewald & Elena Smirnova (eds.), Linguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languages. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 309--330.
  10.  20
    Unconscious Primes Activate Motor Codes Through Semantics.Bert Reynvoet, Wim Gevers & Bernie Caessens - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (5):991-1000.
  11.  32
    Lemons and Timber. The Case of Tropical Timber Investment Funds in the Netherlands.Bert Scholtens & Laura Spierdijk - 2007 - Philosophica 80:105-119.
    In this paper, we analyze the behavior of Dutch tropical timber investment funds in relation to financial regulation. These funds are a niche market within the market for socially responsible investments. During the past few years, several Dutch timber funds went bankrupt, whereas others were surrounded by scandals. Partly as a reaction to this, tighter regulation was developed and implemented. In response to the regulatory changes timber funds adjusted their operations and business strategy. The lack of supervision of timber funds, (...)
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  12.  8
    Book Review: The Pleasure of the Play. [REVIEW]Bert O. States - 1996 - Philosophy and Literature 20 (1).
  13. William Stanley Jevons and the Cutting Edge of Economics.Bert Mosselmans - 2007 - Routledge.
    The impressive young scholar Bert Mosselmans, analyzing the theory and policy of Jevons, a major figure in the field of the history of economics, has put together a volume with broad international appeal, particularly in Europe, North America and Japan, that offers a synthetic approach to Jevons’ economic theory, applied economics and economic policy. Adopting a relativist approach to his subject, Mosselmans focuses on all aspects of Jevons’ theory, tying the different strands together where appropriate and discriminating where necessary. (...)
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  14. The IARC and Mechanistic Evidence.Bert Leuridan & Erik Weber - 2011 - In Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 91--109.
    The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is an organization which seeks to identify the causes of human cancer. Per agent, such as betel quid or Human Papillomaviruses, they review the available evidence deriving from epidemiological studies, animal experiments and information about mechanisms (and other data). The evidence of the different groups is combined such that an overall assessment of the carcinogenicity of the agent in question is obtained. In this paper, we critically review the IARC’s carcinogenicity evaluations. First (...)
     
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  15. Voir les savoirs: lieux, objets et gestes de la science.Jean-François Bert - 2021 - Paris: Anamosa.
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  16. Bert van den Brink on Philosophical Ethics.S. Darwell - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):210-212.
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  17. Further Publications of the Authors.Bert Hamminga - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):267.
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  18. The Extended Pragma-Dialectical Argumentation Theory Empirically Interpreted.Bert Meuffels, Bart Garssen, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren - 1st ed. 2015 - In Bert Meuffels, Bart Garssen, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
  19. Idealization Vi: Idealization in Economics.Bert Hamminga & Neil B. De Marchi (eds.) - 1994 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Introduction. Bert HAMMINGA and Neil DE MARCHI: Préface. Bert HAMMINGA and Neil DE MARCHI: Idealization and the Defence of Economics: Notes Toward a History. Part I: General Observations on Idealization in Economics. Kevin D. HOOVER: Six Queries about Idealization in an Empirical Context. Bernard WALLISER: Three Generalization Processes for Economic Models. Steven COOK and David HENDRY: The Theory of Reduction in Econometrics. Maarten C.W. JANSSEN: Economic Models and Their Applications. Adolfo GARCÍA DE LA SIENRA: Idealization and Empirical Adequacy (...)
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  20.  68
    Good Care in Ongoing Dialogue. Improving the Quality of Care Through Moral Deliberation and Responsive Evaluation.Tineke A. Abma, Bert Molewijk & Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2009 - Health Care Analysis 17 (3):217-235.
    Recently, moral deliberation within care institutions is gaining more attention in medical ethics. Ongoing dialogues about ethical issues are considered as a vehicle for quality improvement of health care practices. The rise of ethical conversation methods can be understood against the broader development within medical ethics in which interaction and dialogue are seen as alternatives for both theoretical or individual reflection on ethical questions. In other disciplines, intersubjectivity is also seen as a way to handle practical problems, and methodologies have (...)
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  21.  80
    Toward a Second-Person Neuroscience.Bert Timmermans, Vasudevi Reddy, Alan Costall, Gary Bente, Tobias Schlicht, Kai Vogeley & Leonhard Schilbach - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):393-414.
    In spite of the remarkable progress made in the burgeoning field of social neuroscience, the neural mechanisms that underlie social encounters are only beginning to be studied and could —paradoxically— be seen as representing the ‘dark matter’ of social neuroscience. Recent conceptual and empirical developments consistently indicate the need for investigations, which allow the study of real-time social encounters in a truly interactive manner. This suggestion is based on the premise that social cognition is fundamentally different when we are in (...)
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  22. In Pursuit of Nanoethics.Bert Gordijn & Anthony Mark Cutter (eds.) - 2014 - Springer.
    The volume contributes to the ongoing nanoethics debate in four topical areas. The first part tackles questions of what could be called ‘meta-nanoethics’. Its focus lies on basic concepts and the issue of what - if anything - is truly novel and special about the new field of nanoethics or its subject matter. The second part of this volume presents a selection of interesting perspectives on some of the opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology. Part three takes a more in depth (...)
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  23. The Disguised Abusive Ad Hominem Empirically Investigated: Strategic Maneuvering with Direct Personal Attacks.Bert Meuffels, Bart Garssen & Frans van Eemeren - 2015 - In Scott Jacobs, Sally Jackson, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
     
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  24.  1
    Die Person Und Die Unbestimmbarkeit Ihrer Grenzen: Eine Grundlegende Kritik an der Debatte Über Personenidentität.Bert Gordijn - 1996 - Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften.
    Diese philosophische Arbeit behandelt das Problem der Bestimmung von Grenzen der Person. Sie kritisiert zwei Aspekte der seit J. Locke bestehenden Debatte uber das Problem der Personenidentitat: zum einen die Unzulanglichkeit der Formulierung des Problems, zum anderen das Fehlen einer soliden Theorie uber die Person als Grundlage der Debatte. Zur Behebung der entdeckten Unzulanglichkeit wird eine adaquate Formulierung des Problems entwickelt. Sie erfasst das Problem mit Hilfe des Begriffs der Grenze der Person. Dem zweiten Kritikpunkt wird dadurch begegnet, dass eine (...)
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  25. Culture, Individual Diversity, and End-of-Life Decisions.Bert Hayslip [ Jr - 2008 - In James L. Werth & Dean Blevins (eds.), Decision Making Near the End of Life: Issues, Development, and Future Directions. Brunner-Routledge.
     
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  26. Verse: Reflections on Hernando.Bert A. Kessler - 1967 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 48 (2):199.
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  27. Un Cadre Organisateur du Monde du Sens: La Sémantique Générale de Bernard Pottier.Bert Peeters - 1995 - Semiotica 104 (3-4):245-263.
     
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  28. Stervenskunst.Bert Keizer - 2008 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 100 (4).
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  29. The Structure of Scientific Theories, Explanation, and Unification. A Causal–Structural Account.Bert Leuridan - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):717-771.
    What are scientific theories and how should they be represented? In this article, I propose a causal–structural account, according to which scientific theories are to be represented as sets of interrelated causal and credal nets. In contrast with other accounts of scientific theories (such as Sneedian structuralism, Kitcher’s unificationist view, and Darden’s theory of theoretical components), this leaves room for causality to play a substantial role. As a result, an interesting account of explanation is provided, which sheds light on explanatory (...)
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  30. Effectiveness Through Reasonableness: A Pragma-Dialectical Perspective.Bert Meuffels, Bart Garssen, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren - 2015 - In Bert Meuffels, Bart Garssen, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
  31.  3
    Medical Utopias: Ethical Reflections About Emerging Medical Technologies.Bert Gordijn - 2006 - Peeters.
    The field of medicine is generally greeted with great enthusiasm. This can be witnessed in the immense support for medical progress, which is widely hoped to lead to a realization of idealized goals. Indeed, with the help of medicine the human body would be controllable and constructible, human nature perfectible. However, enthusiasm in favor of medical progress is first and foremost a sentiment and, like all sentiments, not necessarily a product of rational contemplation. People are capable of enthusing about the (...)
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  32. Palliative Sedation: Ethical Aspects.Bert Broeckaert - 2002 - In Chris Gastmans (ed.), Between Technology and Humanity: The Impact of Technology on Health Care Ethics. Leuven University Press. pp. 239--255.
     
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  33.  21
    A Bergsonian Film:" The Picasso Mystery" by André Bazin.Bert Cardullo - forthcoming - Journal of Aesthetic Education.
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  34.  35
    Diachronic Causal Constitutive Relations.Bert Leuridan & Thomas Lodewyckx - 2020 - Synthese (9):1-31.
    Mechanistic approaches are very common in the causal interpretation of biological and neuroscientific experimental work in today’s philosophy of science. In the mechanistic literature a strict distinction is often made between causal relations and constitutive relations, where the latter cannot be causal. One of the typical reasons for this strict distinction is that constitutive relations are supposedly synchronic whereas most if not all causal relations are diachronic. This strict distinction gives rise to a number of problems, however. Our end goal (...)
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  35.  31
    On Lawfulness in History and Historiography.Bert Leuridan & Anton Froeyman - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (2):172-192.
    The use of general and universal laws in historiography has been the subject of debate ever since the end of the nineteenth century. Since the 1970s there has been a growing consensus that general laws such as those in the natural sciences are not applicable in the scientific writing of history. We will argue against this consensus view, not by claiming that the underlying conception of what historiography is—or should be—is wrong, but by contending that it is based on a (...)
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  36.  55
    Nihilism: Beyond Optimism and Pessimism.Bert Lambeir & Paul Smeyers - 2003 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 22 (3/4):183-194.
    Is the youth culture, or more precisely aparticular kind of it, to be characterized as nihilistic ? And is this a threat or ablessing for education? To deal with this nihilism is first characterized generally andfollowing particular attention is paid toNietzsche's own version and revaluation ofvalues. Then Foucault's concept of life as awork of art is brought to the forefront as aparticular manner to give shape to one's life.It is argued that some of the more popularforms of pleasure nowadays may (...)
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  37.  33
    Education as Liberation: The Politics and Techniques of Lifelong Learning.Bert Lambeir - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (3):349–355.
    It is taken for granted that the complexity of the information society requires a reorientation of our being in the world. Not surprisingly, the call for lifelong learning and permanent education becomes louder and more intense every day. And while there are various worthwhile initiatives, like alphabetisation courses, the article argues that the discourse of lifelong learning contains at least two difficulties. Firstly, the shift from a knowledge‐based to an information society has revealed a concept of learning with an emphasis (...)
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  38.  78
    Galton's Blinding Glasses. Modern Statistics Hiding Causal Structure in Early Theories of Inheritance.Bert Leuridan - 2007 - In Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality and Probability in the Sciences. pp. 243--262.
    ABSTRACT. Probability and statistics play an important role in contemporary -philosophy of causality. They are viewed as glasses through which we can see or detect causal relations. However, they may sometimes act as blinding glasses, as I will argue in this paper. In the 19th century, Francis Galton tried to statistically analyze hereditary phenomena. Although he was a far better statistician than Gregor Mendel, his biological theory turned out to be less fruitful. This was no sheer accident. His knowledge of (...)
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  39.  21
    Remembering Bert Dreyfus.F. B. A. Harry Collins - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (2):373-376.
  40. Voyage chez les fourmis.Bert Holldobler & Edward Wilson - forthcoming - Hermes.
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  41. The Disguised Ad Baculum Fallacy Empirically Investigated. Strategic Maneuvering with Threats.Bert Meuffels, Bart Garssen, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren - 2015 - In Scott Jacobs, Sally Jackson, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
     
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  42.  72
    Subjective Visibility Depends on Level of Processing.Bert Windey, Wim Gevers & Axel Cleeremans - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):404-409.
  43.  34
    The Practical Value of Spurious Correlations: Selective Versus Manipulative Policy.Bert Leuridan, Erik Weber & Maarten Van Dyck - 2008 - Analysis 68 (4):298-303.
    In the past 25 years, many philosophers have endorsed the view that the practical value of causal knowledge lies in the fact that manipulation of causes is a good way to bring about a desired change in the effect. This view is intuitively very plausible. For instance, we can predict a storm on the basis of a barometer reading, but we cannot avoid the storm by manipulating the state of the barometer (barometer status and storm are effects of a common (...)
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  44. Scientific Contribution. Empirical Data and Moral Theory. A Plea for Integrated Empirical Ethics.Bert Molewijk, Anne M. Stiggelbout, Wilma Otten, Heleen M. Dupuis & Job Kievit - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):55-69.
    Ethicists differ considerably in their reasons for using empirical data. This paper presents a brief overview of four traditional approaches to the use of empirical data: “the prescriptive applied ethicists,” “the theorists,” “the critical applied ethicists,” and “the particularists.” The main aim of this paper is to introduce a fifth approach of more recent date (i.e. “integrated empirical ethics”) and to offer some methodological directives for research in integrated empirical ethics. All five approaches are presented in a table for heuristic (...)
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  45.  83
    Cultural Values and International Differences in Business Ethics.Bert Scholtens & Lammertjan Dam - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):273-284.
    We analyze ethical policies of firms in industrialized countries and try to find out whether culture is a factor that plays a significant role in explaining country differences. We look into the firm’s human rights policy, its governance of bribery and corruption, and the comprehensiveness, implementation and communication of its codes of ethics. We use a dataset on ethical policies of almost 2,700 firms in 24 countries. We find that there are significant differences among ethical policies of firms headquartered in (...)
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  46. Supervenience: Its Logic and its Inferential Role in Classical Genetics.Bert Leuridan - 2007 - Logique Et Analyse 198:147-171.
    Supervenience is mostly conceived of as a purely philosophical concept. Nevertheless, I will argue, it played an important and very fruitful inferential role in classical genetics. Gregor Mendel assumed that phenotypic traits supervene on underlying factors, and this assumption allowed him to successfully predict and explain the phenotypical regularities he had experimentally discovered. Therefore it is interesting to explicate how we reason about supervenience relations. I will tackle the following two questions. Firstly, can a reliable method (a logic) be found (...)
     
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  47. The Nuremberg and the Tokyo Trials in Retrospect.Bert V. A. Röling - 2008 - In Guénaël Mettraux (ed.), Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial. Oxford University Press.
     
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  48.  38
    Causal Discovery and the Problem of Ignorance. An Adaptive Logic Approach.Bert Leuridan - 2009 - Journal of Applied Logic 7 (2):188-205.
    In this paper, I want to substantiate three related claims regarding causal discovery from non-experimental data. Firstly, in scientific practice, the problem of ignorance is ubiquitous, persistent, and far-reaching. Intuitively, the problem of ignorance bears upon the following situation. A set of random variables V is studied but only partly tested for (conditional) independencies; i.e. for some variables A and B it is not known whether they are (conditionally) independent. Secondly, Judea Pearl’s most meritorious and influential algorithm for causal discovery (...)
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  49.  20
    Consciousness as a Graded and an All-or-None Phenomenon: A Conceptual Analysis.Bert Windey & Axel Cleeremans - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:185-191.
  50.  32
    Rules Vs. Statistics in Implicit Learning of Biconditional Grammars.Bert Timmermans - unknown
    A significant part of everyday learning occurs incidentally — a process typically described as implicit learning. A central issue in this domain and others, such as language acquisition, is the extent to which performance depends on the acquisition and deployment of abstract rules. Shanks and colleagues [22], [11] have suggested (1) that discrimination between grammatical and ungrammatical instances of a biconditional grammar requires the acquisition and use of abstract rules, and (2) that training conditions — in particular whether instructions orient (...)
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