Results for 'Priming'

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  1. Priming Effects and Free Will.Ezio Di Nucci - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (5):725-734.
    Abstract I argue that the empirical literature on priming effects does not warrant nor suggest the conclusion, drawn by prominent psychologists such as J. A. Bargh, that we have no free will or less free will than we might think. I focus on a particular experiment by Bargh ? the ?elderly? stereotype case in which subjects that have been primed with words that remind them of the stereotype of the elderly walk on average slower out of the experiment?s room (...)
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  2. Semantic Priming: Perspectives From Memory and Word Recognition.Timothy P. McNamara - 2005 - Psychology Press.
    Semantic priming has been a focus of research in the cognitive sciences for more than 30 years and is commonly used as a tool for investigating other aspects of perception and cognition, such as word recognition, language comprehension, and knowledge representations. Semantic Priming: Perspectives from Memory and Word Recognition examines empirical and theoretical advancements in the understanding of semantic priming, providing a succinct, in-depth review of this important phenomenon, framed in terms of models of memory and models (...)
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  3. Prime Time (for the Basing Relation).Kurt Sylvan & Errol Lord - forthcoming - In J. Adam Carter & Patrick Bondy (eds.), Well Founded Belief: New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation.
    It is often assumed that believing that p for a normative reason consists in nothing more than (i) believing that p for a reason and (ii) that reason’s corresponding to a normative reason to believe that p, where (i) and (ii) are independent factors. This is the Composite View. In this paper, we argue against the Composite View on extensional and theoretical grounds. We advocate an alternative that we call the Prime View. On this view, believing for a normative reason (...)
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  4. Semantics: Primes and Universals.Anna Wierzbicka - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    Conceptual primitives and semantic universals are the cornerstones of a semantic theory which Anna Wierzbicka has been developing for many years. Semantics: Primes and Universals is a major synthesis of her work, presenting a full and systematic exposition of that theory in a non-technical and readable way. It delineates a full set of universal concepts, as they have emerged from large-scale investigations across a wide range of languages undertaken by the author and her colleagues. On the basis of empirical cross-linguistic (...)
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  5.  27
    Semantic Priming and Retrieval From Lexical Memory: Roles of Inhibitionless Spreading Activation and Limited-Capacity Attention.James H. Neely - 1977 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 106 (3):226-254.
  6. Priming with and Without Awareness.J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle - 1984 - Perception and Psychophysics 36:387-95.
  7. Unconscious Priming Eliminates Automatic Binding of Colour and Alphanumeric Form in Synaesthesia.Jason B. Mattingley, Anina N. Rich, Greg Yelland & John L. Bradshaw - 2001 - Nature 410 (6828):580-582.
  8.  64
    Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production.Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.
    What mechanisms underlie children’s language production? Structural priming—the repetition of sentence structure across utterances—is an important measure of the developing production system. We propose its mechanism in children is the same as may underlie analogical reasoning: structure-mapping. Under this view, structural priming is the result of making an analogy between utterances, such that children map semantic and syntactic structure from previous to future utterances. Because the ability to map relationally complex structures develops with age, younger children are less (...)
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  9. Optimus Prime: Paraphrasing Prime Number Talk.Jonathan Tallant - 2013 - Synthese 190 (12):2065-2083.
    Baker (Mind 114:223–238, 2005; Brit J Philos Sci 60:611–633, 2009) has recently defended what he calls the “enhanced” version of the indispensability argument for mathematical Platonism. In this paper I demonstrate that the nominalist can respond to Baker’s argument. First, I outline Baker’s argument in more detail before providing a nominalistically acceptable paraphrase of prime-number talk. Second, I argue that, for the nominalist, mathematical language is used to express physical facts about the world. In endorsing this line I follow moves (...)
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  10.  7
    God’s Prime Directive: Non-Interference and Why There Is No (Viable) Free Will Defense.David Kyle Johnson - 2022 - Religions 13 (9).
    In a recent book and article, James Sterba has argued that there is no free will defense. It is the purpose of this article to show that, in the most technical sense, he is wrong. There is a version of the free will defense that can solve what Sterba (rightly) takes to be the most interesting and severe version of the logical problem of moral evil. However, I will also argue that, in effect (or, we might say, in practice), Sterba (...)
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  11.  41
    Unconscious Priming by Color and Form: Different Processes and Levels.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen & Jian Chen - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):138-157.
    Using a metacontrast masking paradigm, prior studies have shown that a target’s color information and form information, can be processed without awareness and that unconscious color processing occurs at early, wavelength-dependent levels in the cortical information processing hierarchy. Here we used a combination of paracontrast and metacontrast masking techniques to explore unconscious color and form priming effects produced by blue, green, and neutral stimuli. We found that color priming in normal observers is significantly reduced when an additional paracontrast (...)
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  12.  33
    Relational Priming Based on a Multiplicative Schema for Whole Numbers and Fractions.Melissa DeWolf, Ji Y. Son, Miriam Bassok & Keith J. Holyoak - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (8):2053-2088.
    Why might it be beneficial for adults to process fractions componentially? Recent research has shown that college-educated adults can capitalize on the bipartite structure of the fraction notation, performing more successfully with fractions than with decimals in relational tasks, notably analogical reasoning. This study examined patterns of relational priming for problems with fractions in a task that required arithmetic computations. College students were asked to judge whether or not multiplication equations involving fractions were correct. Some equations served as structurally (...)
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  13.  46
    Subliminal Priming of Actions Influences Sense of Control Over Effects of Action.Dorit Wenke, Stephen M. Fleming & Patrick Haggard - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):26-38.
  14.  27
    On Priming by a Sentence Context.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):1-36.
  15.  19
    The Priming Method: Imaging Unconscious Repetition Priming Reveals an Abstract Representation of Number in the Parietal Lobes.Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene - 2001 - Cerebral Cortex 11 (10):966-974.
  16.  40
    Unconscious Priming According to Multiple s-R Rules.Andrea Kiesel, Wilfried Kunde & Joachim Hoffmann - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):89-105.
  17.  21
    Priming Without Awareness: What Was All the Fuss About?Keith E. Stanovich & Dean G. Purcell - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):47-48.
  18. Is Priming During Anesthesia Unconscious?Catherine Deeprose & Jackie Andrade - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):1-23.
    General anesthesia provides an alternative to typical laboratory paradigms for investigating implicit learning. We assess the evidence that a simple type of learning—priming—can occur without consciousness. Although priming has been shown to be a small but persistent phenomenon in surgical patients there is reason to question whether it occurs implicitly due to problems in detecting awareness using typical clinical signs. This paper reviews the published studies on priming during anesthesia that have included a measure of awareness or (...)
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  19.  28
    Priming of Semantic Classifications by Novel Subliminal Prime Words☆.Karl Christoph Klauer, Andreas B. Eder, Anthony G. Greenwald & Richard L. Abrams - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):63-83.
    Four experiments demonstrate category congruency priming by subliminal prime words that were never seen as targets in a valence-classification task and a gender-classification task . In Experiment 1, overlap in terms of word fragments of one or more letters between primes and targets of different valences was larger than between primes and targets of the same valence. In Experiments 2 and 3, the sets of prime words and target words were completely disjoint in terms of used letters. In Experiment (...)
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  20. Affective Priming: Findings and Theories.Karl Christoph Klauer, Jochen Musch, J. Musch & K. C. Klauer - 2003 - In Jochen Musch & Karl C. Klauer (eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion. Lawerence Erlbaum.
  21.  67
    Money Priming Can Change People’s Thoughts, Feelings, Motivations, and Behaviors: An Update on 10 Years of Experiments.Kathleen D. Vohs - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (4):e86-e93.
  22.  38
    Semantic Priming Revealed by Mouse Movement Trajectories.Kunchen Xiao & Takashi Yamauchi - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 27:42-52.
  23.  45
    Visuospatial Priming of the Mental Number Line.Ivilin Stoianov, Peter Kramer, Carlo Umiltà & Marco Zorzi - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):770-779.
    It has been argued that numbers are spatially organized along a "mental number line" that facilitates left-hand responses to small numbers, and right-hand responses to large numbers. We hypothesized that whenever the representations of visual and numerical space are concurrently activated, interactions can occur between them, before response selection. A spatial prime is processed faster than a numerical target, and consistent with our hypothesis, we found that such a spatial prime affects non-spatial, verbal responses more when the prime follows a (...)
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  24. Prime Matter in Aristotle.H. M. Robinson - 1974 - Phronesis 19 (1):168-188.
  25.  18
    Prime Theory: An Integrated View of Motivation and Emotion.Ross Buck - 1985 - Psychological Review 92 (3):389-413.
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  26.  5
    Pitting Prime Minister Cues with Party Cues in a Multiparty System: A Survey Experiment in Japan.Tomoya Yokoyama & Tetsuro Kobayashi - 2019 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 20 (2):93-106.
    Motivated by a previous finding that single-party cues have no effect in Japan and by the increasing ‘presidentialization’ of Japanese politics, the present study examined whether the use of prime minister cues in place of single-party cues helps Japanese voters form policy preferences. In addition, to probe the effect of party cues that are unique to multiparty systems, the effect of multiple-party cues, which indicate that a policy is supported by multiple rather than single ideologically distinct parties, was investigated. The (...)
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  27. Prime Cuts and the Method of Recombination.David-Hillel Ruben - 2022 - Episteme 19 (1):21-30.
    Whether some condition is equivalent to a conjunction of some conditions has been a major issue in analytic philosophy. Examples include: knowledge, acting freely, causation, and justice. Philosophers have striven to offer analyses of these, and other concepts, by showing them equivalent to such a conjunction. Timothy Williamson offers a number of arguments for the idea that knowledge is ‘prime’, hence not equivalent to or composed by some such conjunction. I focus on one of his arguments: the requirement that such (...)
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  28. Primeness, Internalism and Explanatory Generality.Bernard Molyneux - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 135 (2):255 - 277.
    Williamson (2000) [Knowledge and its Limits, Oxford: Oxford University Press] argues that attempts to substitute narrow mental states or narrow/environmental composites for broad and factive mental states will result in poorer explanations of behavior. I resist Williamson.
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  29.  10
    Comprehension Priming as Rational Expectation for Repetition: Evidence From Syntactic Processing.Mark Myslín & Roger Levy - 2016 - Cognition 147:29-56.
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  30.  20
    Structural Priming and the Representation of Language.Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  31.  23
    Priming Reveals Differential Coding of Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Quantities.Chantal Roggeman, Tom Verguts & Wim Fias - 2007 - Cognition 105 (2):380-394.
  32. Prime Causation. [REVIEW]Stephen Yablo - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):459–467.
    No one doubts that mental states can be wide. Why should this seem to prevent them from causing behavior? Tim points to an "internalist line of thought".
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  33.  16
    Priming Determinist Beliefs Diminishes Implicit Components of Self-Agency.Margaret T. Lynn, Paul S. Muhle-Karbe, Henk Aarts & Marcel Brass - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  34. Prime Number Selection of Cycles in a Predator‐Prey Model.Eric Goles, Oliver Schulz & Mario Markus - 2001 - Complexity 6 (4):33-38.
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  35.  21
    Semantic Priming Without Awareness: Some Methodological Considerations and Implications.S. M. Kemp-Wheeler & A. B. Hill - 1988 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 40.
  36.  20
    Prime and Probability: Causal Knowledge Affects Inferential and Predictive Effects on Self-Agency Experiences.Anouk van der Weiden, Henk Aarts & Kirsten I. Ruys - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1865-1871.
    Experiences of having caused a certain outcome may arise from motor predictions based on action–outcome probabilities and causal inferences based on pre-activated outcome representations. However, when and how both indicators combine to affect such self-agency experiences is still unclear. Based on previous research on prediction and inference effects on self-agency, we propose that their contribution crucially depends on whether people have knowledge about the causal relation between actions and outcomes that is relevant to subsequent self-agency experiences. Therefore, we manipulated causal (...)
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  37.  31
    Evaluative Priming From Subliminal Emotional Words: Insights From Event-Related Potentials and Individual Differences Related to Anxiety.Henning Gibbons - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):383-400.
    The present ERP study investigated effects of subliminal emotional words on preference judgments about subsequent visual target stimuli . Each target was preceded by a masked 17-ms emotional adjective. Four classes of prime words were distinguished according to the combinations of positive/negative valence and high/low arousal. Targets were liked significantly more after positive-arousing primes , relative to negative-arousing , positive-nonarousing , and negative-nonarousing primes . In the target ERP, amplitude of right-hemisphere positive slow wave was increased after positive-arousing compared to (...)
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  38.  59
    Priming of Actions Increases Sense of Control Over Unexpected Outcomes.Nura Sidarus, Valérian Chambon & Patrick Haggard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1403-1411.
  39.  5
    Advertising Primed: How Professional Identity Affects Moral Reasoning.Erin Schauster, Patrick Ferrucci, Edson Tandoc & Tara Walker - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 171 (1):175-187.
    Moral reasoning among media professionals varies. Historically, advertising professionals score lower on the Defining Issues Test than their media colleagues in journalism and public relations. However, the extent to which professional identity impacts media professionals’ moral reasoning has yet to be examined. To understand how professional identity influences moral reasoning, if at all, and guided by theories of moral psychology and social identity, 134 advertising practitioners working in the USA participated in an online experiment. While professional identity was not a (...)
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  40.  13
    Priming Effects Under Correct Change Detection and Change Blindness.Corrado Caudek & Fulvio Domini - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):290-305.
    In three experiments, we investigated the priming effects induced by an image change on a successive animate/inanimate decision task. We studied both perceptual and conceptual priming effects, under correct change detection and change blindness . Under correct change detection, we found larger positive priming effects on congruent trials for probes representing animate entities than for probes representing artifactual objects. Under CB, we found performance impairment relative to a “no-change” baseline condition. This inhibition effect induced by CB was (...)
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  41.  43
    Is Prime Matter Energy?David S. Oderberg - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-17.
    This paper tests the following hypothesis: that the prime matter of classical Aristotelian-Scholastic metaphysics is numerically identical to energy. Is P=E? After outlining the classical Aristotelian concept of prime matter, I provide the master argument for it based on the phenomenon of substantial change. I then outline what we know about energy as a scientific concept, including its role and application in some key fields. Next, I consider the arguments in favour of prime matter being identical to energy, followed by (...)
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  42. The Prime Imperatives Priorities in Education.Alexander Israel Wittenberg - 1968 - Clarke, Irwin.
     
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  43.  26
    Priming Children’s Use of Intentions in Moral Judgement with Metacognitive Training.Katarina Gvozdic, Sylvain Moutier, Emmanuel Dupoux & Marine Buon - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  44.  13
    Priming Autobiographical Memories: How Recalling the Past May Affect Everyday Forms of Autobiographical Remembering.John H. Mace & Emma P. Petersen - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103018.
  45.  25
    Syntactic Priming in Language Production.M. Pickering - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (4):136-141.
  46.  12
    Syntactic Priming of Relative Clause Attachments: Persistence of Structural Configuration in Sentence Production.Christoph Scheepers - 2003 - Cognition 89 (3):179-205.
  47.  70
    Bounding Prime Models.Barbara F. Csima, Denis R. Hirschfeldt, Julia F. Knight & Robert I. Soare - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (4):1117 - 1142.
    A set X is prime bounding if for every complete atomic decidable (CAD) theory T there is a prime model U of T decidable in X. It is easy to see that $X = 0\prime$ is prime bounding. Denisov claimed that every $X <_{T} 0\prime$ is not prime bounding, but we discovered this to be incorrect. Here we give the correct characterization that the prime bounding sets $X \leq_{T} 0\prime$ are exactly the sets which are not $low_2$ . Recall that (...)
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  48. Prime Matter and Actuality.Christopher Byrne - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (2):197-224.
    In the context of Aristotle's metaphysics and natural philosophy, 'prime matter' refers to that material cause which is both the proximate material cause of the four sublunary elements and the ultimate material cause of all perishable substances. On the traditional view, prime matter is pure potentiality, without any determinate nature of its own. Against this view, I argue that prime matter must be physical, extended, and movable matter if it is to fulfil its role as the substratum persisting through the (...)
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  49.  23
    Can Priming Cooperation Increase Public Good Contributions?Michalis Drouvelis, Robert Metcalfe & Nattavudh Powdthavee - 2015 - Theory and Decision 79 (3):479-492.
    We investigate the effect of priming on pro-social behaviour in a setting where there is a clear financial incentive to free ride. By activating the concept of cooperation among randomly selected individuals, we explore whether it is possible to positively influence people’s voluntary contributions to the public good. Our findings indicate that cooperative priming increases contributions in a one-shot public goods game from approximately 25–36 % compared with the non-primed group. The results call for further explorations of the (...)
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  50.  37
    Subliminal Priming of Intentional Inhibition.Jim Parkinson & Patrick Haggard - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):255-265.
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