Results for 'Presupposition (Logic '

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  1. Presuppositions, Logic, and Dynamics of Belief.Slavko Brkic - 2004 - Prolegomena 3 (2):151-177.
    In researching presuppositions dealing with logic and dynamic of belief we distinguish two related parts. The first part refers to presuppositions and logic, which is not necessarily involved with intentional operators. We are primarily concerned with classical, free and presuppositonal logic. Here, we practice a well known Strawson’s approach to the problem of presupposition in relation to classical logic. Further on in this work, free logic is used, especially Van Fraassen’s research of the role (...)
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  2.  25
    Two systems of presupposition logic.Lloyd Humberstone & J. M. Bell - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18 (3):321-339.
  3. Two systems of presupposition logic.I. L. Humberstone - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18:321.
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  4.  68
    Presuppositions for Logic.Joseph Agassi - 1982 - The Monist 65 (4):465-480.
    Positivists identify science and certainty and in the name of the utter rationality of science deny that it rests on speculative presuppositions. The Logical Positivists took a step further and tried to show such presuppositions really no presuppositions at all but rather poorly worded sentences. Rules of sentence formation, however, rest on the presuppositions about the nature of language. This makes us unable to determine the status of mathematics, which is these days particularly irksome since this question is now-since Abraham (...)
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  5.  44
    Theoretical Logic in Sociology: Positivism, presuppositions, and current controversies.Jeffrey C. Alexander - 1982 - University of California Press, C1982-1982.
  6. Presuppositions: Supervaluations and Free Logic.B. C. van Fraassen - 1969 - In K. Lambert (ed.), The Logical Way of Doing Things. Yale University Press. pp. 67-92.
     
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  7.  47
    Presupposition in Natural Logic.Edward L. Keenan - 1973 - The Monist 57 (3):344-370.
    We consider the logical form of a natural language sentence to be a formal object which determines both the logical properties of the sentence and, more generally, the ways the sentence is logically related to other sentences. Thus if some NL sentence logically entails another, this fact must follow, given the logical forms of the two sentences. The power of a theory of logical forms of natural language then lies first in what logical properties and relations it can define, and (...)
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  8.  72
    Presupposition Projection and Logical Equivalence.Daniel Rothschild - 2008 - Noûs 42 (1):473 - 497.
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  9.  20
    Presupposition projection and logical equivalence.Daniel Rothschild - 2008 - Philosophical Perspectives 22 (1):473-497.
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  10.  55
    Logic as a Universal Medium or Logic as a Calculus? Husserl and the Presuppositions of “the Ultimate Presupposition of Twentieth Century Philosophy”.Mirja Hartimo - 2006 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (4):569-580.
    This paper discusses Jean van Heijenoort’s (1967) and Jaakko and Merrill B. Hintikka’s (1986, 1997) distinction between logic as auniversal language and logic as a calculus, and its applicability to Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology. Although it is argued that Husserl’s phenomenology shares characteristics with both sides, his view of logic is closer to the model-theoretical, logic-as-calculus view. However, Husserl’s philosophy as transcendental philosophy is closer to the universalist view. This paper suggests that Husserl’s position shows that holding (...)
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  11.  58
    Presupposition and two-dimensional logic.Merrie Bergmann - 1981 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (1):27 - 53.
  12. The Logical Presuppositions of Questions and Answers.Edward L. Keenan & Robert D. Hull - 1973 - In J’Anos S. Petöfi & Dorothea Franck (eds.), Präsuppositionen in Philosophie Und Linguistik - Presuppositions in Philosophy and Linguistics. Ahtenäum. pp. 441--466.
  13.  17
    Religious Presuppositions of Logic and Rationality.Alberto Leopoldo Batista Neto - 1970 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 23 (1):5-57.
    There is a crisis in philosophical rationality today—in which modern logicisimplicated—thatcanbetracedtotheabandonmentofacommonbackground of principles. The situation has no parallel within the pre-modern tradition, which not only admits of such principles, but also refers them back to a set of assumptions grounded in a clearly religious frame of mind. Modern conceptions of rationality claim complete independence from religious sources, as from tradition more generally, and typically end up disposing of first principles altogether. The result is a fragmentation of reason, which can be (...)
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  14.  73
    Presupposition and Classical Logical Relations.G. Nehrlich - 1967 - Analysis 27 (3):104 - 106.
  15.  11
    Semantic presuppositions in logical syntax.Yaroslav Kokhan - 2012 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (1-2):29-41.
    There are two implicit semantic postulates underlying modern predicate logic. Hence predicate logic is not semantically neutral. The author proposes to take semantically neutral languages, which have no predicate categorial structure but replace the notion of predicate with general notion of function. Some function calculi for different semantics are demonstrated.
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  16.  51
    Presupposition and foundational asymmetry in metaphysics and logic.Dale Jacquette - 1989 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):15-22.
  17. Presuppositions of classical logic. Presuppositions of classical physics.Paul Weingartner - 2011 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 47 (4):85-102.
     
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  18. The Logic of Presupposition.John Frederic Post - 1968 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
     
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  19. Sortal Presupposition: A Study of Category Mistakes, Their Logic, and Importance.John Neil Martin - 1973 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
     
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  20. Strawsonian presuppositions and logical entailment.Jacek Malinowski - 2004 - Logique Et Analyse 185 (47):123-138.
  21.  2
    "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", Volume 1: "Positivism, Presuppositions, and Current Controversies" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):77.
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  22.  1
    Religious Presuppositions of Logic and Rationality.Alberto Leopoldo Batista Neto - 1970 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 23 (1):5-57.
    There is a crisis in philosophical rationality today—in which modern logic is implicated—that can be traced to the abandonment of a common background of principles. The situation has no parallel within the pre-modern tradition, which not only admits of such principles, but also refers them back to a set of assumptions grounded in a clearly religious frame of mind. Modern conceptions of rationality claim complete independence from religious sources, as from tradition more generally, and typically end up disposing of (...)
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  23.  16
    The presupposition question in Hegel's logic.E. B. McGilvary - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6 (5):497-520.
  24.  15
    Presuppositions and Pronouns.Bart Geurts - 1999 - Elsevier.
    In this volume, Geurts takes discourse representation theory (DRT), and turns it into a unified account of anaphora and presupposition, which he applies not only to the standard problem cases but also to the interpretation of modal expressions, attitude reports, and proper names. The resulting theory, for all its simplicity, is without doubt the most comprehensive of its kind to date. The central idea underlying Geurts' 'binding theory' of presupposition is that anaphora is just a special case of (...)
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  25.  5
    Presuppositions and Non-Truth-Conditional Semantics.Deirdre Wilson - 1975 - Academic Press.
  26.  52
    Presupposition and the Delimitation of Semantics.Ruth M. Kempson - 1975 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  27.  42
    On the logic of presupposition.Nicholas Rescher - 1960 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (4):521-527.
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  28.  9
    Completeness Theorems for Some Presupposition-Free Logics.H. Leblanc & R. H. Thomason - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (2):424-425.
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  29.  27
    The existential presuppositions of Aristotle's logic.William Jacobs - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (4):419 - 428.
  30.  19
    Book Reviews : Theoretical Logic in Sociology, Volume 1: Positivism, Presuppositions, and Current Controversies. BY JEFFREY C. ALEXANDER. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982. Pp. 234. $25.00 cloth. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):77-82.
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  31. Remarks on presupposition, truth, and modality in supervaluational logic.Wolfgang Sternefeld - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (85):31.
     
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  32.  31
    Book Review:Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 1: Positivism, Presuppositions, and Current Controversies. Jeffrey Alexander; Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 2: The Antinomies of Classical Thought: Marx and Durkheim. Jeffrey Alexander ; Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 3: The Classical Attempt at Theoretical Synthesis: Max Weber. Jeffrey Alexander; Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 4: The Modern Reconstruction of Classical Thought: Talcott Parsons. Jeffrey Alexander. [REVIEW]Karol Sołtan - 1985 - Ethics 95 (4):951-.
  33.  8
    Presupposition and Implicature in Compositional Semantics.Uli Sauerland & Penka Stateva (eds.) - 2007 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    All humans can interpret sentences of their native language quickly and without effort. Working from the perspective of generative grammar, the contributors investigate three mental mechanisms, widely assumed to underlie this ability: compositional semantics, implicature computation and presupposition computation. This volume brings together experts from semantics and pragmatics to bring forward the study of interconnections between these three mechanisms. The contributions develop new insights into important empirical phenomena; for example, approximation, free choice, accommodation, and exhaustivity effects.
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  34. On the Semantics of Presupposition and Negation: An Essay in Philosophical Logic and the Foundations of Linguistics.Jay David Atlas - 1976 - Dissertation, Princeton University
  35. A note on deviant logic and presupposition.Oliver Leaman - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (85):49.
     
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  36.  1
    Presupposition & Transcendental Inference.Humphrey Palmer - 1985 - London, England: St. Martin's.
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  37.  9
    A three-valued free logic for presuppositional languages.Robert J. Cosgrove - 1980 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 21 (3):549-571.
  38. The Philosophical Presuppositions of Mathematical Logic.Harold R. Smart - 1927 - Humana Mente 2 (6):261-263.
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  39.  30
    The Completeness of Presupposition‐Free Tense Logic.Robert F. Barnes & Raymond D. Gumb - 1979 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 25 (13‐18):193-208.
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  40.  22
    The Philosophical Presuppositions of Mathematical Logic.C. I. Lewis - 1926 - Journal of Philosophy 23 (8):220-222.
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  41. Maximize Presupposition and Gricean reasoning.Philippe Schlenker - 2012 - Natural Language Semantics 20 (4):391-429.
    Recent semantic research has made increasing use of a principle, Maximize Presupposition, which requires that under certain circumstances the strongest possible presupposition be marked. This principle is generally taken to be irreducible to standard Gricean reasoning because the forms that are in competition have the same assertive content. We suggest, however, that Maximize Presupposition might be reducible to the theory of scalar implicatures. (i)First, we consider a special case: the speaker utters a sentence with a presupposition (...)
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  42.  14
    The Philosophical Presuppositions of Mathematical Logic. By Harold R. Smart, M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor in Philosophy, Cornell University. [REVIEW]R. B. Braithwaite - 1927 - Philosophy 2 (6):261.
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  43.  4
    The Philosophical Presuppositions of Mathematical Logic.Henry Bradford Smith - 1926 - Philosophical Review 35:293.
  44. Knowledge and Presuppositions.Michael Blome-Tillmann - 2014 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Michael Blome-Tillmann presents an innovative account of epistemic contextualism, based on the idea that pragmatic presuppositions play a central role in the semantics of knowledge attributions. He shows how the theory can resolve sceptical paradoxes and puzzles, and illuminate concerns central to epistemology and philosophy of language.
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  45.  4
    The Completeness of Presupposition-Free Tense Logic.Robert F. Barnes & Raymond D. Gumb - 1979 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 25 (13-18):193-208.
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  46. Presupposition and the a priori.Nate Charlow - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):509-526.
    This paper argues for and explores the implications of the following epistemological principle for knowability a priori (with 'Ka' abbreviating 'it is knowable a priori that'). -/- (AK) For all ϕ, ψ such that ϕ semantically presupposes ψ: if Ka(ϕ), Ka(ψ). -/- Well-known arguments for the contingent a priori and a priori knowledge of logical truth founder when the semantic presuppositions of the putative items of knowledge are made explicit. Likewise, certain kinds of analytic truth turn out to carry semantic (...)
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  47. Dynamics of Meaning: Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar.Gennaro Chierchia - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    In The Dynamics of Meaning , Gennaro Chierchia tackles central issues in dynamic semantics and extends the general framework. Chapter 1 introduces the notion of dynamic semantics and discusses in detail the phenomena that have been used to motivate it, such as "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification. The second chapter explores in greater depth the interpretation of indefinites and issues related to presuppositions of uniqueness and the "E-type strategy." In Chapter 3, Chierchia extends the dynamic approach to the domain (...)
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  48.  93
    Predicting the presuppositions of soft triggers.Márta Abrusán - 2011 - Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):491-535.
    The central idea behind this paper is that presuppositions of soft triggers arise from the way our attention structures the informational content of a sentence. Some aspects of the information conveyed are such that we pay attention to them by default, even in the absence of contextual information. On the other hand, contextual cues or conversational goals can divert attention to types of information that we would not pay attention to by default. Either way, whatever we do not pay attention (...)
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  49.  11
    Presupposition.Presuppositions and Non-Truth-Conditional Semantics.David E. Cooper - 1974 - Mouton.
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  50. Présuppositions linguistiques et enjeux philosophiques des paralogismes liés à la forme de l’expression dans les Réfutations sophistiques d’Aristote.Leone Gazziero - 2016 - In Béatrice Godart-Wendling & Layla Raïd (eds.), B. Godart-Wendling et L. Raïd (éd.), A la recherche de la présupposition, London, Iste Editions, 2016. London: Iste. pp. 33-52.
    Pour des raisons essentiellement liées à la vocation des textes où la notion de présupposition a fait son apparition, c’est la présupposition d’existence qui s’est imposée la première à l’attention des philosophes du langage. Elle a également déterminé l’orientation des débats en les focalisant sur quelques problèmes traditionnels, au premier chef desquels le problème de l’absence de référence de certaines expressions et celui des imperfections du langage naturel. Contrairement aux noms propres et aux descriptions définies, les termes qui signifient des (...)
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