Results for 'Positivism '

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Dream, our post-positivist burden.Positivist Comte’S. - 2010 - In Dean Moyar (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Nineteenth Century Philosophy. Routledge.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Logical Positivism.Alfred Jules Ayer (ed.) - 1959 - Greenwood Press.
    Edited by a leading exponent of the school, this book offers--in the words of the movement's founders--logical positivism's revolutionary theories on meaning and metaphysics, the nature of logic and mathematics, the foundations of knowledge ...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   90 citations  
  3.  28
    Logical Positivism.Oswald Hanfling - 1981 - Columbia University Press.
    This book is a compact, accessible treatment of the main ideas advanced by the positivists, including Schlick, Carnap, Ayer, and the early Wittgenstein. Oswald Hanfling discusses such ideas as the 'verification principle' ('the meaning of this statement is the method of its verification') and the 'elimination of metaphysics, ' an attempt to show that metaphysical statements, for example about God, are unverifiable and therefore meaningless.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  4. Legal Positivism and the Moral Origins of Legal Systems.Emad Atiq - forthcoming - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence.
    Legal positivists maintain that the legality of a rule is fundamentally determined by social facts. Yet for much of legal history, ordinary officials used legal terminology in ways that seem inconsistent with positivism. Judges regularly cited, analyzed, and predicated their decisions on the ‘laws of justice’ which they claimed had universal legal import. This practice, though well-documented by historians, has received surprisingly little philosophical attention; I argue that it invites explanation from positivists. After taxonomizing the positivist’s explanatory options, I (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  5
    The Positivist Dispute in German Sociology.Theodor W. Adorno - 1976 - New York: Heinemann Educational Books.
  6.  5
    Beyond Positivism.Bruce Caldwell - 2014 - Routledge.
    Since its publication in 1982, _Beyond Positivism _has become established as one of the definitive statements on economic methodology. The book’s rejection of positivism and its advocacy of pluralism were to have a profound influence in the flowering of work methodology that has taken place in economics in the decade since its publication. This edition contains a new preface outlining the major developments in the area since the book’s first appearance. The book provides the first comprehensive treatment of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  7. Judging positivism.Margaret Martin - 2014 - Oxford: Hart Publishing.
    Judging Positivism is a critical exploration of the method and substance of legal positivism. Margaret Martin is primarily concerned with the manner in which theorists who adopt the dominant positivist paradigm ask a limited set of questions and offer an equally limited set of answers, artificially circumscribing the field of legal philosophy in the process. The book focuses primarily but not exclusively on the writings of prominent legal positivist, Joseph Raz. Martin argues that Raz's theory has changed over (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Positivism And The Inseparability Of Law And Morals.Leslie Green - 2008 - New York University Law Review 83:1035--1058.
    This is the penultimate draft of a paper originally presented at the Hart-Fuller at 50 conference, held at the NYU Law School in February 2008. A revised version will appear in the NYU Law Review. The paper seeks to clarify and assess HLA Hart's famous claim that legal positivism somehow involves a 'separation of law and morals.' The paper contends that Hart's 'separability thesis should not be confused with the 'social thesis,' with the 'sources thesis,' or with a methodological (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  9. Beyond Positivism and Relativism: Theory, Method, and Evidence.Larry Laudan - 1996 - Westview Press.
    By targeting and critiquing these assumptions, he lays the groundwork for a post-positivist philosophy of science that does not provide aid and comfort to the enemies of reason. This book consists of thirteen essays.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   77 citations  
  10. Positivism in Action: The Case of Louis Rougier.Fons Dewulf & Massimiliano Simons - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (2).
    In this paper, we investigate how the life and work of Louis Rougier relate to the broader political dimension of logical empiricist philosophy. We focus on three practical projects of Rougier in the 1930s and 1940s. First, his attempts to integrate French-speaking philosophers into an international network of scientific philosophers by organizing two Unity of Science conferences in Paris. Second, his role in the renewal of liberalism through the organization of the Walter Lippmann Colloquium. Third, Rougier’s attempts at political negotiations (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Non-Positivism and Encountering a Weakened Necessity of the Separation between Law and Morality – Reflections on the Debate between Robert Alexy and Joseph Raz.Wei Feng - 2019 - Archiv Für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie, Beiheft 158:305-334.
    Nearly thirty years ago, Robert Alexy in his book The Concept and Validity of Law as well as in other early articles raised non-positivistic arguments in the Continental European tradition against legal positivism in general, which was assumed to be held by, among others, John Austin, Hans Kelsen and H.L.A. Hart. The core thesis of legal positivism that was being discussed among contemporary German jurists, just as with their Anglo- American counterparts, is the claim that there is no (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  54
    Legal Positivism in American Jurisprudence.Anthony J. Sebok - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book represents a serious and philosophically sophisticated guide to modern American legal theory, demonstrating that legal positivism has been a misunderstood and underappreciated perspective through most of twentieth-century American legal thought. Anthony Sebok traces the roots of positivism through the first half of the twentieth century, and rejects the view that one must adopt some version of natural law theory in order to recognize moral principles in the law. On the contrary, once one corrects for the mistakes (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  13. Logical Positivism and Carnap's Confirmability on the Meaningfulness of Religious Language.Alberto Oya - 2018 - Espíritu 67 (155):243-249.
    Due to their acceptance of the verifiability principle, the only way left for logical positivists to argue for the meaningfulness of religious language was to accept some sort of emotivistic conception of it or to reduce it to the description of religious attitude. The verifiability principle, however, suffers from some severe limitations that make it inadequate as a criterion for cognitive meaning. To resolve these problems, logical positivists gave up the requirement of conclusive verifiability and defended a sort of ‘liberalization’ (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Neo-positivist metaphysics.Alyssa Ney - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (1):53-78.
    Some philosophers argue that many contemporary debates in metaphysics are “illegitimate,” “shallow,” or “trivial,” and that “contemporary analytic metaphysics, a professional activity engaged in by some extremely intelligent and morally serious people, fails to qualify as part of the enlightened pursuit of objective truth, and should be discontinued” (Ladyman and Ross, Every thing must go: Metaphysics naturalized , 2007 ). Many of these critics are explicit about their sympathies with Rudolf Carnap and his circle, calling themselves ‘neo-positivists’ or ‘neo-Carnapians.’ Yet (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  15. Reconsidering Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and 30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. This collection will be mandatory reading for any philosopher (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   210 citations  
  16. Hartian positivism and normative facts : How facts make law II.Mark Greenberg - 2006 - In Scott Hershovitz (ed.), Exploring Law's Empire: The Jurisprudence of Ronald Dworkin. Oxford University Press.
    In this paper, I deploy an argument that I have developed in a number of recent papers in the service of three projects. First, I show that the most influential version of legal positivism – that associated with H.L.A. Hart – fails. The argument’s engine is a requirement that a constitutive account of legal facts must meet. According to this rational-relation requirement, it is not enough for a constitutive account of legal facts to specify non-legal facts that modally determine (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  17.  52
    Positivist Philosophy From Hume to the Vienna Circle.Leszek Kołakowski - 1972 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
  18.  1
    Beyond Positivism, Behaviorism, and Neoinstitutionalism in Economics.Deirdre Nansen McCloskey - 2022
    Introduction The Argument in Brief -- Economics Is in Scientific Trouble -- An Antique, Unethical, and Badly Measured Behaviorism Doesn't Yield Good Economic Science or Good Politics -- Economics Needs to Get Serious about Measuring the Economy -- The Number of Unmeasured "Imperfections" Is Embarrassingly Long -- Historical Economics Can Measure Them, Showing Them to Be Small -- The Worst of Orthodox Positivism Lacks Ethics and Measurement -- Neoinstitutionalism Shares in the Troubles -- Even the Best of Neoinstitutionalism Lacks (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  2
    Legal Positivism.Mario Jori (ed.) - 1992 - New York University Press.
    The aim of this collection of essays on legal positivism is to complete the already easily available English material on this subject. This is not a collection of writings by legal positivists, but about legal positivism.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  77
    Auguste Comte and Positivism.John Stuart Mill - 1961 - [Ann Arbor]University of Michigan Press.
    FOE, some time much has been said, in England and on the Continent, concerning " Positivism " and " the Positive Philosophy." Those phrases, which during ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  21. Logical Positivism.R. Carnap - 1959 - Free Press.
  22. Beyond Positivism and Relativism.Larry Laudan - 1998 - Mind 107 (425):233-235.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   65 citations  
  23. “Logical Positivism”—“Logical Empiricism”: What's in a Name?Thomas Uebel - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (1):58-99.
    Do the terms “logical positivism” and “logical empiricism” mark a philosophically real and significant distinction? There is, of course, no doubt that the first term designates the group of philosophers known as the Vienna Circle, headed by Moritz Schlick and including Rudolf Carnap, Herbert Feigl, Philipp Frank, Hans Hahn, Otto Neurath, Friedrich Waismann and others. What is debatable, however, is whether the name “logical positivism” correctly distinguishes their doctrines from related ones called “logical empiricism” that emerged from the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  24.  1
    Positivist Thought in France During the Second Empire, 1852-1870.Donald Geoffrey Charlton - 1959 - Greenwood Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  43
    Woodger, positivism, and the evolutionary synthesis.Joe Cain - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):535-551.
    In Unifying Biology, Smocovitis offers a series of claimsregarding the relationship between key actors in the synthesisperiod of evolutionary studies and positivism, especially claimsentailing Joseph Henry Woodger and the Unity of Science Movement.This commentary examines Woodger''s possible relevance to key synthesis actors and challenges Smocovitis'' arguments for theexplanatory relevance of logical positivism, and positivism moregenerally, to synthesis history. Under scrutiny, these arguments areshort on evidence and subject to substantial conceptual confusion.Though plausible, Smocovitis'' minimal interpretation – that somegeneralised (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  26. Legal positivism.Jules L. Coleman & Brian Leiter - 1996 - In Dennis M. Patterson (ed.), A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory. Blackwell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  27.  46
    A Positivist Route for Explaining How Facts Make Law.David Plunkett - 2012 - Legal Theory 18 (2):139-207.
    In “How Facts Make Law” and other recent work, Mark Greenberg argues that legal positivists cannot develop a viable constitutive account of law that meets what he calls the “the rational-relation requirement.” He argues that this gives us reason to reject positivism in favor of antipositivism. In this paper, I argue that Greenberg is wrong: positivists can in fact develop a viable constitutive account of law that meets the rational-relation requirement. I make this argument in two stages. First, I (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  28. From Positivism to ‘Anti-Positivism’ in Mexico: Some Notable Continuities.Alexander Stehn - 2012 - In Gregory Gilson & Irving Levinson (eds.), Latin American Positivism: New Historical and Philosophic Essays. Lexington Books. pp. 49.
    A general consensus has emerged in the scholarship on Latin American thought dating from the latter half of the nineteenth century through the first quarter of the twentieth. Latin American intellectuals widely adapted the European philosophy of positivism in keeping with the demands of their own social and political contexts, effectively making positivism the second most important philosophical tradition in the history of Latin America, after scholasticism. However, as thinkers across Latin America faced the challenges of the twentieth (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Legal positivism and 'explaining' normativity and authority.Brian Bix - 2006 - American Philosophical Association Newsletter 5 (2 (Spring 2006)):5-9.
    It has become increasingly common for legal positivist theorists to claim that the primary objective of legal theory in general, and legal positivism in particular, is "explaining normativity." The phrase "explaining normativity" can be understood either ambitiously or more modestly. The more modest meaning is an analytical exploration of what is meant by legal or moral obligation, or by the authority claims of legal officials. When the term is understood ambitiously - as meaning an explanation of how conventional and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  30.  72
    Logical Positivism, Pragmatism and Scientific Empiricism.Charles William Morris - 1937 - American Mathematical Society.
  31.  32
    Positivism and the Pragmatic Theory of Observation.Thomas Oberdan - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:25 - 37.
    The purpose of this paper is to undermine Paul Feyerabend's claim, which is crucial to the success of his analysis of Positivism, that the Pragmatic Theory of Observation was first developed by Rudolf Carnap in his early discussions of protocol sentences. Rather, it will be argued that Carnap's conception of protocols was founded on considerations drawn from his conception of language so that Carnap's reasons for endorsing certain aspects of the Pragmatic Theory are nothing like Feyerabend's. Moreover, Carnap never (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  32. Legal Positivism and the Moral Aim Thesis.David Plunkett - 2013 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (3):563-605.
    According to Scott Shapiro’s Moral Aim Thesis, it is an essential feature of the law that it has a moral aim. In short, for Shapiro, this means that the law has the constitutive aim of providing morally good solutions to morally significant social problems in cases where other, less formal ways of guiding the activity of agents won’t work. In this article, I argue that legal positivists should reject the Moral Aim Thesis. In short, I argue that although there are (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  33. Logical positivism and the mind-body problem.Jaegwon Kim - 2003 - In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical & Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  34. Introduction. Positivism and its others in the social sciences.George Steinmetz - 2005 - In The Politics of Method in the Human Sciences: Positivism and its Epistemological Others. Duke University Press. pp. 1--56.
  35. Logical Positivism and its Legacy Bryan Magee Talked to A.J. Ayer.Bryan Magee, A. J. Ayer & British Broadcasting Corporation - 1976 - British Broadcasting Coproration.
  36. Beyond Positivism and Relativism: Theory, Method, and Evidence.Larry Laudan - 1998 - Philosophy 73 (283):136-139.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  37.  65
    Positivism and Constructivism, Truth and 'Truth'.Jim Mackenzie - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (5):534-546.
    This paper is concerned with the reversal in meaning of the word positivism, which has come to mean ‘theory which assumes the existence of a world beyond our ideas’ whereas once it meant ‘theory which is agnostic about the existence of a world beyond our ideas', and with educational writers’ persistent mistakes in using quotation marks, as a consequence of this reversal.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Inclusive Legal Positivism.Wilfrid J. Waluchow - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    This book develops a general philosophical theory about the nature of law and its relationship with morality called inclusive legal positivism. In addition to articulating and defending his own version of legal positivism, which is a refinement and development of the views of H.L.A. Hart as expressed in his classic book The Concept of Law, the author clarifies the terms of current jurisprudential debates about the nature of law. These debates are often clouded by failures to appreciate that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  39. Beyond Positivism and Relativism: Theory, Method, and Evidence.Larry Laudan - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):447-454.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  40.  92
    Legal positivism: Still descriptive and morally neutral.Andrei Marmor - 2006 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 26 (4):683-704.
    It has become increasingly popular to argue that legal positivism is actually a normative theory, and that it cannot be purely descriptive and morally neutral as H.L.A. Hart has suggested. This article purports to disprove this line of thought. It argues that legal positivism is best understood as a descriptive, morally neutral, theory about the nature of law. The article distinguishes between five possible views about the relations between normative claims and legal positivism, arguing that some of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  41.  25
    Positivism in Mexico.Leopoldo Zea - 1974 - Austin, University of Texas Press.
  42. Logical Positivism and Analysis.L. Susan Stebbing - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44:605.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  43.  1
    Positivism and Christianity: A Study of Theism and Verifiability.Kenneth H. Klein - 1974 - M. Nijhoff.
    This essay is conceived as a critical exposition of the central issues that figure in the ongoing conversation between Logical Positivists and neo Positivists on the one hand and Christian apologists on the other. My expository aim is to isolate and to describe the main issues that have emer ged in the extended discussion between men of Positivistic turn of mind and men sympathetic to the claims of Christianity. My critical aim is to select typical, influential stands that have been (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Positivism and realism.M. Schlick - 1948 - Synthese 7 (1):478 - 505.
  45. Legal Positivism: 5½ Myths.John Gardner - 2001 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 46 (1):199-227.
  46. Logical Positivism and its Legacy Dialogue with A. J. Ayer [Offprint].Bryan Magee & A. J. Ayer - 1982
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Logical Positivism and American Education.Cornelius L. Maloney - 1951 - Washington: Catholic University of America Press.
  48. In Defense of Legal Positivism: Law Without Trimmings.Matthew H. Kramer - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is an uncompromising defense of legal positivism that insists on the separability of law and morality. After distinguishing among three facets of morality, Kramer explores a variety of ways in which law has been perceived as integrally connected to each of those facets. The book concludes with a detailed discussion of the obligation to obey the law--a discussion that highlights the strengths of legal positivism in the domain of political philosophy as much as in the domain (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  49.  32
    European Positivism in the Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):592-593.
    As the author shows, intellectual history is very different from the history of philosophy; but one wonders if the two kinds of history matter to each other. The author's complete lack of philosophical concerns may, of course, be a virtue, but it is also restrictive and self-defeating. Nevertheless, the book may well stand as the authoritative treatment of the history of Comte's positivism—an idea which, Simon declares at the outset, had little to recommend it but which did manage to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Logical positivism.Bertrand Russell - 1950 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4 (11):3-19.
1 — 50 / 1000