Results for 'Piotr ��ukowski'

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  1.  10
    Piotr Łukowski , Paradoxes , Tr. Marek Gensler. Reviewed By.Zach Weber - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (4):307-309.
  2. Immanuel Kant na Wydziale Teologicznym w Poznaniu. Odczyty i wykłady: Piotr Łukowski: Logika wypowiedzi niezgodnych z uznawanymi faktami.Ks Krzysztof Śnieżyński - 2004 - Ruch Filozoficzny 3 (3).
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  3. Paradoksy.Piotr Łukowski - 2006 - Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.
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  4.  1
    Paradoxes.Piotr Łukowski - 2011 - Dordrecht and New York: Springer.
    This book, provides a critical approach to all major logical paradoxes: from ancient to contemporary ones. There are four key aims of the book: 1. Providing systematic and historical survey of different approaches – solutions of the most prominent paradoxes discussed in the logical and philosophical literature. 2. Introducing original solutions of major paradoxes like: Liar paradox, Protagoras paradox, an unexpected examination paradox, stone paradox, crocodile, Newcomb paradox. 3. Explaining the far-reaching significance of paradoxes of vagueness and change for philosophy (...)
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  5.  20
    A Deductive-Reductive Form of Logic: General Theory and Intuitionistic Case.Piotr Łukowski - 2002 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 10:59.
    The paper deals with reconstruction of the unique reductivecounterpart of the deductive logic. The procedure results in the deductivereductive form of logic. This extension is illustrated on the base of intuitionistic logics: Heyting’s, Brouwerian and Heyting-Brouwer’s ones.
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  6.  19
    Psychophysiological Approach to the Liar Paradox: Jean Buridan’s Virtual Entailment Principle Put to the Test.Konrad Rudnicki & Piotr Łukowski - 2019 - Synthese 198 (S22):5573-5592.
    This article presents an empirical examination of the consequences of the virtual entailment principle proposed by Jean Buridan to resolve the Liar paradox. This principle states that every sentence in natural language implicitly asserts its own truth. Adopting this principle means that the Liar sentence is not paradoxical but false, because its content is contradictory to what is virtually implied. As a result, humans should perceive the Liar sentence the same way as any other false sentence. This solution to the (...)
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  7.  40
    Is Human Reasoning Really Nonmonotonic?Piotr Łukowski - 2013 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 22 (1):63-73.
    It seems that nonmonotonicity of our reasoning is an obvious truth. Almost every logician not even believes, but simply knows very well that a human being thinks in a nonmonotonic way. Moreover, a nonmonotonicity of thinking seems to be a phenomenon parallel to the existence of human beings. Examples allegedly illustrating this phenomenon are not even analyzed today. They are simply quoted. Nowadays, this is a standard approach to nonmonotonicity. However, even simple analysis of those “obvious” examples shows that they (...)
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  8. The Nature of Intuitionistic Possibility.Piotr Ukowski - 1997 - Logica Trianguli 1:33-57.
    On the base of the classical logic the connectives of necessity and possibility have the equivalent positions in this sense that each of them is definable by the other one. The consequence of this fact is the possibility to define of the both modalities using the connective of identity. Thus, the connective of propositional identity defining the congruence of the propositional language has become the base of the reconstruction of necessity operator in some modal systems. Already in 1957 Greniewski [9] (...)
     
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  9. Analiza dwóch paradoksów starożytnych: Euathlosa oraz krokodyla.Piotr Łukowski - 2003 - Principia 34.
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  10. Epistemiczna rola logiki fałszu.Piotr Łukowski - 2006 - Filozofia Nauki 3.
    The idea of belief revision is strictly connected with the notion of contraction given by the set of postulates formulated by Alchourrón, Gärdenfors and Makinson. In the present paper expansion and contraction are defined by Tarski's consequence relation and Tarski-like elimination relation. The logic of falsehood (i.e. a logic dual in Wójcicki's sense to the given logic of truth) plays a key role for defining the elimination relation. A decision of adding or refusing of some sentences is arbitrary and depends (...)
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  11. Paradoks kamienia.Piotr Łukowski - 2001 - Principia.
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  12. Sprawozdanie z Trzeciego Światowego Kongresu Parakonsystencji (III World Congress on Paraconsistency) IRIT - Tuluza, Francja 28-31 lipca 2003. [REVIEW]Piotr Łukowski - 2004 - Ruch Filozoficzny 1 (1).
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  13. Wizyta Hiroakiry Ono w Łodzi.Piotr Łukowski - 2008 - Ruch Filozoficzny 65 (2).
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  14. Zdania Kłamcy I Prawdomówcy W Klasycznych Logikach Prawdy Oraz Fałszu.Piotr Łukowski - 2014 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 9 (4).
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  15.  11
    A "Distributive" or a "Collective" Approach to Sentences?Piotr Łukowski - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1.
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  16.  28
    Either Epistemicism or Logic.Piotr Łukowski - 2008 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (4):329-351.
    Epistemicism seems to be the most dominating approach to vagueness in the recent twenty years. In the logical and philosophical tradition, e.g. Peirce, vagueness does not depend on human knowledge. Epistemicists deny this fact and contend that vagueness is merely the result of our imperfect mind, our dearth of knowledge, sort of phantom, finally, that it simply does not exist. In my opinion, such a stance not only excludes vagueness comprehended in terms of human knowledge, but which is worse, stems (...)
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  17. The Law of Excluded Middle and Intuitionistic Logic.Piotr Ukowski - 1998 - Logica Trianguli 2:73-86.
    This paper is a proposal of continuation of the work of C. Rauszer. The logic of falsehood created by her may constitute the starting point for construction of logic formalising reductive reasonings. The extension of Heyting-Brouwer logic to its deductive-reductive form sheds new light upon those classical tautologies which are rejected in intuitionism. It turns out that among HBtautologies there can be found all the classical ones. Some of them are characteristic for deductive reasoning and they are accepted by intuitionism. (...)
     
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  18.  6
    Contentual Approach to Negation1.Piotr Ł Łukowski - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):47-60.
    Interpretations of logics with only truth-functional connectives create a number of problems regarding the understanding of interpreted sentences. A particular problem is caused by the understanding of a sentence that is the negation of another. What is the meaning of sentence ¬p, for a particular sentence p? Even when we know what the semantic correlate of the sentence p is, we still do not know how to understand the semantic correlate of the sentence ¬p. The standard algebraic approach does not (...)
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  19.  14
    Logical Problems with Nonmonotonicity.Piotr Łukowski - 2014 - Logic and Logical Philosophy (2):171-188.
    A few years ago, believing that human thinking is nonmonotonic, I tried to reconstruct a nonmonotonic reasoning by application of two monotonic procedures. I called them “step forward” and “step backward” . The first procedure is just a consequence operation responsible for an extension of the set of beliefs. The second one, defined on the base of the logic of falsehood reconstructed for the given logic of truthfulness, is responsible for a reduction of the set of beliefs. Both procedures taken (...)
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  20. Kognitywna interpretacja operacji zdefiniowanych w trzech konstrukcjach Davida Makinsona.Piotr Łukowski & Patrycja Maciaszek - 2013 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 87 (3):103-118.
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  21.  4
    Content Implication and the Yablo’s Sequent of Sentences.Piotr Łukowski - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1.
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  22.  25
    A Deductive-Reductive Form of Logic: Intuitionistic S4 Modalities.Piotr Łukowski - 2002 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 10:79.
    The paper is a continuation of A deductive-reductive form oflogic: general theory and intuitionistic case and considers the problem of definability of modal operators on the intuitionistic base. Contrary tothe classical case, it seems that the fact whether the connective is Heyting’sor Brouwerian is essential for the intuitionistic logic. The connective of possibility has the classical interpretation, i.e. w |= ✸α iff ∃t, if it is defined on the base of the logicwith Brouwerian connective of coimplication.
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  23. Logiczna analiza operacji zdefiniowanych w trzech konstrukcjach Davida Makinsona.Piotr Łukowski - 2013 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 86 (2):231-252.
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  24.  2
    Wspomnienie - Piotr K. Stengert.Piotr Stengert - 2011 - Etyka 44:99-100.
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  25.  21
    The Letter From Piotr Jaroszewicz, Chairman of the Council of Ministers.Piotr Jaroszewicz - 1976 - Dialectics and Humanism 3 (2):5-5.
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  26.  40
    What Are the Limits of Mathematical Explanation? Interview with Charles McCarty by Piotr Urbańczyk.David Charles McCarty & Piotr Urbańczyk - 2016 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 60:119-137.
    An interview with Charles McCarty by Piotr Urbańczyk concerning mathematical explanation.
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  27.  25
    Tadeusz Kotarbiński's Action Theory - Reinterpretive Studies.Piotr Tomasz Makowski - 2017 - New York, USA: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The book introduces Tadeusz Kotarbiński’s philosophy of action into the mainstream of contemporary action-theoretical debates. Piotr Makowski shows that Kotarbiński–Alfred Tarski’s teacher and one of the most important philosophers of the renowned Lvov-Warsaw school—proposed a groundbreaking, original, and (in at least a few respects) still fresh perspective in action theorizing. The book examines and develops Kotarbiński’s ideas in the context of the most recent discussions in the philosophy of action. The main idea behind Kotarbiński’s action theory—and thus, behind this (...)
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  28. Between Language and Consciousness: Linguistic Qualia, Awareness, and Cognitive Models.Piotr Konderak - 2017 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 48 (1):285-302.
    The main goal of the paper is to present a putative role of consciousness in language capacity. The paper contrasts the two approaches characteristic for cognitive semiotics and cognitive science. Language is treated as a mental phenomenon and a cognitive faculty. The analysis of language activity is based on the Chalmers’ distinction between the two forms of consciousness: phenomenal and psychological. The approach is seen as an alternative to phenomenological analyses typical for cognitive semiotics. Further, a cognitive model of the (...)
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  29.  80
    Unification by Fiat: Arrested Development of Predictive Processing.Piotr Litwin & Marcin Miłkowski - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (7).
    Predictive processing (PP) has been repeatedly presented as a unificatory account of perception, action, and cognition. In this paper, we argue that this is premature: As a unifying theory, PP fails to deliver general, simple, homogeneous, and systematic explanations. By examining its current trajectory of development, we conclude that PP remains only loosely connected both to its computational framework and to its hypothetical biological underpinnings, which makes its fundamentals unclear. Instead of offering explanations that refer to the same set of (...)
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  30.  11
    Eye Movement Correlates of Expertise in Visual Arts.Piotr Francuz, Iwo Zaniewski, Paweł Augustynowicz, Natalia Kopiś & Tomasz Jankowski - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  31. Metaphysics or Ontology?Piotr Jaroszyński - 2018 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This volume treats the evolution of the object of metaphysics from being to the concept of being to, finally, the object. It examines metaphysics and ontology, and the history of these terms. It is relevant to scholars and philosophers.
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  32.  85
    Ten Misconceptions From the History of Analysis and Their Debunking.Piotr Błaszczyk, Mikhail G. Katz & David Sherry - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (1):43-74.
    The widespread idea that infinitesimals were “eliminated” by the “great triumvirate” of Cantor, Dedekind, and Weierstrass is refuted by an uninterrupted chain of work on infinitesimal-enriched number systems. The elimination claim is an oversimplification created by triumvirate followers, who tend to view the history of analysis as a pre-ordained march toward the radiant future of Weierstrassian epsilontics. In the present text, we document distortions of the history of analysis stemming from the triumvirate ideology of ontological minimalism, which identified the continuum (...)
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  33. Luck, Ignorance, and Moral Attitude.Piotr Machura - 2015 - Folia Philosophica 34:231--250.
    Public opinion has it that ethics should be concerned with studying and providing precise and reliable rules of conduct. This view is based in a long philosophical tradition which begins with the Stoics and continues at least to Kant; it is, however, a false view. There are good reasons to turn our attention to these aspects of moral thinking which refer to and emphasize the element of risk and uncertainty. In the article I briefly discuss two of such reasons: the (...)
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  34.  10
    Praxiology and the Reasons for Action.Piotr Makowski, Mateusz Bonecki & Krzysztof Nowak-Posadzy (eds.) - 2015 - Transaction Publishers.
    This volume explores two traditions in practical philosophy: action theory, which concerns the nature of motivation for human action, and praxiology, the study of human action. By bringing different perspectives together, the volume strives to contribute to the international debate on theories of reasons for action as a philosophy of action. The volume consists of three main parts. The first part, “Reasons for Action," bridges the gap between reasons for action theories and praxiology. The second part of the volume, titled (...)
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  35.  56
    Analogical Understanding of Divine Causality in Thomas Aquinas.Piotr Roszak - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (4):133-153.
    The article presents the question of understanding divine causality and its analogical character in the context of Thomas Aquinas’s teaching on Divine Providence. Analyzing Aquinas’s texts concerning the relation of God’s action towards nature and its activities it is necessary to emphasize the proper understanding of mutual relations between secondary causes and the primary cause which are not on the same level. Influenced by the reflection of M. Dodds and I Silva, the author of the article refers to Aquinas’s biblical (...)
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  36.  6
    The Reference of ‘God’: An Apophatic Perspective.Piotr Sikora - 2021 - Philosophia 50 (2):719-730.
    In this paper I examine Hugh Burling’s inspiring proposal that the reference of ‘God’ is determined by the description: ‘the being worthy of our worship’. I argue that a more detailed analysis of the notion of being worthy of our worship leads to the conclusion that the proposed description is paradoxical, and cannot fulfill the role Burling would like it to play in determining the reference of the term ‘God’. Subsequently, I provide several examples implying that being worthy of our (...)
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  37. The Hedonic Marking of Processing Fluency: Implications for Evaluative Judgment.Piotr Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz, Tetra Fazendeiro & Rolf Reber - 2003 - In Jochen Musch & Karl C. Klauer (eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion. Lawerence Erlbaum.
  38.  43
    Skrytość Boga i pobożna dekonstrukcja - czyli jak (nie) czytać Mikołaja z Kuzy.Piotr Sikora - 2019 - Diametros 59:61-72.
    In my paper I present a critique of Dorota Brylla’s interpretation of the dialogue by Nicholas of Cusa - De Deo abscondito, and a critique of her stance on apophatic theology. I consider Brylla’s position an exemplification of a more widespread philosophical point of view in terms of both the interpretation of Nicholas thought and the apophatic tradition as such. I also present an alternative reading of both his dialogue and apophatic theology. Finally, I point out some implications of adopting (...)
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  39. World View and Theory in Indian Philosophy.Piotr Balcerowicz (ed.) - 2012 - Manohar.
  40.  5
    Piotr Kropotkin i ewolucyjne źródła moralności.Maciej Drabiński - 2020 - Etyka 58 (2):26-49.
    Piotr Kropotkin był najważniejszym przedstawicielem tzw. darwinizmu rosyjskiego oraz teorii pomocy wzajemnej, która podkreślała znaczenie współpracy wewnątrzgatunkowej w procesie doboru naturalnego oraz walki o byt. Na jej kanwie rosyjski badacz wysunął tezę o ewolucyjnych źródłach moralności, będącej problem badawczym w niniejszym artykule. Stanowi to jednocześnie powód dlaczego poza przedstawieniem wspomnianej tezy i jej założeń, w publikacji zilustrowana została także teoria pomocy wzajemnej. Zaproponowana przez Kropotkina wizja moralności suponowała, iż stanowi ona „przyrodzoną” właściwość ludzkiej natury. Podstawę dla niej stanowić ma (...)
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  41.  15
    Fenomenologia a problem „w sobie” przedmiotu.Piotr Łaciak - 2019 - Diametros 62 (62):18-32.
    Autor prezentuje własną interpretację fenomenologicznej zagadki „w sobie” przedmiotu rzeczywistego i samego świata. Rozwiązanie tej zagadki ma rozstrzygające znaczenie dla właściwego zrozumienia fenomenologii transcendentalnej. Według Husserla, rzecz transcendentna jest „w sobie” w odniesieniu do faktycznego doświadczenia, ponieważ jej esse nie rozpływa się w percipi i może istnieć nawet wtedy, gdy nie jest faktycznie doświadczana. „W sobie” przedmiotu realnego nie oznacza jednak jego istnienia poza wszelkim możliwym sposobem dania w świadomości, ale jest idealną jednością daną w nieskończonej wielości rzeczywistych i możliwych (...)
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  42.  57
    Levels of Analysis in Philosophy, Religion, and Science.Piotr Bylica - 2015 - Zygon 50 (2):304-328.
    This article introduces a model of levels of analysis applied to statements found in philosophical, scientific, and religious discourses in order to facilitate a more accurate description of the relation between science and religion. The empirical levels prove to be the most crucial for the relation between science and religion, because they include statements that are important parts of both scientific and religious discourse, whereas statements from metaphysical levels are only important in terms of religion and are neutral in relation (...)
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  43.  81
    Unconscious Emotion.Piotr Winkielman & Kent C. Berridge - 2004 - Current Directions in Psychological Science 13 (3):120-123.
  44.  14
    On the Development of the Social-Linguistic Nexus in Discourse Research : A Critical Review.Piotr Cap - 2021 - Pragmatics and Society 12 (2):309-333.
    This paper gives a critical overview of analytical approaches dominating the field of discourse studies in the last three decades, from the perspective of their philosophical and formative bases: social constructionism and linguistics. It explores different conceptions of the theoretical nexus between these two bases leading to the emergence of three distinct yet complementary strands of thought. The paper starts with poststructuralist views of discourse salient in Laclau and Mouffe’s Discourse Theory. Laclau and Mouffe’s assumption that no discourse is a (...)
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  45. Credibilidad e identidad. En torno a la Teología de la Fe en Santo Tomás de Aquino.Piotr Roszak - 2014 - Pamplona: Eunsa.
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  46.  7
    Approximation and Hardness of Shift-Bribery.Piotr Faliszewski, Pasin Manurangsi & Krzysztof Sornat - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 298:103520.
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  47.  10
    Toward a History of Mathematics Focused on Procedures.Piotr Błaszczyk, Vladimir Kanovei, Karin U. Katz, Mikhail G. Katz, Semen S. Kutateladze & David Sherry - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (4):763-783.
    Abraham Robinson’s framework for modern infinitesimals was developed half a century ago. It enables a re-evaluation of the procedures of the pioneers of mathematical analysis. Their procedures have been often viewed through the lens of the success of the Weierstrassian foundations. We propose a view without passing through the lens, by means of proxies for such procedures in the modern theory of infinitesimals. The real accomplishments of calculus and analysis had been based primarily on the elaboration of novel techniques for (...)
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  48. The Philosophical Issue in Machine Consciousness.Piotr Boltuc - 2009 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 1 (1):155-176.
    The truly philosophical issue in machine conscioiusness is whether machines can have 'hard consciounsess'. Criteria for hard consciousness are higher than for phenomenal consciousness, since the latter incorporates first-person functional consciousness.
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  49. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations Into Proper Names.Piotr Stalmaszczyk & Luis Fernandez Moreno (eds.) - forthcoming - Peter Lang.
     
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  50.  3
    Philosophical Approaches to Proper Names.Piotr Stalmaszczyk & Luis Fernandez Moreno (eds.) - 2016 - Peter Lang.
    The articles in this collection focus on philosophical approaches to proper names. The issues discussed include abstract names, empty names, naming and name-using practices, definite descriptions, individuals, reference, designation, sense and semantics. The contributions show the importance and lasting influence of theories proposed by John Stuart Mill, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, Donald Davidson, and Saul Kripke. Individual chapters assess traditional analyses and modern controversies, and contribute to the debate on proper names in contemporary philosophy of language.
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