Results for 'Philippe Majersdorf'

981 found
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  1.  2
    De leidinggevende ambtenaren : bureaucraten of ideologen?Guido Dierickx & Philippe Majersdorf - 1992 - Res Publica 34 (1):53-73.
    The Belgian senior civil servants do have a political ideology which, with respect to coherence and constraint, is not inferior to that of the members of Parliament and, therefore, far superior to that of the common man. The first characteristic of this ideology is its centrism: senior civil servants tend to shun the extremes, especially the socio-economic extremes. A second characteristic is its bias toward the center-right. But the latter may be an effect of recruitment and promotion practices under the (...)
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  2. Expected utility theory, Jeffrey’s decision theory, and the paradoxes.Philippe Mongin & Jean Baccelli - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1):695-713.
    In Richard Bradley’s book, Decision Theory with a Human Face, we have selected two themes for discussion. The first is the Bolker-Jeffrey theory of decision, which the book uses throughout as a tool to reorganize the whole field of decision theory, and in particular to evaluate the extent to which expected utility theories may be normatively too demanding. The second theme is the redefinition strategy that can be used to defend EU theories against the Allais and Ellsberg paradoxes, a strategy (...)
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  3. "L’ancrage cosmique de la personne dans la pensée d’A.N. Whitehead".Philippe Gagnon - 2023 - Connaître : Cahiers de l'Association Foi Et Culture Scientifique 60:52-68.
    This is the outline: 1. Introduction : organicisme et personnalisme 2. Un effort pour philosopher sur tout 3. La théologie et la question de l’infra-substantiel 3.1 Un schème de pensée qui pose problème 3.2 Le statut de l’immortalité 4. Substance, personne et cosmos.
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  4. Fairness in Distributive Justice by 3- and 5-Year-Olds Across Seven Cultures.Philippe Rochat, Maria D. G. Dias, Guo Liping, Tanya Broesch, Claudia Passos-Ferreira, Ashley Winning & Britt Berg - 2009 - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 40 (3):416-442.
    This research investigates 3- and 5-year-olds' relative fairness in distributing small collections of even or odd numbers of more or less desirable candies, either with an adult experimenter or between two dolls. The authors compare more than 200 children from around the world, growing up in seven highly contrasted cultural and economic contexts, from rich and poor urban areas, to small-scale traditional and rural communities. Across cultures, young children tend to optimize their own gain, not showing many signs of self-sacrifice (...)
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  5. Exploratory concept formation and tool development in neuroscience.Philipp Haueis - 2023 - Philosophy of Science 90 (2):354 - 375.
    Developing tools is a crucial aspect of experimental practice, yet most discussions of scientific change traditionally emphasize theoretical over technological change. To elaborate on the role of tools in scientific change, I offer an account that shows how scientists use tools in exploratory experiments to form novel concepts. I apply this account to two cases in neuroscience and show how tool development and concept formation are often intertwined in episodes of tool-driven change. I support this view by proposing common normative (...)
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  6. Ownership reasoning in children across cultures.Philippe Rochat, Erin Robbins, Claudia Passos-Ferreira, Angela Donato Oliva, Maria D. G. Dias & Liping Guo - 2014 - Cognition 132 (3):471-484.
    To what extent do early intuitions about ownership depend on cultural and socio-economic circumstances? We investigated the question by testing reasoning about third party ownership conflicts in various groups of three- and five-year-old children (N = 176), growing up in seven highly contrasted social, economic, and cultural circumstances (urban rich, poor, very poor, rural poor, and traditional) spanning three continents. Each child was presented with a series of scripts involving two identical dolls fighting over an object of possession. The child (...)
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  7. "Que reste-t-il de la théologie à l'âge électronique ? Valeur et cybernétique axiologique chez Raymond Ruyer" [What is left of Theology in the Electronic Age? Value and Axiological Cybernetics in Raymond Ruyer].Philippe Gagnon - 2013 - In Chromatikon Ix: Annales de la Philosophie En Procès — Yearbook of Philosophy in Process, M. Weber & V. Berne. pp. 93-120.
    This is the outline: Introduction — La question de la cybernétique et de l'information — Une « pensée du milieu » — Cybernétique et homologie — Une théorie de l'apprentissage — L'information vue de l'autre côté — Champ et domaine unitaire — La thèse des « autres-je » — Le passage par l'axiologie — La rétroaction vraie — L'ontologie de Ruyer — Le bruissement de l'être même.
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  8. Die Unhintergehbarkeit der Reflexion in der anwendungsbezogenen Ethik – eine Positionsbestimmung in klugheitsethisch-topischer Perspektive.Philipp Richter - 2018 - In Uta Müller, Philipp Richter & Thomas Potthast (eds.), Abwägen und Anwenden: Zum ‚guten‘ Umgang mit ethischen Normen und Werten (Tübinger Studien zur Ethik 9). Tübingen, Germany: Narr Francke Attempto. pp. 27-54.
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  9. Does optimization imply rationality?Philippe Mongin - 2000 - Synthese 124 (1-2):73 - 111.
    The relations between rationality and optimization have been widely discussed in the wake of Herbert Simon's work, with the common conclusion that the rationality concept does not imply the optimization principle. The paper is partly concerned with adding evidence for this view, but its main, more challenging objective is to question the converse implication from optimization to rationality, which is accepted even by bounded rationality theorists. We discuss three topics in succession: (1) rationally defensible cyclical choices, (2) the revealed preference (...)
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  10. On the ethics of algorithmic decision-making in healthcare.Thomas Grote & Philipp Berens - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):205-211.
    In recent years, a plethora of high-profile scientific publications has been reporting about machine learning algorithms outperforming clinicians in medical diagnosis or treatment recommendations. This has spiked interest in deploying relevant algorithms with the aim of enhancing decision-making in healthcare. In this paper, we argue that instead of straightforwardly enhancing the decision-making capabilities of clinicians and healthcare institutions, deploying machines learning algorithms entails trade-offs at the epistemic and the normative level. Whereas involving machine learning might improve the accuracy of medical (...)
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  11. Implication et engagement: en hommage à Philippe Lucas.Philippe Fritsch & Lucas - 2000 - PUL.
    Qu'attendre des chercheurs en sciences sociales? Qu'ils fassent tout bonnement leur métier ou qu'à partir de leurs analyses ils s'impliquent dans les problèmes qui relèvent de leur compétence ou même qu'à partir de leur position de chercheur ils prennent publiquement position sur les grandes questions du jour? Ces alternatives sont loin d'épuiser le champ des possibles, mais les énoncer invite à s'interroger sur les rapports qu'entretiennent les travaux de recherche en sciences sociales avec les pratiques sociales qu'elles étudient. Ces questions (...)
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  12.  4
    Michel Foucault et le christianisme.Philippe Chevallier - 2011 - Lyon: ENS éditions.
    Des premiers rites baptismaux à la confession moderne, les références au christianisme sont constantes dans l'œuvre de Michel Foucault. Cette constance s'inscrit dans un questionnement philosophique plus large sur notre actualité : comprendre le rapport que nous avons aujourd'hui à nous-mêmes demande de s'interroger sur les actes de vérité que l'Occident a instaurés depuis les premiers siècles chrétiens. Que faut-il dire et manifester de soi pour être transformé dans son être, pardonné, sauvé, jugé ou guéri)? Ce livre propose une étude (...)
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  13.  12
    Bulletin d'exégèse de l'Ancien Testament écrits et époque postexilique.Philippe Abadie - 2002 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 2 (2):231-247.
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  14.  9
    Bulletin d'Ancien Testament III : Livres historiques et Écrits.Philippe Abadie - 2012 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 100 (3):429-443.
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  15.  13
    Bulletin d'Ancien Testament (I et II).Philippe Abadie & Olivier Artus - 2005 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 4 (4):571-596.
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  16.  19
    Le livre des Chroniques comme œuvre litteraire.Philippe Abadie - 2002 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 4 (4):525-553.
    Il est encore paradoxal de reconnaître aux livres des Chroniques le statut d'œuvre littéraire. Longtemps considéré comme de « piètre fiabilité » par rapport au récit parallèle des livres de Samuel et des Rois, ces livres apparaissent aussi sans originalité littéraire par rapport notamment à l'art consommé des récits des livres de Samuel. Dans le sillage de l'Art du récit biblique, de Robert Alter, Ph. Abadie tente de faire ressortir la richesse et la variété des procédés d'écriture qui font du (...)
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  17.  7
    Expérience philosophique et expérience mystique.Philippe Capelle (ed.) - 2005 - Paris: Cerf.
    La relation entre la philosophie et la mystique forme une question " à la limite ", que la fatalité a le plus souvent déclinée en une suite d'oppositions frontales : entre le rationnel et l'émotionnel, le logique et le pathologique, le discours et l'indicible... Depuis quelques années cependant, plusieurs motifs portent à reconsidérer cette relation singulière. Une somme d'informations sans précédent sur les diverses traditions mystiques, sur leurs variabilités historiques et géographiques est désormais accessible. En outre, la mystique est devenue (...)
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  18. "La pensée d’A.N. Whitehead et la dynamique du champ science et religion".Philippe Gagnon - forthcoming - Connaître : Cahiers de l'Association Foi Et Culture Scientifique.
    This is the outline: 1. Introduction – Quelques remarques sur Dieu 2. Science et religion vont-elles se rencontrer ? 3. Le conflit va-t-il tout emporter ? 4. Au coeur du problème : une version sclérosée du dogmatisme 5. Quelle posture pour la rencontre entre science et religion ? 6. Y a-t-il une synthèse à l’horizon ? À quelles conditions ?
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  19.  15
    Changements collectifs, continuité/discontinuité psychique.Philippe Robert - 2013 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 200 (2):27-36.
    La revue Dialogue a toujours tenté des ouvertures et des échanges épistémologiques. Chaque clinicien et chaque chercheur s’inscrit dans une filiation qui doit soutenir sa cohérence de pensée sans l’enfermer dans un dogmatisme. Tout en gardant sa référence princeps à l’Inconscient, l’analyse a évolué dans sa confrontation à l’extension de ses champs cliniques. Les couples et les familles ont eux-mêmes changé – tout du moins structurellement – en lien avec les modifications collectives. Tout ceci nécessite des échanges rigoureux ne devant (...)
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  20.  7
    Changements collectifs, continuité/discontinuité psychique.Philippe Robert - 2013 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 200 (2):27-36.
    La revue Dialogue a toujours tenté des ouvertures et des échanges épistémologiques. Chaque clinicien et chaque chercheur s’inscrit dans une filiation qui doit soutenir sa cohérence de pensée sans l’enfermer dans un dogmatisme. Tout en gardant sa référence princeps à l’Inconscient, l’analyse a évolué dans sa confrontation à l’extension de ses champs cliniques. Les couples et les familles ont eux-mêmes changé – tout du moins structurellement – en lien avec les modifications collectives. Tout ceci nécessite des échanges rigoureux ne devant (...)
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  21. Thomas Paine and Benjamin Franklin's French circle.Philipp Ziesche - 2013 - In Simon P. Newman & Peter S. Onuf (eds.), Paine and Jefferson in the Age of Revolutions. University of Virginia Press.
     
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  22.  6
    L'imagination est-elle vraiment la reine des facultés? Baudelaire entre Kant et Nietzsche.Philippe Choulet - 2024 - Philosophique 27 (27):9-29.
    Le drame de la psychologie des facultés Philosophiquement parlant, la division du travail entre les diverses facultés de l'esprit et leur hiérarchie sont déterminantes pour maintes théories de la connaissance et pour toute théorie de l'existence humaine. Récapitulons, sabre au clair et au risque de la caricature – car cette exposition schématique est sans nuance –, les thèses dominantes de l'histoire de la pensée à ce propos, ce qui permettra d'y situer Baudelaire. La notion même de “faculté”...
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  23. The Doctrinal Paradox, the Discursive Dilemma, and Logical Aggregation theory.Philippe Mongin - 2012 - Theory and Decision 73 (3):315-355.
    Judgment aggregation theory, or rather, as we conceive of it here, logical aggregation theory generalizes social choice theory by having the aggregation rule bear on judgments of all kinds instead of merely preference judgments. It derives from Kornhauser and Sager’s doctrinal paradox and List and Pettit’s discursive dilemma, two problems that we distinguish emphatically here. The current theory has developed from the discursive dilemma, rather than the doctrinal paradox, and the final objective of the paper is to give the latter (...)
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  24. Social Preference Under Twofold Uncertainty.Philippe Mongin & Marcus Pivato - forthcoming - Economic Theory.
    We investigate the conflict between the ex ante and ex post criteria of social welfare in a new framework of individual and social decisions, which distinguishes between two sources of uncertainty, here interpreted as an objective and a subjective source respectively. This framework makes it possible to endow the individuals and society not only with ex ante and ex post preferences, as is usually done, but also with interim preferences of two kinds, and correspondingly, to introduce interim forms of the (...)
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  25. The impartial observer theorem of social ethics.Philippe Mongin - 2001 - Economics and Philosophy 17 (2):147-179.
    Following a long-standing philosophical tradition, impartiality is a distinctive and determining feature of moral judgments, especially in matters of distributive justice. This broad ethical tradition was revived in welfare economics by Vickrey, and above all, Harsanyi, under the form of the so-called Impartial Observer Theorem. The paper offers an analytical reconstruction of this argument and a step-wise philosophical critique of its premisses. It eventually provides a new formal version of the theorem based on subjective probability.
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  26. Value Judgements and Value Neutrality in Economics.Philippe Mongin - 2006 - Economica 73 (290):257-286.
    The paper analyses economic evaluations by distinguishing evaluative statements from actual value judgments. From this basis, it compares four solutions to the value neutrality problem in economics. After rebutting the strong theses about neutrality (normative economics is illegitimate) and non-neutrality (the social sciences are value-impregnated), the paper settles the case between the weak neutrality thesis (common in welfare economics) and a novel, weak non-neutrality thesis that extends the realm of normative economics more widely than the other weak thesis does.
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  27. Bayesian Decision Theory and Stochastic Independence.Philippe Mongin - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (1):152-178.
    As stochastic independence is essential to the mathematical development of probability theory, it seems that any foundational work on probability should be able to account for this property. Bayesian decision theory appears to be wanting in this respect. Savage’s postulates on preferences under uncertainty entail a subjective expected utility representation, and this asserts only the existence and uniqueness of a subjective probability measure, regardless of its properties. What is missing is a preference condition corresponding to stochastic independence. To fill this (...)
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  28. Epistemic norms without voluntary control.Philippe Chuard & Nicholas Southwood - 2009 - Noûs 43 (4):599-632.
    William Alston’s argument against the deontological conception of epistemic justification is a classic—and much debated—piece of contemporary epistemology. At the heart of Alston’s argument, however, lies a very simple mistake which, surprisingly, appears to have gone unnoticed in the vast literature now devoted to the argument. After having shown why some of the standard responses to Alston’s argument don’t work, we elucidate the mistake and offer a hypothesis as to why it has escaped attention.
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  29. Temporal Experiences and Their Parts.Philippe Chuard - 2011 - Philosophers' Imprint 11.
    The paper develops an objection to the extensional model of time consciousness—the view that temporally extended events or processes, and their temporal properties, can be directly perceived as such. Importantly, following James, advocates of the extensional model typically insist that whole experiences of temporal relations between non-simultaneous events are distinct from mere successions of their temporal parts. This means, presumably, that there ought to be some feature(s) differentiating the former from the latter. I try to show why the extensional models (...)
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  30.  6
    Nietzsche et le diagnostic de “misarchisme” : le travail de sape du nihilisme.Philippe Choulet - 2022 - Philosophique 25 (25):117-131.
    La pensée de l’“inactuel” a beau planer au-dessus des eaux ou creuser ses galeries, elle n’en retentit pas moins parfois dans l’actualité, surgissant comme l’éclair divin ou l’éruption volcanique, révélant une violente vérité. C’est la rançon de l’intuition nietzschéenne de l’avenir qui concerne bien des problèmes, dont ce « misarchisme moderne » (« der moderne Misarchismus »), exposé en Généalogie de la morale, II, § 12. Sa logique se prouve par les symptômes du nihilisme. Misarchisme, en ef...
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  31.  3
    Le droit.Philippe Jestaz - 1992 - Paris: Dalloz.
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  32.  5
    Idée ou geste esthétique?Philippe Roy - 2022 - Philosophique 25 (25):39-55.
    L’objectif de cet article est de laisser entrevoir pourquoi et comment il est possible de faire pivoter une approche esthétique fondée sur des idées vers une autre fondée sur des gestes. Mon point de pivotement sera ce que Kant affirme et présuppose de l’idée esthétique et du geste (dont il ne parle que brièvement et latéralement). Il ne s’agira donc pas d’exposer l’esthétique kantienne mais plutôt faire ressortir pourquoi cette dernière ne peut donner une pleine existence au geste et ce (...)
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  33. Theories of uncertainty.Philippe Smets - 1998 - In Enrique H. Ruspini, Piero Patrone Bonissone & Witold Pedrycz (eds.), Handbook of fuzzy computation. Philadelphia: Institute of Physics.
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  34.  6
    Untersuchungen über die Grundfragen des Sprachlebens.Philipp Wegener - 1885 - Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Edited by E. F. K. Koerner.
    Newly edited by Konrad Koerner (University of Ottawa), with an introduction by Clemens Knobloch (Universitat Siegen)The importance of Wegener's Untersuchungen uber die Grundfragen des Sprachlebens can only be compared to that of Karl Buhler's Sprachtheorie. Even now, however, Wegener's work remains virtually unknown to the English speaking world. Wegener's main work was published in 1885. It has its origin in two lectures given in 1883 and 1884 at school teacher meetings held in the Magdeburg area and it still recalls those (...)
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  35.  26
    Archives and history Towards a history of 'the use of state archives' in the 19th century.Philipp Müller - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (4):27-49.
    This article probes the relationship between archives and history by examining the archive policy on historical research in the first modern administration state of the German lands, the kingdom of Bavaria. Given the continuing tradition of the theory and practice of the arcana imperii in the 19th century, state archives served first and foremost the state. As a result, researchers’ interest in archival material was to undergo an administrative vetting procedure, in order to safeguard the interests of the state. By (...)
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  36.  13
    Archives and history.Philipp Müller - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (4):27-49.
    This article probes the relationship between archives and history by examining the archive policy on historical research in the first modern administration state of the German lands, the kingdom of Bavaria. Given the continuing tradition of the theory and practice of the arcana imperii in the 19thcentury, state archives served first and foremost the state. As a result, researchers’ interest in archival material was to undergo an administrative vetting procedure, in order to safeguard the interests of the state. By examining (...)
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  37. A Game-Theoretic Analysis of the Waterloo Campaign and Some Comments on the Analytic Narrative Project.Philippe Mongin - 2018 - Cliometrica 12:451–480.
    The paper has a twofold aim. On the one hand, it provides what appears to be the first game-theoretic modeling of Napoleon’s last campaign, which ended dramatically on 18 June 1815 at Waterloo. It is specifically concerned with the decision Napoleon made on 17 June 1815 to detach part of his army against the Prussians he had defeated, though not destroyed, on 16 June at Ligny. Military historians agree that this decision was crucial but disagree about whether it was rational. (...)
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  38. Understanding Inner City Poverty: Resistance and Self Destruction under US Apartheid.Philippe Bourgois - 2002 - In Jeremy MacClancy (ed.), Exotic no more: anthropology on the front lines. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 15--32.
  39. Dire la vérité : dramatique du désir.Philippe Kaeppelin - 1983 - In François Bousquet (ed.), La Vérité. Paris: Beauchesne.
     
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  40. Trinität ist unser sein: Prolegomena der vergleichenden Religionsgeschichte.Wolfgang Philipp - 1983 - Hildesheim: Gerstenberg.
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  41.  2
    Théorie des conventions.Philippe Batifoulier & Guillemette de Larquier (eds.) - 2001 - Paris: Economica.
    On échange des cadeaux en fin d'année par convention. Ecrire de gauche à droite, rouler à droite ou encore s'arrêter lorsque le feu est rouge sont des conventions. Les conventions sont également mobilisées pour coordonner les individus d'un même groupe de travail, de façon à déterminer le moment et la durée de la pause, mais aussi leur niveau d'effort, comme " ne faire que x pièces à l'heure ", voire la façon dont ils sont rémunérés. Les conventions jouent ainsi un (...)
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  42. Experiential parts.Philippe Chuard - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
    Several disputes about the nature of experience operate under the assumption that experiences have parts, including temporal parts. There's the widely held view, when it comes to temporal experiences, that we should follow James' exhortation that such experiences aren't mere successions of their temporal parts, but something more. And there's the question of whether it is the parts of experiences which determine whole experiences and the properties they have, or whether the determination goes instead from the whole to the parts, (...)
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  43.  7
    Du bon usage du principe de précaution: réflexions et modes d'action.Philippe Kourilsky - 2002 - Paris: O. Jacob.
    Nucléaire, clonage, OGM, sang contaminé : sans cesse invoqué en matiére d'environnement, de santé, d'alimentation, le principe de précaution est l'objet de multiples controverses. De quoi s'agit-il? Trop de précaution ne risque-t-il pas de bloquer des avancées scientifiques ou techniques cruciales pour l'avenir? Une clarification était nécessaire. Car l'important aujourd'hui est de donner à ce principe un contenu positif, c'est-à -dire une définition assortie d'un mode d'emploi qui puisse être compris de tous et servir à tous. Philippe Kourilsky est (...)
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  44. Democratic agon: Striving for distinction or struggle against domination and injustice?Jean-Philippe-Deranty & Emmanuel Renault - 2008 - In Andrew Schaap (ed.), Law and Agonistic Politics. Ashgate Pub. Company.
     
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  45.  89
    Alternative axiomatics and complexity of deliberative stit theories.Philippe Balbiani, Andreas Herzig & Nicolas Troquard - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (4):387 - 406.
    We propose two alternatives to Xu’s axiomatization of Chellas’s STIT. The first one simplifies its presentation, and also provides an alternative axiomatization of the deliberative STIT. The second one starts from the idea that the historic necessity operator can be defined as an abbreviation of operators of agency, and can thus be eliminated from the logic of Chellas’s STIT. The second axiomatization also allows us to establish that the problem of deciding the satisfiability of a STIT formula without temporal operators (...)
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  46.  2
    Le livre du régime politique.Philippe Vallat - 2012 - Paris: Les Belles Lettres. Edited by Philippe Vallat.
    Farabi (ob 950), philosophe persan originaire des confins des mondes persan et turc (Transoxiane), vient s'établir à Bagdad vers la fin du IXe siècle. Il s'y convertit à la philosophie comme on entre en religion. Il quitte Bagdad en 942 pour s'établir la même année à Damas où il meurt huit ans plus tard. C'est là qu'il met le point final au Régime politique qui est son testament philosophique. Ce traité condense toute sa compréhension de Platon, d'Aristote et de la (...)
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  47. Wie lässt sich „das Philosophieren“ erkennen? Vom Problem einer empirisch-quantitativen Testung zum Erfordernis einer abduktiven Methodenlehre.Philipp Richter - 2017 - In Zwischen Präskription und Deskription – zum Selbstverständnis der Philosophiedidaktik. Leverkusen, Germany: pp. 51-75.
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  48.  58
    The Effects of Closed-Loop Medical Devices on the Autonomy and Accountability of Persons and Systems.Philipp Kellmeyer, Thomas Cochrane, Oliver Müller, Christine Mitchell, Tonio Ball, Joseph J. Fins & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (4):623-633.
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  49.  17
    From Viruses to Genes: Syncytins.Philippe Pérot, Pierre-Adrien Bolze & François Mallet - 2012 - In Witzany (ed.), Viruses: Essential Agents of Life. Springer. pp. 325--361.
  50. Thinking on Thinking.Philippe Schweizer - 2020 - International Journal of Neutrosophic Science (IJNS) 2 (2):63-71.
    Beyond the predominant paradigm of an essentially rational human cognition, based on the classical binary logic, we want to propose some reflections that are organized around the intuition that the representations we have of the world are weighted with appreciations, for example affective ones. resulting from our integration into a social environment. We see these connotations as essentially ternary in nature, depending on the concepts underlying neutrosophy: either positive, negative or neutral. This form of representation would then influence the very (...)
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