Results for 'Philippe Julien'

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Philippe Verreault-Julien
Eindhoven University of Technology
  1. How could models possibly provide how-possibly explanations?Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 73:1-12.
    One puzzle concerning highly idealized models is whether they explain. Some suggest they provide so-called ‘how-possibly explanations’. However, this raises an important question about the nature of how-possibly explanations, namely what distinguishes them from ‘normal’, or how-actually, explanations? I provide an account of how-possibly explanations that clarifies their nature in the context of solving the puzzle of model-based explanation. I argue that the modal notions of actuality and possibility provide the relevant dividing lines between how-possibly and how-actually explanations. Whereas how-possibly (...)
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  2. Non-causal understanding with economic models: the case of general equilibrium.Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2017 - Journal of Economic Methodology 24 (3):297-317.
    How can we use models to understand real phenomena if models misrepresent the very phenomena we seek to understand? Some accounts suggest that models may afford understanding by providing causal knowledge about phenomena via how-possibly explanations. However, general equilibrium models, for example, pose a challenge to this solution since their contribution appears to be purely mathematical results. Despite this, practitioners widely acknowledge that it improves our understanding of the world. I argue that the Arrow–Debreu model provides a mathematical how-possibly explanation (...)
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  3.  25
    Representing Non-actual Targets?Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (5):918-927.
    Models typically have actual, existing targets. However, some models are viewed as having non-actual targets. I argue that this interpretation comes at various costs and propose an alternative that fares better along two dimensions: (1) agreement with practice and (2) ontological and epistemological parsimony. My proposal is that many of these models actually have actual targets.
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  4. Understanding does not depend on (causal) explanation.Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (2):18.
    One can find in the literature two sets of views concerning the relationship between understanding and explanation: that one understands only if 1) one has knowledge of causes and 2) that knowledge is provided by an explanation. Taken together, these tenets characterize what I call the narrow knowledge account of understanding. While the first tenet has recently come under severe attack, the second has been more resistant to change. I argue that we have good reasons to reject it on the (...)
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  5.  12
    Toy models, dispositions, and the power to explain.Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2023 - Synthese 201 (5):1-17.
    Two recent contributions have discussed, and disagreed, over whether so-called toy models that attempt to represent dispositions have the power to explain. In this paper, I argue that neither of these positions is completely correct. Toy models may accurately represent, satisfy the veridicality condition, yet fail to provide how-actually explanations. This is because some dispositions remain unmanifested. Instead, the models provide how-possibly explanations; they _possibly_ explain.
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  6. A note on some fulus of narbonnaise.Philippe Senac, Sebastien Gasc, Julien Rebiere & Laurent Savarese - 2010 - Al-Qantara 31 (1):225 - 243.
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  7. Note sur quelques fulús de narbonnaise (première moitié du VIII siècle ): a note on some fulús of narbonnaise.Philippe Senac, Sébastien Gasc, Julien Rebière & Laurent Savarese - 2010 - Al-Qantara 31 (1):225-243.
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  8.  65
    Factive inferentialism and the puzzle of model-based explanation.Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10039-10057.
    Highly idealized models may serve various epistemic functions, notably explanation, in virtue of representing the world. Inferentialism provides a prima facie compelling characterization of what constitutes the representation relation. In this paper, I argue that what I call factive inferentialism does not provide a satisfactory solution to the puzzle of model-based—factive—explanation. In particular, I show that making explanatory counterfactual inferences is not a sufficient guide for accurate representation, factivity, or realism. I conclude by calling for a more explicit specification of (...)
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  9.  4
    La psychanalyse et le religieux: Freud, Jung,Lacan.Philippe Julien - 2008 - Paris: Cerf.
    Questionnement sur le rapport entre psychanalyse et religion. Sous l'angle historique, l'ouvrage étudie trois courants, Freud, Jung, Lacan, chacun à partir d'une origine familiale différente : juive, protestante, catholique. L'auteur en déduit que la religion n'existe pas, mais qu'il existe des religions particulières s'incarnant dans le psychisme humain.
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  10.  57
    Understanding with Models.Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2019 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 12 (1):133-136.
  11.  10
    Les explications partielles potentielles : entre capacités et possibilités.Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2010 - Ithaque 7:69-87.
    N. Emrah Aydinonat offre une caractérisation des explications par la main invisible. Celles-ci seraient des explications partielles potentielles et seraient en mesure de nous indiquer des capacités à l’œuvre dans le monde et élargiraient notre horizon intellectuel en conceptualisant des possibilités jusqu’alors inédites. Je montre que Nancy Cartwright offre un argument permettant de douter de cette première possibilité. La science économique n’ayant que peu de principes sûrs à sa disposition et reposant ainsi sur des hypothèses auxiliaires, il est impossible d’effectuer (...)
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  12.  13
    La théorie de l’évolution culturelle d’Hayek: reconstruction rationnelle.Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2010 - Revue Phares 10:147-167.
    Cet article reconstruit la théorie hayékienne de l’évolution culturelle tout en en montrant certaines limites et implications. Ce travail consiste ainsi en un effort de reconstruction et de synthèse. Pour ce faire, nous situerons en premier lieu la pensée hayékienne sur la toile de fond d’une réfexion sur les ordres spontanés et sur l’évolutionnisme. Nous effectuerons ensuite une distinction fondamentale entre règles de conduite et ordre d’actions du groupe. Nous analyserons fnalement les règles de conduite des individus en ayant recours (...)
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  13.  6
    Quel tarif pour la formation universitaire ?Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2010 - Revue Phares 10:91-102.
    La problématique sous-jacente au débat concernant la tarifcation de la formation universitaire3, souvent pas suffsamment explicite, n’est pas de savoir quel est le coût de la formation universitaire, mais plutôt par qui et comment le coût doit être assumé. Cette communication se proposera de répondre à cette question en faisant appel à deux principes normatifs principaux, soit l’effcacité et l’équité. Nous donnerons une défnition de l’effcacité et verrons en quoi celle-ci commande une intervention publique. Nous présenterons ensuite deux critères d’équité (...)
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  14. Le retour à Freud de Jacques Lacan. L'application au miroir.Philippe JULIEN - 1985
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  15. Surprise, surprise: KK is innocent.Julien Murzi, Leonie Eichhorn & Philipp Mayr - 2021 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):4-18.
    The Surprise Exam Paradox is well-known: a teacher announces that there will be a surprise exam the following week; the students argue by an intuitively sound reasoning that this is impossible; and yet they can be surprised by the teacher. We suggest that a solution can be found scattered in the literature, in part anticipated by Wright and Sudbury, informally developed by Sorensen, and more recently discussed, and dismissed, by Williamson. In a nutshell, the solution consists in realising that the (...)
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  16.  24
    Bernard Walliser's Comment raisonnent les économistes: les fonctions des modèles. Paris: Odile Jacob, 2011, 278 pp. [REVIEW]Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2012 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (2):144.
  17.  15
    Hamilton's rule: A non-causal explanation?Vaios Koliofotis & Philippe Verreault-Julien - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92 (C):109-118.
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  18. From Explanation to Recommendation: Ethical Standards for Algorithmic Recourse.Emily Sullivan & Philippe Verreault-Julien - forthcoming - Proceedings of the 2022 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society (AIES’22).
    People are increasingly subject to algorithmic decisions, and it is generally agreed that end-users should be provided an explanation or rationale for these decisions. There are different purposes that explanations can have, such as increasing user trust in the system or allowing users to contest the decision. One specific purpose that is gaining more traction is algorithmic recourse. We first pro- pose that recourse should be viewed as a recommendation problem, not an explanation problem. Then, we argue that the capability (...)
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  19.  13
    Assessing the Role of Shape and Label in the Misleading Packaging of Food Imitating Products: From Empirical Evidence to Policy Recommendation.Frédéric Basso, Julien Bouillé, Kévin Le Goff, Philippe Robert-Demontrond & Olivier Oullier - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  20.  36
    Apollonia d'Illyrie (Albanie).Pierre Cabanes, Faïk Drini, Jean-Luc Lamboley, Bashkim Vrekaj, Vasil Bereti, Séverine Épelly, Bashkim Lahi, Sabine Legrand, Marek Titien Olszewski, Iris Pojani-Dhamo, François Quantin, Philippe Lenhardt, Claire Balandier, Julien Espagne, Eric Fouache, Gjiovalin Gruda, Skënder Muçaj, Pal Nikolli, Lami Koço, Skënder Aliu, Vangjel Dimo, Jean-Claude Poursat, Annick Fenet, Bep Jubani, Guillaume Derrien, Marie Marquet, Arian Muçaj, Alexandre Rabot & Pëllumb Naipi - 1997 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 121 (2):848-870.
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  21.  20
    Apollonia d'Illyrie (Albanie).Pierre Cabanes, Bashkim Vrekaj, Jean-Luc Lamboley, Philippe Lenhardt, Claire Balandier, Guillaume Bonnet, Vangjel Dimo, Julien Espagne, Eric Fouache, Lami Koço, Skënder Muçaj, Pëllumb Naipi, Patrick Neury, Yann Pépin, Iris Pojani, François Quantin & Altin Skenderaj - 1999 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 123 (2):569-580.
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  22.  27
    Apollonia d'Illyrie (Albanie).Maria Gracia Amore, Claire Balandier, Pierre Cabanes, Neritan Ceka, Olivier Deslondes, Vangjel Dimo, Julien Espagne, Annick Fenet, Eric Fouache, Lami Koço, Jean-Luc Lamboley, Philippe Lenhardt, Skënder Muçaj, Jean-Claude Poursat, François Quantin, Rezart Spahia & Bashkim Vrekaj - 1995 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 119 (2):761-781.
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  23.  22
    Apollonia d'Illyrie (Albanie).Claire Balandier, Vasil Bereti, Pierre Cabanes, Jean-Marie Cuda, Vangjel Dimo, Séverine Épelly, Julien Espagne, Annick Fenet, Eric Fouache, Shpresa Gjongecaj, Jean-Luc Lamboley, Philippe Lenhardt, Skënder Muçaj, Pëllumb Naipi, Marek Titien Olszewski, Jean François Pastre, Yann Pépin, Olivier Picard, Iris Pojani, François Quantin, Lydie Rauzier, Elsa Villeneau & Bashkim Vrekaj - 1996 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 120 (2):971-993.
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  24.  24
    Une recherche citoyenne sur l’article 12 de la convention de l’ONU sur les droits des personnes handicapées.Benoit Eyraud, Arnaud Béal, Nacerdine Bezghiche, Stef Bonnot-Briey, Chantal Bruno, Erick Cattez, Jean-Philippe Cobbaut, Sylvie Daniel, Guillaume François, Julien Grard, Gael Klein, Michel Lalemant, Céline Lefebvre, Valérie Lemard, Jacques Lequien, Céline Letailleur, Claudine Levray, Marc Losson, Ana Marques, Bernard Meile, Nicolas Ordener, Mouna Romdhani, Nicolas Saenen, Sébastien Saetta, Iuliia Taran & Florie Vuattoux - 2021 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 15 (2):165-176.
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  25.  6
    Quelques ressorts discursifs et argumentatifs de la discrimination envers les femmes par le « savoir ». Éric Zemmour, les mots pour construire la haine.Julien Longhi - 2022 - Corela. Cognition, Représentation, Langage.
    Après la diffusion en intégralité, le samedi 28 septembre 2019, du discours d’Eric Zemmour à la « Convention de la droite », une large polémique est relayée, dans les médias et sur les réseaux sociaux, sur l’opportunité d’une telle diffusion. Le premier ministre Edouard Philippe a qualifié ces propos de « nauséabonds et profondément contraires à l’idée que nous nous faisons de la France et de la République ». Entre accusations et justifications, beaucoup reconnaissent que ce discours a posé (...)
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  26.  12
    Portfolio.Philippe Carta & Goetz - 2014 - 33.
    Les photos de ce portfolio ont été prises par Philippe Carta, Julien Goetz, Francis Guermann, Bernard Muscat et Michel Noirez. Projecteur et enrouleur 35 mm mobiles installés dans le vestibule de l’Opéra-Théâtre pour la projection de Moïse et Aaron – 24 mars 2011. Avant la projection de Moïse et Aaron, Jean-Marie Straub, debout face à l’écran de l’Opéra-Théâtre, vérifie la qualité de l’image et du son. François Narboni et Régine Palucci présentent Moïse et Aaron. A...
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  27.  6
    Soulier, Philippe: André Leroi-Gourhan (1911–1986). Une vie.Julien D’Huy - 2021 - Anthropos 116 (2):538-539.
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  28.  5
    Julien Fournier , Philippes, de la préhistoire à Byzance. Études dʼarchéologie et dʼhistoire, Athen 2016 , 291 S., zahlr. Abb., ISBN 978-2-86958-280-4 , € 60,–Philippes, de la préhistoire à Byzance. Études dʼarchéologie et dʼhistoire. [REVIEW]Frank Daubner - 2019 - Klio 101 (2):763-765.
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  29. The erotetic theory of reasoning: Bridges between formal semantics and the psychology of deductive inference.Philipp Koralus & Salvador Mascarenhas - 2013 - Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):312-365.
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  30. Which Attitudes for the Fitting Attitude Analysis of Value?Julien A. Deonna & Fabrice Teroni - 2021 - Theoria 87 (5):1099-1122.
    According to the fitting attitude (FA) analysis of value concepts, to conceive of an object as having a given value is to conceive of it as being such that a certain evaluative attitude taken towards it would be fitting. Among the challenges that this analysis has to face, two are especially pressing. The first is a psychological challenge: the FA analysis must call upon attitudes that shed light on our value concepts while not presupposing the mastery of these concepts. The (...)
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  31.  13
    Neuropower and plastic writing: Stiegler and Malabou on generative AI.Julien S. Murphy & Constance Mui - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory.
    A leading critic of the disruptive force of technology in education, Bernard Stiegler saw the counter-effects of artificial intelligence in undermining human agency, autonomy and individuality, rendering the role of education ever more critical. Stiegler believes that our goal is not to abandon technology but to focus our attention on its power and direction in a hypercapitalist economy. While he did not foresee the emergence of generative artificial intelligence (GAI), its rapid acceleration raises important issues for his notion of digital (...)
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  32.  32
    A neurocomputational account of taxonomic responding and fast mapping in early word learning.Julien Mayor & Kim Plunkett - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):1-31.
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  33.  24
    Beyond Conceptual Analysis: Social Objectivity and Conceptual Engineering to Define Disease.Anne-Marie Gagné-Julien - 2024 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 49 (2):jhae002.
    In this article, I side with those who argue that the debate about the definition of “disease” should be reoriented from the question “what is disease” to the question of what it should be. However, I ground my argument on the rejection of the naturalist approach to define disease and the adoption of a normativist approach, according to which the concept of disease is normative and value-laden. Based on this normativist approach, I defend two main theses: (1) that conceptual analysis (...)
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  34. The legend of the justified true belief analysis.Julien Dutant - 2015 - Philosophical Perspectives 29 (1):95-145.
    There is a traditional conception of knowledge but it is not the Justified True Belief analysis Gettier attacked. On the traditional view, knowledge consists in having a belief that bears a discernible mark of truth. A mark of truth is a truth-entailing property: a property that only true beliefs can have. It is discernible if one can always tell that a belief has it, that is, a sufficiently attentive subject believes that a belief has it if and only if it (...)
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  35. Towards a phenomenological conception of experiential justification.Philipp Berghofer - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):155-183.
    The aim of this paper is to shed light on and develop what I call a phenomenological conception of experiential justification. According to this phenomenological conception, certain experiences gain their justificatory force from their distinctive phenomenology. Such an approach closely connects epistemology and philosophy of mind and has recently been proposed by several authors, most notably by Elijah Chudnoff, Ole Koksvik, and James Pryor. At the present time, however, there is no work that contrasts these different versions of PCEJ. This (...)
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  36.  33
    [deleted]Which Attitudes for the Fitting Attitude Analysis of Value?Julien A. Deonna & Fabrice Teroni - 2021 - Theoria 87 (5):1099-1122.
    According to the fitting attitude (FA) analysis of value concepts, to conceive of an object as having a given value is to conceive of it as being such that a certain evaluative attitude taken towards it would be fitting. Among the challenges that this analysis has to face, two are especially pressing. The first is a psychological challenge: the FA analysis must call upon attitudes that shed light on our value concepts while not presupposing the mastery of these concepts. The (...)
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  37.  2
    Le politique, ou, L'art de désigner l'ennemi.Julien Freund - 2020 - Paris: La Nouvelle Librairie éditions. Edited by Alain de Benoist & Pierre Bérard.
  38.  2
    Matière et médiations métaphysiques: étude des fonctions systématiques de la matière au sein de la pensée philosophique de Saint Thomas d'Aquin.Julien Lambinet - 2020 - Leuven: Peeters.
    It is undeniable that Thomas Aquinas showed great metaphysical originality among his contemporaries. However, his advances concerning the meaning of the uniqueness of the substantial form cannot be adequately grasped independently of an equally original understanding of matter, conceived in particular as pure power. This study attempts to grasp the implications of the Thomasian conception of matter in the various fields of his thought, from physics to metaphysics, passing through the foundations, in the very constitution of substance, theories of knowledge, (...)
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  39.  6
    Une philosophie de l'imagination.Julien Naud - 1979 - Montréal: Bellarmin.
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  40.  4
    Bedenkingen en verdenkingen: zeven manieren om een rivier te bevaren.Julien Vandiest - 1982 - Antwerpen: Soethoudt.
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  41. No sustainability without materiality : complex paths to good practices in Switzerland.Julien Vuilleumier & Ellen Hertz - 2024 - In Chiara Bortolotto & Ahmed Skounti (eds.), Intangible cultural heritage and sustainable development: inside a UNESCO Convention. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  42. The emotions: a philosophical introduction.Julien A. Deonna & Fabrice Teroni - 2012 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Fabrice Teroni.
    The emotions are at the centre of our lives and, for better or worse, imbue them with much of their significance. The philosophical problems stirred up by the existence of the emotions, over which many great philosophers of the past have laboured, revolve around attempts to understand what this significance amounts to. Are emotions feelings, thoughts, or experiences? If they are experiences, what are they experiences of? Are emotions rational? In what sense do emotions give meaning to what surrounds us? (...)
  43. How to be an Infallibilist.Julien Dutant - 2016 - Philosophical Issues 26 (1):148-171.
    When spelled out properly infallibilism is a viable and even attractive view. Because it has long been summary dismissed, however, we need a guide on how to properly spell it out. The guide has to fulfil four tasks. The first two concern the nature of knowledge: to argue that infallible belief is necessary, and that it is sufficient, for knowledge. The other two concern the norm of belief: to argue that knowledge is necessary, and that it is sufficient, for justified (...)
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  44. Validity and Truth-Preservation.Lionel Shapiro & Julien Murzi - 2015 - In D. Achourioti, H. Galinon & J. Martinez (eds.), Unifying the Philosophy of Truth. Springer. pp. 431-459.
    The revisionary approach to semantic paradox is commonly thought to have a somewhat uncomfortable corollary, viz. that, on pain of triviality, we cannot affirm that all valid arguments preserve truth (Beall2007, Beall2009, Field2008, Field2009). We show that the standard arguments for this conclusion all break down once (i) the structural rule of contraction is restricted and (ii) how the premises can be aggregated---so that they can be said to jointly entail a given conclusion---is appropriately understood. In addition, we briefly rehearse (...)
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  45.  11
    Kirrha (Phocide).Julien Zurbach, Despina Skorda, Raphaël Orgeolet, Anna Lagia, Ioanna Moutafi, Tobias Krapf, Bastien Simier, Reine-Marie Bérard, Gilles Sintès & Antoine Chabrol - 2012 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 136 (2):569-592.
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  46. Husserl’s Conception of Experiential Justification: What It Is and Why It Matters.Philipp Berghofer - 2018 - Husserl Studies 34 (2):145-170.
    The aim of this paper is twofold. The first is an interpretative one as I wish to provide a detailed account of Husserl’s conception of experiential justification. Here Ideas I and Introduction to Logic and Theory of Knowledge: Lectures 1906/07 will be my main resources. My second aim is to demonstrate the currency and relevance of Husserl’s conception. This means two things: Firstly, I will show that in current debates in analytic epistemology there is a movement sharing with Husserl the (...)
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  47. Le droit d'aujourd'hui.Julien Freund - 1972 - [Paris]: Presses universitaires de France.
     
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  48. Mort à voir, mort à vendre.Julien Potel - 1970 - [Paris]: Desclée.
     
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  49.  19
    Ambiguous authority: Reflections on Hannah Arendt’s concept of authority in education.Julien Kloeg & Liesbeth Noordegraaf-Eelens - 2022 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 54 (10):1631-1641.
    For Hannah Arendt, authority is the shape educational responsibility assumes. In our time, authority in Arendt’s sense is under pressure. The figure of Greta Thunberg shows the failure of adult generations, taken collectively, to take responsibility for the world and present and future generations of newcomers. However, in reflecting on Arendt’s use of authority, we argue that her account of authority also requires amendments. Arendt’s situating of educational authority in-between past and future adequately captures its temporal dimension. We make explicit (...)
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  50.  15
    Pushing Raman spectroscopy over the edge: purported signatures of organic molecules in fossil animals are instrumental artefacts.Julien Alleon, Gilles Montagnac, Bruno Reynard, Thibault Brulé, Mathieu Thoury & Pierre Gueriau - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (4):2000295.
    Widespread preservation of fossilized biomolecules in many fossil animals has recently been reported in six studies, based on Raman microspectroscopy. Here, we show that the putative Raman signatures of organic compounds in these fossils are actually instrumental artefacts resulting from intense background luminescence. Raman spectroscopy is based on the detection of photons scattered inelastically by matter upon its interaction with a laser beam. For many natural materials, this interaction also generates a luminescence signal that is often orders of magnitude more (...)
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