Results for 'Philip Schopield'

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  1.  7
    No Title available: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Philip Schopield - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (2):320-322.
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  2.  73
    L. G. Mitchell, ed., The Writings and Speeches of Edmund Burke, Volume 8, The French Revolution 1790–1794, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1989, pp. xv + 552. [REVIEW]Philip Schopield - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (2):320.
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  3. Explanatory unification.Philip Kitcher - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (4):507-531.
    The official model of explanation proposed by the logical empiricists, the covering law model, is subject to familiar objections. The goal of the present paper is to explore an unofficial view of explanation which logical empiricists have sometimes suggested, the view of explanation as unification. I try to show that this view can be developed so as to provide insight into major episodes in the history of science, and that it can overcome some of the most serious difficulties besetting the (...)
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  4.  34
    The state.Philip Pettit - 2023 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    In this work, the prominent political philosopher Philip Pettit embarks on a massive undertaking to offers major new accounts of the foundations of the state and the nature of justice. In doing so Pettit builds a new theory of what the state is and what it ought to be, addresses the normative question of how justice serves as a measure of the success of a state, and the way it should operate in relation to its citizens and other people.
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  5. Voluntary Belief on a Reasonable Basis.Philip J. Nickel - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):312-334.
    A person presented with adequate but not conclusive evidence for a proposition is in a position voluntarily to acquire a belief in that proposition, or to suspend judgment about it. The availability of doxastic options in such cases grounds a moderate form of doxastic voluntarism not based on practical motives, and therefore distinct from pragmatism. In such cases, belief-acquisition or suspension of judgment meets standard conditions on willing: it can express stable character traits of the agent, it can be responsive (...)
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  6.  36
    Galileo's error: foundations for a new science of consciousness.Philip Goff - 2019 - New York: Pantheon Books.
    How Galileo created the problem of consciousness -- Is there a ghost in the machine? -- Can physical science explain consciousness? -- How to solve the problem of consciousness -- Consciousness and the meaning of life.
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  7.  23
    What's the use of philosophy?Philip Kitcher - 2023 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    What's the Use of Philosophy? aims to answer the question posed in its title, whether the questioner intends to dismiss philosophy, or seeks a positive answer. The first three chapters explore the grounds for dismissal. Chapter 1 expresses skepticism about the value of much professional Anglophone philosophy, while recognizing virtues in work often viewed as peripheral. Chapter 2 studies a philosophical subfield, the philosophy of science, arguing that, while its condition may be better than the norm, it is far from (...)
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  8. Filial piety as a virtue.Philip J. Ivanhoe - 2007 - In Rebecca L. Walker & Philip J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Working virtue: virtue ethics and contemporary moral problems. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 297--312.
     
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  9. Trust in engineering.Philip J. Nickel - 2021 - In Diane Michelfelder & Neelke Doorn (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Engineering. Taylor & Francis Ltd. pp. 494-505.
    Engineers are traditionally regarded as trustworthy professionals who meet exacting standards. In this chapter I begin by explicating our trust relationship towards engineers, arguing that it is a linear but indirect relationship in which engineers “stand behind” the artifacts and technological systems that we rely on directly. The chapter goes on to explain how this relationship has become more complex as engineers have taken on two additional aims: the aim of social engineering to create and steer trust between people, and (...)
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  10. Motivation and Horizon: Phenomenal Intentionality in Husserl.Philip J. Walsh - 2017 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 94 (3):410-435.
    This paper argues for a Husserlian account of phenomenal intentionality. Experience is intentional insofar as it presents a mind-independent, objective world. Its doing so is a matter of the way it hangs together, its having a certain structure. But in order for the intentionality in question to be properly understood as phenomenal intentionality, this structure must inhere in experience as a phenomenal feature. Husserl’s concept of horizon designates this intentionality-bestowing experiential structure, while his concept of motivation designates the unique phenomenal (...)
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  11. Just freedom: a moral compass for a complex world.Philip Pettit - 2014 - New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
    An esteemed philosopher discusses his theory of universal freedom, describing how even those who are members of free societies may find their liberties curtailed and includes tests of freedom including the eyeball test and the tough-luck test.
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  12. Luckily, We Are Only Responsible for What We Could Have Avoided.Philip Swenson - 2019 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 43 (1):106-118.
    This paper has two goals: (1) to defend a particular response to the problem of resultant moral luck and (2) to defend the claim that we are only responsible for what we could have avoided. Cases of overdetermination threaten to undermine the claim that we are only responsible for what we could have avoided. To deal with this issue, I will motivate a particular way of responding to the problem of resultant moral luck. I defend the view that one's degree (...)
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  13.  12
    The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective, With a New Preface.Philip Mirowski & Dieter Plehwe (eds.) - 2015 - Harvard University Press.
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  14. A one-stage explanation of the cotard delusion.Philip Gerrans - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (1):47-53.
    Cognitive neuropsychiatry (CN) is the explanation of psychiatric disorder by the methods of cognitive neuropsychology. Within CN there are, broadly speaking, two approaches to delusion. The first uses a one-stage model, in which delusions are explained as rationalizations of anomalous experiences via reasoning strategies that are not, in themselves, abnormal. Two-stage models invoke additional hypotheses about abnormalities of reasoning. In this paper, I examine what appears to be a very strong argument, developed within CN, in favor of a twostage explanation (...)
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  15.  65
    How We Reason.Philip Nicholas Johnson-Laird - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Good reasoning can lead to success; bad reasoning can lead to catastrophe. Yet, it's not obvious how we reason, and why we make mistakes. This new book by one of the pioneers of the field, Philip Johnson-Laird, looks at the mental processes that underlie our reasoning. It provides the most accessible account yet of the science of reasoning.
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  16.  12
    Basic Laws of Arithmetic.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first complete English translation of Gottlob Frege's Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, with introduction and annotation. The importance of Frege's ideas within contemporary philosophy would be hard to exaggerate. He was, to all intents and purposes, the inventor of mathematical logic, and the influence exerted on modern philosophy of language and logic, and indeed on general epistemology, by the philosophical framework.
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  17. Thomas Dumm , Loneliness as a Way of Life (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009), ISBN: 978-0674031135.Philip Webb - 2009 - Foucault Studies 7:199-203.
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  18. Groups with minds of their own.Philip Pettit - 2011 - In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  19.  9
    What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience.Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.) - 2020 - Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
    Are humans free, or are we determined by our genes and the world around us? The question of freedom is not only one of philosophy’s greatest conundrums, but also one of the most fundamental questions of human existence. It’s particularly pressing in societies like ours, where our core institutions of law, ethics, and religion are built around the belief in individual freedom. Can one still affirm human freedom in an age of science? And if free will doesn’t exist, does it (...)
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  20.  6
    Capturing the ineffable: an anthropology of wisdom.Philip Kao & Joseph S. Alter (eds.) - 2020 - London: University of Toronto Press.
    Wisdom is peculiarly abstract, ineffable, and yet perennial. It is also temporal, stretching forwards as well is backwards in time. Wisdom is often treated as the outcome of life experience, reflection, discipline, and equanimity. Capturing the Ineffable aims to establish wisdom as an area if inquiry within anthropology and an analytic account of wisdom and its role and focus in anthropology. In addition to developing theories for an anthropology (and excavation) of wisdom, this volume argues collectively that anthropology is especially (...)
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  21. Lost in the lake : and his others.Philip Lutgendorf - 2020 - In Gil Ben-Herut, Jon Keune & Anne E. Monius (eds.), Regional communities of devotion in South Asia: insiders, outsiders, and interlopers. New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.
     
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  22.  53
    Two Republican Traditions.Philip Pettit - 2013 - In Andreas Niederberger & Philipp Schink (eds.), Republican democracy: liberty, law and politics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    The early nineteenth century saw the demise of the Italian-Atlantic tradition of republicanism and the rise of classical liberalism. A distinct Franco-German tradition of republicanism emerged from the time of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant, which differs from the older way of thinking associated with neo-republicanism. This chapter examines the key differences between the Italian-Atlantic and Franco-German traditions of republicanism and places them in a historical context. It first considers classical republicanism and how the ideological ideal of equal freedom as (...)
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  23.  4
    Rawls's Peoples.Philip Pettit - 2006-01-01 - In Rex Martin & David A. Reidy (eds.), Rawls's Law of Peoples. Blackwell. pp. 38–55.
    This chapter contains section titled: Rawls's Anti‐Cosmopolitanism Rawls's Ontology of Peoples Reconstructing Rawls's Rejection of Cosmopolitanism Acknowledgments Notes.
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  24.  32
    Abstractionism: Essays in Philosophy of Mathematics.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg - 2016 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    Abstractionism, which is a development of Frege's original Logicism, is a recent and much debated position in the philosophy of mathematics. This volume contains 16 original papers by leading scholars on the philosophical and mathematical aspects of Abstractionism. After an extensive editors' introduction to the topic of abstractionism, the volume is split into 4 sections. The contributions within these sections explore the semantics and meta-ontology of Abstractionism, abstractionist epistemology, the mathematics of Abstractionis, and finally, Frege's application constraint within an abstractionist (...)
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  25. Education for a challenging world.Philip Kitcher - 2023 - In Randall R. Curren (ed.), Handbook of philosophy of education. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  26.  15
    Not Athenian or a Stranger: The Veiled Critique of Aristotle in Plato’s Laws.Philip Vogt - 2023 - Philosophy Study 13 (12).
  27.  54
    Mapping the ethical landscape of carbon capture and storage.Philip Boucher & Clair Gough - 2012 - Poiesis and Praxis 9 (3-4):249-270.
    This article describes a method of scoping for potential ethical contentions within a resource constrained research environment where actor participation and bottom–up analysis is precluded. Instead of reverting to a top–down analytical structure, a data-led process is devised. This imitates a bottom–up analytic structure in the absence of the direct participation of actors, culminating in the construction of a map of the ethical landscape; a high-resolution ethical matrix of coded interpretations of various actors’ ethical framings of the technology. Despite its (...)
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  28. McDowell, Wang Yangming, and Mengzi’s Contributions to Understanding Moral Perception.Philip J. Ivanhoe - 2011 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (3):273-290.
    This essay explores some of the similarities and differences between the views of several Western and Chinese thinkers on the metaphysical status of moral qualities and how we come to perceive and appreciate them. It then uses this comparative analysis to identify and address some remaining problems in regard to these two issues. The essay offers a brief sketch of and introduction to the history of the study of moral qualities and moral perception in modern Western philosophy and takes the (...)
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  29. The Role of Consciousness in Free Action.Philip Woodward - 2023 - In Joe Campbell, Kristin M. Mickelson & V. Alan White (eds.), Wiley-Blackwell: A Companion to Free Will. Wiley.
    It is intuitive that free action depends on consciousness in some way, since behavior that is unconsciously generated is widely regarded as un-free. But there is no clear consensus as to what such dependence comes to, in part because there is no clear consensus about either the cognitive role of consciousness or about the essential components of free action. I divide the space of possible views into four: the Constitution View (on which free actions metaphysically consist, at least in part, (...)
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  30.  72
    A plea for risk.Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson - unknown
    Mountaineering is a dangerous activity. For many mountaineers, part of its very attraction is the risk, the thrill of danger. Yet mountaineers are often regarded as reckless or even irresponsible for risking their lives. In this paper, we offer a defence of risk-taking in mountaineering. Our discussion is organised around the fact that mountaineers and non-mountaineers often disagree about how risky mountaineering really is. We hope to cast some light on the nature of this disagreement – and to argue that (...)
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  31.  8
    The theory that changed everything: "On the origin of species" as a work in progress.Philip Lieberman - 2018 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    The renowned cognitive scientist Philip Lieberman demonstrates that there is no better guide to the world's living--and still evolving--things than Darwin and that the phenomena he observed are still being explored at the frontiers of science. Lieberman relates the insights that led to groundbreaking discoveries in both Darwin's time and our own.
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  32. What's Wrong with Child Labor?Philip Cook - 2018 - In Anca Gheaus, Gideon Calder & Jurgen de Wispelaere (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children. New York: Routledge. pp. 294-303.
    There is broad agreement that child labor is wrong and should be eliminated. This chapter examines the three main moral objections to child labor and considers their limitations: harm-based objections, objections from failing to benefit children, and objections from exploitation. Harm-based objections struggle with baselines for comparison and difficulties with Non-Identity problems. Even if child labor is not harmful, it may be wrong because it prevents children from enjoying other benefits, such as schooling. However, is schooling necessarily more beneficial for (...)
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  33.  50
    Thank goodness that's non-actual.Philip Percival - 1992 - Philosophical Papers 21 (3):191-213.
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  34. The Oxford Handbook of Science and Religion.Philip Clayton (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
  35.  51
    Idealism, Scepticism, and Internal Relations: Remarks on Hymers's Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses.Philip P. Hanson - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (3):577-586.
  36.  6
    Social thought and rival claims to the moral ideal of dignity.Philip Hodgkiss - 2018 - New York: Anthem Press.
    Contents: -- Preface and note on text structure -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction: the distinction of dignity -- Dignity, freedom and reason - from ancient greece to early modernity -- The sense of dignity in moral philosophy ¿ from the ethical intuitionists to the irrationalists -- Marx's critique of morality - natural law, the state and citizenship -- Classical sociology's regard for human dignity -- The human face of dignity reflected in phenomenology and existentialism -- Fresh terms for dignity attending the (...)
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  37.  8
    Eternal Recurrence and the Categorical Imperative.Philip J. Kain - 2007 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):105-116.
    The question has been raised whether Nietzsche intends eternal recurrence to be like a categorical imperative. The obvious objection to understanding eternal recurrence as like a categorical imperative is that for a categorical imperative to make any sense, for moral obligation to make any sense, it must be possible for individuals to change themselves. And Nietzsche denies that individuals can change themselves. Magnus thinks the determinism “implicit in the doctine of the eternal recurrence of the same renders any imperative impotent…. (...)
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  38.  15
    Marx, Revolution, and Social Democracy.Philip J. Kain - 2023 - New York, US: OUP Usa.
    Many people think Marx a totalitarian and Soviet Marxism the predictable outcome of his thought. How might one combat this completely mistaken image? What if one could demonstrate that Western European social democracy represents Marx’s thought far more than did Soviet Marxism? What if one shows that Marx and social democracy are quite compatible? What if one shows that Marx actually supported social democratic parties? If social democracy is closer to being the true face of Marxism after Marx, then all (...)
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  39. The Structure and Method of Hegel's Phenomenology.Philip J. Kain - 1998 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 27:593-614.
    This article tries to explain how Hegel's Phenomenology is organized, what it is trying to do, and where it is trying to go. It argues that the Phenomenology gives a transcendental deduction of the absolute. Hegel's strategy is to keep setting out more and more complex forms of experience and to demolish any explanations of this experience that are simpler than the absolute--thus, to show that the absolute is the only explanation of experience. We finally get a paradigm with enough (...)
     
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  40.  5
    Advancing the common good: strategies for business, governments, and nonprofits.Philip Kotler - 2019 - Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.
    Defining the common good -- Assessing the impact of proposed actions on human happiness and well-being -- Protecting and enhancing public goods -- Identifying today's major social problems -- Activists, reformers and social movements -- Key tools for advancing the common good -- What can businesses do to advance the common good? -- What can government do to advance the common good? -- What can nonprofit organizations do to advance the common good?
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  41.  12
    Radical wholeness: the embodied present and the ordinary grace of being.Philip Shepherd - 2017 - Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books.
    Feel-feel-at-flesh-inside -- Our disabled sense -- Homo Ex Machina -- Stepping outside the story -- The grace of being -- Recovering holosapience -- When wholeness points the way -- A speleology of the body's intelligence.
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  42.  5
    Erzählen nach Darwin: Die Krise der Teleologie im literarischen Realismus: Friedrich Theodor Vischer und Gottfried Keller.Philip Ajouri - 2007 - De Gruyter.
    Von einem Roman erwarten wir, dass sich seine Handlung zielstrebig auf ein Ende hin bewegt. Bis ins 19. Jh. wurden auch Vorgänge in einer von Gott eingerichteten Wirklichkeit auf diese Weise verstanden. Romane konnten daher beanspruchen, in ihrer Zielstrebigkeit die Wirklichkeit abzubilden. Durch Charles Darwin geriet diese Weltsicht in eine Krise. Die Studie zeigt, wie sich das Erzählen in einer als ziellos und zufällig aufgefassten Wirklichkeit veränderte. Wie können Romane die so verstandene Wirklichkeit abbilden? Diese Frage wird beispielhaft an literarischen (...)
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  43.  4
    Kleine philosophische Schriften.Philip Merlan - 1976 - New York: G. Olms.
  44.  68
    Classical logic and truth-value gaps.Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward - 1992 - Philosophical Papers 21 (2):141-150.
    An account of the logic of bivalent languages with truth-value gaps is given. This account is keyed to the use of tables introduced by S. C. Kleene. The account has two guiding ideas. First, that the bivalence property insures that the language satisfies classical logic. Second, that the general concepts of a valid sentence and an inconsistent sentence are, respectively, as sentences which are not false in any model and sentences which are not true in any model. What recommends this (...)
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  45.  61
    Trust, Reliance and the Internet.Philip Pettit - 2004 - Analyse & Kritik 26 (1):108-121.
    Trusting someone in an intuitive, rich sense of the term involves not just relying on that person, but manifesting reliance on them in the expectation that this manifestation of reliance will increase their reason and motive to prove reliable. Can trust between people be formed on the basis of Internet contact alone? Forming the required expectation in regard to another person, and so trusting them on some matter, may be due to believing that they are trustworthy; to believing that they (...)
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  46. Is a naturalized ethics possible?Philip Kitcher - 2014 - In Frans B. M. De Waal, Patricia Smith Churchland, Telmo Pievani & Stefano Parmigiani (eds.), Evolved Morality: The Biology and Philosophy of Human Conscience. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
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  47.  2
    Beyond Disbelief.Philip Kitcher - 2009-09-10 - In Russell Blackford & Udo Schüklenk (eds.), 50 Voices of Disbelief. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 86–96.
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  48. Introduction to Abstractionism.Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg - 2016 - In Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (eds.), Abstractionism: Essays in Philosophy of Mathematics. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK. pp. 3-33.
  49.  33
    Philosophy of education.Philip Henry Phenix - 1958 - New York: Holt.
    It Has Been Rightly Said That Only A True Philosopher May Give A Practical Shape To Education. Philosophy And Education Go Hand In Hand. Education Depends On Philosophy For Its Guidance While Philosophy Depends On Education For Its Own Formulation. Teaching Methods Are Very Much Concerned With The Philosophy Of Education The Teacher Holds. The Philosophical Systems Of Education Govern The Teacher S Attitude To The Method Of Teaching. With A View To Comprehend The Close Relationship Of Philosophy And Education (...)
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  50.  9
    Love notes: for a politics of love.Philip McKibbin - 2019 - Brooklyn, New York: Lantern Books.
    In Love Notes, a collection of articles, essays, and presentations, Philip McKibbin introduces the Politics of Love and explores the possibilities of this emerging theory. The Politics of Love affirms the importance of love and reimagines our relationships: to ourselves, each other, non-human animals, and the natural environment. This love is inclusive, critical, generous, and constructive. Instead of a politics of fear and distrust, of separation and narrow-mindedness, the Politics of Love presents a new vision that extends beyond individuals, (...)
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