Results for 'Petter Andreas Steen'

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  1.  85
    Patient autonomy in emergency medicine.Anne-Cathrine Naess, Reidun Foerde & Petter Andreas Steen - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):71-77.
    Theoretical models for patient-physician communication in clinical practice are frequently described in the literature. Respecting patient autonomy is an ethical problem the physician faces in a medical emergency situation. No theoretical physician-patient model seems to be ideal for solving the communication problem in clinical practice. Theoretical models can at best give guidance to behavior and judgement in emergency situations. In this article the premises of autonomous treatment decisions are discussed. Based on a case-report we discuss different genuine efforts the physician (...)
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  2. Failure to detect mismatches between intention and outcome in a simple decision task.Petter Johansson, Lars Hall, Sverker Sikstrom & Andreas Olsson - 2005 - Science 310 (5745):116-119.
    A fundamental assumption of theories of decision-making is that we detect mismatches between intention and outcome, adjust our behavior in the face of error, and adapt to changing circumstances. Is this always the case? We investigated the relation between intention, choice, and introspection. Participants made choices between presented face pairs on the basis of attractiveness, while we covertly manipulated the relationship between choice and outcome that they experienced. Participants failed to notice conspicuous mismatches between their intended choice and the outcome (...)
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  3. How something can be said about telling more than we can know: On choice blindness and introspection.Petter Johansson, Lars Hall, Sverker Sikström, Betty Tärning & Andreas Lind - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):673-692.
    The legacy of Nisbett and Wilson’s classic article, Telling More Than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes , is mixed. It is perhaps the most cited article in the recent history of consciousness studies, yet no empirical research program currently exists that continues the work presented in the article. To remedy this, we have introduced an experimental paradigm we call choice blindness [Johansson, P., Hall, L., Sikström, S., & Olsson, A. . Failure to detect mismatches between intention and (...)
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  4.  3
    Arven etter Skjervheim: nylesninger for vår tid.Storm Torjussen, Lars Petter & Andreas H. Hvidsten (eds.) - 2022 - Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.
    Hans Skjervheim har hatt stor betydning for norsk åndsliv og offentlig ordskifte. Han hadde en unik evne til å vise hvordan tidløse filosofiske problemstillinger ikke bare angår fagfilosofer, men også er til stede i den politiske debatt og i hverdagens små og store utfordringer. Mange forbinder nok Skjervheim særlig med ±positivismestriden? på 1960- og 1970-tallet. Denne antologien viser bredden i virksomheten hans, og at mange av Skjervheims tekster har noe betydelig å si om også vår egen tids utfordringer - blant (...)
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  5.  12
    Mapping conversations about land use: How modern farmers practice individuality.Steen Brock, Andreas Aagaard Christensen, Line Block Hansen, Morten Graversgaard, Henrik Vejre, Tommy Dalgaard, Kristoffer Piil & Peter Stubkjær Andersen - 2021 - Empedocles European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication 12 (1):5-17.
    In this article, drawing on the discursive psychology of Rom Harré, we show how mapping the exchange of words among people might disclose a complex reality; not merely that which farmers explicitly talk ‘about’ but the reality implicitly at stake within the communication. More specifically, we show how discourses involving modern farmers reveal an underlying placing in an abstract space, having sub-spaces defined by the life-orientation, sense of self and according self-positioning of modern people. In this way, we construct a (...)
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  6.  52
    Reply to commentary by Moore and Haggard.Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Sverker Sikström, Betty Tärning & Andreas Lind - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):697-699.
  7.  7
    More Pronounced Bimanual Interference in Proximal Compared to Distal Effectors of the Upper Extremities.Morten Andreas Aune, Håvard Lorås, Ane Djuvsland, Rolf Petter Ingvaldsen & Tore Kristian Aune - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  8.  22
    ACROCPoLis: A Descriptive Framework for Making Sense of Fairness.Andrea Aler Tubella, Dimitri Coelho Mollo, Adam Dahlgren, Hannah Devinney, Virginia Dignum, Petter Ericson, Anna Jonsson, Tim Kampik, Tom Lenaerts, Julian Mendez & Juan Carlos Nieves Sanchez - 2023 - Proceedings of the 2023 Acm Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency:1014-1025.
    Fairness is central to the ethical and responsible development and use of AI systems, with a large number of frameworks and formal notions of algorithmic fairness being available. However, many of the fairness solutions proposed revolve around technical considerations and not the needs of and consequences for the most impacted communities. We therefore want to take the focus away from definitions and allow for the inclusion of societal and relational aspects to represent how the effects of AI systems impact and (...)
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  9. How the Polls Can Be Both Spot On and Dead Wrong: Using Choice Blindness to Shift Political Attitudes and Voter Intentions.Lars Hall, Thomas Strandberg, Philip Pärnamets, Andreas Lind, Betty Tärning & Petter Johansson - 2013 - PLoS ONE 8 (4):e60554. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
    Political candidates often believe they must focus their campaign efforts on a small number of swing voters open for ideological change. Based on the wisdom of opinion polls, this might seem like a good idea. But do most voters really hold their political attitudes so firmly that they are unreceptive to persuasion? We tested this premise during the most recent general election in Sweden, in which a left- and a right-wing coalition were locked in a close race. We asked our (...)
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  10. How something can be said about telling more than we can know: On choice blindness and introspection. Commentary and Authors' reply.James Moore, Patrick Haggard, Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Sverker SIKSTRÖM, Betty TÄRNING, Andreas Lind, Cd Frith & Hc Lau - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4).
  11. Kinds and Explanations.Petter Sandstad & Ludger Jansen - 2022 - In Mirosław Szatkowski (ed.), E. J. Lowe and Ontology. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 165-187.
    Sparrows fly because they are birds. This mushroom is poisonous because it is an Amanita muscaria. Pointing out the kind to which things belong explains many of their properties. Jonathan Lowe’s four-category ontology and his account of laws of nature provide a framework to account for the explanatory appeal of referring to kind membership. For Lowe, “Electron has Unit-negative charge” is a typical example for a law of nature: a kind universal characterized by a property universal. We present both Lowe’s (...)
     
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  12.  8
    International Perspectives on Engineering Education: Engineering Education and Practice in Context, Volume 1.Steen Hyldgaard Christensen, Christelle Didier, Andrew Jamison, Martin Meganck, Carl Mitcham & Byron Newberry (eds.) - 2015 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This inclusive cross-cultural study rethinks the nexus between engineering education and context. In so doing the book offers a reflection on contextual boundaries with an overall boundary crossing ambition and juxtaposes important cases of critical participation within engineering education with sophisticated scholarly reflection on both opportunities and discontents. Whether, and in what way engineering education is or ought to be contextualized or de-contextualized is an object of heated debate among engineering educators. The uniqueness of this study is that this debate (...)
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  13.  6
    Begrip en werkelijkheid.D. M. De Petter - 1964 - Hilversum,: P. Brand.
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  14.  2
    Naar het metafysische.D. M. De Petter - 1972 - Antwerpen,: De Nederlandsche Boekhandel.
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  15.  8
    The textual inheritance.Steen Tullberg - 2013 - In John Lippitt & George Pattison (eds.), The Oxford handbook of Kierkegaard. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. pp. 11.
    This chapter discusses the works of Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard that were discovered after his death on November 11, 1855. These papers were compiled by his nephew Henrik Lund and were later given to his brother Bishop Peter Christian Kierkegaard. Four major editions of the papers were published, which include Af Soren Kierkegaards Efterladte Papirer, Soren Kierkegaards Samlede Værker, Soren Kierkegaards Papirer, and Soren Kierkegaards Skrifter. The chapter also considers some aspects of Kierkegaard's working process.
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  16. Historical development of the concept of the Gene.Petter Portin - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (3):257 – 286.
    The classical view of the gene prevailing during the 1910s and 1930s comprehended the gene as the indivisible unit of genetic transmission, genetic recombination, gene mutation and gene function. The discovery of intragenic recombination in the early 1940s led to the neoclassical concept of the gene, which prevailed until the 1970s. In this view the gene or cistron, as it was now called, was divided into its constituent parts, the mutons and recons, materially identified as nucleotides. Each cistron was believed (...)
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  17.  6
    The Lived Experience of Forgiveness: Phenomenological and Psychological Perspectives.Steen Halling (ed.) - 2023 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book brings together phenomenological studies of the experience of forgiveness. The contributors, from psychological, philosophical, and theological backgrounds, set aside theoretical presuppositions, approach this topic with fresh eyes, and address problematic aspects of the existing literature.
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  18.  12
    The Book of Life goes online.Petter Holm - 2007 - Genomics, Society and Policy 3 (2):1-4.
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  19.  20
    Intersecting the divide between working memory and episodic memory: Evidence from sustained and transient brain activity patterns.Petter Marklund & Lars Nyberg - 2007 - In Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie & Mark D'Esposito (eds.), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 305--332.
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  20. Inleiding tot de wijsbegeerte van de biologie.W. J. Van der Steen - 1973 - Utrecht,: Oosthoek.
     
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  21. Ludwig Wittgensteins metode.Arild Steen - 1970 - Oslo,: Gyldendal.
     
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  22.  7
    The creativity complex: art, tech, and the seduction of an idea.Shannon Steen - 2023 - Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press.
    Richly researched, the book explores how creativity has been invoked in arenas as varied as Enlightenment debates over the nature of the cognition, Victorian-era intelligence research, the Cold War technology race, contemporary education, and even modern electoral politics. Along the way, the book turns to a set of art works from mobile steampunk sculptures to bicentennial adaptations of Frankenstein to a musical about the US Presidential election that ask how our ideas about creativity are bound up with those of self-fulfillment, (...)
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  23.  4
    Wo denn bin ich?: einige essentielle Fragen der Philosophie.Steen O. Welding - 2016 - Hamburg: Meiner.
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  24.  25
    Skepticism towards the Swedish vision zero for suicide: interviews with 12 psychiatrists.Petter Karlsson, Gert Helgesson, David Titelman, Manne Sjöstrand & Niklas Juth - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):26.
    The main causes of suicide and how suicide could and should be prevented are ongoing controversies in the scientific literature as well as in public media. In the bill on public health from 2008, the Swedish Parliament adopted an overarching “Vision Zero for Suicide” and nine strategies for suicide prevention. However, how the VZ should be interpreted in healthcare is unclear. The VZ has been criticized both from a philosophical perspective and against the background of clinical experience and alleged empirical (...)
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  25.  10
    The limits of computation: A philosophical critique of contemporary Big Data research.Petter Törnberg & Anton Törnberg - 2018 - Big Data and Society 5 (2).
    This paper reviews the contemporary discussion on the epistemological and ontological effects of Big Data within social science, observing an increased focus on relationality and complexity, and a tendency to naturalize social phenomena. The epistemic limits of this emerging computational paradigm are outlined through a comparison with the discussions in the early days of digitalization, when digital technology was primarily seen through the lens of dematerialization, and as part of the larger processes of “postmodernity”. Since then, the online landscape has (...)
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  26. The Morph-Image: Four Forms of Post-Cinema.Steen Ledet Christiansen - 2019 - In Christina Rawls, Diana Neiva & Steven S. Gouveia (eds.), Philosophy and Film: Bridging Divides. Routledge Press, Research on Aesthetics.
     
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  27.  4
    Erindringer om Søren Kierkegaard.Steen Johansen (ed.) - 1980 - København: C.A. Reitzel.
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  28. Michael Nielsen.Steen Johansen - 1982 - In Albert Anderson, Niels Thulstrup & Marie Mikulová Thulstrup (eds.), Kierkegaard's Teachers. C.A. Reitzels Forlag.
     
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  29. Aristotle on exceptions to essences in biology.Petter Sandstad - 2016 - In Benedikt Strobel & Georg Wöhrle (eds.), Angewandte Epistemologie in antiker Philosophie und Wissenschaft, AKAN-Einzelschriften 11. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. pp. 69-92.
    Exceptions are often cited as a counterargument against formal causation. Against this I argue that Aristotle explicitly allows for exceptions to essences in his biological writings, and that he has a means of explaining them through formal causation – though this means that he has to slightly elaborate on his general case theory from the Posterior Analytics, by supplementing it with a special case application in the biological writings. Specifically for Aristotle an essential predication need not be a universal predication. (...)
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  30.  9
    Steen Brock A Conception of Modern Life as “the Awakening of the Human Spirit, Revisited”: Wittgenstein’s Early Remarks on Frazer as a Philosophy of Culture.Steen Brock - 2016 - In Aidan Seery, Josef G. F. Rothhaupt & Lars Albinus (eds.), Wittgenstein’s Remarks on Frazer: The Text and the Matter. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 175-204.
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  31.  13
    For a heterodox computational social science.Petter Törnberg & Justus Uitermark - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    The proliferation of digital data has been the impetus for the emergence of a new discipline for the study of social life: ‘computational social science’. Much research in this field is founded on the premise that society is a complex system with emergent structures that can be modeled or reconstructed through digital data. This paper suggests that computational social science serves practical and legitimizing functions for digital capitalism in much the same way that neoclassical economics does for neoliberalism. In recognition (...)
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  32.  15
    Barbeyrac on Scepticism and on Grotian Modernity.Petter Korkman - 1999 - Grotiana 20 (1):77-105.
  33. Teknologi, kompetence og vidensformer.Steen Wackerhausen - 1991 - Philosophia (Misc.) 20 (3/4):81-117.
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  34. A non-hylomorphic account of formal causation.Petter Sandstad & Ludger Jansen - 2021 - In Ludger Jansen & Petter Sandstad (eds.), Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Formal Causation. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
     
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  35.  32
    Using Choice Blindness to Study Decision Making and Introspection.Petter Johansson & Lars Hall - 2008 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Annika Wallin (eds.), Cognition - A Smorgasbord. pp. 267-283.
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  36.  17
    Scott Davidson: Going Grey: The Mediation of Politics in an Ageing Society.Petter Haakenstad Godli - 2019 - Intergenerational Justice Review 1 (1).
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  37.  12
    Chief executive officers as white–collar criminals: an empirical study.Petter Gottschalk - 2011 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 6 (4):385-396.
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  38.  6
    Barbeyrac and Natural Law.Petter Korkman - 2001
  39. Weakness of will from Plato to the present (review).Petter Korkman - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):pp. 466-467.
    Weakness of will denotes a phenomenon that many would regard as forming part of everyday human experience. I hate to admit to it, but I do sometimes reprimand my children more harshly than I think I should, and similar situations occur daily. This could be an example of weakness of will or incontinence: I will to be constructive and provide a model of calm interaction, but fail to do so because my will is weak and I end up acting against (...)
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  40.  26
    Editorial: [Genetically Modified Plants Benefit Everybody].Petter Portin - 2009 - Open Ethics Journal 3 (3):91-92.
  41.  21
    Hot Topic:[Genetically Modified Plants Benefit Everybody (Guest Editor: Dr. Peter Portin)].Petter Portin - 2009 - Open Ethics Journal 3 (1):91-117.
  42.  23
    Getting ready for the marriage market? A response.Petter Lundborg, Paul Nystedt & Björn Lindgren - 2012 - Journal of Biosocial Science 44 (2):235-242.
    SummaryOverweight and obesity constitute a major and increasing health and welfare problem throughout the world. Assessing the multifaceted mechanisms – biological, environmental and behavioural – behind this development is a crucial task in medical, social and economic sciences. We are, therefore, grateful to have been given the opportunity to, once again, discuss whether the risk of divorce may be one of the factors influencing the incentives of becoming overweight or obese and, hence, ultimately the physical appearance among the married. In (...)
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  43.  49
    Collective Intelligence of the Artificial Life Community on Its Own Successes, Failures, and Future.Steen Rasmussen, Michael J. Raven, Gordon N. Keating & Mark A. Bedau - 2003 - Artificial Life 9:207-235.
    We describe a novel Internet-based method for building consensus and clarifying con icts in large stakeholder groups facing complex issues, and we use the method to survey and map the scienti c and organizational perspectives of the arti cial life community during the Seventh International Conference on Arti cial Life (summer 2000). The issues addressed in this survey included arti cial life’s main successes, main failures, main open scienti c questions, and main strategies for the future, as well as the (...)
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  44. The Formal Cause in the Posterior Analytics.Petter Sandstad - 2016 - Filozofski Vestnik 37 (3):7-26.
    I argue that Aristotle’s account of scientific demonstrations in the Posterior Analytics is centred upon formal causation, understood as a demonstration in terms of essence (and as innocent of the distinction between form and matter). While Aristotle says that all four causes can be signified by the middle term in a demonstrative syllogism, and he discusses at some length efficient causation, much of Aristotle’s discussion is foremost concerned with the formal cause. Further, I show that Aristotle had very detailed procedures (...)
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  45. Deserved Guilt and Blameworthiness over Time.Andreas Brekke Carlsson - 2022 - In Andreas Carlsson (ed.), Self-Blame and Moral Responsibility. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.
  46.  27
    Laws and natural history in biology.Wim J. Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4).
  47.  59
    Choice blindness and the non-unitary nature of the human mind.Petter Johansson, Lars Hall & Peter Gärdenfors - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):28-29.
    Experiments on choice blindness support von Hippel & Trivers's (VH&T's) conception of the mind as fundamentally divided, but they also highlight a problem for VH&T's idea of non-conscious self-deception: If I try to trick you into believing that I have a certain preference, and the best way is to also trick myself, I might actually end up having that preference, at all levels of processing.
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  48.  34
    Introduction. Artificial protocells.Steen Rasmussen & Marc Bedau - unknown
    What makes a cell? How are cells able to replicate themselves in a stable manner? How did cellular life emerge on our planet? The answer to these fundamental questions lies at the base of biology. Cellular life is the basic unit of living organization and defines the presence of a stable information reservoir connected through the external world by a well-defined boundary. Inside the cell, chains of computations and chemical reactions take place, sustained by self-assembled molecular machines. At the cell (...)
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  49.  59
    The Ethics of Online Controlled Experiments (A/B Testing).Andrea Polonioli, Riccardo Ghioni, Ciro Greco, Prathm Juneja, Jacopo Tagliabue, David Watson & Luciano Floridi - 2023 - Minds and Machines 33 (4):667-693.
    Online controlled experiments, also known as A/B tests, have become ubiquitous. While many practical challenges in running experiments at scale have been thoroughly discussed, the ethical dimension of A/B testing has been neglected. This article fills this gap in the literature by introducing a new, soft ethics and governance framework that explicitly recognizes how the rise of an experimentation culture in industry settings brings not only unprecedented opportunities to businesses but also significant responsibilities. More precisely, the article (a) introduces a (...)
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  50.  8
    På søken etter den integrerte kontekst.Petter Aaslestad - 2007 - Agora Journal for metafysisk spekulasjon 25 (1-2):448-452.
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