Results for 'Petr Va��kovic'

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  1. Implicit Memory: History and Current Status.Daniel L. Schacter - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 13 (3):501-18.
    Je lui ai associÉ un court extrait d'une revue de questions portant sur le même thème. Implicit memory is revealed when previous experiences facilitate perf on a task that does not require conscious or intentional recollection of those expces. Explicit memory is revealed when perf on a task requires conscious recolelction of previous expces. Il s'agit de defs descriptives qui n'impliquent pas l'existence de deux systs de mÉmo sÉparÉs. Historiquement Descartes est le premier ˆ faire mention de phÉnomènes de mÉmo (...)
     
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  2. Philosophy and Logic: Selected Writings of Petre Botezatu.Petre Botezatu - 1987 - "Al. I. Cuza" University of Iaṣi, Department of Philosophy.
  3.  5
    Dedicated to Petr Vopeynka.Bohuslav Balcar & Petr Simon - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 109 (1):2-15.
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    The Shape of Words in the Brain.Vanja Kovic, Kim Plunkett & Gert Westermann - 2010 - Cognition 114 (1):19-28.
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  5. Privacy, Individuality, Rules: A Response to Petr Glombicek.Petr Kot'atko - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (2):211-234.
     
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  6.  55
    Is Multiset Consequence Trivial?Petr Cintula & Francesco Paoli - 2016 - Synthese 199 (Suppl 3):741-765.
    Dave Ripley has recently argued against the plausibility of multiset consequence relations and of contraction-free approaches to paradox. For Ripley, who endorses a nontransitive theory, the best arguments that buttress transitivity also push for contraction—whence it is wiser for the substructural logician to go nontransitive from the start. One of Ripley’s allegations is especially insidious, since it assumes the form of a trivialisation result: it is shown that if a multiset consequence relation can be associated to a closure operator in (...)
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  7.  30
    Future Generations and the Justifiability of Germline Engineering.Ioana Petre - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (3):328-341.
    The possibility of performing germline modifications on currently living individuals targets future generations’ health and well-being by reducing the diversity of the human gene pool. This can have two negative repercussions: reduction of heterozygosity, the latter being associated with a health or performance advantage; uniformization of the genes involved in reproductive recombination, which may lead to the health risks involved in asexual reproduction. I argue that germline interventions aimed at modifying the genomes of future people cannot be ethically justifiable if (...)
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  8.  22
    Mutual Aid; a Factor of Evolution.Petr Kropotkin - unknown
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  9.  12
    Sensorimotor Coupling in Music and the Psychology of the Groove.Petr Janata, Stefan T. Tomic & Jason M. Haberman - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):54-75.
  10.  36
    Flow of Time in Bst/Bcont Models and Related Semantical Observations.Petr Švarný - unknown
    First the Branching Space-time and Branching Continuations mod-els are briefly presented. We compare their properties with the traditional definition of a Flow of Time from physics and we point out the difficulties of it in relativistic time. A solution of a Flow of Time in the given models is then proposed.
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  11.  63
    Weakly Implicative (Fuzzy) Logics I: Basic Properties. [REVIEW]Petr Cintula - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (6):673-704.
    This paper presents two classes of propositional logics (understood as a consequence relation). First we generalize the well-known class of implicative logics of Rasiowa and introduce the class of weakly implicative logics. This class is broad enough to contain many “usual” logics, yet easily manageable with nice logical properties. Then we introduce its subclass–the class of weakly implicative fuzzy logics. It contains the majority of logics studied in the literature under the name fuzzy logic. We present many general theorems for (...)
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  12.  33
    Distinguished Algebraic Semantics for T -Norm Based Fuzzy Logics: Methods and Algebraic Equivalencies.Petr Cintula, Francesc Esteva, Joan Gispert, Lluís Godo, Franco Montagna & Carles Noguera - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 160 (1):53-81.
    This paper is a contribution to Mathematical fuzzy logic, in particular to the algebraic study of t-norm based fuzzy logics. In the general framework of propositional core and Δ-core fuzzy logics we consider three properties of completeness with respect to any semantics of linearly ordered algebras. Useful algebraic characterizations of these completeness properties are obtained and their relations are studied. Moreover, we concentrate on five kinds of distinguished semantics for these logics–namely the class of algebras defined over the real unit (...)
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  13.  19
    Admissible Rules in the Implication–Negation Fragment of Intuitionistic Logic.Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (2):162-171.
    Uniform infinite bases are defined for the single-conclusion and multiple-conclusion admissible rules of the implication–negation fragments of intuitionistic logic and its consistent axiomatic extensions . A Kripke semantics characterization is given for the structurally complete implication–negation fragments of intermediate logics, and it is shown that the admissible rules of this fragment of form a PSPACE-complete set and have no finite basis.
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  14.  42
    The Proof by Cases Property and its Variants in Structural Consequence Relations.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (4):713-747.
    This paper is a contribution to the study of the rôle of disjunction inAlgebraic Logic. Several kinds of (generalized) disjunctions, usually defined using a suitable variant of the proof by cases property, were introduced and extensively studied in the literature mainly in the context of finitary logics. The goals of this paper are to extend these results to all logics, to systematize the multitude of notions of disjunction (both those already considered in the literature and those introduced in this paper), (...)
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  15.  32
    Implicational (Semilinear) Logics I: A New Hierarchy. [REVIEW]Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (4):417-446.
    In abstract algebraic logic, the general study of propositional non-classical logics has been traditionally based on the abstraction of the Lindenbaum-Tarski process. In this process one considers the Leibniz relation of indiscernible formulae. Such approach has resulted in a classification of logics partly based on generalizations of equivalence connectives: the Leibniz hierarchy. This paper performs an analogous abstract study of non-classical logics based on the kind of generalized implication connectives they possess. It yields a new classification of logics expanding Leibniz (...)
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  16.  42
    Structural Completeness in Fuzzy Logics.Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (2):153-182.
    Structural completeness properties are investigated for a range of popular t-norm based fuzzy logics—including Łukasiewicz Logic, Gödel Logic, Product Logic, and Hájek's Basic Logic—and their fragments. General methods are defined and used to establish these properties or exhibit their failure, solving a number of open problems.
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  17.  25
    Conceptualizing Health and Illness.Petr Kouba - 2008 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 39 (1):59-80.
    This article is focused on the notions of health and illness, as they appear in the context of philosophical reflections on finitude and contingency of human existence. Criticizing Heidegger's approach to health and illness which is based on the Aristotelian concept of privation, the author tries to find an alternative to the privative concept of illness with the help of Schelling's treatise on human freedom which explicates Evil not as a privation of Good, but as a sort of illness that (...)
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  18.  10
    The Liar Paradox and Fuzzy Logic.Petr Hajek, Jeff Paris & John Shepherdson - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (1):339-346.
    Can one extend crisp Peano arithmetic PA by a possibly many-valued predicate Tr saying "x is true" and satisfying the "dequotation schema" $\varphi \equiv \text{Tr}$ for all sentences $\varphi$? This problem is investigated in the frame of Lukasiewicz infinitely valued logic.
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  19. Petr Koťátko: Význam A Komunikaces”.Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Filosoficky Casopis 47:1019-1022.
    [Petr Koťátko: Meaning and Communication].
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  20. Interpreting Davidson.Petr Kotatko, Peter Pagin & Gabriel Segal (eds.) - 2001 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    Donald Davidson is, arguably, the most important philosopher of mind and language in recent decades. His articulation of the position he called "anomalous monism" and his ideas for unifying the general theory of linguistic meaning with semantics for natural language both set new agendas in the field. _Interpreting Davidson_ collects original essays on his work by some of his leading contemporaries, with Davidson himself contributing a reply to each and an original paper of his own.
     
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  21.  82
    Schizophrenia, Dissociation, and Consciousness.Petr Bob & George A. Mashour - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1042-1049.
    Current thinking suggests that dissociation could be a significant comorbid diagnosis in a proportion of schizophrenic patients with a history of trauma. This potentially may explain the term “schizophrenia” in its original definition by Bleuler, as influenced by his clinical experience and personal view. Additionally, recent findings suggest a partial overlap between dissociative symptoms and the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, which could be explained by inhibitory deficits. In this context, the process of dissociation could serve as an important conceptual framework (...)
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  22.  18
    Fuzzy Logic.Petr Hajek - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  23. Ethics: Origin and Development.Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin - 1924 - Prism Press.
  24.  11
    The Limits of Doubt: The Moral and Political Implications of Skepticism.Petr Lom - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Shows how different forms of skepticism can lead to remarkably different moral and political implications.
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  25.  26
    Význam a interpretace Petra Koťátka.Petr Glombíček - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (1):51-74.
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  26.  2
    Symptomic Mimicry Between SARS-CoV-2 and the Common Cold Complex.Petr Tureček & Karel Kleisner - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-6.
    The recent changes in COVID-19 symptoms suggest convergent evolution of respiratory diseases. This process is analogous to the emergence of animal mimetic complexes and complements previously identified types of mimicry. A novel pathogen might go unnoticed or insufficiently counteracted if it resembles a disease that the host already faced on multiple occasions, which creates a selective pressure towards a typical symptomic phonotype. In short, the reason why so many unrelated pathogens cause similar symptoms may correspond to the reasons that drove (...)
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  27.  15
    Implicational Logics II: Additional Connectives and Characterizations of Semilinearity.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2016 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 55 (3-4):353-372.
    This is the continuation of the paper :417–446, 2010). We continue the abstract study of non-classical logics based on the kind of generalized implication connectives they possess and we focus on semilinear logics, i.e. those that are complete with respect to the class of models where the implication defines a linear order. We obtain general characterizations of semilinearity in terms of the intersection-prime extension property, the syntactical semilinearity metarule and the class of finitely subdirectly irreducible models. Moreover, we consider extensions (...)
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  28.  40
    On Theories and Models in Fuzzy Predicate Logics.Petr Hájek & Petr Cintula - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):863 - 880.
    In the last few decades many formal systems of fuzzy logics have been developed. Since the main differences between fuzzy and classical logics lie at the propositional level, the fuzzy predicate logics have developed more slowly (compared to the propositional ones). In this text we aim to promote interest in fuzzy predicate logics by contributing to the model theory of fuzzy predicate logics. First, we generalize the completeness theorem, then we use it to get results on conservative extensions of theories (...)
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  29.  9
    Benefits of Instructed Responding in Manual Assembly Tasks: An ERP Approach.Pavle Mijović, Vanja Ković, Maarten De Vos, Ivan Mačužić, Branislav Jeremić & Ivan Gligorijević - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  30.  8
    Dissociative States in Dreams and Brain Chaos: Implications for Creative Awareness.Petr Bob & Olga Louchakova - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  31. Va Savoir: De la Connaissance En Général.Pascal Engel - 2007 - Hermann.
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  32. Machine learning, inductive reasoning, and reliability of generalisations.Petr Spelda - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):29-37.
    The present paper shows how statistical learning theory and machine learning models can be used to enhance understanding of AI-related epistemological issues regarding inductive reasoning and reliability of generalisations. Towards this aim, the paper proceeds as follows. First, it expounds Price’s dual image of representation in terms of the notions of e-representations and i-representations that constitute subject naturalism. For Price, this is not a strictly anti-representationalist position but rather a dualist one (e- and i-representations). Second, the paper links this debate (...)
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  33.  75
    Human Induction in Machine Learning: A Survey of the Nexus.Petr Spelda & Vit Stritecky - forthcoming - ACM Computing Surveys.
    As our epistemic ambitions grow, the common and scientific endeavours are becoming increasingly dependent on Machine Learning (ML). The field rests on a single experimental paradigm, which consists of splitting the available data into a training and testing set and using the latter to measure how well the trained ML model generalises to unseen samples. If the model reaches acceptable accuracy, an a posteriori contract comes into effect between humans and the model, supposedly allowing its deployment to target environments. Yet (...)
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  34.  16
    Politics of Gymnastics: Mass Gymnastic Displays Under Communism in Central and Eastern Europe.Petr Roubal - 2003 - Body and Society 9 (2):1-25.
    Under communism, the symbolic potential of the body was multiplied in the mass gymnastic displays in order to portray the society as disciplined, strong, happy and beautiful and thus to legitimize its leadership. These gymnastic rituals followed the volkisch tradition of 19th-century mass gymnastics, which aimed at mobilization and homogenization of the `imagined community' of the nation. Behind the symbolic play of the mass gymnastics, there was, as Kracauer pointed out, a deeper relationship between modernity with its mode of production (...)
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  35.  59
    A path to authenticity: Kierkegaard and Dostoevsky on existential transformation.Petr Vaškovic - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (1):81-108.
    While there has been considerable interest in the writings of Søren Kierkegaard and Fyodor Dostoevsky, both of whom are considered seminal existential thinkers, relatively little has been said about similarities in their thought. In this paper, I propose to read their philosophical and literary works together as texts that offer an elaborate model of an existential religious transformation. Both Kierkegaard and Dostoevsky sketch a path leading from the inauthentic, internally fragmented and egotistic self to the authentically Christian, humble and loving (...)
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  36.  13
    Implicational Logics III: Completeness Properties.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2018 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 57 (3-4):391-420.
    This paper presents an abstract study of completeness properties of non-classical logics with respect to matricial semantics. Given a class of reduced matrix models we define three completeness properties of increasing strength and characterize them in several useful ways. Some of these characterizations hold in absolute generality and others are for logics with generalized implication or disjunction connectives, as considered in the previous papers. Finally, we consider completeness with respect to matrices with a linear dense order and characterize it in (...)
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  37.  8
    A Wild Model of Linear Arithmetic and Discretely Ordered Modules.Petr Glivický & Pavel Pudlák - 2017 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 63 (6):501-508.
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  38.  5
    [Book Review] Follies and Fallacies in Medicine. [REVIEW]Petr Skrabanek & James McCormick - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17:110-111.
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  39.  56
    Nonassociative Substructural Logics and Their Semilinear Extensions: Axiomatization and Completeness Properties: Nonassociative Substructural Logics.Petr Cintula, Rostislav Horčík & Carles Noguera - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):394-423.
    Substructural logics extending the full Lambek calculus FL have largely benefited from a systematical algebraic approach based on the study of their algebraic counterparts: residuated lattices. Recently, a nonassociative generalization of FL has been studied by Galatos and Ono as the logic of lattice-ordered residuated unital groupoids. This paper is based on an alternative Hilbert-style presentation for SL which is almost MP -based. This presentation is then used to obtain, in a uniform way applicable to most substructural logics, a form (...)
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  40.  63
    Spatial Coding of Ordinal Information in Short- and Long-Term Memory.Vã©Ronique Ginsburg & Wim Gevers - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  41.  25
    Wally Axiomatics of Branching Continuations.Petr Švarný - unknown
    We give a brief introduction to the axiomatization of temporal logics. Branching continuations are shortly presented thereafter and the possibility of their clear syntactical axiomatization in a Hilbert-style system is investigated as last. Some basic preliminary observations and suggestions, how such axiomatization could start, are presented.
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  42.  11
    On Witnessed Models in Fuzzy Logic.Petr Hájek - 2007 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 53 (1):66-77.
    Witnessed models of fuzzy predicate logic are models in which each quantified formula is witnessed, i.e. the truth value of a universally quantified formula is the minimum of the values of its instances and similarly for existential quantification. Systematic theory of known fuzzy logics endowed with this semantics is developed with special attention paid to problems of arithmetical complexity of sets of tautologies and of satisfiable formulas.
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  43.  26
    A Complete Many-Valued Logic with Product-Conjunction.Petr Hájek, Lluis Godo & Francesc Esteva - 1996 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 35 (3):191-208.
    A simple complete axiomatic system is presented for the many-valued propositional logic based on the conjunction interpreted as product, the coresponding implication (Goguen's implication) and the corresponding negation (Gödel's negation). Algebraic proof methods are used. The meaning for fuzzy logic (in the narrow sense) is shortly discussed.
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  44.  10
    Formal Systems of Fuzzy Logic and Their Fragments.Petr Cintula, Petr Hájek & Rostislav Horčík - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 150 (1-3):40-65.
    Formal systems of fuzzy logic are well-established logical systems and respected members of the broad family of the so-called substructural logics closely related to the famous logic BCK. The study of fragments of logical systems is an important issue of research in any class of non-classical logics. Here we study the fragments of nine prominent fuzzy logics to all sublanguages containing implication. However, the results achieved in the paper for those nine logics are usually corollaries of theorems with much wider (...)
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  45.  9
    Topic, Focus and Generative Semantics.Petr Sgall - 1973 - Kronberg Taunus, Scriptor Verlag.
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  46.  13
    A Note on Natural Extensions in Abstract Algebraic Logic.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (4):815-823.
    Transfer theorems are central results in abstract algebraic logic that allow to generalize properties of the lattice of theories of a logic to any algebraic model and its lattice of filters. Their proofs sometimes require the existence of a natural extension of the logic to a bigger set of variables. Constructions of such extensions have been proposed in particular settings in the literature. In this paper we show that these constructions need not always work and propose a wider setting in (...)
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  47.  9
    A Henkin-Style Proof of Completeness for First-Order Algebraizable Logics.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (1):341-358.
  48.  21
    Revisting Husserl’s Account of Language in Logical Investigations.Petr Urban - 2018 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 7 (2):263-272.
  49.  51
    Jan Patočka Et Ie Problème de la Phénoménologie.Petr Rezek - 1991 - Études Phénoménologiques 7 (13-14):203-209.
  50.  23
    Definite Descriptions Again: Singular Reference, Quantification and Truth-Evaluation.Petr Koťátko - 2009 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 16 (4):552-568.
    The author defends a combination of Strawson’s account of definite descriptions as devices of singular reference par excellence with the Russellian truth-evaluation of utterances of sentences with descriptions. The complex Russellian proposition is, according to the author’s view, introduced by such utterances into communication as a by-product of the instrumental side of an attempt to make a singular statement. This, precisely like the instrumental aspects of similar attempts exploiting names or demonstratives has to be reflected by analysis but should not (...)
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