Results for 'Petr Glomb����ek'

754 found
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  1.  6
    Mimesis: Metaphysics, Cognition, Pragmatics.Gregory Currie, Petr Kot̓átko & Martin Pokorny (eds.) - 2012 - College Publications.
    The concept of mimesis has been central to philosophical aesthetics from Aristotle to Kendall Walton: in plain terms, it highlights the links between a fictional world or a representational practice on the one hand and the real world on the other. The present collection of essays includes discussions of its general viability and pertinence and of its historical origins, as well as detailed analyses of various relevant issues regarding literature, film, theatre, images and computer games. The individual papers offer new (...)
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  2. ŽIžEk's Jokes.Slavoj ŽI.žek & Momus - 2014 - MIT Press.
    Žižek as comedian: jokes in the service of philosophy.
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  3.  5
    Dedicated to Petr Vopeynka.Bohuslav Balcar & Petr Simon - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 109 (1):2-15.
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  4. Philosophy and Logic: Selected Writings of Petre Botezatu.Petre Botezatu - 1987 - "Al. I. Cuza" University of Iaṣi, Department of Philosophy.
  5.  5
    The Parallax View.Slavoj ŽI.žek - 2009 - MIT Press.
    The Parallax View is Slavoj Zizek's most substantial theoretical work to appear in many years; Zizek himself describes it as his magnum opus. Parallax can be defined as the apparent displacement of an object, caused by a change in observational position. Zizek is interested in the "parallax gap" separating two points between which no synthesis or mediation is possible, linked by an "impossible short circuit" of levels that can never meet. From this consideration of parallax, Zizek begins a rehabilitation of (...)
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  6.  8
    The Parallax View.Slavoj ŽI.žek - 2006 - MIT Press.
    The Parallax View is Slavoj Zizek's most substantial theoretical work to appear in many years; Zizek himself describes it as his magnum opus. Parallax can be defined as the apparent displacement of an object, caused by a change in observational position. Zizek is interested in the "parallax gap" separating two points between which no synthesis or mediation is possible, linked by an "impossible short circuit" of levels that can never meet. From this consideration of parallax, Zizek begins a rehabilitation of (...)
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  7.  3
    The Puppet and the Dwarf: The Perverse Core of Christianity.Slavoj ŽI.žek - 2003 - MIT Press.
    Slavoj Zizek has been called "an academic rock star" and "the wild man of theory"; his writing mixes astonishing erudition and references to pop culture in order to dissect current intellectual pieties. In The Puppet and the Dwarf he offers a close reading of today's religious constellation from the viewpoint of Lacanian psychoanalysis. He critically confronts both predominant versions of today's spirituality--New Age gnosticism and deconstructionist-Levinasian Judaism--and then tries to redeem the "materialist" kernel of Christianity. His reading of Christianity is (...)
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  8. Privacy, Individuality, Rules: A Response to Petr Glombicek.Petr Kot'atko - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (2):211-234.
     
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  9. The Monstrosity of Christ: Paradox or Dialectic?Slavoj ŽI.žek & John Milbank - 2009 - MIT Press.
    A militant Marxist atheist and a "Radical Orthodox" Christian theologiansquare off on everything from the meaning of theology and Christ to the war machine of corporatemafia.
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  10.  66
    Is Multiset Consequence Trivial?Petr Cintula & Francesco Paoli - 2016 - Synthese 199 (Suppl 3):741-765.
    Dave Ripley has recently argued against the plausibility of multiset consequence relations and of contraction-free approaches to paradox. For Ripley, who endorses a nontransitive theory, the best arguments that buttress transitivity also push for contraction—whence it is wiser for the substructural logician to go nontransitive from the start. One of Ripley’s allegations is especially insidious, since it assumes the form of a trivialisation result: it is shown that if a multiset consequence relation can be associated to a closure operator in (...)
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  11.  63
    Weakly Implicative (Fuzzy) Logics I: Basic Properties. [REVIEW]Petr Cintula - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (6):673-704.
    This paper presents two classes of propositional logics (understood as a consequence relation). First we generalize the well-known class of implicative logics of Rasiowa and introduce the class of weakly implicative logics. This class is broad enough to contain many “usual” logics, yet easily manageable with nice logical properties. Then we introduce its subclass–the class of weakly implicative fuzzy logics. It contains the majority of logics studied in the literature under the name fuzzy logic. We present many general theorems for (...)
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  12.  43
    The Proof by Cases Property and its Variants in Structural Consequence Relations.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (4):713-747.
    This paper is a contribution to the study of the rôle of disjunction inAlgebraic Logic. Several kinds of (generalized) disjunctions, usually defined using a suitable variant of the proof by cases property, were introduced and extensively studied in the literature mainly in the context of finitary logics. The goals of this paper are to extend these results to all logics, to systematize the multitude of notions of disjunction (both those already considered in the literature and those introduced in this paper), (...)
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  13.  33
    Distinguished Algebraic Semantics for T -Norm Based Fuzzy Logics: Methods and Algebraic Equivalencies.Petr Cintula, Francesc Esteva, Joan Gispert, Lluís Godo, Franco Montagna & Carles Noguera - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 160 (1):53-81.
    This paper is a contribution to Mathematical fuzzy logic, in particular to the algebraic study of t-norm based fuzzy logics. In the general framework of propositional core and Δ-core fuzzy logics we consider three properties of completeness with respect to any semantics of linearly ordered algebras. Useful algebraic characterizations of these completeness properties are obtained and their relations are studied. Moreover, we concentrate on five kinds of distinguished semantics for these logics–namely the class of algebras defined over the real unit (...)
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  14.  19
    Admissible Rules in the Implication–Negation Fragment of Intuitionistic Logic.Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (2):162-171.
    Uniform infinite bases are defined for the single-conclusion and multiple-conclusion admissible rules of the implication–negation fragments of intuitionistic logic and its consistent axiomatic extensions . A Kripke semantics characterization is given for the structurally complete implication–negation fragments of intermediate logics, and it is shown that the admissible rules of this fragment of form a PSPACE-complete set and have no finite basis.
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  15. How to Understand the Body with the Body. Phenomenological Contribution to Overcoming the Limits of Mechanistic Paradigm in Physiotherapy.Petr Kříž & Jan Halák - 2022 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 44 (1):3-35.
    [In Czech] This article aims to explain how Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological account of embodiment contributes to the theory and practice of physiotherapy. The mechanistic conception of the body, to which physiotherapy usually refers, assumes a universal model of its functioning and interprets its relationship to the environment causally. In fact, however, it does not allow a satisfactory explanation of the efficiency of the therapeutic methods used in practice. In contrast, Merleau-Ponty’s concept of motor intentionality points to the fact that the body (...)
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  16. What Can Artificial Intelligence Do for Scientific Realism?Petr Spelda & Vit Stritecky - 2020 - Axiomathes 31 (1):85-104.
    The paper proposes a synthesis between human scientists and artificial representation learning models as a way of augmenting epistemic warrants of realist theories against various anti-realist attempts. Towards this end, the paper fleshes out unconceived alternatives not as a critique of scientific realism but rather a reinforcement, as it rejects the retrospective interpretations of scientific progress, which brought about the problem of alternatives in the first place. By utilising adversarial machine learning, the synthesis explores possibility spaces of available evidence for (...)
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  17.  45
    Structural Completeness in Fuzzy Logics.Petr Cintula & George Metcalfe - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (2):153-182.
    Structural completeness properties are investigated for a range of popular t-norm based fuzzy logics—including Łukasiewicz Logic, Gödel Logic, Product Logic, and Hájek's Basic Logic—and their fragments. General methods are defined and used to establish these properties or exhibit their failure, solving a number of open problems.
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  18.  32
    Implicational (Semilinear) Logics I: A New Hierarchy. [REVIEW]Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (4):417-446.
    In abstract algebraic logic, the general study of propositional non-classical logics has been traditionally based on the abstraction of the Lindenbaum-Tarski process. In this process one considers the Leibniz relation of indiscernible formulae. Such approach has resulted in a classification of logics partly based on generalizations of equivalence connectives: the Leibniz hierarchy. This paper performs an analogous abstract study of non-classical logics based on the kind of generalized implication connectives they possess. It yields a new classification of logics expanding Leibniz (...)
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  19.  89
    Schizophrenia, Dissociation, and Consciousness.Petr Bob & George A. Mashour - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1042-1049.
    Current thinking suggests that dissociation could be a significant comorbid diagnosis in a proportion of schizophrenic patients with a history of trauma. This potentially may explain the term “schizophrenia” in its original definition by Bleuler, as influenced by his clinical experience and personal view. Additionally, recent findings suggest a partial overlap between dissociative symptoms and the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, which could be explained by inhibitory deficits. In this context, the process of dissociation could serve as an important conceptual framework (...)
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  20.  6
    The Legal Mind: A New Introduction to Legal Epistemology.Bartosz Brożek - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    How does a lawyer think? Does legal intuition exist? Do lawyers need imagination? Why is legal language so abstract? It is no longer possible to answer these questions by applying philosophical analysis alone. Recent advances in the cognitive sciences have reshaped our conceptions of the human mental faculties and the tools we use to solve problems. A new picture of the functioning of the legal mind is emerging. In The Legal Mind, Bartosz Brożek uses philosophical arguments and insight from the (...)
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  21.  11
    B. Balcar and F. Franek. Independent Families in Complete Boolean Algebras_. _Transactions of the American Mathematical Society_, Vol. 274 (1982), Pp. 607–618. - Bohuslav Balcar, Jan Pelant, and Petr Simon. _The Space of Ultrafilters on N Covered by Nowhere Dense Sets_. Fundamenta Mathematicae, Vol. 110 (1980), Pp. 11–24. - Boban Velickovic. _OCA and Automorphisms of P(Ω)/Fin. Topology and its Applications, Vol. 49 (1993), Pp. 1–13.Klaas Pieter Hart, B. Balcar, F. Franek, Bohuslav Balcar, Jan Pelant, Petr Simon & Boban Velickovic - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):554.
  22.  19
    “Intelligent” Finance and Treasury Management: What We Can Expect.Petr Polak, Christof Nelischer, Haochen Guo & David C. Robertson - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (3):715-726.
  23.  16
    Implicational Logics II: Additional Connectives and Characterizations of Semilinearity.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2016 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 55 (3-4):353-372.
    This is the continuation of the paper :417–446, 2010). We continue the abstract study of non-classical logics based on the kind of generalized implication connectives they possess and we focus on semilinear logics, i.e. those that are complete with respect to the class of models where the implication defines a linear order. We obtain general characterizations of semilinearity in terms of the intersection-prime extension property, the syntactical semilinearity metarule and the class of finitely subdirectly irreducible models. Moreover, we consider extensions (...)
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  24.  57
    Nonassociative Substructural Logics and Their Semilinear Extensions: Axiomatization and Completeness Properties: Nonassociative Substructural Logics.Petr Cintula, Rostislav Horčík & Carles Noguera - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):394-423.
    Substructural logics extending the full Lambek calculus FL have largely benefited from a systematical algebraic approach based on the study of their algebraic counterparts: residuated lattices. Recently, a nonassociative generalization of FL has been studied by Galatos and Ono as the logic of lattice-ordered residuated unital groupoids. This paper is based on an alternative Hilbert-style presentation for SL which is almost MP -based. This presentation is then used to obtain, in a uniform way applicable to most substructural logics, a form (...)
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  25.  18
    Fuzzy Logic.Petr Hajek - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  26. The Liar Paradox and Fuzzy Logic.Petr Hajek, Jeff Paris & John Shepherdson - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (1):339-346.
    Can one extend crisp Peano arithmetic PA by a possibly many-valued predicate Tr saying "x is true" and satisfying the "dequotation schema" $\varphi \equiv \text{Tr}$ for all sentences $\varphi$? This problem is investigated in the frame of Lukasiewicz infinitely valued logic.
     
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  27. Petr Koťátko: Význam A Komunikaces”.Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Filosoficky Casopis 47:1019-1022.
    [Petr Koťátko: Meaning and Communication].
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  28.  31
    Folkbiology Doesn't Come From Folkpsychology: Evidence From Yukatek Maya in Cross-Cultural Perspective.Scott Atran, Edilberto Ucan Ek', Paulo Sousa, Douglas Medin, Elizabeth Lynch & Valentina Vapnarsky - 2001 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 1 (1):3-42.
    Nearly all psychological research on basic cognitive processes of category formation and reasoning uses sample populations associated with large research institutions in technologically-advanced societies. Lopsided attention to a select participant pool risks biasing interpretation, no matter how large the sample or how statistically reliable the results. The experiments in this article address this limitation. Earlier research with urban-USA children suggests that biological concepts are thoroughly enmeshed with their notions of naive psychology, and strikingly human-centered. Thus, if children are to develop (...)
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  29.  19
    Expanding Observability via Human-Machine Cooperation.Petr Spelda & Vit Stritecky - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-14.
    We ask how to use machine learning to expand observability, which presently depends on human learning that informs conceivability. The issue is engaged by considering the question of correspondence between conceived observability counterfactuals and observable, yet so far unobserved or unconceived, states of affairs. A possible answer lies in importing out of reference frame content which could provide means for conceiving further observability counterfactuals. They allow us to define high-fidelity observability, increasing the level of correspondence in question. To achieve high-fidelity (...)
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  30.  6
    Ethic for Our Existential Predicament.Ek Ledermann - 1970 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 1 (3):37-43.
  31.  23
    Mutual Aid; a Factor of Evolution.Petr Kropotkin - unknown
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  32.  5
    Introducing Conjoint Analysis Method Into Delayed Lotteries Studies: Its Validity and Time Stability Are Higher Than in Adjusting.Michał Białek, ŁUkasz Markiewicz & Przemysław Sawicki - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  33.  13
    A Note on Natural Extensions in Abstract Algebraic Logic.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (4):815-823.
    Transfer theorems are central results in abstract algebraic logic that allow to generalize properties of the lattice of theories of a logic to any algebraic model and its lattice of filters. Their proofs sometimes require the existence of a natural extension of the logic to a bigger set of variables. Constructions of such extensions have been proposed in particular settings in the literature. In this paper we show that these constructions need not always work and propose a wider setting in (...)
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  34.  13
    Implicational Logics III: Completeness Properties.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2018 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 57 (3-4):391-420.
    This paper presents an abstract study of completeness properties of non-classical logics with respect to matricial semantics. Given a class of reduced matrix models we define three completeness properties of increasing strength and characterize them in several useful ways. Some of these characterizations hold in absolute generality and others are for logics with generalized implication or disjunction connectives, as considered in the previous papers. Finally, we consider completeness with respect to matrices with a linear dense order and characterize it in (...)
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  35.  10
    Formal Systems of Fuzzy Logic and Their Fragments.Petr Cintula, Petr Hájek & Rostislav Horčík - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 150 (1-3):40-65.
    Formal systems of fuzzy logic are well-established logical systems and respected members of the broad family of the so-called substructural logics closely related to the famous logic BCK. The study of fragments of logical systems is an important issue of research in any class of non-classical logics. Here we study the fragments of nine prominent fuzzy logics to all sublanguages containing implication. However, the results achieved in the paper for those nine logics are usually corollaries of theorems with much wider (...)
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  36.  8
    ŽIžEk's Jokes.Audun Mortensen (ed.) - 2014 - MIT Press.
    "A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes." -- Ludwig Wittgenstein The good news is that this book offers an entertaining but enlightening compilation of Žižekisms. Unlike any other book by Slavoj Žižek, this compact arrangement of jokes culled from his writings provides an index to certain philosophical, political, and sexual themes that preoccupy him. Žižek's Jokes contains the set-ups and punch lines -- as well as the offenses and insults -- that Žižek is famous (...)
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  37.  25
    An Abstract Approach to Consequence Relations.Petr Cintula, José Gil-férez, Tommaso Moraschini & Francesco Paoli - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic 12 (2):331-371.
    We generalise the Blok–Jónsson account of structural consequence relations, later developed by Galatos, Tsinakis and other authors, in such a way as to naturally accommodate multiset consequence. While Blok and Jónsson admit, in place of sheer formulas, a wider range of syntactic units to be manipulated in deductions, these objects are invariablyaggregatedvia set-theoretical union. Our approach is more general in that nonidempotent forms of premiss and conclusion aggregation, including multiset sum and fuzzy set union, are considered. In their abstract form, (...)
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  38.  27
    A Complete Many-Valued Logic with Product-Conjunction.Petr Hájek, Lluis Godo & Francesc Esteva - 1996 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 35 (3):191-208.
    A simple complete axiomatic system is presented for the many-valued propositional logic based on the conjunction interpreted as product, the coresponding implication (Goguen's implication) and the corresponding negation (Gödel's negation). Algebraic proof methods are used. The meaning for fuzzy logic (in the narrow sense) is shortly discussed.
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  39.  33
    Standard Sets in Nonstandard Set Theory.Petr Andreev & Karel Hrbacek - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (1):165-182.
    We prove that Standardization fails in every nontrivial universe definable in the nonstandard set theory BST, and that a natural characterization of the standard universe is both consistent with and independent of BST. As a consequence we obtain a formulation of nonstandard class theory in the ∈-language.
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  40.  13
    The Limits of Doubt: The Moral and Political Implications of Skepticism.Petr Lom - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Shows how different forms of skepticism can lead to remarkably different moral and political implications.
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  41.  93
    The Liar Paradox and Fuzzy Logic.Petr Hájek, Jeff Paris & John Shepherdson - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (1):339-346.
    Can one extend crisp Peano arithmetic PA by a possibly many-valued predicate Tr(x) saying "x is true" and satisfying the "dequotation schema" $\varphi \equiv \text{Tr}(\bar{\varphi})$ for all sentences φ? This problem is investigated in the frame of Lukasiewicz infinitely valued logic.
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  42.  40
    On Theories and Models in Fuzzy Predicate Logics.Petr Hájek & Petr Cintula - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):863 - 880.
    In the last few decades many formal systems of fuzzy logics have been developed. Since the main differences between fuzzy and classical logics lie at the propositional level, the fuzzy predicate logics have developed more slowly (compared to the propositional ones). In this text we aim to promote interest in fuzzy predicate logics by contributing to the model theory of fuzzy predicate logics. First, we generalize the completeness theorem, then we use it to get results on conservative extensions of theories (...)
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  43.  9
    A Henkin-Style Proof of Completeness for First-Order Algebraizable Logics.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (1):341-358.
  44.  11
    Die empfindungen Des anderen. Ein disput zwischen cartesianer und wittgensteinianer.Ek Specht, N. Erichsen & K. Schuttauf - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 33 (1):305-334.
    Cartesianer und Wittgensteinianer diskutieren über die logischen Grundlagen der Empfindungssprache. Mit einem Gedankenexperiment suggeriert der Cartesianer die Notwendigkeit, "private Objekte" anzunehmen. Der Wittgensteinianer deckt die "grammatische Täuschung" auf, der der Cartesianer dabei unterliegt. Nun sucht dieser, seinen Ansatz zu retten, indem er die Empfindungen des anderen als "theoretische Entitäten" konstruiert: Neucartesianismus. Bestimmte empirische Befunde könnten ihn dabei aber in das Dilemma bringen, entweder seine Theorie oder seine "natürliche Einstellung" zum anderen Menschen aufzugeben. Allerdings bleibt auch dem Wittgensteinianer ein ähnliches Dilemma (...)
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  45.  31
    Normative Systems, Permission and Deontic Logic.Kazimierz Opa?ek & Jan Woleński - 1991 - Ratio Juris 4 (3):334-348.
  46.  9
    Dual Weak Pigeonhole Principle, Pseudo-Surjective Functions, and Provability of Circuit Lower Bounds.Jan Kraj�?Ek - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (1):265-286.
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  47.  5
    [Book Review] Follies and Fallacies in Medicine. [REVIEW]Petr Skrabanek & James McCormick - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17:110-111.
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  48.  8
    These degrees go to eleven: fuzzy logics and gradable predicates.Petr Cintula, Berta Grimau, Carles Noguera & Nicholas J. J. Smith - 2022 - Synthese 200 (6):1-38.
    In the literature on vagueness one finds two very different kinds of degree theory. The dominant kind of account of gradable adjectives in formal semantics and linguistics is built on an underlying framework involving bivalence and classical logic: its degrees are not degrees of truth. On the other hand, fuzzy logic based theories of vagueness—largely absent from the formal semantics literature but playing a significant role in both the philosophical literature on vagueness and in the contemporary logic literature—are logically nonclassical (...)
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  49. The Lexicon: An Introduction. Jež & Elisabetta ek - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book provides an introduction to the study of words, their main properties and how we use them to create meaning. It offers a detailed description of the organizational principles of the lexicon, and of the categories used to classify various lexical phenomena, including polysemy, meaning variation, behaviour in composition, and the interface with pragmatics. Elisabetta Ježek uses empirical data from digitalized corpora and speakers' judgements, combined with the formalisms developed in the field of general and theoretical linguistics, to propose (...)
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  50.  15
    Toward an Expansion of an Enactive Ethics with the Help of Care Ethics.Petr Urban - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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