Results for 'Petr A. Moiseev'

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  1. Privacy, Individuality, Rules: A Response to Petr Glombicek.Petr Kot'atko - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (2):211-234.
     
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  2. Spirituality as a Subject of Academic Studies in Continental Theology of the Twentieth Century.Petr Mikhaylov - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (2):193--207.
    I examine mystical experience through the history of European religious thought, its modern state, and different spiritual practices of the Patristic epoch. The survey gives some definitions: mystical experience is situated in the field of spirituality along with practices of its acquisition -- ascetics; and the fruits of it -- theology and doctrine. The second part of the article is devoted to a wide field of Christian texts as a representative example of the same experience of the crystallization of mystical (...)
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  3.  87
    Schizophrenia, Dissociation, and Consciousness.Petr Bob & George A. Mashour - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1042-1049.
    Current thinking suggests that dissociation could be a significant comorbid diagnosis in a proportion of schizophrenic patients with a history of trauma. This potentially may explain the term “schizophrenia” in its original definition by Bleuler, as influenced by his clinical experience and personal view. Additionally, recent findings suggest a partial overlap between dissociative symptoms and the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, which could be explained by inhibitory deficits. In this context, the process of dissociation could serve as an important conceptual framework (...)
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  4. O expertech a lidech: spasitelské lhaní v časech pandemie [Of Experts and Men: White Lies in the Times of a Pandemic].Petr Špecián & Marek Hudík - 2021 - In Dedičstvo koronakrízy: Ako lepšie zvládnuť ďalšiu pandémiu. Bratislava, Slovensko: pp. 53-74.
    Krize spojená s příchodem pandemie koronaviru ukázala, že užitečné expertní vědění sice podle všeho existuje, ale ne každému, kdo se představí jako expert, bychom měli věřit. Slovy doktora House: „Všichni lžou.“ Lžou i odborníci. Kapitola se zaměřuje na situace, kdy odborník lže takříkajíc „s dobrým úmyslem,“ neboť se domnívá, že pravda by veřejnost vedla k chování, které není společensky žádoucí. V takovém případě se jedná o lhaní paternalistické, protože má ochránit veřejnost před ní samotnou. Ukážeme příklady, kdy k němu dochází, (...)
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  5.  22
    Mutual Aid; a Factor of Evolution.Petr Kropotkin - unknown
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  6.  26
    A Complete Many-Valued Logic with Product-Conjunction.Petr Hájek, Lluis Godo & Francesc Esteva - 1996 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 35 (3):191-208.
    A simple complete axiomatic system is presented for the many-valued propositional logic based on the conjunction interpreted as product, the coresponding implication (Goguen's implication) and the corresponding negation (Gödel's negation). Algebraic proof methods are used. The meaning for fuzzy logic (in the narrow sense) is shortly discussed.
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  7. Petr Koťátko: Význam A Komunikaces”.Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Filosoficky Casopis 47:1019-1022.
    [Petr Koťátko: Meaning and Communication].
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  8.  32
    Implicational (Semilinear) Logics I: A New Hierarchy. [REVIEW]Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (4):417-446.
    In abstract algebraic logic, the general study of propositional non-classical logics has been traditionally based on the abstraction of the Lindenbaum-Tarski process. In this process one considers the Leibniz relation of indiscernible formulae. Such approach has resulted in a classification of logics partly based on generalizations of equivalence connectives: the Leibniz hierarchy. This paper performs an analogous abstract study of non-classical logics based on the kind of generalized implication connectives they possess. It yields a new classification of logics expanding Leibniz (...)
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  9. Tertium Organum: The Third Canon of Thought: A Key to the Enigmas of the World.Petr Demʹi︠a︡novich Uspenskiĭ - 1981 - Vintage Books.
    The revised translation of the world famous Russian philosopher's work about attempting to understand man and his place in creation.
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  10.  2
    Tertium Organum: The Third Canon of Thought, a Key to the Enigmas of the World.Petr Demʹi︠a︡novich Uspenskiĭ - 1981 - Random House.
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  11.  6
    Individuality in Complex Systems: A Constructionist Approach.Lynn Anthonissen & Peter Petré - 2020 - Cognitive Linguistics 31 (2):185-212.
    For a long time, linguists more or less denied the existence of individual differences in grammatical knowledge. While recent years have seen an explosion of research on individual differences, most usage-based research has failed to address this issue and has remained reluctant to study the synergy between individual and community grammars. This paper focuses on individual differences in linguistic knowledge and processing, and examines how these differences can be integrated into a more comprehensive constructionist theory of grammar. The examination is (...)
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  12.  13
    A Note on Natural Extensions in Abstract Algebraic Logic.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (4):815-823.
    Transfer theorems are central results in abstract algebraic logic that allow to generalize properties of the lattice of theories of a logic to any algebraic model and its lattice of filters. Their proofs sometimes require the existence of a natural extension of the logic to a bigger set of variables. Constructions of such extensions have been proposed in particular settings in the literature. In this paper we show that these constructions need not always work and propose a wider setting in (...)
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  13.  9
    A Henkin-Style Proof of Completeness for First-Order Algebraizable Logics.Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (1):341-358.
  14.  30
    A Logical Framework for Graded Predicates.Petr Cintula, Carles Noguera & Nicholas J. J. Smith - 2017 - In Alexandru Baltag, Jeremy Seligman & Tomoyuki Yamada (eds.), Logic, Rationality, and Interaction: LORI 2017. Berlin: Springer. pp. 3-16.
    In this position paper we present a logical framework for modelling reasoning with graded predicates. We distinguish several types of graded predicates and discuss their ubiquity in rational interaction and the logical challenges they pose. We present mathematical fuzzy logic as a set of logical tools that can be used to model reasoning with graded predicates, and discuss a philosophical account of vagueness that makes use of these tools. This approach is then generalized to other kinds of graded predicates. Finally, (...)
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  15.  39
    Svět a věda u Ludwiga von Misese. Esej o misesovské metafyzice.Petr Specian - 2012 - Filozofia 67 (4):335-346.
    The paper deals with von Mises’ metaphysics and argues that his methodological dualism concerns only his epistemology. The framework of Mises´s ontology is materialistic monism. Although Mises strongly criticizes materialism, his critique does not concern metaphysical ontological materialism as long as it does not try to eliminate the specific method of the social sciences. In this sense Mises’ metaphysics is fully naturalistic – it does not include any “spiritual” agents and postulates a world consisting exclusively of elementary physical particles. The (...)
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  16.  10
    N.N. Moiseev and V.S. Stepin : Two Prophets in Their Own Country.V. A. Lektorsky - 2019 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 62 (4):58-62.
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  17.  63
    A New Small Emendation of Gödel's Ontological Proof.Petr Hájek - 2002 - Studia Logica 71 (2):149 - 164.
  18. A Critical Multimodal Analysis of the Romanian Press Coverage of Camp Evictions and Deportations of the Roma Migrants From France.David Machin & Petre Breazu - 2018 - Discourse and Communication 12 (4):339-356.
    In this article, we carry out a Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis of a sample from a larger corpus of Romanian news articles that covered the controversial camp evictions and repatriation of Romanian Roma migrants from France that began in 2010 and continue to the time of writing in 2017. These French government policies have been highly criticized both within France and by international political and aid organizations. However, the analysis shows how these brutal, anti-humanitarian events became recontextualized in the Romanian (...)
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  19. Centrum a periferie v historiografii filosofie: Petr Olivi a středověká nauka o duši.Lukáš Lička - 2016 - In Marek Otisk & Adam Olech (eds.), Filosofie v provincii / Filozofia na prowincji. Ostravská univerzita. pp. 104-119.
    Centre and Periphery in the Historiography of Philosophy: Peter Olivi and Medieval Psychology The paper inquiries into the (historiographical) question what does it mean to be a “marginal thinker” in the context of the medieval philosophy. The question is investigated on the example of Franciscan philosopher and theologian Peter Olivi (1248/49–1298) and his philosophical psychology. First, a preliminary option is introduced: for a thinker, being “marginal” depends on his relation to who is considered to be canonical. Since the most famous (...)
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  20.  16
    Petr Hájek, Lluis Godo, and Francesc Esteva. A Complete Many-Valued Logic with Product-Conjunction. Archive for Mathematical Logic, Vol. 35 , Pp. 191–208. [REVIEW]Franco Montagna - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):346-347.
  21.  10
    Petr Vopěnka.A. Sochor - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 109 (1-2):1-8.
  22.  34
    A New Look at Evolution: Marx, Teilhard de Chardin, Vernadsky.Nikita Moiseev - 1993 - World Futures 36 (1):1-19.
  23.  96
    Human Induction in Machine Learning: A Survey of the Nexus.Petr Spelda & Vit Stritecky - forthcoming - ACM Computing Surveys.
    As our epistemic ambitions grow, the common and scientific endeavours are becoming increasingly dependent on Machine Learning (ML). The field rests on a single experimental paradigm, which consists of splitting the available data into a training and testing set and using the latter to measure how well the trained ML model generalises to unseen samples. If the model reaches acceptable accuracy, an a posteriori contract comes into effect between humans and the model, supposedly allowing its deployment to target environments. Yet (...)
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  24.  8
    A Wild Model of Linear Arithmetic and Discretely Ordered Modules.Petr Glivický & Pavel Pudlák - 2017 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 63 (6):501-508.
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  25.  7
    A Perspective on Research on Dishonesty: Limited External Validity Due to the Lack of Possibility of Self-Selection in Experimental Designs.Petr Houdek - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  26.  65
    Petr Nigri z Kadaně a jeho pojetí „pomyslného jsoucna“.Efrem Jindracek - 2011 - Filosoficky Casopis 59 (5):717-732.
    Petrus Nigri (Schwarz) se narodil západočeské Kadani (něm. Kaaden) kolem roku 1435 a spolu se svými třemi bratry vstoupil v Německu do dominikánského řádu. Během svého studia prošel velkou část Evropy (Německo, Itálii, Španělsko, Čechy a Maďarsko) a nakonec se stal rektorem generálního studia v Budíně (1481). Obecně je znám spíše jako význačný středověký hebraista. Do dějin filosofie se zapsal zvláště jako autor Clipeus thomsitarum (před r. 1474), což je filosofický komentář na Porfýriův Úvod (Isagoge) a na aristotelovské Kategorie, formou (...)
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  27.  29
    Význam a interpretace Petra Koťátka.Petr Glombíček - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (1):51-74.
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  28.  15
    A Book of Middle English.J. A. Burrow, Thorlac Turville-Petre.Peter Nicholson - 1994 - Speculum 69 (1):115-117.
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  29. Pëtr I͡akovlevich Chaadaev: Filosofskoe I Publit͡sisticheskoe Nasledie.P. I͡A Chaadaev - 2008
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  30. Philosophical Letters & Apology of a Madman.Petr Iakovlevich Chaadaev & Mary-Barbara Zeldin - 1969
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  31.  26
    A Note on the Normal Form of Closed Formulas of Interpretability Logic.Petr Hájek & Vítězslav Švejdar - 1991 - Studia Logica 50 (1):25 - 28.
    Each closed (i.e. variable free) formula of interpretability logic is equivalent in ILF to a closed formula of the provability logic G, thus to a Boolean combination of formulas of the form n.
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  32.  12
    A Note on the First‐Order Logic of Complete BL‐Chains.Petr Hájek & Franco Montagna - 2008 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 54 (4):435-446.
    In [10] it is claimed that the set of predicate tautologies of all complete BL-chains and the set of all standard tautologies coincide. As noticed in [11], this claim is wrong. In this paper we show that a complete BL-chain B satisfies all standard BL-tautologies iff for any transfinite sequence of elements of B, the condition ∧i ∈ I = 2 holds in B.
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  33.  41
    SumatraTT: Towards a Universal Data Preprocessor.Petr Aubrecht, Filip Zelezny, Petr Miksovsky, Olga Stepankova & Olga Tdpclnkovcl - 2002 - In Robert Trappl (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems. Austrian Society for Cybernetics Studies. pp. 818-823.
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  34.  62
    A path to authenticity: Kierkegaard and Dostoevsky on existential transformation.Petr Vaškovic - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (1):81-108.
    While there has been considerable interest in the writings of Søren Kierkegaard and Fyodor Dostoevsky, both of whom are considered seminal existential thinkers, relatively little has been said about similarities in their thought. In this paper, I propose to read their philosophical and literary works together as texts that offer an elaborate model of an existential religious transformation. Both Kierkegaard and Dostoevsky sketch a path leading from the inauthentic, internally fragmented and egotistic self to the authentically Christian, humble and loving (...)
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  35.  27
    Petr Kolář: Pravda a Fakt, Filosofia, Praha, 2002.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    Nová kniha Petra Koláře, Pravda a fakt (Filosofia, Praha, 2002) je věnována tématu, kterým se Kolář částečně zabýval již ve své předchozí knize: teoriím pravdivosti a zejména teorii korespondenční. Diskuse o tom, jak explikovat pojem pravdy či pravdivosti se analytickou filosofií táhnou od jejích počátků, a rozdmychány byly zejména výsledky Tarského matematických analýz tohoto pojmu1. Kolář v první části knihy probírá a srovnává hlavní kategorie těch teorií, které jsou výsledky těchto diskusí (některé z nich samozřejmě tak či onak existovaly dávno (...)
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  36.  60
    Rational Pavelka Predicate Logic is a Conservative Extension of Łukasiewicz Predicate Logic.Petr Hájek, Jeff Paris & John Shepherdson - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):669-682.
    Rational Pavelka logic extends Lukasiewicz infinitely valued logic by adding truth constants r̄ for rationals in [0, 1]. We show that this is a conservative extension. We note that this shows that provability degree can be defined in Lukasiewicz logic. We also give a counterexample to a soundness theorem of Belluce and Chang published in 1963.
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  37.  6
    A Remark on Stories, Texts, and Sentences.Petr Sgall - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):608.
  38. Tomáš a Kajetán o Analogii Jmen.Petr DvoŘÁk - 2008 - Filosoficky Casopis 56:468-472.
    [Aquinas and Cajetan on the analogy of names].
     
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  39.  22
    Petr Chelčický: A Radical Separatist in Hussite Bohemia. Murray L. Wagner.Howard Kaminsky - 1985 - Speculum 60 (2):463-464.
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  40.  1
    Alfred Loisy: His Religious Significance.Maude D. Petre - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1944, this book presents a study of the life and work of Roman Catholic priest and scholar Alfred Loisy, written by fellow Modernist Maude Petre. Petre died shortly after completing this short biography, and the text begins with a note on her life by James A. Walker. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in this important figure in the controversial Catholic Modernist movement.
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  41. A Report on Kant's Common Sense.Petr Glombicek - 2009 - Filosoficky Casopis 57 (6):893-913.
  42.  6
    Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science.Petr Hájek, Luis Valdés-Villanueva & Dag Westerståhl (eds.) - 2005 - College Publications.
    This book collects most of the invited papers presented at the 12th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science in Oviedo, August 2003. It contains state of the art accounts of ongoing work by a selection of the most renowned researchers in the field. The papers in the Logic section deal with topics in mathematical logic, as well as philosophical logic, and the area of logic and computation. The section on General Methodology contains articles on models, theories, probability, (...)
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  43.  5
    Ultrasociality: When Institutions Make a Difference.Petr Houdek, Julie Novakova & Dan Stastny - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  44.  25
    A Note on the Notion of Truth in Fuzzy Logic.Petr Hájek & John Shepherdson - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 109 (1-2):65-69.
    In fuzzy predicate logic, assignment of truth values may be partial, i.e. the truth value of a formula in an interpretation may be undefined . A logic is supersound if each provable formula is true in each interpretation in which the truth value of is defined. It is shown that among the logics given by continuous t-norms, Gödel logic is the only one that is supersound; all others are not supersound. This supports the view that the usual restriction of semantics (...)
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  45.  39
    K modálnímu ontologickému důkazu: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Petr Dvořák - 2004 - Studia Neoaristotelica 1 (1/2):33-69.
    The article deals with various modal versions of the ontological argument from N. Malcolm’s to P. Tichý’s interpretation of Anselm’s second proof. Three key presuppositions of the modal proof are pin-pointed and examined. The principal problem with the proof seems to be the notion of necessary existence attributed to God. More precisely, the question is whether this is not too strong an attribute, for then there would not be a situation, i.e. a possible world, consistently thinkable which precludes the existence (...)
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  46.  8
    In Defense of Destructive Criticism.(A Dialogue Between a Critic C and an Apologist A in an Unnamed Medical School).Petr Skrabanek - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (1):19-26.
  47. Differences in the Course of Physiological Functions and in Subjective Evaluations in Connection With Listening to the Sound of a Chainsaw and to the Sounds of a Forest.Petr Fiľo & Oto Janoušek - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    We explored differences in the course of physiological functions and in the subjective evaluations in response to listening to a 7-min recording of the sound of a chainsaw and to the sounds of a forest. A Biofeedback 2000x-pert apparatus was used for continual recording of the following physiological functions in 50 examined persons: abdominal and thoracic respiration and their amplitude and frequency, electrodermal activity, finger skin temperature, heart rate and heart rate variability. The group of 25 subjects listening to the (...)
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  48.  47
    Zápasníci s Přírodou: Vědci a Ti Druzí. [REVIEW]Petr Pavlas - 2013 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 35 (1):162-169.
    Recenze: Peter HARRISON - Ronald L. NUMBERS - Michael H. SHANK Wrestling with Nature: From Omens to Science. Chicago: Univer- sity of Chicago Press 2011, 416 s.
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  49.  2
    Chytrost Bez Porozumění: Hypotéza Kulturní Inteligence a Její Limity.Petr Matějíček - forthcoming - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science:1-27.
    Humans are remarkably adaptable, and therefore a successful species. There are many speculative answers to the question of why this is so. One of them represents the cultural intelligence hypothesis, which consid-ers cultural learning skills as the key to human success. This work aims to present the hypothesis of cultural intelligence as a viable alternative to more conventional approaches within the debate about the origin of human intelligence, such as the hypothesis of general and improvisational intelligence. Theirmutual comparison shows that (...)
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  50.  11
    A Copernican Turn in Temporal Logics.Petr Švarný - unknown
    The article discusses the role of observers in perception of flow of time. It compares two established logics, Branching Space-times and Branching Continuations to a new logic based on Barbour’s timeless approach to physics. The article shows that the introduction of observer based valuation allows for the same evaluation of statements in both temporal and atemporal logics. We show this on the evaluation of statements about the future. Therefore we reach the conclusion that ontological time is not necessary for the (...)
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