Results for 'Peter M. Madsen'

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  1.  33
    A Stakeholder–Human Capital Perspective on the Link Between Social Performance and Executive Compensation.Peter M. Madsen & John B. Bingham - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (1):1-30.
    ABSTRACT:The link between firm corporate social performance and executive compensation could be driven by a sorting effect, or by an incentive effect. Existing empirical work focuses exclusively on the incentive effect. In contrast, in this paper we explore the sorting effect of firm CSP on the initial compensation of newly hired executives. In doing so, we develop a novel theoretical approach based on an integration of stakeholder theory and human capital theory, suggesting a positive association between the initial compensation of (...)
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  2.  41
    Comments on Kenneth M. Bond, “to Stay or to Leave: The Moral Dilemma of Divestment of South African Assets”.Peter Madsen - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1-2):19 - 21.
  3.  17
    Dewey's Democracy and Education Revisited: Contemporary Discourses for Democratic Education and Leadership.Clay Baulch, Nichole E. Bourgeois, Peter Hlebowitsh, Raymond A. Horn, Karen Embry-Jenlink, Patrick M. Jenlink, Timothy B. Jones, Andrew Kaplan, Jarod Lambert, John Leonard, Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela, Jean A. Madsen, Kathy Sernak, Robert J. Starratt, Lee Stewart, Duncan Waite & Susan Field Waite (eds.) - 2009 - R&L Education.
    This book presents a collection of contemporary discourses that reconsider the relationship of democracy as a political ideology and American ideal and education as the foundation of preparing democratic citizens in America.
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  4. Understanding Curriculum: An Introduction to the Study of Historical and Contemporary Curriculum Discourses (William Pinar, William M. Reynolds, Patrick Slattery and Peter M. Taubman). [REVIEW]M. Peters - 1999 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 31:254-258.
     
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  5.  6
    (J.M.) Madsen Eager to Be Roman: Greek Response to Roman Rule in Pontus and Bithynia London: Duckworth, 2009. Pp. Ix + 166. Illus. £50. 9780715637531. [REVIEW]Anna Lucilla Boozer - 2011 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 131:223-224.
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  6.  5
    (J.M.) Madsen Cassius Dio. Pp. Viii + 133. London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020. Paper, £18.99, US$25.95 (Cased, £60, US$80). ISBN: 978-1-350-03337-5 (978-1-350-03336-8 Hbk). [REVIEW]Alex Imrie - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (2):530-530.
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  7.  49
    The Intellectual Powers: A Study of Human Nature.Peter M. S. Hacker - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Intellectual Powers_ is a philosophical investigation into the cognitive and cogitative powers of mankind. It develops a connective analysis of our powers of consciousness, intentionality, mastery of language, knowledge, belief, certainty, sensation, perception, memory, thought, and imagination, by one of Britain’s leading philosophers. It is an essential guide and handbook for philosophers, psychologists, and cognitive neuroscientists. The culmination of 45 years of reflection on the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and the nature of the human person No other book in (...)
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  8. Précis of Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart.Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):727-741.
    How can anyone be rational in a world where knowledge is limited, time is pressing, and deep thought is often an unattainable luxury? Traditional models of unbounded rationality and optimization in cognitive science, economics, and animal behavior have tended to view decision-makers as possessing supernatural powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and endless time. But understanding decisions in the real world requires a more psychologically plausible notion of bounded rationality. In Simple heuristics that make us smart (Gigerenzer et al. 1999), we (...)
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  9. Newman's Objection.Peter M. Ainsworth - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):135-171.
    This paper is a review of work on Newman's objection to epistemic structural realism (ESR). In Section 2, a brief statement of ESR is provided. In Section 3, Newman's objection and its recent variants are outlined. In Section 4, two responses that argue that the objection can be evaded by abandoning the Ramsey-sentence approach to ESR are considered. In Section 5, three responses that have been put forward specifically to rescue the Ramsey-sentence approach to ESR from the modern versions of (...)
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  10.  2
    Philosophy and Logic in Central Europe From Bolzano to Tarski.Peter M. Simons - 1992 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This book with an introduction by Witold Marciszewski, views the history of philosophy and logic from 1837 to 1939 from the perspective of the cradle of modern exact philosophy - Central Europe. In a series of case studies, it illuminates the developments in this region, most notably in Austria and Poland, examining thinkers such as Bolzano, Brentano, Meinong, Husserl, Twardowski, Lesniewski, and Tarski, as well as the logicians like Frege and Russell with whom they bore a close resemblance. The book (...)
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  11.  27
    Environments That Make Us Smart Ecological Rationality.Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2007 - Current Directions in Psychological Science 16 (3):167-171.
    Traditional views of rationality posit general-purpose decision mechanisms based on logic or optimization. The study of ecological rationality focuses on uncovering the “adaptive toolbox” of domain-specific simple heuristics that real, computationally bounded minds employ, and explaining how these heuristics produce accurate decisions by exploiting the structures of information in the environments in which they are applied. Knowing when and how people use particular heuristics can facilitate the shaping of environments to engender better decisions.
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  12. What Should We Want From a Robot Ethic.Peter M. Asaro - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6 (12):9-16.
    There are at least three things we might mean by "ethics in robotics": the ethical systems built into robots, the ethics of people who design and use robots, and the ethics of how people treat robots. This paper argues that the best approach to robot ethics is one which addresses all three of these, and to do this it ought to consider robots as socio-technical systems. By so doing, it is possible to think of a continuum of agency that lies (...)
     
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  13.  52
    32 Peter M. Sullivan.Peter Sullivan - manuscript
    Define ‘het’ as a predicate that truly applies to itself if and only if it does not truly apply to itself and which also truly applies to any predicate that does not truly apply to its own name. We know that the attempted definition of ‘hes’ is a failure, and so a fortiori is that of ‘het’. Similarly, there is no Qussell class which contains itself as a member if and only if it does not contain itself as a member, (...)
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  14. Appearance and Reality: A Philosophical Investigation Into Perception and Perceptual Qualities.PETER M. S. HACKER - 1987 - Philosophy 64 (247):116-119.
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  15.  96
    The Psychology of Action: Linking Cognition and Motivation to Behavior.Peter M. Gollwitzer & John A. Bargh (eds.) - 1996 - Guilford.
    Moving beyond the traditional, and unproductive, rivalry between the fields of motivation and cognition, this book integrates the two domains to shed new light ...
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  16.  40
    Building the Theory of Ecological Rationality.Peter M. Todd & Henry Brighton - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):9-30.
    While theories of rationality and decision making typically adopt either a single-powertool perspective or a bag-of-tricks mentality, the research program of ecological rationality bridges these with a theoretically-driven account of when different heuristic decision mechanisms will work well. Here we described two ways to study how heuristics match their ecological setting: The bottom-up approach starts with psychologically plausible building blocks that are combined to create simple heuristics that fit specific environments. The top-down approach starts from the statistical problem facing the (...)
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  17. Wittgenstein on Grammar, Theses and Dogmatism.Peter M. S. Hacker - 2012 - Philosophical Investigations 35 (1):1-17.
    It is sometimes argued that Wittgenstein's conception of grammar and the role he allocated to grammar (in his sense of the term) in philosophy changed between the Big Typescript and the Philosophical Investigations. It is also held that some of the grammatical propositions Wittgenstein asserted prior to his writing of the Philosophical Investigations are theses, doctrines, opinions or dogmatism, which he abandoned by 1936/37. The purpose of this paper is to show these claims to be misunderstandings and misinterpretations. On all (...)
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  18. Identity Theories of Truth and the Tractatus.Peter M. Sullivan - 2005 - Philosophical Investigations 28 (1):43–62.
    The paper is concerned with the idea that the world is the totality of facts, not of things – with what is involved in thinking of the world in that way, and why one might do so. It approaches this issue through a comparison between Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and the identity theory of truth proposed by Hornsby and McDowell.The paper’s positive conclusion is that there is a genuine affinity between these two. A negative contention is that the modern identity theory is (...)
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  19. Farewell to Substance: A Differentiated Leave-Taking.Peter M. Simons - 1998 - Ratio 11 (3):235–252.
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  20. Conditionalization and Expected Utility.Peter M. Brown - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (3):415-419.
  21. On Trying to Be Resolute: A Response to Kremer on the Tractatus.Peter M. Sullivan - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):43-78.
    A way of reading the Tractatus has been proposed which, according to its advocates, is importantly novel and essentially distinct from anything to be found in the work of such previously influential students of the book as Anscombe, Stenius, Hacker or Pears. The point of difference is differently described, but the currently most used description seems to be Goldfarb’s term ‘resolution’ – hence one speaks of ‘the resolute reading’. I’ll shortly ask what resolution is. For now, it is enough that (...)
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  22. The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell.Peter M. Harman - 2001
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  23.  68
    The Evolutionary Psychology of Extraterrestrial Intelligence: Are There Universal Adaptations in Search, Aversion, and Signaling?Peter M. Todd & Geoffrey F. Miller - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (2):131-141.
    To understand the possible forms of extraterrestrial intelligence, we need not only astrobiology theories about how life evolves given habitable planets, but also evolutionary psychology theories about how intelligence emerges given life. Wherever intelligent organisms evolve, they are likely to face similar behavioral challenges in their physical and social worlds. The cognitive mechanisms that arise to meet these challenges may then be copied, repurposed, and shaped by further evolutionary selection to deal with more abstract, higher-level cognitive tasks such as conceptual (...)
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  24.  17
    A Simple Computational Theory of General Collective Intelligence.Peter M. Krafft - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (2):374-392.
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  25. What is the Tractatus About?Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - In Max Kölbel & Bernhard Weiss (eds.), Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance. Routledge. pp. 28-41.
     
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  26.  10
    A Model for Visual Shape Recognition.Peter M. Milner - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (6):521-535.
  27. Frege's Logic.Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 659-750.
  28. The Control of the Unwanted.Peter M. Gollwitzer, Ute C. Bayer & Kathleen C. McCulloch - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 485--515.
  29.  38
    The Denotation of Generic Terms in Ancient Indian Philosophy: Grammar, Nyāya, and Mīmāṃsā.Peter M. Scharf - 1996 - American Philosophical Society.
    Introduction By the late fifth century BCE Panini had composed the Astadhyayi, consisting of nearly 4000 rules giving a precise and fairly complete ...
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  30.  97
    The General Propositional Form is a Variable’.Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):43-56.
    Wittgenstein presents in the Tractatus a variable purporting to capture the general form of proposition. One understanding of what Wittgenstein is doing there, an understanding in line with the ‘new’ reading of his work championed by Diamond, Conant and others, sees it as a deflationary or even an implosive move—a move by which a concept sometimes put by philosophers to distinctively metaphysical use is replaced, in a perspicuous notation, by an innocent device of generalization, thereby dispersing the clouds of philosophy (...)
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  31. The Totality of Facts.Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):175–192.
    Wittgenstein, in the Tractatus, conceives the world as ‘the totality of facts’. Type-stratification threatens that conception : the totality of facts is an obvious example of an illegitimate totality. Wittgenstein’s notion of truthoperation evidently has some role to play in avoiding that threat, allowing propositions, and so facts, to constitute a single type. The paper seeks to explain that role in a way that integrates the ‘philosophical’ and ‘technical’ pressures on the notion of an operation.
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  32. Frege: Importance and Legacy. [REVIEW]Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):648.
    Nine of the papers collected here derive directly from a conference organized by Schirn in Munich in 1991. Seven others, three of them reprinted, have been intelligently chosen to complement the original nine. The collection has no overarching theme, nor is it dominated by any particular approach to Frege’s thought. It is “a mixed selection”, and aims to reflect “the prevailing tendency in current Frege scholarship”. The influence of Dreben is less in evidence than one might expect, but otherwise the (...)
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  33.  7
    Simultaneous Consonance in Music Perception and Composition.Peter M. C. Harrison & Marcus T. Pearce - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (2):216-244.
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  34.  80
    Token resistance.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - Analysis 42 (4):195.
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  35.  21
    Max Horkheimer: A New Interpretation.Peter M. R. Stirk - 1992 - Barnes & Noble.
    Introduction Max Horkheimer was born on February in Stuttgart. By the time he died, on 7 July in Nuremberg, he had played a decisive role in launching and ...
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  36. De Veritate: Austro-Polish Contributions to the Theory of Truth From Brentano to Tarski.Peter M. Simons & Jan Wolenski - 1989 - In Klemens Szaniawski (ed.), The Vienna Circle and the Lvov-Warsaw School. Dordrecht.
  37.  94
    Brentano's Reform of Logic.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Topoi 6 (1):25-38.
  38.  20
    The Use of Usus and the Function of Functio: Teleology and Its Limits in Descartes’s Physiology.Peter M. Distelzweig - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (3):377-399.
    rené descartes famously and explicitly rejects appeals to final causes in natural philosophy, suggesting that such appeals depend on knowledge of God’s inscrutable ends.For since I now know that my own nature is very weak and limited, whereas the nature of God is immense, incomprehensible and infinite, I also know without more ado that he is capable of countless things whose causes are beyond my knowledge. And for this reason alone I consider the whole kind of causes, customarily sought from (...)
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  39.  7
    Caterina Zanfi: Bergson und die deutsche Philosophie. 1907–1932. Mit einem Vorwort von Frédéric Worms. In der Übersetzung von Peter Nickl. Freiburg 2018. Karl Alber Verlag. 336 S. [REVIEW]Peter M. Steiner - 2018 - Philosophische Rundschau 65 (4):338.
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  40.  45
    Me and Mine.Peter M. Jaworski & David Shoemaker - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):1-22.
    In this paper we articulate and diagnose a previously unrecognized problem for theories of entitlement, what we call the Claims Conundrum. It applies to all entitlements that are originally generated by some claim-generating action, such as laboring, promising, or contract-signing. The Conundrum is spurred by the very plausible thought that a later claim to the object to which one is entitled is a function of whether that original claim-generating action is attributable to one. This is further assumed to depend on (...)
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  41.  49
    Husserl and Frege. [REVIEW]Peter M. Simons - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):420.
  42.  10
    The Totality of Facts.Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (1):175-192.
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  43. Agricultural Enlightenment: Knowledge, Technology, and Nature, 1750-1840.Peter M. Jones - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Agricultural Enlightenment explores the economic underpinnings of the Enlightenment to argue the case that the expansion of the so-called knowledge economy in the second half of the eighteenth century powerfully influenced governments and all those who worked in agriculture, or who sought to derive profit from the productive use of the land.
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  44.  70
    The Functional Model of Sentential Complexity.Peter M. Sullivan - 1992 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 21 (1):91 - 108.
  45.  22
    The Context of the Phenomenological Movement.Peter M. Simons - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (3):426-428.
  46.  56
    On Understanding Leśniewski.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - History and Philosophy of Logic 3 (2):165-191.
    This paper assesses those features of Lesniewski's Ontology which make it difficult to understand for logicians accustomed to more orthodox systems of logic. It is seen that certain general features of presentation and content can, by selective acceptance or modification, be accommodated with a fairly orthodox viewpoint. The chief difficulty lies in the interpretation of Le?niewski's names, and the constant ???. Four interpretations are suggested in turn: Le?niewski's names as monadic predicates; as class terms; as common nouns; and as empty, (...)
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  47. The 'Truth' in Solipsism, and Wittgenstein's Rejection of the A Priori.Peter M. Sullivan - 1996 - European Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):195-220.
  48.  94
    Frege's Theory of Real Numbers.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):25--44.
    Frege's theory of real numbers has undeservedly received almost no attention, in part because what we have is only a fragment. Yet his theory is interesting for the light it throws on logicism, and it is quite different from standard modern approaches. Frege polemicizes vigorously against his contemporaries, sketches the main features of his own radical alternative, and begins the formal development. This paper summarizes and expounds what he has to say, and goes on to reconstruct the most important steps (...)
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  49.  44
    The Intersection of the Mathematical and Natural Sciences: The Subordinate Sciences in Aristotle.Peter M. Distelzweig - 2013 - Apeiron 46 (2):85 - 105.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  50.  13
    The Volitional Benefits of Planning.Peter M. Gollwitzer - 1996 - In P. Gollwitzer & John A. Bargh (eds.), The Psychology of Action: Linking Cognition and Motivation to Behavior. Guilford. pp. 13--287.
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