Results for 'Peter Gouras'

979 found
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  1.  11
    Analyzing the brain.Peter Gouras - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):540-541.
    Neural organization describes an approach to analyzing neural function in anatomically defined subsystems in the brain, the hippocampus, cerebellum, sensory systems, thalamus, basal ganglia, and cerebral cortex, combining information on neurocircuitry with mathematical models that link structure with function. It is an up-to-date source on the major schemes and background for neural modeling of the central nervous system and is combined with a Web site that includes tutorials and on-line modeling possibilities.
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  2.  38
    Multivariant color vision.Peter Gouras - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):37-37.
  3.  7
    "Von Morgenröten, die noch nicht geleuchtet haben": ein Symposium zu Peter Sloterdijk.Peter Weibel (ed.) - 2019 - Berlin: Suhrkamp.
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  4. Just garbage.Peter S. Wenz - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and values: essential readings. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  5. Synergistic environmental virtues: Consumerism and human flourishing.Peter Wenz - 2005 - In Philip Cafaro & Ronald Sandler (eds.), Environmental Virtue Ethics. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 00--213.
     
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  6.  61
    Singular Clues to Causality and Their Use in Human Causal Judgment.Peter A. White - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (1):38-75.
    It is argued that causal understanding originates in experiences of acting on objects. Such experiences have consistent features that can be used as clues to causal identification and judgment. These are singular clues, meaning that they can be detected in single instances. A catalog of 14 singular clues is proposed. The clues function as heuristics for generating causal judgments under uncertainty and are a pervasive source of bias in causal judgment. More sophisticated clues such as mechanism clues and repeated interventions (...)
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  7. Understanding and the limits of formal thinking.Peter C. Wason - 1981 - In Herman Parret & Jacques Bouveresse (eds.), Meaning and understanding. New York: W. de Gruyter. pp. 411--22.
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  8. Why Can An Idea Be Like Nothing But Another Idea? A Conceptual Interpretation of Berkeley's Likeness Principle.Peter West - 2021 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association (First View):1-19.
    Berkeley’s likeness principle is the claim that “an idea can be like nothing but an idea”. The likeness principle is intended to undermine representationalism: the view (that Berkeley attributes to thinkers like Descartes and Locke) that all human knowledge is mediated by ideas in the mind which represent material objects. Yet, Berkeley appears to leave the likeness principle unargued for. This has led to several attempts to explain why Berkeley accepts it. In contrast to ‘metaphysical’ and ‘epistemological’ interpretations available in (...)
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  9.  22
    Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Validation: Dsm, Icd, Rdoc, and Beyond.Peter Zachar, Drozdstoj St Stoyanov, Massimiliano Aragona & Assen Jablensky (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In this important new book in the IPPP series, a group of leading thinkers in psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy offer alternative perspectives that address both the scientific and clinical aspects of psychiatric validation, emphasizing throughout their philosophical and historical considerations.
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  10.  75
    Philosophy is not a science: Margaret Macdonald on the nature of philosophical theories.Peter West - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
    Margaret Macdonald was at the institutional heart of analytic philosophy in Britain in the mid-twentieth century. Yet, her views on the nature of philosophical theories diverge quite considerably from those of many of her contemporaries. In this paper, I focus on her 1953 article ‘Linguistic Philosophy and Perception’, a provocative paper in which Macdonald argues that the value of philosophical theories is more akin to that of poetry or art than science or mathematics. I do so for two reasons. First, (...)
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  11. Ein förmlicher Sebastian und Philipp Emanuel Bach-Kultus" : Sara Levy, geb. Itzig und ihr literarisch-musikalischer Salon.Peter Wollny - 1999 - In Anselm Gerhard (ed.), Musik und Ästhetik im Berlin Moses Mendelssohns. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
  12.  7
    God is, by inference, one dot: paradigm shift.Peter Kien-Hong Yu - 2010 - Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers.
    In September 2008, the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) scientists successfully switched on the historic biggest physics device, the Large ...
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  13. Teaching Margaret Cavendish’s Philosophy: Early Modern Women and the Question of Biography.Peter West - 2024 - Abo: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830 14 (1).
    In my contribution to this Concise Collection on Margaret Cavendish, I focus on teaching Cavendish’s work in the context of philosophy (and, more specifically, Early Modern Philosophy). I have three aims. First, to explain why teaching women from philosophy’s history is crucially important to the discipline. Second, to outline my own reflections on teaching Cavendish’s philosophy. Third, to defend a specific claim about the benefits of teaching Cavendish to philosophy students; namely, that introducing biographical detail alongside philosophical ideas enriches the (...)
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  14. Asking Too Many Questions.Peter Winch - 1996 - In Timothy Tessin & Mario Von der Ruhr (eds.), Philosophy and the grammar of religious belief. New York: St. Martin's Press.
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  15. A philosophical approach to the concept of handedness: The phenomenology of lived experience in left- and right-handers.Peter Westmoreland - 2017 - Laterality 22 (2):233-255.
    This paper provides a philosophical evaluation of the concept of handedness prevalent but largely unspoken in the scientific literature. This literature defines handedness as the preference or ability to use one hand rather than the other across a range of common activities. Using the philosophical discipline of phenomenology, I articulate and critique this conceptualization of handedness. Phenomenology shows defining a concept of handedness by focusing on hand use leads to a right hand biased concept. I argue further that a phenomenological (...)
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  16.  2
    Thetische Theologie: zur Wahrheit der Rede von Gott.Peter Widmann - 1982 - München: C. Kaiser.
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  17.  9
    Die „Interessiertheit der Wahrheit “und die Interessen der Wissenschaftler.Peter Zigman - 2004 - In Steffen Greschonig & Christine S. Sing (eds.), Ideologien zwischen Lüge und Wahrheitsanspruch. Wiesbaden: Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag. pp. 85--102.
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  18. Molyneux's Question: The Irish Debates.Peter West & Manuel Fasko - 2020 - In Brian Glenney Gabriele Ferretti (ed.), Molyneux’s Question and the History of Philosophy. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 122-135.
    William Molyneux was born in Dublin, studied in Trinity College Dublin, and was a founding member of the Dublin Philosophical Society (DPS), Ireland’s counterpart to the Royal Society in London. He was a central figure in the Irish intellectual milieu during the Early Modern period and – along with George Berkeley and Edmund Burke – is one of the best-known thinkers to have come out of that context and out of Irish thought more generally. In 1688, when Molyneux wrote the (...)
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  19. From Pantalaimon to Panpsychism: Margaret Cavendish and His Dark Materials.Peter West - 2020 - In Paradox Lost: His Dark Materials and Philosophy. Chicago, IL, USA:
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  20.  66
    Decolonizing Vocational Education in Togo: Postcolonial, Deweyan, and Feminist Considerations.Tairou Goura & Deborah L. Seltzer-Kelly - 2013 - Education and Culture 29 (1):46-63.
    In his landmark work, Democracy and Education, John Dewey (1916/1980) proposed that "democracy is more than a form of government; it is primarily a mode of associated living, of conjoint communicated experience" (93). Given this, he argued, the role of the system of public education in a democracy must not only facilitate individual development, but do so in a way that simultaneously attends to the larger social good. Preparation for vocation was central to this effort, understood not as narrow technical (...)
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  21. Parallel processing of color-contrast detectors in the visual cortex.P. Gouras - 1985 - In David Rose & Vernon Dobson (eds.), Models of the Visual Cortex. New York: Wiley. pp. 242.
     
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  22. Children as creative thinkers in music: focus on composition.Peter R. Webster - 2008 - In Susan Hallam, Ian Cross & Michael Thaut (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  23.  3
    Grenzüberschreitungen in der Wissenschaft =.Peter Weingart (ed.) - 1995 - Baden-Baden: Nomos.
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  24.  1
    Grenzüberschreitungen in der Wissenschaft =.Peter Weingart (ed.) - 1995 - Baden-Baden: Nomos.
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  25.  9
    Subjectivity and identity: between modernity and postmodernity.Peter V. Zima - 2015 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    "This book is an augmented and updated translation by the author of Theorie des Subjekts: Subjectiviteat und Identiteat zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne, Teubingen, Francke-UTB, 2010 (3rd ed.)"--Title page verso.
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  26.  5
    Die Selbstkritik der Philosophie in der Epoche von Hegel zu Nietzsche.Peter Wild - 1994 - New York: P. Lang.
    In der genannten Epoche werden Grundentscheidungen gefällt, welche die Fundamentalfrage der Philosophie, die Seinsfrage, in die Krisis führen, in den Nihilismus unter ontologischem, metaphysischem, epistemologischem, axiologischem Aspekt. Den Extrempositionen der Systemdenker Hegel, Schopenhauer und Schelling erwachsen in den Hegelkritikern Feuerbach, Br. Bauer, Marx und Stirner Kontrapositionen, die das Wahrheitsproblem der Beliebigkeit unterstellen. Kierkegaard klagt unter existentiellem Aspekt das Problem der Wahrheit ein. Nietzsche überholt durch Abschaffung der Wahrheit alle Positionen,was seinen Standort in der europäischen Denkgeschichte ausmacht und als Ergebnis der (...)
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  27.  16
    Pulzovanie literatúry.Peter Zajac - 1993 - Bratislava: Slovensky spisovatel̓. Edited by Peter Zajac.
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  28.  4
    Tvorivost̕ literatúry.Peter Zajac - 1990 - Bratislava: Slovenský spisovatel̕.
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  29.  39
    Comparisons in the history of philosophy: a review of The metaphysics of Margaret Cavendish and Anne Conway: monism, vitalism, and self-motion, by Marcy P. Lascano, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2023, pp. 240, £54.00 (hb), ISBN: 9780197651636. [REVIEW]Peter West - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy.
    In The Metaphysics of Margaret Cavendish and Anne Conway, Marcy P. Lascano holds up the metaphysical views of two early modern women philosophers alongside one another in order to demonstrate that...
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  30. Statistical Reasoning with Imprecise Probabilities.Peter Walley - 1991 - Chapman & Hall.
    An examination of topics involved in statistical reasoning with imprecise probabilities. The book discusses assessment and elicitation, extensions, envelopes and decisions, the importance of imprecision, conditional previsions and coherent statistical models.
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  31. New Horizons in Psychology.Peter C. Wason - 1966 - Penguin Books.
  32.  2
    Pure Wit: The Revolutionary Life of Margaret Cavendish. Francesca Peacock. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2023 (ISBN 9781837930142). [REVIEW]Peter West - forthcoming - Hypatia.
  33. Reasoning.Peter C. Wason - 1966 - In B. Foss (ed.), New Horizons in Psychology. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 135-151.
  34.  4
    MediaanaRiten: Maske und Modell.Hans Peter Weber - 2002 - Marburg: Tectum. Edited by Bernd Ternes & Herbert Neidhöfer.
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  35. Sein und Sollen im Erfahrungsbereich des Rechtes.Peter Schneider (ed.) - 1970 - Wiesbaden,: F. Steiner.
     
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  36.  6
    Ethik im Management: Antworten auf Fragen der Zeit.Peter Zürn - 1989 - Frankfurt am Main: Frankfurter Zeitung, "Blick durch die Wirtschaft".
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  37. Practical Ethics.Peter Singer - 1979 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler.
    For thirty years, Peter Singer's Practical Ethics has been the classic introduction to applied ethics. For this third edition, the author has revised and updated all the chapters and added a new chapter addressing climate change, one of the most important ethical challenges of our generation. Some of the questions discussed in this book concern our daily lives. Is it ethical to buy luxuries when others do not have enough to eat? Should we buy meat from intensively reared animals? (...)
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  38.  85
    The Consolation of Philosophy.Peter Walsh (ed.) - 1962 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Boethius composed the Consolatio Philosophiae in the sixth century AD whilst awaiting death under torture. He had been condemned on a charge of treason which he protested was manifestly unjust. Though a convinced Christian, in detailing the true end of life which is the soul's knowledge of God, he consoled himself not with Christian precepts but with the tenets of Greek philosophy. This work dominated the intellectual world of the Middle Ages; writers as diverse as Thomas Aquinas, Jean de Meun, (...)
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  39.  5
    Measures of uncertainty in expert systems.Peter Walley - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 83 (1):1-58.
  40.  21
    Prospect Theory: For Risk and Ambiguity.Peter P. Wakker - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Prospect Theory: For Risk and Ambiguity, provides a comprehensive and accessible textbook treatment of the way decisions are made both when we have the statistical probabilities associated with uncertain future events and when we lack them. The book presents models, primarily prospect theory, that are both tractable and psychologically realistic. A method of presentation is chosen that makes the empirical meaning of each theoretical model completely transparent. Prospect theory has many applications in a wide variety of disciplines. The material in (...)
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  41.  52
    Animal liberation: the definitive classic of the animal movement.Peter Singer - 2009 - New York: Ecco Book/Harper Perennial.
    Since its original publication in 1975, this groundbreaking work has awakened millions of people to the existence of "speciesism"—our systematic disregard of nonhuman animals—inspiring a worldwide movement to transform our attitudes to animals and eliminate the cruelty we inflict on them. In Animal Liberation, author Peter Singer exposes the chilling realities of today’s "factory farms" and product-testing procedures—destroying the spurious justifications behind them, and offering alternatives to what has become a profound environmental and social as well as moral issue. (...)
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  42.  26
    Inferences from Multinomal Data: Learning about a bag of marbles (with discussion).Peter Walley - 1996 - Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B 58:3-57.
  43.  32
    Editorial obituary Peter Wason (1924–2003).Peter Wason - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):177-184.
  44.  79
    The impact of socially responsible investment on human resource management: A conceptual framework.Peter Waring & John Lewer - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (1):99-108.
    Socially responsible investment (SRI) has increasingly assumed a major role in global equity markets. In this article we argue that the continued growth in investors seeking to align their ethical concerns with their investment strategies may influence the way in which the employment relationship is managed in publicly-listed corporations. After tracing the historical development of SRI, its implications for the conduct of human resource management (HRM) are examined. We conclude by analysing a number of the key problems associated with investor (...)
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  45.  31
    Researcher Views on Changes in Personality, Mood, and Behavior in Next-Generation Deep Brain Stimulation.Peter Zuk, Clarissa E. Sanchez, Kristin Kostick-Quenet, Katrina A. Muñoz, Lavina Kalwani, Richa Lavingia, Laura Torgerson, Demetrio Sierra-Mercado, Jill O. Robinson, Stacey Pereira, Simon Outram, Barbara A. Koenig, Amy L. McGuire & Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (3):287-299.
    The literature on deep brain stimulation (DBS) and adaptive DBS (aDBS) raises concerns that these technologies may affect personality, mood, and behavior. We conducted semi-structured interviews with researchers (n = 23) involved in developing next-generation DBS systems, exploring their perspectives on ethics and policy topics including whether DBS/aDBS can cause such changes. The majority of researchers reported being aware of personality, mood, or behavioral (PMB) changes in recipients of DBS/aDBS. Researchers offered varying estimates of the frequency of PMB changes. A (...)
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  46.  69
    Varieties of modal (classificatory) and comparative probability.Peter Walley & Terrence L. Fine - 1979 - Synthese 41 (3):321 - 374.
  47.  44
    DBS and Autonomy: Clarifying the Role of Theoretical Neuroethics.Peter Zuk & Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz - 2019 - Neuroethics 14 (1):83-93.
    In this article, we sketch how theoretical neuroethics can clarify the concept of autonomy. We hope that this can both serve as a model for the conceptual clarification of other components of PIAAAS and contribute to the development of the empirical measures that Gilbert and colleagues [1] propose.
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  48. Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science.Peter F. Dominey, Tony J. Prescott, Jeannette Bohg, Andreas K. Engel, Shaun Gallagher, Tobias Heed, Matej Hoffmann, Gunther Knoblich, Wolfgang Prinz & Andrew Schwartz - 2016 - In Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston & Danica Kragic (eds.), The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science. MIT Press. pp. 333-356.
    An action-oriented perspective changes the role of an individual from a passive observer to an actively engaged agent interacting in a closed loop with the world as well as with others. Cognition exists to serve action within a landscape that contains both. This chapter surveys this landscape and addresses the status of the pragmatic turn. Its potential influence on science and the study of cognition are considered (including perception, social cognition, social interaction, sensorimotor entrainment, and language acquisition) and its impact (...)
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  49.  22
    DBS and Autonomy: Clarifying the Role of Theoretical Neuroethics.Peter Zuk & Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz - 2019 - Neuroethics 14 (1):83-93.
    In this article, we sketch how theoretical neuroethics can clarify the concept of autonomy. We hope that this can both serve as a model for the conceptual clarification of other components of PIAAAS and contribute to the development of the empirical measures that Gilbert and colleagues [1] propose.
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  50.  6
    The age of atheists: how we have sought to live since the death of god.Peter Watson - 2014 - New York: Simon & Schuster.
    The distinguished historian and author of The Medici Conspiracy examines atheism as a modern intellectual achievement that has motivated individuals to pursue invention and self-reliance, citing the accomplishments of secular philosophers, scientists and artists who have worked in the absence of religious belief.
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