Results for 'Peter Cowling'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  6
    Levyns’ Law: Explaining the Evolution of a Remarkable Longitudinal Gradient in Cape Plant Diversity.Richard M. Cowling, Peter L. Bradshaw, Jonathan F. Colville & Félix Forest - 2017 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 72 (2):184-201.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  6
    Speeding up to keep up: exploring the use of AI in the research process.Jennifer Chubb, Peter Cowling & Darren Reed - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-19.
    There is a long history of the science of intelligent machines and its potential to provide scientific insights have been debated since the dawn of AI. In particular, there is renewed interest in the role of AI in research and research policy as an enabler of new methods, processes, management and evaluation which is still relatively under-explored. This empirical paper explores interviews with leading scholars on the potential impact of AI on research practice and culture through deductive, thematic analysis to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  1
    Information Capture and Reuse Strategies in Monte Carlo Tree Search, with Applications to Games of Hidden Information.Edward J. Powley, Peter I. Cowling & Daniel Whitehouse - 2014 - Artificial Intelligence 217:92-116.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  38
    Baudisch Andreas, Seese Detlef, Tuschik Hans-Peter, and Weese Martin. Decidability and Generalized Quantifiers. Mathematical Research-Mathematische Forschung, Vol. 3. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1980, XII + 235 Pp. [REVIEW]John Cowles - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (4):907-908.
  5.  20
    Review: Andreas Baudisch, Detlef Seese, Hans-Peter Tuschik, Martin Weese, Decidability and Generalized Quantifiers. [REVIEW]John Cowles - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (4):907-908.
  6. Is It Rape? On Acquaintance Rape and Taking Women's Consent Seriously - by Joan McGregor, Making Sense of Sexual Consent - by Mark Cowling & Paul Reynolds, the Logic of Consent, the Diversity and Deceptiveness of Consent as a Defence to Criminal Conduct - by Peter Westen, and Consent to Sexual Relations - by Lan Wertheimer.David Archard - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):209–221.
  7.  27
    Nash Was a First to Axiomatize Expected Utility.Han Bleichrodt, Chen Li, Ivan Moscati & Peter P. Wakker - 2016 - Theory and Decision 81 (3):309-312.
    Nash is famous for many inventions, but it is less known that he, simultaneously with Marschak, also was the first to axiomatize expected utility for risk. In particular, these authors were the first to state the independence condition, a condition that should have been but was not stated by von Neumann and Morgenstern. Marschak’s paper resulted from interactions with several people at the Cowles Commission. We document unique letters and personal communications with Nash, Samuelson, Arrow, Dalkey, and others, making plausible (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  81
    Abstract Entities.Sam Cowling - 2017 - Routledge.
    Think of a number, any number, or properties like fragility and humanity. These and other abstract entities are radically different from concrete entities like electrons and elbows. While concrete entities are located in space and time, have causes and effects, and are known through empirical means, abstract entities like meanings and possibilities are remarkably different. They seem to be immutable and imperceptible and to exist "outside" of space and time. This book provides a comprehensive critical assessment of the problems raised (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  9.  41
    II—Peter Milne: What is the Normative Role of Logic?Peter Milne - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):269-298.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  10.  15
    Peter McLaren’s Response to Michael Peters.Peter McLaren - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (8):838-843.
    Volume 52, Issue 8, July 2020, Page 838-843.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  26
    I—Peter Goldie: Virtues of Art and Human Well-Being.Peter Goldie - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):179-195.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  12.  19
    I—Peter Millican: Humes Old and New Four Fashionable Falsehoods, and One Unfashionable Truth.Peter Millican & Helen Beebee - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):163-199.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  13.  34
    I–Peter Simons.Peter Simons - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):59-75.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  14. Do Animals Feel Pain?: Peter Harrison.Peter Harrison - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):25-40.
    In an oft-quoted passage from The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Jeremy Bentham addresses the issue of our treatment of animals with the following words: ‘the question is not, Can they reason? nor, can they talk? but, Can they suffer?’ The point is well taken, for surely if animals suffer, they are legitimate objects of our moral concern. It is curious therefore, given the current interest in the moral status of animals, that Bentham's question has been assumed to be merely (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  15. Peter Abelard's Ethics.Peter Abelard - 1971 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    A penetrating and historically important critique of medieval moral thought.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  16. How to design AI for social good: seven essential factors.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Thomas C. King & Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1771–1796.
    The idea of artificial intelligence for social good is gaining traction within information societies in general and the AI community in particular. It has the potential to tackle social problems through the development of AI-based solutions. Yet, to date, there is only limited understanding of what makes AI socially good in theory, what counts as AI4SG in practice, and how to reproduce its initial successes in terms of policies. This article addresses this gap by identifying seven ethical factors that are (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  17.  61
    Peter Abelard.Peter King - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Peter Abelard (1079 – 21 April 1142) [‘Abailard’ or ‘Abaelard’ or ‘Habalaarz’ and so on] was the pre-eminent philosopher and theologian of the twelfth century. The teacher of his generation, he was also famous as a poet and a musician. Prior to the recovery of Aristotle, he brought the native Latin tradition in philosophy to its highest pitch. His genius was evident in all he did. He is, arguably, the greatest logician of the Middle Ages and is equally famous (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18.  64
    Peter Damian: Could God Change the Past?Peter Remnant - 1978 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):259 - 268.
    Histories of philosophy frequently depict the later eleventh century as the scene of a series of bouts between dialecticians and anti-dialecticians — Berengar vs. Lanfranc, Roscelin vs. Anselm — preliminaries to the twelfth century welterweight contest between Abelard and St. Bernard and — dare one say? — the thirteenth century heavy-weight championship between St. Thomas and St. Bonaventure.The bouts took place — no question about that — but whether the contestants can properly be characterized as dialecticians and anti-dialecticians is less (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  19. A United Framework of Five Principles for AI in Society.Luciano Floridi & Josh Cowls - 2019 - Harvard Data Science Review 1 (1).
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is already having a major impact on society. As a result, many organizations have launched a wide range of initiatives to establish ethical principles for the adoption of socially beneficial AI. Unfortunately, the sheer volume of proposed principles threatens to overwhelm and confuse. How might this problem of ‘principle proliferation’ be solved? In this paper, we report the results of a fine-grained analysis of several of the highest-profile sets of ethical principles for AI. We assess whether these (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  20.  36
    Propositional Content by Peter Hanks (Review). [REVIEW]Peter Pagin - 2019 - Language 95 (2):377-380.
  21. Ethical Guidelines for COVID-19 Tracing Apps.Jessica Morley, Josh Cowls, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2020 - Nature 582:29–⁠31.
    Technologies to rapidly alert people when they have been in contact with someone carrying the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 are part of a strategy to bring the pandemic under control. Currently, at least 47 contact-tracing apps are available globally. They are already in use in Australia, South Korea and Singapore, for instance. And many other governments are testing or considering them. Here we set out 16 questions to assess whether — and to what extent — a contact-tracing app is ethically justifiable.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  22.  94
    AI4People—an Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Monica Beltrametti, Raja Chatila, Patrice Chazerand, Virginia Dignum, Christoph Luetge, Robert Madelin, Ugo Pagallo, Francesca Rossi, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke & Effy Vayena - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):689-707.
    This article reports the findings of AI4People, an Atomium—EISMD initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations—to assess, to develop, to incentivise, and to support good AI—which in some cases may be undertaken directly by national or supranational policy makers, while in others may be led by other (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   59 citations  
  23.  60
    Orderly Decision Theory: Peter J. Hammond.Peter J. Hammond - 1988 - Economics and Philosophy 4 (2):292-297.
  24.  20
    Peter Abelard.Peter King - 1992 - In The Dictionary of Literary Biography. pp. 3-14.
  25.  37
    II—Peter Sullivan.Peter Sullivan - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):195-223.
  26. Interview - Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40 (40):59-60.
    Peter Singer is probably the best-known and most controversial ethicist in the world today. He rigorously applies utilitarian moral theory to issues such as world poverty, the environment, abortion, euthanasia and, most famously, animal welfare. He has also written a book about his grandfather, David Oppenheim, who died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. He is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  33
    II—Peter Hacker:Substance: Things and Stuffs.Peter Hacker - 2004 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):41-63.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28. Objectivity in Historical Perspective: Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison: Objectivity. New York: Zone Books, 2007, 542pp, $38.95 HB, $28.95 PB.Peter Dear, Ian Hacking, Matthew L. Jones, Lorraine Daston & Peter Galison - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):11-39.
    Objectivity in historical perspective Content Type Journal Article Category Book Symposium Pages 11-39 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9597-2 Authors Peter Dear, Department of History, Cornell University, 435 McGraw Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA Ian Hacking, Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto, 170 St. George St., Toronto, ON M5R 2M8, Canada Matthew L. Jones, Department of History, Columbia University, 514 Fayerweather Hall, 1180 Amsterdam Ave., New York, NY 10027, USA Lorraine Daston, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Boltzmannstraße 22, 14195 Berlin, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29.  28
    II–Peter Hylton.Peter Hylton - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):281-299.
  30.  98
    The Chinese Approach to Artificial Intelligence: An Analysis of Policy, Ethics, and Regulation.Huw Roberts, Josh Cowls, Jessica Morley, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Vincent Wang & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (1):59–⁠77.
    In July 2017, China’s State Council released the country’s strategy for developing artificial intelligence, entitled ‘New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan’. This strategy outlined China’s aims to become the world leader in AI by 2030, to monetise AI into a trillion-yuan industry, and to emerge as the driving force in defining ethical norms and standards for AI. Several reports have analysed specific aspects of China’s AI policies or have assessed the country’s technical capabilities. Instead, in this article, we focus on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  31. The AI Gambit — Leveraging Artificial Intelligence to Combat Climate Change: Opportunities, Challenges, and Recommendations.Josh Cowls, Andreas Tsamados, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - In Vodafone Institute for Society and Communications.
    In this article we analyse the role that artificial intelligence (AI) could play, and is playing, to combat global climate change. We identify two crucial opportunities that AI offers in this domain: it can help improve and expand current understanding of climate change and it contribute to combating the climate crisis effectively. However, the development of AI also raises two sets of problems when considering climate change: the possible exacerbation of social and ethical challenges already associated with AI, and the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32. A Definition, Benchmark and Database of AI for Social Good Initiatives.Josh Cowls, Andreas Tsmadaos, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Nature Machine Intelligence 3:111–⁠115.
    Initiatives relying on artificial intelligence (AI) to deliver socially beneficial outcomes—AI for social good (AI4SG)—are on the rise. However, existing attempts to understand and foster AI4SG initiatives have so far been limited by the lack of normative analyses and a shortage of empirical evidence. In this Perspective, we address these limitations by providing a definition of AI4SG and by advocating the use of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a benchmark for tracing the scope and spread of AI4SG. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  34
    What-If History of Science: Peter J. Bowler: Darwin Deleted: Imagining a World Without Darwin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013, Ix+318pp, $30.00 HB.Peter J. Bowler, Robert J. Richards & Alan C. Love - 2015 - Metascience 24 (1):5-24.
    Alan C. LoveDarwinian calisthenicsAn athlete engages in calisthenics as part of basic training and as a preliminary to more advanced or intense activity. Whether it is stretching, lunges, crunches, or push-ups, routine calisthenics provide a baseline of strength and flexibility that prevent a variety of injuries that might otherwise be incurred. Peter Bowler has spent 40 years doing Darwinian calisthenics, researching and writing on the development of evolutionary ideas with special attention to Darwin and subsequent filiations among scientists exploring (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  34. Questions for Peter Singer.Peter Singer - unknown
    You don't say much about who you are teaching, or what subject you teach, but you do seem to see a need to justify what you are doing. Perhaps you're teaching underprivileged children, opening their minds to possibilities that might otherwise never have occurred to them. Or maybe you're teaching the children of affluent families and opening their eyes to the big moral issues they will face in life — like global poverty, and climate change. If you're doing something like (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35. Ideological Parsimony.Sam Cowling - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3889-3908.
    The theoretical virtue of parsimony values the minimizing of theoretical commitments, but theoretical commitments come in two kinds : ontological and ideological. While the ontological commitments of a theory are the entities it posits, a theory’s ideological commitments are the primitive concepts it employs. Here, I show how we can extend the distinction between quantitative and qualitative parsimony, commonly drawn regarding ontological commitments, to the domain of ideological commitments. I then argue that qualitative ideological parsimony is a theoretical virtue. My (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  36.  81
    Value and Understanding: Essays for Peter Winch.Peter Winch & Raimond Gaita (eds.) - 1990 - Routledge.
    Written by eminent philosophers from Britain, Europe, America, and Australia, the essays of this collection are a tribute to Peter Winch, whose work is marked by his deep appreciation of the most fundamental aspect of Wittgenstein's legacy: that we cannot detach our concepts from their roots in human life. The voices in this volume unite in different tones of sympathy and criticism by discussing the theme of human conditioning: the human conditioning of what we can find intelligible, possible and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  37.  82
    The Ethics of Algorithms: Key Problems and Solutions.Andreas Tsamados, Nikita Aggarwal, Josh Cowls, Jessica Morley, Huw Roberts, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - AI and Society.
    Research on the ethics of algorithms has grown substantially over the past decade. Alongside the exponential development and application of machine learning algorithms, new ethical problems and solutions relating to their ubiquitous use in society have been proposed. This article builds on a review of the ethics of algorithms published in 2016, 2016). The goals are to contribute to the debate on the identification and analysis of the ethical implications of algorithms, to provide an updated analysis of epistemic and normative (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  38. Prioritizing Platonism.Kelly Trogdon & Sam Cowling - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (8):2029-2042.
    Discussion of atomistic and monistic theses about abstract reality.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  39. Peter A. Stanwick Sarah D. Stanwick.Peter A. Stanwick - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17:195-204.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. Prolegomena to a White Paper on an Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society.Josh Cowls & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    That AI will have a major impact on society is no longer in question. Current debate turns instead on how far this impact will be positive or negative, for whom, in which ways, in which places, and on what timescale. In order to frame these questions in a more substantive way, in this prolegomena we introduce what we consider the four core opportunities for society offered by the use of AI, four associated risks which could emerge from its overuse or (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41. The Modal View of Essence.Sam Cowling - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):248-266.
    According to the modal view, essence admits of reductive analysis in exclusively modal terms. Fine (1994) argues that modal view delivers an inadequate analysis of essence. This paper defends the modal view from Fine's challenge. This defense proceeds by examining the disagreement between Finean primitivists and Quinean eliminativists about essence. In order to model this disagreement, a distinction between essence and a separable concept, nature, is required. This distinction is then used to show that Fine's challenge is misdirected and therefore (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  42.  93
    Comments on Peter van Inwagen’s Material Beings. [REVIEW]Jay F. Rosenberg & Peter van Inwagen - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):701.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  43.  67
    Inference to the Best Explanation: Or, Who Won the Mill-Whewell Debate?: Peter Lipton (London: Routledge, 1991), X+ 194 Pp. ISBN 0-415-05886-4 Cloth£ 35.00. [REVIEW]Peter Achinstein - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (2):349-364.
  44. Non-Qualitative Properties.Sam Cowling - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (2):275-301.
    The distinction between qualitative properties like mass and shape and non-qualitative properties like being Napoleon and being next to Obama is important, but remains largely unexamined. After discussing its theoretical significance and cataloguing various kinds of non-qualitative properties, I survey several views about the nature of this distinction and argue that all proposed reductive analyses of this distinction are unsatisfactory. I then defend primitivism, according to which the distinction resists reductive analysis.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  45. Education and the Development of Reason. Edited by R.F. Dearden, P.H. Hirst and R.S. Peters. --.R. F. Dearden, R. S. Peters & Paul Heywood Hirst - 1972 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  46. No Simples, No Gunk, No Nothing.Sam Cowling - 2014 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (1):246-260.
    Mereological realism holds that the world has a mereological structure – i.e. a distribution of mereological properties and relations. In this article, I defend Eleaticism about properties, according to which there are no causally inert non-logical properties. I then present an Eleatic argument for mereological anti-realism, which denies the existence of both mereological composites and mereological simples. After defending Eleaticism and mereological anti-realism, I argue that mereological anti-realism is preferable to mereological nihilism. I then conclude by examining the thesis that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  47.  15
    Competitive Sport, Winning and Education/Peter J. Arnold.J. Arnold Peter - 1989 - Journal of Moral Education 18 (1):15-25.
  48. Instantiation as Location.Sam Cowling - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (3):667-682.
    Many familiar forms of property realism identify properties with sui generis ontological categories like universals or tropes and posit a fundamental instantiation relation that unifies objects with their properties. In this paper, I develop and defend locationism, which identifies properties with locations and holds that the occupation relation that unifies objects with their locations also unifies objects with their properties. Along with the theoretical parsimony that locationism enjoys, I argue that locationism resolves a puzzle for actualists regarding the ontological status (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  49. Haecceitism.Sam Cowling - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  50.  52
    XII. Narrative and Perspective; Values and Appropriate Emotions: Peter Goldie.Peter Goldie - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:201-220.
    To the realists.—You sober people who feel well armed against passion and fantasies and would like to turn your emptiness into a matter of pride and ornament: you call yourselves realists and hint that the world really is the way it appears to you. As if reality stood unveiled before you only, and you yourselves were perhaps the best part of it … But in your unveiled state are not even you still very passionate and dark creatures compared to fish, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000