34 found
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  1. Cancellation, Negation, and Rejection.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen, Peter Collins, Karolina Krzyżanowska, Ulrike Hahn & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2019 - Cognitive Psychology 108:42-71.
    In this paper, new evidence is presented for the assumption that the reason-relation reading of indicative conditionals ('if A, then C') reflects a conventional implicature. In four experiments, it is investigated whether relevance effects found for the probability assessment of indicative conditionals (Skovgaard-Olsen, Singmann, and Klauer, 2016a) can be classified as being produced by a) a conversational implicature, b) a (probabilistic) presupposition failure, or c) a conventional implicature. After considering several alternative hypotheses and the accumulating evidence from other studies as (...)
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  2.  26
    Between a Conditional’s Antecedent and its Consequent: Discourse Coherence Vs. Probabilistic Relevance.Karolina Krzyżanowska, Peter J. Collins & Ulrike Hahn - 2017 - Cognition 164 (C):199-205.
    Reasoning with conditionals is central to everyday life, yet there is long-standing disagreement about the meaning of the conditional. One example is the puzzle of so-called missing-link conditionals such as "if raccoons have no wings, they cannot breathe under water." Their oddity may be taken to show that conditionals require a connection between antecedent ("raccoons have no wings") and consequent ("they cannot breathe under water"), yet most accounts of conditionals attribute the oddity to natural language pragmatics. We present an experimental (...)
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  3.  20
    Conditionals and Testimony.Stephan Hartmann, Peter J. Collins, Karolina Krzyżanowska, Gregory Wheeler & Ulrike Hahn - 2020 - Cognitive Psychology 122.
    Conditionals and conditional reasoning have been a long-standing focus of research across a number of disciplines, ranging from psychology through linguistics to philosophy. But almost no work has concerned itself with the question of how hearing or reading a conditional changes our beliefs. Given that we acquire much—perhaps most—of what we believe through the testimony of others, the simple matter of acquiring conditionals via others’ assertion of a conditional seems integral to any full understanding of the conditional and conditional reasoning. (...)
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  4.  40
    The Bi-Directional Relationship Between Source Characteristics and Message Content.Peter J. Collins, Ulrike Hahn, Ylva von Gerber & Erik J. Olsson - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Much of what we believe we know, we know through the testimony of others. While there has been long-standing evidence that people are sensitive to the characteristics of the sources of testimony, for example in the context of persuasion, researchers have only recently begun to explore the wider implications of source reliability considerations for the nature of our beliefs. Likewise, much remains to be established concerning what factors influence source reliability. In this paper, we examine, both theoretically and empirically, the (...)
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  5. Indicatives, Subjunctives, and the Falsity of the Antecedent.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen & Peter Collins - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (11):e13058.
    It is widely held that there are important differences between indicative conditionals (e.g. “If the authors are linguists, they have written a linguistics paper”) and subjunctive conditionals (e.g. “If the authors had been linguists, they would have written a linguistics paper”). A central difference is that indicatives and subjunctives convey different stances towards the truth of their antecedents. Indicatives (often) convey neutrality: for example, about whether the authors in question are linguists. Subjunctives (often) convey the falsity of the antecedent: for (...)
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  6.  14
    The Evolution of Educational Thought.Lionel Elvin, Emile Durkheim & Peter Collins - 1978 - British Journal of Educational Studies 26 (1):88.
  7.  16
    The Effects of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Acute Aerobic Exercise on Executive Functioning and EEG Entropy in Adolescents.Michael J. Hogan, Denis O’Hora, Markus Kiefer, Sabine Kubesch, Liam Kilmartin, Peter Collins & Julia Dimitrova - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  8.  4
    The Origins of the British Association's Education Section.Peter Collins - 1979 - British Journal of Educational Studies 27 (3):232-244.
  9. Philosophy and Humanism.Peter Collins - 2009 - Philosophia 37 (2).
    The term "humanism" bears many meanings. The origin of its usage is associated with the Renaissance, but it can also be predicated on the thought of earlier and later generations. The most general purpose of this paper is to suggest the inevitable reliance of an array of meanings of "humanism" upon philosophical categories. To support this thesis, the author attempts to clarify some fundamental differences between the philosophical humanisms of Auguste Comte [1798-1957] and Blaise Pascal [1623-1662]. For purposes of expansion (...)
     
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  10. Brain and Cognition: Stimulating to Accumulate: Cognitive Neuroscience Society, 11–13 April 1999, Washington DC, USA and Society for Research in Child Development, 15–18 April 1999, Albuquerque, NM, USA. [REVIEW]Peter Collins - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6):203-204.
  11.  10
    Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture, 1750-1950.Peter Collins - 1965 - Mcgill University Press.
    Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture revolutionized the understanding of modernism in architecture, pushing back the sense of its origin from the early twentieth century to the 1750s and thus placing architectural thought within the a broader context of Western intellectual history. This new edition of Peter Collins's ground-breaking study includes all seventy-two illustrations of the hard cover original edition, which has been out of print since 1967, and restores the large format.
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  12.  2
    Dislocating Anthropology?: Bases of Longing and Belonging in the Analysis of Contemporary Societies.Simon Coleman & Peter Jeffrey Collins (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    Anthropology continues to develop both in terms of theory and in relation to the ways in which fieldwork is conducted. Dislocating Anthropology? seeks to capture and represent these developments through a collection of ethnographic essays that are cutting edge, but which do not represent a complete break with what has gone before. In recent years anthropologists have increasingly come to accept that fieldwork in bounded and discrete places is no longer tenable. People can no longer be represented in these static, (...)
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  13. Herbert Spencer and the “Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education”.Peter M. Collins - 2020 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 21 (1):1-18.
    The focus of this small contribution to studies in the history of philosophy of American education falls upon the backside of the cultural upheaval between 1880 and 1920. The general purpose is to relate aspects of Herbert Spencer’s philosophy of education to pedagogical principles in the Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education, a document of the National Education Association’s Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education, published in 1918. An attempt is made to implement this purpose by analyzing the educational principles (...)
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  14. Introducing Ethical Inquiries.Peter Collins - 2018 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 19 (1):23-37.
    The problematic features of teaching philosophical ethics are inextricably linked to, and are dependent upon, the problematic features of philosophical ethics itself. This thesis is exemplified by two radically diverse approaches to searching for the good and the good life. The differences within each approach are discussed in terms of the principles of Plato and St. Augustine, on one hand, and William James and John Dewey, on the other hand. Before introducing their thoughts, attention is given to a context of (...)
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  15. Jonah Lehrer: How We Decide. [REVIEW]Peter Collins - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (2).
    Jonah Lehrer: How We Decide Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 2009, 302 pp.
     
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  16. Josef Pieper. Tradition: Concept and Claim. [REVIEW]Peter Collins - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (1).
    Josef Pieper [1904-1997], a popular and prolific German philosopher, is probably best known for his small volume Leisure: The basis of culture . The book in review, Tradition: Concept and claim, was published originally in 1970, but the first English translation came out in 2008. Undoubtedly, Pieper, if he were still alive, would claim that the message of Tradition bears the same kind of importance today as it did in 1970—perhaps of even greater significance today due to the further development (...)
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  17. 2019 June Volume 20, No. 2 Theology- Philosophy of Catholic Education: An Example From the “ Dutch Catechism ”.Peter Collins - 2019 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 20 (2):151-162.
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  18. Martin Buber on Transcending the World — In the World.Peter Collins - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (2).
    Martin Buber’s sustained effort to transcend the world—in the world— can be explained by his interpretation of Hasidism and his philosophy of dialogue. His motivation is derived from personal and cultural circumstances; indigenous to both was what he called the “eclipse of God,” the disappearance of God from the world, which he viewed as the culprit in the disintegration of authentic human values. He learned and taught that human persons encounter God , not by escaping the world, but by “redeeming” (...)
     
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  19. Terry Eagleton. The Meaning of Life: A Very Short Introduction. [REVIEW]Peter Collins - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (1).
    Terry Eagleton. The meaning of life: A very short introductionOxford: University Press, 2007, 109 pp.For a very short introduction to the meaning of life, this 109-page volume provokes much reflection upon many possible meanings of life. The topic of the book is examined from innumerable perspectives. While the author does not seem to hide his personal views, he does not manifest them as directly as the reader might wish. The meaning of life is well-written and witty; it has four chapters, (...)
     
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  20. Theology-Philosophy of Catholic Education: An Example From the “Dutch Catechism”.Peter M. Collins - 2019 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 20 (2):151-162.
    The most prevalent modes of philosophy, educational theory, and philosophy of education currently extant in the United States represent a pronounced departure from the fundamental patterns of the Greek-Jewish- Christian tradition. Among the noteworthy characteristics of the more popular trends is a tendency toward the denial of, or an indifference regarding, the existence of a Transcendent Being. This feature alone has effected a radical departure from the scholarly traditions which are characterized by investigations into the relationships between theology and philosophy. (...)
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  21.  11
    The Philosophy of Education of William Torrey Harris in the Annual Reports.Peter M. Collins - 2008 - Upa.
    The intertwining careers of William Torrey Harris converge in twelve of the Annual Reports of the Board of Directors for St. Louis Public Schools. Harris formulated most of the essential features of these twelve reports as the Superintendent of Schools from 1867 to 1869. These particular reports—which have been acclaimed nationally and internationally—are said to be among the most valuable official publications in American educational literature. They are far different from the descriptive documents originally intended by their author. This study (...)
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  22. When You Access This Site You Will Be Asked to Complete a Simple Form (This Usually Takes Around Two Minutes to Complete) That Will Allow You Access to BioMedNet, the Website on Which the Trends Jour-Nals Are Located. You Will Then Be Allocated a Password That Will Allow You Free Access to the Trends Online Web Page Until June 1st 1999. You Should Then Select the Link to Trends in Cognitive Sciences to Begin Searching the Journal. [REVIEW]Peter Collins - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6).
  23.  36
    Time in a Quantum Universe.Peter D. B. Collins & Euan J. Squires - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (6):913-921.
    The relevance of observations in introducing time dependence into quantum cosmology is discussed, some of the important features being illustrated by a simple example. Although the concept of time arises in a natural way even with a constant wave function, there are some conceptual difficulties in understanding how arguments which are familiar in classical cosmology translate to the quantum case.
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  24.  25
    Newman, Foundationalism and Teaching Philosophy.Peter M. Collins - 1991 - Metaphilosophy 22 (1-2):143-161.
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  25.  3
    Arguments and Their Sources.Peter Collins & Ulrike Hahn - 2016 - In Laura Bonelli, Fabio Paglieri & Silvia Felletti (eds.), The Psychology of Argument: Cognitive Approaches to Argumentation and Persuasion.
    As argumentation theory has moved away from classical logic as a standard, sources have played an increasingly important role in the psychology of argumentation. Considering the connections between arguments and their sources is important for both descriptive and normative projects. This chapter draws together different strands of research in the psychology of argumentation and their differing views on source characteristics: namely, procedural rules, pragmatics, argumentation schemes and Bayesian Argumentation. We argue for a reconciliation of these different approaches around a probabilistic (...)
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  26.  11
    Philosophy in Blessed John Paul II’s Catholic University.Peter M. Collins - 2013 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 16 (3):114-125.
  27.  16
    Books on Naturalism by Ritchie and Goetz & Taliaferro.Peter Collins - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (241):875-878.
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  28.  2
    Fallacies of Argumentation.Peter Collins & Ulrike Hahn - 2019 - In Linden J. Ball & Valerie A. Thompson (eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Routledge. pp. 88-108.
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  29.  30
    Examining Philosophy.Peter Collins - 1993 - Teaching Philosophy 16 (2):145-154.
  30.  2
    Inevitable Loss and Prolonged Grief in Police Work: An Unexplored Topic.Konstantinos Papazoglou, Daniel M. Blumberg, Peter I. Collins, Michael D. Schlosser & George A. Bonanno - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  31.  2
    Editorial: De-Escalating Threat: The Psychophysiology of Police Decision Making.Judith P. Andersen, Eamonn P. Arble & Peter Ian Collins - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  32.  4
    Examining Philosophy: “Choose the Best Answer”.Peter Collins - 1993 - Teaching Philosophy 16 (2):145-154.
  33.  7
    The Origins of the British Association's Education Section.Peter Collins - 1979 - British Journal of Educational Studies 27 (3):232 - 244.
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  34. Philosophy and" Alternative Humanistic Education": Buber and Neill in Contrast.Peter M. Collins - 1980 - Journal of Thought 15 (2):47-62.
     
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