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Peter Adamson
Creighton University
  1.  6
    The Arabic Plotinus: A Philosophical Study of the 'Theology of Aristotle'.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Duckworth.
    The so-called "Theology of Aristotle" is a translation of the Enneads of Plotinus, the most important representative of late ancient Platonism. It was produced in the 9th century CE within the circle of al-Kindī, one of the most important groups for the early reception of Greek thought in Arabic. In part because the "Theology" was erroneously transmitted under Aristotle's authorship, it became the single most important conduit by which Neoplatonism reached the Islamic world. It is referred to by such thinkers (...)
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  2.  49
    Al-Kindi.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through (...)
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  3.  66
    The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy.Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy written in Arabic and in the Islamic world represents one of the great traditions of Western philosophy. Inspired by Greek philosophical works and the indigenous ideas of Islamic theology, Arabic philosophers from the ninth century onwards put forward ideas of great philosophical and historical importance. This collection of essays, by some of the leading scholars in Arabic philosophy, provides an introduction to the field by way of chapters devoted to individual thinkers or groups, especially during the 'classical' period from (...)
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  4.  3
    Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century.Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider (...)
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  5. Al-Kindi and the Reception of Greek Philosophy.Peter Adamson - 2005 - In Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 32--51.
  6. On Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273–294.
    Avicenna's notorious claim that God knows particulars only 'in a universal way' is argued to have its roots in Aristotelian epistemology, and especially in the "Posterior Analytics". According to Avicenna and Aristotle as understood by Avicenna, there is in fact no such thing as 'knowledge' of particulars, at least not as such. Rather, a particular can only be known by subsuming it under a universal. Thus Avicenna turns out to be committed to a much more surprising epistemological thesis: even humans (...)
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  7.  2
    Interpreting Avicenna: Critical Essays.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Avicenna is the greatest philosopher of the Islamic world. His immense impact on Christian and Jewish medieval thought, as well as on the subsequent Islamic tradition, is charted in this volume alongside studies which provide a comprehensive introduction to and analysis of his philosophy. Contributions from leading scholars address a wide range of topics including Avicenna's life and works, conception of philosophy and achievement in logic and medicine. His ideas in the main areas of philosophy, such as epistemology, philosophy of (...)
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  8. Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī on Animals.Peter Adamson - 2012 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 94 (3):249-273.
    Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. 925), a doctor known not only for his medical expertise but also for his notorious philosophical ideas, has not yet been given due credit for his ideas on the ethical treatment of animals. This paper explores the philosophical and theological background of his remarks on animal welfare, arguing that al-Rāzī did not (as has been claimed) see animals as possessing rational, intellectual souls like those of humans. It is also argued that al-Rāzī probably did not, as (...)
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  9. The Philosophical Works of Al-Kindi.Peter E. Pormann & Peter Adamson (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Pakistan.
    Al-Kindī, honoured as the 'philosopher of the Arabs', was the first philosopher of Islam. His pioneer philosophical writings engage with ideas that became available through the Graeco-Arabic translation movement. This volume makes his entire philosophical output-some two dozen works-available in English, most of them for the first time. An overall introduction, introductions to each work and extensive notes explain al-Kindī's ideas, sources, and influence.
     
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  10.  23
    Fakhr Al-Dīn Al-Rāzī on Place.Peter Adamson - 2017 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 27 (2):205-236.
  11.  57
    Xi *-on Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273-294.
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  12. Vision, Light and Color in Al-Kindi, Ptolemy and the Ancient Commentators.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):207-236.
    Al-Kindi was influenced by two Greek traditions in his attempts to explain vision, light and color. Most obviously, his works on optics are indebted to Euclid and, perhaps indirectly, to Ptolemy. But he also knew some works from the Aristotelian tradition that touch on the nature of color and vision. Al-Kindi explicitly rejects the Aristotelian account of vision in his De Aspectibus, and adopts a theory according to which we see by means of a visual ray emitted from the eye. (...)
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  13.  33
    I—Memory From Plato to Damascius.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):161-184.
    Taking its cue from a passage in which the late pagan Neoplatonist Damascius criticizes his predecessor Proclus, this paper explores the way that ancient philosophers understood the soul’s access to its own tacit contents through the power of memory. Late ancient discussions of this issue respond to a range of passages in Plato and to Aristotle’s On Memory. After a survey of this material it is shown that for Damascius, but not Proclus, memory requires a distinction between the subject and (...)
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  14. Philosophy in the Hellenistic and Roman Worlds: A History of Philosophy Wthout Any Gaps, Volume 2.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson offers an accessible, humorous tour through a period of eight hundred years when some of the most influential of all schools of thought were formed. He introduces us to Cynics and Skeptics, Epicureans and Stoics, emperors and slaves, and traces the development of early Christian philosophy and of ancient science. A major theme of the book is in fact the competition between pagan and Christian philosophy in this period, and the Jewish tradition appears in the shape of Philo (...)
     
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  15.  75
    The Thought Experimental Method: Avicenna's Flying Man Argument.Peter Adamson & Fedor Benevich - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (2):147-164.
    No argument from the Arabic philosophical tradition has received more scholarly attention than Avicenna's ‘flying man’ thought experiment, in which a human is created out of thin air and is able to grasp his existence without grasping that he has a body. This paper offers a new interpretation of the version of this thought experiment found at the end of the first chapter of Avicenna's treatment of soul in theHealing. We argue that it needs to be understood in light of (...)
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  16.  27
    Al-Kindi.Peter Adamson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through (...)
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  17. Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life.Peter Adamson - 2003 - Mind 112 (446):363-366.
  18.  20
    Arabic Philosophy and Theology Before Avicenna.Peter Adamson - 2012 - In John Marenbon (ed.), The Oxford Handbook to Medieval Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 58.
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  19. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 3.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to the philosophical relevance of Islamic theology and mysticism--the Sufi (...)
     
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  20.  5
    Yaḥyā Ibn ʿAdī on the Location of God.Peter Adamson & Robert Wisnovsky - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 1 (1).
    This piece offers an edition, translation, and analysis of a newly discovered text by Yaḥyā Ibn ʿAdī, a leading Aristotelian of the Baghdad school in the tenth century. It briefly discusses what Aristotle meant, at the end of the Physics, by saying that the Prime Mover is “in” the outermost heaven. Ibn ʿAdī argues, in part through an exhaustive discussion of the senses of the word “in,” that God is in the sphere only in the sense that an object of (...)
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  21.  2
    In the Age of Al-Fārābī: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth-Tenth Century.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2008 - Warburg Institute.
    Contains papers that cover a conference held at the Warburg Institute in 2006 to consider the philosophy of al-Farabi alongside other intellectual developments of his time, together with a wide range of other figures and traditions from the period.
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  22. The Arabic Tradition.Peter Adamson - 2010 - In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.
  23. Yahyá Ibn 'Adi and Averroes on «Metaphysics» Alpha Elatton'.Peter Adamson - 2010 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 21:343-374.
    L'A. confronta due commenti su quello che nel mondo arabo viene considerato il primo libro della Metaphysica di Aristotele: alpha Elatton. Dopo averne delineato i contenuti e la penetrazione nel mondo arabo grazie alle traduzioni di Ustat e Ishaq ibn Hunayn, l'A. esamina due importanti commenti a quest'opera: Yahyá Ibn 'Adi, un commentatore cristiano della scuola di Baghdad e Averroè . I due autori leggono il testo in modo molto diverso: questo suggerisce una grande differenza tra Averroè e la scuola (...)
     
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  24.  53
    Neoplatonism: The Last Ten Years.Peter Adamson - 2015 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 9 (2):205-220.
  25.  81
    Classical Philosophy: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 1.Peter Adamson - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In 43 lively chapters Peter Adamson tells the story of philosophy from its beginnings to Plato and Aristotle. Most histories jump from one famous name to another, but Adamson shows that the people and ideas in between, usually overlooked, are fascinating and significant. Based on his popular podcasts, this is serious history with a light touch.
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  26. Before Essence and Existence: Al-Kindi's Conception of Being.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):297-312.
    This paper studies the first metaphysical theory in Arabic philosophy, that of al-Kindi, as found in "On First Philosophy" and other of his works. Placing these works against the background of translations produced in al-Kindi's circle (the "Theology of Aristotle," which is the Arabic version of Plotinus, and the "Liber de Causis," the Arabic version of Proclus' "Elements of Theology"), it argues that al-Kindi has two conceptions of being: "simple" being, which excludes predication and derives from Neoplatonism, and "complex" being, (...)
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  27.  9
    Received Wisdom: The Use of Authority in Medieval Islamic Philosophy.Peter Adamson - 2021 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 89:99-115.
    In this paper I challenge the notion that medieval philosophy was characterized by strict adherence to authority. In particular, I argue that to the contrary, self-consciously critical reflection on authority was a widespread intellectual virtue in the Islamic world. The contrary vice, called ‘taqlīd’, was considered appropriate only for those outside the scholarly elite. I further suggest that this idea was originally developed in the context of Islamic law and was then passed on to authors who worked within the philosophical (...)
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  28.  3
    Philosophy Then: Mind Without Matter.Peter Adamson - 2021 - Philosophy Now 146:55-55.
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  29. Abel, Félix M.,'Saint Jérome et les prophéties messianiques', Revue biblique, ns, 13 (1916), 423–40; 14 (1917), 247–69 Abū Macshar al-Balkhī, Kitāb al-madkhal al-kabīr ilā cilm ah kām al-nujūm: Liber introductorii maioris ad scientiam judiciorum astrorum, ed. by Richard Lemay, 9 vols (Naples: Istituto universitario Orientale, 1995–96). [REVIEW]Peter Adamson, H. Baltussen & M. W. F. Stone - 2005 - Dionysius 23:105-16.
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  30. Al-KindĪ and the Mu‘Tazila: Divine Attributes, Creation and Freedom: Peter Adamson.Peter Adamson - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):45-77.
    The paper discusses al-Kindī's response to doctrines held by contemporary theologians of the Mu‘tazilite school: divine attributes, creation, and freedom. In the first section it is argued that, despite his broadly negative theology, al-Kindī recognizes a special kind of “essential” positive attribute belonging to God. The second section argues that al-Kindī agreed with the Mu‘tazila in holding that something may not yet exist but still be an object of God's knowledge and power. Also it presents a new parallel between al-Kindī (...)
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  31. Knowledge of Universals and Particulars in the Baghdad School.Peter Adamson - 2007 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 18:141-164.
    L'analisi dell'aristotelismo «platonizzante» nell'ambito della filosofia araba prima della sistemazione della Shifa di Avicenna, secondo cui Dio non avrebbe conoscenza dei particolari, consente all'A. di dimostrare come ci siano stati anche approcci platonici ad Aristotele , che non sono passati attraverso il filtro dei neoplatonici greci. L'altra cosa significativa è il fatto che all'interno della scuola di Baghdad vi sono modi diversi di intendere lo stato ontologico degli universali. L'A. tenta anche di ridimensionare la figura di al-Farabi all'interno della scuola (...)
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  32. The Arabic Sea Battle: Al-Fārābī on the Problem of Future Contingents.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (2):163-188.
    Ancient commentators like Ammonius and Boethius tried to solve Aristotle's “sea battle argument” in On Interpretation 9 by saying that statements about future contingents are “indefinitely” true or false. They were followed by al-Fārābī in his commentary on On Interpretation. The article sets out two possible interpretations of what “indefinitely” means here, and shows that al-Fārābī actually has both conceptions: one applied in his interpretation of Aristotle, and another that he is forced into by the problem of divine foreknowledge. It (...)
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  33.  50
    The Simplicity of Self-Knowledge After Avicenna.Peter Adamson - 2018 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 28 (2):257-277.
    Alongside his much-discussed theory that humans are permanently, if only tacitly, self-aware, Avicenna proposed that in actively conscious self-knowers the subject and object of thought are identical. He applies to both humans and God the slogan that the self-knower is “intellect, intellecting, and object of intellection (‘aql, ‘āqil, ma‘qūl)”. This paper examines reactions to this idea in the Islamic East from the 12th-13th centuries. A wide range of philosophers such as Abū l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī, Faḫr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, al-Šahrastānī, Šaraf al-Dīn al-Mas‘ūdī, (...)
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  34.  47
    Dialectical Methiod in Alexander of Aphrodisias' Treaties on Fate and Providence.Peter Adamson - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 54.
    This article offers an analysis of the argumentative method of two treatises by Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate and On Providence, the latter of which is preserved only in Arabic translation. It is argued that both texts use techniques from Aristotelian dialectic, albeit in different ways, with On Fate adhering to methods outlined in Aristotle's Topics whereas On Providence uses the ‘aporetic’ method familiar from texts such as MetaphysicsΒ‎. This represents a revision of a previous study of Alexander's method in (...)
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  35. Plotinus on Astrology.Peter Adamson - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 35:265-91.
     
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  36.  9
    Freedom and Responsibility in Neoplatonist Thought, by Ursula Coope.Peter Adamson - forthcoming - Mind.
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  37.  3
    Philosophy Then: Evil Overruled.Peter Adamson - 2021 - Philosophy Now 144:51-51.
    Today’s philosophers of religion devote considerable attention to the problem of evil: If God is both perfectly good and allpowerful, why do evil and suffering exist? This poses a considerable challenge to Jewish, Christian and Muslim theism, since if God is good, presumably he’d want to prevent evil and suffering, and if he’s all-powerful, presumably he’d be able to. The attempt to address this problem is called theodicy.
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  38.  55
    Two Early Arabic Doxographies on the Soul: Al-Kindi and the "Theology of Aristotle".Peter Adamson - 2000 - Modern Schoolman 77 (2):105-125.
  39.  95
    The Theology of Aristotle.Peter Adamson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  40.  5
    Philosophy Then: The Missing Link.Peter Adamson - 2021 - Philosophy Now 142:27-27.
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  41.  46
    Miskawayh on Pleasure.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 25 (2):199-223.
  42.  10
    Neoplatonism.Peter Adamson - 2011 - Phronesis 56 (4):426-440.
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  43.  17
    M. Ullmann: Wörterbuch zu den griechisch-arabischen Übersetzungen des 9. Jahrhunderts. Pp. 904. Wiesbaden: Harassowitz Verlag, 2002. Cased, €175. ISBN: 3-447-04584-1. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (1):252-252.
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  44.  65
    Avicenna and Aristotle R. Wisnovsky: Avicenna's Metaphysics in Context . Pp. XII + 305. London: Duckworth, 2003. Cased, £50. Isbn: 0-7156-3221-. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (02):354-.
  45.  56
    Knowing What’s Good for You.Peter Adamson - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 53 (53):85-90.
    We should see a very close connection between two fields of philosophy which are nowadays kept well apart, namely ethics and epistemology. Indeed, if the good life and virtue consist in knowledge, then the study of knowledge just is the study of ethics.
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  46.  9
    The Roots of Platonism: The Origins and Chief Features of a Philosophical Tradition, Written by J. Dillon.Peter Adamson - 2020 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 14 (1):84-86.
  47.  27
    Aristotle and the Arabic Tradition.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Nazariyat, Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 2 (4):153-156.
  48.  14
    Burnyeat Collected - Burnyeat Explorations in Ancient and Modern Philosophy. In Two Volumes. Pp. X + 382 + X + 356. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Cased, £75, Us$130 . Isbn: 978-0-521-75072-1 , 978-0-521-75073-8 , 978-1-107-4006-1. [REVIEW]Peter Adamson - 2014 - The Classical Review 64 (1):68-71.
  49.  8
    Philosophy Then: Minor Figures Can Be Majorly Interesting.Peter Adamson - 2020 - Philosophy Now 138:43-43.
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  50.  29
    Al-Kind=I.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Oup Usa.
    The first book in the Great Medieval Thinkers series to focus on an Islamic philosopher. It offers a brief, accessible introduction to the thought of the philosopher al -Kindi. His works, though brief, are of great historical importance. Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. Peter Adamson will survey what is known of al-Kindi's life, examine his thought on a wide range of topics, and consider the relationship of al-Kindi's work to his Greek sources.
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1 — 50 / 114