Results for 'Pernilla Juth'

105 found
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  1.  27
    Using facial emotional stimuli in visual search experiments: The arousal factor explains contradictory results.Daniel Lundqvist, Pernilla Juth & Arne Öhman - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (6):1012-1029.
  2.  33
    Finding the face in a crowd: Relationships between distractor redundancy, target emotion, and target gender.Arne Öhman, Pernilla Juth & Daniel Lundqvist - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1216-1228.
  3.  23
    The Boundary Theory of Libertarian Free Will.André Juthe - 2023 - Review of Metaphysics 77 (2):327-343.
    The first purpose of this article is to present a new theory of libertarian free will—the boundary theory of libertarian free will—which provides a new framework by means of employing boundaries as a “conceptual scheme” for understanding libertarian free will. This theory consists of two parts. One part suggests that the agent’s will should be viewed as the intermediate boundary between an agent’s reasons and his alternative choices. The second part is a model where the agent’s will is a faculty (...)
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  4.  15
    Approaching Change: Exploring Cracks in the Eco-Modern Sustainability Paradigm.Pernilla Hagbert, ÅSa Nyblom & Karolina Isaksson - 2021 - Environmental Values 30 (5):613-634.
    Sustainability discourse offers a plethora of perspectives on the type of change needed to ensure a just development within planetary boundaries, and how that change could come about. Calls for radical transformations nonetheless underline the need to examine prevalent discursive structures in society, including challenging the 'ideology of growth', in order to formulate new and transformative policy approaches. Based on empirical insights as to how different actors - including grassroots, planners, officials and politicians - in Sweden perceive the transformations needed (...)
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  5.  40
    Moral distress in paediatric oncology: Contributing factors and group differences.Pernilla Pergert, Cecilia Bartholdson, Klas Blomgren & Margareta af Sandeberg - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (7-8):2351-2363.
    Background:Providing oncological care to children is demanding and ethical issues concerning what is best for the child can contribute to moral distress.Objectives:To explore healthcare professionals’ experiences of situations that generate moral distress in Swedish paediatric oncology.Research design:In this national study, data collection was conducted using the Swedish Moral Distress Scale-Revised. The data analysis included descriptive statistics and non-parametric analysis of differences between groups.Participants and research context:Healthcare professionals at all paediatric oncology centres in Sweden were invited to participate. A total of (...)
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  6. The Walking Video Interview (WVI) as Potential Technique to Tap into the Everyday Experiences of ICTs.Pernilla Gripenberg - 2013 - Iris 34.
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  7. Balancing truth-telling in the preservation of hope: A relational ethics approach.Pernilla Pergert & Kim Lützén - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (1):21-29.
    Truth-telling in healthcare practice can be regarded as a universal communicative virtue; however, there are different views on what consequence it has for giving or diminishing hope. The aim of this article is to explore the relationship between the concepts of truth-telling and hope from a relational ethics approach in the context of healthcare practice. Healthcare staff protect themselves and others to preserve hope in the care of seriously sick patients and in end-of-life care. This is done by balancing truth-telling (...)
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  8.  48
    Translating and culturally adapting the shortened version of the Hospital Ethical Climate Survey – retaining or modifying validated instruments.Pernilla Pergert, Cecilia Bartholdson, Marika Wenemark, Kim Lützén & Margareta af Sandeberg - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):35.
    The Hospital Ethical Climate Survey was developed in the USA and later shortened. HECS has previously been translated into Swedish and the aim of this study was to describe a process of translating and culturally adapting HECS-S and to develop a Swedish multi-professional version, relevant for paediatrics. Another aim was to describe decisions about retaining versus modifying the questionnaire in order to keep the Swedish version as close as possible to the original while achieving a good functional level and trustworthiness. (...)
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  9.  13
    What outcomes of moral case deliberations are perceived important for healthcare professionals to handle moral challenges? A national cross-sectional study in paediatric oncology.Pernilla Pergert, Bert Molewijk, Isabelle Billstein & Cecilia Bartholdson - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundIn paediatric oncology, healthcare professionals face moral challenges. Clinical ethics support services, such as moral case deliberation, aim to assist them in dealing with these challenges. Yet, healthcare professionals can have different expectations and goals related to clinical ethics support services.MethodsIn this study, the perceptions held by healthcare professionals regarding the importance of possible outcomes of MCDs, prior to implementation of MCDs, were investigated. A multisite, cross-sectional, quantitative study was performed at all six Paediatric Oncology Centres in Sweden. Healthcare professionals (...)
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  10.  45
    The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine: Serving Society Or Serving the Patient?Niklas Juth & Christian Munthe - 2011 - Springer Verlag.
    This book involves an in-depth analysis of the ethical, political and philosophical issues related to health-oriented screening programs.
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  11.  31
    Procedures for clinical ethics case reflections: an example from childhood cancer care.Cecilia Bartholdson, Pernilla Pergert & Gert Helgesson - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (2-3):87-95.
    The procedures for structuring clinical ethics case reflections in a childhood cancer care setting are presented, including an eight-step model. Four notable characteristics of the procedures are: members of the inter-professional health care team, not external experts, taking a leading role in the reflections; patients or relatives not being directly involved; the model explicitly addressing values and moral principles instead of focussing exclusively on the interests of involved parties; using a case-based rather than principle-based method. By discusing the advantages and (...)
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  12. Argument by Analogy.André Juthe - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (1):1-27.
    ABSTRACT: In this essay I characterize arguments by analogy, which have an impor- tant role both in philosophical and everyday reasoning. Arguments by analogy are dif- ferent from ordinary inductive or deductive arguments and have their own distinct features. I try to characterize the structure and function of these arguments. It is further discussed that some arguments, which are not explicit arguments by analogy, nevertheless should be interpreted as such and not as inductive or deductive arguments. The result is that (...)
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  13.  20
    Perceptions of important outcomes of moral case deliberations: a qualitative study among healthcare professionals in childhood cancer care.Charlotte Weiner, Pernilla Pergert, Bert Molewijk, Anders Castor & Cecilia Bartholdson - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundIn childhood cancer care, healthcare professionals must deal with several difficult moral situations in clinical practice. Previous studies show that morally difficult challenges are related to decisions on treatment limitations, infringing on the child's integrity and growing autonomy, and interprofessional conflicts. Research also shows that healthcare professionals have expressed a need for clinical ethics support to help them deal with morally difficult situations. Moral case deliberations (MCDs) are one example of ethics support. The aim of this study was to describe (...)
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  14.  16
    Enhancement, Autonomy, and Authenticity.Niklas Juth - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 34–48.
    This chapter discusses some concerns regarding the effects of enhancement technologies on autonomy and authenticity, insofar as authenticity relates to autonomy. As a preliminary, it describes how enhancement and autonomy should be understood in this context along with some examples of enhancement. The chapter moves on to explain why enhancement can promote autonomy. Three types of concerns regarding the effect of enhancement technologies on autonomy are raised: (i) that medical technologies should not be used to enhance autonomy, since this is (...)
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  15.  90
    Challenges for Principles of Need in Health Care.Niklas Juth - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):73-87.
    What challenges must a principle of need for prioritisations in health care meet in order to be plausible and practically useful? Some progress in answering this question has recently been made by Hope, Østerdal and Hasman. This article continue their work by suggesting that the characteristic feature of principles of needs is that they are sufficientarian, saying that we have a right to a minimally acceptable or good life or health, but nothing more. Accordingly, principles of needs must answer two (...)
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  16.  46
    Cognitive Enhancement and the Principle of Need.Barbro Fröding & Niklas Juth - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (3):231-242.
    In this article we argue that the principle of need, on some interpretations, could be used to justify the spending of publically funded health care resources on cognitive enhancement and that this also holds true for individuals whose cognitive capacities are considered normal.The increased, and to an extent, novel demands that the modern technology and information society places on the cognitive capacities of agents, e.g., regarding good and responsible decision-making, have blurred the line between treatment and enhancement. More specifically, it (...)
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  17. Genes and Insurance: Ethical, Legal and Economic Issues.Marcus Radetzki, Marian Radetzki & Niklas Juth - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    The result of two key social developments in recent years are examined here: the partial dismantling of the welfare state and the progress of genetics. Genetic insights are increasingly valuable for risk assessment, and insurers would like to use these insights to help determine premiums. Combined with the fact that social welfare is being curtailed, this could potentially create an uninsured high-risk population. Along with considerations of autonomy and privacy, this is the basis for an ethical critique of insurer's access (...)
     
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  18. Ethics and Intuitions: A Reply to Singer.Joakim Sandberg & Niklas Juth - 2011 - The Journal of Ethics 15 (3):209-226.
    In a recent paper, Peter Singer suggests that some interesting new findings in experimental moral psychology support what he has contended all along—namely that intuitions should play little or no role in adequate justifications of normative ethical positions. Not only this but, according to Singer, these findings point to a central flaw in the method (or epistemological theory) of reflective equilibrium used by many contemporary moral philosophers. In this paper, we try to defend reflective equilibrium from Singer’s attack and, in (...)
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  19.  68
    For the Sake of Justice: Should We Prioritize Rare Diseases?Niklas Juth - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (1):1-20.
    This article is about the justifiability of accepting worse cost effectiveness for orphan drugs, that is, treatments for rare diseases, in a publicly financed health care system. Recently, three arguments have been presented that may be used in favour of exceptionally advantageous economic terms for orphan drugs. These arguments share the common feature of all referring to considerations of justice or fairness: the argument of the irrelevance of group size, the argument from the principle of need, and the argument of (...)
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  20.  30
    Trends in Swedish physicians’ attitudes towards physician-assisted suicide: a cross-sectional study.Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund, Ingemar Engström, Anna Lindblad & Niels Lynøe - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-9.
    AimsTo examine attitudes towards physician-assisted suicide (PAS) among physicians in Sweden and compare these with the results from a similar cross-sectional study performed in 2007.ParticipantsA random selection of 250 physicians from each of six specialties (general practice, geriatrics, internal medicine, oncology, surgery and psychiatry) and all 127 palliative care physicians in Sweden were invited to participate in this study.SettingA postal questionnaire commissioned by the Swedish Medical Society in collaboration with Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. ResultsThe total response rate was 59.2%. Slightly (...)
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  21. and Authenticity.Niklas Juth - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 34.
     
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  22.  32
    Should we accept a higher cost per health improvement for orphan drugs? A review and analysis of egalitarian arguments.Niklas Juth, Martin Henriksson, Erik Gustavsson & Lars Sandman - 2020 - Bioethics 35 (4):307-314.
    In recent years, the issue of accepting a higher cost per health improvement for orphan drugs has been the subject of discussion in health care policy agencies and the academic literature. This article aims to provide an analysis of broadly egalitarian arguments for and against accepting higher costs per health improvement. More specifically, we aim to investigate which arguments one should agree upon putting aside and where further explorations are needed. We identify three kinds of arguments in the literature: considerations (...)
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  23. When Should Popular Views be Included in a Reflective Equilibrium?Borgar Jølstad, Niklas Juth, Carl Tollef Solberg & Mathias Barra - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-18.
    It has become increasingly common to conduct research on popular views on ethical questions. In this paper, we discuss when and to what extent popular views should be included in a reflective equilibrium process, thereby influencing normative theory. We argue that popular views are suitable for inclusion in a reflective equilibrium if they approximate considered judgments and examine some factors that plausibly contribute to the consideredness of popular views. We conclude that deliberation and familiarity contribute to the consideredness of popular (...)
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  24.  18
    Are physicians’ estimations of future events value-impregnated? Cross-sectional study of double intentions when providing treatment that shortens a dying patient’s life.Anders Rydvall, Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):397-402.
    The aim of the present study was to corroborate or undermine a previously presented conjecture that physicians’ estimations of others’ opinions are influenced by their own opinions. We used questionnaire based cross-sectional design and described a situation where an imminently dying patient was provided with alleviating drugs which also shortened life and, additionally, were intended to do so. We asked what would happen to physicians’ own trust if they took the action described, and also what the physician estimated would happen (...)
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  25.  54
    Refutation by Parallel Argument.André Juthe - 2008 - Argumentation 23 (2):133–169.
    This paper discusses the method when an argument is refuted by a parallel argument since the flaw of the parallel argument is clearly displayed. The method is explicated, examined and compared with two other general methods.
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  26.  17
    Bad apples or bad barrels? Qualitative study of negative experiences of encounters in healthcare.Maja Wessel, Niels Lynöe, Niklas Juth & Gert Helgesson - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (2-3):77-86.
    Assessments of quality in healthcare often focus on treatment outcome or patient safety, but rarely acknowledge the importance of patients’ encounters with healthcare personnel. The aim of this study was to gain an improved understanding of negative experiences of healthcare encounters by investigating experiences of the general population. A questionnaire was distributed to a randomly selected sample population of 1484 inhabitants in Stockholm County, Sweden. The material was subjected to conventional content analysis. Seventeen different types of complaint about negative encounters (...)
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  27.  69
    To treat or not to treat a newborn child with severe brain damage? A cross-sectional study of physicians’ and the general population’s perceptions of intentions.Anders Rydvall, Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund, Magnus Domellöf & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):81-88.
    Ethical dilemmas are common in the neonatal intensive care setting. The aim of the present study was to investigate the opinions of Swedish physicians and the general public on treatment decisions regarding a newborn with severe brain damage. We used a vignette-based questionnaire which was sent to a random sample of physicians (n = 628) and the general population (n = 585). Respondents were asked to provide answers as to whether it is acceptable to discontinue ventilator treatment, and when it (...)
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  28.  21
    Better in theory than in practise? Challenges when applying the luck egalitarian ethos in health care policy.Joar Björk, Gert Helgesson & Niklas Juth - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (4):735-742.
    Luck egalitarianism, a theory of distributive justice, holds that inequalities which arise due to individuals’ imprudent choices must not, as a matter of justice, be neutralized. This article deals with the possible application of luck egalitarianism to the area of health care. It seeks to investigate whether the ethos of luck egalitarianism can be operationalized to the point of informing health care policy without straying from its own ideals. In the transition from theory to practise, luck egalitarianism encounters several difficulties. (...)
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  29.  32
    Ethical aspects of undergoing a predictive genetic testing for Huntington's disease.Petra Lilja Andersson, Niklas Juth, Åsa Petersén, Caroline Graff & Anna-Karin Edberg - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (2):189-199.
    The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of undergoing a presymptomatic genetic test for the hereditary and fatal Huntington’s disease, using a case study approach. The study was based on 18 interviews with a young woman and her husband from the decision to undergo the test, to receiving the results and trying to adapt to them, which were analysed using a life history approach. The findings show that the process of undergoing a presymptomatic test involves several closely (...)
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  30.  20
    Meaningful texts: the extraction of semantic information from monolingual and multilingual corpora.Geoff Barnbrook, Pernilla Danielsson & Michaela Mahlberg (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Continuum.
    This book reflects the growing influence of corpus linguistics in a variety of areas such as lexicography, translation studies, genre analysis, and language ...
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  31.  6
    Investigating employee perceptions: Association between recognized individual talents and social wellbeing.Janina M. Björk, Pernilla Bolander & Anna K. Forsman - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundOrganizations worldwide increasingly adopt inclusive talent management, and this approach appears to rhyme particularly well with the Nordic welfare model. Questions about its value remain understudied, however. The inclusive approach is rooted in positive psychology and focuses on recognizing each employee's individual talents and assessing whether they fit the long-term needs of the organization, since a fit is assumed to be associated with employees' wellbeing. In the present study, we test this assumption focusing specifically on a key talent management practice, (...)
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  32.  12
    Sense of emptiness: an interdisciplinary approach.Junichi Toyota, Pernilla Hallonsten & Marina Shchepetunina (eds.) - 2012 - Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press.
    Human perception is often believed to function holistically, especially in the tradition of Gestalt psychology, involving a focused item and its surrounding. This holistic approach can allow us to explain something that is not directly experienced in our perception, meaning that the absence as well as the presence of something can have a significant impact on how we perceive the world. The way we perceive the presence is more or less the same cross-culturally, but the prominence of the absence, or (...)
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  33.  20
    Do strong value-based attitudes influence estimations of future events?N. Juth & N. Lynoe - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):255-256.
    The purpose of the present study was to examine whether or not strong values might influence physicians' estimations of future events. In an empirical study about physicians' attitudes towards physician assisted suicide (PAS) we asked about the physicians' main reasons for being pro, doubtful or contra PAS and also asked them to estimate what would happen with patients' trust if PAS were to be legally accepted in Swedish society. Finally we asked the physicians about their own trust in healthcare in (...)
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  34.  29
    Empirical and philosophical analysis of physicians' judgements of medical indications.Joar Björk, Niels Lynöe & Niklas Juth - 2016 - Clinical Ethics 11 (4):190-199.
    Background The aim of this study was to investigate whether physicians who felt strongly for or against a treatment, in this case a moderately life prolonging non-curative cancer treatment, differed in their estimation of medical indication for this treatment as compared to physicians who had no such sentiment. A further aim was to investigate how the notion of medical indication was conceptualised. Methods A random sample of GPs, oncologists and pulmonologists comprised the study group. Respondents were randomised to receive either (...)
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  35.  22
    Reconstructing Complex Pro/Con Argumentation.André Juthe - 2019 - Argumentation 33 (3):413-454.
    Wellman identified three types of conductive arguments, the third of which contains both pro and counter-considerations in the same piece of reasoning. This paper provides a pragma-dialectical analysis of this type of argumentation, with special focus on argumentation reconstruction. It argues that the account of pro/con argumentation in the framework of argument-as-product has problems solvable by a pragma-dialectical approach. The paper asserts that pro/con argumentation should be analyzed as a dialectical strategy of a protagonist, where acknowledgement of counter-considerations shows that (...)
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  36.  99
    Paternalism in the Name of Autonomy.Manne Sjöstrand, Stefan Eriksson, Niklas Juth & Gert Helgesson - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):jht049.
    Different ideas of the normative relevance of autonomy can give rise to profoundly different action-guiding principles in healthcare. If autonomy is seen as a value rather than as a right, it can be argued that patients’ decisions should sometimes be overruled in order to protect or promote their own autonomy. We refer to this as paternalism in the name of autonomy. In this paper, we discuss different elements of autonomy (decision-making capacity, efficiency, and authenticity) and arguments in favor of paternalism (...)
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  37.  45
    Analogical Argument Schemes and Complex Argument Structure.Andre Juthe - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (3):378-445.
    This paper addresses several issues in argumentation theory. The over-arching goal is to discuss how a theory of analogical argument schemes fits the pragma-dialectical theory of argument schemes and argument structures, and how one should properly reconstruct both single and complex argumentation by analogy. I also propose a unified model that explains how formal valid deductive argumentation relates to argument schemes in general and to analogical argument schemes in particular. The model suggests “scheme-specific-validity” i.e. that there are contrasting species of (...)
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  38.  27
    Zero tolerance against patriarchal norms? A cross-sectional study of Swedish physicians’ attitudes towards young females requesting virginity certificates or hymen restoration.Niklas Juth & Niels Lynöe - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (3):215-219.
  39.  30
    The Right Not to Know and the Duty to Tell: The Case of Relatives.Niklas Juth - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):38-52.
    Obtaining and sharing genetic information when there is a potential conflict of interest between patients and their relatives give rise to two questions. Do we have a duty to find out our genetic predispositions for disease for the sake of our relatives, or do we have a right to remain ignorant? Do we have a duty to disclose our known genetic predispositions for disease to our relatives? I argue that the answer to both questions is yes, but to a lesser (...)
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  40.  25
    The Right Not to Know and the Duty to Tell: The Case of Relatives.Niklas Juth - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):38-52.
    This text is about obtaining and sharing genetic information when there is a potential conflict of interests between patients and their families and relatives. The patient or, in this text, the “index-person,” is someone who is considering obtaining or already has obtained genetic information about herself through genetic testing.The index-person can have several reasons to take an interest in obtaining her genetic information. She may want to know if she has a genetic predisposition for a disorder in order to take (...)
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  41.  38
    Principles of Need and the Aggregation Thesis.Erik Gustavsson & Niklas Juth - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 27 (2):77-92.
    Principles of need are constantly referred to in health care priority setting. The common denominator for any principle of need is that it will ascribe some kind of special normative weight to people being worse off. However, this common ground does not answer the question how a plausible principle of need should relate to the aggregation of benefits across individuals. Principles of need are sometimes stated as being incompatible with aggregation and sometimes characterized as accepting aggregation in much the same (...)
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  42.  15
    Sheltering in chaos: parents’ experiences when facing moral challenges in childhood cancer care.Charlotte Weiner, Pernilla Pergert, Anders Castor, Bert Molewijk & Cecilia Bartholdson - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
    Childhood cancers are life-threatening diseases that affect not only the child but the whole family. Although rates of survival are high with modern therapy, childhood cancers are still serious and...
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  43.  28
    ­A defense of analogy inference as sui generis.André Lars Joen Juthe - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1.
    Accounts of analogical inference are usually categorized into four broad groups: abductive, deductive, inductive and sui generis. The purpose of this paper is to defend a sui generis model of analogical inference. It focuses on the sui generis account, as developed by Juthe [2005, 2009, 2015, 2016] and Botting’s [2017] criticism of it. This paper uses the pragmadialectical theory of argumentation as the methodological framework for analyzing and reconstructing argumentation. The paper has two main points. First, that Juthe’s arguments against (...)
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  44.  24
    Intentions in critical clinical settings: a study of medical students' perceptions.N. Juth, T. Tillberg & N. Lynoe - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (8):483-486.
    The aim of this pilot study was to develop a realistic clinical case for identifying Knobe's asymmetric effect, ie, the tendency to ascribe intentions to a larger extent when an act is considered wrong, as well as to compare medical students at the beginning and end of their curriculum. A vignette about a critically ill 72-year-old patient in need of an operation was used, with two different outcomes: the patient dies or the patient recovers. Approximately half of the students received (...)
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  45.  8
    Justifying the Expansion of Neonatal Screening: Two Cases.Niklas Juth - 2019 - Public Health Ethics 12 (3):250-260.
    During the last two decades, neonatal screening in Europe and North America has expanded substantially. This article examines two recent suggestions for expanding neonatal screening: severe combined immunodeficiency and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. With reference to well-established risk-benefit based rationales for screening, it is argued that the case for introducing SCID in neonatal screening is considerably stronger than for introducing X-ALD. For instance, the majority of those screened for X-ALD most likely have a negative risk-benefit ratio of screening: they develop milder symptoms (...)
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  46. Severity as a Priority Setting Criterion: Setting a Challenging Research Agenda.Mathias Barra, Mari Broqvist, Erik Gustavsson, Martin Henriksson, Niklas Juth, Lars Sandman & Carl Tollef Solberg - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 28 (1):25-44.
    Priority setting in health care is ubiquitous and health authorities are increasingly recognising the need for priority setting guidelines to ensure efficient, fair, and equitable resource allocation. While cost-effectiveness concerns seem to dominate many policies, the tension between utilitarian and deontological concerns is salient to many, and various severity criteria appear to fill this gap. Severity, then, must be subjected to rigorous ethical and philosophical analysis. Here we first give a brief history of the path to today’s severity criteria in (...)
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  47.  43
    Are there morally relevant differences between hymen restoration and bloodless treatment for Jehovah’s Witnesses?Niklas Juth & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):89.
    Hymen reconstruction is a controversial measure performed to help young females under threat of honour-related violence. Official guidelines often reject offering hymen reconstructions. On the other hand, extraordinary measures in order to enable operations of Jehovah’s Witnesses who want a bloodless operation in order to avoid religiously related sanctions are often considered praiseworthy. The aim is thus to examine whether or not there are relevant differences between these two measures.
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  48.  15
    Insurance Companies’ Access to Genetic Information: Why Regulation Alone Is Not Enough.Niklas Juth - 2003 - Monash Bioethics Review 22 (1):25-41.
    The background of this paper is the ongoing dismantling of the social insurance systems in favour of commercialisation and privatisation of insurances needed for illness, old age and premature death. This combined with the increased possibility of using genetic testing for differentiating personal insurance premiums has the potentiality of creating a ‘genetic proletariat’ — an uninsurable high-risk population. The common way of handling this problem in Sweden, and many other developed countries around the North Atlantic, has been to regulate insurance (...)
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  49.  32
    “Right to recommend, wrong to require”- an empirical and philosophical study of the views among physicians and the general public on smoking cessation as a condition for surgery.Joar Björk, Niklas Juth & Niels Lynøe - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):2.
    In many countries, there are health care initiatives to make smokers give up smoking in the peri-operative setting. There is empirical evidence that this may improve some, but not all, operative outcomes. However, it may be feared that some support for such policies stems from ethically questionable opinions, such as paternalism or anti-smoker sentiments. This study aimed at investigating the support for a policy of smoking cessation prior to surgery among Swedish physicians and members of the general public, as well (...)
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  50.  25
    Are interpretations of other people’s arguments value-impregnated? A pilot study among medical students.Niklas Juth, Åsa Nilsonne & Niels Lynöe - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):601-603.
    Analogously to Kuhn’s and Hanson’s understanding of observation as theory-impregnated, we try to test the hypothesis that observation and interpretation might also be value-impregnated. We use a written examination task for medical students who were asked to read and interpret a text where the authors provide arguments pro et contra euthanasia. Afterwards the students were asked to provide their own reflected opinion on the issue. We found that medical students who were against and indecisive provided interpretations of the text which (...)
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