Results for 'Penelope A. S. Wurm'

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  1.  1
    A Community of Practice Approach to Enhancing Academic Integrity Policy Translation: A Case Study.Alison Lockley, Amanda Janssen, Penelope A. S. Wurm & Alison Kay Reedy - 2021 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 17 (1).
    IntroductionAcademic integrity policy that is inaccessible, ambiguous or confusing is likely to result in inconsistent policy enactment. Additionally, policy analysis and development are often undertaken as top down processes requiring passive acceptance by users of policy that has been developed outside the context in which it is enacted. Both these factors can result in poor policy uptake, particularly where policy users are overworked, intellectually critical and capable, not prone to passive acceptance and hold valuable grass roots intelligence about policy enactment.Case (...)
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  2.  8
    Emotional Cascade Theory and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: The Importance of Imagery and Positive Affect.Penelope A. Hasking, Martina Di Simplicio, Peter M. McEvoy & Clare S. Rees - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):941-952.
    ABSTRACTGrounded in Emotional Cascade Theory, we explored whether rumination and multisensory imagery-based cognitions moderated the relationships between affect and both odds of non-suicidal self-injury, and frequency of the behaviour. A sample of 393 university students completed self-report questionnaires assessing the constructs of interest. Contrary to expectations, rumination did not emerge as a significant moderator of the affect-NSSI relationship. However, the relationship between affect and frequency of NSSI was moderated by the use of imagery. Further, the relationship between negative affect and (...)
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  3.  23
    The Iconography of the Frescoes in the Oratorio di S. Giovanni at Urbino.Penelope A. Dunford - 1973 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 36:367-373.
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  4.  26
    Comments on Penelope Maddy’s What Do Philosophers Do?Barry Stroud - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (3):223-230.
    _ Source: _Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 223 - 230 I here offer a discussion of some of Penelope Maddy’s responses to philosophical scepticism in her recent book, _What Do Philosophers Do?_ Among other things, I suggest that philosophers who take an interest in human knowledge are not primarily concerned with _whether_ anyone knows anything about the world, but rather with understanding _how_ we know the things we do in the face of the difficulties that seem naturally to arise (...)
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  5.  1
    The Concept of Law.Joseph Raz & Penelope A. Bulloch (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Fifty years on from its first publication, The Concept of Law is still the starting point for the study of legal philosophy and is widely heralded as a classic work of modern philosophy. This third edition features a new introduction by Leslie Green, looking at Hart's work from the perspective of modern jurisprudence.
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  6. Change of Languages as a Result of Decay and Change of Culture.S. A. Wurm - 1987 - Diogenes 35 (137):39-51.
  7.  17
    Children's Understanding of Mind and Emotion: A Multi-Culture Study.Penelope G. Vinden - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (1):19-48.
  8.  10
    Penelope's Renown: Meaning and Indeterminacy in the Odyssey.Michael Comber & M. A. Katz - 1993 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 113:184-185.
  9. The Silk Road and Hybridized Languages in North-Western China.S. A. Wurm - 1995 - Diogenes 43 (171):53-62.
  10. Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method.Penelope Maddy - 2007 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Many philosophers these days consider themselves naturalists, but it's doubtful any two of them intend the same position by the term. In Second Philosophy, Penelope Maddy describes and practices a particularly austere form of naturalism called "Second Philosophy". Without a definitive criterion for what counts as "science" and what doesn't, Second Philosophy can't be specified directly ("trust only the methods of science" for example), so Maddy proceeds instead by illustrating the behaviors of an idealized inquirer she calls the "Second (...)
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  11. Review of "Foucault's Futures: A Critique of Reproductive Reason" by Penelope Deutscher. [REVIEW]Anna Carastathis - 2019 - Apa Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 18 (1):15-18.
    Penelope Deutscher’s book, "Foucault’s Futures: A Critique of Reproductive Reason" engages with the recent interest in reproduction, futurity, failure, and negativity in queer theory, but also the historical and ongoing investments in the concept of reproduction in feminist theory as well as (US) social movements. "Foucault’s Futures" troubles the forms of subjectivation presupposed by “reproductive rights” from a feminist perspective, exploring the “contiguity” between reproductive reason and biopolitics—specifically the proximity of reproduction to death, risk, fatality, and threat: its thanatopolitical (...)
     
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  12.  29
    Penelope's Web B. Clayton: A Penelopean Poetics. Reweaving the Feminine in Homer's Odyssey. Pp. Xii + 143. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, and Oxford: Lexington Books, 2004. Paper, US$22 (Cased, US$75). ISBN: 0-7391-0723-2 (0-7391-0722-4 Hbk). [REVIEW]Maureen Alden - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (02):390-.
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  13.  71
    A Reconstruction of Steel’s Multiverse Project.Penelope Maddy & Toby Meadows - 2020 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 26 (2):118-169.
    This paper reconstructs Steel’s multiverse project in his ‘Gödel’s program’ (Steel [2014]), first by comparing it to those of Hamkins [2012] and Woodin [2011], then by detailed analysis what’s presented in Steel’s brief text. In particular, we reconstruct his notion of a ‘natural’ theory, describe his multiverse axioms and his translation function, and assess the resulting status of the Continuum Hypothesis. In the end, we reconceptualize the defect that Steel thinks CH might suffer from and isolate what it would take (...)
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  14.  19
    Aphrodite and the Pandora Complex.A. S. Brown - 1997 - Classical Quarterly 47 (01):26-.
    What have the following in common: Epimetheus, Paris, Anchises, and the suitors of Penelope? The ready answer might be that it must have something to do with women, for it requires no great thought to see that the attractions of femininity proved the undoing of three of them, while for Anchises life was never to be the same again after his encounter with Aphrodite. But suppose we add to our first group such figures as Zeus, Priam, Polynices, and Eumaeus? (...)
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  15.  19
    Foucault's History of Sexuality, Volume I: Re-Reading its Reproduction.Penelope Deutscher - 2012 - Theory, Culture and Society 29 (1):119-137.
    This paper interrogates the status of the Malthusian couple and the policing and government of reproduction in the first volume of Foucault's History of Sexuality, Volume I, and the associated Collège de France lectures. Presented by Foucault as one of the four ‘strategic ensembles’ of the 18th century through which knowledge and power became centered on sex, what Foucault calls the socialization of procreative sexuality also constitutes a largely invisible hinge between the trajectories in HS1: biopolitics and sex. Particularly because (...)
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  16.  4
    English Finderlist of Reconstructions in Austronesian Languages (Post-Brandstetter)The Case System of Tagalog VerbsBinongan Itneg Sentences.Paz Buenaventura Naylor, S. A. Wurm, B. Wilson, Teresita V. Ramos & Janice Walton - 1979 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (2):337.
  17.  5
    Review of Penelope Deutscher, Foucault’s Futures: A Critique of Reproductive Reason: Columbia University Press, New York, 2017. [REVIEW]Sarah K. Hansen - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (1):113-119.
    In Foucault’s Futures: A Critique of Reproductive Reason, Penelope Deutscher explores the “suspended reserves” in Foucault’s writing, “absent concepts and problems [that] can be given a shape in potentially transformative ways within philosophical frameworks which have omitted them Deutscher.” Deutscher pays particular attention to neglected figures of children in Foucault’s works and she develops the notion of “responsibilization,” processes of dividing populations into legible and illegible reproductive moral agents. This review of Foucault’s Futures considers Deutscher’s methodological innovation as it (...)
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  18.  38
    A Neurocognitive Model of Meditation Based on Activation Likelihood Estimation (ALE) Meta-Analysis.Marco Sperduti, Pénélope Martinelli & Pascale Piolino - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):269-276.
    Meditation comprises a series of practices mainly developed in eastern cultures aiming at controlling emotions and enhancing attentional processes. Several authors proposed to divide meditation techniques in focused attention and open monitoring techniques. Previous studies have reported differences in brain networks underlying FA and OM. On the other hand common activations across different meditative practices have been reported. Despite differences between forms of meditation and their underlying cognitive processes, we propose that all meditative techniques could share a central process that (...)
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  19. How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties.Penelope Mackie - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    A novel treatment of an issue central to much current work in metaphysics: the distinction between the essential and accidental properties of individuals. Mackie challenges widely held views, and arrives at what she calls "minimalist essentialism," an unorthodox theory according to which ordinary individuals have relatively few interesting essential properties. Mackie's clear and accessible discussions of issues surrounding necessity and essentialism mean that the book will appeal as much to graduate students as it will to seasoned metaphysicians.
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  20.  55
    Recent Work in Philosophy of Mathematics: Review of P. Maddy, Naturalism in Mathematics; S. Shapiro, Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology; M. Resnik, Mathematics as a Science of Patterns.Jamie Tappenden, Penelope Maddy, Stewart Shapiro & Michael Resnik - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (9):488.
  21. A Teia de Penélope e o Anel da Tradição.Maria João Cantinho - 2015 - Philosophica: International Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (46):79-95.
    It will never be too much to remember that experience is one of the most important concepts on Benjamin’s thought. It underlies his analysis of the history and also supports his critical theory of literature and has many branches, above all in his texts after 1930. His text “The Image of Proust” develops the concept of involuntary memory, which explains the question of auratic image in the work of Proust, obtained by the process of rememoration and also explained by the (...)
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  22.  13
    What Do We Want a Foundation to Do?Penelope Maddy - 2019 - In Stefania Centrone, Deborah Kant & Deniz Sarikaya (eds.), Reflections on the Foundations of Mathematics: Univalent Foundations, Set Theory and General Thoughts. Springer Verlag. pp. 293-311.
    It’s often said that set theory provides a foundation for classical mathematics because every classical mathematical object can be modeled as a set and every classical mathematical theorem can be proved from the axioms of set theory. This is obviously a remarkable mathematical fact, but it isn’t obvious what makes it ‘foundational’. This paper begins with a taxonomy of the jobs set theory does that might reasonably be regarded as foundational. It then moves on to category-theoretic and univalent foundations, exploring (...)
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  23.  4
    A Different Kind of Universality.William S. Wilkerson & Penelope Deutscher - 2012 - In Shannon M. Mussett & William S. Wilkerson (eds.), Beauvoir and Western Thought From Plato to Butler. pp. 55.
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  24.  41
    JAMIE C. KASSLER, The Beginnings of the Modern Philosophy of Music in England: Francis North's A Philosophical Essay of Music with Comments of Isaac Newton, Roger North and in the Philosophical Transactions. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004. Pp. Xiv+243. ISBN 0-7546-0139-0. £40.00. [REVIEW]Penelope Gouk - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (3):446-448.
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  25.  9
    Erwin Wurm, ou le « ground-zero » de la sculpture.Éric Alliez - 2003 - Multitudes 3 (3):131-134.
    A cross between a Do It Yourself and a primer of political anatomy, ErwinWurm’s « politically incorrect » drawings present, one by one, the sculptures of a present dreamed up by a post-post-minimalist Buster Keaton. Wurm sculpts bodies that are both outlandish and Austrian; there is nothing to prevent us from thinking of both Austria and the outlandish when we look at these drawings produced for Multitudes, together with the photographs that accompany them.
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  26.  20
    Die Künftige Generation: Helene Stöcker's Future (From Malthus to Nietzsche).Penelope Deutscher - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 48 (s1):18-35.
    An avid reader of Nietzsche, the German radical feminist Helene Stöcker referred in 1893 to the Verfrühung of the modern woman, her prematurity. She used references to Mill, Bebel, Darwin, Galton, and Nietzsche among others to develop a concept of women's untimely modernity. This paper considers how a number of concepts of time, transformation, biological futurity, and putative agency over nature became, for Stöcker, the basis for a feminist claim to autonomy, agency, and reproductive rights. The paper goes on to (...)
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  27.  11
    Penelope's EEΔ NA Again.I. N. Perysinakis - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (02):297-.
    M. Finley in a well-known and influential article, established the theory that the bridegroom offered gifts to the bride's father, which had their recompense in a counter-gift or dowry to the groom and the bride; these gifts must be equal in value.
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  28. From Goddess Spirituality to Irigaray's Angel: The Politics of the Divine.Penelope Ingram - 2000 - Feminist Review 66 (1):46-72.
    This article argues that the act of conceptualizing a female divine, whether by so-called low-brow Goddess Spiritualists or high-brow French philosophers, rather than being a mere spiritual exercise, has enormous political significance for feminisms. In particular, I demonstrate that Irigaray's concept of the sensible transcendental, by refiguring a god which is both male and female, transcendent and immanent, theorizes a potential dissolution of the binary logic which forms the basis of western philosophy. The second half of the article looks at (...)
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  29.  15
    Defending the Axioms: On the Philosophical Foundations of Set Theory.Penelope Maddy - 2011 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Mathematics depends on proofs, and proofs must begin somewhere, from some fundamental assumptions. For nearly a century, the axioms of set theory have played this role, so the question of how these axioms are properly judged takes on a central importance. Approaching the question from a broadly naturalistic or second-philosophical point of view, Defending the Axioms isolates the appropriate methods for such evaluations and investigates the ontological and epistemological backdrop that makes them appropriate. In the end, a new account of (...)
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  30.  94
    Yielding Gender: Feminism, Deconstruction and the History of Philosophy.Penelope Deutscher - 1997 - Routledge.
    Traditional accounts of the feminist history of philosophy have viewed reason as associated with masculinity and subsequent debates have been framed by this assumption. Yet recent debates in deconstruction have shown that gender has never been a stable matter. In the history of philosophy 'female' and 'woman' are full of ambiguity. What does deconstruction have to offer feminist criticism of the history of philosophy? _Yielding Gender_ explores this question by examining three crucial areas; the issue of gender as 'troubled'; deconstruction; (...)
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  31.  39
    Love Discourses, Sexed Discourses: Luce Irigaray's Être Deux. [REVIEW]Penelope Deutscher - 2000 - Continental Philosophy Review 33 (2):113-131.
    Luce Irigaray''s Être deux (1997) synthesises her linguistic research with an interpretation of Sartre, Merleau-Ponty and Lévinas. The linguistic research focuses on consistency both of an individual subject''s discourse, and of the overall research findings (rather than the presence of inconsistency in those findings) to reinforce Irigaray''s argument that there is a relationship between sexual difference and sexed language use. Previously in her work, Irigaray''s philosophical and linguistic research were held more distinct. Être deux speculates on the extent to which (...)
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  32.  91
    Perception, Mind-Independence, and Berkeley.Penelope Mackie - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (3).
    I discuss a thesis that I call ‘The Appearance of Mind-Independence’, to the effect that, to the subject of an ordinary perceptual experience, it seems that the experience involves the awareness of a mind-independent world. Although this thesis appears to be very widely accepted, I argue that it is open to serious challenge. Whether such a challenge can be maintained is especially relevant to the assessment of any theory, such as Berkeley’s idealism, according to which the only objects of which (...)
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  33. Mathematical Epistemology: What Is the Question?Penelope Maddy - 1984 - The Monist 67 (1):46-55.
    The tenor of much recent work in the philosophy of mathematics has been dictated by the popular assumption that Platonism is defunct. Some embrace that assumption and look for alternatives, others deny it and attempt to revive Platonism, but either way it is the starting point. The fate of Platonism took center stage with the appearance of Paul Benacerraf’s “Mathematical truth”, but a decade has passed since then, and the philosophical climate has changed. Most important, the quarter from which Platonism (...)
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  34. Property Dualism and Substance Dualism.Penelope Mackie - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (1pt1):181-199.
    I attempt to rebut Dean Zimmerman's novel argument (2010), which he presents in support of substance dualism, for the conclusion that, in spite of its popularity, the combination of property dualism with substance materialism represents a precarious position in the philosophy of mind. I take issue with Zimmerman's contention that the vagueness of ‘garden variety’ material objects such as brains or bodies makes them unsuitable candidates for the possession of phenomenal properties. I also argue that the ‘speculative materialism’ that is (...)
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  35.  4
    Enigmas: Essays on Sarah Kofman.Penelope Deutscher & Kelly Oliver (eds.) - 2018 - Cornell University Press.
    The work of the distinguished philosopher Sarah Kofman has, since her tragic death in 1994, become a focus for many scholars interested in contemporary French philosophy. The first critical collection on her thought to appear in English, Enigmas evaluates Kofman's most important contributions to philosophy, psychoanalytic theory, feminism, and literary theory. These insightful essays range from analyses of Kofman's first book, L'Enfance de l'art, to her last, L'Imposture de la beauté. This unique volume represents the major themes in Kofman's scholarship: (...)
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  36.  33
    Indeterminacy in the Odyssey Marylin A. Katz: Penelope's Renown: Meaning and Indeterminacy in the Odyssey. Pp. Xii + 223. Princeton University Press, 1991. $35. [REVIEW]M. M. Willcock - 1992 - The Classical Review 42 (02):250-252.
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  37.  13
    Penelope and the Pigs: Indic Perspectives on the "Odyssey".Stephanie W. Jamison - 1999 - Classical Antiquity 18 (2):227-272.
    In India it is a commonplace that the great epic, the Mahābhārata, is a dharma or legal text. It can also be demonstrated not only that there are explicit references to ritual in the epic narrative, but that the narrative sometimes covertly encodes ritual, allowing the audience to experience the narrative on several levels at once. I will suggest that it is possible to read the Odyssey both as a legal and a ritual text and that explicit reference to the (...)
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  38.  6
    Lines to Time: A Poem by V. Penelope Pelizzon.M. W. Rowe - 2016 - Philosophy and Literature 40 (1):1-33.
    This essay explores a modern American poem—its verse form, imagery, diction, and rhythm, and, in particular, its cultural echoes, resonances, and overtones. I examine the poem’s explicit invocation of Apelles and crow mythology, but I also show that the implicit context from which it arises, and the one that allows it to speak with the great- est fullness and power, is work that Shakespeare wrote or published between 1606 and 1609. This context allows us to see that, at the heart (...)
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  39.  20
    The Descent of Man and the Evolution of Woman.Penelope Deutscher - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):35-55.
    This paper addresses the appropriation of theories of evolution by nineteenth-century feminists, focusing on the critical response to Darwin's The Descent of Man by Eliza Burt Gamble and Antoinette Brown Blackwell and Charlotte Perkins Gilman's social evolutionism. For Gilman, evolutionism was a revolutionary resource for feminism, one of its greatest hopes. Gamble and Blackwell revisit Darwin's data with the aim of locating, amidst his ostensive conclusions to the contrary, his implicit "defense" of either the equality or the superiority of women. (...)
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  40.  21
    The Role of Acoustics and Music Theory in the Scientific Work of Robert Hooke.Penelope Gouk - 1980 - Annals of Science 37 (5):573-605.
    The work of Robert Hooke on acoustics and music theory is a larger subject than might seem the case from studies of his career so far available. First, there are his experiments for the Royal Society which can be defined as purely acoustical, which anticipate later experiments performed by men such as J. Sauveur and E. Chladni. Second, there are passages in many of his writings which by extensive use of musical analogy attempt to account for all physical phenomena of (...)
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  41. How Applied Mathematics Became Pure.Penelope Maddy - 2008 - Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (1):16-41.
    My goal here is to explore the relationship between pure and applied mathematics and then, eventually, to draw a few morals for both. In particular, I hope to show that this relationship has not been static, that the historical rise of pure mathematics has coincided with a gradual shift in our understanding of how mathematics works in application to the world. In some circles today, it is held that historical developments of this sort simply represent changes in fashion, or in (...)
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  42.  2
    Can Online Academic Integrity Instruction Affect University Students’ Perceptions of and Engagement in Academic Dishonesty? Results From a Natural Experiment in New Zealand.Jason Michael Stephens, Penelope Winifred St John Watson, Mohamed Alansari, Grace Lee & Steven Martin Turnbull - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The problem of academic dishonesty is as old as it is widespread – dating back millennia and perpetrated by the majority of students. Attempts to promote academic integrity, by comparison, are relatively new and rare – stretching back only a few hundred years and implemented by a small fraction of schools and universities. However, the past decade has seen an increase in efforts among universities to promote academic integrity among students, particularly through the use of online courses or tutorials. Previous (...)
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  43.  34
    “The Only Diabolical Thing About Women…”: Luce Irigaray on Divinity.Penelope Deutscher - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (4):88-111.
    Luce Irigaray's argument that women need a feminine divine is placed in the context of her analyses of the interconnection between man's appropriation of woman as his “negative alter ego” and his identification with the impossible ego ideal represented by the figure of God. As an alternative, the “feminine divine” is conceived as a realm with which women would be continuous. It would allow mediation between humans, and interrupt cannibalizing appropriations of the other.
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  44. Counterfactuals and the Fixity of the Past.Penelope Mackie - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (2):1-19.
    I argue that David Lewis’s attempt, in his ‘Counterfactual Dependence and Time’s Arrow’, to explain the fixity of the past in terms of counterfactual independence is unsuccessful. I point out that there is an ambiguity in the claim that the past is counterfactually independent of the present (or, more generally, that the earlier is counterfactually independent of the later), corresponding to two distinct theses about the relation between time and counterfactuals, both officially endorsed by Lewis. I argue that Lewis’s attempt (...)
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  45.  61
    Logic and the Discursive Intellect.Penelope Maddy - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (1):94-115.
    The effort to fit simple logical truths–like `if it's either red or green and it's not red, then it must be green'–into Kant's account of knowledge turns up a position more subtle and intriguing than might be expected at first glance.
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  46.  67
    The Descent of Man and the Evolution of Woman.Penelope Deutscher - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):35-55.
    : This paper addresses the appropriation of theories of evolution by nineteenth-century feminists, focusing on the critical response to Darwin's The Descent of Man by Eliza Burt Gamble (The Evolution of Woman, 1893) and Antoinette Brown Blackwell (The Sexes Throughout Nature, 1875) and Charlotte Perkins Gilman's social evolutionism. For Gilman, evolutionism was a revolutionary resource for feminism, one of its greatest hopes. Gamble and Blackwell revisit Darwin's data with the aim of locating, amidst his ostensive conclusions to the contrary, his (...)
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  47. Reproductive Politics, Biopolitics and Auto-Immunity: From Foucault to Esposito. [REVIEW]Penelope Deutscher - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (2):217-226.
    The contingent cultural, epistemological and ontological status of biology is highlighted by changes in attitudes towards reproductive politics in the history of feminist movements. Consider, for example, the American, British, and numerous European instances of feminist sympathy for eugenics at the turn of the century. This amounted to a specific formation of the role, in late nineteenth and early twentieth century feminisms, of concepts of biological risk and defence, which were transformed into the justificatory language of rights claims. In this (...)
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  48. Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties.Penelope Mackie - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):311-333.
    The paper discusses sortal essentialism': the view that some sortal concepts represent essential properties of the things that fall under them. Although sortal essentialism is widely accepted, there is a dearth of theories purporting to explain why some sortals should have this characteristic. The paper examines two theories that do attempt this explanatory task, theories proposed by Baruch Brody and David Wiggins. It is argued that Brody's theory rests on an untenable principle about "de re" modality, while Wiggins' theory appeals (...)
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  49.  10
    „Wer Sich Aber Zum Wurm Macht …“ – Würde Als Selbstverpflichtung.Katharina Bauer - 2018 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 66 (5):607-625.
    Kant introduces a duty to oneself to respect oneself and to avoid servility – or not to make oneself a worm. I argue for a wider understanding of this duty: Persons ought to respect their own dignity as persons with autonomy, rationality, and morality, but also as personalities, who embody dignity and live a dignified life. A corresponds to Kant’s concept of duty as the necessity of an action done out of respect for the moral law, B is an obligation (...)
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  50. Naturalism and Common Sense.Penelope Maddy - 2011 - Analytic Philosophy 52 (1):2-34.
    My topic here is metaphilosophy, the question of how philosophy is properly done. For some years now, I've been developing a particularly austere, roughly naturalistic approach to philosophical questions that I call 'second philosophy'. It has seemed to me that one effective way to convey the spirit of second philosophy is to compare and contrast it with other more familiar methods, like transcendental or therapeutic philosophy. Here I hope to pursue this sort of engagement with two other venerable schools of (...)
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