Results for 'Pawel Banas'

821 found
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  1.  21
    Canberra‐Style Analysis and Law: A Critique of Andrei Marmor's Farewell to Conceptual Analysis.Paweł Banaś & Filip Gołba - 2017 - Ratio Juris 30 (4):549-559.
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  2.  19
    Deferred Reference of Proper Names.Katarzyna Kijania-Placek & Paweł Banaś - 2021 - Journal of Semantics 38 (2):195-219.
    In this paper, we argue that proper names have deferred uses. Following Geoffrey Nunberg, we describe the deferred reference mechanism by which a linguistic expression refers to something in the world by exploiting a contextually salient relation between an index and the referent in question. Nunberg offered a thorough analysis of deferred uses of indexicals but claimed that proper names do not permit such uses. We, however, offer a number of examples of uses of proper names which pass grammatical tests (...)
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  3.  8
    Zastosowania filozofii analitycznej w prawoznawstwie: Wprowadzenie.Paweł Banaś, Wojciech Ciszewski, Adam Dyrda & Bartosz Janik - 2018 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 9 (1):11-17.
    The paper critically examines the conception of majoritarian democracy. In the second part of the text, the author introduces the definition of majoritarian democracy based on the Joseph Schumpeter’s theory of minimal democracy. The thesis of the paper is that electing the government by universal suffrage is neither necessary nor sufficient as a condition for a democratic regime. The concept of democracy is broader, including the catalogue of democratic values connected with the concept of democratic citizenship, special circumstances of political (...)
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  4.  30
    Friedrich August von Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty by Pawel Urgacz.Paweł Urgacz - 2008 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 13 (1):149-154.
  5.  21
    Stanisław Kowalczyk, Zarys Filozofii Polityki [An Outline of the Political Philosophy] by Paweł Urgacz.Paweł Urgacz - 2008 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 13 (2):387-390.
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  6.  17
    Adam Grobler, Metodologia Nauk [Methodology of the Sciences] by Andrzej Bronk, Pawel Kawalec.Andrzej Bronk & Pawel Kawałec - 2008 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 13 (1):147-149.
  7. Predictive Coding and Representationalism.Paweł Gładziejewski - 2016 - Synthese 193 (2).
    According to the predictive coding theory of cognition , brains are predictive machines that use perception and action to minimize prediction error, i.e. the discrepancy between bottom–up, externally-generated sensory signals and top–down, internally-generated sensory predictions. Many consider PCT to have an explanatory scope that is unparalleled in contemporary cognitive science and see in it a framework that could potentially provide us with a unified account of cognition. It is also commonly assumed that PCT is a representational theory of sorts, in (...)
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  8. Structural Representations: Causally Relevant and Different From Detectors.Paweł Gładziejewski & Marcin Miłkowski - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (3):337-355.
    This paper centers around the notion that internal, mental representations are grounded in structural similarity, i.e., that they are so-called S-representations. We show how S-representations may be causally relevant and argue that they are distinct from mere detectors. First, using the neomechanist theory of explanation and the interventionist account of causal relevance, we provide a precise interpretation of the claim that in S-representations, structural similarity serves as a “fuel of success”, i.e., a relation that is exploitable for the representation using (...)
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  9. The Philosophy of Evil.Paweł Siwek - 1951 - New York: Ronald Press Co..
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  10.  14
    Leaving Gift-Giving Behind: The Ethical Status of the Human Body and Transplant Medicine.Paweł Łuków - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (2):221-230.
    The paper argues that the idea of gift-giving and its associated imagery, which has been founding the ethics of organ transplants since the time of the first successful transplants, should be abandoned because it cannot effectively block arguments for markets in human body parts. The imagery suggests that human bodies or their parts are transferable objects which belong to individuals. Such imagery is, however, neither a self-evident nor anthropologically unproblematic construal of the relation between a human being and their body. (...)
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  11.  8
    Self-Perpetuating Development of Encoding Biases.Pawel Lewicki, Thomas Hill & Irene Sasaki - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (4):323-337.
  12.  9
    On the Status of Nonconscious Processes in Human Cognition: Comment on Reber.Pawel Lewicki & Thomas Hill - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (3):239-241.
  13.  3
    Rola świadomej zgody rodziców w opiece nad noworodkami na granicy zdolności do przeżycia.Paweł Łuków - 2020 - Diametros 17 (63):40-55.
    The paper analyses the application of the best interest standard in the medical care of extremely preterm babies. It proposes that as long as the parents base their decision on a well-founded medical opinion regarding the neonate’s diagnosis and prognosis and are not victims of superstition or prejudice, medical professionals are obligated to respect the parents’ informed consent, even if the professionals disagree with the parents’ opinion. In their assessments of the neonate’s interest, medical professionals can be primarily guided by (...)
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  14. Selectionism and Diaphaneity.Paweł Jakub Zięba - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-31.
    Brain activity determines which relations between objects in the environment are perceived as differences and similarities in colour, smell, sound, etc. According to selectionism, brain activity does not create those relations; it only selects which of them are perceptually available to the subject on a given occasion. In effect, selectionism entails that perceptual experience is diaphanous, i.e. that sameness and difference in the phenomenal character of experience is exhausted by sameness and difference in the perceived items. It has been argued (...)
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  15.  8
    Directival Theory of Meaning: From Syntax and Pragmatics to Narrow Linguistic Content.Paweł Grabarczyk - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This book presents a new approach to semantics based on Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz’s Directival Theory of Meaning, which in effect reduces semantics of the analysed language to the combination of its syntax and pragmatics. The author argues that the DTM was forgotten because for many years philosophers didn’t have conceptual tools to appreciate its innovative nature, and that the theory was far ahead of its time. The book shows how a redesigned and modernised version of the DTM can deliver a new (...)
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  16. Minimum Intelligent Signal Test as an Alternative to the Turing Test.Paweł Łupkowski & Patrycja Jurowska - 2019 - Diametros 59:35-47.
    The aim of this paper is to present and discuss the issue of the adequacy of the Minimum Intelligent Signal Test (MIST) as an alternative to the Turing Test. MIST has been proposed by Chris McKinstry as a better alternative to Turing’s original idea. Two of the main claims about MIST are that (1) MIST questions exploit commonsense knowledge and as a result are expected to be easy to answer for human beings and difficult for computer programs; and that (2) (...)
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  17.  19
    How Did She Get So Good? On Virtue and Skill. [REVIEW]Bana Bashour - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (2):563-575.
    In his recent book on skill and virtue, Matt Stichter provides an account based on work in empirical psychology, specifically on self-regulation. In this paper I wish to argue that while this account is novel and well informed, it falls short. I present several examples that I believe Stichter’s view cannot explain and I try to identify the reasons for that. I argue that while trying to avoid the completely anti-intellectualist account of skill especially when it comes to virtue, Stichter (...)
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  18.  39
    On the Formal Consistency of the Principal Principle.Gergei Bana - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):988-1001.
    Rédei and Gyenis suggest that Lewis’s Principal Principle is meaningful only if it satisfies certain consistency conditions: starting from any assignment of subjective probabilities to some algebra of events, we should always be able to extend our algebra with events of the form “the value of the objective probability of event E is p” and assign subjective probabilities to such events in a consistent manner. We show that this extension is indeed possible in most cases. However, we also argue that (...)
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  19.  1
    O znaczeniu pojęć informatycznych dla filozofii na przy- kładzie rozróżnienia między cyfrowością i analogowością.Paweł Stacewicz - 2020 - Filozofia i Nauka 1 (8):213-234.
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  20. Naïve Realism About Unconscious Perception.Paweł Zięba - 2019 - Synthese 196 (5):2045-2073.
    Recently, it has been objected that naïve realism is inconsistent with an empirically well-supported claim that mental states of the same fundamental kind as ordinary conscious seeing can occur unconsciously (SFK). The main aim of this paper is to establish the following conditional claim: if SFK turns out to be true, the naïve realist can and should accommodate it into her theory. Regarding the antecedent of this conditional, I suggest that empirical evidence renders SFK plausible but not obvious. For it (...)
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  21.  31
    Explaining Cognitive Phenomena with Internal Representations: A Mechanistic Perspective.Paweł Gładziejewski - 2015 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 40 (1):63-90.
    Despite the fact that the notion of internal representation has - at least according to some - a fundamental role to play in the sciences of the mind, not only has its explanatory utility been under attack for a while now, but it also remains unclear what criteria should an explanation of a given cognitive phenomenon meet to count as a representational explanation in the first place. The aim of this article is to propose a solution to this latter problem. (...)
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  22. Why Alief is Not a Legitimate Psychological Category.Hans Muller & Bana Bashour - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:371-389.
    We defend the view that belief is a psychological category against a recent attempt to recast it as a normative one. Tamar Gendler has argued that to properly understand how beliefs function in the regulation and production of action, we need to contrast beliefs with a class of psychological states and processes she calls “aliefs.” We agree with Gendler that affective states as well as habits and instincts deserve more attention than they receive in the contemporary philosophical psychology literature. But (...)
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  23. Proof of Kolmogorovian Censorship.Gergely Bana & Thomas Durt - 1997 - Foundations of Physics 27 (10):1355-1373.
    Many argued that Kolmogorov's axioms of classical probability theory are incompatible with quantum probabilities, and that this is the reason for the violation of Bell's inequalities. Szabó showed that, in fact, these inequalities are not violated by the experimentally observed frequencies if we consider the real, “effective” frequencies. We prove in this work a theorem which generalizes this results: “effective” frequencies associated to quantum events always admit a Kolmogorovian representation, when these events are collected through different experimental setups, the choice (...)
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  24.  22
    Why Alief is Not a Legitimate Psychological Category.Hans Muller & Bana Bashour - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:371-389.
    We defend the view that belief is a psychological category against a recent attempt to recast it as a normative one. Tamar Gendler has argued that to properly understand how beliefs function in the regulation and production of action, we need to contrast beliefs with a class of psychological states and processes she calls “aliefs.” We agree with Gendler that affective states as well as habits and instincts deserve more attention than they receive in the contemporary philosophical psychology literature. But (...)
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  25.  8
    Directival Theory of Meaning Resurrected.Paweł Grabarczyk - 2017 - Studia Semiotyczne—English Supplement 29 (1):62-81.
    The first aim of this paper is to remind the reader of a very original theory of meaning which in many aspects has not been surpassed by subsequent theories. The theory in question is Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz’s Directival Theory of Meaning. In the first section I present a version of this theory which, I trust, retains the gist of the original but loses its outdated language. In the second section I analyze some problematic consequences of the directival theory and show how (...)
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  26.  34
    Contemporary Philosophical Naturalism and its Implications.Bana Bashour & Hans D. Muller (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    One of the most pervasive and persistent questions in philosophy is the relationship between the natural sciences and traditional philosophical categories such as metaphysics, epistemology and the mind. _Contemporary Philosophical Naturalism and Its Implications _is a unique and valuable contribution to the literature on this issue. It brings together a remarkable collection of highly regarded experts in the field along with some young theorists providing a fresh perspective. This book is noteworthy for bringing together committed philosophical naturalists, thus diverging from (...)
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  27.  70
    Perception of Affordances and Experience of Presence in Virtual Reality.Paweł Grabarczyk & Marek Pokropski - 2016 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 7 (2):25-44.
    Recent developments in virtual reality technology raise a question about the experience of presence and immersion in virtual environments. What is immersion and what are the conditions for inducing the experience of virtual presence? In this paper, we argue that crucial determinants of presence are perception of affordances and sense of embodiment. In the first section of this paper, we define key concepts and introduce important distinctions such as immersion and presence. In the second and third sections, we respectively discuss (...)
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  28.  24
    Many-Valued Logic of Informal Provability: A Non-Deterministic Strategy.Pawel Pawlowski & Rafal Urbaniak - 2018 - Review of Symbolic Logic 11 (2):207-223.
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  29.  18
    God and Cogito: Semen Frank on the Ontological Argument.Paweł Rojek - 2019 - Studies in East European Thought 71 (2):119-140.
    Semen Frank was one of the first and most ardent advocates of the ontological argument in the twentieth century. He proposed an original interpretation of the ontological argument based on its analogy to Descartes’ Cogito. Frank believed that it is possible to develop Cogito ergo sum into Cogito ergo est ens absolutum. In this paper, I analyze his version of the ontological argument. First, I propose a simple reconstruction of his reasoning, paying attention to its hidden premise. Second, departing from (...)
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  30.  83
    Immoral Beliefs.Bana Bashour - 2013 - Ratio 26 (3):299-309.
    In this paper, I argue that there exists a class of immoral beliefs. These beliefs are immoral not for the usual reasons, i.e. because of their tendency to cause harm, their immoral acquisition, or the fact that they involve unjustified moral judgments. Rather, the class of beliefs to which I wish to draw attention includes beliefs that do not even have any moral content, but whose non-moral content is still morally significant. These beliefs are immoral because holding them constitutes an (...)
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  31.  11
    Philosophy in Science: A Name with a Long Intellectual Tradition.Paweł Jan Polak - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:251-270.
    This paper presents Michael Heller’s notion of “philosophy in science” and re-introduces Michael Heller’s classical text that first presented this concept of philosophy entitled How is “philosophy in science” possible?. The paper discusses the historical context of Heller’s idea as it emerged from the discussions and works of the Krakow philosophical scene and discusses the basic tenants of this philosophy, its analytic character, the role of intellectual tradition in the development of this philosophy, and the critical role played by an (...)
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  32. Just How Conservative is Conservative Predictive Processing?Paweł Gładziejewski - 2017 - Hybris. Internetowy Magazyn Filozoficzny 38:98-122.
    Predictive Processing (PP) framework construes perception and action (and perhaps other cognitive phenomena) as a matter of minimizing prediction error, i.e. the mismatch between the sensory input and sensory predictions generated by a hierarchically organized statistical model. There is a question of how PP fits into the debate between traditional, neurocentric and representation-heavy approaches in cognitive science and those approaches that see cognition as embodied, environmentally embedded, extended and (largely) representation-free. In the present paper, I aim to investigate and clarify (...)
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  33.  10
    Can Memes Explain the Birth of Comprehension?Paweł Grabarczyk - 2019 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 10 (3).
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  34.  18
    The Education of the Bravanese Community. Key Issues of Culture and Identity.Bana M. S. Banafunzi - 1996 - Educational Studies 22 (3):331-342.
    Bana M. S. Banafunzi is an Asylum seeker from Somalia, presently living in Ilford, East London. He has a wide administration experience in Somalia. He was awarded a BA in Economics from Somali National University, a post‐graduate Diploma in Development Planning at API, Kuwait and an MBA at the UWIST, Cardiff.
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  35.  12
    Pure Altruistic Gift and the Ethics of Transplant Medicine.Paweł Łuków - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):95-107.
    The article argues that altruistic giving based on anonymity, which is expected to promote social solidarity and block trade in human body parts, is conceptually defective and practically unproductive. It needs to be replaced by a more adequate notion which responds to the human practices of giving and receiving. The argument starts with identification of the main characteristics of the anonymous altruistic donation: social separation of the organ donor from the recipient, their mutual replaceability, non-obligatoriness of donation, and non-obligatoriness of (...)
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  36.  8
    Expert Attention: Attentional Allocation Depends on the Differential Development of Multisensory Number Representations.Pawel J. Matusz, Rebecca Merkley, Michelle Faure & Gaia Scerif - 2019 - Cognition 186:171-177.
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  37. Commentary to Andrzej Kaniowski’s text, “Immanuel Kant’s practical philosophy – its strengths and weaknesses”.Paweł Łuków - 2004 - Diametros:137-147.
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  38. Did Achilles really exist?Paweł Łuków - 2004 - Diametros:167-169.
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  39. Ex pumice aqua.Paweł Łuków - 2006 - Diametros:129-133.
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  40. Kantian Duties Towards Nature: Humans and Other Animals.Paweł Łuków - 2006 - Diametros 9.
    The confrontation of the dominant perspectives on the ethics of the relationship between humans and other animals with the Kantian proposal shows that its situation is not significantly worse than that of its competitors. First, many criticisms of Kant’s ethics are based on a selective reading of his works, and some of those criticisms show little knowledge of Kant’s actual views. Secondly, demands to adapt moral theory to selected moral intuitions uncritically assume that these intuitions are sound. Thirdly, many critics (...)
     
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  41. The passage from metaphysics and anthropology to the metaphysics of action.Paweł Łuków - 2004 - Diametros:207-211.
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  42. Who are those in need?Paweł Łuków - 2010 - Diametros:154-165.
    The standard view of the duty to help those in need suggests that it is acceptable to refuse to help others who are known to be in need and who can be assisted. This conclusion can be avoided if helping is seen from the perspective of Kant’s idea of the duty of beneficence. On this view help should not be seen as stemming from the recognition of contingent differences between those who are inclined to help and those who are in (...)
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  43.  7
    Combined Problem Triggers in Simultaneous Interpreting: Exploring the Effect of Delivery Rate on Processing and Rendering Numbers.Paweł Korpal & Katarzyna Stachowiak-Szymczak - 2020 - Perspectives 28 (1):126-143.
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  44. Three Trope Theories.Paweł Rojek - 2008 - Axiomathes 18 (3):359-377.
    Universals are usually considered to be universal properties. Since tropes are particular properties, if there are only tropes, there are no universals. However, universals might be thought of not only as common properties, but also as common aspects (“determinable universals”) and common wholes (“concrete universals”). The existence of these two latter concepts of universals is fully compatible with the assumption that all properties are particular. This observation makes possible three different trope theories, which accept tropes and no universals, tropes and (...)
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  45.  5
    Multi-Modal Distraction: Insights From Children’s Limited Attention.Pawel J. Matusz, Hannah Broadbent, Jessica Ferrari, Benjamin Forrest, Rebecca Merkley & Gaia Scerif - 2015 - Cognition 136:156-165.
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  46.  12
    Paweł Siwek SJ , filozof i psycholog.Roman Darowski - 1996 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 1:284-284.
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  47.  22
    Classification Issue in the Ivf Icsi/Et Data Analysis: Early Treatment Outcome Prognosis.Paweł Malinowski, Robert Milewski, Piotr Ziniewicz, Anna Justyna Milewsk, Jan Czerniecki & Sławomir Wołczyński - 2013 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 35 (1):103-115.
    Infertility is a serious social problem. Very often the only treatment possibility are IVF methods. This study explores the possibility of outcome prediction in the early stages of treatment. The data, collected from the previous treatment cycles, were divided into four subsets, which corresponded to the selected stages of treatment. On each such subset, sophisticated data mining analysis was carried out, with appropriate imputations and classification procedures. The obtained results indicate that there is a possibility of predicting the final outcome (...)
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  48.  18
    Dynamic Essences: Absolute, Prospective, Retrospective, and Relative Modalities.Paweł Rojek & Błażej Skrzypulec - 2018 - Studia Humana 7 (1):3-20.
    Essential properties are usually thought as properties that things must always possess, whereas accidental properties are considered as changeable. In this paper, we challenge this traditional view. We argue that in some important cases, such as social or biological development, we face not only the change of accidents, but also the change of essences. To analyze this kind of change we propose an alternative view on the relations between the modalities and time. Some properties might be necessary or possible for (...)
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  49. Action Guidance is Not Enough, Representations Need Correspondence Too: A Plea for a Two-Factor Theory of Representation.Paweł Gładziejewski - 2015 - New Ideas in Psychology:doi:10.1016/j.newideapsych.2015..
    The aim of this article is to critically examine what I call Action-Centric Theories of Representation (ACToRs). I include in this category theories of representation that (1) reject construing representation in terms of a relation that holds between representation itself (the representational vehicle) and what is represented, and instead (2) try to bring the function that representations play for cognitive systems to the center stage. Roughly speaking, according to proponents of ACToRs, what makes a representation (that is, what is constitutive (...)
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  50.  11
    Perceptual Justification in the Bayesian Brain: A Foundherentist Account.Paweł Gładziejewski - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):11397-11421.
    In this paper, I use the predictive processing theory of perception to tackle the question of how perceptual states can be rationally involved in cognition by justifying other mental states. I put forward two claims regarding the epistemological implications of PP. First, perceptual states can confer justification on other mental states because the perceptual states are themselves rationally acquired. Second, despite being inferentially justified rather than epistemically basic, perceptual states can still be epistemically responsive to the mind-independent world. My main (...)
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