Results for 'Pawe�� Bernat'

136 found
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  1. Death: Merely Biological? James L. Bernat Replies.J. L. Bernat - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (1):5-5.
     
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  2.  93
    The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy.James L. Bernat - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):35-43.
    “Brain death,” the determination of human death by showing the irreversible loss of all clinical functions of the brain, has become a worldwide practice. A biophilosophical account of brain death requires four sequential tasks: agreeing on the paradigm of death, a set of preconditions that frame the discussion; determining the definition of death by making explicit the consensual concept of death; determining the criterion of death that proves the definition has been fulfilled by being both necessary and sufficient for death; (...)
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  3.  30
    Towards a Standard Taxonomy of Artifact Functions.Pawe&Lstrok Garbacz - 2006 - Applied Ontology 1 (3):221-236.
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  4.  16
    On the Relationship Between Rhythmic Firing in the Supramammillary Nucleus and Limbic Theta Rhythm.Bernat Kocsis - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):210-211.
    Lewis emphasizes the role of theta oscillations in emergent coupling among neural subsystems during emotionally relevant tasks or situations. Here I present some recent data on the relationship of rhythmic neuronal discharge in the supramammillary nucleus and the large-scale theta oscillations in the limbic system which provide support to many of his ideas regarding vertical integration in dynamic systems.
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  5.  62
    Platón en la relación intelectual de Eric Voegelin y Leo Strauss.Bernat Torres Morales & Josep Monserrat Molas - 2011 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 28:275-302.
    This essay examines the relationship between Eric Voegelin and Leo Strauss in order to show the central themes necessary to elucidate their philosophical positions. The essay reveals the centrality of the figure of Plato as a point of departure to understand the agreement and the disagreement concerning fundamental questions (such as the way of reading ancient texts, the importance of the historical perspective or the importance of the study of the past in order to orient the modern science) which revolves (...)
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  6. RACJONALIZM RELIGIJNY W UJĘCIU WISZOWATEGO I LEIBNIZA.PAWEŁ KOSIŃSKI - 2015 - Hybris, Revista de Filosofí­A (29):032-055.
    RELIGIOUS RATIONALISM OF WISZOWATY AND LEIBNIZ The purpose of this article is to show that religious rationalism presented by Polish Socinian Andrzej Wiszowaty is different from Leibniz’s religious rationalism. At the beginning of the article the author analyzed the dispute between Wiszowaty and Leibniz about Trinity. While comparing religious and philosophical concept of Wiszowaty and Leibniz the author has proved that both philosophers presented different views related to the nature of God, perception of the truths of faith, predestination and miracles. (...)
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  7. L'anthropologie et la théologie dans le plan philosophique d'Epicure.K. Paw Owski - 1989 - Studia Filozoficzne 280:45-58.
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  8.  47
    Unconscious Perception: A Model-Based Approach to Method and Evidence.Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):846-867.
  9.  42
    A Defense of the Whole‐Brain Concept of Death.James L. Bernat - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (2):14-23.
  10.  9
    The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion. Richard A. Shweder, Ed. Chicago: Chicago University Press. 2009. Xxxvii + 1105 Pp. [REVIEW]J. Christopher Kovats-Bernat - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (4):1-2.
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  11.  57
    How the Distinction Between "Irreversible" and "Permanent" Illuminates Circulatory-Respiratory Death Determination.J. L. Bernat - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):242-255.
    The distinction between the "permanent" (will not reverse) and "irreversible" (cannot reverse) cessation of functions is critical to understand the meaning of a determination of death using circulatory–respiratory tests. Physicians determining death test only for the permanent cessation of circulation and respiration because they know that irreversible cessation follows rapidly and inevitably once circulation no longer will restore itself spontaneously and will not be restored medically. Although most statutes of death stipulate irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions, the accepted (...)
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  12.  18
    The Organism as a Whole in an Analysis of Death.Andrew P. Huang & James L. Bernat - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (6):712-731.
    Although death statutes permitting physicians to declare brain death are relatively uniform throughout the United States, academic debate persists over the equivalency of human death and brain death. Alan Shewmon showed that the formerly accepted integration rationale was conceptually incomplete by showing that brain-dead patients demonstrated a degree of integration. We provide a more complete rationale for the equivalency of human death and brain death by defending a deeper understanding of the organism as a whole and by using a novel (...)
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  13.  38
    Whither Brain Death?James L. Bernat - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):3-8.
    The publicity surrounding the recent McMath and Muñoz cases has rekindled public interest in brain death: the familiar term for human death determination by showing the irreversible cessation of clinical brain functions. The concept of brain death was developed decades ago to permit withdrawal of therapy in hopeless cases and to permit organ donation. It has become widely established medical practice, and laws permit it in all U.S. jurisdictions. Brain death has a biophilosophical justification as a standard for determining human (...)
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  14.  11
    The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy.James L. Bernat - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):35-43.
    The definition of death is one of the oldest and most enduring problems in biophilosophy and bioethics. Serious controversies over formally defining death began with the invention of the positive-pressure mechanical ventilator in the 1950s. For the first time, physicians could maintain ventilation and, hence, circulation on patients who had sustained what had been previously lethal brain damage. Prior to the development of mechanical ventilators, brain injuries severe enough to induce apnea quickly progressed to cardiac arrest from hypoxemia. Before the (...)
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  15. The Limits of Situational Ethics.I. Lazari-Paw Owska - 1986 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 23:197-208.
     
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  16. Externalizing Psychopatholog Yand the Error-Related Negativity.J. R. Hall, E. M. Bernat & C. J. Patrick - 2007 - Psychological Science 18 (4):326-333.
    Prior research has demonstrated that antisocial behavior, substance-use disorders, and personality dimensions of aggression and impulsivity are indicators of a highly heritable underlying dimension of risk, labeled externalizing. Other work has shown that individual trait constructs within this psychopathology spectrum are associated with reduced self-monitoring, as reflected by amplitude of the error-related negativity (ERN) brain response. In this study of undergraduate subjects, reduced ERN amplitude was associated with higher scores on a self-report measure of the broad externalizing construct that links (...)
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  17.  1
    The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion. Richard A.Shweder, Ed. Chicago: Chicago University Press. 2009. Xxxvii + 1105 Pp. [REVIEW]J. Christopher Kovats-Bernat - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (4):1-2.
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  18.  18
    On Noncongruence Between the Concept and Determination of Death.James L. Bernat - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (6):25-33.
  19.  8
    Ressenyes: B. Bossi, Saber gozar: estudios sobre el placer en Platón, Madrid, Trotta, 2008, 304 pp. [REVIEW]Bernat Torres - 2011 - Convivium: revista de filosofía 24:191-193.
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  20. The Biophilosophical Basis of Whole-Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2002 - Soc Philos Policy 19 (2):324-42.
    Notwithstanding these wise pronouncements, my project here is to characterize the biological phenomenon of death of the higher animal species, such as vertebrates. My claim is that the formulation of “whole- brain death ” provides the most congruent map for our correct understanding of the concept of death. This essay builds upon the foundation my colleagues and I have laid since 1981 to characterize the concept of death and refine when this event occurs. Although our society's well-accepted program of multiple (...)
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  21.  66
    Chronic Disorders of Consciousness.James L. Bernat - 2006 - Lancet 367 (9517):1181-1192.
  22.  28
    Medical Decision Making by Patients in the Locked-in Syndrome.James L. Bernat - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (2):229-238.
    The locked-in syndrome is a state of profound paralysis with preserved awareness of self and environment who typically results from a brain stem stroke. Although patients in LIS have great difficulty communicating, their consciousness, cognition, and language usually remain intact. Medical decision-making by LIS patients is compromised, not by cognitive impairment, but by severe communication impairment. Former systems of communication that permitted LIS patients to make only “yes” or “no” responses to questions was sufficient to validate their consent for simple (...)
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  23.  9
    A Conceptual Justification for Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):S19-S21.
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  24. "Emergencia permanente": Una caracterización del sistema político de la Argentina.Bernat Riutort Serra - 2006 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 28:223-228.
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  25. Tras la "clausura de la Historia": las sendas de la democracia en la era global.Bernat Riutort Serra - 2008 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 31:235-246.
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  26. A propósito de la edición de La religión de los samurái.Bernat Martí Oroval - 2007 - Dilema: Revista de Filosofía 11 (2):91-104.
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  27.  2
    Una ontología de la monstruosidad americana. Del monstruo fabuloso al monstruo ontológico.Bernat Castany Prado & Christian Snoey Abadías - 2021 - Ingenium. Revista Electrónica de Pensamiento Moderno y Metodología En Historia de Las Ideas 14:25-34.
    This paper studies how Europe conceived America, not only as a place inhabited by monsters, but also as a monstrous space in itself, as soon as its mere appearance meant an alteration of the previous ontological order. By way of illustration we analyze how the Europeans imagined projected on America each of the different theratologic currents that dominated during the 16TH and 17TH centuries.
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  28.  4
    Aligning the Criterion and Tests for Brain Death.James L. Bernat & Anne L. Dalle Ave - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):635-641.
    :Disturbing cases continue to be published of patients declared brain dead who later were found to have a few intact brain functions. We address the reasons for the mismatch between the whole-brain criterion and brain death tests, and suggest solutions. Many of the cases result from diagnostic errors in brain death determination. Others probably result from a tiny amount of residual blood flow to the brain despite intracranial circulatory arrest. Strategies to lessen the mismatch include improving brain death determination training (...)
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  29.  4
    " Tercera edad" y Prácticas Alimentarias: entre la autonomía, las ayudas y el cuidado.Elena Espeitx Bernat & Jesús Contreras Hernández - 2002 - Endoxa 1 (15):135.
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  30.  32
    How Much of the Brain Must Die in Brain Death?James L. Bernat - 1992 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (1):21.
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  31.  26
    Are Organ Donors After Cardiac Death Really Dead?James L. Bernat - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (2):122.
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  32.  13
    The Biophilosophical Basis of Whole-Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):324-342.
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  33. The Fall of the Spanish Publishing Empire.Bernat Ruiz - 2015 - Logos 26 (1):7-18.
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  34.  30
    Sublimidad y nihilismo en la cultura del Barroco.Bernat Castany Prado - 2012 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 37 (2):91-110.
    Este trabajo estudia el concepto de “lo sublime” en la cultura barroca, con el objetivo de demostrar que, aunque no fue teorizado sistemáticamente hasta el siglo XVIII, este cobró durante el siglo XVII una centralidad y, sobre todo, un significado filosófico semejantes a los que se impondrían posteriormente y que, según veremos, está estrechamente ligado con el concepto de “nihilismo”.
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  35. Paradigmas sobre las crisis económicas: lo político y la política.Bernat Riutort Serra - 2012 - Laguna 30:47-72.
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  36.  24
    Defining Death in Theory and Practice.James L. Bernat, Charles M. Culver & Bernard Gert - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (1):5-9.
  37. Intersubjetividad y poder.Bernat Riutort Serra - 1997 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 9:106-124.
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  38.  7
    La literatura y la tradición de los ejercicios espirituales.Bernat Castany Prado - 2017 - Revista de Filosofía 42 (2):261-274.
    This paper studies the role of literature and rethorics as a tool of philosophical practice within the classical tradition of «spiritual exercises». The aim of this study is to propose new ways of thinking the relations among philosophy and literature as formative or psicagogic disciplines, as well as for stand up for the role of philosophy and literature in our society.
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  39.  50
    The Invisible Paw.Elizabeth H. Wolgast - 1984 - The Monist 67 (2):229-250.
    One of Darwin’s purposes in writing The Origin of Species was to rebut the doctrine of separate creations. Moreover, the argument he was chiefly concerned with—which was both his target and the model of his own argument—was the familiar argument from design.
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  40. Pretending to Be Better Than They Are? Emotional Manipulation in Imprisoned Fraudsters.Qianglong Wang, Zhenbiao Liu, Edward M. Bernat, Anthony A. Vivino, Zilu Liang, Shuliang Bai, Chao Liu, Bo Yang & Zhuo Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Fraud can cause severe financial losses and affect the physical and mental health of victims. This study aimed to explore the manipulative characteristics of fraudsters and their relationship with other psychological variables. Thirty-four fraudsters were selected from a medium-security prison in China, and thirty-one healthy participants were recruited online. Both groups completed an emotional face-recognition task and self-report measures assaying emotional manipulation, psychopathy, emotion recognition, and empathy. Results showed that imprisoned fraudsters had higher accuracy in identifying fear and surprise faces (...)
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  41.  15
    Donation After Brain Circulation Determination of Death.Anne L. Dalle Ave & James L. Bernat - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):15.
    The fundamental determinant of death in donation after circulatory determination of death is the cessation of brain circulation and function. We therefore propose the term donation after brain circulation determination of death [DBCDD]. In DBCDD, death is determined when the cessation of circulatory function is permanent but before it is irreversible, consistent with medical standards of death determination outside the context of organ donation. Safeguards to prevent error include that: 1] the possibility of auto-resuscitation has elapsed; 2] no brain circulation (...)
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  42.  21
    Event-Related Brain Correlates of Associative Learning Without Awareness.Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, Michael Snodgrass & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - International Journal of Psychophysiology 53 (3):217-231.
  43.  5
    Hall E., Alston R. And Mcconell J., Eds. Ancient Slavery and Abolition. From Hobbes to Hollywood. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. 509. £90. 9780199574674. [REVIEW]Bernat Montoya Rubio - 2013 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 133:318-319.
  44.  7
    Distinguishing Between Patients' Refusals and Requests.Bernard Gert, James L. Bernat & R. Peter Mogielnicki - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (4):13-15.
  45.  14
    Brain Indices of Nonconscious Associative Learning.Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, S. Bunce & H. Shevrin - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):519-544.
    Using a classical conditioning technique, this study investigated whether nonconscious associative learning could be indexed by event-related brain activity . There were three phases. In a preconditioning baseline phase, pleasant and unpleasant facial schematics were presented in awareness . A conditioning phase followed, in which stimuli were presented outside awareness , with an unpleasant face linked to an aversive shock and a pleasant face not linked to a shock. The third, postconditioning phase, involved stimulus presentations in awareness . Evidence for (...)
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  46. The Concept and Practice of Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  47. Unconscious Perception at the Objective Detection Threshold Exists.Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):888-895.
     
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  48.  18
    The Debate Over Death Determination in DCD.James L. Bernat - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (3):3-3.
  49.  3
    Learning Lament Between the Paws: Walking with Aslan Through Pain and Suffering.Scott Holman - 2016 - Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care 9 (2):194-206.
    Our life in this broken world requires tools to own and express our grief in ways that are connected to our faith in God. We find that the biblical genre of lament is appropriate to the task. However, we do not come to lament without baggage, and we sometimes require additional help in the form of symbolic capital borrowed from stories and songs. In this case, The Chronicles of Narnia provide such capital. As we reflect on these stories, we can (...)
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  50.  21
    On Irreversibility as a Prerequisite for Brain Death Determination.James L. Bernat - 2004 - In C. Machado & D. E. Shewmon (eds.), Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 161--167.
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