Results for 'Paula K. A. Braitstein'

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  1.  5
    Peers, Near-Peers, and Outreach Staff to Build Solidarity in Global HIV Research With Adolescents.Mary A. Ott, Edith Apondi, Katherine R. MacDonald, Lonnie Embleton, Julie G. Thorne, Juddy Wachira, Allan Kamanda & Paula K. A. Braitstein - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):72-74.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 72-74.
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  2.  59
    Justifying Coercion.Paula K. Vuckovich & Barbara M. Artinian - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (4):370-380.
    A grounded theory study of psychiatric nurses’ experiences of administering medication to involuntary psychiatric patients revealed a basic social process of justifying coercion. Although the 17 nurses interviewed all reported success at avoiding the use of coercion, each had an individual approach to using the nurse-patient relationship to do this. However, all the nurses used the same process to reconcile themselves to using coercion when it became necessary. This has three stages: assessment of need; negotiation; and justifying and taking coercive (...)
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  3.  11
    Compliance Versus Adherence in Serious and Persistent Mental Illness.Paula K. Vuckovich - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (1):77-85.
    Failure to follow prescribed treatment has devastating consequences for those who are seriously and persistently mentally ill. Nurses, therefore, try to get clients to take psychotropic medication on a long-term basis. The goal is either compliance or adherence. Although current nursing literature has abandoned the term compliance because of its implications of coercion, in psychiatric nursing practice with patients suffering from serious long-term mental illness compliance and adherence are in fact different goals. The ideal goal is adherence, which requires the (...)
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  4. Anarchizm epistemologiczny a relatywizm Paula K. Feyerabenda.Olga Zamelska - 2004 - Diametros 1:85-103.
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  5.  86
    A Qualitative Study Using Traditional Community Assemblies to Investigate Community Perspectives on Informed Consent and Research Participation in Western Kenya.Rachel Vreeman, Eunice Kamaara, Allan Kamanda, David Ayuku, Winstone Nyandiko, Lukoye Atwoli, Samuel Ayaya, Peter Gisore, Michael Scanlon & Paula Braitstein - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):23-.
    Background International collaborators face challenges in the design and implementation of ethical biomedical research. Evaluating community understanding of research and processes like informed consent may enable researchers to better protect research participants in a particular setting; however, there exist few studies examining community perspectives in health research, particularly in resource-limited settings, or strategies for engaging the community in research processes. Our goal was to inform ethical research practice in a biomedical research setting in western Kenya and similar resource-limited settings. Methods (...)
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  6. Mindfulness Meditation Improves Cognition: Evidence of Brief Mental Training☆.Fadel Zeidan, Susan K. Johnson, Bruce J. Diamond, Zhanna David & Paula Goolkasian - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):597-605.
    Although research has found that long-term mindfulness meditation practice promotes executive functioning and the ability to sustain attention, the effects of brief mindfulness meditation training have not been fully explored. We examined whether brief meditation training affects cognition and mood when compared to an active control group. After four sessions of either meditation training or listening to a recorded book, participants with no prior meditation experience were assessed with measures of mood, verbal fluency, visual coding, and working memory. Both interventions (...)
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  7.  9
    Applying a 'Stages of Change' Model to Enhance a Traditional Evaluation of a Research Transfer Course.Leslie L. Buckley, Paula Goering, Sagar V. Parikh, Dale Butterill & Emily K. H. Foo - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (4):385-390.
  8.  2
    Queer Women in the Hookup Scene: Beyond the Closet?Paula England, Alison C. K. Fogarty, Shiri Regev-Messalem, Verta Taylor & Leila J. Rupp - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (2):212-235.
    The college hookup scene is a profoundly gendered and heteronormative sexual field. Yet the party and bar scene that gives rise to hookups also fosters the practice of women kissing other women in public, generally to the enjoyment of male onlookers, and sometimes facilitates threesomes involving same-sex sexual behavior between women. In this article, we argue that the hookup scene serves as an opportunity structure to explore same-sex attractions and, at least for some women, to later verify bisexual, lesbian, or (...)
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  9.  17
    A Randomised Controlled Trial of an Intervention to Improve Compliance with the ARRIVE Guidelines.Ezgi Tanriver-Ayder, Laura J. Gray, Sarah K. McCann, Ian M. Devonshire, Leigh O’Connor, Zeinab Ammar, Sarah Corke, Mahmoud Warda, Evandro Araújo De-Souza, Paolo Roncon, Edward Christopher, Ryan Cheyne, Daniel Baker, Emily Wheater, Marco Cascella, Savannah A. Lynn, Emmanuel Charbonney, Kamil Laban, Cilene Lino de Oliveira, Julija Baginskaite, Joanne Storey, David Ewart Henshall, Ahmed Nazzal, Privjyot Jheeta, Arianna Rinaldi, Teja Gregorc, Anthony Shek, Jennifer Freymann, Natasha A. Karp, Terence J. Quinn, Victor Jones, Kimberley Elaine Wever, Klara Zsofia Gerlei, Mona Hosh, Victoria Hohendorf, Monica Dingwall, Timm Konold, Katrina Blazek, Sarah Antar, Daniel-Cosmin Marcu, Alexandra Bannach-Brown, Paula Grill, Zsanett Bahor, Gillian L. Currie, Fala Cramond, Rosie Moreland, Chris Sena, Jing Liao, Michelle Dohm, Gina Alvino, Alejandra Clark, Gavin Morrison, Catriona MacCallum, Cadi Irvine, Philip Bath, David Howells, Malcolm R. Macleod, Kaitlyn Hair & Emily S. Sena - 2019 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 4 (1).
    BackgroundThe ARRIVE guidelines are widely endorsed but compliance is limited. We sought to determine whether journal-requested completion of an ARRIVE checklist improves full compliance with the guidelines.MethodsIn a randomised controlled trial, manuscripts reporting in vivo animal research submitted to PLOS ONE were randomly allocated to either requested completion of an ARRIVE checklist or current standard practice. Authors, academic editors, and peer reviewers were blinded to group allocation. Trained reviewers performed outcome adjudication in duplicate by assessing manuscripts against an operationalised version (...)
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  10.  8
    A Gift of Tamil: Translations From Tamil Literature, in Honor of K. Paramasivam.Hank Heifetz, Norman Cutler & Paula Richman - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (2):354.
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  11.  10
    Několik Poznámek K Dekonstrukcia K Jejímu.U. Paula de Mana A. Pojetí & Harolda Blooma - 2005 - Filozofia 60 (4):277.
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  12.  39
    Wim J. Van der Steen and Vincent K.J. Ho (2001). Methods and Morals in the Life Sciences: A Guide for Analyzing and Writing Texts. [REVIEW]Lino Enrique Paula - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (1):73-76.
  13.  13
    A Qualitative Description of Service Providers’ Experiences of Ethical Issues in HIV Care.Motshedisi B. Sabone, Keitshokile Dintle Mogobe, Ellah Matshediso, Sheila Shaibu, Esther I. Ntsayagae, Inge B. Corless, Yvette P. Cuca, William L. Holzemer, Carol Dawson-Rose, Solymar S. Soliz Baez, Marta Rivero-Mendz, Allison R. Webel, Lucille Sanzero Eller, Paula Reid, Mallory O. Johnson, Jeanne Kemppainen, Darcel Reyes, Kathleen Nokes, Dean Wantland, Patrice K. Nicholas, Teri Lingren, Carmen J. Portillo, Elizabeth Sefcik & Ellen Long-Middleton - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301775374.
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  14.  1
    A Computational Evaluation of Two Models of Retrieval Processes in Sentence Processing in Aphasia.Paula Lissón, Dorothea Pregla, Bruno Nicenboim, Dario Paape, Mick L. Van het Nederend, Frank Burchert, Nicole Stadie, David Caplan & Shravan Vasishth - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (4):e12956.
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  15.  11
    Paul: The Pagans’ Apostle by Paula Fredriksen.Nijay K. Gupta - 2019 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 73 (2):196-198.
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  16.  63
    Shaping Ethical Perceptions: An Empirical Assessment of the Influence of Business Education, Culture, and Demographic Factors.Yvette P. Lopez, Paula L. Rechner & Julie B. Olson-Buchanan - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (4):341-358.
    Recent events at Enron, K-Mart, Adelphia, and Tyson would seem to suggest that managers are still experiencing ethical lapses. These lapses are somewhat surprising and disappointing given the heightened focus on ethical considerations within business contexts during the past decade. This study is designed, therefore, to increase our understanding of the forces that shape ethical perceptions by considering the effects of business school education as well as a number of other individual-level factors (such as intra-national culture, area of specialization within (...)
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  17.  21
    Communicating BRCA research results to patients enrolled in international clinical trials: lessons learnt from the AGO-OVAR 16 study.David J. Pulford, Philipp Harter, Anne Floquet, Catherine Barrett, Dong Hoon Suh, Michael Friedlander, José Angel Arranz, Kosei Hasegawa, Hiroomi Tada, Peter Vuylsteke, Mansoor R. Mirza, Nicoletta Donadello, Giovanni Scambia, Toby Johnson, Charles Cox, John K. Chan, Martin Imhof, Thomas J. Herzog, Paula Calvert, Pauline Wimberger, Dominique Berton-Rigaud, Myong Cheol Lim, Gabriele Elser, Chun-Fang Xu & Andreas du Bois - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):63.
    The focus on translational research in clinical trials has the potential to generate clinically relevant genetic data that could have importance to patients. This raises challenging questions about communicating relevant genetic research results to individual patients. An exploratory pharmacogenetic analysis was conducted in the international ovarian cancer phase III trial, AGO-OVAR 16, which found that patients with clinically important germ-line BRCA1/2 mutations had improved progression-free survival prognosis. Mechanisms to communicate BRCA results were evaluated, because these findings may be beneficial to (...)
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  18.  87
    Remembering Claudia Card: Two Tributes.Paula Gottlieb & Lynne Tirrell - 2015 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 1 (2):1-6.
    From the editor: On behalf of the editors of FPQ, I thank our colleagues for providing us their public addresses at the Celebration of Life of Professor Claudia Falconer Card of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who died on Saturday, September 12, 2015. Claudia Card was the author of over one hundred articles and books, key works of moral and feminist philosophy including Confronting Evils: Terrorism, Torture, Genocide, The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil, and The Unnatural Lottery: Character and Moral (...)
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  19.  9
    Are Developmental Disabilities the Same in Children and Adults?Paula Tallal - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):768-769.
    Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith (T&K-S) raise an issue of considerable theoretical importance: Are developmental disorders like cases of adult brain damage? However, a related question: Are developmental disabilities the same in children and adults? is rarely addressed. Failure to consider the cumulative and differing effects of aberrant development across the life span confounds the current literature on both developmental dyslexia and Specific Language Impairment.
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  20. Prispevek Paula Ricoeurja fenomenološki hermenevtiki evropske zgodovine in evropskih vrednot.Yvanka Raynova - 2005 - Phainomena 14 (53-54):59-74.
    Naloga pričujočega prispevka je, prvič, rekonstrukcija Ricoeurjevega večstranskega pristopa k evropski problematiki prek analize njegovega razvoja od Ricoeurjeve zgodnje do pozne faze pisanja. Drugič, izpostavitev specifike in izvirnosti Ricoeurjevih pogledov s poudarkom na razlikah glede Husserlove fenomenologije in filozofije zgodovine; in tretjič, obravnava pojmovnega prispevka Ricoeurjevega hermenevtičnega pristopa in možnosti njegovih aplikacij glede rekonstrukcije evropskega spomina in izgradnje nove vrste kulturne, družbene in politične skupnostni.The following article aims, firstly, to offer a reconstruction of Ricoeur’s multifarious approach to the European problematic (...)
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  21.  10
    Autobiographical Memory Specificity and the Persistence of Depressive Symptoms in HIV-Positive Patients: Rumination and Social Problem-Solving Skills as Mediators.Paula K. Yanes, Gene Morse, Chiu-Bin Hsiao, Leonard Simms & John E. Roberts - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (8):1496-1507.
  22. Dear John Dewey: Reflections About Teaching and Learning.Paula K. Greene - 2003 - Kappa Delta Pi.
  23.  7
    Educating the Young for Ethical Citizenship.Paula K. Fraser - 2010 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 18 (1):79-98.
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  24.  27
    Recognition as a Valued Human Being: Perspectives of Mental Health Service Users.K. A. Eriksen, B. Sundfor, B. Karlsson, M. -B. Raholm & M. Arman - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (3):357-368.
    The acknowledgement of basic human vulnerability in relationships between mental health service users and professionals working in community-based mental health services (in Norway) was a starting point. The purpose was to explore how users of these services describe and make sense of their meetings with other people. The research is collaborative, with researcher and person with experienced-based knowledge cooperating through the research process. Data is derived from 19 interviews with 11 people who depend on mental health services for assistance at (...)
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  25.  12
    Culture, Perceived Corruption, and Economics.K. A. Gertz & R. J. Volkema - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (1):7-30.
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  26. Hilbert's 'Foundations of Physics': Gravitation and Electromagnetism Within the Axiomatic Method.K. A. Brading & T. A. Ryckman - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (1):102-153.
  27. Valid and Non-Reactive Verbalization of Thoughts During Performance of Tasks - Towards a Solution to the Central Problems of Introspection as a Source of Scientific Data.K. A. Ericsson - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):1-18.
  28.  19
    The Effects of Action Choice on Temporal Binding, Agency Ratings, and Their Correlation.K. A. Schwarz, L. Weller, A. L. Klaffehn & R. Pfister - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 75:102807.
  29.  5
    Handedness and Speech: A Critical Reappraisal of the Role of Genetic and Environmental Factors in the Cerebral Lateralization of Function.K. A. Provins - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):554-571.
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  30.  10
    A Clinical Ethics Committee in a Small Health Service Trust.K. A. Wood & S. Ellis - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):420-420.
  31.  19
    A Systems Analysis of Political Life. [REVIEW]A. M. K. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):365-366.
    An attempt by one of the leading political scientists to "extricate from the total political reality those aspects that can be considered the fundamental processes or activities without which no political life in society could continue." The conceptual framework for a "more complex structure of a theory" is developed around the concepts of demand, support, stress, and input-output. Easton explicitly rejects the discussion of political theory in terms of what he calls political philosophy, but the work is nevertheless of interest (...)
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  32.  16
    A Survey of Marxism: Problems in Philosophy and the Theory of History. [REVIEW]A. M. K. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (3):587-587.
    A comprehensive review of Marxism and its development by Engels, Lenin, and contemporary Soviet philosophers. Two sections of equal length deal with "Marxism as a Philosophy" and "Marxism as a Theory of History." The results of recent scholarship done in many parts of the world are presented in a systematic account of Marx and his relationship to Engels, Lenin and others. In post-Marxian philosophy, major emphasis is placed on the "classical" dialectical materialism, but other types of Marxism are considered as (...)
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  33.  25
    Obstetrician-Gynaecologists' Opinions About Conscientious Refusal of a Request for Abortion: Results From a National Vignette Experiment.K. A. Rasinski, J. D. Yoon, Y. G. Kalad & F. A. Curlin - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):711-714.
    Background and objectives Conscientious refusal of abortion has been discussed widely by medical ethicists but little information on practitioners' opinions exists. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) issued recommendations about conscientious refusal. We used a vignette experiment to examine obstetrician-gynecologists' (OB/GYN) support for the recommendations. Design A national survey of OB/GYN physicians contained a vignette experiment in which an OB/GYN doctor refused a requested elective abortion. The vignette varied two issues recently addressed by the ACOG ethics committee—whether the (...)
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  34.  9
    Ethics consultation in paediatric and adult emergency departments: an assessment of clinical, ethical, learning and resource needs.K. A. Colaco, A. Courtright, S. Andreychuk, A. Frolic, J. Cheng & A. J. Kam - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):13-20.
    Objective We sought to understand ethics and education needs of emergency nurses and physicians in paediatric and adult emergency departments in order to build ethics capacity and provide a foundation for the development of an ethics education programme. Methods This was a prospective cross-sectional survey of all staff nurses and physicians in three tertiary care EDs. The survey tool, called Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey, was pilot tested on a similar target audience for question content and clarity. Results Of the (...)
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  35. Orientations in African Philosophy: A Critical Survey.K. A. Owolabi - 1999 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 26 (1):59-70.
  36.  35
    A Survey of Marxism.K. A. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (3):587-587.
  37.  12
    A Comparison Between Dooyeweerd and Vollehoven on the Historiography of Philosophy.K. A. Bril - 1995 - Philosophia Reformata 60 (2):121-146.
    The founders of reformational philosophy, H. Dooyeweerd and D.H.Th. Vollenhoven, each published in short succession, viz. 1949 and 1950, a voluminous study in the history of philosophy. Whoever reads both works is struck by the remarkable differences in treatment. In this contribution these differences are analysed, but there is also indication of agreement. The article ends with a number of conclusions based on the analysis.
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  38.  20
    Optimising the Documentation Practices of an Ethics Consultation Service.K. A. Bramstedt, A. R. Jonsen, W. S. Andereck, J. W. McGaughey & A. B. Neidich - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):47-50.
    A formal Ethics Consultation Service (ECS) can provide significant help to patients, families and hospital staff. As with any other form of clinical consultation, documentation of the process and the advice rendered is very important. Upon review of the published consult documentation practices of other ECSs, we judged that none of them were sufficiently detailed or structured to meet the needs and purposes of a clinical ethics consultation. Thus, we decided to share our method in order to advance the practice (...)
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  39.  15
    Epistemology for the Rest of Us: Hints of a Paradigm Shift in Abraham’s Crossing the Threshold.James K. A. Smith - 2008 - Philosophia Christi 10 (2):353-362.
    William Abraham’s “canonical theism” calls into question standard strategies in philosophy of religion which strain out the particularities of Christian faith, distilling a “mere theism” and position Christian faith within a broader, “general” epistemology. I evaluate Abraham’s call for a philosophical approach that honors the thick particularity of Christian faith and makes room for the unique epistemological status of revelation. I conclude that Abraham’s promising project could be extended to more radically call into question the “intellectualism” that characterizes contemporary philosophy (...)
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  40.  22
    Failure to Report and Provide Commentary on Research Ethics Board Approval and Informed Consent in Medical Journals.K. A. Finlay & C. V. Fernandez - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):761-764.
    Background: The Declaration of Helsinki prohibits the publication of articles that do not meet defined ethical standards for reporting of research ethics board approval and informed consent. Despite this prohibition and a call to highlight the deficiency for the reader, articles with potential ethical shortcomings continue to be published.Objective: To determine what proportion of articles in major medical journals lack statements confirming REB approval and informed consent, and whether accompanying commentary alerts readers to this deficiency.Design: Retrospective, observational study.Setting: Online review (...)
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  41. Mood and Recognition Memory: A Comparison of Two Procedures.K. A. M. Garcia & R. C. Beck - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (6).
  42. Expert Chess Memory Without Chess Knowledge-a Training Study.K. A. Ericsson & M. S. Harris - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):518-518.
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  43. Chelovek V Kosmose Myshlenii͡a: Vvedenie V Ėpistemotologii͡u: Sbornik Rabot.K. A. Surikov - 2008
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  44.  11
    $${\in_K}$$ : A Non-Fregean Logic of Explicit Knowledge.Steffen Lewitzka - 2011 - Studia Logica 97 (2):233-264.
    We present a new logic-based approach to the reasoning about knowledge which is independent of possible worlds semantics. \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\in_K}$$\end{document} is a non-Fregean logic whose models consist of propositional universes with subsets for true, false and known propositions. Knowledge is, in general, not closed under rules of inference; the only valid epistemic principles are the knowledge axiom Kiφ → φ and some minimal conditions concerning common knowledge in a group. Knowledge is explicit (...)
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  45.  7
    A Feminist Challenge to Practices of Medicine.K. A. Wallace - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (1):70.
  46. Renessansnye Osnovanii͡a Antropot͡sentrizma.K. A. Sergeev - 2007 - Nauka.
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  47. Can Psychopathic Offenders Discern Moral Wrongs? A New Look at the Moral/Conventional Distinction.E. Aharoni, W. Sinnott-Armstrong & K. A. Kiehl - 2012 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology (2):484-497..
    A prominent view of psychopathic moral reasoning suggests that psychopathic individuals cannot properly distinguish between moral wrongs and other types of wrongs. The present study evaluated this view by examining the extent to which 109 incarcerated offenders with varying degrees of psychopathy could distinguish between moral and conventional transgressions relative to each other and to nonincarcerated healthy controls. Using a modified version of the classic Moral/Conventional Transgressions task that uses a forced-choice format to minimize strategic responding, the present study found (...)
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  48.  20
    Love and Mercy: Written by Oren Moverman, Michael A. Lerner, and Brian Wilson, Directed by Bill Pohlad, 2015, River Road Entertainment and Battle Mountain Films.K. A. Bramstedt - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (4):723-724.
    This is a review of the biographic drama Love and Mercy. More than a story of the evolution of The Beach Boys, it is the story of the lead Beach Boy, Brian Wilson, and his struggle with substance abuse, mental illness, family stress, emerging love, and a controlling psychologist. Interwoven are many bioethics themes, including the doctor–patient relationship, conflict of interest, autonomy, and patient welfare. For those unaware of the sadness and torment running directly alongside the sunny, bubbly life of (...)
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  49. Liberalizm I Konservatizm V Rossii: Ontologicheskie Osnovy I Politicheskoe Razvitie, Monografii͡a.K. A. Lotarev - 2008
  50.  86
    Common Morality and Moral Reform.K. A. Wallace - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):55-68.
    The idea of moral reform requires that morality be more than a description of what people do value, for there has to be some measure against which to assess progress. Otherwise, any change is not reform, but simply difference. Therefore, I discuss moral reform in relation to two prescriptive approaches to common morality, which I distinguish as the foundational and the pragmatic. A foundational approach to common morality (e.g., Bernard Gert’s) suggests that there is no reform of morality , but (...)
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