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Paul Woodruff [84]Paul B. Woodruff [1]Paul Bestor Woodruff [1]
  1.  41
    The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy.Paul B. Woodruff - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1):205-210.
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  2.  16
    Reverence: Renewing a Forgotten Virtue.Paul Woodruff - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Reverence is an ancient virtue that survives among us in half-forgotten patterns of civility and moments of inarticulate awe. Reverence gives meaning to much that we do, yet the word has almost passed out of our vocabulary.Reverence, says philosopher and classicist Paul Woodruff, begins in an understanding of human limitations. From this grows the capacity to be in awe of whatever we believe lies outside our control -- God, truth, justice, nature, even death. It is a quality of character that (...)
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  3.  23
    Reverence: Renewing a Forgotten Virtue.Paul Woodruff - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    This short, elegiac volume makes an impassioned case for the fundamental importance of the forgotten virtue of reverence, and how awe for things greater than oneself can - indeed must - be a touchstone for other virtues like respect, humility, and charity. Ranging widely over diverse cultural terrain - from Philip Larkin to ancient Greek poetry, from modern politics to Chinese philosphy - Woodruff shows how absolutely essential reverence is to a well-functioning society.
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  4.  50
    Early Greek political thought from Homer to the sophists.Michael Gagarin & Paul Woodruff (eds.) - 1995 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    This edition of early Greek writings on social and political issues includes works by more than thirty authors. There is a particular emphasis on the sophists, with the inclusion of all of their significant surviving texts, and the works of Alcidamas, Antisthenes and the 'Old Oligarch' are also represented. In addition there are excerpts from early poets such as Homer, Hesiod and Solon, the three great tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, the historians Herodotus and Thucydides, medical writers and presocratic philosophers. (...)
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  5.  22
    The Pyrrhonian Modes.Paul Woodruff - 2010 - In Richard Bett (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 208.
  6.  65
    The Necessity of Theater: The Art of Watching and Being Watched.Paul Woodruff - 2008 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    What is unique and essential about theatre? What separates it from other arts? Do we need 'theatre' in some fundamental way? The art of theatre, as Paul Woodruff says in this elegant and unique book, is as necessary-and as powerful-as language itself. Defining theatre broadly, including sporting events and social rituals, he treats traditional theatre as only one possibility in an art that-at its most powerful-can change lives and bring a divine presence to earth. The Necessity of Theater analyzes the (...)
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  7.  50
    Socrates and ontology: The evidence of the Hippias major.Paul Woodruff - 1978 - Phronesis 23 (2):101-117.
  8. Aporetic Pyrrhonism.Paul Woodruff - 1988 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 6:139-68.
  9.  48
    Reason and religion in Socratic philosophy.Nicholas D. Smith & Paul Woodruff (eds.) - 2000 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume brings together mostly previously unpublished studies by prominent historians, classicists, and philosophers on the roles and effects of religion in Socratic philosophy and on the trial of Socrates. Among the contributors are Thomas C. Brickhouse, Asli Gocer, Richard Kraut, Mark L. McPherran, Robert C. T. Parker, C. D. C. Reeve, Nicholas D. Smith, Gregory Vlastos, Stephen A. White, and Paul B. Woodruff.
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  10.  68
    Mindful Virtue, Mindful Reverence.Ursula Goodenough & Paul Woodruff - 2001 - Zygon 36 (4):585-595.
    How does one talk about moral thought and moral action as a religious naturalist? We explore this question by considering two human capacities: the capacity for mindfulness, and the capacity for virtue. We suggest that mindfulness is deeply enhanced by an understanding of the scientific worldview and that the four cardinal virtues—courage, fairmindedness, humaneness, and reverence—are rendered coherent by mindful reflection. We focus on the concept of mindful reverence and propose that the mindful reverence elicited by the evolutionary narrative is (...)
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  11.  31
    Plato: Protagoras.Paul Woodruff & C. C. W. Taylor - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (2):325.
  12.  17
    Socrates on the Parts of Virtue.Paul Woodruff - 1976 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 2:101-116.
    Plato represents Socrates as believing in the unity of the virtues, quarreling with those who, like Protagoras or Meno, wish to treat the virtues as distinct objects of inquiry. On the other hand, there is good reason to deny that Plato's Socrates believed in the numerical identity of the virtues. What Socrates did believe, I shall argue, is that the various virtues are one in essence. I shall show what this means and how it clears up prima facie inconsistencies among (...)
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  13.  65
    Wrong Turns in the Euthyphro.Paul Woodruff - 2019 - Apeiron 52 (2):117-136.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  14.  32
    Socrates on the Parts of Virtue.Paul Woodruff - 1976 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (sup1):101-116.
  15. Socrates and the Irrational.Paul Woodruff - 2000 - In Nicholas D. Smith & Paul Woodruff (eds.), Reason and Religion in Socratic Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 130--50.
     
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  16.  14
    Chapter Three.Paul Woodruff - 1987 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 3 (1):79-115.
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  17.  16
    Plato's shorter ethical works.Paul Woodruff - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  18. The Skeptical Side of Plato's Method.Paul Woodruff - 1986 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 40 (1):22.
  19.  7
    Why Did Protagoras Use Poetry in Education?Paul Woodruff - 2016 - In Olof Pettersson & Vigdis Songe-Møller (eds.), Plato’s Protagoras: Essays on the Confrontation of Philosophy and Sophistry. Springer.
    Like Plato, Protagoras held that young children learn virtue from fine examples in poetry. Unlike Plato, Protagoras taught adults by correcting the diction of poets. In this paper I ask what his standard of correctness might be, and what benefit he intended his students to take from exercises in correction. If his standard of correctness is truth, then he may intend his students to learn by questioning the content of poems; that would be suggestive of Plato’s program in Republic III. (...)
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  20.  68
    What is the Question in the Hippias Major?Paul Woodruff - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (3-4):73-79.
    The joy he took in Plato’s early dialogues was contagious. Gregory Vlastos introduced me to philosophy when I was nineteen and his example inspired me to continue on the road to scholarship. He loved Socrates and was fascinated by this controversial dialogue, the Hippias Major, which became the subject of my fi rst book. For Vlastos, Plato’s Socrates was a fi gure of almost biblical importance, an example of a life well lived in search of wisdom. Although he was an (...)
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  21.  60
    What's Wrong with Discrimination?Paul Woodruff - 1976 - Analysis 36 (3):158 - 160.
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  22.  15
    The Ethics of Giving: Philosophers' Perspectives on Philanthropy.Paul Woodruff (ed.) - 2018 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    In giving to charity, should we strive to do the greatest good or promote a lesser good? This is a unique collection of new papers on philanthropy from a range of philosophical perspectives, including intuitionism, virtue ethics, Kantian ethics, utilitarianism, theories of justice, and ideals of personal integrity.
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  23.  55
    The Sophists.Michael Gagarin & Paul Woodruff - 2008 - In Patricia Curd & Daniel W. Graham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This article shows that important questions remain to be answered about the topics the sophists studied and taught, and their views, both positive and negative, about truth, religion, and convention. The sophists are united more by common methods and attitudes than by common interests. All sophists, for example, challenged traditional thinking, often in ways that went far beyond questioning the existence of the gods, or the truth of traditional myths, or customary moral rules, all of which had been questioned before. (...)
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  24.  65
    First democracy: the challenge of an ancient idea.Paul Woodruff - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Americans have an unwavering faith in democracy and are ever eager to import it to nations around the world. But how democratic is our own "democracy"? If you can vote, if the majority rules, if you have elected representatives--does this automatically mean that you have a democracy? In this eye-opening look at an ideal that we all take for granted, classical scholar Paul Woodruff offers some surprising answers to these questions. Drawing on classical literature, philosophy, and history--with many intriguing passages (...)
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  25.  9
    Justification or Excuse: Saving Soldiers at the Expense of Civilians.Paul Woodruff - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (sup1):159-176.
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  26.  23
    Learning through Love: A Lover’s Initiation in the Symposium.Paul Woodruff - 2023 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 17 (1):36-58.
    In the Symposium of Plato, Socrates reports that Diotima once described to him a process of initiation by which a lover rises from desiring one beautiful body to catching sight of what seems to be the Platonic form of beauty. Scholars have debated whether the lover is to make this ascent by a rational process or a non-rational one, or by both working either in concert or independently. This paper argues that love leads and guides a process in this initiation (...)
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  27.  43
    Sharing Emotions Through Theater: The Greek Way.Paul Woodruff - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (1):146-151.
    Presentations of tragic theater in ancient Greece both represent and elicit the sharing of emotions. The theory behind this is cognitive: In order to share the emotions of another, you must understand the situation of the other. In keeping with the theory, tragic texts emphasize the importance of understanding.Ancient Greek poets did not conceive that one person could respond emotionally to another without understanding the situation of the other, ideally through having lived through a similar situation — if not, then (...)
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  28.  66
    Socrates and Political Courage.Paul Woodruff - 2007 - Ancient Philosophy 27 (2):289-302.
  29.  35
    Two Comic Dialogues: Ion and Hippias Major. Plato & Paul Woodruff - 1983 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    Together these two dialogues contain Plato’s most important work on poetry and beauty.
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  30.  38
    Didymus on protagoras and the protagoreans.Paul Woodruff - 1985 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 23 (4):483-497.
  31. Eikos and bad faith in the paired speeches of Thucydides.Paul Woodruff - 1994 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 10:115-145.
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  32.  57
    Engaging Emotion in Theater.Paul Woodruff - 1988 - The Monist 71 (2):235-257.
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  33. The Skeptical Side of Plato's Method in Platon.Paul Woodruff - 1986 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 40 (156-157):22-37.
  34. Respect.Paul Woodruff - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell.
  35.  14
    Aristotle's Poetics: The Aim of Tragedy.Paul Woodruff - 2009 - In Georgios Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 612–627.
    This chapter contains sections titled: What Is Tragedy? Mimesis6 Understanding Katharsis17 Five Questions for Interpreters A Short History of Katharsis Interpretation The Nature of Our Question Notes Bibliography.
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  36. Justice as a Virtue of the Soul.Paul Woodruff - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy:89-101.
     
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  37.  9
    Apology.Paul Woodruff - 1978 - Analysis 38 (3):113.
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  38.  12
    "... Merely a Man of Letters": an interview with Jorge Luis Borges.Paul Woodruff - 1977 - Philosophy and Literature 1 (3):337-341.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:.. MERELY A MAN OF LETTERS" an interview with Jorge Luis Borges* Philosophy and Literature: Why don't you tell us about some of the philosophers who have influenced your work and in whom you have been the most interested? Jorge Luis Borges: Well, I think that's an easy one. You might talk in terms of two: Berkeley and Schopenhauer. But I suppose Hume might be worked in also, because, (...)
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  39.  35
    Aristotle on Character in Tragedy, or, Who Is Creon? What Is He?Paul Woodruff - 2009 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 67 (3):301-309.
  40.  54
    Author Q & A.Paul Woodruff - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 57 (57):125-126.
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  41. Ancient scepticism.Paul Woodruff - 2018 - In Nicholas D. Smith (ed.), The philosophy of knowledge: a history. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  42. Antiphon, Sophist and Athenian.Paul Woodruff - 2004 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 26:323-336.
     
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  43. Antiphon, Sophist and Athenian: A Discussion of Michael Gagarin, Antiphon the Athenian, and Gerard J. Pendrick, Antiphon the Sophist.Paul Woodruff - 2004 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Xxvi: Summer 2004. Oxford University Press.
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  44.  4
    Colloquium 4.Paul Woodruff - 1994 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 10 (1):115-145.
  45.  12
    Duties and Ethical Giving.Paul Woodruff - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 84:10-13.
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  46. Editorial.Paul Woodruff - 1978 - Analysis 38 (1).
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  47. Justification or Excuse: Saving Soldiers at the Expense of Civilians.Paul Woodruff - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 8:159.
     
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  48.  43
    Knowledge and reality in Plato's "philebus".Paul Woodruff - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (1):79-81.
    Presenting a case for the possibility of interpreting the metaphysical passages of the "philebus" consistently with the view that plato substantially revised the theory of transcendent forms in his later dialogues. sections (1) to (5) make necessary initial philosophical distinctions and present a brief account of material in other dialogues. sections (6) to (10) discuss in detail the interpretation of relevant specific passages.
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  49.  14
    Living toward virtue: practical ethics in the spirit of Socrates.Paul Woodruff - 2023 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    Virtue ethics can be practical if we give it a new start, working from Socrates' approach to ethics as represented in Plato. This approach is more promising than that of most recent virtue ethicists, who begin from Aristotle. It is also more practical than modern ethical theories. Socrates asks us to nurture the moral health of our souls all our lives, whereas Aristotle teaches us to acquire virtues as traits. Traits are not reliable however, and false confidence in one's virtue (...)
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  50.  76
    Lighting Up the Lizard Brain: The New Necessity of Theater.Paul Woodruff - 2011 - Topoi 30 (2):151-155.
    The paper seeks to identify criteria that digital communication would have to satisfy in order to serve the functions for which theater is necessary in human cultures.
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