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Paul Gomberg [51]Paul R. Gomberg [1]
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Paul Gomberg
University of California, Davis
  1.  21
    Knowledge.Paul Gomberg - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (3):396.
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  2.  5
    How to Make Opportunity Equal: Race and Contributive Justice.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    The author contributes debate to the distributive injustices such as low pay, inferior healthcare and housing, as well as diminished opportunities in schools, which continue to blight the lives of millions of urban poor in America and beyond.
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  3. The Fallacy of Philanthropy.Paul Gomberg - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):29 - 65.
    Global poverty, hunger, and lack of access to save water raise problems of how to organize human society so that everyone's needs can be met. Philanthropic proposals, such as Peter Singer's and Peter Unger's, are based on a false analogy to duties of rescue and encourage philanthropic responses, thus closing the discourse to discussion of the causes and remedies of poverty. Radical criticism of capitalist social structures are put off the table, and this is a profound error.
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  4.  31
    How to Make Opportunity Equal: Race and Contributive Justice.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This critical examination of racial equality takes a new approach to breaking down racial barriers by proposing a system of equal opportunity through shared labor and contributive justice. Focuses on how race and class inevitably structure vastly unequal life prospects Shows how human society can be organized in a way that does not socialize children for lives of routine labour Looks towards contribution, not distribution, as a way to promote racial equality Argues that by sharing routine and complex labor, social (...)
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  5. Patriotism is like racism.Paul Gomberg - 1990 - Ethics 101 (1):144-150.
  6.  10
    The Fallacy Of Philanthropy.Paul Gomberg - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):29-65.
    Should we stop spending money on things we do not really need and send the money instead to groups that aid victims of absolute poverty? Garrett Cullity and Peter Unger have given renewed vigor to the well known argument by Peter Singer that we should do this. Like Singer, Cullity and Unger compare our duties to the poor to our duties when we encounter a victim of calamity, such as a child in danger of drowning. Singer and Unger tell us (...)
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  7. Why Distributive Justice Is Impossible but Contributive Justice Would Work.Paul Gomberg - 2016 - Science and Society 80 (1):31-55.
    Distributive justice, defined as justice in distribution of income and wealth, is impossible. Income and wealth are distributed either unequally or equally. If unequally, then those with less are unjustly subject to social contempt. But equal distribution is impossible because it is inconsistent with bargaining to advance our own good. Hence justice in distribution of income and wealth is impossible. More generally, societies where social relations are mediated by money are necessarily unjust, and Marx was wrong to think a socialist (...)
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  8. Dilemmas of Rawlsian Opportunity.Paul Gomberg - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (1):1-24.
    John Rawls's repeated assertions that the basic structure of society creates profound and inevitable differences in life prospects for people born in different starting places seems to contradict his assertions that, under fair equality of opportunity, a person's life prospects would not be affected by class of origin for those similarly endowed and motivated. This seeming contradiction seems to be resolved by Rawls's apparent belief that class of origin inevitably affects motivation. This reconciliation leaves us with a very weak conception (...)
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  9.  1
    How to Make Opportunity Equal: Race and Contributive Justice.Paul Gomberg - 2006 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    The author contributes debate to the distributive injustices such as low pay, inferior healthcare and housing, as well as diminished opportunities in schools, which continue to blight the lives of millions of urban poor in America and beyond.
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  10.  2
    Who Toils? Race, Equal Opportunity, and the Division of Labor.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 1–17.
    This chapter contains section titled: A radical proposal Some history Why our conception of equal opportunity changes Racism and the costs of unequal opportunity The social context of political philosophy Contributive justice Race and opportunity.
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  11.  12
    The Primacy of Practice.Paul Gomberg & Nicholas Rescher - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (4):603.
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  12. Workers without Rights.Paul Gomberg - 2017 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 4 (1):49-76.
    In the United States the Civil Rights Movement emerging after World War II ended Jim Crow racism, with its legal segregation and stigmatization of black people. Yet black people, both in chattel slavery and under Jim Crow, had provided abundant labor subject to racist terror; they were workers who could be recruited for work others were unwilling to do. What was to replace this labor, which had been the source of so much wealth and power? Three federal initiatives helped to (...)
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  13.  9
    Workers without Rights.Paul Gomberg - forthcoming - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences.
    Paul Gomberg ABSTRACT: In the United States the Civil Rights Movement emerging after World War II ended Jim Crow racism, with its legal segregation and stigmatization of black people. Yet black people, both in chattel slavery and under Jim Crow, had provided abundant labor subject to racist terror; they were workers who could be recruited...
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  14. Abortion and the Morality of Nurturance.Paul Gomberg - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):513 - 524.
    Most discussion of the morality of abortion assume the central issue is whether the fetus is a person. I disagree. The central issue is better understood as whether the fetus is one's *baby* whom one has a duty to nurture (babies need not be persons). Understanding the central issue as centering on duties to nurture one's children allows us better to understand both liberal and conservative views about abortion.
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  15. Against competitive equal opportunity.Paul Gomberg - 1995 - Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (3):59-73.
    Competitive opportunity assumes limited positions of advantage. Making competitive opportunity equal without expanding opportunity would delay socialization for diminished expectations but have no advantages, thus possibly making a bad situation worse. Equal opportunity worth fighting for would be opportunity available to all non-competitively.
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  16.  14
    Marx's Radical Critique of Capitalist Society a Reconstruction and Critical Evaluation.Paul Gomberg - 1991
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  17.  38
    Consequentialism and History.Paul Gomberg - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):383 - 403.
    John Stuart Mill wrote in the opening chapter of Utilitarianism, ‘A test of right and wrong must be the means, one would think, of ascertaining what is right or wrong,’ thus explaining why he thought the work to follow was practically important. In Chapter 3, ‘On the Ultimate Sanction of the Principle of Utility,’ he answers the question, ‘What are the motives to obey the principle of utility?’ This principle is presented as a morality to be adopted. Yet before the (...)
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  18.  32
    Why be Moral?Paul Gomberg - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):700.
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  19. Does “possible” ever mean “logically possible”?Paul Gomberg - 1978 - Philosophia 8 (2-3):389-403.
    Are skeptical arguments invalid because they trade on an ambiguity of the word "possible," asserting that it is possible that our experiences are not of anything outside our own minds and concluding that it is not certain that there is an external world outside our own minds? It is sometimes asserted that such arguments invalidly trade on an ambiguity of "possible" where the premise is true only in the sense "logically possible" while the inference is valid only in the sense (...)
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  20.  6
    Contributive Justice.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 148–167.
    This chapter contains section titled: Preamble to contributive justice Justice is about contribution A conception of contributive justice Can contribution be normatively motivated? Contributive justice and coercion Contributive norms are supportable Some problems A fuller theory Marxism, race, and opportunity.
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  21.  25
    Tp [\ Canadian (Q\ JJJournal of£| Philosophy.Nicholas Asher, Graciela De Pierris, Paul Gomberg, Robert E. Goodin, Charles W. Mills, Jordan Howard Sobel, Andrew Levine, Frank Cunningham, W. J. Waluchow & Wesley Cooper - 1989 - Philosophy 19 (3).
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  22.  2
    Against Limiting Opportunity.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 28–43.
    This chapter contains section titled: Quantity of opportunity The Meritonia argument The practical argument Illustrating the practical argument The socialization principle The strong socialization principle Reply to the strong socialization principle I: Adam Smith Reply to the strong socialization principle II: Michael Walzer We should not limit opportunity.
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  23. Against Leveling the Playing Field.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 18–27.
    This chapter contains section titled: Competitive opportunity Roemer on equal opportunity The fallacy of moralizing politics Why are we different from one another?
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  24.  3
    Are Some Born Smarter Than Others?Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 114–126.
    This chapter contains section titled: Social structure, ideology, and the rationalization principle Are some born smarter than others? Rejecting ideology and rejecting the division of labor.
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  25.  9
    Are We Ever Right to Say We Know?Paul Gomberg - 1978 - Philosophy Research Archives 4:315-328.
    Austin tried to forstall skeptical conclusions from the alleged ever present possibility of error. He felt that knowledge did not preclude the possibility of error and that the appearance that it did was due to a pragmatic requirement of saying one knows. Moreover, he seemed to feel that we were often right to say we know even though it is always possible that we are mistaken. The present paper argues, contra Austin, that if it is always possible that we are (...)
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  26.  20
    Can a Partisan Be a Moralist?Paul Gomberg - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (1):71 - 79.
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  27.  1
    Can Everyone Be Esteemed?Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 55–65.
    This chapter contains section titled: Opportunities of limited and unlimited supply Two sources of esteem Comparative and competitive Power and other sources of prestige Must positions of prestige be of limited supply? Dividing labor and limiting positions of prestige Self‐esteem and sub‐group norms of esteem Social unity: can social esteem be of unlimited supply?
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  28.  4
    Egalitarianism of Opportunity and Other Egalitarianisms.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 44–54.
    This chapter contains section titled: Two egalitarian traditions What is an opportunity? Resources, capabilities, and commensurability Perfectionism and liberal egalitarianisms Why pay the costs of opportunities and provision of other goods? Egalitarianism of opportunity and the neoclassical tradition.
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  29.  35
    Friendship in the context of a consequentialist life.Paul Gomberg - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):552-554.
  30.  25
    Free will as ultimate responsibility.Paul Gomberg - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (4):205-12.
  31. Free Will as Ultimate Responsibility.Paul Gomberg - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (3):205-211.
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  32. 3 Hegel on History and Freedom: An Exposition and Marxist Assessment Paul Gomberg.Paul Gomberg - 1999 - In Tm Powers & P. Kamolnick (ed.), From Kant to Weber: Freedom and Culture in Classical German Social Theory. pp. 37.
     
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  33.  51
    IQ and race: A discussion of some confusions.Paul Gomberg - 1975 - Ethics 85 (3):258-266.
  34.  2
    Index.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 178–184.
    This chapter contains section titled: Why egalitarianism of opportunity is incompatible with Rawls's egalitarianism The difference principle and the functional theory of stratification Natural lottery of talents? What motivates us? The natural history of stratification Is inequality necessary?
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  35. Justice and Markets.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 138–147.
    This chapter contains section titled: The conflict between the moral powers Market efficiency and justice From the point of view of market morality egalitarianism is unjust Markets without material incentives?
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  36.  20
    Marxism and Rationality.Paul Gomberg - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (1):53 - 62.
  37.  13
    Morality and the Push for Results.Paul R. Gomberg - 1977 - Philosophy Research Archives 3:771-786.
    In "Freedom and Resentment" P.F. Strawson proposes that the dispute between compatibilists and incompatibilists can be resolved if we can identify what is missing in the compatibilist account of our morality, an account intended to reconcile determinism and moral responsibility. Strawson argues that our common morality requires us to take an involved attitude toward others. He says that compatibilist accounts of that morality suggest that we take an objective attitude toward others, which precludes being morally involved with them. I argue, (...)
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  38. Opportunity for What? Defending the Constellation.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 66–74.
    This chapter contains section titled: What makes life good? The good of developing and exercising complex abilities The good of contributing our abilities to a social group The good of thinking well of ourselves and being thought well of by others Why labor is important to self‐ and social esteem Why we think more highly of complex than of simple abilities How complex, challenging work enhances one's life; how routine labor damages it Is this an adequate defense of the constellation?
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  39.  1
    Race and Political Philosophy.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 127–137.
    This chapter contains section titled: Bringing issues of race and racism to the center of political philosophy Race, unequal opportunity, and the division of labor Capabilities and functionings Racism, opportunities, and capabilities Racism and other oppression Race, contribution, and political philosophy.
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  40.  14
    Self and Others in Bentham and Sidgwick.Paul Gomberg - 1986 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 3 (4):437 - 448.
  41. Transforming Relationships.Paul Gomberg - 2007 - In How to Make Opportunity Equal. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 91–104.
    This chapter contains section titled: Competitiveness Competition for social esteem Social comparison and self‐esteem in Franz Kafka's “The Judgment” Group identities, racism, and the struggle for a sense of self‐worth Amour‐propre in Rousseau Esteem and respect From competition to harmony Optimism revisited.
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  42.  52
    Universalism and optimism.Paul Gomberg - 1994 - Ethics 104 (3):536-557.
  43.  48
    What Should I Believe?: Philosophical Essays for Critical Thinking.Paul Gomberg - 2011 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    This book is unique in its treatment of critical thinking not as a body of knowledge but instead as a subject for critical reflection. The purpose of the anthology is to turn critical thinking classes into invitations to philosophical conversations. The collection introduces students to difficult philosophical questions that surround critical thinking, moving away from dogmatism and towards philosophical dialogue. In developing these discussions, the anthology introduces students to issues in the philosophy of science, epistemology, and philosophy of religion. Selections (...)
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  44.  48
    Autonomy and free expression.Paul Gomberg - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (2):97-104.
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  45.  38
    How Morality Works and Why It Fails: On Political Philosophy and Moral Consensus.Paul Gomberg - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (3):43-70.
  46.  40
    Review of N. Scott Arnold: Marx's Radical Critique of Capitalist Society: A Reconstruction and Critical Evaluation.[REVIEW]Paul Gomberg - 1991 - Ethics 102 (1):171-172.
  47.  1
    Review of N. Scott Arnold: Marx's Radical Critique of Capitalist Society: A Reconstruction and Critical Evaluation.[REVIEW]Paul Gomberg - 1991 - Ethics 102 (1):171-172.
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  48.  18
    [Book review] marxism, 1844-1990, origins, betrayal, rebirth. [REVIEW]Paul Gomberg - 1994 - Science and Society 58 (3):364-367.
  49.  6
    Review of Roger S. Gottlieb: Marxism 1844-1990: Origins, Betrayal, Rebirth.[REVIEW]Paul Gomberg - 1996 - Ethics 106 (4):882-885.
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  50.  21
    Political Violence. [REVIEW]Paul Gomberg - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):616-620.
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